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36 ; frog hymn to as rain charm, 36,
37; marriage of, 37; the drink of im-
mortality, 41 ; prepared by Gandharva,
69; drunk by early Ayro- Indians, 77;
Sudras did not drink, 79; Samavedic
hymns to, 83 ; gods receive from
priests, 84; Tarasun, the Mongolian,
90, 91; in horse sacrifice, 92; as the
moon god and ancestor of the Bha-
ratas, 157 et seq.

Son, religious need for a, 59, 60.

Song, the Divine, 125. See Bhagavad-
gita.



Soul, as "the man in the eye", 42; of
childless man in hell, 59 ; escape
from body of, 85 ; salvation of
through knowledge, 99, 100 (also
see Bhagavad-gita] ; mind as, 101.

Soul in the egg, myth of, 101, 102.

Soul, the World. See World Soul.

Souls, childrens' wait for mothers, xliii;
bound by Yama, god of death, 42;
as birds, 75 ; reborn as tigers, fish,
&c. ,117; transmigration of, see Trans-
migration of souls.

Spaniards, Brahmans resemble, xxviii.

Spartans, horse sacrifice of, 93.

"Speech of spirits", the "language of
birds", 75.

Spells, for disease, 85, 87 ; for love, 86.

Spirit, the, the life breath as, 37.

Spirits of the dead, beliefs regarding,
38 ; of day and night, 70 ; birds as in
Europe, Africa, and Asia, 75; magical
formulas to control, 85, 86, 87.

Spirits of weapons, Arjuna beholds, 256;
do homage to Rama, 381 ; Gaelic
weapon demons, 381 n.

Spitting customs, significance of, 37.

" Spitting Stones", 37.

Sri (sree), Lakshmi, wife of Vishnu is,
149 ; Sita as, 427.

Standing stones, ceremonies at for off-
spring, xliii, xliv.

Stars, myth of Saturn and Ganesa, 151;
rishis as "Great Bear" and wives of
as Pleiades, 153; Abhimanyu as one
of the, 327.

Stars, the Polar, Kas'yapa, the Brahman
as, 145.

Steeds of Indra, 4 ; names of, 5.

Stevenson, Robert Louis, xlviii.

Stone Age, the late, Europe in, xxii;
people of Britain of, xlii ; "hammer
god " of, 2.

Stones, standing, Shiva worshipped at,
147.

Subhadra (soo-bhad'ra), sister of
Krishna and Balarama, worship of,
137; Arjuna's marriage by capture
with, 227 ; Draupadi receives, 228.

Sudas, a Vedic king, 154; Vishwa-
mitra's and Vasishtha's connection
with, 154; Purus and other tribes
oppose, 155.

Sudeva (soo-day'vii), the Brahman, dis-
covers Damayanti, 356, 357, 358;
visits Nala, 359, 360.

Sudhanvan (sud-han'van), Indra as, 10.



INDIAN MYTH AND LEGEND



Sudras (sud'ras), the black, xxv. See
Caste.

Sugriva (sug'riva), the ape king, son of
Surya, 410; Rama slays his rival
Bali, 411; revelries of, 413; silver
hue of, 418; in Ceylon war, 419
et seq.

Sumit'ra, wife of Dasaratha, 376;
Lakshmana and Satrughna sons of,

378.
Sun, ''has nature of Agni ", 36; the

"man" in the, and death as, 42;

Rahu, the devourer of, 64, 144;

horse sacrifice to, 92 et scq. ; the

bride of the, 149.
Sun, god of, Sumero- Babylonian name

of Mitra, 29; as offspring of the

moon, 29; Narayana as, 114; Vishnu

as a phase of, 122, 123.
Sun egg, in Indian and Egyptian my-
thologies, 101.
Sun maiden, marriage of with moon

god, 37 ; Tapati the, loved by a king,

7 1 et seq.

Sunset, Kushna fiery demon of, 66.
Sura (soora), an early Ayro-Indian ale

or mead, 77.

