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Donald B. (Donald Budd) Armstrong.

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THE EDIXBUKG REVIEW.

The "Review" for September contains one
,ir two articles of more or less interest to
those who desire to trace the development
of one of the greatest corporations of modern
times. "The Hudson Bay Company." is the
name of the article and includes a review of
the following:

" The Great Companj'." " Being a review
and history of the honorable company of



/'««<



me ouicKest inetnod iQ ttie World '^o"i;'

,„,. iim. i-iU>-i > ami w.- will send you tbe ol'ICKKST
udiluiMii mttlioii in the u..rM, or the Seci et of Rapiil Ail
(litn'ii Fverv h'^.-kket-tiei teacher and snident should
hiivf it BOSTON PEN ART CO, DEPT, P. SOUTH BOSTON, MASS.



(^dTU^^brurubrv-^lJiUi^ aad (^uiMnci^^diicaltrr^^^




entered at the
post office, uol-
umbus. 0.. as sec
ond class matter
Sept. 10. 1900.



EDITED AND PUBLISHED

MONTHLY (except

JULY AND AUGUST.)

BY ZANER & BLOSER.

COLUMBUS. O.



Vol.. V'l. No. III. WHOLE Xo. 2S

COLUJIBUS. OHIO, Xl)\K>IKHR. liKKI

SUBSCRIPTION PRICE, $1.00 A YEAR.

SUBSCRIPTION RATES.

1 subscription, $ 1.00. 2 to 3 subscriptions, 85
cents each. 4 to 10 subscription, 75 cents each,
10 or more subscriptions. 60 cents each.

ADVERTISING RATES-Made known upon
application. Write for them.



Change of Address— If you change your address
be sure to notify us promptly (in advance, if pos-
sible) and be careful to give the old as well as the
new one We lose many papei-s each issue
through negligence on the part of subscribers or
post-masters.



Co eiub Kaisers.

Ti> till- inilil iihliil ^viidiiii; us the most
siiliscril.ers l>i-t« ct-ii Scptcinhcr IIKKI and
June imil inclusive, we will present a display
specimen, *J*2 x liH, of Mr. /Caner's engrossing,
comprising Lettering. Flourishing, and
Writing valued at $W.W.

To the tichODl sending the most subscrib-
ers the same will also be given. When send-
ing names, state they are to be registered
for the contest. The wording, etc.. of the
specimen will V>e made to suit the successful
party and school, if so desired. Who wins;



California Demands flood Writing.

■•1 have iiotteu m.,re u.,...l points from
your first lesson, as given in the .September
tnimber of your paper, than I have from the
first lesson of any course yet published.

" I believe that your course is going to be
tine and that we. who are called upon to
teach penmanship, will get more real valu-
able points from this course of lessons than
from any course ever published.

*' We have taken a fresh hold on penman
ship in our school here. Aiitliority has been
given me to go through the Commercial
room at any time, and require any student
to re-write any of his commercial work
which I think is not so well written as it
should be. We have also cut out of the
course considerable of the bookkeeping
work, and expect to devote that extra time
to penmanship: so we e.xpect to get better
results in writing during the coming year
than we ever have before.



"We have found that in California the
business men seeking an office assistant
does not inquire how nmcli bt)okkeeping
the student has had, but words his in(|uiry
something like this: "I want a bright,
honest boy who is ;i good writer I with the
word good underscored ), (juick and accur-
:itewith tigures, and knows something of
bookkeeping." .\s long ;is the business
worl.l demands that kind of a boy, wh>
does the business college man insist on
spending all the time on bookkeeping to the
neglect of peinnanship? We iire going to
quit it, and I hope many of the schools will
follow the exiimplc."

A. S, Weavek,
Priiuip;il San Francisco Bus. C.ill.

Ihe above indicates that Mr. Weaver is
euileavoriug to supplvthe business corninu-
nitvof San Francisco" with the kiuil .if oftice
help that it desires. Co.id. We wish there
were more such. Too many schools neglect
penmanship. Bookkeepers who write well
have a distinct advantage over those who
do not. Then why not give more attention
to the subject:- The majority of business
.sch.)ols do. but there are a goodlv number

which do but little along this line, i: 1

pemuausliip speaks to the judgment on
sight. .\ business man can see that much
4if a persouV qualification before he can see
or know nuuh else. -\ good hand means
industr\ and Ciire. too essential business
(inaliticatious. El)IT(lKS.[



Some Cimely Questions.

