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five incarnations of, 222 ; heaven of
attained by Kshatriyas, 230; welcomes
Arjuna in Swarga, 256, 257; praises
his warrior son, 258 ; adored by the
Pandavas, 259; takes Kama's armour
and ear-rings, 262 ; Kama uses wea-
pon of, 301; at horse sacrifice of, 318;
welcomes Yudhishthira to paradise and
tests, 324 et seq. ; Pandavas and Kau-
ravas in paradise of, 327; in story of
Nala, 331 ; a suitor of Damayanti, 332
et seq. ; at Dasaratha's horse sacrifice,
376-7 ; appeal of to Brahma and Vishnu
against Ravana, demon king, 377 ;
becomes an ape, 377; Bali, ape king,
son of, 411.

Indrajit (ind-ra'jit), the Rakshasa, in
Ceylon war, 419 et seq.

Indrani (ind-ran'ee), wife of Indra, 17.

Indra-prastha (indra-prast'ha), Pandavas
build, 224, 225 ; Arjuna returns to,
228.

Indus river, the sea and, 83, 84.

Infanticide, in ancient and modern
India, 60.

Inspiration, to draw in a spirit, 85.

"Iranian period", a convenient term,
xxxi.

Iranian plateau as Aryan racial cradle,
xix.

Iravat (eer'a-vat), son of Arjuna and
serpent nymph Ulupf, 226; in great
war, 286 et seq. ; fall of, 293.

Ireland, doctrine of ages of universe
in, xliv, noef seq. ; transmigration of
souls belief in, xliv ; Tuan MacCarell
legend in, ill et seq.; Milesians of
descended from god of death, ill;
prejudice against pork in, 136.

Iron, early Ayro-Indians and, 77.

Iron Age, in Indian, Greek, and Celtic
mythologies, 107 et seq. ; the "Black
Age " in India, 108, 109 ; in Greek



mythology, 109, no; in Celtic my-
thology, 1 10 et seq.

Isaiah, sacrifices condemned by, 132.

Ishtar (ish'tar), 13; bird-like spirits in
legend of, 75.

Isis (I'sis), festival of, xliii ; Indian god-
dess Kali like, 150; as joint mother
of Osiris, 229 n.

"Islands of the Blest", 59.

Italians, Brahmans resemble, xxvii.

Ivory, Solomon got from India, 84.

"Jack and Jill", as carriers of moon

mead, 36.
Jag'ganath (Juggernaut), a Vishnu

trinity, 136, 137; car of, 137.
Jain'ism, Upanishadic teachings and,

120; Vishnu prominent before rise of,

124; origin of and doctrines of, 133,

134-

Jamshid of Fitzgerald's Omar, 40.

Janaka (jan'aka), Rama breaks Shiva's
bow before, 382, 383.

Janeckpoor, 382 n.

Jara, the household fairy, at birth of
Jarasandha, 229.

Jarasandha (ja-ra-sund'ha), the rajah,
has two mothers like Osiris, 229; the
slaying of, 229-31.

Jatayus (jata'yus), king of vultures,
attempt to rescue Sita from Ravana,
406, 407 ; Rama finds, 409 ; revela-
tion and death of, 410; brother of
helps Rama, 413.

Jayadratha (jay-a-drat'ha.), the rajah,
attempts to carry off Draupadi, 262 ;
Bhima makes him a slave, 263 ; in
great war, 297 ; fall of, 299, 30x3.

Jewel, the great, 311; the magic life-
giving, 315.

Jones, Sir W., views of on Aryan
problem, xix.

Jord (yerd), mother of Thor, 13.

Jotuns (y^'toons), the Indian, 64, 65.

Jubainville, on world ages doctrine in
Greek and Celtic mythologies, no
et seq.

Juggernaut. zzjagganath.

Jumna river, mentioned in late Rigvedic
period, 76, 83 ; Krishna as babe
causes miracle at, 128, 129.

Jupiter, 3; the Indian, 12.

Justice, lord of, Yama as, 57. See
Dharma.

Ka, the great unknown, 98.



INDEX



445



Faegi Adolf, on Vritra and "weather",
8 ; rain-charm hymn, 37.

Kaikeyi (ky-kay-yee'), wife of Dasaratha,
376 ; Bharata, son of, 378 ; plot
against Rama, 384 et seq. ; Kama
exiled, 388; anger of Bharata, 396
et seq.

