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Sarcasm is one of Mr. Marshall's most dan-
gerous rhetorical weapons, and he is a past-
master in its use, but m the admirable ad-
dress that he gave at the Milwaukee banquet
he struck a high note which carried him
happily <ibove the range of sarcasm. He
made an earnest plea for higher practical
ideals in our twentieth century teaching,
concluding with Edmund Vance Cook's
recently published poem, " How I>id You
Die?" which was recited very effectively.

The best of the wine was kept to the last
of the feast, for beyond doubt none other
than Mrs. John K. Gregg could possibly,



at almost one o'clock in the morning, have
kept an all but wornout audience awake, to
say nothing of arousing enthusiasm. Bui if
any mere man had dared to blink an eyelid
during the spirited postprandial address of
Mrs. Gregg, we are sure that he would have
been unceremoniously dropped from the
tifth scory window of the banquet hall to
the inelastic pavement below, in order that
he might be thoroughly awakened — or
properly put to sleep. Mrs. Gregg declared
that if woman could not be elected to Con-
gress, she would at least be Speaker of the
House — and now we know why .John Rob-
ert is so meek, and therefore why he seems
about to " inherit the earth." Mrs. Gregg
has a voice of excellent quality for public
.speaking, she used pure English, and she
is a good enough railway ofKcial to appre-
ciate the importance and use of good termi-
nal facilities.

The Milwaukee banquet will be long re-
membered for the lateness of the eating,
the very ordinary menu, the conspicuity of
the Saxon hotel manager, and the unusual
excellence of the speaking.

MRS. J. K. GREOG, CHICAGO.




Cbe Private Gommcrcial School
managers' JI$$ociation.

KEIOKTED BY JOHN K. GREGG, CHICAGO.

For some weeks previous to the Milwau-
kee meeting ihere was much s)ieculation
afloat as to the probable nature of the (iro-
ceedingb nf the Private Commercial School
Business Managers' Association. It seemed
to be the general impression among school
men that the Association was "getting out
of its swaddling clothes" to quote Presi-
dent Enos Spencer, and that it was about
to adopt some measures of far-reaching
importance to scliocd proprietors. This
belief probably .iccounted for the fact that,
although the first meeting was held two
days in advance of the regular opening of
the convention, the attendance far exceed-
ed that of any meeting of the Association
held last year.

President Enos Spencer delivered an able
and virile address in which he reviewed the
work of the Association in the past and
made a number of i.uportant recommend*-
tions. Incidentally, he delighted the audi-
ence by his plain-spoken references to those
"narrow-minded, selfish and penurious"
school men who held aloof from the organ-
ization while profiting by its labors. Among
other things, he declared that the endorse-
ment of a particular typewriter by the As-
sociation last year had resulted in conces-!
sions from other companies favorable to the
schools. The recommendations of Mr.
Spencer were afterwards, by vote of the
audience, placed in the hands of a commit-'
tee instructed to have theju duidicated and
distributed among the meudjers to facilitate
discussion in the afternoon session. A
these recommendations were discussed i
executive session, we cannot refei to thei
here.

The consternation of those assembled ma
be imagined when it was announced thi
the secretary and treasurer, Mr. M. G. Rohl
bough, was not present, and had omitted ti
forward the books or records of the Associ^
tion. As privacy was absolutely imperi
tive regarding most of the proceedings, am
there was no way of ascertaining who we!
or were not members of the association, or
of reporting the work of the organization in
the past year, it a]ipeared that the on^f
thing to do was to adjourn, and a motion
was actually made to that effect. Here was]
a situation ! A large number of .school prO'
prietors had come froju all parts of the
country at considerable expense, two days
in advance of the Federation opening, at a
time when the approach of the January
opening of their schools made every day of
importance to them, and all this sacrifice of
time and ujoney was to be rendered abso-
lutely useless through the negligence or in-






9f\fQ> i^^iUJilrhek^ &6\iMi^Q^Qr ^



difference of one ma,a. As a matter of fact,
the books and records did not arrive until

j Monday or Tuesday, too late to be of any
material service.

