Demosthenes.

The oration of Demosthenes on The crown. With extracts from the oration of Aeschines against Ctesiphon, and explanatory notes online

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Online LibraryDemosthenesThe oration of Demosthenes on The crown. With extracts from the oration of Aeschines against Ctesiphon, and explanatory notes → online text (page 9 of 23)
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at?, aXX' ot rai^ cru/x/xa^aj^ crrpar^yot /cat at
XT; ^XV" T wes at rouraji/ a/TroSetfet? ;
/cat (fravepaL cr/coTretre 8e.

Tt XP*) 1 ' T ^^ ZVVOVV TToXtTT^^ TTOtetZ^, Tt TOI' fJLTa 3 01

Trpovoias /cat 7rpo0vp.Las /cat St/catocri;^?
7rar/3tSo9 TroXtreud/xe^oi/ ; ou/c e'/c /utez/
rrjv Eu^8ota^ TTpo/3a\ecr0ai Trpb rrjs
, e/c Se TT}? /lecroyeta? rr)z/ Botwrta^, e/c
oe rajz^ Trpo? IIeXo7ro^^7y(TO^ TOTTOJZ/ rou? op,6povs
ravTYj ; ov rrjv <Ttro7ro/>c7rta^, OTTW? Trapa Tracrav
<j)i\iav a>XP L T v Iletyoatw? /co/xtcr^crerat, 77/30 t'Se-
cr#at ; /cat ra ju,e*> crwcrat rai^ VTrapyovTtoV e/c- 3 02
Tre/xTTO^ra fioyjOeias /cat Xeyo^ra /cat
TOiavra, rrjv TlpoKovvrjcrov, TT)Z> Xep^oo^cro^,



ra 8' oVwg ot/ceTa /cat



TO Bu^ai^Tto^, Tr)z^ v A/3vov,



128 AHMOSeENOTS



/cat TOJV fjiev rot?

rd? ^uteytcrra? d^eXet^, w^ 8* eVeXetTre TT^ TrdXet,

raura TTpocrOeivai ; raura TOIVVV airavTa TTC-

TTpaKTOLL rol? )U,oT? \jJr)(j)LO-p,acrL /Cat TO?? C

303 TroXtreu/Aacri^, a /cal /3e/3oi>Xeu/xeVa, a) a



eai' aVev <)06vov rt? ovTaL CTACO-



, opdws evpTJcrei /cat 7re7rpay/>teVa Trdo-rj 8t-
Kaioo"uvr) t /cat roz/ e/cacrrov Kaipov ov TrapeOevra
ovS* afyvojjOlvra ouSe TrpotOevra VTT epov, /cat
ocra ets ws d^Spo? Swa/xu> /cat Xoytcr/ioz/
ouSei^ eXXet<$eV. et 8e ^ Sat/io^o? rt^o? ^
io-^ys r) (TTparriytov (fravXorrjs r) TMV Trpo
ra? TrdXet? V/AOJI/ /ca/cta ^ TraVra raura \vp,aiVTo
rot? oXot?, ecu? cu>e'rpei//a*>, rt A^/xocr^eVT;? d8t/cet ;

304 et 8* olo? eyw Tra^' v/^t^ /card r^ e/xavrou TOL^LV,
els iv KacrTrj Ttov 'EXX^^tSo)^ TToXeajz^ d^ya eye-

, fjiaXXov 8' et eVa dVSpa JJLOVOV BerraXta /cat
avSpa 'Ap/caSta ravrd (frpovovvra ecr^ev e/^ot,
ovSet? oiire rai^ efw IlvXwr 'EXX^^w^ oure

305 euro) rot? Trapovori /ca/cot? eKexp^ dV, dXXd
re? ai^ oVre? eXevOepou /cat CLVTOVOIJLOI /xerd
dSeta? acr^aXw? ez^ evSat/^o^ta rd? eaurwr MKOVV
TrarptSa?, raiz/ rocroirrwi' /cat rotourwz^ dyaOav VJJLIV
/cat rot? dXXot? 'A^^atot? exo^re? ^d'/H*' St' e/^e.

8' etSrjre ort TroXXw rot? Xdyot? eXdrroo-t



Xeye /xot raurt /cat avdywOi \afi(t>v.



