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E. Morris (Edmund Morris) Fergusson.

Intermediate grade lessons for the Sunday school : first year online

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ians. Habakkuk was probably one of the temple singers ; he fore-
told the coming of the Chaldseans. who were to take and destroy
Jerusalem. Zephaniah was the great-great-grandson of King Heze-
kiah. He preached about God's judgment on the wicked.

The last three prophets came after the captivity. Haggai and
Zechariah preached to the Jews in Jerusalem after the return, and
urged them to rise and rebuild the temple. Malachi rebuked the
Jews for their careless worship, and foretold that Elijah the prophet
would come again to prepare the way of the Lord. He wrote some-
where between 450 and 400 b. c.

1 Name the last six of the Minor Prophets.

2 Where and when did the first three prophesy?

3 How did Nahum comfort Judah?

4 Who, probably, was Habakkuk?

5 What did he foretell ?

6 Who was Zephaniah ?

7 About what did he preach ?

8 When did the last three prophets come?

9 To whom and when did Haggai and Zechariah preach?

10 What did they say?

1 1 What did Malachi say ?

12 About when did he write?



LESSON XIII
Review

Go over the lessons again, complete your notebook, and endeavor
to fix in your memory the points learned in each lesson. This re-
view chart will help : —

I. Twelve features of the ancient world: —
Four seas, C. S., P. G., R. S., M. S.
Four rivers. T.. E., N., J.
Four countries, C. or B., A., E., C.

n. Four ancient empireS; E., A., C. or B., P.



THE OLD TESTAMENT 23

III. Five Old Testament leaders, A., M., D., E., N.

IV. Seven divisions of the Old Testament, 5 B. L., 3 B. E. H.,
3 D. B. M. H., 3 B. L. H., 6 B. P. W., 4 L. B. P., 12 S. B. P.

V. Five books of L., G. B. B., E. B. G. O., L. L. P. L., N. W. B.,
D. B. S. L.

VI. Three books of E. H., J. B. C. C, J. B. W. S., R. S. P.

VII. Three double books of M. H., S. S. K., K. C. K., C. R. K.

VIII. Three books of L. H., E. B. Ret., N. B. Rev., E. B. G. P.

IX. Six books of P., J. B. A. G., Ps. J. H. B., Pr. W. B., E. B.
A. M., S. S. L. B., L. S. B.

X. Four long books of prophecy, I. G. P., J. W. P., E. E. P.,
D. N. P.

XL Twelve short books of prophecy : —

Hos., Obad., Nah., Zech.,

Joel, Jon., Hab., Hag.,

Am., Mic, Zeph., Mai.

Remember to find and write down a passage from each prophet
giving a fair sample of his teaching. If the passage is longer than
one verse, write the first sentence only. In each case write the
reference, the place where found.



PART II

OLD TESTAMENT HISTORY: FROM THE

CREATION TO THE CLOSE OF

DAVID'S REIGN



Wlh (H^stamntt l^istnru, Qlr^attnn tn iamb



LESSON I

The Beginnings of History-
All that the Bible tells us about the beginnings of history is con-
tained in the first eleven chapters of Genesis. These chapters form
an introduction to the history of the Hebrews, God's chosen people.
The Hebrews belonged to the Semitic family of nations; that is, they
were among the descendants of Shem or Sem, the son of Noah.
Far to the eastward of Palestine, in the rich, hot plains through

which flows the river Eu-
phrates, lived the Babylonians,
an ancient people, who built
great cities and wrote their
history on clay bricks in
strange, wedge-shaped let-
ters. North of these Baby-
lonians, on the other great
river, the Tigris, lived the As-
syrians, also a great and an-
cient people. It was some-
where in the country watered




MAP 2. THE LAND WHERE HISTORY BEGAN



by these two rivers that Bible history began.
Learn

I. FOUR EARLY EVENTS



I. The Creation of the world by God's power, in successive stages
represented by days.

H. The Fall of man into sin, and the banishment of Adam and
Eve from the Garden of Eden,

27



28



INTERMEDIATE GRADE LESSONS



HI. The Deluge of waters that destroyed all but the family of
Noah, saved in the ark.

IV. The Dispersion of the different races of men from the Plain
of Shinar, or Babylonia, after the Deluge.



Map Key.-
Canaan; GS,
Desert.