I Mr. Lyons interposed with the suggestion

! that the time might be spent in discussing
those things which were of a general na-
ture, and the motion to adjourn was with-
drawn. The remainder of the session, to
which so manj' had looked forward in the
confident expectation that it would bring
forth something of momentous importance,
was spent in discussing questions which ob-
viously belonged more properly to the short-
hand or business sections.

The first topic was : " How much of a
business course should young ladies be en-
couraged to take who are prejiaring them-
selves for stenographic positions?"

Mr. Lord said that in his school most stu-
dents take the whole course and ''some of
them take it twice." Mr. Bartlett stated
that it was mandatory in his school for
the student to be proficient in punctua-

) tion, spelling, correspondence and i)ennian-

I ship, as well as in shorthand and typewrii-
ing, in order to graduate. He believed that
a small set of books in the hands of each
student would be of incalculable value. In
spelling, students were required to correctly
spell 90 out of 100 words.

Dr. Rowe declared that the whole matter

; -was covered by the question : " H(jw juuch
will she need to make her services valuable

' as a stenographer?" What was expected

' of a lirst-cJass stenographer? To take dic-
tation, which brings into use knowledge of

1 English and punctuation. The stenogra-
pher does not need book-keeping, penuian-
ship, etc. , but it is important that she should
understand business papers and their uses —
bills, notes, drafts, acceptances, endorse-
ments, because these things are referred to
in the correspondence, and it would be diffi-
cult for the stenographer to write intelli-
gently without some knowledge of them.
He believed it desirable that the stenogra-
pher should have at least an elementary
knowledge of accounts, and pointed out that
many large houses were now employing
stenographers to make out statements on the
machine. The stenographer should also
know something of comjuercial law, so as to
be able to write contracts and legal papers ;
in fact, he thought a good law book should
be used for dictation purposes to accustom
the student to law terms. For this reason
he often recommended teachers inquiring
for a dictation book to use Richardson's

i Commercial Law, published by the Sadler-
Rowe Company. (Here President Spencer

^

! CHAS. J. S:>IITH, PITTSBURG, PA.




instructed the acting secretary to charge up
ten dollars against Dr. Rowe for advertising.)

Mr. Walter Rasmussen stated that in his
school students were required to write forty
or fifty law forms, and an explanation was
given of the terms occurring in them.

Mr. C. M. Bartlelt next gave an interest-
ing account of the work of his Practice De-
partment, explaining how students were in-
structed in the use of duplicating processes
and letter filing by the various methods.

Mr. C. M. Miller described the work of
his Jlodel Office, a term borrowed from his
friend, Mr. Lord. In this department there
are thirty machines in drop cabinet desks ;
a teacher is in charge who dictates to the
students, both collectively and individually.
The letters are afterwards dissected, the
information c<mtained in them placed on
cards and duly filed, under the direction of
the teacher. While this department is a
regular [lart of the school, the whole effort
is "to cre.ite the business atmosphere sur-
rounding a business office." As a result,
students take uiore responsible positions
and command larger salaries at the begin-
ning of their business experience. The
time spent in the department depends upon
the ease with which the student masters the
various duties.

A very lively discussion then ensued be-
tween Mr. Bartlett and Mr. Walker as to the
l)ropriety of charging for the work done by
students, Mr. Walker contending that such a
department conducted on an earning basis
was delriiuental to the interests of regular
stenographers

As illustrating the value of an elementary
knowledge of bookkeeping, Mr. Walker
gave an amusing account of an experience
he had in straightening out the books of a
partnership. One jiartner had entered all
money taken out by I he other in the expense
account, but when he took out any money
himself he did not enter it any where.
Uncle Robert here interrupted by inquiring
if the name of the " other ]nu-tner " hap-
pened to be Warr — Mr. J. W. Warr, being
Mr. Walker's partner in the college conduct-
ed by him. This started the fun, and dur-



M. H. LOCKYE.\K, EVANSVII-I.E, IND.



ing the remainder of Mr. Walker's recital,
Uncle Robert exercised his talent for mak-
ing humorous comments and in<juiries until
the entire audience was convulsed. The
climax was reached at the conclusion of Mr.
Walker's rejnarks when Mr. Spencer gravely
proposed a vote of thanks to him for the
entertainment he had given us.

