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THE
AMERICAN HEART



By
DOROTHY FROOKS, LL. B.; U. S. N. R. F.



With an Introduction By
DR. HENRY CLEWS



KANSAS CITY. MISSOURI

BURTON PUBLISHING COMPANY
Publishers and Booksellers



^p



Copyrighted 1919

By

BURTON PUBLISHING COMPANY

Kansas City, Mo.



©CI.A525895



JUN 17 i9l9



">vo I



With love and af>preciation this book
is dedicated to

My Parents
and the American Hearts, ivho have
encouraged and i7ispired me in my work
for the United States and Allies,

Col. Robert M. Thompson

Col. T. Coleman DuPont

Lt. - Com. Christopher Marsden

Ho?i. William F. Mc Combs

Major J. Lincoln Adams

Ho7i. Francis J. Heney

James D. Phelan

Lady Gennessee Claflin Cook

Dr. Robert S. Freed77ian.



INTRODUCTION

I have the honor of being president of the
Peace and Arbitration League of which Presi-
dent Wilson and ex-President Taft are hon-
orary presidents, and who thoroughly believe
in the principles of our league. While I preach
peace with honor, such circumstances as war
should find us fully prepared for the unex-
pected, particularly at the vulnerable points
along our coast.

There was recently established at Cleveland,
Ohio, a World Court Congress of which I was
prime mover, for the purpose of advocating
and spreading far and wide the grand idea of
a Supreme Court of the World. I am glad
to say that in the programme for world peace,
it was expressly stated that the principles of
arbitration were still to be conserved as a pre-
ventive of war, and that appeal to the world
court was to be taken only after every other
means of settlement of disputes between na-
tions should have been tried. That is to say,
when arbitration is in vogue, it shows a reas-
onable attitude of mind, a desire to thrash out



8 The American Heart

and compose differences of opinion. It is an
expression in advance, of a wish to effect a
peaceful settlement. Let us continue to urge
all nations to adopt arbitration treaties with
each other and ourselves, thus preparing the
^vorld for the establishment of a World's Su-
preme Court.

As all progressive nations would be repre-
sented in the proposed world court, it vvill
probably form a body of jurists as large as
the Senate of the United States. Of course
our work is now only preparatory. The Ameri-
can citizens should not relax their efforts and
should use their influence to secure a lasting
peace if possible. The dreadful carnage and
the v\^oeful destruction of property in this ter-
rible war would make it obvious to the war-
ring nations that some other method than war,
to settle their differences, would have been
better. As peace advocates, we have right and
reason on our side. We aim to preserve and
construct, while war in the last analysis means
nothing but destruction and chaos. We are
progressing because we desire to conserve civi-
lization and true culture, and extend their
blessed influence over the entire world. The
business men of all nations deplore the bloody
conflict in Europe, for it will probably set the
wheels of progress back a quarter of a century
at least; in great part undoing the work of



The American Heart 9

business men, scientists, inventors and all en-
lightened and progress loving- people.

But there is a better day to come, the fact
that a supreme tribunal of the nations is nov/
proposed and will be, I believe formulated at
the coming Third Hague Conference, is in it-
self a bright augury for better things in the not
distant future. Governments can then avoid
v.-ar, v/hich at present the final arbiter of dis-
putes arising between them. We look forvv'ard
to a bright and happy time Avhen calm and
just decisions shall be rendered by an authori-
tative world tribunal and all disputants shall
separate in peace with honor.

The establishment of a world court would
be, also, an epochal event, as showing the won-
derful changes in human relations that have
taken place during the Nineteenth and Twen-
tieth centuries. It would be a sublime achieve-
ment, the most brilliant act of statemanship of
many years ; and the men Avho shall bring this
plan to completion on behalf of their respec-
tive nations will rank very high in history as
constructive statesmen.

