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E. A. (Edward Albert) Sharpey-Schäfer.

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sympathetic, 343, 494, 498, 500, 506,
507, 511, 525
tables of analysis of, . . 347, 348
tension of gases of, . . . 784
Salivary concretions, .... 345
corpuscles, . . 344, 501, 663
enzyme, . . 326, 327, 397, 503
ferment. See Enzymes.
glands, ..... 475
,, action of alkaloids on, 512
,, admaxillary, . 476, 479
,, albumino-mucous, . 478
,, albuminous, . . 477

,, alveolar cells of, . 477, 485
,, alveoli of, . .477, 507
,, anatomical characters

of, _ . . . . 475
,, of animals, . . . 478
blood flow of, . 504, 505
,, changes in, during

secretion, . . 485

,, chemistry of, . . 92
,, demilune, . . .478
,, ducts of, . , . . 477
,, electrical changes of, . 517
,, extirpation of, . 524, 930
,, heat-production in, 516, 843
, , histological characters

of, . . . . 477
,, influence of cortical sti-
mulation
on, . 484
,, ,, medulla on, 484

,, irritability of cells of, . 524
,, lymph flow of, . .510
,, mixed, . . . 477

,, muco-albuminous, . 478
,, mucous, . . . 477
,, nerves of, cranial, 479, 482,
504, 512, 518
„ ,, sympathetic, 479,

483, 504, 518, 522, 526



99°



INDEX OF SUBJECTS.



Salivary glands, nerve-ganglia of,



PAGE

480, 482,
484, 523



orbital, . . 476,
secreto-inhibitory fibres
of, ....
secretory fibres of,
,, pressure of,



478

526
526
511,
525
519



, , section of nerves of,
,, stimulation of cranial
nerves
of, 493, 505,
506
,, ,, ,, ,, reflex, 489
= > sympa-
thetic nerves of, 494, 505,
506
,, ,, trophic fibres of, . 526, 528
,, ,, weight of, . . . 476
,, secretion, antilytic, . . . 522
,, latent period of, 494, 505
,, ,, osmosis in, . . 529
,, ,, paralytic, . . . 519
,, ,, reflex inhibition of, . 512
,, ,, ,, through peri-
pheral ganglia, 523
,, ,, in ruminants, . . 489
Salkowski's reaction, .... 23

Salmine, ...... 93

Salts. See Inorganic constiinents.

Saponification, .... 19, 446

Saprine, ...... 60

Sarcolactic acid of aqueous humour, . 122

,, ,, blood plasma, . 157, 159

,, ,, liver, ... 85
„ ,, muscle, 95, 99



„ spleen, .
>j !) thymus, .

„ ,, thyroid, .

,, ,, urine,

Sarcolemnia, chemical nature of,
Sarcoma, melanotic, iron in,
Sarcosin, ....
Sarkin, ....

Sauropsida, urinary excretion of,
Sausages, alkaloids in, .
Scherer's test, . . . .42
Schizoiieura lagunisosa,
Schlieren-apparat,
Schlosing's method of estimating am

monia, .....
Schultze's Glaskor2xr, .
Schweitzer's reagent
Sclerotic, .....
Scyllite, .....
Sebaceous glands,
,, secretion,

,, ,, influence of nerves

on.
Sebum, .....

Second wind, ....
Secretion of bile. See Bile secretion.
Secretion, digestive,

,, . gastric. (See also Gastric

secretion. )
,, internal,
,, intestinal. See Intestinal
secretion.
milk. See Milk secretio7i.



104, 106,

110, 911

78



616
95

78
427
596
637

59
424

16
269

586
217

16
121

87
674
674

681
674
747

342

349

937



PAGE

Secretion, mucous, of mouth, . 344, 348
,, pancreatic. See Pancreatic

secretion.
, , salivary. See Saliva, Salivary

secretion.
, , skin. See Skin secretion.
,, urinary. See Urinary secre-
tion.
Secreto-inhibitory nerves of pancreas, 549, 550
,, ,, salivary



glands,
Secreto-motor nerves of kidney, .
Secretory granules, gastric, .
,, ,, intestinal,

,, ,, mammary,

,, ,, pancreatic,

,, ,, salivary,

,, nerves.



,, pressure of bile,
,, ,, ,, saliva.

Selachians, urea in organs of,

Semen, chemistry of, .

SemicoUin, .

