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E. Morris (Edmund Morris) Fergusson.

Intermediate grade lessons for the Sunday school : first year online

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PRINCETON . NEW JERSEY
PRESENTED BY



REV. E.^. FERGUSSON



BS1140.3 .F47 1906

Fergusson, E. Morris (Edmund

Morris), 1864-1934.

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INTERMEDIATE



Grade Lessons



FOR THE



Sunday School



BY THE

Rev. e. Morris Fergusson



FIRST YEAR



Part I. The Old Testament

Part II. Old Testament History, Creation to David

Part III. Old Testament History, Solomon to Hezekiah



PHILADELPHIA

THE WESTMINSTER PRESS

1906



CONTENTS



PART I
The Old Testament

L«sson Page

I. The Ancient World g

II. The Ancient Empires 1 1

III. Makers of Old Testament History 12

IV. Divisions of the Old Testament 13

V. The Pentateuch 14

VI. The Books of History 15

VII. The Books of History (Continued) 16

VIII. The Books of History (Concluded) 17

IX. Poetry and Wisdom. 18

X. The Prophets 19

XL The Prophets (Continued) 20

XII. The Prophets (Concluded) 21

XIII. Review 22

PART II
Old Testament History, Creation to David

Lesson Page

I. The Beginnings of History 27

II. Abraham, the Friend of God 28

III. The Family of Jacob 30

IV. Israel in Egypt 31

V. Moses , 32

VI. Israel in the Wilderness 34

5



6 CONTENTS

Lesson Page

VII. The Settlement in Canaan 35

VIII. The Tribes in Canaan 2>1

IX. The Times of the Judges 38

X. Samuel 40

XL David 42

XII. David's Empire 44

XIII. Review 45



PART III

Old Testament History, Solomon to Hezekiah

Lesson Page

I. Solomon's Glory 49

II. David's Line 50

III. The Kingdom of Israel 52

IV. Elijah 53

V. Elisha 54

VI. Jehu's Revolution 56

VII. From Joash to Hezekiah 57

VIII. The Age of Uzziah 59

IX. The Assyrian Power 60

X. The Early Prophets 62

XL The Early Prophets (Concluded) ^z

XII. Hezekiah 64

XIII. Review 66



PART I
THE OLD TESTAMENT



®Ii^ WUi (StBttLvx^nt



LESSON I

The Ancient World

The Old Testament tells the story of the Hebrew people, and how
Jehovah their God took care of them and prepared them for the
coming of the Messiah, Jesus the Christ. This story runs for about
fifteen hundred years, from the call of Abraham to the prophecy of
Malachi, about four hundred years before Christ.

The scene of this story lies in that part of the world now called
Turkey in Asia. Find it on your school map. It is a dry, hot
country, and the greater part of it has always been a desert. Near

the corners of our map we
notice four seas, the Caspian
Sea on the northeast, the Per-
sian Gulf on the southeast,
the Red Sea with its two gulfs
on the southwest, and to the
westward the eastern end of
the Mediterranean, or Great
Sea.

As the country is largely
desert, the life of the people
has always centered more or
less about the rivers. Our map shows four rivers. The river to
the eastward is the Ti'g-ris; the larger one, into which the Tigris
empties, is the Eu-phra'tes; and the river with several mouths,
flowing north and emptying into the Mediterranean, is the Nile.
The little river near the Mediterranean coast, emptying into that
tiny lake, is the Jordan. That lake, by the way, is forty-seven
miles long.