The millions of soldiers engaged in this ter-
rible conflict are, for the most part, recruited
from the ranks of the workers, the men who
labor in the field and mine and factory ; who
do the rough work of the world, who are the
bone and sineAV of every nation. It is they who



10 The American Heart

suffer the most, they, and their mothers, wives,
sisters and daughters; they must bear the
brunt of the hardships and deprivations of war,
and, as a consequence I predict that the work-
ingmen themselves will forbid w^ar in the fu-
ture. They have the political power to say to
their representatives, ''We will fight no more,"
for in the ballot and in the peace agencies estab-
lished at The Hague and in the Supreme Court
of the World, justice can be obtained without
ever again having recourse to the barbarous
arbitration of war to settle international dis-
putes.

Terribly destructive is modern warfare, v*^ith
its miissiles hurled from distances sometimes of
many, many miles, shattering and demolishing
hitherto impregnable fortifications. And when
these engines of destruction are directed
against the trenches, hundreds of thousands
of men die ingloriously, or are maimed, dis-
figured or crazed beyond redemption. They
have no chance to avoid death or injuries in-
flicted on them by the invisible but powerful
enemy. The scouts of the air indicate with
m.arvelous accuracy to the cannoneers the
exact location of the defenses — and behold,
these defenses are reduced to ruins in a few
minutes and their human occupants annihil-
ated, with God only knows, how much suffer-
ing, terror and despair. Wars in these days



The American Heart 11

are waged from the air by machines which
carry death-dealing bombs and piercing darts,
making for sudden destruction. They are car-
ried on from the sea by giant battleships and
other destroyers with long range guns belch-
ing fire and death at the helpless inmates of
the coast defenses ; and finally, wars are car-
ried on by the invisible, swift and merciless
submarine, whose sudden stroke sends im-
mense ships of war to the bottom of the sea
in a twinkling of an eye together vvith their
precious freight of human souls without an in-
stant given them to escape their horrible doom.

Where are now the pomp, glory and circum-
stance of war? Is there anything glorious,
anything to inspire and enthuse young people,
to kindle their hearts and brighten their eyes
in anticipation of high achievement in this
appalling kind of warfare? The saddest part of
the war is that the youth and flower of nations
is being shot to death as recklessly as the ani-
mals of the forest.

It is not surprising that the idea of peace
through arbitration should lead up to the pres-
ent movement to establish a high court for the
adjudication and decision of disputed questions
arising between nations. The uncivilizing and
brutalizing tendencies of war are visible to all
of us. We have only to read the Avar news in
our newspapers to feel an added horror of war,



12 The American Heart

which our peace societies have for many years
denounced as barbarous. So it is but a step
from the principle of arbitration (vv'hich we
have so long stood for and urged upon nations
as the best method of settling quarrels) to the
establishment of the Great Court of Nations
which is now proposed. Arbitration can settle
many questions finally and with honor to all
concerned, but a great International Tribunal
can, and shall, God v/illing, decide all questions
between disputants with high authority and
unquestioned finality.

What a grand prospect is here unfolded be-
fore us ! What a pleasing glimpse of a splen-
did future for mankind this great idea brings
to our minds and hearts ! Think of it, a v/hole
world at peace, nations as well as individuals —
scrupulous in respecting each other's rights ;
the strongest and most powerful as well as the
weakest on the same level of justice and hu-
manity! Men will no longer assert the hid-
eous doctrine that "might makes right," but
instead the entire world v/ill become peaceful,
law-abiding, happy and industrious — a glori-
ous consummation devoutly to be wished.

Due credit must be given to the efforts of
our present administration in the cause of
peace, regardless of the fact of the unavoidable
war. President Wilson has done a noble work,
following in the footsteps of AVilliam Howard



The American Heart 13

Taft in inaugurating and bringing to practical
completion arbitration treaties with foreign na-
tions thus putting America in the forefront as
the initiator and the greatest exponent of the
great idea of peaceful methods of the solution
of international problems ; which policy will
see its full fruition and magnificent culmina-
tion in the International Tribunal of Justice
ultimately to be established. Universal world
peace will ultimately prevail. The United
States of America, always in the vanguard of
progress and enlightenment, will lead the na-
tions onward to the ultimate goal. Even the
backward nations w^ill eventually participate in
the happy result. We are the pioneers in this
great work, the captains and leaders of this
new civilization. While Europe is plunged
into darkest misery and bitterest suffering, and
men curse and women weep, while they behold
the awful carnage and destruction all around
them, we, in this happier land, have offered
ourselves for humanity, hold out to them the
hope of a better order of things, when reason
and forebearance, calm and just counsel, shall
supercede the bitter and cruel law of sword
and gun and bayonet.