IIEPI TOT 2TEOANOT. 129



Tavra /cat rotavra TrpaTTeiv, ALCT^IVTJ, TOV KOL- 306
\bv KayaOov TTO\LTTJV Set, a)v KaTopOovfJievcov p,ev
/xeytcrrots apafJL^ior/BrjTTjTCi)^ VTrrjp-^ev elvai /cat TO
St/cato)9 TTpoo-rjv, wg erepcos Se crvjJifidvTcov TO yovv
v$oKip,etv Treptecm KOL TO pafieva /xe/i<^ecr^at ir^v
TTO\LV [Jirj8e Trjv irpoaipeo-iv avTrjs, a\\a TJ^V TV-

^rjV KGLKl&LV TJ]V OVTO) TO, 77 pdj fJiOLT U KplVOLCTaV, OV 37
jOtO, At' OVK aTTOO'TOLVTOL TO)V O~VjJL<f)p6vTa)V Tfl 77O-

Xet, [jLio-Ocoo-avTa 8 ' avrov rot? ei/a^rtotg,

V7Tp TU)V ^OpO)V KCLipOVS OLVTL TOJV T7JS

Oepaneveiv, ouSe TOV ^tv Trpay/xara afta r^5 TTO-
Xe&)9 v7roo~ToivTCL \eyew /cat ypdcfreiv KOL /xeVetz^
e?rt rovro)^ /3ao~Kaiveiv, lav 8e rt9 tSta rt \v7njo~rj,
TOVTO fJLfjLvrjo"0ai Kal T7jpiv, ovSe y' ^crv^Lav
ayew aSutov /cat VTTOV\O^, o crv Trotet? TroXXa/ct?.
ecrrt yap, eo~Tiv rjcrv^ia 8t/cata /cat

T^ TToXet, ^ Ot TToXXot Tttjl' 7TO\LTO)V V/Xt? Ct

ayere. aXX* ou TavTrjv OVTOS ayet T^J* rjo~v^iav
TroXXou ye /cat Set, aXX' aTrocrra? orai> avrw 80^1



216. AAAa KOI T})V rjcrv^tav JJLOV TOV ptov SiapaAAet Kat TTJS
/xov Ka-n/yope?, tva /x-r/Set? aurw TOTTOS a<rvKO<f>dvTr)TO<s
i, Kat ra? ev TO?? yv^avao't'ot? //,era TOJV vearrepwv jaov
Siarptpa? Kara/x/x<^>eTai, /cat Kara. Tiyo"Se r^s Kptcrews evOvs a
ro9 Xoyov <pe'ptt rivti, a'riav, Xeywv, ws eyw r^v

^S TToAecos eyptti^a/xryv, a.AX ei/8etKvu/x,evos
Trpos avrov f^Opav. 217. Kat vr) At', d>s eyw 7rw/0dVo-

9



130 AHMOSOENOTS



rrjs TroXtretas (rroXXd/cts Se So/ceT) <f>v\dTTL
ecreorOe ^ecrrot TOV crvveya)<s Xeyo^ro? f) rrapa rrjs
rv^ys TL o-VfJL/Be/BrjKev eVazrtCL>ju.a r) dXXo rt Sucr/co-
\ov yeyove (iroXXa Se TavOpuTnva) etr* e?rt rourw

TO) KCLLpO) pTJTOJp l^OLl^)V^ K T7J<$ rjCTV^La^ OHTTTep

I(f)dv7], /cat Tre^aj^ao-fc^/ca)? /cat cru^etXo^ws
/cat Xoyous crvvelpei TOVTOVS cra^w? /cat
OVYJCTLV /jtey ouSe/xtai^
^crt^ ouSe^o?, crvjji^opav 8e
309 ra^ TroXtroj^ /cat Koivty aioyyvrjv. /catrot
r^? jJL\Trjs /cat TT}? eTrt/^eXeta?, Atcr^/t^, et
e'/c V/v^? 8t/cata9 eytyi/ero /cat ra TT^? TrarptSo?
crvp,(f)povTa TrporjpTftJitvrjs, rou? Kapirovs eSet yei^-
/cat /caXou? /cat iraa'iv a)(j)e\LfJiOV$
TrdXewz/, Tropovs ^p^
, VQ\MAV crvjJiffrepovTaiv Secret?, roV?
^^pot? e^a^rtaj/xara. TOUT<UZ> yap
j)v iv rots aVw ^pd^ot? eferacrtg, /cat
6 7rape\0ct)v ^pdz/o? TroXXa? aTroSet'fets a^-
Spt /caXw re /cdya$w, ez^ of? ovSa/ioi) cru

s, ov Trpwro?, ov Seurepos, ou rptro?,



t, /xeJVAa /xe dvepwrav, Sta rt TO /xev /ce^aXatov r^s TroXtret'as

i^eyw, TO, oe Kau e'/cacrTOv ov/c tKo')X.vov ov$
dXXa StaXtTTwv Kat Trpos r^v TroAtretW ov TTVKVO. Trpoo-twv
j/ey/ca. T-^V ypa^ijv. eya> Se ovre ras Ar^/xoo-^
e^Aco/ca, OT' 7rt ra?? e/tavToO ato~^wo/xat, ovre
iv vfJiLV Aoyous 1/JiavTip apprjrovs eti/at /?ovXoi/x7yv, oirre Ta
TOVTW