[Note. — Of course the graduates of the Junior Department know
these things ; but they are put here to help those that have not studied
Bible geography before.]
Four countries must also be located. On the lower Euphrates,

9




THE ANCIENT WORLD



10 INTERMEDIATE GRADE LESSONS

from the Persian Gulf up, was the land of Chal-dse'a or Bab-y-
lo'ni-a. North of Babylonia, on the Upper Tigris, was the country
of As-syr'-i-a. West of the Red Sea, along the Nile to the southward,
stretched the land of E'gypt. And between the Great Sea and the
Jordan, extending east of the river a few miles, was the land of
Ca'naan, called in later times Palestine, the Holy Land, the land of
Israel. It was guarded on the north by mountains, on the east and
south by great deserts, and on the west by the sea. God chose this
little land to be the home of his people.
Learn

I. TWELVE FEATURES OF THE ANCIENT? WORLD

Four Seas, C. S., P. G., R. S., M. S.

Four Rivers, T., K, N., J.

Four Countries, C. or B., A., E., C.

1 What story does the Old Testament tell ?

2 Where does this story begin, and where does it end ?

3 On your school map, draw lightly four lines, inclosing the surface
given in the map herewith.

4 What countries and continents lie beyond the edges of this map?

5 Around which would you sail in going from the Persian Gulf to the
upper end of the Red Sea? From thence to the coast of Canaan?

6 What is the general character of the country shown on the map ?

7 Name and locate the four seas.

8 Name and trace the four rivers. What more do you know about
these? ,jj

9 Name and locate the four countries.
ID Other names for Canaan?

11 How was the situation of Canaan peculiar?

12 Which were the twelve features of the ancient world?

Notebook Work. — Have a notebook especially for these lessons. Any
good blank book will do ; but a square book, small quarto size, with stiff
sides, will be found most convenient. Make the title page with care :
examine printed books to see how the lines are arranged. Your name
should go in as author of the book, of course ; and your Sunday-school's
name may go in at the bottom, where the publisher's name is generally
placed. For a frontispiece, facing the title page, draw Map i, enlarging
the scale with the help of the cross-lines. Any school teacher can show
you how to do this. For each lesson, write the things you learn. The
answers to all the questions should be written out ; but it is better to



THE OLD TESTAMENT II



answer them not one by one, but in the form of a connected story, or
a statement of things learned. If this makes more work than you have
time for, do what the teacher assigns. Pictures appropriate for illustra-
tion may be pasted in wherever they will help.



LESSON II

The Ancient Empires

As we study Hebrew and Jewish history, we learn much of the
empires that rose, one after another, each seeking to conquer and
rule the lands of the ancient world. Four of these great empires
influenced the Hebrew people during Bible times.

The first of these was the Egyptian empire. While the Hebrews
were in Egypt, growing up into a nation, the new Pha'raoh or king
of Egypt, Thoth'mes HI., followed by his son, Ram'ses II., made great
expeditions all over the Old Testament world, extending the power
of Egypt. It was this Ramses II., probably, who oppressed the
Israelites. The Pharaohs did not keep these conquests long; but
during the whole of the Old Testament period, Egypt was a strong
and sometimes a conquering kingdom. It was also rich, highly
civilized, and full of wonderful temples and other works of ancient
times.

The second was the Assyrian empire. The Assyrians dwelt on
the banks of the upper Tigris and eastward to the mountains of
Armenia. Nineveh was their capital. Fierce and warlike, their
great kings loved to conquer, plunder, and carry away captive ; and
few cities ever held out against the Assyrian soldiers. Sen-nach'e-rib
was the most noteworthy of the Assyrian conquerors.

The third was the Chaldsean or Babylonian empire. Its country
was the lower Euphrates Valley, and its capital was the great city of
Babylon. The greatest king of this empire was Neb-u-chad-nez'zar,
who reigned from 604 to 561 b. c.

The fourth was the Persian empire, founded by Cyrus, who con-
quered Babylon in 539 b. c. Persia lay east of the Persian Gulf.
The greatest king of the Persian empire was Darius I., 521 to 486
B. c.

After these came other empires, in the time between the Old Tes-
tament and the New. In New Testament times the Bible world was
ruled by the Roman empire.