In response to a request we ne,xt gave our
views, slating that students in the Gregg
School were encouraged to take the com-
bined course, and that where shorthand
students were deficient in penmanship they
were sent to the commercial department for
special instruction in that subject. Some of
the speakers had referred somewhat slight-
ingly to penmanship because stenographers
were not required to transcribe in longhand,
but it was clear that unless a student had a
perfect command of hand, and a free move-
ment in writing, she could not hope to be-
come a very rapid or a very accurate stenog-
rapher.

The next topic discussed was, " Should
commercial schools devise the office methods
to be used, or should they be governed by
what mercantile establishments used?" Mr.
C. M. Miller believed there could be but
one answer to that question ; that schools
should train their students in the use of the
methods they are likely to be called upon to
use when they leave the school.

A gentleman whose name was not given
took the opposite ground, contending that
it was the duty of the school to plan im-
proved methods and explain their uses to
the student, so that he could effect improve-
ments when he found existing methods de-
fective.

The writer expressed the opinion that
with so many concerns constantly devising
new and improved office methods, the busy
school proprietor was fortunate if he could
find time to make himself fully ac(|uainted
with those methods already on the market.
It is not the province of the school to devise
or create new office devices any more than it is
to devise or create a demand for new type-
writers.

The proceedings at the other meetings of
the Association were for the most part held
in executive session, and cannot therefore
be reported. It will suffice to say that it
was decided that the suit in regard to second-
class rates on school journals should not be
carried to the Supreme Court. The Legis-
lative Committee was, however, continued
with a view to securing concessions favor-
able to commercial schools.

A committee to look after the interests of
business schools at the St. Louis World's

ENOS SPENCER, I-OUISVILLE.





GEO. K LORD, SALEM, MASS.



U. S. FRVE, CHICAGO.



K. A. BKUBKCK, NKW LONDON, CONN. W. E. WHITE, QUINCY, ILL.



Fair was appointed consisting o£ E. H. Fitch,

St. Louis, L. A. Arnold, Denver, and

The most notable feature in connection
with the proceedings of the Association was
a paper on "Organization," by Dr. II. M.
Kowe. This paper was the subject of much
vigorous discussion ; and while there was
considerable difference of opinion regarding
some of the plans outlined in it, the paper
was conceded to be an extremely able one.
It was evidently the outcome of much close
and long-continued thought, and greatly en-
hanced the reputation of its author as a
thinker and organizer. A committee of tive
was afterward appointed to take up the
question of organization and submit a plan
at the next meeting of the Association,
which is to be held in Boston next .July, in
connection with the convention of the Na-
tional Teachers' Association. This com-
mittee consists of H. M. Kowe, (Chairman),
K. C. Spencer, F. B. Virden, C. M. Miller,
and J. C. Walker.



Lockyear, Evansville, Ind. ; W. T. Boone, South
Bend, Ind.: W. B. Elliott. Wheeling, W. Va.; E. H.
Pritch. St. Louis, Mo. ; S. Van Vliet, Cleveland.
Ohio; J. A. Lyons. Chicago, 111. : R. A. Brubeek,
New London. Conn. ; .J D. Brunner, Marion,
Ind. ; A. F. Harvey, Waterloo, Iowa ; G. P. Lord,
Salem, Mass.; F. M. .\llen. Wilkes Barre, Pa ;
H. M . Rowe, Baltimore, Md. ; Walter Rasmussen,
St. Paul. Minn.; C. M. Bartlett, Cincinnati, Ohio;
J. C. Walker, Danville, 111. ; .J. L. Stephens, Lin-
coln, Neb. ; A. N. Palmer, Cedar Rapids, la. ; E.
C. Bigger, Lincoln, Neb.; Wm. Lueders, Sterling,
III. ; N. B. Van Matre, Omaha, Neb. ; J. F. Fish,
747 N. Robey, Chicago ; J. W. Martindill, Manis-
tee, Mich. ; G. A. Golder, St. Paul, Minn. ; H. B.
Boyles, Omaha, Neb. ; H. B. Virden, Chicago,
111.; F. J. Risinger, Utica. N. Y. ; O. L. Trenary,
Kenosha, Wis. ; C. P. Meade, Syracuse, N. Y. ; E.
J. O'Sullivan, Winnipeg, Canada.



members Business managers.

