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BOOK NO.



Accession



917.94 0121"



563940



NOT TO BE TAKEN FROM THE LIBRARY



FORM 3427-5000-8-46



SAN FRANCISCO PUBLIC LIBRARY



3 1223 04590 0959



MAY 22 194?



HSJJIFIM. » '



In Oakland. Ki'ikelcv and Alameda.




CO

a_>




C-D



Jl






O A



WAV



OAKLAND.



[APITAL, -
issets January I, 1877,
ncome 1876,
.osses Paid, .-



»-♦•♦•«-♦



$300,000.00
595,291.00
371,372.39

1,137,367.50



5

c



he Premium Income of this Branch Deposited and Invested in Alameda



County, a Feature Peculiar to this Company. •



C. HXKBY,



TETJSTEES.

J. B. Marlin-, T. B. Simpson-, W. B. Hardy, , V. D. Moody.

It. S. Faurklt.y, Chauxcey Taylor.



1



olicies issued and renewed, losses adjusted and paid, and the business of tins Bram
attended to with promptness and dispatch.

R. H. MACILL, Manager.

II. A. CRAIG, Secretary.



. W. HASKILL. Agent for Oakland: WAGNER & CO.. Agents for West Oakland: M. McDONALD,
Agent for Berkek - E. M. SMITH. Agent for Alameda. •







D"L . NriirVDTTJC* or principal



at 518 CLAY ST.. San Frr



John C Pelton, jr.

917 Broadway, Oakland,



RE 1' EKE y C rS-

Hon. A. J. Brya' -

H. Kohler,

P. H. Canavw

W. O. Burnet

Chas. E. Mc' ne <

O. E. Mayn "•.

Jos. G. Ec&*<

A. S. Hair 1 *'

P. B. CmfgK ,.

Gen. DaJ D -_ c °"°»"



AND




330 IP I IN" IE STIR,



Rooms 51 and 512,

SAN FRANC-
ACADEMY BUILDING. (Use Elevator.)



C D. WHEAT,
(i \ n



h fislaw and tjonoral Coin

No. 740 FOURTH STREET



San Francisco,



Berkeley Land Offic

Also, Berkeley Water Works Coi

OFFICE :

C. P. R. E. TERMINUS, - BERKELE



BERKELEY REAL ESTA



!R. JEl. Terminus,



Be



AGENT FIREMANS FUND INSURAN

Patronize a Solid Home Compan



BISHOP'S



1877-8.



CONTAINING A



BUSINESS DIRECTORY

STREET GUIDE,

A Correct Map of the City,



TuGKTHER WITH



A RECORD OF THE CITY GOVERNMENT,
Its Institutions, etc.



■ALSO A —



Directory of the town of Alameda.



B. O. YAXDALL, Publisher,

518 Clay St/, S. F.

13. IwT. BISHOP &c CO., OOlvt^PILERS.



W. B. HAKDY, Bookseller and Stationeb,
959 BROADWAY.

OAKLAND.



Entered according to Act of Congress, in the year 1877, by B. C. Yandall,
in the office of the Librarian of Congress at Washington, D. C.



563940



3 1223 04590 0959



INDEX TO ADVERTISERS.



Page.

Pelton John C. Jr inside front

cover and 531

Philadelphia Chemical Dyeing Works. 580

Phillips k Hochholzer 531

Piedmont Springs lower margin

Pioneer Carpet Beating Machine 384

Pioneer Carriage Works 567

Porch Henry H B

Remillard & Bros 638

Richards W. A 381

Robinson A 384

Robinson Henry 480

Roth J A

Russian Balsamic Bitters 599

Ruthardt Victor 480

Rutherford C. B side margin

San Francisco Gold and Silver Plating

Works 627

Sanford, Kelsey & Co side margin

Sanitarium Baths K

Schneider A.J 536

Sehoonover & Co N

Shepman W. E 627

Sherwin Joseph 531

Shuster & Niehaus 405

Sicotte F D

Simpson G. W 591

Slate W. E 408

Smith C. W. M 410



Page.