Kaila'sa, mountain of Shiva, 146 ; Ar-
juna visits Shiva on, 255, 256.

Kali (kal'e), the demon in Nala story, 67;
personification of Kali Yuga, 338;
plots against Nala, 338, 339 ; enters
Nala and causes ruin of, 340, 341 ;
causes Nala to desert wife, 344 ; ser-
pent poisons, 353 ; ejected by Nala,
362.

Kali (ka'lee), the goddess, wife of Shiva,
xl ; like Egyptian and Scottish deities,
xli, 150; as earth mother, 149; as
slayer of enemies of gods, 149, 150.

Kali Yuga, the Black or Evil Age, 104,
108, 109; in Greek and Celtic my-
thologies, 109 et seq.

Kalk'i, the white horse incarnation of
Vishnu, 137.

Kalpa, a "day" of Brahma, 105.

Kamadeva (ka-ma-deva), the love god,
in story of the sun maiden, 72; the
love god, Shiva consumes, 146; son
of Vishnu and Lakshmi, 151.

Kands tribe, exogamy in, 60.

Kansa, King of Mathura, 128.

Kanva, the Brahman, in the Shakuntala
story, 158 et seq.

Karkotaka (karkota'ka), Naga serpent
demi - god, 65 ; the serpent king,
Narada's curse, 353; rescued by Nala,

. 354-

Kama, xlviii; Scef and Agni myths and,
21; the son of Surya, sun god, and
Pritha, 174; babe set adrift in basket,
1 74 ; found by Radha in country of
Anga, 176; rival of Arjuna at the
tournament, 189, 190 ; challenges
Arjuna, 191; made a rajah by Kau-
ravas, 192; is put to shame by Pan-
davas, 193; the ally of Duryodhana,
194; rejected at Draupadi's swayam-
vara, 216; combat with Arjuna, 218,
219; at the gambling match, 240 et
seq. ; advises Duryodhana to spy on
exiled Pandavas, 259; vows to slay
Arjuna, 261; Indra takes away celes-
tial armour of, 262 ; plots against
Pandavas, 269; at Hastinapur confer-
ence, 274 et seq. ; Krishna's interview



with, 282; Pritha reveals secret of
birth to, 283 ; refuses to desert the
Kauravas, 283, 284; refusal to fight
while Bhishma is leader of Kauravas,
286; comes to fight after Bhishma's
fall, 296 ; slays Ghatotkacha with
Indra's weapon, 301 ; becomes leader
of Kauravas, 302; combat with Ar-
juna and fall of, 304, 305 ; perform-
ance of funeral rites for, 312; in
Indra's heaven, 327.

Kartikeya (kartik'eya), the war god,
152. '

Kasi, Aryan tribe, xxxix; association of
with Benares, 155; identification of
with Kassitos, 155, 156; king of,
three daughters of captured by Bhish-
ma, 169.

Kassites, their origin obscure, xxix;
Aryans enter Babylon with, 3; asso-
ciated with Aryans in Babylon, 62;
identification of with Kasis of Benares,

155, 156.

Kas'yapa, the pole star, 145.

Kauravas (kow'ravas), as the Kurus,
156; sons of Dhritarashtra, 177; as
youthful rivals of the Pandavas, 177
et seq. ; rivalries at the tournament, 185
et seq. ; failure of to defeat Drupada,
195, 196; first exile of their rivals,
198 etseq.\ raj divided with Pandavas,
224; at Pandava imperial sacrifice,
232 et seq. ; the gambling match with
Pandavas, 237 et seq. ; feasted by
exiled Pandavas, 260 ; attack on
Virata, 267; Arjuna defeats, 268;
declare Pandavas' exile not ended,
268 ; opposed to Pandavas' return
after exile, 270 et seq. ; preparations
for war, 273 et seq. ; conference at
Hastinapur, 273 et seq. ; war breaks
out, 285 et seq. ; mourning for and
funeral rites, 310 et seq. ; return of the
dead, 320, 321; in Indra's paradise,

325-7.

Kausalya (kow'sal-ya), wife of Dasa-
ratha, 376; Rama son of, 378; Rama's
exile, 390 et seq. ; death of Dasaratha,
396; Bharata comforts, 397.

Keats, John, 25.

Keith, Dr., on Vedic burial customs,
xxxii, l68w.

Kesin (kay'sin), leads Asuras against
Indra, 64.