The civilized world gasped in astonishment
when, at the end of July, 1911, the first rum-
blings of this tremendous conflict were heard in
the world capitals. Men could not believe that



14 The American Heart

in this, the twentieth century of Christian civi-
lization, the enlightened peoples and govern-
ments of Europe could deliberately wage war
against each other on account of an obscure
and apparently unimportant event that had
transpired.

From the countries now at war have come
most of the greatest artists, authors, musi-
cians, surgeons, inventors, scientists, scholars,
architects, bankers, and business men of this
and past ages. Nations that have won fame
from the efforts of these men would naturally
be looked to, to preserve and not to destroy.
One round of shots from a battery of the mod-
ern great guns would wipe out a cathedral
that took centuries to build ; the flame kindled
from one fire bolt would destroy priceless
gems in an art gallery which for years have
been the pride of the world ; a stroke from the
butt of a rifle would mutilate the finest statue
which the greatest sculpture ever chisled with
infinite care and skill. Men drunk with the
lust of battle are inonclasts ; they destroy that
which they cannot create. In years to come
they will be imbued with the deepest regret,
that in the heat of the fray, when men are apt
to act before they think, they aided in wiping
out many pages in the history of civilization.

After the dreadful experience of this war,
nations should be compelled to invoke the in-



The American Heart 15

strumentality of the world court or a similar
agency of peaceful settlement. Governments
should never again be empowered to make war
(as it were over night). Practically disarma-
ment of huge military and naval forces will
eventually follow as a result of the present
war.

The common people will never again permit
their rulers to plunge them into wars solely
for their own ambitious designs. The Supreme
Court of the World will enforce its decrees by
an international police force.

We can all see then how small and pitiful
will be the puny ambitions of individual rulers
when the world is organized on the basis here
outlined. Every nation will see that it is to
their ow n interest to join, first, an international
peace league; secondly, to establish an inter-
national court of law and obey its mandates,
and thirdly, to enforce obedience, if necessary,
by the military power of the court.

But we may look further into the future and
foresee a time when force will no longer be
needed in international affairs. Forty-eight
states in our Union are an illustration of this.
The decrees of the Supreme Court of the
United States in litigation between different
states do not need force to secure their final-
ity. The highest law of the land is supreme,
but the forces back of it are always in abey-



16 The American Heart

ance. All the nations of Europe and other con-
tinents will in time be accustomed to the
American way of adjusting legal difficulties
between states and they will wonder why they
delayed so long in adopting so simple an ex-
pedient to avoid war.

I do not expect that in the immediate future
the millennium will dawn upon earth, when as
the prophet has said : "The lion and the lamb
shall lie down together, and a little child shall
lead them." For human nature is very imper-
fect; and strong and powerful individuals, the
same as nations, have to be restrained by the
strong arm of the law from abusing and prey-
ing upon their weaker brethren. But the
movement for the creation of a great Inter-
national Court of Justice brings us a step
nearer to that sublime idea of the inspired
writer, ''when men shall beat their swords into
plowshares and their spears into pruning
hooks," and they shall hear no more of war
upon the surface of this fair earth. In that day,
man shall indeed rejoice, reaping the fruits of
his labor in peace, happiness and prosperity,
and this world of ours shall become one vast
garden spot of humanity, while countless mil-
lions of God's happy children shall repeat for-
ever the angelic song: "Peace on earth, good
will to men."

This armed contest would never have oc-



The American Heart 17

curred if the question had been left to a vote
of the people through their elected representa-
tives ; therefore, I say, let the voice of the
people prevail hereafter in matters that con-
cern the peace of a nation and they will be-
come educated to their responsibilities, and life
and property will become safer all over the
world.

I firmly believe in the ability of our presi-
dent to carry us creditably and satisfactorily
through the present crisis. I ask you all to
stand by the president in this matter and to
rally around the flag, and God being with us,
we shall have nothing to fear in this land of
plenty.