Suras, the Indian gods called, 61.
Surasa, sea hag, 414.
Surpa'-nakha, the rape of Sita, 403 et

seq. ; curses Ravana, 423.
Surya (soor'ya), sun god, Savitri and,

10; in rival group of deities, 32;

Aryan steeds of, 32 ; as eye of

Varuna-Mitra, 32 ; daughter of loved

by a king, 71 ct seq.; Saranyu the

bride of, 149; as grandsire of Queen

Madri's sons, 176; shines on Kama

at the tournament, 191 ; gifts food

pot to Pandavas, 249 ; his warning to

Kama, 262 ; Sugriva, ape king, son

of, 411.
Suttee (sati) in Europe, xxxvii. See

Sati.

Swan maidens, 75.
Swans, Irish gods and Indian rishis as,

75 !53> the gold winged, in story of

Nala, 329, 330.
Swar'ga, 4 ; Kauravas and Fandavas in,

327. See Heaven of Indra.
Swayam'vara, Bhishma captures King

of Kasi's daughters at, 169, 160;

Draupadi's, 21 1, 212.
Swine, religious treatment of in India,

Egypt, and Europe, 136; Rakshasas

ride in battle, 419.



Tapati (ta'pati), sun maiden, story of

king's love for, 71 et seq.
Taraka (ta'raka), the hag, slain by Rama,

380.
Tarku, Hittite " hammer god", 3; Shiva

compared with, 146.
Teachers, Brahmans as, 82.
Tears, the creative, Prajapati sheds,

100, 101.
Tel-el-Amarna letters, Aryans and,

XXX.

Terra mater, the Indian, 13.

Teutonic and Celtic treatment of boar,



.

Teutonic beliefs regarding soul and
world's ages, xliv.

Teutonic modes of thought, xliv n ;
compared with those of Vedic period,
xlv.

Teutonic mythology, doctrine of trans-
migration absent from, 103.

Teutonic wonder smith, like Indian,

II, 12.

Teutons, Aryan affinities of, xx ; tradi-
tions of migrations of, xlv.

Thor, Indra and, xxxi, 3; elfin artisans
and, 1 1 ; like Indra, son of Earth
Mother, 13; the "friend of man",
15, 16; a slayer of giants like Indra,
64; Arjuna compared with, 257 w.

Thorns of Hades, 326.

Thothmes III (thoth'mes), Egyptian
king, Mitanni Aryans and, xxx.

Thunder- "ball", " bolt", and "stone",

2.

Thunder gods. See Hammer Cods,
also Balor, Finn mac Coul, Hrungner,
Indra, Jupiter, Pa'n Ku, Ptah,
Rammon, Rimmon, Shiva, Tarku,
Thor, Zeus.

Thunder horn, Arjuna receives from
Indra, 258; Finn mac Coul has, 258 n.

Tiamat. See Tiawath.

Tiawath of Babylonian myth, 9, 90.

Tiger, Damayanti's appeal to the, 347.

Tigers, demons with heads of, 71 ;
Bharata as tamer of, 161.

Titans, the Indian, 64. See Danavas.

Tortoise incarnation of Vishnu, 143.

Torture, in Hades, 326.

Tournament, the, 185 et seq.

"Towers of Silence", Parsees expose
dead on, xxxiii.

Trade, in Vedic period, 78 ; Solomon
and Indian products, 84.

Traders, caste of, 79. See Caste.



INDE>



459



Transmigration of souls, "germs of
theory", xliii, 116; racial aspect of
doctrine, xliv, 116; in Egyptian,
Celtic, and Greek religions, 103, 118;
the Irish Tuan Mac Carell legend,
1 1 1 et seq. ; a Post-Vedic doctrine in
India, 103; becomes orthodox, 115;
present-day beliefs, 117, 118; in
Buddhism, 130 et seq.', Yudhishthira
on, 254.

Treasure, god of (see Kuverd); Yakshas
guard the hidden, 68.

Tree, of Paradise, 41; of Brahma, 102;
of religion, of passion, 156.