S;ditors PEN?IAXARTIST AND BVSINE.SS

El>l'C.\roK: We have been teaching the
vertical system in our schools, but we have
about come to the conclusiim that we must
nuike a change or at least adopt a new
method of teaching. The objections urged
against the vertical are that it makes slow-
writers, and second, that our pupils when
the.v grow old enough to adopt an individual
hand do not continue the vertical, Inxt a
mixture that is neither one thing or the
other. Now what would yon advise us to
do? We have taught writing by the finger
movement, but we are convinced that to get
speed we must adopt the arm movement.
At what age would you advise the :irtu
movement taken upr Our pupils range in
age from six to sixteen.

MISS E. W. WERSLEK,
Tablet, Ha.

[First. l)egin to teach plaiimess rather
than specified slant. Second, cease to teach
pupils to draw the forms and begin to teach
arm movement. Third, begin movement in
earnest the first \ear in tlie gr:unmar grade,
as pupils are then at the right age to begin
rightlv:inil liec;iuse tlie\ will need to write
faster :iud f;ister each succeeding year.
H'ourth.iiilopt simple. plain, rapid characters
leitluT vertical or slant 1: neither the ex-
treiuelx round, hirgc, heavv kind which can-
not be written rapidlv. on "the one hand, nor
the skillful, fine lined, prettv-tolook-at but
extremelv difficult kind ou the other hand.
Adopt a plain rather than :i prettv hand -
legibility rather than accuracy should be the
aim. Tlien require all work to be done freely,
and not in a drawing manner: that is, with
pupils above the primary grades. Let the
little tots write a real, large hand: so large
that thev will use the arm instead of the
fingers,— Editors.]



Commercial Ceacbcrs' Federation

Penmanship Ceacbers' Contest.

.\t the meeting of Penmanship Teachers'
Association held at Chicago last December
the following resolutions were adopted : Be
it resolved that the Peinnanship T.



I l.usi



■ th



ition of pupils' \

figures, at its aniunil me.

certificates as follows: t

teachers whose pupils' wc

tion of the judges, provei

nition and three to be designated fii

second and thir<l, f.ir the public sch

teachers, anil three lunubereil in the s;i



shall iiwari
each of th.
the estima



maniuT, t.. be i;ivi-ii t.i the teiicliers in c<un-
mercial.ir peuiiiausliip >cli....ls having the
best work. The ti-rnis of :,w:irding these
certific;ites au.l tlie method of selecting the
judges sli:.ll li. placed in the hands of the



E.>



At a



folio



Uiih



..I t



IheCommittee held at the
i\ersit\ .;it Fremont, Ohio,

..iiiuitfi-.' r..ruullated the
11 111.' . .int.-t : File award



l.a-e.l up.



irk



penuunisliip-, l,,„,l
of cUiss as a wli,.l.-
work. if at le;ist t w eiit v i L'lh piiyiils same to be
prepared :ifter Septeiulier 1, lum. and to con-
sist of tlieloll.iuiTi-siieciuieTis: .a nine page
of iiioMiii.nt \\.,rk fr.ini each pupil wlloie
work i- -11I...11I1. .1 f.ir e-x:imiuati.in. same to
be ju.U.'.l .Ml 11- ^.ppliciitiou toliusiuess writ-
ing; .III on,- -..!., 1 page .if business writing,
consisting of sentence writing, copy of solid
te.xt, or "commercial correspondence: (c)
page work of figures.

The rules governing the exhibition of the
teachers of public sch.i.ils :ire now being
formulated bv experts in public sclio.il work
and the cou'iiuittee urges :ill teachers to
have work in re;i.Uuess. It i> the hope of
the Executive l' littee that a large num-
ber of teachers will exhibit ;it the Detroit
meeting ;uid tluit thi> meetiug will be one
.if the most siucessful and ent liusiastic ever
known ill tin- liist..rv .if the Federation.
The ju.lge- to .lecide this c.iutest will be
ch.isen at the rouveutiou.

Chairnian. Br K T ( iERM.V.N. Fremont. (>.
J. F. Flsii. Chiciigo.IU.
C. E. ToWNK. /.auesville. O.



expert Kinsley.

I'HRllNOI.dCV FIRST KIIITUIX.

Date - - Sept. 17, IIKKI.

Time 4:55 A.M.

Event ...Birth

CJender Masculine

Weight 11 Pounds

Worth $Si99,!l(lil.SW9

Politics Mugwump

Profession... Handwriting Expert

Habits Steady

Kesembles .Father

Name William Joseph Kinsley, Jr.

