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E. A. (Edward Albert) Sharpey-Schäfer.

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Oekoid,
Oleic acid, .
Olein, .
Oleyl, . .
Oncograph, .
Oncometer, .
Onwpliis tuhicola,



18.



24, 133,
18,



hyalogen from,



Ophridium versatile, zoocytium of,
Optimum point, ....
Orbital salivary gland,
Organeiweiss, ....
Organic constituents of blood plasma
,, body.



PAGE

. 54

2

. 188

456, 675

133, 159

18, 22

. 643

. 643

64

. 16

. 320

476, 478, 482

. 897



. 157
1
, 111

82, 83
, 350
85, 86



bone,
cells,

gastric juice,
liver,

pancreatic juice, 367,

368

red corpuscles, . 155

saliva, 344, 347, 494,

496, 498, 500, 507



spleen,

thyroid,

urine.



Organised ferments.
Organs, chemistry of, .
Ornithin,
Ornithuric acid, .
Orthodihydroxybenzene,
Orthonitrobenzyl alcohol.



87
. 88
. 572
. 312
. 80
. 33
602, 638
. 606
5



Osazone,



3, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 30
ofacrose, .... 5
,, albumin of peas, . . 64

,, decomposition products of



Osmosis,



proteids,
dextrose, .
disaccharides,
formose,
galactose, .
glucose,
isomaltose,
lactose,
levulose,
maltose,
mannose, .
monosaccharides
pentose,
sugar of tendon



30, 64
8, 612
. 10

5

8, 612

8, 608

12, 613

. 12

8
. 11



in lymph absorption,
, , production,
salivary secretion.



Osmotic pressure,

Osones,

Ossein,

Otic ganglion.

Otoliths,

Ovarian dermoids

,, fluid, mucoid of.

Ovary, chemistry of,

Ovomucoid, .

Ox bile, . . 370,
,, ,, nucleo-proteid of,
,, hajmoglobin of, 193, 199, 201, 202, 206
,, respiratory exchange of, . . . 707
,, salivary glands of, . . . . 477

Oxalate of calcium, . . . 78, 614



3, 612
. 62
. 264
. 307
. 288
. 529

265, 276, 308, 650

. 6, 9

70, 111

. 482

. 78

. 675

63

94

63, 85

373, 381, 385, 390



984



INDEX OF SUBJECTS.





PAGE


Oxalate of urea, .....


581


Oxalated blood, 147, 165, 166, 169, 171,


175


Oxalic acid, . 5, 30, 31, 34, 571, 614,


673


Oxalur


la, ..... .


614


Oxidation in blood, . . . 781,


895


,,


,, cells, . . . 780,


781


J )


,, metabolism,


894




of pi'oteids, . , .


34


jj


in tissues


895


Oxybutyric acid,


928


Oxycar


nic acid, .....


103


Oxychinolin-carboxylic acid.


638


Oxygen,


2


))


absorption of, by haemoglobin.


767


) J


of alimentary canal,


729




,, blood, . 153, 154, 185, 229,


757,




761, 762, 765,


768


,,


capacity of hfemoglobin, .


768


)5


of contracting muscle.


no




,, methfenioglobin, .


247


J J


,, milk, .... 129,


130


))


,, oxyhseraoglobin, .


236




respiration of, . . . 735,


742


J J


in respiration. (See also ^e-






sinratory exchange, Re-






spiration.) . 692, 695,


700


J,


respiratory, . . 185, 235,


236


J J


of saliva, .... 346,


504


) J


secretion by swimming bladder.


705




of serum, .....


157


J J


tension of, in alveolar air,


774




,, ,, blood, .


775



xyh EEm ogl bin ,



Oxylic acid,
Oxyphenylalanine,



. 185, 193
action of nitrites on, . 245,
247
amount of oxygen in, 236
crystals of, . 203, 205

decomposition of, 207, 243
derivatives of, . . 243
diffusibility of, . 203, 207
dissociation of, . . 774
elementary comjjosi-

tion of, . . .197
preparation of, . 193, 200
quantitative determina-
tion of, . . .234
reactions of, . 207, 236
reduction of, . . 229
solubility of, . 203, 205
spectrophotometric

constants of, 213, 223
spectrum of, . 208, 210
,, ,, photo-

graphic.



amido-propionic acid.