I, Babylonia; 2, Assyria; 3, Padan-aram; 4, Syria or Aram; 5,
Great Sea or Mediterranean; PG, Persian Gulf; AD, Arabian



1 Where in the Bible do we learn of the beginnings of history?

2 What do these chapters introduce ?

3 From whom were the Hebrews descended ?

4 Where did the Babylonians live?

5 The Assyrians?

6 What two bodies of water are named on the map?

7 Find two "seas" and a river connecting them.

8 Where did Bible history begin?

9 Name the four early events.



LESSON II

Abraham, the Friend of God



Not far from where was once the mouth of the great river Eu-
phrates lay an ancient city of the Babylonians, named Ur. In that
city, or near by, lived an old
man named Terah, his son
Abram, and other members
of his family or clan. See
Genesis, ch. 12. God called
Abram to leave Ur, take his
father and all the family, and
travel far up the great river
to a country called Padan-
aram. There he settled in a
city named Haran, and there
Terah died. By and by, God
called Abram to move again; so taking his wife Sarai, his nephew
Lot, and a large company of servants and followers, and leaving
behind his brother Nahor and his family, Abram journeyed south-




MAP 3. Abraham's wandering



OLD TESTAMENT HISTORY, CREATION TO DAVID 2g

west and came to the land of Canaan. God promised this land to
him and to his descendants ; and so it is sometimes called "the Prom-
ised Land."

Learn
II. SEVEN EVENTS IN THE LIFE OF ABRAHAM

L Migrates from XJr, journeying as already described.

IL Wanders in Canaan. Being shepherds and herdsmen, and the
land being dry, Abram and his company had to move from place to
place to find pasture.

IIL Separates from Lot, who took the fertile plain of the Jordan,
while Abram chose the rocky center of the land, the "hill country."

IV. Receives the promise of a son, through whom he shall have
a great multitude of descendants. At this time God changes his name
to Abraham, and his wife's to Sarah.

V. Sends out Ishmael, the son of Hagar, who goes to the Arabian
Desert and becomes the father of the wandering Arabs or Bedouin
people.

VL Obeys God by preparing to offer Isaac, his own son, upon an
altar. God saved Isaac and provided another offering.

VII. Finds a wife for Isaac at Haran— his cousin Rebekah, the
granddaughter of Nahor and sister of Laban. Read the beautiful
story, Genesis, ch. 24.

Map Key.— I, Ur; 2, Babylon; 3, Haran; 4, Nineveh; 5, Beer-sheba.

Notebook Work. — For each of these lessons, try to write out the
substance in the form of a brief narrative, following your list of things
learned. Watch the Sunday-school lesson papers, magazines, etc., for
pictures that can be clipped and pasted in to illustrate the story.

1 Find the five cities on the map.

2 What persons lived in Ur?

3 To what city, in what land, did they go?

4 Who died there?

5 Whom did Abram take with him from Haran?

6 To what land did he come? Locate it.



30



INTERMEDIATE GRADE LESSONS



7 Why is Canaan called "the Promised Land" ?

8 Why is Abram generally called Abraham ?

9 What are the seven events in the life of Abraham?



LESSON III
The Family of Jacob



Isaac, the son and heir of Abraham, was a peaceful shepherd,
dwelling principally at Be'er-she'ba, on the southern border of
Canaan. His twin sons were Jacob and
Esau. Esau had the birthright, but
Jacob, "the supplanter,'' bought it from
him for a mess of pottage, and by a
trick secured his aged father's blessing,
too. Forced to flee from his brother's
anger, he stopped on his way north at
Bethel, where he had a vision, and then
went on to the old home of his mother
Rebekah at Haran. Here he lived for
many years with his uncle Laban, mar-
ried Laban's two daughters. Leah and
Rachel, and had twelve sons. Return-
ing to Canaan, he made peace with
Esau, bought a field at Shechem. and
continued to wander with his flocks and
herds, as Abraham and Isaac had done.