INTERMEDIATE GRADE LESSONS



Learn

II. FOUR ANCIENT EMPIRES



I. The Egyptian empire.
II. The Assyrian empire.

III. The Chaldaean or Babylonian empire.

IV. The Persian empire.



1 Why should we learn about the ancient empires?

2 What empire ruled the Hebrews while they were beginning to be
a nation ?

3 What were the kings of this empire called?

4 What did Thothmes III. and Ramses II. do?

5 Describe the country of Egypt.

6 Where did the Assyrians live?

7 What were they like?

8 What was the third empire?

9 Who was its greatest king?

10 Who founded the Persian empire? when?

11 Where did it lie?

12 In New Testament times, what empire had taken the place of
these?

13 Which were the four ancient empires?

LESSON III

Makers of Old Testament History

The Old Testament is full of stories about great men and women
whom God raised up and helped, so that they did wonderful things
for his cause. But among them all five men stand out worthy to be
remembered as those whose lives and work helped to shape the
history of God's people. Let us, therefore, learn

III. FIVE OLD TESTAMENT LEADERS

I. Abraham, "the friend of God," the founder of the Hebrew
people, who in very early times, at God's call, migrated with his
family or tribe and their possessions from Chaldaea to Canaan.

II. Moses, the great leader and lawgiver, who delivered the Israel-
ites from bondage in Egypt, led them in their wanderings to Canaan,
and taught them the will of God as their law.



THE OLD TESTAiMENT I3



III. David, the shepherd king, who organized the tribes of Israel
into a nation, founded the kingdom, made Jerusalem its capital, and
subdued all the surrounding countries. He was "a man after God's
own heart," — a faithful follower of Jehovah the God of Israel,
though not perfect as a man.

IV. Elijah, the prophet of Jehovah, who faced Ahab, the wicked
king of Israel, and turned back the people from following Baal.

V. Nehemiah, the governor of Jerusalem in the days of Arta-
xerxes, king of Persia. He rebuilt the ruined walls of Jerusalem
and laid the foundations of the later Jewish state, rescuing the
city both from its enemies on the outside and from the sins and
mistakes of its inhabitants within. He, too, was a faithful and
devoted follower of God.

1 What stories are found in the Old Testament?

2 Why are the five men of this lesson especially worth remembering?

3 What is Abraham called ?

4 What did he do ? when ? how ?

5 What was Moses?

6 From what did he deliver Israel?

7 How did he lead and teach them?

8 What was David?

9 What four things did he do for Israel ?

10 Describe his character.

11 What did Elijah do?

12 What did Nehemiah do?

13 Who were the five Old Testament leaders?

LESSON IV

Divisions of the Old Testament

In the Junior Department the pupils learn the names of the books
of the Bible, and how they are divided. It is necessary for us to go
over the same ground again, because we have learned so much
more about the Bible, and because we are now ready to look more
deeply . into the meaning of each book. We shall need to make a
few changes in the grouping of books, in order to bring together
those that properly belong together.

Write from memory the names of the thirty-nine books of the
Old Testament, and then learn



14 INTERMEDIATE GRADE LESSONS

IV. SEVEN DIVISIONS OF THE OLD TESTAMENT

I. Five books of the law, which are sometimes called the Penta-
teuch, or the five books of Moses.

II. Three books of early history, telling of Israel before the
days of the kingdom.

III. Three double books of middle history, telling of Israel
and Judah during the days of the kingdom.

IV. Three books of late history, telling of the Jews after the
days of the kingdom.

V. Six books of poetry and wisdom.

VI. Four long books of prophecy, containing sermons of the
prophets or stories of their work.

VII. Twelve short books of prophecy.

1 Why do we need to study about the books of the Bible again?

2 Write the names of the first seventeen books, in four columns,
the first column having five names, the second three, the third six, and
the fourth three.

3 Put a heading to each of these columns, telling what this set of
books is.

4 Put a description below each column, telling something else about
the set of books.

5 Write the next five names.

6 Find, among the Major Prophets, Isaiah to Daniel, one book
with a title that is not the name of a man, and put it with the books
of poetry and wisdom.