Semiglutin, .

Semilunar ganglion,

Seminose,

Semipermeable membranes

Sepia, skeletin of,

Sepsine,

Septic fluids, alkaloid of,

Septicine,

Sericin,

Serine,

Serous fluids.

Serum albumin, .



526
660
531

554
668
546
479
. 526
of kidney, . . . 660
,, orbital gland, . 482

,, pancreas, . 549, 550
,, salivary glands, 479, 482,
493, 494, 512, 525, 526
. 560
511, 525



. 103

. 93

71, 430

71, 430

550

7

264

74

59

59

59

74, 76

163

181

161, 163, 182



,, of aqueous humour, . 122

,, carbohydrate from, . 64

,, carbonic acid in, . .771

,, coagulation temperature

of, . . . .43
,, crystallisation of, . 43

,, heat value of, . . 834

,, mechanical precipita

tion of, . . . 43
,, rotatory power of, . 46

ash of, . . . . 25, 772
bilirubin in, . . . . 383
fibrinogen, . . . .176
gases of, . , . . . 157
globulin, . . . 161, 163, 182
,, of aqueous humour, . 122
,, carbohydrate from, . 64
,, mechanical precipita-
tion of, . . . 43
,, rotatory power of, . 46
,, temperature of coagula
tion of,
lutein
of muscle,



pigment of.
Shark, bile of.
Sheep, hffimoglobin of,

,, milk of,

,, salivary glands of,
Shell-fish, alkaloids in,



20



43
159

96
20, 159
373
193
130
477

59



INDEX OF SUBJECTS.



991



Silica, .
Silicic acid, .

,, in liver,

,, ,, urine,

Silicon,

Silk, skeletin of, .
Silkworm, skin of,
Sinistrin,

Skatol, 29, 47, 72^
,, excretion of,
,, tests for, .
Skatol-carbonic acid,

,, „ tests for,

Skatoxyl,

,, glycuronic acid,

red,
,, sulphuric acid,
Skeletal tissues, chemistry of,



467, 468, 469, 473



29



PAGE

25, 79, 473

. 77

. 87

. 634

2

. 76

16

. 64

607

470

. 469

, 47, 467, 468

. 469

470, 607, 628

. 613

, 628

. 631

. Ill



Skeletins, ... 70, 72, 74, 75, 76
Skin, absorption by, in animals, . 688, 690
,, ,, ,, in man, . 669, 685

,, glands, electrical phenomena

of, 681

,, loss of heat from, . . 850,855

,, respiration by, . . . 723, 725
,, secretions. (See also Sweat,

Sebaceous secretion.) . 669

,, ,, alkaloid in, . . 673

,, ,, chemical nature of, . 670

,, ,, functions of, . . 669

,, ,, nervous mechanism of, 676

,, ,, of vertebrates, . 669, 673

,, ,, watery, . . . 670

,, temperature of, . . . . 829

,, varnishing, . . . . .727

Slime of fishes, .... 674, 676

Smegma preputii, . . . ,674

Snail, gluco-proteids of, . . 62, 64

,, skeletins of, .... 75

Snakes, temperature of, . . . 849

,, urine of, . . . . 590, 909

,, venom of, . . 55, 56, 181

„ ,, action of, 57, 146,174, 179

,, ,, toxic power of, . . 58

Soaps, 19, 20, 446

„ absorption of, . 451, 456, 457, 463
,, nutritive value of, . . . 881

Soda, 77, 87

Sodium, 2

,, bicarbonate, . . . .78

,, carbonate, . .76,78,145,157
„ chloride, 25, 76, 77, 93, 113, 154,
157, 882, 883
,, ,, precipitation of pro-

teids by, . . 42

phosphate, . 76, 78, 113, 145, 157

,, salts of body, .... 77

,, ,, proteids, ... 25

,, ,, urine, . , 633, 634

sulphate, . . 76, 78, 113

Soluble ferments. {^eQ also Enzymes.) 312

,, starch, ... 13, 14, 395

Sorbite, ...... 4

Soret's band, . . . 226, 227, 246

Specific gravity of blood, . . .143

,, heat of body, . . . .838

,, rotation. (See also Rotatory



Spectrophotometric constants of CO-hse-

m o g.



239



Spectrophotometry,
Spectrum of bile, .

„ ,, „ pigments.