Trees, the "blood of", 37; horses tied
to at sacrifices, 93.

Treta Yuga, length of, 104; the Yellow
Age, 108, 109; in Greek and Celtic
mythologies, 109 et seq. ; Vishnu slays
Bali in, 123.

Tribes. See Bharatas, Gandari, Kasis,
Kosalas, Kiirns, Panckalas, Purus,
Videhas, &c.

Tri'gartis, Rajah of, attack on Virata,
267; Pandavas defeat, 268.

Trinity, Brahma, Vishnu, and Shiva,
119, 124.

Trinity of goddesses, Saraswati (white),
Lakshmi (red), Par'vati (black), 150,



Tritsus (tree'tsus), as an Aryan tribe,
154; identified with the Vasishthas,
154, 155; priestly aristocracy of, 155.

Trumpet of thunder god, 70.

Turkestan, fair type in, xxix.

Turki, a blend of Alpine and Northern
stocks, xxix.

Turkish language, xix.

Twashtri (twash'tre), the divine artisan;
shapes Indra's " thunderstone ", 4;
in hymn of victory, 6; makes Indra's
hammer from Rishi's bones, 8; father
of Saranyu and grandsire of Ribhus,
1 1 ; gives origin to human life, 1 1 ;
Ribhus as rivals of, n, 12; Agni an
incarnation of, 20; as father of the
sun god, 32; as maker of heavens,

57-9-
Twin, Yama signifies, 40.

Twin deities. See Mitra and Varuna>
Yama and Yami, Yima and Yimeh,
Indra and Agni, Nasatya, the Aswins,
Dioskouri, Castor and Pollux.

Typhon, the Indian, 65.

Typhoon, the, Hanuman the ape god
as, 106.



Ugrians, a blend of Alpine and Northern
stocks, xxix.

Uliipf, the serpent nymph, Arjuna loved
by and birth of Iravat, 226; son of in
great war, 286 et seq.; fall of, 293;
Arjuna restored to life, 314, 315.

Uma, goddess of wisdom, bride of
Shiva, 150.

Universal destruction, at end of " day"
of Brahma, 113.

Universal self, Brahma the, 98. See
World Soul.

Universities, the ancient, forest hermit-
ages were, 82.

Upanishads, xl ; transmigration belief
in, xliii, 117; evidence regarding
Asura problem in, 62, 63 et seq., 88;
horse sacrifice doctrines in, 93 et seq. ;
the fruit-tree lesson of, 99; funda-
mental thought of doctrine of, 100;
influence of, 102, 103; Hinduism
based on, 120; Vedic gods and, 121;
bold Pantheism of, 122; Jainism and,
133; present-day Hindu esteem of,
139 ; composed in the " middle coun-

. try", 155.

Uranus, slain like Dyaus, 13.

Urvasa (ur'vasa), the Apsara, woos and
curses Arjuna, 256.

Ushiis, goddess of dawn, 34, 148; Sar-
anyu developed from, 149.

Uttar (oot'ar), son of Rajah of Virata,
268.

Uttara, Princess of Virata, married to

.. Abhimanyu, 269.

Utii, Sumerian sun god, Mitra as, 29.

Vach, the "mother of the Vedas ",

Saraswati as, 149.
Vadhar, the weather, Vritra as, 8 n.
Vahuka (vaTiuka), the charioteer, Nala

as, 355 et seq.
Vaishnava (vaish'nava) faith. See

Vishnu.

Vaisya caste, 79- See Caste.
Vaisyas (vais'yas), the yellow, xxv.
Vaka (va'ka), the Asura king, slain by

Bhima, 207 et seq.
Vala (va'la), the demon, cloud cows in

cave of, 68.
Valhal, xliv; Indra's heaven like, 59;

pork eaten in, 136.
Valmiki (val'meek-e), the poet, how

sloka metre was invented by, 374 ;

composes Rdmdyana, 375; Sita takes

refuge with, 426.