7 Now make up your last three columns, and put headings and de-
scriptions to them as you did before.

8 Give the seven divisions of the Old Testament.

LESSON V

The Pentateuch

Studying separately the five books of Moses, we may learn cer-
tain things about

V. FIVE BOOKS OF THE LAW

I. Genesis, the book of beginnings. The first eleven chapters tell
about the beginning of the world. The other thirty-nine chapters



THE OLD TESTAMENT ^5



tell about the beginning of the Israelites. Principal character, Abra-
ham, the friend of God.

II. Exodus, the book of the going out. The first twenty-four
chapters tell how the Israelites went out from Egypt to Mount
Sinai. The last sixteen chapters tell how they made the tabernacle.
Principal character, Moses, the deliverer.

III. I/eviticus, the laws of the priests and Levites. It tells how
the priests were to help the people to worship God. Principal char-
acter, Aaron, the high priest.

IV. Numbers, the wilderness book. It tells about the life of the
Israelites in the wilderness during their journey between Mount
Sinai and Canaan. Principal character, Caleb, the faithful spy.

V. Deuteronomy, the book of the Second Law. It gives what
Moses said to the people just before they entered the land of Canaan.
Principal character, Moses, the lawgiver.

Find, in your Bible, the first words of each book, number of chap-
ters, and a verse about the principal character. In Deuteronomy,
pick out a passage of five or six verses that shows Moses as a great
orator.

1 What is Genesis ?

2 How is the book divided?

3 Who is the principal character?

4 What is Exodus? how divided? Principal character?

5 What is Leviticus? Of what does it tell? Principal character?

6 What is Numbers? Of what does it tell? Principal character?

7 What is Deuteronomy? What does it give? Principal character?

LESSON VI

The Books of History

The twelve books of history which follow the books of the law
are divided, as we have learned, into three books of early history,
three double books of middle histor3% and three books of late his-
tory. We must therefore learn

VI. THREE BOOKS OF EARLY HISTORY

I. Joshua, the book of the conquest of Canaan. It tells how the



l6 INTERMEDIATE GRADE LESSONS

Israelites entered Canaan and conquered its inhabitants. Principal
character, Joshua, the general.

II. Judg-es, the book of war stories. It tells how the Israelites
were governed by judges before they had a king. Principal char-
acter, Gideon, the deliverer.

III. Buth, the story of peace. It tells about Ruth, the ancestress
of David. Principal character, Ruth, the faithful daughter-in-law.

1 What is Joshua?

2 Of what does it tell ?

3 Principal character?

4 What is Judges?

5 Of what does it tell?

6 Principal character?

7 What is Ruth?

8 Of whom does it tell ?

9 Principal character?

10 Which of these three books do you like best? why?

Mid-quarter Review. — Take the occasion of this short lesson to
review the lessons learned so far, and to bring up your notebook work if
it is incomplete.



LESSON VII
The Books of History, continued

The books of early history prepare us for the long story of the
kingdom, — first the kingdom of all Israel and then the separate
kingdoms of Israel and Judah. We must now learn

VII. THREE DOUBLE BOOKS OF MIDDLE HISTORY

I. Samuel, the starting of the kingdom.

First Samuel, chapters i to 12, tells about Samuel, the last judge.
The other nineteen chapters of First Samuel tell about Saul, the
first king. Second Samuel tells about King David. Principal char-
acters, these three men.

II. Kings, the course of the kingdom.

First Kings, first half, tells about King Solomon; and he is the
principal character. First Kings, second half, tells about the king-



THE OLD TESTAMENT I7



doms of Judah and Israel; principal character, Elijah. Second
Kings, first seventeen chapters, tells about Judah and Israel until
the fall of Samaria ; principal character, Elisha. Second Kings,
last eight chapters, tells about the kingdom of Judah until the fall
of Jerusalem ; principal character, Josiah.