383,



,, CO-hsemoglobin,

,, bffimatin,

,, hfematoporphyrin,

,, hfemochromogen,
,, HCN-hsemoglobin,
,, methsemoglobin,
,, NO-h£emoglobin,
,, oxyhcemoglobin,
in Pettenkofer's test,
photographic.



lobiii

xyhse-

m og-

lobin,

213, 223

reduced

hsemo-

globin, 284

209, 216, 313

. 390

386, 387,

388

. 239

. 251

260, 382,

626

251, 255

. 248

. 246

. 241

208, 211

. 377

225, 236



of CO -hemoglobin, 240
o X y h se m 0-



globin,
, , of reduced haemoglobin
,, ,, retinal pigments,
,, ,, urine,
,, ,, urobilin, ,
,, ,, uroerythrin,
,, visible.
Spermaceti, ....

Spermatozoa, composition of,

,, nuclein of

Spermine, phosphate of.
Spheres, salivary, . . . .

Spider, poison of, ....

, , urinary secretion of,
,, web of, .
Spinal cord, percentage of proteids in,
Spirographidin, . . . . .

Spirographin, . . . . .

Spirographis, hyalogen of, .
Spirometer, ......

Splanchnic nerves, influence of, on gastric
secretion, ......

Spleen, chemistry of, .
,, during inanition,
,, influence of, on metabolism.
Sponge, skeletin of,
Spongin,
Sputum mucin.
Squirrel, hsemoglobin of.



225

234, 236

. 123

. 617

. 621

. 625

208, 234

. 20

. 93

65, 66

. 94

. 502

. 55

. 637

76

24

64

64

64

752



539

87

890

959

75



poiver. )

Spectrophotometer of Hiifner,
,, Vierordt,



6

220
216



Starch,



absorption of, .
action of ferments on,

,, acids on,
assimilation of.



bacterial digest;
cellulose, .
digestion of,
granulose,
heat value of,
hydrolysis of,
paste,
soluble,



on of.



. 74, 75, 76

. 62

193, 195, 198,

204, 206

4, 13, 14, 473

. 434, 435

.326, 393, 394

. 396

. 880

. 470

14

393, 396, 556

14

834, 835, 837

13, 14, 396

. 14

13, 14, 395



992



INDEX OF SUBJECTS.



Starvation. See Inanition.
Steapsin, .... 326, 336, 339
Steai'ate of magnesium, ... 78

Stearic acid, . .18,20,22,118,119,

456, 675
Stearin, .... 18, 133, 159

Stearyl, 18, 22

Steatolytic ferments. See Ferments.
Stercobilin, . . . 388, 474, 622

Stethal, 20

Stoffivechsel, 868

Stokes's reagent, 230

Stomach, absorption by, . . .730
,, changes in, during digestion, 531
fundus of, . . . 534, 544
,, gases of, .... 729
,, nerves of, ... . 537
,, nerve-centres of, . . . 538
,, ,, plexuses of, . . . 538
,, pyloric region of, . . 534, 544
Stroma of corpuscles, . . . 188, 191
Strychnia, action of, on sweat secre-
tion, 679

Sturine, ...... 93

Sublingual ganglion, . . . 480, 481

,, gland in animals, . 475, 478

,, ,, nerves of, . . 479, 483

saliva, . 343, 347, 494, 495

Submaxillary ganglion, . . 480, 481

,, gland in animals, . . 478

,, ,, heat production in, 516,

843
,, ,, nerves of, . 479, 483

,, mucin, .... 62

saliva, 327, 342, 346, 347, 494,

495

Succinic acid, . . 104,465,470,673

Succus entericus. (See also Intestinal

secretion.) . . . 368, 397, 398

,, enzymes of, 341, 397, 398,

556

,, ,, mechanism of secretion

of, . . . . 554

,, ,, proteids of, . . 24

Sudoric acid, . . . . .671

Sugar. (See also Monosaccharides, Di-
saccharides.) . . . . • 2, 4

,, absorption of, . . . . 435

,, bacterial digestion of, . . 470

„ in blood, . 6, 10, 158, 610, 894, 914,

916, 917, 920, 923,

925, 926, 928

,, cane, . . 2, 4, 9, 10, 398, 435

,, of chyle, 183

,, in digestion of glycogen, . . 397
,, ,, ,, ,, starch, . . 393

,, heat value of, .... 834
,, of liver, .... 85, 926

,, lymph, 182

,, in metabolism, . . . .922
,, ,, milk, (See Lactose.) . . 9, 12
,, muscle, . 100, 105, 110, 606