Of Jacob's twelve sons, the favorite was Joseph, son of his be-
loved wife Rachel. This favoritism made trouble, which ended in
the brothers selling Joseph into Egypt as a slave. Did you ever
read the story of Joseph, for yourself? It begins at Genesis, chap-
ter Z7-




MAP 4. CANAAN



Learn



III. TWELVE SONS OF JACOB



I. Reu'ben,
II. Sim'e-on,

III. Le'vi,

IV. Ju'dah,



V. Dan,
VI. Naph'ta-li,
VTL Gad,
VKL Ash'er,



IX. Is'sa-char,
X. Zeb'u-lun,
XL Jo'seph,
XII. Ben'ja-min.



OLD TESTAMENT HISTORY, CREATION TO DAVID 3I

Map Key.— I, Damascus, the home of Eliezer, Abraham's servant; 2,
Shechem, where Abraham built an ahar; 3, Beer-sheba, where Isaac dwelt for
many years; 4, Hebron, where Abraham dwelt and where Sarah was buried;
S, Bethel; 6, Dothan, where the brothers sold Joseph.

1 Where did Isaac and Rebekah live?

2 Who were their two sons?

3 Why did Jacob have to flee from home?

4 Whom did he bring with him on his return?

5 Who was Jacob's favorite son ?

6 What happened to him ?

7 Find the six places on the map.

8 Repeat the names of Jacob's twelve sons.



LESSON IV

Israel in Egypt

Did 3'ou read that story of Joseph? If not, do it now.

When Jacob was converted to God's will God gave him a new
name, Is'ra-el, which means "a prince with God," So his descend-
ants are often called the children of Israel. We must now follow the
steps by which Jacob's family became a nation.

Learn
IV. FIVE STEPS IN THE MAKING OF ISRAEL

I. The Rise of Joseph. The boy who was sold as a slave rose,
by God's help, to be ruler of all Egypt and manager of its vast
stores of grain. So, when there was famine in Canaan, it was to
their own brother that the sons of Jacob came, seeking food.

II. The Settlement in Egypt. Joseph finally made himself
known to his brethren, and invited them to come with their fam-
ilies and servants and flocks, and with old Jacob, and settle in
Egypt. This they did, settling in the fertile land of Goshen, in
the delta or flat country among the mouths of the river Nile.

III. The Multiplying. Here they multiplied and grew, until in
a few hundred years — the exact time is uncertain — they had become
a great multitude.



32 INTERMEDIATE GRADE LESSONS

IV. The Bondage. A new king arose; that is, a new line or
d\nasty of the Pharaohs or kings of Egypt. This king, probably
Ramses II., oppressed Israel, made the people toil as slaves, and
tried to weaken them by ordering all male infants to be killed.

V. The Deliverance from this cruel bondage, long delayed, came
at length through the work of Moses, God's appointed leader of
the new nation.

1 Who received the name of Israel?

2 What are his descendants sometimes called?

3 Name the sons of Jacob's family.

4 What did Joseph rise to be ?

5 Why did the brothers come to Egypt?

6 Where did the family settle ?

7 What did the family come to be ?

8 What change brought trouble on them?

9 What did Pharaoh do to them ?

10 Whom did God appoint to deliver them?

11 What were the five steps in the making of Israel?



LESSON V

Moses

The bondage of Israel kept growing worse and worse; but God
had not forgotten his people. Moses was born, and God was getting
him ready. Forty years he spent in Egypt; forty more in the land
of Midian; and forty more in his great work of leading and teach-
ing the people.

In studying his life let us picture and learn

V. EIGHT SCENES IN" THE LIFE OF MOSES

T. Baby. His mother, Joch'e-bed, has just placed him in the
river, in a little ark or boat of bulrushes. Pharaoh's daughter finds
him, adopts him, and sends his sister Mir'i-am to fetch his own
mother to be his nurse.



OLD TESTAMENT HISTORY, CREATION TO DAVID 33

II. Scholar. As the son of Pharaoh's daughter, we see the young
man studying all the wisdom of the Eg3'ptians with the learned
priests in their temple.

III. Exile. At forty years of age Moses joined his people, tried
to help them, and was forced to flee. We see him now, tending
the flocks of Je'thro, his father-in-law, in the wilderness.

IV. Commissioner. Seeing a burning bush, Moses drew near and
heard God's voice. God now commissioned or appointed him to
go back, find Aa'ron his brother, and deliver Israel from the hands
of Pharaoh.