It is with great pleasure that I have written
the preface to this book. Miss Frooks with a
desire to send her message out to the people
commanded my enthusiasm to express my
opinions. Her ambition to succeed deserves
the commendation of her friends, and I hope
tha-: her efforts at her first book will be ap-
preciated by every reader. I thank her for this
opportunity and I hope that her efforts will
serve to encourage and establish permanent
peace after the recognition of the great demo-
cratic principle, so dear to the American heart.

Henry Clews.



Heidelberg, Jan. 1, 1913.
Dear Kitty :

I am spending Christmastide in Germany
where the Yuletide festival originated. Surely
I am to be envied ! My good father and mother
were both, as you know, of German birth, and
although I am thoroughly American, having
been born in Massachusetts and educated at Har-
vard, I have always longed to visit the dear Fa-
therland of my ancestors. How justly proud are
the people of Germany of their native land ! My
father used -to say to me when I was a boy, "Re-
member my son that although Rome conquered
the world, Germany conquered Rome."

As I grew up and read books, I realized more
and more the truth of my father's declaration.
Sure, only Germany could have conquered Rome.
A? an American, proud of America's place in
history, I am still forced to recognize Germany
as the leading country of the world ; the country
whose brow has ever been crowned with the new-
est and best thoughts of humanity. Do you know
that it was a German, named by the Romans,
Arminius, and called the greatest hero, not only

18



The American Heart 19

of Germany, but of all those who speak the Eng-
lish language?

Do you know that just as in the days of
Christ, all the learning of the world was Greek,
so today, all the learning of the world is German ?
And here I am, spending this blessed season in
Germany, itself, and more than that a student of
classic old Heidelberg University. It is is well
that I have over my mantelpiece the stars and
stripes, or I might lose my patriotism for those
United States of America. Suffice it to say that
I am in love with Germany, Germans, and all
things Teutonic.

In my next I will tell you of a wonderful trip
I had yesterday on the Rhine from Mannheim to

Cologne.

Please do not be angry at my apparent lack of
patriotism for my native land, but really it is
hard to be enthusiastically patriotic over such a
huge melting pot ; such a wilderness of confused
nationalities. In reading this letter apply the ex-
hortation of St. Paul to the Phillipians, "Whatso-
ever things are honest, whatsoever things are
just, whatsoever things are lovely, whatsoever
things are of good report ; if there be any virtue
and if there be any praise, think on these things."

Twelve letters a year were promised, so I am
looking forward to one very soon.

Your affectionate friend,

William.



New York City, Jan. 25,1913.

Dear William :

You must always remember that colors of one
shade will blend, but a variety of colors is bound
to clash until a new combined shade is adopted.
So with countries.

You like Germany. I am glad you do as it
will make your stay and studies more pleasant.
Don't forget, however, that our melting pot is the
home of all the oppressed lands. When Russia
tortured her people to the extent that her citizens
flew in rage, our doors were open to the stricken
and wretched people of the East. When people
in Germany were not pleased, our lands seemed
to be their last resort. We have a large popula-
tion of Germans. If the conditions there are as
you say, perfect accord, true harmony, the high-
est of civilization, then why in the world do peo-
ple leave that country and come here? True, as
you say, Rome conquered the world and the Ger-
mans conquered Rome. Whether such an act is
that of civilization, remains to be proven by
every other civilized country in the world. You
should not put Germany on the highest plane, as

20



The American Heart 21

you have thoughtlessly compared only the two
countries. If you are partial in your choice I
can easily account for it.

The parental instincts developed within you
are manifested by your choice in taking a post
graduate course at Heidelberg. There is a cling-
ing of one to the land of one's birth. You are a
born American but the inner call, probably your
early influence was unjustly directed along the
lines of your ancestors, which inevitably pre-
dominates over your allegiance to your country.

If such were not the truth, why then did you
not choose to further your studies at an Ameri-
can institution or Oxford College at Cambridge,
England, or with the splendid knowledge of
French you command, why did you not choose
the University of Paris? There certainly was a
stronger German sway over you than you imag-
ined. I hope you will not sacrifice your patriot-
ism and remain there.