460 INDIAN MYl-LAND I LEGEND



Vamadeva (va'ma-day-va), family priest,

375-
Vamana (vam'ana), dwarf form of

Vishnu, 123.
Vanars (va'nars) (apes), Rama secures as

allies, 410 et seq. See Apes.
Varaha (var-a'ha), boar incarnation of

Vishnu, 135.
Varanavartha (var'an-a-vart"ha), Pan-

davas exiled to, 199 et seq.
Varna. See Caste.
Vartikas (var'tikas), "of one wing, one

eye, one leg ", 68; the rational theory,

71-

Varuna, in Vedic Age, xxxi ; in Asia
Minor, xxxii; his Hebraic grandeur,
26; the Omniscient One, worshipped
with devotion, 27; Mitra and, 28;
dethroned by Indra, 28; protector of
hearth and home, 29; in early group
of deities, 30; in "sea of heaven",
and as god of ocean, 31 ; a god of
Mitanni, 32; Surya as " the eye" of,
33; "house of clay" (the grave) in
hymn to, 38; in "Land of the
Fathers" (Paradise), 41; Babylonian
aspect of, 41; the heaven of, 58;
Adityas his attendants, 58 n ; wor-
shipped by demons and giants, 59 ;
as an Asura, 61 ; early title "wise
Azura and King", 62; god of the
overlords of Assyria, 62; giants and
demons controlled by, 65; Vishnu
and, 123; as suitor of Damayanti,
332 et seq.

Vasish'tha, as rival of Vishwamitra,
154 et seq.; Vasus cursed by, 164;
in the Rdmdyana, 375, 378.

Vasishthas, a family of priests, 154;
identical with the Tritsus, 154, 155;
priestly aristocracy of, 155.

Vasudeva (va'sood^va), father of Krishna,
128; brother of Queen Pritha, 173;
at Pandava imperial sacrifice, 232 et
seq., 323.

Vasuka. See Vasuki.

Vasuki (va'suke), Naga serpent demi-
god, 65; as the "churning rope",
143; King of Nagas, welcomes Bhima
in underworld, 178; gives Bhima the
draught of strength, 179; jewel of
restores Arjuna to life, 314, 315.

Vasus (va'sus), attendants of Indra, 17;
as children of Ganga and King
Shantanu, \6^etseq.; Bhishma among
in Paradise, 327.



Va'ta. See Vayu.

Vate (va'te), the Teutonic, compared
with Vata (Vayu), 24.

Va'yu, wind god, compared with Odin,
24; hymns to, 25; in rival group of
deities, 32; Bhima, son of, 105, 176;
Hanuman, ape god son of, 106, 411;
sends Garuda to help Rama, 419.

Vedas (vay'das), geographical evidence
of, xx ; Indra hymns, 6, 7; creation
myth in, 10; goddesses vague in, 13;
gods of in Buddhistic Age, 120; still
regarded sacred, 139; father Manu
in, 140; the "mother" of the, 149;
Vyasa as arrayer of, 154.

Veddas of Ceylon, xxvi.

Vedic Age, the, length of, xxx; the
"Great Mother" in, xxxi; burial
customs of, xxxii; eclipse of gods of,
xl; Teutonic modes of thought in,
xlv ; the change in post Vedic times,
xlv; glimpses of Jife of in epics, xlvi;
gods are Asuras in early and Suras in
late, 6l; folk movements in, 76; dice
and drinking in, 77; trade and culture
in, 78 ; doctrines of transmigration
and world's ages unknown in, 104 ;
one of four ages, 119; goddesses
vague in, 148.

Vedic Aryans, "father right" recog-
nized by, xxx.

Vedic hymns, 15, 16; majority ot
addressed to Indra and Agni, 19;
Brahmanas and Upanishads and, 62,
63 et seq; materialism of, 82.

Videha (ve'day-ha), Eastern Aryan
kingdom, xxxix.