Smith William K

Sohst Brothers 567

Spring Menzo 532

St. Joseph's Academy 417

Stanford Stables B

Starkweather & Son 565

State Investment and Insurance Co. . . 597

Steele Jas. G. & Co 530

St'dz & Sturm 480

Sunny Side House 539

Surrvhne E. is Co 427

Taber I. W. k Co 429

Teubner & Hoffman E

Tubbs' Hotel 442

Union Livery Stable E

Van Voorhies k Brearty 533

Vandall B. C 479

Vice Martin 637

Walker T. L 598

Washington Brewery 542

Weeks Henry 567

Welscher & Westerman 542

West Berkeley Planing Mill 405

Wetmore J. L. k Co edsje of book

Wheat CD inside front cover

Whitney & Co 58i

Whitney A. D lower margin

Wouderlich J. P C

Woodward & Taggart upper margin



PUBLICATION OFFICE

Bishop's I}if£gtones

518 Clay St., San Francisco.



The following Directories are regularly issued, and for sale
at this office :

San Francisco, San Jose,

Oakland, Stockton,

California State Business Directory.

B. C. VANDALL, Publisher.



Directories of the principal cities in the United States are kept on hand
for the accommodation of patrons and friends, for free reference.



Additional Names, Removals, etc.,
Received too Late for Regular Insertion.



Arcade Printing House, Alfred Ulp manager, 454 Twelfth

Barrett Charles EL, master mariner, res N s Eighteenth bet
Grove and Castro

Barrett E. M. Mrs., homeopathic physician, res N s Eight-
eenth bet Grove and Castro

Borrelle & Vendeleers (J. D. Borrelle and H. Vendeleers)
tailors, 474 Eighth

Borrelle J. D. (Borrelle & Vendeleers) res 474 Eighth

Brown Ed. A., wood and coal, 410-412 Ninth, res 702 Web-
ster

Callaghan & Co. (J. Callaghan) real estate agents and col-
lectors, 414 Ninth

Caroe & Meyer (L. Caroe and Henry Meyer) shirt manufac-
turers, 1113 Broadway

Caroe L. (Caroe & Meyer) 1113 Broadway

Cordy & Warren (John J. Cordy and George Warren)
collectors, 414 Ninth

Cordy John J. (Cordy & Warren) res S. F.

Cornwall A , dentist, 1069 Broadway

Devoll G. B. Mrs., dressmaker, 1055 Broadway

Gamier P. B., printer, 454 Twelfth

Hochholzer Hugo (Phillips & Hochholzer) res S. F.

LAWRIE & WHITNEY (A. G. Lawrie and George E.
Whitney) searchers of records, 817 Broadway

Lawrie A. G. (Lawrie & Whitney) res SW cor Jackson and
Eleventh

Nelle William, butcher, 964 Broadway

PACIFIC STONE CO., F. Chappellet president, 907 Broad-
way

PELTON JOHN C. Jr., architect, 917 Broadway (and 330
Pine, S. F.) res 1510 Pine, S. F.

PHILLIPS & HOCHHOLZER (Henry,W. Phillips and Hugo
Hochholzer) architects and civil engineers, 1104 Broad-
way

Pjiillips Henry W. (Phillips & Hochholzer) res 1104 Broad-
way

Yan Arman Hiram M., correspondent S. F. Evening Post,
res 1520 Seventh

Vendeleers H. (Borrelle & Vendeleers) res First bet Broad-
way and Franklin



The City of Oakland.



This, the second city in population west of the Rocky
Mountains, is located on the Bay of San Francisco, north-
wardly from the mouth of San Antonio creek. Its area ex-
tends on the eastward to the foot-hills of the San Pablo
range of mountains. On the north, Temescal and Berkeley
lie as immediately contiguous suburbs, soon to be absorbed
within the limits of the rapidly expanding city. Piedmont
and Fruit Vale eastwardly, and Alameda on the south, are
parts of the future great city which shall cover the entire
space from the bay to the hills, and which, in pojmlation
and wealth, shall rank among the first on the continent.

