original arrangement of "Dixie," the eyes of the gentlest maiden would
flash as she joined the chorus of the men in gray, who were scarcely
less excited for the moment than they would have been in a headlong
These were moments of glory for Jeff. In fact, on all similar occasions
he had a consciousness of his power; he made the slave forget his
bondage, the poor whites their poverty, maidens the absence of their
fathers, brothers, and lovers, and the soldier the chances against his
At last there came a summer day when other music than that of Jeff's
fiddle resounded through that region. Two armies met and grappled
through the long sultry hours. Every moment death wounds were given and
received, for thick as insects in woods, grove, and thicket, bullets
whizzed on their fatal mission; while from every eminence the
demoniacal shells shrieked in exultation over the havoc they wrought.
Jeff's home was on the edge of the battlefield, and as he trembled in
the darkest corner of the cellar, he thought, "Dis yer beats all de
thunder-gusts I eber heered crack, run togedder in one big hurricane."
With the night came silence, except as it was broken by the groans and
cries of wounded men; and later the contending forces departed, having
accorded to the fallen such poor burial as was given them when life was
cheap and death the chief harvester in Virginia.
For a day or two Jeff's conscience was active, and the memory of the
resolutions inspired by the din of war gave to his thin visage a
preternatural seriousness. Dishes were washed in such brief time and so
thoroughly, and such havoc made in the garden-weeds that the world
might make a note of Jeff's idea of reform (to its advantage). In the
evening his fiddle wailed out psalm-tunes to the entire exclusion of
its former carnal strains.
It must be admitted, however, that Jeff's grace was like the early dew.
On the third evening, "Ole Dan Tucker" slipped in among the hymns, and
these were played in a time scarcely befitting their character. Then
came a bit of news that awakened a wholly different train of thought
and desire. A colored boy, more venturous than himself, was said to
have picked up some "Linkum" money on the battlefield. This information
shed on the wild wooded tract where the war trumpet had raged the most
fiercely a light more golden than that of the moon then at its full;
and Jeff resolved that with the coming night he also would explore a
region which, nevertheless, had nameless terrors for him.
"Ef dere's spooks anywhere dey's dereaway," he muttered over his hoe;
"but den, ki! dey woan 'fere wid dis yer niggah. What hab I'se got ter
do wid de wah and de fighten an de jabbin'? De spooks cyant lay nuffin
ter me eben ef ole marse an' de res' am a-fighten ter keep dere slabes,
as folks say."
Having thus satisfied himself that the manes of the dead thousands
could have no controversy with him, Jeff mustered sufficient resolution
to visit the field that night. He took no one into his confidence,
fearing if he discovered treasures of any kind he could not be left in
undisturbed possession. During the day the rudiments of imagination
which made him a musician had been conjuring up the possible results of
"De ting fer dis cullud pusson ter do is ter p'ramberlate ter de Linkum
lines. Ki! I doan wan' what drap outen OUR sogers' pockets. I kin git
Virginny leaf widouten runnin' 'mong de spooks arter it. De place fer a
big fine is whar de brush is tick and de Linkum men crawl away so dey
woan be tromp on. Who knows but I kin fine a place whar a ginral hide
hisself? Ob cose if he hab a lot of gole he'd stick it in de bush or
kiver it right smart, so dat oders moutn't get it foh he could helf
Jeff thought he had reasoned himself into such a valorous state that he
could walk across the deserted battlefield with nonchalance; but as he
entered on a deeply shadowed dirt-road long since disused to any
extent, he found strange creeping sensations running up and down his
back. The moonlight filtered through the leaves with fantastic effects.
A young silver poplar looked ghastly in the distance; and now and then
a tree out off by a shot looked almost human in its mutilation.
He had not gone very far before he saw what appeared to be the body of
a man lying across the road. With a sudden chill of blood he stopped
and stared at the object. Gradually it resolved itself into a low mound
in the dim light. Approaching cautiously, he discovered with a dull
sense of horror that a soldier had been buried where he had fallen, but
covered so slightly that the tumulus scarcely more than outlined his
"Ob cose I knowed I d hab ter see dese tings foh I started. What I such
a fool fer? De Feds nor de Yanks am' a-gwine ter bodder me if I am'
steppin' on 'em or ober 'em." And he went scrupulously on the other
side of the road.