A. L. Gilbert, Milwaukee, Wis. ; C. M. Wilmot,
Milwaukee, Wis. ; G. W. Brown, Jacksonville,
111.; A. Rheude, Milwaukee, Wis. ; G. C. Chris-
topherson, Sioux Falls, S. D. ; Chas. M. Miller,
New York City ; D. E. Johnson, Fon dii Lac,
Wis. ; Wilton E. White. Quincy, 111. ; M. H.



Heport «l the

Business Ceacbcrs' Jlssociatioti.

BY W. E. WHITE, QUINCY, ILL.

Milwaukee, Wis., Dec. 29, 1902.

The Business Teachers' Association con-
vened in the rooms of the Spencerian Busi-
ness College.



Cbe Cineoln, nebraska. Business eolleae Delegation.




W. N. WATON. MRS. E. C. BIGGER. E. C. BIGGER.

CLARA B. WILLIS. J. L. STEPHENS. MRS. J. L. STEPHENS.



The time from 9 to 10 A. M. was taken up
with registration of members.

W. E. White, of Quincy, was appointed
temporary secretary.

President Frye, on account of other du-
ties, turned the meeting over to Vice Presi-
dent Brubeek, who took charge.

At the instance of the vice-president a
committee, consisting of Carl C. Marshall,
of Cedar Rapids ; J. A. Hiner, of Louis-
ville ; F. M. Allen, of Wilkes Barre; and
N. B. Van Matre, of Omaha, was appointed
to draft suitable resolutions expressing the
sympathy of the members with our honored
president on the recent death of his wife.

The report of the executive committee
was read by J. C. Walker, of Danville, 111.

President Frye delivered an address on
his work in connection with the bank ex-
aminer, at Chicago, giving many interesting
points in this connection. He also made
some valuable suggestions on auditing.

In the absence of Secretary J. H. Graf-
ton, the temporary secretary was elected to
that office for the session.

W. T. Bookmyer, of Sandusky, O., sent
notice he could not be present.

J. A. Hiner, of Louisville, Ky , present-
ed his paper on " What a Business Educa-
tion Ought to Do for the Individual." This
paper was discussed by Geo. W. Brown, of
.lacksonville, III , in a way that excited con-
siderable enthusiasm.

The President then appointed a Confer-
ence Committee on the Spencerian library
project. This committee consisted of Geo.
W. Brown, of Jacksonville, 111. ; H. M.
Rowe, Baltimore, Md.; and W. H. Whigam,
Chicago.

R. A. Brubeek, of New London, Ct., then
delivered an able discussion on " The Fu-
ture of the Business Schools," in which he
expressed his belief that they would remain
a permanent feature of our educational sys-
tem.

S. B. Fahnestock, of McPherson, Kan.,
read an able paper on " Discipline," illus-
trated with several interesting object lessons
designed to show his method of attracting
the attention of his pupils and of develop-
ing their powers of concentration.

W. T. Boone, of South Bend, Ind., led in
the discussion of Mr. Fahnestock's paper
under the heading of, " Problems that Con-
front the Teacher." Other discussion fol-
lowed.

The committee on resolutions reported
through its chairman the following expres-
sion of sympathy, which on motion was
adopted and ordered spread on the minutes,
and the secretary was instructed to prepare
a copy to be presented to our president, Mr.
U. S. Frye.



J. A. HiXEK, Loris\ ir,r,E, kv.




WHIGAM. ClIlCAfU



BOONE, St)rTH BEND, IND.