IIEPI TOT STEOANOT. 131



rerapro?, ov 77e/x,77T09, ov)( e/cro?, ou^ OTTOCTTO-
crovv, OVKOVV CTTI y* ol? 77 Trarpls rjv^dvero. T193 11
yap crvfJip^a^Ca crou TTpd^avTOS yeyove rrj TrdXec ;

/ C \ /} //) * ^ > / * ' *" / C 1 ^

Ti9 oe po^c/eta 17 KTTJCTIS evvoias rj oogrjs ; rts oe

a ; rt? ^LCLKOVIOL Si* 77^ 17 770X19
; ri ra)^ oiKeitov rj ra>v 'EXX^^t/ca)^ Acat



TToldi /3e\7) ; 770101 VtOKTOLKOl ; T19 llT i(T KVJ] Ti-

; Trolov ITTTTLKOV ; ri ruv OLTTOLVTW <rv ^p^cri-

t ; T19 ^ TO19 U77OpOt9 7^ TO19 CLTTOpOLS 77O-

/cat KOLVTJ /3o7J0La ^prjfJLOLTaiV ; ov8efjiia.
aXX', a> ra^, et [JirjSev TOVTW, tvvoia ye /cat 77po- 312
uvfjiia ; TTOV ; irore ; ocrrt9, co rrdvTtov aSt/cwrare,
ovo' ore a77a^re9, oo~ot TTWTTOT IfyOey^avro ITTI
TOV 5rxaro9, et9 o-wrta^ e778t8ocra^, /cat TO



TO

ouSe TOT owTe TrapfjXOes OUT' eVe8w/ca9
ou/c diropuv, 770)9 yap ; 09 ye KK\r)povo-



, ird\avrov S* ^9
oojpedv Trapd TO>V rjyejjiovajv T&V crvp,fjio-



019



aXX tVa JLIT) Xdyoi^ e/c Xo'yov Xe'ywz' TOU irapovros 313
ep.OLVTOv eKKpovcro), 77apaXeti//&j TauTa. dXX' 6Vt
y' ou^t St' eVSetaz^ ou/c eVecSajK^, e/c TOUTOJ^ 877X0^,
dXXa <f)v\dTTO)v TO /xTySe^ IVOLVTLOV yV.cr9ai Trapd
crov TOUTO19 of9 diravTa 7ro\LTvr). iv TICTLV ovv

"



132 AHMO2<H)ENOT2



crv veavias KOL TTTJVLKOL Xa/x-Trpds ; TJVIK av Kara
TOVTMV TL 8e]7, iv TOUTOIS XafjLTrpCHfiajvoTaTos, fJii'rj-

H,OVLKO)TaiTOS, VTTOKpiTrjS aptCTTOS, TOJiKOS @O-



3 J 4 Elra TMV irporepov yeye^/AeVa)^ dya0a)v av-
Spwv fjiefjivrjcrai. KOI /caXai? Troieis. ou jiceWot
SLKCLLOV ICTTLV, az/Spes 'AOrjvaiOi, TJJV irpbs rou?
rereXeuT^/cdra? ev^ota^ VTrdpxovcrav TrpoXa/BovTa
Trap* vpuv 7rp05 IKZLVOVS l^erdtjEiv KOL TrapafidX-

3 J S Xeti^ e/xe roz/ vvv tftivra fji0 3 V/AOJZ/. rt? yap OVK
oTSe r&if TrdvTo>v on roi? yu-e^ ^wcrt Traviv



rou?



rwz/ iy9pa>v ovSei? ert /xtcret ; oura)? ou^

TOVTMV rrj (frvcrti, Trpo? row? 77/30
rov ^Gz/ eyw KpivcofJiai KOLL OeajpcajJiai ;
oure yap St/catoz^ our' tcro^, Alcr^ivr], dXXa
ere Acat aXkov L Tiva /3ovXet rw^ ravra croi

KOLL ^(tiVT (tiV . KOLKLVO O~KO7Ti.
KOL\\LOV KOLL Oi}JLlVOV rfj TToXci StCt TCt?