By and by, however, he came to a part of the wood-lane where men had
fallen by the score, and bodies had been covered in twos, threes, and
dozens. His head felt as if his very wool were straightening itself
out, as he wound here and there and zigzagged in all directions lest he
should step on or over a grave. A breeze stirred the forest as if all
the thousands buried in its shades had heaved a long deep sigh. With
chattering teeth Jeff stopped to listen, then, reassured, continued to
pick his tortuous way. Suddenly there was an ominous rustling in a
thicket just behind. He broke into a headlong flight across and over
everything, when the startled grunt of a hog revealed the prosaic
nature of this spook. Scarcely any other sound could have been more
reassuring. The animal suggested bacon and hominy and hoe-cake,
everything except the ghostly. He berated himself angrily:
"Ki! you niggah! dat ar hog got mo' co'age dan you. He know he hab
nuffin mo' ter do wid de spooks dan you hab. De run ain' far, and when
I gits ober dat de spooks on de side dis way cyant cross arter me;" and
he hastened toward the spot where he supposed the Federals had been
massed the most heavily, crossing an open field and splashing through a
shallow place in the river, that their ghost-ships might be reminded of
On the further slope were the same sad evidences of poor mortality,
graves here and there and often all too shallow, broken muskets, bullet
perforated canteens and torn knapsacks - the debris of a pitched battle.
Many trees and shrubs were so lacerated that their foliage hung limp
and wilting, while boughs with shrivelled leaves strewed the ground.
Nature's wounds indicated that men had fought here and been mutilated
For a time nothing of value rewarded Jeff's search, and he began to
succumb to the grewsome associations of the place. At last he resolved
to examine one more thicket that bordered an old rail-fence, and then
make a long detour rather than go back by the graveyard road over which
he had come. Pushing the bushes aside, he peered among their shadows
for some moments, and then uttered an exclamation of surprise and
terror as he bounded backward. There was no mistake this time; he had
seen the figure of a man with a ray of moonlight filtering through the
leaves on a ghastly bullet-hole in his temple. He sat with his back
against the fence, and had not moved after receiving the shock. At his
feet, dropped evidently from his nerveless hand, lay a metal box. All
had flashed almost instantaneously on Jeff's vision.
For some moments he was in doubt whether to take to his heels homeward
or reconnoitre again. The soldier sat in such a lifelike attitude that
while Jeff knew the man must be dead, taking the box seemed like
robbing the living. Yes, worse than that, for, to the superstitious
negro, the dead soldier appeared to be watching his treasure.
Jeff's cupidity slowly mastered his fears. Cautiously approaching the
figure, he again pushed aside the screening boughs, and with chattering
teeth and trembling limbs, looked upon the silent guardian of the
treasure, half expecting the dead man to raise his head, and warn him
off with a threatening gesture. Since the figure remained motionless,
Jeff made a headlong plunge, clutched the box, then ran half a mile
without thinking to look back.
Not for his life would he cross the battlefield again; so it was late
when by wide circuit he approached the dwelling of his mistress. His
panic had gradually subsided, and as he noted familiar objects, he felt
that he was beyond the proper range of the unjust spirits of the dead.
The soldier he had left sitting against the fence troubled him, it is
true; and he was not quite sure that he was through with one so
palpably robbed. That he had not been followed appeared certain; that
the question of future ownership of the treasure could be settled was a
matter of superstitious belief. There was only one way - he must hide
the box in a secret nook, and if it remained undisturbed for a
reasonable length of time, he might hope for its undisturbed enjoyment.
Accordingly he stole into a dense copse and buried his booty at the
foot of a persimmon-tree, then gained his humble quarter and slept so
late and soundly that he had to be dragged almost without the door the
next morning before he shook off his lethargy.
With the exception of aptitude which enabled Jeff to catch and fix a
tune in his mind with a fair degree of correctness, his mental
processes were slow. Moreover, whether he should ever have any trouble
with "spooks" or not, one thing was true of him, as of many others in
all stations of life, he was haunted by the ghost of a conscience. This
uneasy spirit suggested to him with annoying iteration that his
proceedings the night before had been of very unusual and doubtful
character. When at last fully awake, he sought to appease the accusing
voice by unwonted diligence in all his tasks, until the fat cook, a
devout Baptist, took more than one occasion to say, "You'se in a
promisin' frame, Jeff. Ef I'se ony shoah dat yer hole out long anuff
ter get 'mersed, I'd hab hopes on yer, but, law! yer'll be a-fiddlin'
de debil's tunes 'fo' de week is out. I'se afeared dat dere must be an
awful prov'dence, like a battle or harricane, onst a week, ter keep yer
ser'ous;" and the old woman sniffed down at him with ill-concealed
disdain from her superior spiritual height.