Oxyphil corpuscles.



propionic acid.



225
103
32
29
29, 106
. 152



Palmitate of cetyl alcohol, . . 20

,, ,, magnesium, . . .78

,, ,, myricyl alcohol, . . 20

Palmitic acid, 18, 20, 24, 119, 456, 675

Palmitin, .... 18, 133, 159

Palmityl, 18, 22

Pancreas, action of, on carbohydrate

metabolism, . . .927

,, changes in, during digestion, 546
,, chemistry of, ... 92



PAGE

Pancreas, nucleo-proteid of, , . 3, 6, 64

,, pentose from, . . 64, 612

Pancreatic casein, .... 137

,, diabetes, . . . 927, 929

,, enzymes. (See Enzymes.) . 336

,, extracts, .... 336

,, ,, activity of, . 325, 552

fistula, . . 366, 459, 547

,, juice, ..... 366

,, ,, action of, on fats, . 443

,, ,, ,, ,, lecithin, 463

,, ,, ,, ,, proteids, 414

,, ,, starch, . 393

,, ,, of animals, . . 367

,, ,, coagulating ferment of, 326

,, ,, composition of, . . 367

,, ,, emulsive action of, . 448

,, ,, enzymes of. (See En-

zymes.) . .336

,, ,, ferments of. See En-

zymes. 336

,, ,, influence of, on fat

absorption, . 459, 461

,, ,, methods of obtaining, 547

,, proteids of, 24, 367, 368

,, ,, rate of secretion of, . 368

,, ,, variations in, during

digestion, . . 553

,, secretion, histological changes

during, . . 546
., ,. influence of alka-

loids

on, 548,
550
,, ,, ,, ,, blood

flow on, 549
„ ,, ,, ,, gastric

juice on, 551
,, ,, ,, ,, nervous

system on, . 547

,, ,, latent period of, . 549

,, ,, local stimulation of, 551

,, ,, mechanism' of, . 546

,, ,, paralytic, . . 550

Papain, . . . . . 51, 54, 55

,, plant, proteids of, . . 51, 54

,, ,, proteolytic ferment of, 54,403

Papoyotin, ...... 403

Paracasein, ...... 134

Paradihydroxybenzene, . . . 606

Parafibrinogen, . . . . ,164

Para globulin, . . . . ,163

Parahfenioglobin, .... 207

Parahydroxyphenyl-acetic acid, . . 606
,, propionic acid, . 606

Parakresol, ... 29, 466, 467, 606
Paralactic acid, . . . 106,183,465
Paralbumin, ..... 63

Paralytic .secretion of pancreatic juice, 550

,, ,, saliva, . . 519

Paramucin, . , .... 63

Paramyosinogen, . . . .97, 98, 99

Paranucleins, ..... 66

Paraoxybenzoic acid, .... 34

Paraoxyphenyl-acetic acid, . . 466, 467
,, amido-propionic acid,

421, 423, 467

,, jiropionic acid, . 466, 467

Para])eptone, . . , 402, 404, 408

Parathyroids, , , , . . 940



INDEX OF SUBJECTS.



985



PAGE

596, 598



476, 478

482, 483

494, 495

. 674

59

. 611

. 349

. 64

. 58

3

. 2, 3

612

3

3, 612

612



64



Paraxaiithiii, ....
Parotid fistula, ....
, , gland of animals,
,, ,, nerves of,

saliva, 327, 343, 346, 347

Parotids of toad, ....

Parvoline, .....

Pavy's test, .....

Pawlow fistula, ....

Peas, osazone from,

Pelias herus, venom of,

Pentosanes, .....

Pentoses, .....

,, from pancreas,

,, physiological action of, .

,, in urine.

Pentosuria, .....

Pepsin, 326, 330, 350, 358, 402, 532, 534

,, absorption of, by fibrin, . 404, 542

,, action of, on proteids, . . 326

,, of animals, . ... 330

,, digestion, effects of form of pro-

teid on, . 333
,, ,, ), ,, reaction on, . 331

,, ,, ,, ,, temperature on, 331

,, estimation of activity of, . . 323
,, formation of, . . , 542, 544
,, hydrochloric acid, . . . 331
,, in muscle, .... 97

,, preparation of, . . .314

,, separation of, from rennin, . 335
Pepsinogen, . . . 425, 532, 536

Peptic digestion, . . . 401,418,428
,, ,, cleavage theory of, 405, 406,

414, 416
„ „ proteids of, 402, 414, 541

Peptones, 50, 51, 400, 401, 403, 405, 411



absorption of,

of bactei'ial digestion,

carbohydrate from,

in cells,

in cerebro-spinal fluid,

diflfusibility of,

elastin,

of gastric juice,

gelatin,

heat value of,

influence of epithelium on.