257. "Grav 8' 7rt TeXevTTys r/S?? TOI) Xoyou crvvrj-yopovs TOV<S
Koivcoi'ous TOJV 8copo8oK7yjuara)i/ avrai TrapaKaXy, VTroXa/x/^ayere
opav 7ri TOV yS^jaaro?, ou vw e<rr'^Ka)s eya> Aeyoo, avrtTrapare-
Trpo? r>)v TO^TWV ao-eXyetav rov? TT}? TroA^cos e^c/ayera?,
/^cv rov /caAAto-rots vo/xot? /cocr/x^cravTa r-^v ^rj/JiOKpariav^
avftpa <j>i\6(TO<t>ov /cat i/o/JLoOfrrji/ ayaOov, craj<^pova)9, a)5 TrpocrrJKev
aurai, 8ed/xevov v/xwv /x^Sen rpoTrw roi;? ArjfjiocrOevovs Aoyoi;?

t 7rAtOV09 TTOt^O-aCT^at ToJV OpKfDV KOL TOJV VO/XCOV, 258. 'Apf

)v Se TOI/ TO^S <>6povs TOL^avra TOIS "EAAr;o-tv.



IIEPI TOT 2TE4>ANOT. 133



repov euepyeo-tas, oucras V7rep/xeye'#et5, ov p,ev ovv

17701 TtS OLV ^Xt'/CaS, TCL9 CTTt TOV TTOLpOVTOL /BiOV yt-

y^o/AeVas ei5 d^apicrrtW /cat
ayetz', ^ TTOLCTLV ocrot rt /xer ewotas



/cat /AT)^ et /cat TOUT' apa Set /^e etTret^, 17 /^e^ e/xr)
TroXtreta /cat Trpoatpecrt?, a^ rts opOtoS CT/COTTTJ,
raT? rajf TOT* eTrat^ou/xeVco^ avopwv 6)Ltota /cat
raura ySouXo^eV^ c^a^crerat, 17 8e cr^ rats ra)z>
U? rotovrou? Tore crvKO(t)avTovvT(t)v SrjXov 'yap



ort /cat /car' e/cetVous rjcrdv rti^es ot

rou? o^ras rdre, rou? Se irporepov

zTrrivow, fiao'Kavov TrpayiJLa /cat ravro

crot, etra Xeyets w? ouSe^ o/>toto5 et//,t e/cet^ot? 318

>/ VO.JV A / e ^O\J^

eyw ; cru o 0/^0105, Atcr^t^r; ; o o aoeXcpo? o
o-os ; aXXo? Se rt? ra)i> ^>z/ prjTopwv ; eyw fte>
yap ouSeVa <^T7jLtt, dXXa Trpo? rou? ^ai^ra?, ai
Xpyo-re, Iva. /i^Sei^ aXX* etTrco, TOI^ aWa efera^e
/cat rou /ca^' aurot', axnrep raXXa irdvTa, TOVS

, Tou? ^opou?, row? dyaj^tcrTa?, 6 <I>tXa//,- 3 J 9
ort rXau/cou rou Kapua'rtov /cat



189. Katrot Trw^avoyaat y avrov jiteAXctv Xcyetv, w? ov Si'/caia
7rapa/3aA.Xo)v a^rw ra rwv Trpoyoi/wv epya ouSe yap ^t-



TX.O.VKOV TOV TraAaiov e/ceivov TTUKT^V, dXXa TOV? /ca$ eavrov
dyoovto-Ttt?, wo-7rep tyxas dyvoovvTa?, ort TOI? /xev Trv/cTais O~TIV 6
dyoijv Trpo? dAAiyAovs, TOIS 8 d^-tovo't (rTtfjxivovcrOcLi Trpos
T^V aptrrjv, ^s /cat eve/ca o~T



134 AHMO2BENOT2



erepaiv TTporepov yeyevrj^eva)]; dOXrjTMV dcrOeve-
crrepos fjv, d<TTe<dVo)TO9 e/c 777? 'OXu/jtTTtas a7n?et,
dXX* on ra>z> tcreX$oW&>z> Trpo? CLVTOV dpicrra
e/xd^ero, CTTe(f)avovTO /cat VLK&V dvrjyopeveTo.
Kol crv 7T/D05 rou9 ^vi> opa /xc prJTopas, Trpo?
cravroV, Trpo? ovTiva fiovXei TMV aTravratv ov-

320 SeVa eficrrajLtat. wz^, ore /AC^ r^ TrdXei ra /3eX-
rtcTTa ekecrOai Trapfjv, e^a^u-tXXou r^s ei?
TrarptSa ev^oia? ez^ KOWU> TTOLCTL Acei/xeV^g,
KpaTL(TTa \eywv IffraLvojATjv, KCLL rot? e/xots /cat
\fjrj(f)L(TfJiao'L KOL vo^oi^ KOLL 7Tyoecr/3etai9 aTravTa
Staj/cecro, v/xa)^ Se oyet9 ^ ovSa/xoO, trXrjv et
rovrot? eTrrjptdcrai n Se'oi eTretS^ Se a /x^ TTOT'
axf)\ crvveprj, /cat ov/cert (TVjJi/BovXajv dXXa ra)^
rots eTrtrarro/AeVot? vTrypeTovvrcDV /cat rw^ /cara

TrarptSo? pio-Oapveiv iroi^v /cat rai^ /coXa-
erepov {$ov\op.evtov eferacrt?, r^^t/caura
cru /cat Touroj^ e/cacrro? ei^ rafet /cat /xeyas /cat
Xa/xTrpo? tTTTTorpo^o?, eya> 8' dcr^e^?, 6/xoXoyw,
dXX' ev^ovs fJid\\ov vfjitov TOVTOLCTL.