K^solution.



lent.pain-



WhekEAS. a iluinestic be
fill and j;revi<jus beyond the power
to express, has fallen witli crushing force
npon tlie heart and life of the worthy and
honorable president of this association, and
whereas, thoujih we realize that no passible
expression of sympathy and condolence
niav assuage the pain of such a grief, we
yet' know that the desire to offer such an
expression rises naturally' in ever^* manly
or wonianlv heart, and marks that -'fellow-
feeling that makes tlie whole world kin."

THEi^EFoRE. Resolverl. that iti the recent
death of Mrs. Amanda Madeline Frye, there
lias gone from among us. and from her sor-
rowing husband, a noble and gracious pres-
ence, a bright and winning companion, a
faithful friend, and a loving wife.

KESOLVEH, That sorrowfully, and in ten-
derest symi>athy. we offer to her stricken
husband' and family ourdeepest condolence
and cite him to such consolation as may be
drawn from a remembrance of the virtuous
and lovable qualities of her that has passed
away, and from that promise of hope that
the (jiver of all Joy and Sorrow lias vouch-
safed to them that walk in the way of truth
and love.

f Carl C. Marshall.
Committee; J; A^HINER.^

IX. B. Van Matre.

A motion to appoint a committee to look
up more members was laiil on the taljle.

December 30, 1902.

The Secretary was instructed to read a
letter from D. \V. Springer, of Ann Arbor,
Mich., stating his inability to be present to
present his (laper on " Commercial (Teogra-
pliv." On motion the same was placed on
file".

D. W. Springer, of Ann Arbor, sent
his paper to the secretary to be read before
the convention, but on account of the crowd-
ed condition of tlie program the same was
ordered printed in the " Practical Ag(^ " for
the benefit of the members of the section.

Wilton E. White, of Quincy, 111., then
led in a symposiuui on " An Ideal Busi-
ness Practice Course" in which stress was
laid on an ideal course of practice, an
ideal teacher, and ideal e()uipment. J. C
Walker, of Banville, followed on the
same topic, using blackboard illustrations
and emphasizing business-like transactions
to the exclusion of overdrawn conditions
and unheard of undertakings. W^. H.
Whigam, of Chicago, followed as the third
member of the symposium, discussing some
points mentioned in the previous papers and
also many new features, such as the import-
ance of intercommunication, etc.

The discussion which followed was very
spirited. Enos Spencer, J. R. Brandrup,
U. S. Frye, M. Lister, H. M. Rowe, Geo.
P. Lord, and O. L. Triuary, participating.

Enos Spencer, of Louisville, Ky., then
read his paper on " Advanced Accounting,"
strongly recommending loose leaf systems,



the banisliing of expense account, the prun-
ing of the merchandise account, the use of
adding machines, and noted the fact that
courts of law are now insisting on the use of
typewritten records

M. H. Lockyear, of Evansville, Ind., at
the invitation of the Business Teachers'
section, presented his paper on " How and
Where Business Schools Should Advertise."
He condemned programs, special editions,
etc., and recommended local city dailies and
country weeklies. He also thought small
space used often better than broadsides
occasionally. He also urged the use of good
paper and good printing in the school
papers and circulars. Mr. Lockyear's
paper was well received and called forth
considerable favorable couiment. It was
written to be read before the Private vSchool
Managers' Association, but was crowded out
of that section for want of time.

The newly elected president appointed
the following as the executive committee
for the ensuing year : W. H. Whigam,
Carl C. Marshall, and J. A. Hiner.

Adjourned to general session.

December 31, 1902.

Several members who could not be pres-
ent, sent in their membership fees, among



them being J. A. Clark, D. L. Musselman,
A. W. Dudley, D. W. Springer, Chas. Her-
mann, .J. C. Olson.

J. W. Warr, editor of the " Practical
Age," read his paper on the " Use and
Abuse of the Tongue in the School Room."
It was a strong paper, and sparkled with
Br.ither Warr's usual good sense.

A spirited joust of "hobby" riding was
then indulged in, and a series of short ex-
temporaneous talks on points of teaching,
which the members thought worthy of
special attention in the school work, resulted.
J. C. Walker, of Danville, III., touched on
his pet nobby of teaching spelling. This
was discussed by several members.