To make friends is a wonderful asset, and by
all means learn to love the German people and
learn to understand them. Friends have a great
influence over us. A group of friends well chosen,
thoroughly trusted and firmly held can bestow
upon a young person's life, benefits inestimable.
The touch and rub of life upon life, in the inti-
macy of a fine friendship, serves to bring man
and woman to a higher level of efficiency. It
requires thought and care to develop a worthy



22 THE American Heart

friendship — it will not grow of itself like a weed
— it is an orchid, rare, delicate, expensive. And
friends, the right kind of friends bring out the
good, the spiritual in people and I am sure that
as soon as man can reach the stage where there
is a mutual understanding, a feeling of confi-
dence will prevail.

If we were not two friends who trust each
other to the utmost, I am sure that you would not
confess that had you not the Stars and Stripes in
front of you, your loyalty would waiver. My dear
boy, you must remember one thing. It is that
spirit which you, I, and every one like us must
have so as to elevate our principles gradually, and
not condemn hastily. It is up to you, up to me,
up to every citizen of the United States, regard-
less of his or her racial ancestry, to rally round
our dear little flag and encourage it and when
we become as old a country as Germany, we shall
be rounded out in every direction. Although we
ar^ the youngest country, I feel certain that you
won't for a minute hesitate to agree that we are
one of the leaders in civilization.

I shall be glad to be posted and to get an in-
sight into Germany. What are their principles
of morality, industry, politics, and how do the
people look upon America?

Your sincere friend,

Kitty.



February 15, 1913.

Dear Kitty :

Your very welcome letter from New York re-
ceived. The only fault was it's brevity. I have
so much to tell you that this letter may be rather
prolix, but not, I hope, tiresome. Letters, like
books should, in the words of Sir Francis Bacon,
"be as grains of salt, which will give an appetite
rather than offend with satiety." However, it is
best to write as one speaks, naturally and kindly,
which is always my purpose.

I plead guilty to the charge of preferring an-
other country to my own, but remember I am
not the first offender in this regard. I share my
guilt with Tacitus of ancient Rome, who consid-
ered the morals and manners of the Germans su-
perior to those of his own countrymen. In a
measure I am particeps criminis with Gibbon, the
English historian, who said : "The most civilized
nations of modern Europe issued from the woods
of Germany ; and in the rude institutions of those
barbarians we may still distinguish the original
principles of our present laws and manners." Do
not forget, my little friend that America, Eng-

23



24 The American Heart

land, and even France are descended not from
Egypt, Greece or Rome, but from the tribes who
"issued from the woods of Germany." Yes, I
am a Germanophile, and if this be treason, make
the most of it.

But I must not forget my trip on the Rhine,
of which I promised in my last letter to tell you.
Manheim is a river town, twenty miles from
Heidelberg. Here we took passage at seven in
the morning on a splendid modern steamboat
and sailed for twelve hours on the historic and
beautiful Rhine, arriving at Cologne just as the
clock in the Cathedral announced the seventh
hour after noon. Comparisons, they say, are
odious, but sometimes they are also necessary
and instructive. 1 thought of the trip you and I
took with our dear parents on the Hudson River
from New York to Albany, and of how poorly it
compared with the ride from Manheim to Co-
logne.

Here is another illustration of truth conflicting
with patriotism, and Germany wins again.

There was one amusing incident of my Rhine
trip of which you must be told; you who are so
overfond of America and the English. I was in-
troduced on the boat to an Englishwoman, Lady
Muriel Buxton, who was seeing Germany with
the same air as the average person views a zoo-
logical garden. As we passed a particularly love-
ly castle, I remarked to her ladyship: "Is this



The American Heart 25

not a most beautiful river excursion?" Lady
Buxton adjusted her lorgnette, and answered,
"Yes, it is all right, but there are too many for-
eigners on the boat!" "Foreigners?" I inquired,
"do you mean English or Americans?" "Of
course not," she replied icily, "I mean Germans !"

Think of a brand of patriotism which prompts
one to describe Germans in Germany as "foreign-
ers !"

It was my good fortune to become acquainted
with one of these foreigners. Professor Ernest


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