416, 899

437, 439

. 466

. 64

82

. 184

4.5, 46

72, 430

. 353

70, 429

834, 835

. 440



injection on white

blood-corpuscles, 152, 179

,, molecular weight of, . . 46

,, of muscle, .... 97

,, nutritive value of, . . 878

,, of peptic digestion, . 403,416
,, as poisons, . . . .55

,, precipitants of, . . . 40
,, of pus cells, . . .83

,, of spleen, .... 88

,, of tryptic digestion, . . 420

,, in nrine, . . . 604, 605

,, vegetable, . . , .51

Peptonisation, hydrolytic theory of, . 400

,, micellar theory of, . 400

,, by superheated steam, . 403

Peptonised blood, 147, 152, 166, 174, 177,

182
Peptonuria, ...... 604

Pericardial fluid, .... 24, 183

Permeability of blood corpuscles, . 271, 277



PAGE

Permealiility of membranes, . 264, 273, 274
living, 276, 296,
308
Pernicious aniemia, alkaloids in, .
Peroxide of hydrogen, .
Petrosal nerve, small superficial, .
Pettenkofer's test.



Phaselin,
Phaseolin,
Phenaceturic acid.
Phenol,

,, compounds
position,
,, elimination of,
,, glycuronic acid,
in urine.



47



29, 34, 46, 72, 466, 467
of proteid decom-

46

470

613, 614

606, 607



59

76

482

377

54

54

601



Phenyl compounds in proteid decom

position, .
Phenylacetic acid,
Phenylacetyl glycine,
Phenylhydrazine test.
Phenyl pi'opionic acid.



46



Phenylsulphuric acid,
Phlebin,
Phloretin,
Phloridzin, .

,, diabetes,

Phosphate, ammonio-magnesic



calcic



magnesic



76, 78,



, , potassic,

,, sodic,

, , of spermine.

Phosphates in body,

,, of serum,

Phosphocarnic acid,
Phospho-gluco-proteids,
Phosphorescence,
Phosphoric acid, 25, 30,



Phosphorus,



29, 46, 466, 467, 470
. 106
8, 608
29, 46, 466, 467,
470, 601
. 470
. 190, 192, 225
. 920
. 920
. 920
78, 473, 632
111, 113, 136,
153, 157, 473, 633, 882
76, 78, 111, 113, 153,
157
76, 78, 82, 87, 108
76, 78, 113, 145, 157
94
. 79
. 772
. 103, 104, 139
. 61, 64, 67
. 780
77, 79, 87, 153,
356, .575, 632
of gastric juice, . . 356
,, torpedo organ.



111

2,25

575

87



elimination of, .
, , in liver, .

,, ,, nuolein of muscle,

,, ,, nucleo-proteid of cells, 81, 84

,, proteids, . . 25, 26

,, ,, vitellin, ... 53

Phrenosine, ...... 120

Phj^cocyanin, . ... , .52

Phylloporphyrin, .... 382

Phymatorusin, . . . .121

Physostigmine, action of, on pancreatic
secretion, ..... 550

Phytalbumose, ..... 53

Pialyn, . . . 326, 336, 339, 553

,, effect of bile on, . . . 339

,, ,, reaction on, . . 339

,, ,, temperature on, . . 339

Picoline, ...... 34

Picromel, 372

Picrotoxin, action of, on sweat secretion, 679

Pig, bile of, . . . . 370, 373, 376

,, haemoglobin of, . 193, 197, 199, 201,

202, 205, 206

,, milk of, .... . 131



986



INDEX OF SUBJECTS.









PAGE




PAGE


Pigeon's milk,


. 675


Potassium salts in body, ... 77


Pigments, biliary. See Bile pigtncnts.