Carl C. Marshall aired his plan of teach-
ing some composite numbers less than one-
hundred which do not appear in the ordinary
multiplication table. Discussed by Dr.
Rowe, of Baltimore.

M. Lister, of Milwaukee, spoke of his
method of teaching the subject of journal-
izing with special reference to drafts and
notes. Discussed by Carl Marshall and
Enos Spencer.

Enos Spencer then rode his hobby of
making students clean, accurate writers and
calculators. He used the blackboard to
illustrate his ideas of the utility of cross
multiplication.



Cbe Capital City Commercial College Delegation. Des IHoines.




W. F. GIESSEM.W.



BION BOSL.WGH.



W. J. S?IITH.



B. F. WILLIAMS.

I. U. C.^ROTHEKS



^FKeldu^Jlrve^£cl>u»e»cbtGr ^



Mr. Lockvear showed his method of using
check figures and also spoke on rapid addi-
tion methods. This subject was further dis-
cussed by W. E. White, Enos Spencer, M.
Lister, J. C. Walker, G. E. King, Robert C.
Spencer, and others.

Dr. Rowe extended a cordial invitation
to the section to meet at the Heltiey School
in Brooklyn with the Eastern Commercial
Teachers' Association. No action was
taken on the invitation.

N. B. Parsons, of the Library Bureau of
Chicago, read a paper on the " Value of
Card Systems." He thought that results
were at least two to one in favor of the
cards ; but made the point that they were
not perfect, and that they required as much
attention as other systems. He showed
that they were especially adapted to insur-
ance companies, banks, signature books,
savings accounts, commercial ledgers, etc.,
and strongly recommended the use of the
vertical tiling system. On motion a vote
of thanks was extended to Mr. Parsons,
which was gracefully acknowledged.

On motion the body adjourned to "take
the Wisconsin teachers' examination" pro-
vided by " Uncle " Robert. Dr. Rowe re-
ceived the highest markings on the test,
which was very exhaustive. Certificates
will be issued later.



members Business Section.

f. S. Fry, Chicago, 111. ; E. W. Spencer, Mil-
waukee, Wis. ; A. C. Scott, Warren, 111. ; J. C.
Walker, Danville, 111. : Wilton E. White, Quin-
cy. III. ; J. A. Hiner, Louisville. Ky. ; Mi?s Cath-
erine German, Louisville, Ky. ; Sidney L. Daily,
LaCrosse, Wis. ; A. C. Peck, Manitowoc, Wis. ;
R. A. Brubeck, New London, Conn.; W. ,1. Smith,
Des Moines, la. ; Geo. A. Colder, St. Paul, Minn. ;
Louise Stephens, Lincoln, Neb. ; J. L. Stephens,
Lincoln, Neb. ; G. C. Christopherson, Sioux
Falls; E. C Bigger, Lincoln, Neb.; Ida Bigger,
Lincoln, Neb. ; S. J. Ebert, Oshkosh. Wis. : Geo.
W. Wegenseller, Middleburg, Pa.; Minard Lis-
ter, Milwaukee, Wis. ; J. W. Warr, Moline, 111. ;
G. E. King, Cedar Rapids, la. ; John A. White.
Moline, 111.; W. T. Boone, South Bend, Ind ;
W. A. Marriner, Des Moines, la. ; E. F.
Williams, Des Moines, la.; W. C. Wallaston,
Beloit, Wis.: R. C. King. Osage, la.; N. B. Van-
Matre, Omaha, Neb.; H. D.Harris, Baltimore.
Md.; T. .1. Williams, Oshkosh. Wis.; B. Bos-
laugh, Des Moines, Ta. ; Howard Van Deusen,
Owensboro, Ky. ; O. E. Barker, Indianapolis,



Ind.; H. M. Rowe, Baltimore, Md. ; M. H. Lock-
year, Evansville, Ind.; Carl C. Marshall, Cedar
Kapids, la. ; L. L. Hine, Milwaukee, Wis.; J. E.



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