Duane Hamilton Hurd.

History of Merrimack and Belknap counties, New Hampshire online

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CONTENTS.



MEERIMACK COUNTY,



GENERAL HISTORY.



I. ORGANIZATION AND STATISTICAL 1

II. BENCH AND BAR 2

III. STATE-HOUSE 3

IV. THE NEW HAMPSHIRE ASYLIM FOR THE INSANE 47



TOWN HISTORIES.



CONCORD 57

BOSCAWEN 160

BRADFORD ISA

CANTERBURY 221

CHICHESTER.". .^.._. ? 235



BANBURY 269

DUNBARTON. J^TTT"^ 29l

FRANKLIN 310

ANDOVER 328

HENNIKBR 340

HOOKSETT 361

HOPKINTON 391.



NEWBURY . .
NEW LONDON



LOUDON 477

NORTHFIELD 51B

HILL 647



PEMBROKE .
PITTSFlELD.
SALISBURY .
SUTTON . . .
WARNER. .
WEBSTER .-,-
WILMOT, . .



BELKISTAP COUNTY.



ORGANIZ.^TION OF COUNTY— BENCH AND BAR



TOWN HISTORIES.



.\LTON

BARNSTEAD

BELMONT

CENTRE HARBOR

GILFORD

APPENDIX



LACONlA ....
MEREDITH . . .
NEW HAMPTON
SANBORNTON . .
TILTON






ILLUSTRATIONS.



Abbot, J. Stephe;
Abbott, Williaiu.
Aiken, Walter ...



., 231

Ames, JasouH 212

Amsden, Charles H 168

Bailey, Oliver 308

Baker, Aaron W 2S6

Barnard, Daniel , 31

Bartlett, Levi 676

Batchelder, Joseph 610

Bean, Abraham 159

Bickford, H. C 441

Bickford, Nathan 476

Blanchard, Hiram 215

Carter, Solon A 44

Carpenter, Charles H 253

Childs, Horace 359

Cilley.J. M 418

CTough, Colonel D. M 234

Cogswell, Thomas, Sr 793

Cogswell, Thomas, Jr 807

Cogswell, P. B 89

Clongh, Bev. J 509

Coc, John 728

Cole, B. J 773

Conn, G. P 162

Connor, Abel 355

Couch, Enoch 694

Cummings, George A 156

-Crane, John S., residence of 781

Crane, J. S 780

Crockett, S. C 827

Daniell, Warren F 324

^ Davis, Curtis 219

Davis, Hon. Walter S 413

Deering, Major Arthur 260

Doe, Charles C 474

Downing, Lewis 140

Drake, Oliver 256

Durell, David 217

Durrell, Thomaa 806

Eaton, Joshua 211

Eaton, Frederick 651

Ela, Robert L 162e

Ela, Richard 162d

Ela, Joseph '. 865

KIh rieorge W 162b



PACE

Fife, Captain William 685

Fowler, Asa 15

Fowler, Winthrop 582

Fowler, TrueworthyL 682

Fowler, Winthrop, Jr 683

French, D. J 612

Gage, Converse 649

Gale, N. B 830

Gallinger, J. H 160

Gault, Hon. Jesse 389

George, Paul K 410

Gerriah, Enoch 158

Gilnian, James 808

Gillingham, Moody 419

Goss, William 470

Gutterson, John 358

Hall, Rev. K. S 777

Hall, Dr. A. B 542

Hart, George 216

Hartwell, H. H 167

Haynes, Martin \....i::. 779

Head, Nathaniel 385

Head, William F 388

Hill, James E 104



Benjamin



Hoitt, Thomas L 715

Holden, Daniel 154

Holmes, H 218

Howe, Calvin 152

Humphrey, Moses 101

Hunt, Lucian 540

Jewell, D. L 576

Keneson, Randall S 729

Kenrick, Stephen 321

Kimball, B. A 146

Kimball, John 144

Kimball, John P 233

Knight, Elijah 163

Knowltou, Hosea C 255

Knowles, William V 546

Ladd, Seneca .\ 858

Lang, Joseph W 862

Lane,Robert 647

Larabee, George H 581

Little, George P 580

Jjittle, George P., residence of ../. 668

Little, T.D .'. 623

Lovering, Samuel B 511

Map Outline Merrimack and Belknap Counties I

Marshall, Anson S .34

Marshall, John W 213

Maitin, Noah, M. D 408

vii



.1 .