III. Chronicles, the review of the kingdom.

First Chronicles reviews the history until the death of King David ;
principal character, David. Second Chronicles reviews the history
from the reign of King Solomon until the fall of Jerusalem; prin-
cipal character, Hezekiah.

1 What do the two books of Samuel give?

2 How is First Samuel divided?

3 Of what does the first part tell? the second part?

4 Of whom does Second Samuel tell ?

5 Name the three principal characters of these books.

6 What do the books of Kings give?

7 How is First Kings divided? Principal character of the first half?
How many chapters in it ?

8 Of what does the second half of First Kings tell? Principal
character?

9 Into what two parts is Second Kings divided?

10 Of what does the first part tell? Principal character?

11 Of what does the second part tell? Principal character?

12 What do the books of Chronicles give?

13 What does First Chronicles review? Principal character?

14 What does Second Chronicles review? Principal character?
(Some of these questions may be postponed until next lesson.)



LESSON VIII

The Books of History, concluded

The middle history of the Hebrews, or the history of the king-
dom, ends with the fall of Jerusalem, 587 b. c, and the final car-
rying away of the Jews by Nebuchadnezzar to Babylon. After the
books which tell of the kingdom we have

VIII. THREE BOOKS OF LATE HISTORY

I. Ezra, the book of the return. It tells how some of the Jews



l8 INTERMEDIATE GRADE LESSONS



returned from the captivit}^, rebuilt the temple in Jerusalem, and
renewed the law. Principal character, Ezra, the scribe.

II. Nehemiah, the book of the revival. It tells how Nehemiah
rebuilt the walls of Jerusalem and reformed the people. Principal
character, Nehemiah, the governor.

III. Esther, the book of God's providence. It tells about the Jews
who did not return from the captivity, and how Esther saved them
from destruction. Principal character, Esther, the brave queen.

Be sure to find and write those three things about each book.
Review and complete the work of last lesson.

1 With what event does the middle history of the Hebrews end?

2 What is Ezra?

3 Of what does it tell? Principal character?

4 What is Nehemiah?

5 Of what does it tell?

6 Principal character?

7 What is Esther?

8 Of what does it tell?

9 Principal character?

LESSON IX

Poetry and Wisdom

The Bible, especially the Old Testament, contains a great deal of
poetry, some of it very beautiful, and some very instructive. It
does not rhyme like ours, and the lines are not alike in length. In
our Common Version none of it is printed as poetry; but in the
American Revision most of the poetry is printed in lines, and so
is easier to distinguish from prose.

Learn

IX. SIX BOOKS OF POETRY

I. Job, the book about God. It tells what Job and his friends
said about God, and how God answered them.

II, Psalms, the Jewish hymn book. It contains the hymns that
the Jews used to sing in the temple. There are one hundred and
fifty psalms, arranged in five books.



THE OLD TESTAMENT IQ



III. Proverbs, the wisdom book. It contains the wise things that
King Solomon and others used to say.

IV. Ecclesiastes, the book about man. It tells how King Solo-
mon found that it does not make a man happy to be rich.

V. The Song of Solomon, the love book. It tells about a beau-
tiful maiden whom King Solomon loved, and teaches the power of
true love.

VI. Lamentations, the sorrow book. It tells how the Jews felt
after they were carried away captive from Jerusalem. It comes in
at the end of the Book of Jeremiah.

Instead of looking for characters in these books, look for the
most beautiful and helpful passage in each, and write where it is
to be found.

1 How is Bible poetry different from ours?

2 What is Job? Of what does it tell?

3 What is Psalms?

4 What does it contain? how many?

5 What is Proverbs ?

6 What does it contain ?

7 What is Ecclesiastes?

8 Of what does it tell?

9 What is the Song of Solomon?

10 What does it teach?

11 What is Lamentations? Of what does it tell?

12 Where is the book of Lamentations found?



LESSON X

The Prophets

After the books of poetry come the books of prophecy. These
were written by prophets, preachers who revealed to the people
the word of Jehovah. Sometimes the prophets denounced the people
for their sins ; sometimes they preached against foreign nations ;
sometimes they warned the sinners of coming trouble, and urged
them to repent ; and sometimes they spoke words of mercy and
comfort.