Jeff was as serious as could have been wished all that day, for there
was much on his mind. Perplexing questions tinged with supernatural
terrors tormented him. Passing over those having a moral point, the
most urgent one was, "S'pose dat ar soger miss him box an come arter it
ternight. Ki! If I go ter see, I mout run right on ter de spook. I'se
a-gwine ter gib 'im his chance, an' den take mine." So that evening
Jeff fortified himself and increased the cook's hope by a succession of
psalm-tunes in which there was no lapse toward the "debil's" music.
Next morning, after a long sleep, Jeff's nerves were stronger, and he
began to take a high hand with conscience.
"Dat ar soger has hab his chance," he reasoned. "Ef he want de box he
mus' 'a' com arter it las' night. I'se done bin fa'r wid him, an' now
ter-night, ef dat ar box ain' 'sturbed, I'se a-gwine ter see de
'scription an' heft on it. Toder night I was so 'fuscated dat I
couldn't know nuffin straight."
When all were sleeping, he stole to the persimmon-tree and was elated
to find his treasure where he had slightly buried it. The little box
seemed heavy, and was wholly unlike anything he ever seen before.
"Ob cose it's got money in it," Jeff reasoned. "Nuffin else 'ud be done
up to tight and strong. I'se woan open it jes' yet, feared de missus or
de colored boys 'spec' someting. Ki! I isn't a-gwine ter be tied up,
an' hab dat box whip out in me. I'll tink how I kin hide an' spen' de
money kine of slowcution like." With this he restored the prize to its
shallow excavation and covered it with leaves that no trace of fresh
earth might be visible.
Jeff's deportment now began to evince a new evolution in mental and
moral process. The influence of riches was quite as marked upon him as
upon so many of his white brothers and sisters, proving their essential
kinship. To-day he began to sniff disdainfully at his menial tasks; and
in the evening "Ole Dan Tucker" resounded from his fiddle with a
rollicking abandon over which the cook groaned in despair, "Dat ar
niggah's 'ligion drop off ob 'im like a yaller pig from de bush.
'Ligion dat's skeert inter us hain't no 'count anyhow."
During the next few days it was evident that Jeff was falling from
grace rapidly. Never had he been so slow and careless in his tasks.
More than once the thought crossed his mind that he had better take his
box and "cut stick" for Washington, where he believed that wealth and
his fiddle would give him prominence over his race. For prudential and
other reasons he was in no haste to open the box, preferring rather to
gloat over it and to think how he could spend the money to the greatest
advantage. He had been paying his court to a girl as black as himself
on a neighboring plantation; but he now regarded that affair as
"She ain' good nuff fer me no mo'," he reasoned. "I'se a-gwine ter
shine up ter dat yeller Suky dat's been a-holdin' her head so high ober
ter Marse Perkins's. I'se invited ter play ober dar ter-night, an' I'll
make dat gal open her eye. Ki! she tinks no culled gemmen in dese parts
fit ter hole a cannle when she braid her long straight ha'r, but when
she see de ribbin I kin git her ter tie dat ha'r up wid, an' de
earrings I kin put in her ears, she larf on toder side ob her face.
'Fo' I go I'se a-gwine ter buy dat ar gole ring ob Sam Milkins down at
de tavern. S'pose it does take all I'se been sabin' up, I'se needn't
sabe any mo'. Dat ar box got nuff in it ter keep me like a lawd de rest
ob my life. I'd open it ter-night if I wasn't goin' ter Marse
Jeff carried out his high-handed measures and appeared that evening at
"Marse Perkins's" with a ring of portentous size squeezed on the little
finger of his left hand. It had something of the color of gold, and
that is the best that can be said of it; but it had left its purchaser
penniless. This fact sat lightly on Jeff's mind, however, as he
remembered the box at the foot of the persimmon-tree; and he stalked
into the detached kitchen, where a dusky assemblage were to indulge in
a shuffle, with the air of one who intends that his superiority shall
be recognized at once.
"Law sakes, Jeff!" said Mandy, his hitherto ebon flame, "yer comes in
like a turkey gobbler. Doesn't yer know me?"
"Sartin I know yer, Mandy. You'se a good gal in you'se way, but, law!
you'se had yer spell. A culled gemmen kin change his min' when he sees
dat de 'finity's done gone."