321 Avo S', dvSpes 'A^z^atot, roz^ (frvcrei ^erpiov
7ro\LTr]v e^eti' Set (OUT&) yctp /xot Trept e/xavroi)
\4yovri dveTTi^OovaiTarov eiireiv), tv \jJkv rat?
efoixTtats TT)^ rou yevvaiov /cat rov TrpwTeiov rfj
TroXet 7rpoaLLpe<Tiv Sta^uXdrret^, ez^ Tra^rt Se /catpw
/cat irpd^eL T-TIV evvciav TOVTOV yap rj ^ucrt? /cu-
pta, rov Swacr^at Se /cat tcr^uet^ erepa. TOLVTTJV



IIEPI TOT 2TE3>ANOT. 135



TOLVVV Trap e/xol jjLp.V7]Kvlav evpyjcrere a7rXo>5.
opare Se. OVK l^aiTovpevos, OVK 'A^t^)t/crio^t/ca? 322
StAca? tTrayovTajv, OVK eTrayyeXXo/xeVw^, ov^l rou?
Karapdrovs TOVTOVS oMnrep 9r)pia JJLOL 7rpoo~/3a\-
XOVTCOV, ouSajLtw? eya> TrpoSeSco/ca TT)Z^ et? u/zas
tvvoiav. TO yap ef a/>X^ s e^^v? op6v)v KOI 8t-
Kaiav TJ]V o'oov rrjs TroXireta? eiXofjirjv, ra? rt/x-a?,
ra? Sv^acrreia?, ra? evSofta? ra? TT^? TrarpiSos
OepaTreveiv, raura? av^tiv, /zero, roura)^ el^at.
ou/c cTTt /xe^ rot? erepcov evrv^jfjiacri c^aiSpo? eya> 3 2 3

Kara T"qv ayopav Trepiep^o/Acu, r^
7rpoTLva>v Kal euayyeXio/iez'os rouroi?
a^ e/ceicre avrayyeXXet^ oiaj/xat, TCOZ^ Se r^5
ayaOcov Tr^piKws aKOvaj Kal crreVow Acal
t? r^v y^* wcTTrep ot Sucrcre^er? ouroi, 01
/Aez^ TrdXiz/ oiao~vpovcriv, atonrep ou^ avrou? Stacru-

pOVT<$, OTOV TOVTO TTOLOHTIV, efa) 8e /3XeVoU<Tl, ACttl






ez/ 015 arv^qa-vraiv TU)V r^z/aj^ evTv^Tjcrep ere-
/005, TCU)T' iTraivovcri Kal o7Tft)5 TOZ^ aTravra y^povov
(j>ao-i Seiz^ rrjpelv.

r', a> 7ra^T5 #eot, z7Set5 ravO* vwv em- 3 2 4



260. Eyw /xei/ ow, a> y^ /cat ^Xie /cat dperr/ /cat awecrt? Kat
7rat8eta, i) SiaytyvojcrKOynei/ TO. KaXa Kal TO, aion^pa, f3f(3orjOrjKa
KOL tip-rjKa. Kat et /xev KaXwg Kat d^tw? TOV d8tK7//xaro5 Karrjyo-
prjKa, etVrov w? ZjSovXo/JirjV) et 8e evSeefrrepws'j ws e8wa/x,7^v. Y/xet?
8e Kat CK TOJV ctpTy/xevwv Xoywv Kat CK roov TrapaXetTro/xevcoi/ avrol
TO, 8tKaia Kat ra av/xc^epovra inrep T^? TroAew?



136 AHMOSOENOTS



vevcreiev, dXXa fjidXiO'Ta ^ev KOL rouroi?

TWOL VOVV KOL (j)pVaS lv0L7)T, t 8' (Lp

a^tcLTcu?, TOVTOVS p,v CLVTOVS KcnO* eavTOu? e
Kal TTpowXet? iv yy KOL OaXdrry Trot^crare,
8e rots XoiTioIs r^ ra^Lcrr^^ a7ra\\ayr)

<f)6fia)v Sore /cat crwTrjpiav acr<f)OL\rj



NOTES



ABBREVIATIONS.



Bekk Bekker's Edition.

cf. Latin confer, i. e. compare, see.