The town of Oakland was incorporated in 1852, and so
rapid was its growth that it became a city in 1854, with a
population variously estimated at from one thousand to
fifteen hundred. Latterly the growth of the city has been
very rapid. The many natural advantages which she pos-
sesses, her charming scenery and delightful climate, her
excellent educational facilities, her easy and rapid communi-
cation with the present commercial metropolis, and above
all, her almost certain prospect, in the near future, of becom-
ing a great commercial and manufacturing mart, all have
combined to give an impetus to her growth which is simply
unparalleled. On other pages will be found references to
the varied institutions of the city, and details of interest
concerning real estate and building transactions for the year.

Oakland justly claims to be the natural railroad center of
California. This claim is not disputed, and its admittal
brings with it the correlative one that she is the natural
commercial center. With the necessary improvements in
her harbor, which the judicious expenditure of a moderate
sum will perfect, the commerce of the coast can find as com-
modious and less exposed anchorage at her wharves than at
the opposite side. If the tardy appropriation of a few thous-
and dollars annually by the national government, for the
improvement of the harbor, were to be supplemented by a
generous one of say a million dollars by the large real estate
owners on this side, the work could be speedily completed,
and a return of tenfold the investment be made to the
donors by the vast rise in real estate which the transfer of
the commerce of the Pacific to her wharves would immedi-
ately cause.



Improvements.

Since the last issue of the " Directory," we note a great
change in the appearance of Oakland. Where shanties
stood and encumbered the grounds, substantial business
houses or elegant residences have been erected. Streets
which were supposed, even by the most sanguine, to be
sacred to the uses of the domestic circle, and not at all
likely to be encroached upon by the inexorable law, which
says " trade overrides all things," have been invaded, the
occupants driven out and forced to seek homes elsewhere,
always, however to the great advantage of the owner. What
was residence property is so no longer, and what is residence
property is a question of uncertainty. " Business centres "
are being established all over the city. Center-street Sta-
tion is a most noticeable instance. Kohler's Block, a two-
story structure, with several stores below, occupies the
northern side of Seventh street, between Chester and Henry,
while on the opposite side of Seventh, upon that and the
two contiguous blocks not less than a dozen stores have been
opened, filled with various wares, embracing all the lines of
retail trade. On Eighth and Chester, all of the four corners
have been built up and first-class establishments opened.

At the " Point," thirty -six new buildings, devoted to the
uses of retailers, have been erected and occcupied.

Adeline-street Station shows much improvement, a num-
ber of substantial two-story houses having been built and
occupied for business purposes, while a large number of
residences have been erected.

At Market-street Station the Messrs. Abbott have built two
first class stores on Seventh, and Mr. Curtis is erecting a
block of large dimensions. All the diminutive, shabby
structures are to disappear from that neighborhood.

San Pablo avenue has improved rapidly. Not less than
seventy buildings have been erected on it within the year.

The opening of Grove street, through "Chinatown," will
make that a great thoroughfare, and the corners of Twenty-
sixth and Grove and Thirty-fourth and Grove are likely to
become business centres.

Improvements in East Oakland are on a scale commensu-
rate with the growth of the city. Elegant private residences
are being constructed, together with many cottages of more
moderate cost.

Out on Thirty-fourth, B and Haven streets, a business
centre is springing up. The Watt's tract is being rapidly
covered with stores and dwellings. One hundred and fifty



THE CITY OF OAKLAND. 9

houses have beeu erected on that tract which came into
market last Fall since the last issue of this work.