"Look here, Jeff Wobbles, does yer mean ter give me de sack?"
"I mean ter gib yer good-ebenin', Miss Mandy Munson. Yer kyant 'spec' a
gemmen to be degaged in de music an' a gal at de same time," replied
Jeff, with oppressive gravity.
"Mister Johnsing, I'se tank yer fo' yer arm," said Mandy to a man near,
with responsive dignity. "Yer wait on me here, an' yer kin wait on me
home. I'se 'shamed on mysef dat I took up wid a lout dat kin do nuffin
but fiddle; but I was kine ob sorry fer him, he sich a fool."
"Go 'long," remarked Jeff, smiling mysteriously. "Ef yer knowed, yer
'ud be wringin' yer han's wuss dan yer did at de las' 'tracted meetin'.
Ah, Miss Suky, dat you?" and Jeff for the first time doffed his hat.
"Wat's in de win', Jeff, dat yer so scrumptious an' bumptious like dis
ebenin'?" Suky asked a trifle scornfully.
"Wen de 'freshments parse 'roun', I'se 'steem it a oblergation ter me
ef yer'll let me bring yer de cake an' cider. I'se sumpin fer yer.
Gemmen an' ladies, took yer places," he added in a stentorian voice; "I
ax yer' sideration fer bein' late, cose I had 'portant business; now,
"Bow dar, scrape dar;
Doan hang about de doah.
Shine up ter de pretty gals,
An' lead 'em on de floah" -
his fiddle seconding his exhortation with such inciting strains that
soon there was not a foot but was keeping time.
Suky observed that the musician had eyes for her only, and that toward
all others he maintained his depressing superiority. In vain did Mandy
lavish tokens of favor on "Mister Johnsing." Jeff did not lose his
sudden and unexpected indifference; while the great ring glistening on
his finger added to the mystery. There were many whispered surmises;
but gradually the conjecture that he had "foun' a heap ob Linkum money"
was regarded as the best explanation of the marked change in his
Curiosity soon became more potent than Jeff's fiddle, and the
"'freshments" were hurried up. So far from resenting this, Jeff put his
violin under his arm and stalked across the improvised ball-room to
Miss Suky, oblivious of the fact that she had a suitor on either side.
"Gemmen," he remarked with condescension, "dis lady am degaged ter me
durin' de 'freshments period,'" and he held out his arm in such a way
that the massive ring glittered almost under Suky's nose. The magnet
drew. His arm was taken in spite of the protests of the enamored swains.
"Permit me de suggestation," continued Jeff, "dat ter a lady ob yer
'finement, dis place am not fit ter breve in. Wha's mo', I doan 'cline
ter hab dese yer common niggahs a-whisperin' an' a-pintin' an'
a-'jecturin' about us. Lemme yet yer a seat under de lite ob de risin'
moon. De dusk'll obscuate yer loveleness so I'se dar' tell all de news."
Suky, mystified and expectant, but complacent over another conquest,
made no objections to these whispered "suggestations," and was led to a
seat under the shadow of a tree. A chorus of not very flattering
remarks broke out, ceasing as suddenly when Jeff returned for a portion
of the cake and cider.
"Mister Wobbles, yer's prettin' on high de airs ter-night," Suky
remarked, with an interrogation point in her voice.
"Here's ter de health ob Mrs. Wobbles," he answered, lifting the cider
to his lips.
"I'se no 'jections ter dat. Who is she ter be?" replied Suky, very
"It's not my 'tention ter go furder and far' wuss. Dis am a case wha de
presen' company am not 'cepted."
"No, not axcepted jes' yet, Mr. Wobbles, if yer'se 'dressin' yer
remarks ter me. Yer is goin' on jes' a little too far."
"P'raps a little far; but yer'll soon catch up wid me. Yer'se a lady
dat got a min' ob her own, I hope?"
"It's mine yet, anyhow."
"An' yer kin keep as mum as a possum w'en de cawn is in de milk?"
"Ob cose it does. But I'll trus' yer; yer ain' de one ter bite yer own
nose off. Does yer see dat ar ring, Suky? Law! how pretty dat look on
yer degaged finger!"
"'Tain' dar yet."
"Lemme put it dar. Ki! wouldn't dey look an' gape an' pint in dar
yonder w'en yer come a-sailin' in wid dat ring on?"
"Yes; dey tink me a big fool ter be captivated by a ring - brass, too,
"No, Suky, it's gole - yallow gole, di 'plexion ob yer own fair han'.