,, production of, from proteids, . 30
,, synthesis of, .... 5
,, of tendon mucin, ... 62
,, of urine. (See also Glycosuria,

Lactosuria.) . . . 608, 612

Sulphates, calcic, . . . .78

,, potassic, . 76, 78, 113, 157

„ sodic, ... 76, 78, 113



PAGE

Sulphates of body, . , . 26,79

,, ,, sweat, . . . 672, 673

,, urine, . 26, 79, 613, 631, 906

Sulphide of iron, ..... 78

Sulphoc^'anate of proteid metabolism,

,, ,, saliva, 342, 343, 344,

504
Sulpho-methtemoglobin,
Sulphur, ....

,, of amyloid substance,
,, bile, .

,, elimination of,

,, of food, .

,, ,, hferaoglobin,

,, ,, keratin,

,, ,, liver cells, .

,, ,, proteids,

,, ,, taurine,

,, ,, urine, .
Sulphuretted hydrogen.



346
345,
632
249
2
74
901
575
563
202
73
85
26, 29
. 379
630, 631
29, 32, 72, 73, 76,
470, 473
of alimentary canal,

729
25, 26, 30, 77, 87, 630
749, 753
. 90
. 957
. 948
957



Sulphuric acid.

Supplemental air,

Suprarenal body, chemistry of,

,, ,, of Elasmobranchs,

,, ,, excision of,

,, ,, extract of, 950, 951

,, ,, influence of, on meta-

bolism, .
,, ,, ofTeleostei,

Sweat. (See also Skin secretions.
,, of animals,
,, carbonic acid of,
,, centres,

,, chemical composition of,
,, creatinine of, . ■
,, ethereal siUphates of, .
,, fattj' acids of,
,, nitrogen-excretion by,
,, percentage of fat in, .
,, proteids of, . . '

,, secretion, action of alkaloids on,
,, ,, ,, ,, temperature

on, .
,, ,, mechanism of,

,, ,, nervous influence on, .

,, salts of, . . . 671, 672, 673
,, urea of, . . 671, 672, 673

Swimming-bladder, .... 704
Sympathetic nerves of salivary glands, 497,

483, 504
,, ,, ,, ,, section

of, . 522
,, ,, ,, ,, stimu-

lation of, 494, 505, 506,
508, 526
saliva, 343, 494. 498, 506, 507,
511, 525

Synovia, 181, 184

,, percentage of fat in, . . 17

,, ,, ,, proteid in, . 24

Synthesis of alkaloids, ... 60

,, ,, choline, .... 21

,, fats, . . 893, 899, 931

,, glycocoll, . . .379

,, ,, glycogen, . . . 893

,, ,, hippuric acid, . . 600, 892

,, ,, leucine, .... 421



958

957

670

673

671

679

671

672

672, 673

672, 673

. 672

. 17

. 673

679



680
676
676



INDEX OF SUBJECTS.



993



Synthesis of organic substances by ani-
mals, 892



))


,,


,, ,, plants,




25,


892


,,


,, proteids, . 35, 893,


899


J)


,, sugars, ....


5, 6


)J


,, taurine, ....


379


S J


,, urea, . . . 581,


893




,, uric acid, . 586, 893,


909


Synthesised colloids, ....


36


Syntonin. {^%% dX^o Acid albumin.) 50,


404


"


rotatory power of,


46


Table


of analysis of bile, . 370, 371,


568




,, ,, ,, elastin,


71






, ,, keratin,


73






, ,, lymph.


182






, ,, mucins.


62






, ,, oxyhffimoglobin, .


198






, ,, pancreatic juice, .


367






, ,, placental blood, .


733






,, saliva, 347, 348,


496,




498, 499, 500,


508




,, ,, ,, skeletius, .


76




,, ash of milk, ....


885




,, bile pressures, . .


560




,, carbonic acid absorption,


770




,, ,, ,, in serum,


771




,, composition of blood, . 153,


154




,, ,, ,, colostrum.


127




,, ,, ,, foodstuflf's,


874




,, milk, 128, 129


130




,, ,, ,, nervous tissues,


116,
117




,, ,, ,, protagon,


119




,, ,, ,, sebum, .


