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A study of Cn. Domitius Corbulo as found in the Annals of Tacitus online

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University of California.

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Ube mmverstts ot uincaao

POUNDED BY JOHN D. ROCKEFELLER



A STUDY OF CN. DOMITIUS CORBULO

AS FOUND IN THE "ANNALS"

OF TACITUS



A DISSERTATION

SUBMITTED TO THE FACULTY OF THE GRADUATE SCHOOL OF ARTS

AND LITERATURE IN CANDIDACY FOR THE DEGREE

OF DOCTOR OF PHILOSOPHY

(department of latin)



BY

DRAPER T. SCHOONOVER




Ube *Glnf\>ersitE ot Gbtcaao

FOUNDED BY JOHN D. ROCKEFELLER



A STUDY OF CN. DOMITIUS CORBULO

AS FOUND IN THE "ANNALS"

OF TACITUS



A DISSERTATION

SUBMITTED TO THE FACULTY OF THE GRADUATE SCHOOL OF ARTS

AND LITERATURE IN CANDIDACY FOR THE DEGREE

OF DOCTOR OF PHILOSOPHY

(DEPARTMENT OF LATIN)



BY

DRAPER T. SCHOONOVER




CHICAGO

THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO PRESS

1909



Copyright 1909 By
The University of Chicago



Published March iqog



Composed and Printed By

The University of Chicago Press

Chicago, Illinois, U. S. A.



PREFACE

The subject of this dissertation was suggested by Professor G. L. Hen-
drickson in a course given by him on the minor works of Tacitus at The
University of Chicago in the summer of 1906. The work was carried on
under his supervision and I am greatly indebted to him for kind and helpful
suggestions. My thanks are due also to Professor Frank Frost Abbott
who read the manuscript and made valuable criticisms.

D.T. S.

Marietta, Ohio



SUMMARY OF CONTENTS

Introduction

Views held by previous scholars regarding the account of Corbulo in the
Annals of Tacitus— Statement of the thesis— Tacitus used some encomi-
astic biography of unknown source.

Difference between Biography and History ....

One of technique— Clearly recognized by the ancients— History concerned
with facts of history per se— Biography concerned with facts to illustrate a
man's character.

Tacitus' Treatment of Leading Characters in His Histories—
Ostorius Scapula — Propraetor to Britain — Immediate action against the
natives— Revolt of the Brigantes and the Silures— Treatment of Caratacus
— Death of Ostorius — No sacrificing of historical narration.
Suetonius Paulinus—ln Britain— Invades the island of Mona— Descrip-
tion of the natives— Revolt of Boudicca — Defeat of Romans under Cerialis
— Suetonius' march to Londinium — Defeats the Britons — Tacitus again
adheres to the technique of history.

Chronology

No attempt to work out in detail— Campaign against the Chauci, 47 a.d.
— Corbulo appointed to the command in Armenia in 54 — In Artaxata in 59

— The miraculum in xiii. 41 taken to refer to the eclipse of April 30, 59

Corbulo reaches Tigranocerta in the fall of 59 — Under the year 62 events
narrated which occurred during the years 60-62— Corbulo in Armenia
in 63 brings about peace— No regard paid to narrating events in annalistic
order — The writer paid no attention to time.

Topography

Aegea— By inference winter quarters placed in northwest Armenia —

Trapezus — Volandum somewhere between Trapezus and Artaxata

Artaxata on the Araxes river— March along the borders of the Mardi—
Reaches Tigranocerta— Nisibis 37 (?) miles from Tigranocerta— The
writer had no clear idea of topography as shown by indefinite topographi-
cal statements — Corbulo in Syria — Paetus north of Mt. Taurus on the
Arsanias river— Withdraws to Cappadocia after his defeat— Corbulo
crosses the Euphrates at Melitene— Meets the Parthians at an unnamed
place to adjudicate matters finally— Detailed geography can be worked
out only by the aid of Strabo, Dio, and Plutarch— Little definite knowledge
secured from Tacitus — Writer not concerned with topography but used
the places as a means to lend praise to Corbulo.

Exposition

Selections from the Annals dealing with Corbulo — First campaigns against
the Chauci— Corbulo characterized in the phrase magna cum cura et mox
gloria which points to the praise of the man— Restores the army veterem
v



PAGE

I



14



17



VI SUMMARY OF CONTENTS

ad morem — His power as a disciplinarian illustrated by the punishment
of two soldiers — Criticism of Corbulo by the minority but not by the writer
— Ordered to return to the south of the Rhine by Claudius, he still main-
tained military discipline in the army — Granted the insignia of a triumph
— Appointed to command in Armenia because of his virtutes— Meaning
of the phrase per recentem gloriam — Chronology disregarded — Narrative
highly encomiastic as shown by direct characterization and by the prefer-
ence of all classes for Corbulo — Wins distinction by his own merits and
without the aid of the emperors.

War Against the Parthians — An implied


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Online LibraryDraper Tolman SchoonoverA study of Cn. Domitius Corbulo as found in the Annals of Tacitus → online text (page 1 of 7)