Vidura (ve-diir'a), son of Kyasa, 172;
assists Drona to prepare for tourna-
ment, 183, 184; at the tournament
with blind king, 185 et seq.; ambas-
sador to Pandavas after marriage,
223, 224 ; at the gambling match,
240 et seq. ; attitude of during nego-
tiations, 276; retires to forest, 319.

Villages, life in during Vedic Age, 78.

Vind'hya mountain, ape god assumes
proportions of, 109.

Viraj, female form of Purusha, Saras-
wati as, 149.

Virata (vir-at'a), Pandavas' sojourn in,
266 et seq. ; Pandava allies meet at,
270, 273; warlike preparations, 273;
rajah of slain by Drona, 301.

Virchow, view on Aryan problem, xxiii.

Vishnu (vish'noo), in Brahmanical re-



INDEX



461



vival age, xl ; Vedic god of grace,
assists Indra, world artisan, 10; the
Preserver in the Trinity, 119; the
cult of, 122; evidence of Greek am-
bassador, Megasthenes, regarding,
122; a god of grace in Rigveda, 122,
123; Brahma springs from in lotus
bloom, 124; sleep of on World Ser-
pent, 124; Avataras of, 125; the
Buddha Avatara of, 129; Puranas
and cult of, 134; as Brahma, 134;
demons secure salvation through, 135;
his lion incarnation, 135 ; his boar
incarnation, 135, 136; Parasu-rama
(Rama with the axe) incarnation of,
136 ; belief in the coming of on white
horse (Kalki), 137; Bhagavad-gita
and cult of, 139; in epic narratives,
139; Manu and, 140; in "churning
of the ocean" myth, 143 et seq. ; white
steed of, gem of, and wife of rise from
Sea of Milk, 144 ; Garuda the vehicle
of, 146; in form of Shiva, 147; discus
of made by goddess, 149; in Ganesa
myth, 151; in myth regarding origin
of goddesses, 151; father of the love
god, 151; Ganges flows from toe of,
152; wife of as daughter of Daksha,
the rishi, 154; incarnation of slays
incarnation of Shiva, 234 n ; at Da-
saratha's horse sacrifice, 376, 377 ;
Indra's appeal to, 377 ; Dasaratha's
sons as incarnations of, 377 ; Rama
as, 427. See Krishna and Rama.

Vishwakarman (vish'wa-kar' / man), the
divine artisan, Twashtri is, 58.

Vishwamitra (vish'wa-meet"ra), as rival
of Vasishtha, 154; raised from Ksha-
triya to Brahman caste, 154; as father
of Shakuntala, 159; Indra's dread of
and temptation of, 159, 160; takes
away Rama and Lakshmana to de-
stroy demons, 379, 380, 381; break-
ing of Shiva's bow, 382, 383.

Vital spark, cause of life and bodily
heat, 37; Agni symbolizes, 19.

Vivahvant, the Persian, 40.

Vivasvant, the sky god, 40.

Vivasvat, as a sun god, 32. See Vivas-
vant.

Volund, 24.

Vows, by spitting and before fires, 37.

Vritra (vrit'ra), the drought demon,
slain by Indra, 6, 7; as leader of
Danavas, 7; reference to myth of in
Brahman as, 63; " the encompasser",



66; captures cloud cows, 4 et seg., 67;
rational explanation of, 71.

Vulcan, the Hindu, Twashtri as, 1 1.

Vultures, as protectors of the fairy babe,
Shakuntala, 159, 160; king of, see
fatayus.

Vyasa (vyas'a), reputed Vedic compiler
and author of Mahdbhdrata, 1 54 ;
identified with the legendary Va-
sishtha, 154; son of Parashara and
Satyavati, 167; father of Dhritarashtra,
Pandu, and Vidura, 171, 172; meets
Pandavas during first exile, 206; re-
veals why Draupadi must be joint
wife of Pandavas, 222; advises Arjuna
to visit Shiva, 255; gifts divine vision
to Sanjaya, 287; advises horse sacri-
fice as atonement after war, 312; at
horse sacrifice, 316; causes dead to
return, 320, 321.