))


,, proteids, ... 25


,, of blood,


. 159, 185




urine, . . 633, 634


,, ,, ,, in urine,




. 629


^^


sulphate, . . 76, 78, 113, 157


,, j, butter,






20


Precipitants of proteids, chemical, . 40


,, ,, choroid, .






121


jj


,, mechanical, . 43


,, ,, corpus luteum.






20


Preglobin, 68


,, of egg yolk, .






20


Pressure, atmospheric, influence of, . 738


,, ,, fseces,






388


) J


blood. See Blood pressure.


,, ,, fatty tissues, .






20




hydrostatic, . . . .280


,, ,, pathological urine.




628


,,


lymphatic, . . . .299


,, ,, pus.






84


,,


osmotic, . . 265, 308, 650


, , respiratory,






61


,,


of cells, . . .276


,, of retina,






121


jj


secretory, of bile, . . .560


,, ,, serum,






20


J,


,, ,, saliva, . 511, 525


,, ,, skin.






121


jj


,, ,, urine, . . 649


,, ,, sweat.






673


Propalanine, 31


,, ,, tumours,






121


Propepsine, ...... 554


,, ,, urine, . 388


, 571, 572, 591,


Propeptones, ..... 405




616, 628


Propionic acid, . . .19, 34, 615, 672


Pilocarpine, action of, on


intestinal


Protagc


m, . . . 82, 116, 118, 156




secretion, 555,


Protalbumose, . 410, 412, 414, 416, 418




557


,


, of cerebro-spinal fluid, . 184


J J )) ?>


milk secre-


Protamine, ...... 93




tion, . 664


Proteic


or Proteids, . . . 1, 2, 24


J> J) J!


pancreatic




absorption of, . 431, 436, 437, 900




secretion, 548




,, ,, by blood vessels, 309


>> )) I!


salivary




,, ,, pepsin by, . . 404




secretion.




action of alcohol on, . . 41




481, 492, 493,




,, bacteria on, 29, 464, 465




498, 500,




pepsin on, . . 326, 418




508, 513




,, proteolytic enzymes on, 326


)J )) 11


sweat secre-




,, superheated steam on, 403




tion, . 679




trypsin on, 326, 415, 418


>> !> !)


uric acid




animal, ..... 49


excretion, . 595




of aqueous humour, . 122, 182, 183


Pine-apple, proteolytic ferment of, . 54




aromatic decomposition products


Piotrowski's reaction, .


. 48




of, ... 46, 467, 468


Piperidine, ....


34, 92




artificial production of urea from, 33


Pituitary body, excision of, .


. 945




,, ,, sugar from, 30


,, ,, influence of.


on meta-




ash of, 25


holism,


. 945




assimilable, .... 437


,, extract.


. 946




assimilation of, . ' . 38, 899


Placenta, blood of.


. 733




bacterial digestion of, 29, 464, 465


glycogen of, .


. 918




of blood, 153


Plants, synthesis in, .


. 892




,, ,, plasma, . . 153, 161


,, temperature of,


. 849




,, bone, ..... Ill


Plasma of blood. See Blood


plasma.




carbohydrate from, ... 64


,, ,, milk, .


. 125




carbon of, .... 873


,, ,, muscle.


95, 96




of cerebro-spinal fluid, . . 184


Plasmahaut,


. 276




,, chyle, 183


Plasmine, ....


. 164




circulating, . . . 896, 898


Plasmodium of ^thalium septicum, . 80




classification of, . . . 49


Plasmolysis,


. 270, 277




cleavage of, by acids, . . 406


Plastin, ....


. 66




coagulable, of digestion, . 420, 441


Platelets, blood, .


. 141, 156


[]


coagulated, .... 50


Plattner's crystallised bile, .


. 373




,, vegetable, . . 51


Pneumonometer,


. 749




colour reactions of, . . . 46


Poikilothermic animals.


. 788


]]


composition of, ... 25


Point, achromic, .


, 322




compound, ... 49, 61


,, optimum, .


. 320


,,


,, digestion of, . . 428


Poisons, proteid, .


. 55


jj


constitution of, . . 38, 64


Polycythsemia, .


. 143


jj


crystallisation of, . . . 43


Polysaccharides, .


. 4, 12


,j


decomposition of, . . . 28


Pore diffusion,


. 274


,j


,, ,, ^y acids, . 32


Portal vein, blood of, .