Khnumu (knoo'moo), of Egypt, Indian
Ribhus like, II; the Egyptian god,



446



INDIAN MYTH AND LEGEND



chaos-egg myth in India and Egypt,

101.

Khonds tribe, human sacrifice in, 88.
Kichaka (kee-chak'a, ch as in change),

loves Draupadi and Bhima slays, 267.
"King of the Elements", the Gaelic,

87.

Kings, in the Vedic Age, 78.
" Kinsman ", the, Vishnu as, 123.
Knowledge, salvation by, doctrine of

in Bhagavad-gita, 126 et seq.
Kosala, Eastern Aryan kingdom, xxxix;

Dasaratha, Ramas' father, rajah of,

375-

Kripa (kreepa), miraculous birth of,
192 .; night slaughter in Pandava
camp, 307-9.

Krishna (krish'na), evidence of Greek
ambassador, Megasthenes, regarding,
122; an avatara of Vishnu, 125; doc-
trines of his Bhagavad-gita (Divine
Song), 126 et seq. ; a son of Vasudeva,
128; father escapes with at birth, 128;
the shepherd-lover of Gopis (milk-
maids), 129; Juggernaut and, 136, 137;
as teacher of Vaishnava faith, 138,
139; worship of Shiva by, 146; bride
of an incarnation of Lakshmi, 149;
nephew of Queen Pritha, 173; at
swayamvara of Draupadi, 215 et seq.;
gifts of to Pandavas, 223; Arjuna
visits during exile, 226; Arjuna weds
Subhadra, sister of, 227 ; expedition
against Jarasandha, 229-31; at Pan-
dava imperial sacrifice, 231, 232;
slays Sishupala, rajah of Chedi, 233,
234 ; Sishupala an incarnation of
Shiva, 234 . ; visits Pandavas during
second exile, 251; at Abhimanyu's
wedding, 269; at meeting of Pandava
allies, 270 et seq. ; promise to be Ar-
juna's charioteer, 273 ; as spokesman
for Pandavas, 275 ; visit to Hastina-
pur, 276, 277; pleads with Kauravas
for peace, 278; reproves Duryodhana,
280; plot to seize and transformation
of, 281; departure from Hastinapur,
282; prophecy regarding the great
war, 286 ; instruction of to Arjuna,
287, 288 ; miracle by on battlefield,
300; the Arjuna-Karna combat, 304,
305; at horse sacrifice, 317, 318, 319;
closing days of and death, 322 et seq.

Krita Yuga, length of, 104, 107; the
White Age, 108, 109; in Greek and
Celtic mythologies, 109 et seq.



Kritana, " the finisher", Yama is, 42.

Kritavar'man, night slaughter in Pan-
dava camp, 307-9; slain by Satyaki,
322.

Kshatriya caste. See Caste.

Kshat'riyas, the red, xxv; aristocratic
caste, gods as Kshatriyas, 14; Brah-
mans become greater than, 84; origin
of caste of in Purusha myth, 89;
Buddhism and Jainism originate
among, 120, 132; Brahmans achieve
spiritual dominion over, 121, 136;
destroyed by Vishnu's warrior incar-
nation, 136; Vishwamitra raised to
Brahman caste, 154; Gandharva mar-
riage for, 1 60.

Kiibera, god of treasure, Bhima's jour-
ney to region of, 105; Bhima reaches
lotus lake of, 109. See Knvera.

Kumbha-Kama (koom'bha-kar'na), the
sleeping giant, 419; slain by Rama,
420.

Kurds, Armenians contrasted with, xxii;
as descendants of Aryan raiders,
xxxviii.

Kurma (koor'ma), king of tortoises, 143.

Kuru (koo'roo), the tribe called, united
with the Panchala tribe, 155.

Kuru, King, as son of sun maiden and
rajah Samvarna, 74, 156, 164.

Kuru-Kshetra, country of the Kurus
and famous battlefield of, 155, 156;
Pandavas and Kauravas assemble for
battle, 286.

Kuru-Panchalas, kingdom of, xxxix;
doctrinal influence of, xliv; late in-
vasion of and nation of, 155; wars of
in epic narrative, 156.

Kurus, the Kauravas of epic fame, 156.

Kiisa, son of Rama and Sita, 426.

Kushna (koosh'na), the demon, ''the
scorcher ", 66.