Substantial Business Structures. — During the year 1876
buildings for business purposes were erected in the City of
Oakland of a value approximating one million dollars.
Among the most prominent are the following: The Nicholl
Block, fronting on Ninth street 150 feet bv 100 on Washing-
ton, cost $70,000. The Oakland Bank 'of Savings Block
fronting on Broadway, side elevation on Twelfth, a brick
building, three stories in height, with basement, costing
$50,000. A three-story brick building fronting on Twelfth,
between Broadway and Washington, built by Mrs. Deining,
at an estimated cost of $33,000. The Block fronting on
Washington and Ninth, one hundred feet by eighty, three
stories, of brick, cost $50,000. A three-story brick building
100 by 75 feet, on the corner of Seventh and Washington,
by P. Bocquerez, administrator, Adeline Curdy owner.
This block cost fully $40,000. The Jurgen's Bmlding on
Broadway and Thirteenth. This is an elegant three-story
and basement brick structure, fronting 100 feet on Broad-
way and 100 feet on Thirteenth, costing $65,000. White &
Glenn's Block, on Broadway and Thirteenth streets, fronting
100 feet on Broadway and 100 on Thirteenth. This building
is of stone, brick and iron, and cost about $37,000. Snyder's
Block, fronting on Ninth, at the southeast corner of Wash-
ington. This building is of brick, is three stories in height,
and cost $30,000. F. Delger's Block, on Broadway, be-
tween Thirteenth and Fourteenth, containing eleven spacious
stores. This building is a one-story and basement of brick
and iron, erected upon a substantial foundation calculated
to support two or three additional stories. Its cost was
$30,000. George C. Potter's Block, at the intersection of
Broadway with San Pablo avenue at Fourteenth street. This
is a two-story structure, built with all the appliances of
modern architectural skill; contains ten stores, with base-
ments, and cost about $50,000. Mechanics' Association Block,
at the intersection of Broadway with Telegraph avenue. A
portion of this block is three stories in height, and the
remainder two stories, all with basements of brick and stone,
the superstructure being of wood with brick subdivision
walls. The block contains ten stores, and about sixty
upper rooms. Its cost was about $50,000. Teutonia Hall,
on the north side of eighth between Broadway and Franklin,
is a two-story brick structure, costing about $12,000.
Buhsen's brick building, two stories in height, on Seventh
street, at the Point Station, cost $15,000. Dunn's building



10 OAKLAND DIRECTORY.

on Twelfth street, east of Broadway, of brick, two stories,
cost $15,000.

Public Buildings. — Among the more prominent buildings
of a public character erected during 1876, we may mention
the ferry buildings of the Central Pacific Railroad, at the
foot of Broadway; cost unknown, but probably about $50,000.
The First Methodist Episcopal Church, corner Clay and
Fourteenth streets, completed, cost $40,000. The Church
of the Seventh Day Adventists, corner Clay and Thirteenth
streets, cost $10,500. A brick Engine house on East Four-
teenth and Thirteenth avenue, $6000. A brick Engine
house at Oakland Point, on Eighth street between Campbell
and Willow, $3500. The Masonic Hall of West Oakland,
corner Seventh and Willow streets, cost $15,000. The Odd
Fellows' Hall, Orion Lodge, East Twelfth street and Eleventh
avenue, $6000, besides a number of others of lesser note.

Additions and enlargements to the several manufacturing
establishments of the city have been made at an estimated
cost of $50,000.

Dwellings. — One thousand one hundred and fifty-six
dwelling houses were erected within the limits of the City
of Oakland during the year, and above two hundred in the
outlying suburban districts. The range of cost of these
dwelling is from $15,000 to $400; very few so low as the lat-
ter figure and but a limited number approximating the for-
mer. A very large proportion, however, ranged from $1500
to $3000 each, with a good sprinkling of eighth, nine and
ten thousand dollar mansions and villas. Of cottages cost-
ing not far from a thousand dollars each, there were built
about four hundred. Personal interviews and comparison
of notes, with all the leading architects, builders, and real
estate improvers of the city have led us to place the cost
value of residences erected during the year 1876 at two mil-
lion three hundred and twenty thousand dollars, exclusive of
ornamentations of grounds.