ILLlSniATIONS.



HHItill Snniilil
Meserity 1U\ A B
Moore J C
Mooro McCuiiii 1
Moore felcj hen
Mornll U« id
Moree John W
Mors Jowph
Moulton Hon J >hii C
Moulton Jolin 11
Kesmitli Gtorgo w
New Himiwliire \"j1m
Norris, J b
Nutti r b S
Osgood \dUi(jon N
I'Hgo Lnoch
Peabod) Siilviin U
Pease Simeon D
Pembroke Vciilimy
Pbiltruk D M
Pillsburj Gt ipt \



Plumni r (ihrauii
Prescott D S
Piituej Truman
Rolft H iir> I
BjIHiik, Amos 1
Sanborn Ctipt \\ A
Saudi rs Gtorge Jr
Sand re O S Keti kn
SanduK O s lortr it
3.irgent J ( crett
Sarg< DI Mos e



"vargcnt >^terling 106

Sa»age MiyorGeorge D 708

Smj<r \ H 710

Shdw CharlesC 2.H

Siiiilair John G 714

«mil J James R RW

smith \ D 230

Smith Jeremiah 543

stark Viyor Caleb 302

state House 4(1 b

Stearns Onilow 138

Stevens Colonel E 863

Stevens, LjmanD 40a

Stinson Cai tain Charles 307

Stmson Jolin 306

Sullo a\ Honorable A. W 322

Tapiran Mason W 22

Thotr W F 92

Tilton W \anderH 890

liltoii C E 887

TruinUIl Edmund E 579

luttk Hon Hiram A 697

Will gh Judge Benjamin, Jr 643

W wll ij.h Frastus 644

Wall igh feneral John 857

\\ all or Joseph B.,

Wcbst r Daniel

ViuU Stephen

Wtntworth Joseph ..

White \-ithanii-I

\M ittinure Aaiim ..
Wiodiiili Edgar U..
W Hirl Frank K..



BIOGRAPHICAL.