Kiivera, the heaven of, 59; demoniac
hosts of, 68; like the Germanic
Laurin, 251; Pandavas behold dwell-
ing of, 258; advice of to Yudhish-
thira, 258. See Ktibera.

Laksh'mana, xlviii ; son of Duryodhana,
in great war, 291, 292.

Laksh'mana, brother of Rama, 378 ;
goes against demons, 379-81; goes
into exile with Rama, 392 et seq. ;
story of the hag Surpa-nakha, 400
et seq, ; the golden deer, 404; rape of
Sita, 405 et seq. ; searches with Rama



INDEX



447



for Sita, 408; revelation of the vulture

king, 409 ; conflict with headless

demon, 410; among the apes, 411 et

seq.; in the Ceylon war, 418 et seq.;

Sita's second banishment, 426.
Lakshmi (laksh'mee), an earth goddess,

xl; origin of in sea of milk, 144; as

love goddess and Sri, 149; mother of

the love god, 151; as daughter of

Daksha, the rishi, 153, 154; Rukmini

an incarnation of, 234 n. ; Sita as, 427.
Lamb, sacrifice of in Devon, &c., and

India, xlii.

Land laws, in Vedic period, 78.
"Land of the Fathers", paradise as,

39-41, 42 et seq.
Language, indication of nationality not

race, xxiii.
"Language of Birds", significance of

belief regarding, 75.
Lanka (Ceylon), Ravana, demon king

of, 65, 66, 377 et seq.
Lapps, fairies and elves as, 70 et seq.
"Last battle", in Teutonic and Indian

lore, 65.
Latham, Dr. Robert Gordon, views of

on Indo-European problem, xx.
Laurin (law-reen), the rose garden of,

251.

Lava, son of Rama and Sita, 426.
Leopard. Shiva wears skin of, 147.
Life, essence of, soma as, 37; sanctity

of in Buddhism, 132; "cut off",

belief regarding "the man in the eye"

(soul), 42; air of (see Air of life}.
Life, water of. See IVater of life,

Moisture of life, Mead of gods.
Life blood, spirit identified with, 37.
Life of life, the Brahma. See World

soul.
Lightning, Shiva a god of, 146. See

Agni, Indra, and Mantis.
Lincolnshire, the "gad whip" in, xlii.
Lion, horse for sacrifice becomes a, 314.
Lioness, King Bharata suckled by a, 161.
Lions, Bharata as tamer of, 161.
Liquors, intoxicating, made by early

Ayro-Indians, 77.
Literature, god of, Ganesa as, 151.
Lithuanian language, xx, xxi.
Loke (lo'ke), Dadyak the Indian, 12, 16.
"Long heads" in India, xxv, xxvi;

burial customs of, xxxv.
Lotus, Prajapati rises from like the

Egyptian Horus, 101 ; Brahma rises

from, 124.



Lotuses, the celestial, Bhima's journey

for, 105 et seq.
Love, charms for, 86.
Love god, consumed by Shiva, 146;

son of Vishnu and Lakshmi, names

of, 151.

Luck, water spirits the source of, 148.
"Lunar Race", tribe of Bharatas as,

xxxix ; King Bharata and descendants

belong to, 157 et seq.
Lunar worship, rebirth and, 117.

Macalister, Professor, xxxviii n.

MacCulloch, Colonel, stamped out
infanticide, 60.

Macdonell, Professor, date of Aryan
invasion of India, xxx ; on Vedic
burial customs, xxxii ; on origin of
transmigration theory, xliii, 116; on
Ribhus, II; on moon bowl, 12; on
Vayu, 25; on "path of fathers " and
" path of the gods ", 39; Yama hymn,
40; on monotheism of Mithra cult,
41, 87 n. ; on Upanishadic doctrines,
88; the Kuru and Puru tribes, 155.

Macdonell and Keith, on Dasa and
Dasyu, 7

Macpherson, Major, infanticide custom,
60.

Ma.da.ri, the love god, 151.

Mad'hyadesa. See Middle country.

Mad'ra, in story of Savitri, 44.

Madras, human sacrifices in, 88.

Madri (mad'ree), Queen, wife of King
Pandu, 173; purchase of, 175; mother
of two Pandavas, 176; performs suttee,
177.

Maghad'ha, Eastern Aryan kingdom,
xxxix.

Magical control of gods and nature, 80,
84.

Magical formulas, in Atharvaveda, 85 ;
in Scotland, 86 n.

Magyar language, xix.