In addition to the prominent business structures noticed
above, there were built one hundred and twent} r -seven
stores and shops (mostly of wood) in various parts of the city
at a probable cost of $90,000. Summary : The result of one
year's building operation in Oakland maybe summarized thus :

No. Cost

Large Business Structures 24 $1,000,000

Minor " " 127 90,000

Public Buildings 18 225,000

Manufacturing Purposes 50,000

Dwellings 1156 2.320,000

Total Value of Improvements $3,685,000



THE CITY OF OAKLAND. 11



The Present and Future.

As great as was the growth of Oakland in 1876, appear-
ances indicate that a larger number of houses will be built
during the present year than last. In whatever direction
we look we observe new structures springing up, not exactly
as by magic in a night, but with a celerity that approaches
it. The Watts' tract is becoming rapidly covered with cot-
tages aud shops. A large number of elegant residences are
in course of construction in the vicinity of Eighteenth,
Nineteenth, Jefferson and Grove streets, and improvements
in the vicinity of all the stations of the local railway are
exceedingly brisk. Not less than five hundred houses, of
various classes, have been commenced since the opening of
the year. The hard times generally complained of seems
to stimulate the investment of surplus capital in property
that cannot fail to be profitable, and is undeniably safe. It
was asserted by a prominent house owner to the writer of
this, that large buildings combining stores beneath, with
ample and numerous rooms for residence, office or lodging
purposes above, were remunerative even if all the stores
remained unrented, such was the demand for and certainty
of occupancy of the upper floors.

All the numerous architects of the city have their port-
folios filled with plans for large business structures or costly
residences, many of which are designed for San Francisco
capitalists, who show the recognition of an undoubted faith
in the future of Oakland by building here in preference to
San Francisco. It is probable that some of these extensive
contemplated improvements may be delayed by the present
depreciation in mining shares, but the delay will be only
temporary, and will tend in time to results much greater
than if stocks had been held up to excessive and fabulous
prices, subject to disastrous fluctuations. The solid busi-
ness men of both cities are becoming fully aware that one
of the most populous cities of the United States is to be
builded, and very rapidly too, between the waters of San
Francisco Bay and the San Pablo range of hills, and are
governing themselves accordingly.

Among a few of the improvements contemplated and in
progress at the present, are Kohler & Chase's three story
brick block, on the corner of Washington and Ninth streets.
This building will be fifty by one hundred feet, with base-
ment, and will be constructed in the most substanial man-
ner. The estimated cost is fifty thousand dollars.

Dr. Samuel Merritt is building, on the corner of Twelfth



12



OAKLAND DIRECTORY.



and Franklin streets, a building which, when completed,
will be one of the largest and most magnificent business
structures in the city. It is one hundred feet square, and
will be three stories in height above a spacious basement.
There are few buildings in any of our Western cities that
excel in size, design and cost this progressing block. The
cost is estimated at from one hundred thousand to one
hundred and twenty-five thousand dollars.

The Germania Association are proceeding rigorously in
the construction of a magnificent building, to be known as
Germania Halle. It is located on the east side of Webster
street, between Sixth and Seventh. The building will be of
wood, three stories in height, above a basement of brick,
its ground dimensions being seventy-five front by one hund-
red and thirty feet in depth. Its cost will not be far from
forty thousand dollars, and it will be the largest hall of a
similar nature in the State.

Greens' Block, on Broadway, between Twelfth and Thir-
teenth streets, will be fifty feet front by a depth of one
hundred, will be of brick, iron and stone, fire-proof, four
stories in height and will cost about fortj'-five thousand
dollars.

An elegant building fronting fifty feet on Twelfth street,
with a depth of one hundred feet will be erected A. Martin.
It will be three stories high, and its estimated cost is thirty
thousand dollars.

A. C. Henry, Esq., the banker, has in a forward state of
progress a substantial brick block seventy-five feet front by
ninety feet in depth, on Ninth street, between Broadway
and Washington. The front walls of this massive structure
will be fifty-five feet high. The building is of brick with
basement, is three stories and will cost about forty thousand
dollars.