900, 908, 917




,, ,, ,, alkalies, . 29


Potash, ....


77, 87




,, ,, bacterial, . 466


Potassium, ....


2


,,


,, ,, putrefactive, . 465


,, chloride, . 25


76, 77, 93, 157


jj


,, ,, in vitro, . 29


,, phosphate, . 76


78,


82, I


57, 108





dialysis of, . . . .43



INDEX OF SUBJECTS.



987



Proteid or Proteids, diet,
in diet, .
digestibility of,
digestion of,

, , , , nature of,
dry distillation of, .
empirical formula of,
of epithelium,
,, flour, .
formation of fats from

,, ,, glycogen from,



PAGE

. 891

872, 875, 878, 888

333, 338



399

400, 405

. 34

26



53

902, 933

. 901,

905, 919

. 350

64

. 42

837, 874, 875

31, 64, 400

57



of gastric juice,
glucoside theory of,
heat coagulation of,

,, value of, .
hydrolysis of, .

,, ,, by snake venom,

indiffusibility of, . . . 43
influence of, on bile secretion, . 566
of kidney, .... 92

,, lens, 123

living and non-living. (See also

Bioplasm.) ... 38, 80
of liver, ..... 85
„ lymph, . . . 182, 286

,, lymphatic glands, . . 81
,, meat, ..... 97
metabolism of, ... 897

of milk, . 126, 128, 129, 134, 665



molecular weight of,

of muscle,

,, nervous tissues,

nitrogen of,

non-assimilable,

organised,

oxidation of,

of pancreas,

,, pancreatic juice,

peptic digestion of,



26, 27

24, 95, 96, 97

. 116, 117

. 873

. 437

. 897, 898

. 34

92

24, 367, 368

401, 405, 406,

414, 541

. 402

. 24

. 183

153, 161

55

40, 41

. 392



of peptic digestion, .

percentage of, in tissues,

of pericardial fluid, .

,, plasma,

poisons, .

precipitation of,

,, by bile,

, , , , salts,

production of alkaloids from, .

properties and reactions of,

of protoplasm, ....

of pus cells, ....

putrefaction of. (See also Putre-
faction.) . . . .

quantitative estimation of,

quotient, ....

rational formula of, .

of red corpuscles,

,, red marrow cells, .

reducing power of, .

of retina,

rotatory power of,

of saliva, ....

separation of, from solution.



solubilities of, .
of spleen,
,, succus entericus, .
,, suprarenal body, .
sulphocyanate from.



41
58
39
81
83

465

41

162, 182

27, 34

. 155

. 84

38, 49
. 121

46

344, 503

. 40

39, 50
. 87

368, 369, 557

91

. 346



PAGE

Proteid or Proteids, of sweat, . . 673
of synovia, .... 184
synthesis of, . . 35, 893, 899
in vegetables, 25, 892
of testis, ..... 93
theories of constitution of, 38, 64

of thyroid, . . . 88, 89

tissue, .... 897, 898
transudation of, . . . 311
tryptio digestion of, 405, 406, 414, 416



unorganised,

ureide theory of,

of urine, ....
,, tests for,

vegetable,

,, crystalline,

,, digestibility of,

of vitreous humour, .

of whey, .
Proteide, ....
Protein, ....
Proteinchromogen,
Proteolysis,

,, estimation of.

Proteolytic ferments,



897, 898

. 36

85, 603

. 605

49, 51, 53

27, 43, 52

51, 333,

441

. 123

. 135

. 428

. 29

428

50

323



29.



313, 319, 326, 334,

551, 674

. 323

51, 54, 330,

403



activity of,
vegetable.



Proteoses. {See also Albumose.)
in blood,
,, cells,

,, cerebro-spinal fluid,
diffusibility of,
in digestion,
from fibrin solution,
in muscles, .
as poisons,
precipitants of,
in proteid decomposition,
rotatory power of,
in spermatozoa,
in spleen,
synthesis of, .
vegetable.
Prothrombin,

Protic acid, .....

Protoelastose, ....

Protogelatose, ....

Protoplasm, chemical nature of, .