674




,, ,, ,, sweat, . 671


673




,, ,, ,, urine, . 572,


573




,, cont


tituents of meat.


96



,, copper, nickel, and cobalt re-
actions of proteids, . . 48
,, diets, .... 877, 879
,, diffusions, .... 264
,, enzymes, .... 326
,, experiments in asphyxia, 743, 744,
745, 746
,, ,, ,, respiration of

carbonic
oxide, 741
,, ,, oxygen, 737
,, expired air, .... 755
,, filtrations, . . . 282, 283
,, frequency of respiration, 747, 753
,, gases of alimentary canal, . 729
,, ,, ,, blood, . 715, 761, 763,
764, 769
,, heat of combustion, . . 834
,, ,, loss, . . . .850
,, ,, production, 833, 838, 847, 853
,, hydrolysing processes of fer-
ments, .... 58
,, inorganic constituents of body, 77
,, food, 882
,, isodynamic foodstuffs, . 835, 837
,, leucine and tyrosine, . . 425
,, nitrogen absorption, . . 769
, , , , and sulphur elimina-
tion, . . . 562

VOL. I. — 63



PAGE

Table of nitrogen loss in inanition, . 890
,, ,, nutritive equilibrium, . 871,872
,, ,, osmotic pressures, 265, 266, 267,

278
,, ,, oxygen absorption, . 766, 767
,, ,, percentage of chlorides in

body fluids, 77, 78
,, ,, ,, ,, fat in tissues, 17

,, ,, ,, ,, iron in hfemo-

globin, . 201
,, ,, ,, ,, phosphorus in

nucleo - pro-
teids, . . 81
,, ,, ,, ,, proteids in

tissues, . 24
,, ,, ,, ,, w a t e r in

muscle, 95
,, ,, ,, ,, ,, nervous

tissues, 115

,, ,, proteids, .... 48

,, ,, ,, of lens, . . .124

,, ,, ,, ,, plasma, . . 162

,, ,, residual air, .... 750

,, ,, respiratory exchanges, . 701, 706,

710, 711, 714, 716, 718,

722, 723, 724, 726, 734,

795, 841, 848, 859, 864

,, ,, rotatory power of proteids, . 43

,, ,, salts of milk, . . . 131

,, ,, ,, ,, sweat, . . . 672

,, ,, solubilities of albumins and

globulins, . 50
,, ,, ,, ,, casein and

caseinogen, . 138

,, ,, sweat secretion, . . . 671

,, ,, temperature of blood, . . 827

,, ,, ,, ,, body, 789, 790, 791,

793, 795, 799, 801,

805, 806, 808, 809,

810, 811, 813, 815,

817, 818, 825, 826,

860, 867

,, ,, ,, ,, coagulation of

proteids, . 43
,, ,, ,, after skin- var-

nishing, . 727

,, ,, urea excretion in inanition, . 888
,, ,, vital capacity, . . 751, 753
,, ,, weights of salivary glands, . 477
Tail-gland of birds, .... 675
Tannin, precipitation of proteids by, . 40

Tartar, 345

Tartaric acid, ..... 5

Taurine, ...... 379

,, in bile, 372, 373, 378, 379, 562, 632,

901
,, ,, kidney, .... 92

,, ,, muscle, . . . 100, 103
,, from proteids, .... 901

,, in suprarenal body, ... 90
Taurocholic acid, . 372, 373, 374, 376, 392,

454

,, ,, of suprarenal body, . 90

Teichmann, crystals of, . . . 252

Teleostei, suprarenals of, . . . 957

Temperature of axilla, . . 787, 788, 824

,, ,, bees, . . . 792, 807

,, ,, birds, . . . 787, 791

,, ,, blood, . . . .826

,, ,, body, . . . .788



994



INDEX OF SUBJECTS.



Temperature of body, determination of, 786,

792

coefficient of filtration, . 281

of cold-blooded animals, 787,
792, 849, 865

compatible with life, , 821

conditions affecting, . 798

constant, development of, 865

after death, , . . 866

diurnal variations in, . 798

during hibernation, . 796

,, inanition, . . 889
individual peculiarities in,
influence of age on, .
baths on.