Wales, hatred of pork in, 136.

Wallis, Cosmology of Rigveda, ion,

II n.
War of gods and giants, 70. See Giants

and A suras.
Warriors, possessed by spirits, 85; caste

of, 79. See Caste.

War-shell, Arjuna's a thunder horn, 258.
Water of life, soma the, 36 ; moon as

source of, 37 ; creative tears as, 100,

101.

Water spirits, givers of boons, 148.
Waters, the primordial, in creation

myths, 100, 101 et seq.; universe

returns to, 105, 141, 142; "home"

of the creator, 1 14; in the boar myth,

136.

'Watling Street", 24.
Wealth and culture, 82.
Weapons, the early Vedic, 77-
Weather, Indian demon of, 8 n.
Weeping of the creator, 100.
Well worship, 37.
Wells, the sources of luck, 148.
"Westerners", Indian tribes called,

xxxix.
White Age, the Krita Yuga, 108; in

Greek and Celtic mythologies, 109

et seq.
Widows, drown themselves after return

of dead warriors, 321; burning of,

see Suttee.

Wiedemann, Professor, ll.
Wieland (we'land), 24.
Wife, the ideal, goddess Sad as, 150.



462



INDIAN MYTH AND LEGEND



Wife hunters, 60.

Wife of Amon, 366.

"Wild Huntsman", the Indian, 26.

\Villiams, Sir M. Monier, 40, 40?;, 41,
42, 42 n.

Wilson, Vedic hymns, 13, 16, 105 n.

Winckler, Professor Hugo, reading of
Indra inscription, xxxi.

Wind, as "air of life ", 37.

Wind god, Bhima and Hanuman sons
of, 1 06. See I'ayu.

Winter burial customs among Buriats,
xxxiv.

Wisdom, goddess of, Uma as, 150.

Wives, burning of as punishment in
Egypt and Scotland, xxxvii; marriage
by capture of, 60.

Wolves, Rakshasas ride in battle, 419.

Wonder smiths, Teutonic myth of and
Indian, u, 12.

Works and Days, Hesiod's doctrine of
world's ages in, 109 et seq.

World's ages, doctrine of the, post-
Vedic conception of, 103; Greek
evidence regarding Indian doctrine,
122; not in Teutonic mythology, 103;
Tuan Mac Carell Irish legend, 1 1 1
et seq. ; the "day" and "night" of
Brahma, 105 ; the four Yugas, 104 ;
the "white", "red", "yellow",
and "black" in India, 108; Hanu-
man's account of to Bhima, 107, 108,
109; Markandeya's account of, 112
et seq.; Narayana's account of, 115;
Narayana at dawn of each Yuga, 124;
Manu's association with Brahma, 140.
See Ages of the Universe.

W T orld giant. See Purusha and Ptah.

World guardians, the four gods in Nala
story, 332.

World horse, myth of, 94 et seq.

World house of Vedic myth, 10.

World mother, Lakshmi as, 149.

World Serpent, Karoktaka as, 65 ;
Vishnu sleeps on, 124; Balarama an
incarnation of, 128; issues from his
mouth, 323.

World Soul, hermits and Yoga, 82;
pantheistic conception of, 88 ; in
Purusha myth, 95 ; in Rigveda hymn,
97, 98; the "subtile essence" is the
Self, 99; the soul's being, 99, 100;
Brahma, the divine incarnation of,
100; colours of in various Yugas
(ages), 108, 109; Greek and Celtic
conceptions, 1 10 et se-q. ; men's .souls



merged in, 118; Vishnu and Shiva
incarnations of, 122; Buddha's teach-
ing regarding, 130 et seq.

World tree, in Indra creation myth, 102;
as Brahma's, 102.

Worlds, the three, 65.

Xerxes, Gandarians who fought w th
against the Greeks, 168 n.

Yadavas, Krishna prince of, 215; end
of power of, 323.