Mahabharata (maha"bha"rata), the, hero
songs beginning of, xlvi ; heroes and
heroines of, xlvii ; villains of, xlviii ;
cattle harrying in, 4 n. ; Indra- Vritra
battle in, 7 et seq.; Ruru and Savitri
tales from, 43 et seq. ; descriptions of
the various heavens in, 57-9; religious
need for a son in, 59, 60; Rakshasas
like gorillas in, 66; demoniac Var-
tikasin, 68; purpose of horse sacrifices
in, 92; smoke cleanses sins, 93;
world's ages (yugas) in, 105; Mar-



INDIAN MYTH AND LEGEND



kandeya's account of the yugas
(world's ages) in, 112 et seq.; Vishnu
and Brahma in, 123; early myths in,
124; Bhagavad-gita (Divine Song)
in, 125 et seq. ; Krishna appendix
to, 129; history of Brahmanism en-
shrined in, 138; furnishes knowledge
regarding Brahma, 139; Markandeya's
account of the Deluge in, 140 et seq. ;
"Churning of the Ocean" in, 142;
Shiva worshipped by Krishna in, 146;
Shiva's gift of weapons in, 146;
Vyasa as author of, 154; Kuru-
Kshetra battlefield in Kuru country,
155; founded on tribal hero songs:
heroes of, 156; compared with Iliad
and date of origin of, 1 56 ; story of,
157 et seq.', Pandavas favoured in,
ijSn.

Maha deva (maha'dayva), Shiva as, 146.

Maha-rishis (maha'reesh"es), 102. See
Rishis, the Celestial.

" Maltese cross" in Elam and Babylon,

155. ISO-
Man, the first, Purusha as, 89; like the

Teutonic Ymer, 90; like Chinese P'an

Ku and Egyptian Ptah, 90;;.
" Man in the eye", the, soul as, 42.
Managarm, Teutonic moon devourer,

Rahu the Indian, 64, 142.
Man'asa, snake goddess, 152.
Mandapala (manda'pala), the childless

Rishi, refused entry to heaven, 59.
Mandara mountain, in "Churning of

the Ocean " myth, 143.
Mani (man'ee), Germanic moon god,

36.

Manipur, Arjuna weds princess of, 226.

Man'mat"ha, the love god, 151.

Mannus, Teutonic patriarch, 23.

Mant'hara, the hunchback, plots against
Rama, 385 et seq. ; Satrughna desires
to slay, 397.

Manu t laws of, reincarnation in, 13;
Narayana creation myth in, 101 et
seq. ; celestial Rishis in, 102 ; trans-
migration doctrine in, 117; Gand-
harva marriage legalized in, 160; the
Niyoga custom, 171 ; second mar-
riages unlawful in, 369 n.

Manu (man'oo), patriarch of Agni wor-
shippers, 23; Yamaand, 39 n. ; epony-
mous ancestor of mankind, 101; dif-
ferent forms of, 102 ; in vedas and
epics, 140; the story of the fish and
the Deluge, 140 et seq.



Manus, the seven and fourteen, 102; four-
teen reign during "day of Brahma",
105.

Mara, the love god, 151.

Maricha, the Rakshasa of Ceylon, Rama
drives over ocean, 381 ; as the golden
deer, 403 ; Rama slays, 404, 405.

Marichi (ma'reech-ee, ch as in each), the
rishi,the grandfather of Vishnu's dwarf
incarnation, 154.

Markandey'a, long-lived Indian sage,
1 12 et seq. ; visit of to Pandavas during
exile, 259.

Marriage customs, the choice of Savitri,
45, 46; capture, 60; Gandharva mar-
riage, 160; Bhishma on various modes,
169; his capture of king's three daugh-
ters, 169, 170; Draupadi becomes
joint wife of Pandavas, 222, 223 ;
Arjuna and Ulupf, and princess
of Manipur, and Subhadra, 226-8;
second marriages unlawful, 369 n.

Mars, horse sacrificed to, 92, 93.

Maruts (mar'oots), Indra's attendants,
5; in battle, 5, 6; Vayu and, 25;
Rudras and, 26; in Indra's heaven,
58; at Dasaratha's horse sacrifice,

337:

Matali, Indra's chariot driver, 256, 258,

259-

Maternity, Sasti goddess of, 152, 153.

Mathematics, Brahmans and study of, 83.

Mat'hura, Krishna and king of, 128.