[Congratulations! Brother, we hope you
will survive as serenely as you did sucess.
fully in the Molineiix case. Conte again.—

KlIlITOKS.j



narrowness not necessary

Z.\NES\II.I.E. OHIO. Sept. I'll. r.«KI.
FRlE.NIiS A. & H.:

Vou will please find enclosed one dollar to
pa v for a .year's subscription to the "Artist."
coinmencing with the expiration of last
vea r.

I can't tell you how much pleasure it gives
me to note the rapid strides that you are
making with vour publication. I truly hope
that vou will'n.it allow the additional work
to cut" int. I the time vou sh,.iild ♦:ike for rec-
reation, f.ir vou ;ire doing a great work in
our pnifessi.iiKil world, ami I :im sure that I
voice the gre:it number, who ;ire acinainted
with v.iur w.irk.wheti I s:i\ we hope you
will long continue to teach us in such a way
as will break <lowi] the olil f.igv ideas, and
in their stead plant more pr.iu'ri-s-ive ones:
to show, bv example, that il i- imt neces-
sary to be" narrow. craiiK\ •« i.iiuiin an
ign'oramus to re;icli :i high .l.-i;r.-,- ..f skill as

a specialist. It will take a t; Il\ uumlier

,,f .l,,-,-.if the -ame kin. 1. if medicine that
the -Artist '• is .lealiug out t.i keep the spec
NilisI out ..1 ruts. Take for example this
poor "vertical:" whv. .mr profession has
been foremost in the fight t.i prevent it
from having even a fair trial, but for all
they have done it has worke.l a great reform
in penmanship, and has taken them a little
w;iy from the one wav for all kind of
writing,

I sincerely hope that vou will still be as
successful in the future as yon have been
in the past, otiU that the financial will
eipial the lion. irarv, and then I know your
success will be coniplete.

Verv truly vonrs.

C. K. ToWNE.



<^dll6^^@brviTUbrv-^itlut mid Qu)M\^Qdn;makr'^^




\ c .miin-rtial .IrpartiiK-nt liiis been iipL-iit-d
in tlie Pealiodv iMass.i High scliool, and

E. E. Bradford.of the Bradford Coniniercial
Stiiiinl. Bnstcm. has been cliosen as instruc

"x'he students aii.l faenlt\ of tlie fiiur CV..
I)e- M.-ine^-. I..uu, recentlv lield tlieir an-
nual picnic, entertainini; at supper, three
hundre<l |,ersons. Tlie enrojlnient ..f this
popular business school is unusually large.

A. S. Heanev, the genial geiitlenian who
presides overthe destinv of the Rhode Is-
land Business Ccdletic. "Pr. .vi.hnce. R. I..
reports an e.\ceedini.d \- pr. ,-p( nm^ <i|HllinK.
His jovial neighbor, r. I!. St. .« ,-11. has this
veara great school. That i- a- it ■ >u}ilit to be.
for it is great in its good work and helpful
innuence"; * ' -

Win. Fairley, E. Newton Keaser, Edward

F. Tavlor, are new teachers iti the Brooklvn
Commercial High School.

X. P. Sipprelle. formerly of the East Maine
Conference Seminary, 0ucksport, Me., has
resigned liis position as principal of the
coniniercial department of that school, and
has entered Boston University for a college

"^"Hrotl'ier Mehan has so far recovered that
he recentlv conducted a teachers" meeting
in liis excellent school. Commercial teach
ers everywhere, who have met this good
friend of'soiind methods in business educa-
tion, will be gratified to learn of his progress
toward recovery from his long sickness.

E. M. Barber, our iiiarvellousU active -Xew
Vork friend, has been elected to teach book-
keeping in the -New York Evening High
School. A. R. Kip will also teach in the eve-
ning in Brooklxn. It lo..kr- like inordinate
lo\e of educational incbistrv that men
should labor thus, but the kex to the pu/.zle
is in the statement that the salar\ has been
recentlv advanced to fixe dollars a night,
and tliat the .New York Evening High
School has sessi<ins H\e nights each week.
It is a good thing to "make hav while the
sun shines." » « »

.^lasse\'s Business College, Jacksonville,
Fla.. is flourishing under the direction of
Principal King. \V. \V. Frv, the w(?ll-known
Principal of the Jno. B. Sfet.son Cniversitv,
DeKaiid. Fla., reports :i pleasant visit to the
.■^lassev school recentlv on his war to I)e-
l.and." »**

\V. H. Hatton, president of Tampa Busi-
ness College. Tampa. Fla., is having a good
year. He is about to ni.>\ e into a flne new
building, where rooms have been arranged
especially for his use.