V. Spokesman. We see him now before Pharaoh's throne, say-
ing, "Thus saith Jehovah . . . Let my people go. that they may
serve me." It took ten plagues to make Pharaoh willing to do this.

VI. Leader. At the Red Sea we see Moses stretching forth his
rod as God commanded, and leading the people out of Eg3^pt, through
the sea on dry land, to the wilderness and freedom.

VII. Lawgiver. At Mount Sinai we see him giving the people
the Ten Commandments, and other laws of God.

VIII. Prophet. After the long wanderings in the wilderness we
see the aged Moses with the people gathered round him, as he tells
them again God's law, and how they must observe it in their new
country. Then God brought him to the top of Pisgah, showed him
the land, and took him home.

1 Why were the children of Israel in Egypt tempted to think that
God had forgotten them ?

2 What were the three divisions of the life of Moses?

3 Who was his mother? his sister? his brother?

4 Who adopted him and educated him ?

5 Why did he have to leave Egypt?

6 How did he become God's commissioner?

7 How did God. through Moses, make Pharaoh willing for the Israel-
ites to go ?

8 By what wonderful deliverance did they leave Egypt?
I) Where did Moses see the Promised Land?

10 Name the eight scenes in the life of Moses,



34



INTERMEDIATE GRADE LESSONS



LESSON VI
Israel in the Wilderness

The ten plagues which Moses, at God's direction, called down upon
Pharaoh ended with the death of each firstborn Egyptian child.
This was so terrible that Pharaoh started to drive the Israelites out,
instead of holding them in. But he soon repented, ordered out his
army, and chased Israel into a trap, as he thought, with the moun-
tains behind and to the left of them, his army in front, and the
Red Sea — the upper end of the Gulf of Suez — on their right hand.
From this peril God saved them by a great deliverance. This going
out of Israel from Egj^pt is called "the Exodus."

Learn



VI. FIVE MARCHES IN THE WILDERNESS

I. From Ram'e-aes to the Red Sea. On the night of the pass-
over, Ex. 12 : 29-42, the people gathered and started for Rameses,
continuing their journey until stopped b}^ the Red Sea.

II. From the Red Sea to Mount Si'nai. After the crossing
they journeyed down the coast

of the Sinai Peninsula, and
camped in front of "the mount
of God."

III. From Sinai to Ka-
desh-bar'ne-a. After about
a year at Sinai, they marched
through the Wilderness of
Pa'ran to the oasis of Ka-
desh, and there sent spies up
into the land of Ca'naan.

IV. From Ka'desh around
to Kadesh. Turned back for their sins, they lived a desert life for
thirty-eight years, and then began to move

V. From Kadesh to Mo'ab. After a long and hard journey,
they reached the plains of Moab, near the lower end of the river
Jordan.




MAP 5. EGYPT AND SINAI



OLD TESTAMENT HISTORY, CREATION TO DAVID 35



Map Key. — i, Rameses, in the land of Goshen; 2, the place where the Red
Sea was crossed; 3, Mount Sinai; 4, Kadesh-barnea; 5, the plains of Moab.
For the dotted line between the two gulfs, see Map Key to Lesson XII.

1 What was the tenth plague?

2 Into what trap did Pharaoh chase Israel ?

3 How were the people saved?

4 Who led them?

5 From what point was the first start made?

6 Along what shore was the second march ?

7 How long did they stay at Sinai ?

8 To what point did they march then ?

9 What did they do for thirty-eight years ?

10 Describe the last journey.

1 1 What were the five marches in the wilderness ?



LESSON VII

The Settlement in Canaan

After forty years of marching and camping, Israel was at last in
sight of the Promised Land. It lay just across the Jordan, with
the walls of Jericho in the distance ; and beyond were the high hills
of central Palestine. Israel was encamped on the plains of Moab,
and evidently stayed there for some time before crossing the river.
While there Moses, having given the people his last words, died,
and was succeeded by Joshua, the new leader.

Learn

VII. SEVEN STEPS IN THE CONQUEST OF CANAAN

I. The east- Jordan campaign. This began before Moses died;
in fact, as soon as Israel reached the land of Moab. North of Moab.
guarding the fine table-land of Gilead, was Heshbon, the city of
Sihon, king of the Amorites. North of Sihon's kingdom, beyond
the river Jabbok, lay the kingdom of Og, king of Bashan. All
this country was conquered and subdued. Num. 21:21 to 22:1.