May customs, Burials burn house of
dead, xxxiv ; " ram feast " of Devon,
xlii.

Mead, the early Ayro-Indian, 77.

Mead of the gods (see Amrita and
Soma], Teutonic and Hindu giants
and, 36; as "water of life", 37.

Mediator, the, Mithra as, 30, 31.

Mediterranean race, xxvii ; Brahmans
of, xxviii; the new Biahmanical Pan-
theon, xl. See also Brown race.

Mediterranean racial type and customs
in Britain, xlii.

Megas'thenes, the Greek ambassador in
India, evidence of regarding Vishnu,
Shiva, and Krishna, 122.

Memphis (mem'fis), "Hammer god"

of, 3> 139-

Menaka, the Apsara, 43, 69, 159, 160.
Merodach, Babylonian god, in creation

myth, 90.

Meru (may'roo), 17. See Mount Meru,
Mesopotamia, Aryan gods in, 62.



INDEX



449



" Metal of heaven", iron the, 77.

Metaphysical thought, Brahmans and,
82.

Metempsychosis, doctrine of. See Trans-
migration of souls.

Mexico, ancient, 90.

"Middle Country" (Madhyadesa) of
Northern India, xxxix; tribal struggles
and hero songs of, xlvi; early Ayro-
Indians in, 76, 83; centre of Brah-
inanic culture, 88; held by Panchalas,

155;

Milesian Age, in Irish mythology, no

et seq.

Milk, Ocean of. See Sea of Milk.

Milkmaids (Gopis), Krishna and the,
129.

Milky Way, Arjuna travels by to Indra's
heavens, 69, 256.

Mimer, the " wonder smith ", Twashtri
like, 4; well of, 37.

Mind, identified with soul, 101.

Miner'va, Saraswati as, 149.

Missionaries, the Buddhist, 133.

Mitanni (mi-tan'ee), Aryan settlement
in, xxix; names of kings, xxx; kings
as overlords of Assyria, xxx; deities
of, xxxi, xxxii; military autocracy of,
xxxvi; Kurds descendants of Aryans
of, xxxviii, xxxix; Indra "hammer
god" of, 3; Aryanized kingdom of,
31; Agni not a god in, 32; Mitra,
Varuna, Indra, and Nasatya gods of,
32; Aryan kings as overlords of As-
syria, 62.

Mithila (mit'hila), Janaka, father of
Sita, rajah of, 375.

Mithra, in Vedic Age, xxxi; in Asia
Minor, xxxii, 28; in Babylonian and
Persian mythologies, 29; the Assyrian
" metru ", 30; as a "corn god", 30;
as the mediator, 30, 31 ; as Fitzgerald's
Jamshid (Yima), 40; monotheism of
cult of, 41.

Mit'ra (Mithra), in Vedic Age, xxxi; in
Asia Minor, xxxii; identified with
Agni, 22; associated with Varuna, 28;
as protector of hearth and home, 29;
as Babylonian sun god, 29; Assyrian
and Persian clues, 30; a god of Mi-
tanni, 32; Surya as " the eye " of, 33;
identified with Jamshid (Yirna), 40;
influenced by Babylonian beliefs, 40;
plays flute in Paradise, 41; as an
Asura, 61; god of the overlords of
Assyria,

(C569)



Mohammedans, number of in India,



xvni.



Moisture of life, saliva as, 37; creative
tears of Prajapati, loo, 101.

Monastic orders, the Buddhist, Egyptian,
and Christian, 133.

Money, name of coin derived from
necklet, 78.

Mongolians, in India, xxv, xxvi, xxvii,
xxviii; Turki and Ugrian tribes, xxix;
"Father right" among, xxxi; burial
customs of, xxxiv; horse sacrifice
among, 90; cremation ceremony de-
scribed, 91.

Monotheism, Mithra's cult and, 41.

Moon, worship of, xl; doctrine of trans-
migration and, 117; standing stones
visited by women at phases of, 147;
as source of growth and moisture
(water of life), 37; as ripener of crops,
35; influence of on animate and in-
animate nature, 35; mead of Teutonic
and Hindu gods in, 36, 142 et seq.;
horse sacrifice and phase of, 92, 313;
race of the. King Bharata and de-
scendants of, 157 et seq.; Damayanti
compared to, 356; gender of in Europe
and Africa, 356 n, 357 n.

Moon bowl, Twashtri shapes, 12.