Cu Curtius's Grammar.

Dind Dindorf 's Edition.

Diss. or D Dissen's Edition.

Editt Editions or Editors.

fr from.

GMT Goodwin's Greek Moods and Tenses.

G Goodwin's Grammar.

H Hadley's Grammar, revised by Allen.

i. e idest.

K Kiihner's Grammar.

Kenn Kennedy's Translation.

K. T. e Kai TO. erepa, etc.

L. and S Liddell and Scott's Lexicon.

Laur. S Laurentian Manuscript S.

lit literal or literally.

Lord B Lord Brougham.

Madv. G. S Madvig's Greek Syntax.

MS., MSS Manuscript, Manuscripts.

2 ~S,iyiJia, name of the oldest and best Manuscript of the text.

sc scilicet, namely, understood.

Schae!'. Schaefer's Edition.

st instead of.

V., Voem Voemel's Edition.

W Westermann's Edition.

w with.

Wh Winston's Edition.

wh which.

Z The Zurich Edition of the text, by Baiter and Sauppe.



NOTES.



THIS oration was more commonly known among the ancients
under the name of pro Ctesiphonte. Its merits were especially lauded
by the ancient rhetoricians, particularly by Dionysius of Halicar-
nassus (de Antiq. Orat. Corara., VI. 953 ff, ed. Reiske, and de Verborum
Compositionc, cap. XXV.), by Herniogeues (de Eloquentice Ratione),
and by Quintilian (Orat. Inst., XL, XII.).

EXORDIUM, 1-8. In this introduction the orator manifests a certain
anxiety and timidity. Cf. Quint., XI. 3. 97.

1. irpwTov [i*v...vx[ Jtat : to. commence a speech w. an invocation was
unusual among the Greeks. One notable instance is Lycurg. c. Leocr.:
eu'xo/wu yap rrj 'A6r)i>q. /cat rots aXAots 0eoTs. YEsch. c. Timarch., 116,
speaks of beseeching all the gods. But with the Romans this was not
infrequent. Cf. Cic. pro L. Murena, JJTO C. Cornelia. Servius remarks on
Verg. sEn., XI. 301 : Majores nullam m-ationem nisi invocatis numinibus
inchoabant. <3 dvSpes 'A. : for the nature of the court thus addressed vid.
Diet. Antiq. sub Dicasterion, Dicastcs ; Grote, IV. 188 ff; Schoemann,
Greek Antiq. TOIS : omitted by a few MSS. Dionys. Halic. shows that
this word is essential to the rhythm of the sentence, wh. is anapaestic.
The same reason is given for the addition of i in rovrovl below. &<ri]v...
To<ravTT]v : by reversing the order of relat. and demonstr. clause the orator
makes more prominent the claim or ground upon wh. his request is based.
^Xv...8iaT6\w : what use of the parLc. ? H. 980, 981; G. 1578,
1580 ; Cu. 590.. <(irei0' : the de correlative w. ^.iv is often omitted
w. ^ren-a. Cf. H. 1046, b ; Madv. Or. Syn., 188, Rem. 5. 8 ir^p has
for its antecedent TOVTO, the whole referring to /*Ti...Troiri<Ta.(T6ai...d\\a...T6v
opKov, thus : that the gods may put that into your hearts which is especially
for your interest, etc., not to make.. .but, etc. evo-6petas...86f;T]s : " ewr<?-
jSeia refers to their oath in particular ; 56a to equity in general. For 56a



140



NOTES.



in 8 the orator substitutes evdo^ia as more explicit." TYLER. TOV be-
longs to the whole phrase. So Plat. Repub., 352 d : d\Xd irepl TOV oiriva
rpbirov xp/7 tn v ) Herod. 8. 79 : (rTacridfeiv irepl TOV OKorepos i),u.(i)v TrX^w
dyaOa r}]v -rraTpida epydveTai.

2. TOV 6pKov : the oath taken by the Heliastce. Isocr. 15, 21, gives
it in substance thus : o^vvvai -Tj /J.TJV 6/wotws d.Kpod<rea6at TUV KaTrjyopovvTwv
Kal rCov aTro\oyov/j.frwv. SIKCUOIS : what these legal requirements were,
Dem. explains more fully in his Orat. c. Lept., 94, 96. ciKpodo-acrOcu :
so reads S ; the other MSS. have a.Kpoa<r6ai. What is the difference ?
ov8 : the force of p'jvov is continued. So in 93. to-rjv : the word CL/JL-
007-epots, wh. follows in most MSS., is probably an interpolation from 7.
U7ro8ovvai : what is the force of the CLTTO in this compound ? TO TTJ Toei
...XpT)o-ao-0cu : epexegetical of Tb...a,Kpodaracrdai and prcd. nom. after <TTIV.
T TJ T<x,...Tfj diroXo-yCa embraces both the order and the matter of the
defence. The rd^ts is made prominent, as it was in this particular that
sought to hamper Dem. in making his defence. pepovX-qTat Kal
: the perf. tense is used to indicate the previous preparation in
accordance w. the practice of the ancient orators. WS...OVTWS : here again
the relat. before the demonstr. clause. The attention of the judges is not
called to OVTUS until its explanation (ws) has first been given. Dissen
calls attention to the completeness of this first period, and analyzes it into
three parts, of wh. the first prepares the way for the second, the second for
the third ; while in the importance of the thought the same order is pre-
served. The orator now gives ( 3, 4) the special reasons for his previous
request.