Abbot, J. Stephens 142

Abbott, William 154

Aiken, Walter 326

All)in, John H 26

Alexander, Enoch 287

Ames, Lorenzo 231

Ames, Ja«on H 212

Amsden, Charles H 168

Bailey, Oliver 307

Baker, Aaron W 286

Barnard, Daniel 31

Bartlett, Levi 676

Bartlett, William H 10

Batcheldcr, Joseph 610

Bean, A 159

Bellows, Henry A 9

Bickford, Hezekiah C 441

Bickford, Nathan 475

Blanchard, Hiram 215

Brown, John 218

Carpenter, Charles H 253

Carter, Solon A 44

Childs, Horace 369

Cilley, James M 418

Clough, Col. David M 233

Clough, Rev. Jeremiah 609

Clough, Joseph 915

Cogswell, P.B 89

Cogswell, Thomas, Sr 793

Cogswell, Thomas, Jr 807

Coe,John 728

Cole, B. J 773

Conn, Granville P 162

Connor, Abel 355

Couch, Enoch 694

Crane, Johns 780

Crockett, Col. Seldon C 827

Cummings, George A 155

Currier Family, The 414d

Daniell, Warren F 324

Davis, Curtis 219

Davis, Walter S 413

Deering, Major Arthur 2tiO

Doe, Charles C 474

Downing, Lewis 140

Drake, Oliver 266

Durell, David 217

Durrell, Thomas 806

Eastman, Ira A 39

Eaton, Frederick 651



Eaton, Joshua 211

Ela, George W lU2b

Ela Joseph 865

Ela, Richard 162 d

Ela, Robert L 162e

Emerson, Benjamin 600

Evans, Bei^amin 675

Fife, Captain William 683

Fogg, George G 869

Foster, W. L 27

Fowler, Asa 15

Fowler, Truewoithy Ladd 681

Fowler, Winthrop 582

Fowler, Winthrop, Jr 683

French, DavidJ 612

Gage, Converse 649

Gale, Napoleon B 830

Gallingor, Jacob H 169

Gault, Hon. Jesse 389.^

George, John H 28

George, Paul R 410

Gerrish, Enoch 157

Gillingham, Moody 419

Gilman, James 867

Goss, William 470

Gutterson, John 368

Hall, Dr. A. B 542

Hall, Rev. K. S 777

Hart, George 216

Hartwell, Rev. Henry H 166

Haynes, Martin A 779 ^

Head, Governor Nathaniel 385

Head, William F 388

Hill, James R 103

Hodgson, Samuel 860

Hoitt, Thomas L 715

Holdcn, Daniel 163

Holmes, Rev. Hiram 218

Howe, Calvin 152

Humphrey, Moses 101

Hunt, Lucian 54C

Jewell, Col. David L 676

Jones, John F. (See Currier Family) 414 d

Keneson, Randall S 729

Kenrick, Stephen 321

Kimball, Benjamin A 146

Kimball, John 144

Kimball, J. P 233

Knight, Elijah 163

Knowles, W. F 546



BIOGRAPHICAL.



PAOE

Knowlton, H. C 255

Ladd, Seneca A 858

Lane, Dr. Robert M"

Lang, Joseph W 8G2

Larabee, George H 580

Little, ThoniM D 02a

Little, George P 580

Lovering, S. B 511

Marshall, Anson S 3*

Marshall, John W 213

Martin N 408

Martin, Samuel *69

Meservey, A. B 874

Moore, Joseph Cliffoni "83

Moore, McConnel 584

Moore, Stephen 513

Morrill, David 232

Motso, John W 209

Morse, Joseph 420

Moulton, JohnC 825

Moulton, Col. John H V27

KorriB, James S 161

Nesmith, George W 30

Nuttor, E. S 151

Osgood, Addison N .'583

Page, Enoch 048

Peahody, S. B 891

Peii», SimeonD 867

Pliilbrick, David Morrill 475

Pillsbury, George A 147

Pillsbury, Oliver 45

Pitman, Joseph P 831

Plummer, Ephraira 184

Prescott, David S., M.D 829

Putney, Truman 04G

Rolfe, Henry P 624

Rollins, Amos L 709

Sanborn, Capt. W. A 775

Sanders, George, Jr 473

Sanders, Orren Strong 471



Sargent, J. Everett 18

Sargent, Moses 782

Sargent, Major Sterling 106

Savage, George D 708

Saw-j-cr, Alonzo H 709

Shaw, C. C 254

Sinclair, John G 714

Smilh, Alpheus D - 231

Stark, Caleb 302

Stark, Caleb, Jr 308

Stearns, Onslow 138

Stevens, Lyman D 40

Stinson, Charles 307

Stinson, Col. John .30fi

Smiley, James R., M. D .^ — 650

Smith, Jeremi.ih 543

Stevens, Col. Ebeii./.] 863

Sulloway, Hon. A. W 322

Tappan, Mason W 22

Tenuey, Dr. R. P. .1 5US

Thayer, W. F 92

Tilton, Alexander II 890

Tilton, Charles E 887

Truesdell, E. E 579

Tuttli-, Ilinm A 597

Upl.i.in. \ ,:l ,,::.:.; 5

Wii.ll. I J. r. ' u B-u

Wadl.i-li. i:n,.tu 044

Wadlcigli F.iniily, Tli..- CIS

Wadleigh, General John 8.57

Walker, Joseph B 33

Walker, Rev. Timothy 2

Walker, Hon. Timothy 05

Webster, Daniel 9

Weelts, Stephen 509

Wentworth, Joseph 157

White, Nathaniel 136

Whittemore, Aaron , 585

Woodman, Edgar H 40

Woodward, F. B 558



HISTORY



MERRIMACK COUNTY, NEW HAMPSHIRE.