Wednesday, October 3, the School of Com-
merce, of New Y'ork University, New Y'ork
Citv. was opened bv Dr. Hefirx .M. Mac-
Cra'cken. the Chancellor. He said. " The es-
tablishment of this uni([ue department of a
gre:it center of learning is in answerable
liarni.invwith the present universal call for
the higluTcoiniuercial culture. It is tlucul-
inination of an untiring effort I. ...king into
the bringing into existence of a universifv
college of professional education, inipera-
tiveU- demanded in view of the progress
and present conditi< f practical econom-
ics. It is ,)ur earnest desire to besvstematic
and thorough in all the professional teach-
ing of the school, not onl\- in accountancy.
but in the courses leading" to an administra-
tive life or to the consular service.

Dean Raskins, in a very interesting lec-
ture on tlie History of Accountancy, said:
" Municipalities, transportation companies,
financial organizations of all kinds, great
commerciariiouses. industrial corporations,
all appreciate the economic \alue of i.rofes-



:il ac



tin



more and more keenlv.h.r able investiga-
tors of their affairs. Books are to be looked
into; fraud and error are to be detected and
prevented: method :mil order are to be
effected and preserve.l; ad:iptibilit n . sim-
plicity, lucidity. ecoiK. in v, are to be c.iiisid-
ered and achieved; and this is but the en-
trance, the outer vestibute.to the place that
awaits the professional accountant capable
of entering in. The place for accountancy



i- .■uhiigiilg ;iiid \\ill coiitiniir 1.. .■xp;iiid.
.So that weiiui\ -a\, ill the light of tllrlli-.-
tor\ of ..ur pr. .fi- — i..n, that its ..pp. .rl unit ii -
will be iiianif.ilill\ greater an.l ni..re numer
ons in the future tlum ever in the past.

.\. .S. Fries, formerly \\ ith the ,St. Joseph
(Mo.) Business I'nive'rsitv, is now principal
of the St. Joseph i Mo. i High S,lio..l I '.mi
mercial Department.

S. M. Funk.fonnerlv of W.,lfs Hiisines^
College. Hagerstown. Iiid.. has contracted
with the Central Commercial College, Cum
berland, Md., for the present year.

\V. .\. .\rnold, of Union Citv, Ind.. was
elected to take charge of the business
training department of the he .Mars, la..
High Sch.M.I. » » »

lohu .N. Peter-., n.f.. nun K ,iii ;i - i-t;nit in
tlie /.anerian .\rt C. .11. ;;. . I ii it ihiw ^Mibtlie
Hazleton : Pa. i Hu-iile - I ■ .1 1.-, . -. rid - -ii.c



.,f b



vhich sli..\\ that he is raiii.ll \ pii-liing his
work t.i a high degree .if excellence. Mr.
Peterson reports that tliex liaxe a large
school and that he is melting « ifli splendid
success in teaching.

L. B. Darling, formerly of El\ ria. Ohio.
now has charge of the commercial depart-
ment of the Warren^Ohio, High School.

Cyrus \V. Field, formerly of Akniii, Ohio,
has accepted a position as principal of the
shorthaiKl atul penmanship dejiartments of
the Jack.-^on i.xiich.i Business I'niversitv.
The P.. .\. A: B. E. wishes Mr. Field much
success in his new Helih

Tin- niieeliilfr nV. Vii.J Aeir.s of Sep-
tember I contains a column account of an
e.xhibitiim of shorthand writing at the
Elliott School ..f Business of that citv . Pr.if.
\V. E. \an Wert, principal of the i-h.lrtliand
department, blindf.ilded. wr.ife coiisider-
ablv .iver .me hundred wor.ls :i minute in
(iregg sh.irtliaiid. from dictation of new
matter. When the liaiidkercliief was re-
moved from his eves lie rai.i.llv read his
n.ites without an error. The article pays a
liigli compliment to the (Jregg System of
Sh.irthand and also to the Elliott school in
general. » - "

J. M. Reaser resigned his position with flu-
Mass. .Mntiuil Life Insurance Co. to re*
engage in teaching. He has contracted to
fill his former positi.in with the Danville
(Va.i .Militarv Institute at an increase in
salarv. Mr. R. is a warm supporter of Thk
PEN>i-\N-.\kTisr .\xu Business Ei)IC-\-
lOK. ' * •

C. .\. Robertson, formerly with Hinman's
Business College, Springfield, Mass., has
engaged with Bett's Academy. Stamford.
Conn. • * '

C. L. .Michael, wh.) was forinerlv con
nected with the Evergreen lAla.l Agricul-
tural Coll. ge. has been elected Princip;d .if
theCommercial Sell. ...1 of the West \'irgini:i
University ..f .^lorgantown. W. \a.