There are sixteen books of prophecy, four long and twelve short.



INTERMEDIATE GRADE LESSONS



The long books are sometimes called the Major Prophets, So we
must learn

X. FOUR LONG BOOKS OF PROPHECY

I. Isaiah, the gospel prophet. He rebuked the people's sins and
told of the coming of the Messiah, the Saviour whom God had
promised.

II. Jeremiah, the weeping prophet. He told the Jews that God
would carry them away to Babylon for their sins.

The book of the Lamentations of Jeremiah comes in after his
book of prophecy ; but it belongs among the books of poetry.

III. Ezekiel, the exile prophet. He lived with the Jews in Baby-
lonia, during the captivity, and gave them the word of Jehovah

IV. Daniel, the noble prophet. It tells the wonderful things that
happened to Daniel in Babylon.

Write in your notebook, for each prophet, the first words and
the number of the chapters ; and find a passage giving a sample of
the prophet's teaching.

1 What were the prophets?

2 Name some of the subjects on which the prophets wrote.

3 How many books of prophecy are there?

4 What are the long books sometimes called?

5 Who was Isaiah?

6 Of whom did he tell ?

7 Who was Jeremiah ?

8 What did he predict?

9 What book follows Jeremiah?

10 Who was Ezekiel?

11 What did he do and tell?

12 Who was Daniel?

13 Where did he live and work?



LESSON XI

The Prophets, continued

Besides the four Major Prophets, we have the twelve Minor
Prophets, which originally formed one book. Some of these men



THE OLD TESTAMENT



21



were fully as great as the first four, but their books are shorter.
Let us learn



XI. TWELVE

I. Ho-se'a.
II. Joel.
HI. A'mos.



SHORT BOOKS



OF PROPHECY

IV. 0-ba-di'ah.
V. Jo'nah.
VI. Mi'cah.



Hosea and Amos preached to the people of Israel, the northern
kingdom. Hosea rebukes Israel severely for its idolatry, but tells
of God's forgiving love. Amos rebukes the selfishness and wicked-
ness of Israel, and their worship of Jeroboam's calves. Jonah was
also a prophet of Israel ; but the book of Jonah tells only of his
preaching to the people of Nineveh. He was the first foreign mis-
sionary.

The other nine were prophets of Judah. Scholars are not agreed
as to the time when Joel wrote. He predicted the coming of the
Holy Spirit on God's people. Obadiah's short message is all about
the people of Edom, south of the Dead Sea. Micah predicted that
the Messiah should come forth from Bethlehem.



the books of the twelve Minor Prophets originally



minor



I How were
arranged ?

2. In what respect are they
Name the first six.

Which three were prophets of Israel?
For what does Hosea rebuke Israel?
Of what does he tell ?
What things does Amos rebuke?

8 Of what does the book of Jonah tell?

9 What is uncertain about Joel ?

10 What did he predict?

11 Of whom did Obadiah write?

12 What did Micah predict?



LESSON XII

The Prophets, concluded
VII. Na'hum. X. Hag'ga-i.

VIIL Ha-bak'kuk. XL Zech-a-ri'ah.

IX. Zeph-a-ni'ah. XII. Mal'a-chi.



22 INTERAIEDIATE GRADE LESSONS

Of these six prophets, the first three prophesied in Judah before
the captivity. Nahum comforted the people of Judah by predicting
the downfall of Nineveh, the great city of their enemy, the Assyr-


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Online LibraryE. Morris (Edmund Morris) FergussonIntermediate grade lessons for the Sunday school : first year → online text (page 1 of 4)