CHAPTEK I.

ORGANIZATION AND STATISTICAL.
BY DANIEL F. SECOMB.

Merrimack Couxty was formed, in 1.S2;'., from
towns in the northerly parts of Hillsborough and
Rockingham Counties, to which have since been
added towns from Grafton County and a portion of
Sanbornton, in Strafford County, and it now contains
portions of four of the five counties into which the
province was divided in 1769.

It is now the second county in the State in popu-
lation, and the third in the valuation of taxable prop-
erty. Its i)opulation, as given in the United States
census, has been as follows : In 1830, 34,614 ; 1840,
36,253; 1850, 40,337; 1860, 41,408; 1870, 42,151; 1880,
46,300. It includes the city of Concord and twenty-
six towns, as follows :

AUeiistown, taken from Rockingham County in
1823; incorporated, 1831; population in 1830, 483;
in 1880, 1708.

Andover, from Hillsborough County, 1823 ; first
known as New Breton ; incorporated, 1779 ; popula-
tion, 1830, 1324; 1880,1204.

Bradford, from Hillsborough County, 1823; first
known as New Bradford; incorporated, 1787; popu-
lation, 18.30, 1285 ; 1880, 950.

Boscawen, from Hillsborough County, 1823; for-
merly called Contoocook ; incorporated, 1760 ; popu-
lation, 1830, 2093 ; 1880, 1380.

Bow, from Rockingham County, 1823 ; chartered,
1727; population, 1830, 1065; 1880, 734.

Canterbury, from Rockingham County, 1823 ; char-
tered, 1727 ; population, 1830, 1663 ; 1880, 10.34.

Chichester, from Rockingham County, 1823; char-
tered, 1727 ; population, 1830, 1084 ; 1880, 784.

Concord, from Rockingham County, 1823 ; incor-
porated, 1765 ; formerly known as Penacook and
Rumford; adopted a city charter, 1853; population,
1830, 3727 ; 1880, 13,845."



Danbury, from Grafton County, 1874; incorporated,
1795; population, 1830, 785; 1880, 760.

Dunbarton, from Hillsborough County, 1823 ; in-
corporated, 1765 ; formerly called Starkstown ; pop-
ulation, 18.30, 1067 ; 1880, 708.

Epsom, from Rockingham County, 1823 ; chartered,
1727; population, 1830, 1418; 1880, 909.

Franklin, from parts of Andover, Northfield and
Salisbury, in Merrimack County, and Sanbornton, in
Strafford County ; incorporated, 1828 ; population,
1830, 1870 ; 1880, 3265.

Henniker, from Hillsborough County, 1823 ; incor-
porated, 1768 ; population, 1830, 1725 ; 1880, 1326.

Hill, from Grafton County, 1868 ; incorporated,
1778; formerly called New Chester; name changed,
1836; population, 1830, 1090; 1880, 667.

HooJcsett, from Hillsborough County, 1823; incor-
porated, 1822, and included parts of Goffstown and
Dunbarton, in Hillsborough County, and Chester, in
Rockingham; population, 1830, 880; 1880, 1766.

Hopkinton, from Hillsborough County, 1823; incor-
porated, 1765 ; formerly called New Hopkinton ; pop-
ulation, 1830, 2474; 1880, 1836.

London, from Rockingham County, 1823; incorpo-
rated, 1773; was originally a part of Canterbury;
population, 1830, 1642; 1880, 1221.

Newbury, from Hillsborough County, 1823 ; incor-
porated, 1778; formerly known as Fishersfield; name
changed, 1836; population, 1830, 798; 1880, 590.