,, proteids of,

,, of pus cells,

,, reducing power of,

Protoproteose, diff"usibility of,

, , molecular weight of,

Pseudechis, venom of, .
Pseudo-cerebrin, ....
feeding, ....
fibrin, ....
hsemocflobin,



50
165
82, 83
184
45
405
167
97
55, 56
40
28, 32
46
94



38

51, 53, 54

160, 166, 175, 179

. 103



72, 430
71, 429



mucin,
nuclein.



. 81
83
. 38
45, 46
. 46
58, 174
. 120
. 539
. 164
. 237

. . . .63, 456
. 65, 66, 67, 136
from phosphoglueo-pro-
teid, ... 64



peptone, .

xanthine.
Psychical feeding.
Ptomaines, .
Ptyalin,



63
. 101
539, 541
58, 465
326, 327, 344, 393



INDEX OF SUBJECTS.



32



Ptyalin, action of, on amyloses,

,, in animals,

,, effect of acids on,

,, ,. reaction on,

,, „ temperature on, .

,, reactions of, .

,, separation of, .

Ptyalose,

Puncture diabetes.
Purple cruorin, ....
Purpurate of ammonium,
Purpurin, .....
Pus-cells, cerebrosides of,

,, chemical composition of,
,, nuclein of, .
,, proteids of, .
Putrefaction, aromatic products of, 46,467,468



PAGE

326, 394
327
329
329
327
328
328
394
926
229
592
623
120

83
65, 83

83



fatty products of,

of proteids,

tyrosine derivatives of,



Putrescine,
Pycnonieter,
Pyloric glands,

,, region of stoniacli

,, secretion.
Pylorus, nerve-centres of,
Pyocyanin, .
Pyogenin,
Pyosin,
Pyoxanthin,
Pyrenin,
Pyridine,
Pyrocatechin,
Pyroglutaminic acid,
Pyrotartaric acid.
Pyrrol,



532, 534



470
465
467
59, 60
144

532, 534, 536
534
544
538
84
120
120



QUADRIURATES, .

Quinoidine, animal.
Quotient, proteid,
, , respiratory.



66

34

63, 92, 184, 606, 607

35

673

. 31, 34, 35

588, 589, 590

. 59

. 162, 182

700, 719, 756



Rabbit, albino, .... 37, 173
,, haemoglobin of, . . .193
,, milk of, 131

,, parotid gland of, . . .476

,, respiratory exchange of, . . 706

Eadiation in heat regulation, . . 850

Raffinose, . . . . . .12

Rat, hfemoglobin of, . . 193, 194, 206
Receptaculum chyli, .... 285

Rectum, absorption l)y, . . . 436

,, temperature of, . 787, 788, 824
Reduced hfematin. See Hwmochromogen.
,, hfemogloljin, .... 185

,, ,, crystallisation of, 232

,, ,, decomposition of, 243

,, ,, derivatives of, . 243

,, ,, dichroism of, . 233

,, ,, ])roduction of, . 230

,, ,, quantitative de-

termination of, 234
,, ,, reactions of, . 236

,, ,, spectro- photome-

tric constants of, 234
,, ,, spectrum of, 227,

234, 236
Reducing powei', . . . . . 7, 11

,, ,, of dextrose, . . 7, 11

,, ,, ,, disaccharides, 10, 11



PAGE

Reducing power of galactose, . . 11

,, ,, ,, lactose, ... 12

,, ,, ,, levulose, . . 11

,, ,, ,, maltose, . 11, 12

,, ,, ,, monosaccharides, . 7

,, ,, ,, proteids, . 38, 49

,, substance of aqueous humour, 122

,, blood, . 152, 925

,, ,, ,, contractingmuscle,110

J, ,, ,, manmia, . , 124

,, ,, ,, protagon, . . 119

,, ,, ,, suprarenal body, 91

Reflex inhibition of salivary secretion, . 512

,, stimulation of salivary glands.
Reindeer, milk of, . . .

Renal artery, ligature of,

,, vein, ligature of,
Rennet,

,, action of, on milk,



Rennin,



zymogen,



489
130
646
647
335
134
138
543
134, 326, 334, 350



134, 334,
. 126,



pancreatic casein.



326
. 335
. 335
. 543
. 335
. 335
. 187
. 753
. 101
78, 637
. 365

749, 753
. 31

749, 753



,, action of, on caseinogen

,, efi'ect of acids and alkalis on

,, ,, temperature on, .

,, formation of, .

,, reactions of, .