3. oSv = igilur, and is used here, as often, to indicate transition in the
thought. iroXXd p.v, K. T. I., now, while in many points .. .tlwrc, are tivo
wh. are especially great. 8e introduces the principal, \&v the subordinate
sentence. Kal is emphatic w. peydXa ; cf. Kal /j.d\a, Kal irdvv. ov irepl T.
t. a-y., i. e. / have more at stake. iXeiv T^|V ypa,^>r\v, lit. to seize the in-
dictment ; somewhat similar is our phrase, to get a verdict. Transl., to win
his case. The loss of ^Esch. in case of defeat would only be a fine of
1000 drachma} and a forfeiture of the privilege of instituting similar suits.
Cf. Boeckh's Publ. Economy of the Athen., I. p. 406 ; Meier and Schom.
Alt. Proc., p. 734. dXX* e^ol p,c'v : by an abrupt stop, called in rhetori-
cal phraseology aposiopesis (cf. Quint. Orat. Inst., IX. 2, 54), the orator
leaves his hearers to imagine the rest, since it would be unpleasant (5v<rxf-
pe's) for him to allude to an unfavorable verdict. Other instances are found
in 22, 195. W. supplies the thought in this way : but for me, my
ivhole politicfil career is at stake in dependence on your approbation. IK
, lit. from a superabundance ; hence, needlessly, wantonly. We



NOTES. I4I



understand Dem. to mean this : Msch. jeopardizes nothing in this trial ;
he has but little to lose in case of defeat, nothing to gain in case of success.
This prosecution, therefore, involving my dearest interests, has for its only
gain my loss ; hence, is undertaken in a spirit of simple wantonness and
malice. Cf. ol 5' K Trepiovaias Trovrjpoi, Dem. c. Stcph., 67. Plato in
Tkecet., 154 D, uses this expression of rhetorical contests that were engaged
in as & pastime. ^repov 8', so. eXarroO/wu. XoiSopiwv, Karrj-yopicov : how
these differ the orator shows in 123.

4. ws frros elimv modifies iraaiv. For the constr. cf. H. 956 ; G. 1534 ;
Cu. 564. evoxXei : this fact had not escaped ^sch. ; cf. infra. Kdv
...Xc>>...8oa>: #. G M T. 444 ; H. 898 ; G. 1403 ; Cu. 545. - diroXv-
a-aa-0ai...8eiKvvvai: Diss. thinks the aor. is used w. reference to the single
charges (TO. Karrjyopri/jt.ei'a) , each of wh. was to be refuted, and the pres. to de-
note the act that is to be continued throughout the oration 6 TI...&V...
dva-yKdT] : cf. G M T. 529 ; 11. 912, 916 ; G. 1428, 1434 ; Cu. 554. The
skill of the orator in making his opponent responsible for the odium of his
self-laudation is commented on by Quint., XI. 1. 22, as follows : " Neque hoc
dico non aliquando de rebus a se-gestis oratori esse dicendum, sicut eidem
Demostheni pro Ctesiphonte, quod tamen ita emeu davit ut necessitatem
id fuciendi ostenderet, invidiamque omnem in eum regeret qui hoc se
coegisset."

5-8. In these paragraphs Dem. repeats the request for an impartial
healing, but from a different standpoint. "What before lie prayed that
the gods would inspire the judges to do as a matter of piety and reputa-
tion, he now claims also as a right, while he enforces the claim by a com-
bination of new considerations with the former ones ; such as the greatness
of the interest at stake, etc." LARNED. KOIVOV ctvai : while the legal
prosecution was against Ctes., the persecution was aimed at Dem., and it
was important for the orator to emphasize at the outset the fact that his
own personal interests were involved in this issue. irdvrwv : in the sense
of OVTIVOO-OVV = cujusvis, as is seen fr. the opposition in yudXtoTct, K. T. e.
In, a similar sense iravraxov, 81. dXXws re K&V = both otherwise and
especially if. <JnXav6pa>mas : a virtue by wh. the Athen. considered
themselves distinguished from the Spartans and others. An adroit appeal
to Athen. vanity. So Dem. c. Lc.pt, 109.