II. The encampment at Gilgal, near Jericho. Crossing the
river by a miracle, the host of Israel established itself in a forti-
fied camp in the Jordan Valley. This camp became Joshua's
headquarters and base of supplies during most of the war. Josh.,
ch. 3; 4: 19; 10:6-9.



36



INTERMEDIATE GRADE LESSONS



III. The conquest of Jericho and Ai, two strong cities.
Jericho at the mouth and Ai at the head of the valley which
led up to the center of the hill country.

When these had been captured by God's
lielp the way into the land was open.
Josh., chs. 6, 8.

IV. The southern campaign. The
king of Jerusalem, the strongest city in
southern Palestine, formed an alliance of
five cities to attack Gibeon, a city which
had made peace with Joshua. Hearing
of this, Joshua marched quickly from
Gilgal up the valley to the divide, or
top of the ridge, and encountered the
enemy at Beth-horon, driving them south-
ward with great slaughter and occupying
the land, one city after another. Josh.,
ch. 10. MAP 6. Joshua's campaigns

V. The northern campaign. In the

same way the country to the north was taken, all except part of
the plain of Esdraelon and the strong cities which guarded it.
These v/ere still held by the Canaanites. Josh., ch. ii; Judg.,
ch. I.

VI. The division of the land, according to God's direction, each
tribe except Levi receiving its portion. Much of the land, how-
ever, remained unsubdued, like the city of Jebus, or Jerusalem,
which was not finally taken till the days of David.

VII. The disbanding of the army. The war over, the soldiers
of the three east- Jordan tribes rejoined their families, and the rest
went to their allotted portions.

Map Key.— M, Moab; G, Gilead; B, Bashan; E, Esdraelon; i, Heshbon; 2,
Gilgal; 3, Jericho; 4, Ai; 5, Beth-horon; 6, Jebus or Jerusalem.




1 What parts of the Promised Land could the Israelites see from
the plains of Moab?

2 Who now became Israel's leader?

3 What two kingdoms were first conquered ?

4 How was the Jordan crossed?

5 What was the importance of Gilgal to Joshua?



OLD TESTAMENT HISTORY, CREATION TO DAVID



Zl



6 Why did he attack Jericho and Ai?

7 Who headed the league of five cities?

8 At what place did Joshua defeat them?

9 How much did Joshua conquer to the north ?

10 After the conquest, what two things remained to be done?

11 Recite the seven steps in the conquest of Canaan.



LESSON VIII

The Tribes in Canaan

Jacob, or Israel, had twelve sons, whose names we have already
learned. These are called the twelve patriarchs. Each of them
had descendants. The land of Canaan was divided into twelve
portions by Joshua ; and for the most part each tribe, the descendants
of one patriarch, had one portion. But there were some changes
and rearrangements, which will confuse us if we do not notice them
carefully.

The tribe of Joseph was divided between his two sons, Ephraim
and Manasseh. Ephraim was a strong and numerous tribe, and
had one of the best portions. Manasseh
had two portions ; his oldest son, Machir,
had one, east of the Jordan ; and the
rest of the tribe lived in a portion north
of Ephraim and south of the mountain
range of Carmel. So there were really
three portions for the descendants of
Joseph, although Manasseh was always
counted as two half-tribes.

The tribe of Simeon was never very
strong. They were given the desert
country south of Judah and within its
boundaries. We hear very little of
them after the settlement; they were
practically lost in the desert, or else
combined with the tribe of Judah.

The tribe of Levi had no regular in-
heritance, but lived in villages and cities of their own throughout the
other tribes. They were the ministers of God's worship ; the Lord
was their portion.




MAP 7. THE TWELVE TRIBES



38 INTERMEDIATE GRADE LESSONS

We must also remember that none of the tribes, when first located,
had the gromid all to itself. There were many other cities and
peoples, especially in the low country — the plains along the coast,
the Jordan Valley, and the great Plain of Esdraelon. But Israel
had the hill country pretty well in hand ; and as the years went on
the tribes extended their conquests, until, at last, David brought the
whole land firmly under his rule.