,, separation of, from pepsin.

Reptiles, hffimoglobin of,

,, respiration of,

, , uric acid in muscles of, .

,, urine of, . . .

Resch's test for hydrochloric acid.

Reserve air, .....

Eesidii fixe, .....

Residual air, ....

Residue, albuminous, of hfemoglobin, 243, 244

Resin of bile, ..... 372

Respiration in alimentary canal, . . 728

apparatus, 694, 695, 696, 697

,, of carbonic acid, . 739,742

,, ,, ,, oxide, . . 740

,, changes in air during, 754, 756

,, chemistry of,

,, of compressed air,

,, cutaneous, .

,, efl'ect of, on blood,

,, external,

, , of foetus,

,, ,, fishes,

,, frequency of,

,, of gases, ....

,, during hibernation, .

,, of hydrogen,

,, influence of, on bile secretion,

,, ,, ,, Ij'mph flow,

,, internal,

,, of nitrogen,

,, oxygen, .

,, ,, vitiated aii', .

,, volume of, .

Respiratory exchange in air,

,, causes of.



699,



692

. 737

723, 725

. 756

. 692

730, 733

704, 730

747, 753, 854

. 735

. 794

. 739

567

300

789

739

742

741

748

694



692,
735,



773, 78c



of cold - blooded
animals, . 701, 709

conditions aff'ect-
ing, . 700, 709, 756



cutaneous.
Cutaneous
sxiiration.



See
re-



INDEX OF SUBJECTS.



989



Respirator}^ exchange, diffusion in,
in eggs



PAGE

. 779
58.^, . • 734
in fretus, . 733, 745
influence of activity
of ali-
mentary
canalon,719
,, age on, 722

,, body size

on, 720, 745
,, food on, 71 7,

721, 727
,, muscular

activity
on, , 714,
721, 727
,, tempera-

ture on, 701,
709, 727,
735, 746,
748
,, time of

day on, 721
as measure of heat

production, . 847
measurement of,

694, 754

tables of. See Tables.

in tissues, . 780, 840,

895

of warm-blooded

animals, , 709, 711



in water.



699

185, 235, 236

61

700, 719, 756

. 70, 72, 88

32



Respiratory oxygen,

,, pigments, .

, , quotient, .

Reticulin,

,, decomposition of,
Retina, . . . . . .121

Retinal cones, ..... 20

Retroliugual salivary gland, . . . 476
Reversion, ...... 10

Rhamnose, ...... 2

Rhodopsin, ...... 122

Ricin, . . . . . . .55

Rickets, . . . . . .886

Rigor mortis, .... 95, 97

Rotation, specific, .... 6

Rotatory power of chitosan, . . 75

cholesterin, . , 23
dextrins, . . .16
disaccharides, . 10, 12

gelatin, . . .70
glycogen, . . 15

glycuronic acid, . 5
inulin, . . .14
leucine, . . .28
proteids, ... 46
starch, . . .14
Ruminants, salivary secretion of, . . 489
Rye, proteids of, . . . . .54

Saccharic acid . . . . 4, 5, 34

Saccharo-lactonic acid, ... 5

Salamander, respiration of, . . . 725

Saliva, . . . . . 342, 501

,, abnormal constituents of, . . 504

,, action of, on starch, . . . 393

,, amount of, .... 491

,, of animals, . . . 327,345



PAGE

Saliva, antilytic secretion of, . . 522

autiparalytic secretion of, . . 522
augmented secretion of, . 497, 525
chorda, 343, 496, 497, 498, 500, 506,
507, 511
composition of, effect of rate of se-
cretion on, 499



stimula-
tion on, .
493, 521,
346, 347,



498
522
504
508



dyspnceic secretion of,
gases of, .

influence of blood variations on, .
mixed, .... 344, 348
organic constituents of, 344, 347, 494,
496, 498, 500, 507
paralytic secretion of, . .519

parotid, 327, 343, 346, 347, 494, 495
percentage of fat in, . . . 17
pilocarpine, 481, 492, 493, 498, 500,

508
proteids of, .... 503

reflex secretion of, . . . 489
spheres of, .... 502

sublingual, . 343, 347, 494, 495

submaxillary, 327, 342, 346, 347, 494,

495
sulphocyanate of, 342, 343, 344, 345,

504



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