812
803
818
820
809



,, ,, drugs on,

,, ,, food on,

,, ,, heat and cold

on,
,, ,, menstruation

on,
,, ,, mental work

on,
, , , , pregnancy on,
,, ,, race on,
,, ,, season on,
,, ,, sex on, .
,, ,, sleep on,
,, ,, surrounding
temperature
on,

,, ,, work on, . 806
,, ,, on zymolysis, 320,
327, 331, 335, 337, 339
internal, . . . 824, 826
of mammals, . . . 787
of mouth, , 787, 788, 824

of plants, . . .849

of rectum, . 787, 788, 824
regulation. (See also .fiTeai.) 831



814



812



812
811
813
810
810



812



after section of cord,

of skin, . . . ,

after skin-varnishing,

vasomotor control of,

of warm-blooded animals,



856
829
727
854
787,
, 865
62



Tendon mucin, .....
,, section of, effect of on muscle

glycogen, .... 105
Tension of dissociation, . . . 775
Testis, chemistry of, . . . .93

Tetanine, 59, 60

Tetanus, alkaloid in, . . . . 59
Tetra paper, ..... 365

Tetronerythrin, ..... 20
Tetroses, ...... 2

Tewfikose, 132

Theory or Theories, cleavage, of proteid

diges'tion, . 405, 406,

414, 416

,, of fat absorption, . 449,

451, 457

,, ,, glycogenesis, . 922

,, hydrolytic, of pep-

tonisation, .
,, of metabolism,

,, micellar, of peptoni-

sation,

,, of proteid constitu-

tion, ... 38



400
870



400



PAGE
Theory or Theories of urinary secre-
tion, . . . . " . .639
Thermometers, . . . . ' . 785
Thioglycollic acid, .... 26
Thiolactic acid, ..... 34
Thiry fistula, .... 368, 555
,, Vella fistula, .... 555
Thoracic duct, ..... 285
sources of lymph of, . 290
160, 166, 170, 175, 179
165, 172
. 67



Thrombin, .

Thrombosin,

Thymic acid,

Thymin,

Thymus, chemistry of,
,, function of, .
,, iodine in,
,, nucleic acid of,
,, percentage of proteid in,
,, phosphorus of nucleo-proteid
of, ,

Thyreo-antitoxin,

Thyreoproteid



938, 940, 942



55, 68



66, 93



960



66
24



81



89



Thyroid, ablation of, .

,, chemistry of,

,, extract,

,, feeding,

,, grafting,

,, interna] secretion of,
Thyroiodin, ....
Tidal air, ....
Tide, alkaline.
Tissue fibrinogens,
,, proteid,
,, tension.
Tissues, chemistry of, .
Toad, parotids of,

,, skin secretion of,
Tollens' reaction, .
Tomato, pigment of,
Tooth, chemistry of,
Topler Schlierenapparat,
Torpedo mucin, .

,, organ,
Torula urece,
Toxalbumoses,

Toxic power of anthrax albumose,
,, ,, cholera toxo-peptone,

,, ,, diphtheria toxin, .

,, ,, peptone,

,, ,, snake-venoms,

Toxins, .....

Transudation of proteids,

Traube cell, .....

Trehalose, ......

Triacetin, ......

Tribromamido-benzoic acid, .
Tricalcium casein, ....

Trichloracetic acid as pi-ecipitant of
proteids, ......

Trichlorethylglycuronic acid,
Trihydroxyphenyl-pi'opionic acid.
Triolein, ......

Trioses, ......

Trioxybutyric acid, ....

Tripalmitin, . . . . .

Tristearin, ......

Trommer's test, .....

Troppeolin test i'or hydrochloric acid
Trophic nerves.



. 943

. 944

939, 942

. 938

. 89

748, 753

. 579

173, 176

. 897

. 307

. 80

. 674

. 673

. 612
20

. 112

. 269

. 110

. 110

. 313

. 56

. 58

. 58

. 58

. 55

. 58
55, 59

. 311

. 269

. 12

. 18

. 34

. 136



Trypsin,



40

614

606

18

2

5

18

18

7

365

526, 528



326, 336, 337, 415, 552



INDEX OF SUBJECTS.