Mr. H. C. Beattv, formerly of Omaha,
Nell,, is now with the Baltim.ire i Md.i Bnsi
ness College. * * *

K. B. Hull is now connected with the
Oberlin lO.i Business College. He rep.irt-
a full school.

School news.



Bv the time this number of ..ur i..iiriKi
reach. -ssubscribers.c.. Ill mercial sch....l- u il
;ill b<- riiililiiig with high >teaiii pr. - or
iH.th .lax ;nid night. From rep. irt> t liii- f;i
ri-ceiviMJ.tli.-in.licati.insare that I lie ;i ft in.!
aiice xvill be cousi.lerabl v larger than it xv a
last xear. Thi- is verv grafif x iug iiexx-
Business education is viexxed bv all classe
of persons t.iday xvitli far more fav.ir thai
it has ever been hef.^ire, and the future .i
tlie commercial school seems verx- bright.

We should be pleased to hear from on
friends regarding the attendance this x e:i
as compared with that .if last year.

" .School is considerably ahead of last ye;i
at this time," writes W. F. Giesseman n
the C". C. C. College, Des Moines, la.

C P. Lord, principal of the Salem (Mass.
Commercial School, reports that their scho.!
opened with an increase in attendance n
more than twenty per cent, over last yeai

The S.mth Beii.l i Ind. i Tribune of Septeii
ber .".th, gixes c.n-i.K-rable -pac- t.i an ac
count ..f the l:ill ..peiiiiig.il tluS..utli Hen.
C.iniiuercial L.. liege. I'lie -cliool .ipeiied ..i
September 4tli. and has an euroUinent .i
150 pupils.



Mr. Hurt German, propriet.ir ..f the ( )lii..

Hu-iuess University. Fr, ut. ( l., rep.irts

that their scho.. I ..peiie.l xiith an attendance
..f ;ib.,iit double the number they had last

C. C. Canan, of Bank's Business College,
Philadeljjhia, Pa., writes that their school
opened September ."(rd xvitli ;i x-erx- large
;itteiidance. ' - * - s

The PlainHeld l.N. J.l Dnilv Pri-sa of .Sep-
tember IL'th contains the foiloxving news re-
gar.ling the c.immercial xvork iirthe High
Sell....! .if that place:

" r iiiii iil.irix in the commercial course at

flu lli^li s, I I there haxe been .some val-

iKilili .hang.- and ailditions made. The
coiir-e i- a comparati x elx- llex^ .me but its
value as a pnlilic educational iiistituti..n is
well recognized. It is :iimed to Ht graduates
fr.im that department for an :ictive life in
the business xvorl.l xvitli. mt further training,
and. to that en.l, the best modern meaiis
:il..iig th.ise lines XX ill betaken adxantageof.

"Tiii- vear. the c.immercial course has
been enlarge.l bx the :i.lditi.,ii ..f hist.irv,
literature, ancient ..r iiio.lern languages,
and the sciences as electixe subjects. The
c.urse in b,..ikkeepiiig ha- been iinpn.ved
l.vtlie incorporation of the lu.ist np-to-date
office ineth.ids xvith a iiexv svsteni. .\ nexv
sv-tem of sh.irfhanil.tlu- ■(;regg." has been
iiitr...luced. The xx..rk in txpexvriting has
been strengthened ami the popular " touch "
or all-finger metli.nl xvill be taught.

" The commercial room has been equipped
xvith nexv desks of tin- hitesf pattern for the
teacher and pupils. Tlier.- area utiniberof
conx'eniences proxided xv liicli are ..ulx t.i be
foundintheinost iip-t. I .late -ch. )..!>. Oe.irge
Weeks Sandford is the instruct. .r in this de-
partment and has alreadx- shown hisabilitx-
to successfully direct that part .if thework."