We are now ready to learn

VIII. TWELVE TRIBAL DIVISIOJxTS

I. Three east of Jordan: Reuben, Gad, and the half-tribe of Ma-
nasseh.

II. Two southern: Judah (including Simeon) and Benjamin.

III. Two central: Ephraim, and the other half of Manasseh. Dan
originally was located at the sea, west of Manasseh, but moved north.

IV. Five northern: Issachar, Asher, Zebulun, Naphtali, Dan.

Map Key.— J, Jerusalem; B, Beer-sheba; D,.Dan, the city to which the tribe
moved; i, Reuben; 2, Gad; 3, Manasseh, east of the Jordan; 4, Judah; 5,
Simeon; 6, Benjamin; 7, Ephraim; 8, Manasseh west of the Jordan; 9, Dan,
as originally assigned; 10, Issachar; 11, Asher; 12, Zebulun; 13, Naphtali. Note
that the land stretched "from Dan to Beer-sheba."

1 Why is there no tribe of Joseph on the map ?

2 Why are there two places for Manasseh?

3 Why do we hear so little of Simeon ?

4 What did the tribe of Levi do?

5 How was the conquest incomplete?

6 Who finished it at last?

7 Locate the tribes east of Jordan.

8 Locate the two southern tribes.

9 Locate the two central tribes.

10 Which were the northern tribes? Locate them.



LESSON IX

The Times of the Judg-es

The history of the twelve tribes in Canaan, until the days of
Eli and Samuel, is given in the Book of Judges. From that we learn



OLD TESTAMENT HISTORY, CREATION TO DAVID



39



that Israel kept forgetting Jehovah their God; that when they forgot
and went after other gods, God punished them through foreign
oppression; and that after every oppression when they repented, he
raised up a dehverer to save them. These dehverers were called
judges. Twelve are named; but we will learn only those associated
with the

IX. SIX OPPRESSIONS UNDER THE JUDGES



I. The Mesopotamian oppression. Mes-o-po-ta'mi-a means "be-
tween the rivers" ; the country north of Abraham's old home, between
the Euphrates and the Tigris. This
oppression was broken by Oth'ni-el.

II. The Moabite oppression. Mo'ab
lay east of the Dead Sea. This was
broken by E'hud.

III. The Canaanite oppression. The
Ca'naan-ites or original inhabitants held
the lower parts of the land, like the
Plain of Esdraelon, and had strong
cities like Jcz're-el and Beth-she'an.
Now they united and oppressed the
northern tribes. Deb'o-rah the prophet-
ess and Ba'rak led against Sis'e-ra the
Canaanite general, and defeated him.

IV. The Midianite oppression. The
Mid'i-an-ites were A'rabs (a as in "at")
from the eastern desert lands. Their

oppression was broken by Gid'e-on.

V. The Ammonite oppression. The Am'mon-ites lived north of
Moab, east of the Jordan. It was Jeph'thah who broke this oppres-
sion.

VI. Last, worst, and longest was the Phi-lis'tine oppression.
The Philistines had five strong cities in the plain southwest of the
hill country of Judah, along the sea. Sam'son worried them, but
did not break their grip, which continued, ofif and on. through the
judgeships of Eli the priest, and Samuel the prophet, and the reign
of Saul the king.




LANDS OF THE WEST



40 INTERMEDIATE GRADE LESSONS

Map Key.— D, Damascus; H, Hamath; i, the Philistines; 2, the Amalekites;
3, Edom; 4, Moab; 5, Ammon; 6, Phoenicia; 7, Zobah; 8, Hamath. There were
also the Canaanites in the Plain of Esdraelon, and Midianites wandering in the
desert to the east and south. Mesopotamia lay beyond the Euphrates; see
Map 2. The kingdoms of Zcbah and Hamath were of uncertain extent; see I
Sam. 14:47; II Sam., ch. 8. The dotted line with a double curve represents
the botindary later established between Israel and Judah.

1 What does the book of Judges tell us?

2 How did God punish Israel?

3 For what sin ?

4 What was a "judge"?

5 Who broke the Mesopotamian oppression?

6 The Moabite oppression ?

7 Where were the Canaanites located ?

8 Who broke their oppression ?


2 4

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