New London, from Hillsborough County, 1823; in-
corporated, 1779; formerly called Dantzic; popula-
tion, 1830, 913 ; 1880, 875.

Northfield, from Rockingham County, 1823 ; incor-
porated, 1780 ; was originally a part of Canterbury ;
population, 1830, 1169; 1880, 918.

Pembroke, from Rockingham County, 1823 ; incor-
porated, 1759 ; formerly called Suncook, and granted
by the General Court qf Massachusetts, in 1727, to
Captain John Lovewell and his associates in the fight
at Lovewell's Pond in 1725; population, 1830, 1312;
1880, 2797.

1



/



Ill.STOKY OF MERllIMACK COUNTY, NEW HAMPSHIRE.



Pittsfield, from Rockingham County, 1823; incor-
porated, 1782 ; formerly a ])art of Chichester ; pop-
ulation, 1830, 1271 ; 1880, 1974.

.SalUbiiri/, from Hillsborough County, 1823 ; incor-
porated, 17G8; formerly known as Stevenstown ; pop-
ulation, 1830, 1379 ; 1880, 795.

,Su(ton, from Hillsborough County, 1823 ; incorpor-
ated, 1784; formerly called Perrystown ; population,
1830,1424; 1880,923.

Warner, from Hillsborough County, 1823; incor-
porated, 1774; formerly known as New Almsbury
and Jennistown, and includes what was formerly
called Kearsarge Gore ; population, 1830, 2221 ; 1880,
1537.

Webster, formerly West Boscawen, taken from Bos-
cawen, 1860; population, 1870, 689; 1880, 647.

Wi/mot, from Hillsborough County, 1823; incor-
porated, 1807 ; formerly called Kearsarge ; popula-
tion, 1830, 934; 1880, 1080.

Of the 46,300 inhabitants of the county in 1880,
46,133 were whites, 158 colored, 1 Chinese and 8
Indians ; 40,521 were natives of the United States,
and 5779 of foreign birth; 34,808 were natives of
New Hampshire, and 5713 of other States; 5116
males and 5075 females were from five to eighteen
years of age ; 14,286 males were above twenty-one
years of age ; 9380 males were between the ages of
eighteen and forty-five years, and one-half of the
entire pdimlatioii was abiive twenty-six years of age.

Agricultural Statistics of Merrimack County,
from the Uuiteil States census of ISSO, were as fol-
lows: Number of tarms, June 1, 1880, 4334; number
of acres of improved land, 305,282 ; value of farms,
buildings and fences, $11,392.721 ; value of farm im-
[)loments and machines, $426,083 ; estimated value
of farm products for the year 1879-80, $1,878,149.
Live stock and some of its products for the year end-
ing June 1, 1880 : Horses, 5998; working oxen, 4121 ;
milch cows, 1 1,800 ; other cattle, 17,296 ; sheep, 27,756 ;
swine, 8138. Gallons of milk produced, 586,662;
pounds of butter made, 908,728 ; pounds of cheese
made, 190,809. Vegetable products, 1879: Barley,
6279 bushels; buckwheat, 2976 bushels; Indian
corn, 229,877 bushels ; oats, 7503 bushels ; rye, 4932
bushels; wheat, 25,403 bushels; hay, 75,713 tons;
hops, 3219 lbs.; Irish potatoes, 375,653 bushels.
Oi-rluird products valued at $117,382.

Manufacturing Statistics. — Number of manufac-
turing c^liiblisliiucnts, June 1, 1880,449; males above
sixtr, II vcai>Ml a,i;e employed, 3580; females, 1477;
clnMivn :in,l > ,,utli, 628.

Of the population of the county in 1880, there
were 22,751 males and 23,549 females ; 40,521 were na-
tives of the United States, and 5779 of foreign birth;
5116 males and 5075 females were from 5 to 18 years
of age, 9380 males were bet^veen 18 and 40 years of
age, and 14,286 males were 21 years of iige and
above, and one-half of the whole population was over
26 years of age.