Yajttrveda (ya-joor'veda), exposure of
female children in, 60; the civiliza-
tion of, 84; the schools of thought in
period of, 88; Vishnu in, 123; Maha-
deva in, 146.

Yakshas (yak'shas), " the good people",
68; invisible sentinels, 106; none in
world's first age, 107; changes sex
with princess, 171; Kuvera king of,
258; Dharma as one of the unseen,
264, 265.

Yama (ya'ma), god of the dead, as the
"first man", xxxii; in Nala story,
31; burial customs, 38; discoverer of
"the path of the fathers", 39, 40;
his sister Yami and Persian parallel,
40; in "land of the fathers" (Para-
dise) with Varuna, 41; Babylonian
aspect of, 41; as Judge, Lord, Fin-
isher, Leveller, &c., 42; as instru-
ment of destiny, 42 et seq. ; in story
of Ruru, 43, 44; in story of Savitri,
44 ; concessions won from, 50 et seq. ;
the heaven of described, 57; parents
only admitted to heaven of, 59; jour-
ney of to "land of fathers", 116;
vision of in Dwaraka, 322 ; as suitor
of Damayanti, 332 et seq.

Yami, sister of Yama, 40; Babylonian
aspect of, 41;

Yavanas, the, allies of Kauravas, 287;
identified with Greeks, 287 n.

Years, the Divine, length of, 104, 105.
See World's ages.

Yellow age, the Dwapara Yuga, 1 08,
109; in Greek mythology, 109, no;
in Celtic mythology, no et seq.

Yima, the Persian Yama, 40.

Yimeh, the Persian Yami, 40.

Ymer, the Teutonic chaos giant, Purusha
like, 90.

Yoga, religious state called, 82.

Yorkshire, burial rites in, xxxvii.

Yudhishthira(yoo-dish'thi-ra),xlviii; son



INDEX



of Queen Prithaand god Dharma, 176;
at the tournament, 185 et seq.; made
"Little Rajah", 197; Duryodhana
causes exile of, 198, 199; the "house
of lac ", 200; escape of with brothers
and mother, 201; Arjuna offers Drau-
padi to, 220; regrets Arjuna's exile,
225 ; imperial sacrifice held by, 228
et seq.; Surya's gift to in exile, 249;
unfolds his faith to Draupadi, 252 et
tt*^.;hissenseof honour, 255; Kuvera's
advice to, 258; generosity towards
Duryodhana, 260; refuses Duryod-
hana's invitation, 261 ; Jayadratha
attempts to carry off Draupadi, 262,
263; rescues his brothers from tem-
porary death, 263 et seq.; Dharma's
questions, 264 et seq. ; in Virata, 266
et seq. ; at meeting of Pandavas allies
at Virata, 270 et seq.', negotiations
with Kauravas, 274 et seq.', in the
great war, 285; secures a Kaurava
prince as ally, 287; flight of from
battlefield, 297 ; smites Bhima, 307 ;
sorrows for slain children, 310; the



great jewel, 311; proclaimed rajah at
Hastinapur, 312; horse sacrifice rites
performed, 312 et seq.; beholds return
of the dead, 320, 321; divides his
kingdom, 323 ; departure of to Indra's
heaven, 324; tested and approved,
324-6.

Yuga, meaning of term changes, xliv;
meaning of in Rigveda, 104.

Yugas, the, colours of, 108, 109; in
Greek and Celtic mythologies, 109
et seq. ; Markandeya lives through the
various, 112 et seq.; Manu's associa-
tion withsBrahma, 140. See World's
ages.

Yu'yiit'su, Kaurava prince, joins the Pan-
dava army, 287; made rajah, 323.

Zend an Aryan language, xix.

Zeus pater, 3; Dyaus-pita in India, 12;
parent of twin deities, 32 ; serpent
enemy of, 65 ; in world's ages doc-
trine, no.

Zoroastrian chief god. See Ahura-
Mazda.







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Online LibraryDonald Alexander MackenzieIndian myth and legend → online text (page 38 of 38)