6. diu> K<xl 8eop.cu, / request (as a right) and beseech. Rhetorical ful-
ness or emphasis. Dem. seems fond of using pairs of words nearly synon-
ymous." Dissen gives the following instances fr. this oration, besides the
one above: erpayajSet Kal 5teiyet, 13; Kare^etdov Ka.1 5?/3a\Aes, 11 ; (3oav
ai, 23 ; 8r)\oi /cat dLopi^erai, 40 ; TrpovXeyov /cat 8i[j.ap-
45 ; OUK ovetdifeiv ovd \oi8opeiffOat) 274 ; Xoi5o/50^/xei/os Kal 5ia-



142 NOTES.



180 ; Tro\fjiiv Kal diafapecrdai, 31 ; irpoopufjievos Kal \oyi6fj,evos,
27 ; MS' irpoopav w& al<rddve(r6ai, 40 ; et'Sws mi eupa/cws, 248 ; /Sow?/
Kal KeKpayus, 132 ; direiv Kal dirayyei\ai, 33 ; favruv Kal dvrwv, 72 ;
edidafrs Kal 5t%r)\6es, 22 ; 5te/3aXXe *aJ die^-gei, 14. The student should
be careful to give the exact meaning of these terms so as to bring out the
shades of difference in thought doubtless intended by the orator. OJAOUOS
belongs to -irdvrtav, as in 61, 208. SiKaiws, impartially. Observe the
emphatic position as far away as possible fr. its verb aKovaai. Its force
is more fully explained by &<rirep, K. r. e. 6 riOels, the legislator, the
founder. So below, TOI)S diKafovras, 6 SI&KUV, TU> (pevyovn, etc. are used
substantively. & apxfjs : "originally, not as the earliest lawgiver, but
as the most influential. Hence riBei}, wh. is strictly of one despotic law-
giver, whereas nd^evos is of a republic or community." HOLMES.
26Xwv is lauded also by JEsch., 257. STJJIOTIKOS is defined by JEsch.,
168 ; cf. 122 of our oration. TO> ypa.xJ/cH : ypd(peu> vo/j.ov = generally
to propose a law in the popular assembly ; but it may also mean, as here,
to record or register by engraving on tablets or pillars of stone or brass. So
Phil., III. 41 : et's ffTrj\t]v %a\KT]v ypdi^avres. Transl. thought it proper
should be r inade supreme, not simply by recording them, but also by putting
the jurors under oath. TOVS 8iKaovras : most editt. add uyucts, but the
use of vfuv before and after this sentence makes u/xas superfluous. Besides,
Solon's legislation on this point applied to all times and cases ; hence the
orator first makes the general statement and then considers the application
of this rule to the present case in the words : OVK d-n-io-Tutv vfuv, K. r. e.

7. 4>cuvTai = it is evident, different fr. 5o/ce? = it seems, in the best
period of Greek. curias : atria is defined by Dem. c. Androt., 22, as
a charge or accusation unsupported by proof, resting on the barren word
of the accuser. It differs not widely fr. 5m/3oA?7 = calumny. als etc...
urxvei, by which the prosecutor, on account of his speaking first, is formidable.
For use of Trpdrepos cf. H. 619, a; G. 926; Cu. 361. 8. SIWKWV
(= prosecutor, Scotch pursuer), <|>v-yovn, ( = defendant) , irapeXOeiv ( to
outstrip, to go by), suggest the figure of a race. Kal... Kal: correlated,
connect the parts of the protasis. T<X SiKaia =: the legal arguments,
the points wh. the defendant may adduce for his defence. frrov...
KOIVOV = impartial, comm.on. That the two qualities may be distinguished
is seen in Plat. Protag. 68 ; Eurip. Ore.st. 9 : Koivrjs Tpawefys d&w/j.' 2x wv
foov. oimo, thus ; sc. after having furnished himself, etc. Diss. calls
attention to the fact that the rhythm and weight of the sentence requii'e
dtdyvaxTiv iroielcrOai, rather than the less emphatic diayiyvua'Keu'.

8. ws ?OIKC : added not so much by way of sarcasm, as the Schol. be-
lieves, as to express caution on account of the general and broad assertion



NOTES.



involved in TTCIVTOS. irapaKaXeom, to call upon or summon, as if coad-
jutors. vTr<xpcu (xot : the corresponding sentence in 1 has trap V/JLUV, wh.
is omitted here by S. Most Editt. follow the other MSS. in adding it.
TOVTO refers to the sentence introduced by 8 TL and is obj. of
the whole depending on TrapaarTJaat., wh. in turn depends on


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