Capital invested, $6,089,215; value of materials
used, $4,974,224 ; value of products, $8,742,560.

VAI-IATIOX ASD TAXATION.

Valuation of the county, April 1, 1879 $24,882,580

Valuation of real estate 18,522,356

Valuation of personal property 6,300,194

State tax asBessed 568,552

County tax assessed 78,000

City, towu and school taxes 257,873

Whole amount of taxes 393,925

Total $50,169,025

Indebtedness of the county, city, towns and school districts in the

count}', June 1, 1880.

Bonded debt $956,400

Floating debt 158,602

Aggregate debt $1,116,002

Number of poBt-ofBces in the county July 1, 1883, GO ; compensation

of postmasters the preceding year, $18,515.94.



CHAPTER II.
BENCH AND BAR.

The first term of the Superior Court of Judicature
in Merrimack County was held in Concord in January,
1824. This was the first time that Concord had
enjoyed the presence of a duly established court of
law. The members of the bar of the county at this
term convened and were duly organized as the Merri-
mack County bar, and during one of the first evenings
of the session a bar supper was celebrated at the inn
of J. P. Gass, which was located near the present site
of Sanborn's block, on Main Street. The venerable
George W. Nesmith, of Franklin, is the only surviving
member of those present on that occasion.

Peter Green, son of Nathaniel Green, was one
of the earliest lawyers in the State. He was born in
Worcester, Mass., 1746 ; opened an office in Concord,
1767. He was chosen State councilor in 1788 and 1789.
He died March 27, 1798, aged fifty-two.

Hon. Timothy Walker was the only son of
Rev. Timothy Walker, and was born upon the
paternal fiirm in Rumford, June 27, 1737. He is
said, when a boy, to have been a great favorite of
the Indians living in the vicinity. Entertaining
a deep reverence and affection for his father, they
naturally inclined to him, and, as tradition says,
were wont to take him on visits to their wigwams,
assuring his mother, who did not altogether relish such
civilities, that " Indians no hurt minister's pappoose."
This promise was never broken, and he was always
returned in safety, although oftentimes modified much
in appearance, from the Indians having painted his
face in glowing colors, and garlanded his head with
gaudy feathers.

His father gave early attention to his education, and
sent him, when fifteen years of age, to Harvard Col-
lege. He remained there during the regular course
and graduated in 1756. The two years ensuing he
spent in teaching school .at Bradford, Mass. Upon



BENCH AND BAK.



leaving Bradford, having in the mean time chosen the-
ology as his profession, he commenced a course of
study and pursued it most probably with his father.
Having completed his theological studies, he was ex-
amined at the association meeting in Haverhill, Mass.,
and licensed to preach September 11, 1759.

Mr. Walker was never a settled pastor, but preached
occasionally for about six years. During the last ab-
sence of his father in England, in 1762-63, he sup-
plied his jmlpit in Kumford. He preached many
times from 1761 to 1764 in Kludge, where he received
a call to settle, which he declined. In the summer of
1765 he preached six Sabbaths at Pigwacket (now
Fryeburg), Ble., which seems to have been about the
last of his preaching, soon after which he relinquished
the profession of the ministry.

From his diary it appears that on the 25th of No-
\ember, 1765, he concluded a partnership agreement
with Colonel Andrew McMillan, and engaged with
him in trade in Eumford, in the southerly part of the
village. They continued in business together but for
a single year. Soon after their separation Mr. Walker
opened a store near the residence of his father, and
there continued his mercantile pursuits until about
the beginning of the Revolution. During this period
he was also engaged in the manufacture of potash,
which was disposed of in the lower towns of the prov-
ince. Some portions of the works erected for this
purpose remained until within a recent period, the
well, stoned up from the bottom, being in good condi-
tion to-day.

Mr. Walker was married, some time previous to
1764, to his cousin, Susannah Burbeen, daughter of
Rev. Joseph Burbeen, of Woburn, Mass., who died in
Concord, September 28, 1828, at the age of eighty-two.
They had fourteen children, ten of whom lived to
mature life.