995



Trypsin, action of, on proteids, 326, 405, 406,

416
,, milk, . . 127

estimation of activity of, . 323

influence of reaction on, . . 337
,, temperature on, . 337
preparation of, . . .315
reactions of, . . . . 337
Trypsin ogen, . . . . .551



Tryptic digestion,



amido-acids of,
ammonia of,
chromogen of, .
cleavage theory



414, 418, 428



Tryptophan,
Tubules, renal,



421
. 427
. 427
of, 405,
406, 416
organic bases of, . 426
. 417, 421, 427
639, 650, 652, 655
Tunica media, percentage of proteids in, 24
Tunicata, test of, . . . . .16

Tunicin, 4, 14, 16

Turacin, ...... 61

Turbellarians, haemoglobin of, . .187
Typhoid fever, alkaloid in, . . 59, 60

Typhotoxin, 59, 60

Tyroleucine, . . . . .31

Tyrosine, 423

,, absorption of, ... 469

,, in bacterial digestion, . . 466
,, constitution of, . . . 423
,, from decomposition of albumi-
noids, 72, 73,
74, 75, 76
,, ,, ,, ,, proteids, 28,

29, 31, 32, 34, 46, 63
,, derivatives of putrefaction, . 467
,, from different substances, . 425
in digestion, 405, 406, 416, 421,
423, 437
, , liver.





,, pancreas, .




92




separation of, from leucine.




424




in spleen,




87




,, sweat,




673




,, testis,




93




tests for.




424




in urine.




602


Tyrosine-hydantoin ,




602


Tyrotoxicon, ....




59


Ueate of ammonium, .




78


) J


,, calcium,




78


Urates, . . . 587, 588,


590,


591


Urea






581




amount of, .




892




in aqueous humour.


122,


183




artificial production of, 33,


427,


581




in bile, ....




390




,, blood, . . 160, 900,


902,


919




chemical composition of.




581




in chyle, ....




183




decomposition of.


581,


582




estimation of, .




583




excretion during inanition, .


887,


888




ferment, ....




907




formation of, in liver, .




906




heat value of.




834




hydrolysis of, . . .




582



PAGE

Urea, in intestinal juice, . . . 557

kidney, 92

liver, ... 86, 562, 902
lymph, ..... 182
metabolism, .... 906

milk, 126

muscle, . . . 100, 102, 904

nervous tissues, . . . 116

nitrate of, . . . . . 581

oxalate of, . . . . . 581

oxidation of, ... . 583

preparation of, . . . . 583

production of, from arginine, . 33

,, ,, ,, creatine, . 904

,, ,, ,, lysatine, . 33

2)roperties of, ... . 581

in proteid decomposition, 28, 33, 34, 427

quantity of, .... 584

relation of, to ammonium carbonate, 582

,, ,, uric acid, . 586, 593

in saliva, ..... 344

salts of, 581

in sweat, . . . 671, 672, 673
synthesis of, . . . 581, 893
in synthesis of proteids, . . 35

tests for, 583

in torpedo organ, . . .111
urine, . . 571, 572, 581, 637

36
586
649
586
160
586
588
593
592
596

tions in, . . 595

influence of drugs on, 595

,, ,, exercise

on.



Ureide theory of proteids,

Ureides, ......

Ureter, ligature of, ... •

Uric acid, ......

in blood plasma, .
chemical constitution of,
condition of, in urine, .
effect of diet on production of,
estimation of, . . .
excretion in disease,

individual varia-



heat value of,

intestinal excretion of,

in kidney, .

,, leucocytosis,

,, leukfemia,

,, liver,

,, metabolism,

,, muscle,

,, nervous tissues,

,, new-born children, .

,, pancreas, . . . .

preparation of, .

properties of, . . •

from proteid decomposition,

quantity of, .

reactions of, . . .

relation of, to xanthine bases.



595

834

595

92

. 67

. 910

85, 86, 902, 909

. 909

. 100, 101

. 116



595

92

591

587

28

586

592

67,

596

,, ,, urea, . 586, 593

salts, 587

in spleen, .... 87
spontaneous separation of, 578, 588
in sweat, . . • .6/3
synthesis of, . 586, 893, 909

tests for, . . . .592
variations in amoimt of, . 593
of urine, 571, 572, 586, 637, 653



996



INDEX OF SUBJECTS.



Urinary excretion, characteristics of,



PAGE
635

pigments, . . 388, 571, 572
secretion. Bowman's theory

of, . . 639, 650
,, concentration of, . 650

,, Heidenhain's theory

of, . . 652, 658
, , influence of circula-

tion on,
641, 644
,, ,, ,, diuretics

on, . 647
,, „ ligature
of renal
artery
on, . 646
,, ,, ,, ligature

of renal



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