J. L. Wetmore, a prominent real estate dealer, of Oak-
land, will build an immense three story frame, ninety feet by
one hundred, on the corner of Eighth and Clay streets, at a
cost of twenty-five thousand dollars.

In addition to the above list a large number of business
houses of more moderate dimensions are in progress.

From a general view of the ground and personal inter-
views with the principal builders and dealers in building
materials of the city, it is withoiit hesitation that we place
the probable cost of building improvements in Oakland at a
figure not lower than three millions and five hundred thous-
and dollars for the current year ending with the advent of
1878.



THE CITY OF OAKLAND. 13



Real Estate.

Oakland is to day the campaign ground for real estate op-
eration on the Pacific Coast. Greater activity prevails both
in business and residence property here than in any other
city on the coast, not excepting San Francisco. We might
say also, if the saying may not seem to savor of the spirit of
boasting, that no city within the broad expanse of the United
States can show such growth, and such substantial apprecia-
tion of values as Oakland, during a period dating back one,
two or three years. Especially during 1876, a season of
general depression in real estate on the Pacific Coast, did
Oakland not only maintain but largely enhance her values
both for business and residence property.

TABLE SHOWING REAL ESTATE SALES FKOM 1867 TO 1876 INCLUSIVE I



1867 $1,685,237

1868 2,700,038

1869 2,518,315

1870 2,294,534

1871 2,074,163



1872 $2,459,015

1873 2,439,595

1874 3,042,371

1875 4,076,821

1876 7,711,545



It will be seen that the sales for 1876 exceed those of 1874
and 1875 combined, and more than equal those of any three
years previous to 1874 aggregated. During the same period
the real estate sales of San Francisco amounted to $24,000,000.
This shows that the volume of transactions in Oakland is
one-third as large as that of the great commercial metropolis
of the Pacific coast. At its present ratio of development
but a few years will pass before the real estate sales of Oak-
land will exceed those of the peninsula

It will be of interest to our readers to observe, from the
authority of a reliable real estate firm, the actual prices of
real estate in open market in various locations at the present
writing. To those who preserve copies of this Directory
from year to year it may be of value and certainly will be of
interest in future years to glance backward, take a retrospec-
tive view and make comparisons. The figure which Oakland
real estate brings in the market now may ten years hence
appear exceedingly small, as the figures of ten years ago now
appear to the reviewer. In the year of our Lord 1877 the
choicest business property in Oakland will sell for eight
hundred dollars per front foot. Corner lots fronting on
Broadway between Seventh and Fourteenth streets are re-
garded as the choicest and most valuable property. The
constant throng which passing to and from the local trains
at short intervals from morn till noon, from noon till dewy
eve, and from that time on till midnight renders Broadway
the paradise of retailers. The ground upon which a corner



14



OAKLAND DIRECTORY,



store of twenty-five feet frontage stands in this locality there-
fore commands twenty thousand dollars, equivalent to a
ground rent of two thousand dollars per annum. However,
there are locations here which cannot be purchased for any
sum within the reasonable limits of its present or prospective
value.

Next in the scale of value for purposes of trade comes
Washington street. The best lots on this rapidly improving
thoroughfare command about $325 per front foot. Many
fine improvements were made on Washington street last year
and many others are in progress. It is beginning to divide
the vast crowd from the trains with Broadway. It is really
more agreeable and convenient for dwellers out north to take
Washington street. Its property has rapidly enhanced in
value of late in consequence of the frequently uncomfortably
crowded condition of Broadway, and the opening of several
new establishments of retail trade on Washington. Clay
street property, choice corners, command $150 perfront foot.

A lot on Broadway, at the corner of First street, 60 feet



Online LibraryD.M. Bishop & CoBishop's Oakland directory for .. (Volume 1877-78) → online text (page 1 of 53)