Moon bride, 356.

Moon devourer, Rahu in India, dragon
in China, and the wolf in Teutonic
lore, 64, 144.

Moon god addressed with Rudra, 28; as
sire of the sun, 29; Chandra as, 35;
marriage of with sun maid, 37; Shiva
as, 146.

Morocco, blondes in, xxix.

Mosso, A. , broad heads invade Europe,

XXXV.

Mother, the great, worship of, 13; in
India, 148; Lakshmi as, 149.

Mother earth, invoked at burials, 115,
116.

" Mother of the Vedas", Vach as, 149.

"Mother right", recognized by brown
(Mediterranean) race, xxx.

Mothers, the, Agni has ten, 20 ; two
of Rajah Jarasandha, 229; and of
Osiris, 229 n.

Moulton, Professor, on Mithra's origin,
30, 40 w; 41.

Mountain, the holy, addressed by Dama-
yanti, 347.

Mountain giants, theory of origin of, 71.

Mount Mem (may'roo), Indra's heaven

32



450



INDIAN MYTH AND LEGEND



on, 4; Pandava princes journey to,

324 et seq.
Muir's Sanskrit texts, xxv, 39 , 101 ;

on Yugas, 104, 105 n.
Miiller, Dr. Sophus, introduction into

Europe of cremation rite, xxxv.
Miiller, Max, his Aryan term, xx; on

Aryan racial cradle, xxi ; on Aryan

language and race problem, xxiii

et seq.

Music, Narada the patron of, 153.
Mycenae, lords of, did not cremate

dead, xxxvi.

Myres, Professor, on military aristo-
cracies, xxxvi.

Mythical Ages. See World's Age.
Mythology of India, its special interest,

xviii; distinction between religion

and, 135.
Myths, rational explanation of criticized,

70, 71.

Naga country, infanticide in, 60.

Nagas, the snake deities, in Varuna's
heaven, 59, 65; worship of among
Aryans, 66 ; none in world's first
age, 107 ; Surasa mother of, 414.

Nakiila, the Pandava, son of Madri and
twin Aswins, 176; temporary death
of, 263 ; journey of towards paradise,
324 et seq..

Nala (of the Mahdbhdrata}, "world
guardians" in story of, 31; horse
sacrifice in, 91, and purpose of, 92;
the story, 328 et seq. ; message of the
swan, 330 ; gods desire Damayanti,
332 ; interview with Damayanti, 333-
5 ; the swayamvara, 335-7 ; demon
Kali plots against, 338-9; Kali enters,
340; gambling match with brother,
341, 342; exile of, 342, 343; deserts
Damayanti, 344 ; the serpent Karko-
taka, 353; is transformed, 354; as
Vahuka, the charioteer, 355 ; Dama-
yanti's search for, 358, 359; the second
swayamvara, 360; journey to Ritu-
parna, 360-3; Kali ejected, 362;
Damayanti's maid interviews, 365-8 ;
interview with Damayanti, 368-70;
second gambling match and kingdom
won back, 371-3.

Nala (of the Rdmdyana), the green ape
artisan, 418.

Nan'di, bull of Shiva, 147.

Narada (na'rada), the Devarishi, in
story of Savitri, 45 ; descriptions of



various heavens by, 57-9; a renowned

teacher and musician, 153; message

of to Pandavas, 321, 322; in story of

Nala, 331; curses Karkotaka, 353;

in the Rdmdyana, 374.
Narayana (nar'ayana), divine incarnation

of world soul, 100; Brahma as, 101 ;

colours of in various yugas (world's

ages), 108 ; Markandeya's vision of

at end of yugas, 114 et seq.; Vishnu

as, 124.

Nasatya, in Asia Minor, xxxii, 32.
Natesa (na-t^sh'a), the dancer, Shiva as,

147, 148.
Nature, feeling for in Sanskrit literature,

xlvii ; magical control of, 80.
Necklet, coin called after, 78.
Nectar, of the gods, soma as, 35 ; or

Nagas, 66.
Neith (ne-ith), Egyptian "earth

mother", 13. [<?/ seq.

Nemed's Age, in Irish mythology, no
Neolithic Age, European burial customs

in, xxxiii ; Indra as a god of, 2.
Nepthys (nep'this), as joint mother of

Osiris, 229 n.

New Year celebrations, xliii.
Nifelhel (nTfel'hel), xliv.



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