The shorthand classes of the P. R. R.. V.
M. C. A., of Philaihlidiia. Pa., commenced
theirusual F;ill Term <.ii Oct. .ber'Jnd. ( txviiig
to the great siuce - of last vears classes, a
large number of students applie.l f.ir adiuis-
sioii, but c.iuld not be adinifted as the
Chisses ;.re limited to tiftx. The te.xt-lio..k
lise.l in these classes is the Isaac Pitman
C.inii.lete Instructor, an.l the teacher is .M r.
WiUiain R. Tavlor, a xerv able e-xp.inent of
the Isaac Pitman sv-tem. Owing to the
nuniberof application- luaile to the Educa-
tioiKil Committee of this .\-s..ciat ion in re-
gard to the matter of arrangement f..r adili
ti.inal shorfhatiil practice, a special Spi-e.l
C.iurse has been iiK.ugurated. and xvliich
xvill be ill operation from Oct. iber t.. .x|areh.
Among- the books used in this dictation
course will be Pitman's Twentieth Ceiiturv
Dictation and Legal Forms.

J. L. Haxward. one of the l.n.priet.irs ..f
the .Nortiraniptou. i M;i-s.i Coniniercial Col-
lege, and ;ni ..III frieil.l an.l f..riiier pupil of
editors Zaner and lil.iser. vvrifi-s:

"We are starting out vvilh a go.i.ll v iium
ber. more, ilianv times, iver than ever I ..-(..r.-.

of which we are not c plaining one bit.

We started out this vear with five times as
inanx as last xear. so von see that xve have
rea-.iiis to rejoice." ' - -

After renexving his subscription to the
PKN-Xf-VX-AKIlST .\M1 BlSlNESS EDICA-
lOK. Mr. C. B. Mimson, of the Brazil iliid.l
Husiness Universifv. xvrites: "( liir school
opened xvith three time- the enr.illment xve
had last year at the opening and xvith pros-
pects for man v more. 1 beliexe we will ha\-e
;i successful vear in spite of the 'full dinner
p:iil and the '"rough rider camiiaign.'"



much Tnterested

.N.\ iio-\.\i. Kiirc.\'ri(i\.\i. .\.-sik ia i i.i\.

Dept. of Business Education.

Dr. Edxv. W. Stitt, Secv.

.\PAV YOKK. "Oct. 1. UKUI.
Dear Mr. (Javlord: I have been luiicli
interested in the issue of the PF.N.M-\N-
.\R1IST AM) BtsrxKSS EIHC.XTOR xvhicli
I liiive just received, and xvisli it could be
ill the hands of ex erv teacher xvlio is pre-
paring bovs for the actix-ities of business
life. Enclose.l please find check f..r$l.lKl for
-uli-cripti.in for one xear from .\ox . 1st.
Trusting that your attractive and up-to-
date journal mav meet xvith the success
xvhich it seems to deserve. I am xvith sin-
cere congratulations, Verv truly xours.
h:iiw. W. Srirr.



Editor Palmer Sends eongratulations

Fi.:iE.\DS Z-WKK c\c Bi.user: - The Pen-

MAX-AKTIST A.NIl BlSIXESS EOIC-VTOK for

Sefitember is %-erv beautiful. .M v congratu-
lations. " l_'.iriliallv.

A. N. P-\i.xer,
Cedar Rapids, la.



Qk>9h6^^mmAm>-QijJtM and J^uiMi>€i^&Ui«akr^^



(^banging from Slant to Uertical

Backhand eause and eure

Those who mlopt tlic vertical have a diffi-
cult question to <leci<le and that is whether
it should be introduced intothe lower jjrades
onl\' or whether it should be adopted in all
tile A:rrades. There are many schools that
coniiuence<l in the first and second grades
and allowed it to work upthrough the higher
i^rades while nuiti>- others changed from the
slant to the vertical in all the grades at the
start. If the writing is good in the Gram-
mar grades, then there is certainly nnich
doubt as to the wisdom of making a change
but if the writing is nnsatisfactory then I
would not hesitate to recommend a change,
in all the grades. The objection to chang-
ing in the higher grades is that the pupils
have formed the slant habit and therefore
ought tiot to be required to break it up,
especially as the time maj' be too short for
them to master the vertical before they
leave school.

The arguments in favor of a change in all
the grades, which might be inade as the
result of experience, are:

It is better to teach only one system and
style of writing. A medley will not prove
very satisfactory.

If the vertical is better than the slant all
the pupils should be giveti an opportunity
to learn it.

N<lVEr,TY .STIMLT-ATES INTEREST .VXll
EFFORT

The vertical being new and novel, and the
latest "fad" or "fashion," the pupils will
take it up with a great deal of enthusiasm
and as the change will require earnest,



Online LibraryDonald B. (Donald Budd) ArmstrongThe Penman-Artist and Business Educator (Volume 6-8) → online text (page 18 of 225)