Upon the commencement of hostilities with Great
Britain, Mr. Walker, like his father, warmly espoused
the patriot cause, and seconded with zeal the meas-
ures adopted for the security of American liberty.
His whole time seems now to have been devoted to
tlie service of his country. The town of Concord
chose him a delegate to the Fourth Provincial Con-
gress, which assembled at Exeter, on the 17th of May,
1775, and he took an active interest in the very im-
portant measures which came before that body.

On the 20th of May he was appointed a member of
the Committee of Supplies, constituted to act in con-
junction with the Committee of Safety, and procure
supplies for the New Hampshire troops, at this time
in the vicinity of Boston. On the 20th of August he,
with Ichabod Rawlings, Esq., was sent to the army to
ascertain the losses sustained at the battle of Bunker
Hill by each of the officers and soldiers of the New
Hampshire forces, and in behalf of the province to
make them compensation, as well as to secure to them
supplies and advance a month's pay to such as had
enlisted in the Continental service. The action of



the Provincial Congress upon the report subsequently
made of their doings aflbrds evidence that those du-
ties were performed to their acceptance.

About the 1st of September of this year the New
Hampshire Congress passed an act creating four reg-
iments of Miuute-Men equal in number to about one-
fourth part of the then existing militia of the province.
These were to meet to drill once in every two weeks,
and to be ready for service at a moment's warning.
Mr. Walker was commissioned colonel of the Third
Regiment September 5, 1775, and exerted himself to
train and fit for duty the forces under his command.

From the 4th to the 16th of October we find him
acting as paymaster of the New Hampshire troops at
Winter Hill, commanded by Colonels Stark, Poor and
Reid, and again, on the 27th of December, he was
appointed by the Fifth Provincial Congress paymas-
ter of the same forces.

The Fifth Provincial Congress was succeeded, Jan-
uary 6, 1776, by the first House of Representatives,
organized under the temporary constitution and com-
posed of the same members. Its journal shows
Colonel Walker to have been one of the committee of
three appointed by the House "to make a draft of the
declaration of this General Assembly for independ-
ence of the United Colonies." The committee re-
ported a draft June 15, 1776, which was at once
adopted and a copy of it sent to the Continental Con-
gress, then in session at Philadelphia.

At a date not long subsequent to this event Colonel
Walker was made one of the committee to devise a
systematic plan of finance, by means of which the
payment of the debts of the State might be provided
for and funds raised for present and future purposes.

When, on the 14th of March, 1776, the Continental
Congress sent out the Association Test, to be signed by
all friendly to the patriot cause. Colonel Walker most
cheerfully signed the copy sent to Concord, and it was
through his influence, in part at least, that, of the one
hundred and fifty-six to whom it was presented for
signature in that town, not one declined subscribing
to it his name.

Colonel Walker was this year a member of the
Committee of Safety and served in that capacity until
the 20th of June, 1776. During the next three years
—viz., from December 18, 1776, to December 15, 1779
— he was a member of the Council, associated with
Meshech Weare, Josiah Bartlett, Nicholas Gilman
and others of like character, — men of the purest pa-
triotism, whose names New Hampshire will ever cher-
ish. On the 26th of March, 1777, he was chosen by
the Legislaturea delegate to the Continental Congress,
and again, at three subsequent times, in 1778, 1782
and 1784, but it is not certain that he ever attended.
He was sent from Concord a delegate to each of the
New Hampshire Constitutional Conventions of 1778
and 1781, and also to that of 1791, to revise the con-
stitution.

In 1777 he retired from the more stirring scenes



HISTORl' OF MERRIMACK COUiVTY, NEW HAMPSHIRE.



connected with the war, and accepted the office of a
justice of the Court of Common Pleas, which he con-
tinued to liold until 1809, being for the last five years
a chief justice. The courts were held alternately at



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