But, law! dis ain' nuffin ter what I'se 'll git yer. Yer'se shall hab
rings an' dresses an' jules till yer 'stinguish de oder gals like de
sun put out de stars."
"What yer foun', Jeff Wobbles?"
"I'se foun' what'll make yer a lady if yer hab sense. I'se gib yer de
compliment ob s'lecting yer ter shar' my fine if yer'll lemme put dis
ring on yer degaged finger."
"Yer doan say nuffin 'bout lub in dis yer 'rangement," Suky simpered,
sidling up to him.
"Oh, dat kind ob sent'ment 'll do fer common niggahs," Jeff explained
with dignity. "I'se hurd my missus talk 'bout 'liances 'twixt people of
quality. Ki! Suky, I'se in a'sition now ter make a 'liance wid yer. Yer
ain' like dat low gal, Mandy. What Mister Johnsing ebber hab ter gib
her but a lickin' some day? I'se done wid dat common class; I may
fiddle fur 'em now an' den, jes' ter see dem sport deysefs, while I'se
lookin' on kin' ob s'periur like, yer know. But den, dey ain' our kin'
ob folks. Yer'se got qulities dat'll shine like de risin' moon dar."
Then in a whisper he added, "De Linkum sogers is off dar ter the
east'erd. One night's trabel an' dey'd sen' us on ter Washin'on. Onst
yer git dar, an' hab all de jules an' dresses dat I gib yer, dar's not
a culled gemmen dereaway but 'ud bow down ter yer."
Here was a dazzling vista that Suky could not resist. Her ideas of
freedom, like those of Jeff, were not very exalted. At that period,
slave property in the vicinity of the Union lines was fast melting
away; and scarcely a night elapsed but some one was missing, the more
adventurous and intelligent escaping first, and others following as
opportunity and motive pointed the way. The region under consideration
had not yet been occupied by the Federals, and there was still no
slight risk involved in flight. Suky did not realize the magnitude of
the project. She was not the first of her sex to be persuaded by a
cavalier and promised gold to take a leap into the dark.
As a result of Jeff's representations the "'liance" was made there and
then, secrecy promised, and an escape to Washington agreed upon as soon
as circumstances permitted - Suky's mind, I regret to say, dwelling more
on "gemmen bowing down" to her than on the devotion of the allied
No lady of rank in Timbuctoo could have sailed into the kitchen
ball-room with greater state than Suky now after the compact had been
made, Jeff supporting her on his arm with the conscious air of one who
has taken the prize from all competitors. With the assurance of a
potentate he ensconced himself in the orchestra corner and called the
dancers to their feet.
But the spirit of mutiny was present. Eager eyes noted that the ring on
his bow-hand was gone. Then it was seen glistening on Suky's hand as
she ostentatiously fanned herself. The clamor broke out, "Mister
Johnsing," incited by Mandy and the two swains between whom Suky had
been sandwiched, leading the revolt against Jeff's arrogance and
There were many, however, who had no personal wrongs to right, and who
did not relish being made a cat's-paw by the disaffected. These were
bent on the natural progression and conclusion of the dance. In
consequence of the wordy uproar the master of the premises appeared and
cleared them all out, sending his own servants to their quarters.
Jeff nearly came to grief that night, for a party of the malcontents
followed him on his homeward walk. Suspecting their purpose, he dodged
behind some shrubbery, heard their threats to break his head and smash
his fiddle, and then went back to a tryst with Suky.
That sagacious damsel had been meditating on the proposed alliance.
Even in her rather sophisticated mind she had regarded a semblance of
love as essential; but since Jeff had put everything on such superior
grounds, she felt that she should prove herself fit for new and exalted
conditions of life by seeing to it that he made good all his remarkable
promises. She remembered that he had not yet opened the box of money,
and became a little sceptical as to its contents. Somebody might have
watched Jeff, and have carried it off.
True, she had the ring, but that was not the price of her hand. Nothing
less than had been promised would answer now; and when she stole out to
meet Jeff she told him so. Under the witching moonlight he began to
manifest tendencies to sentiment and tenderness. Her response was
prompt: "Go 'long! what dese common niggah ways got ter do wid a
'liance? Yer show me de gole in dat box - dat's de bargain. Den de
'liance hole me fas', an' I'll help yer spen' de money in Washin'on.
We'll hab a weddin' scrumptious as white folks. But, law sakes! Jeff
Wobbles, 't ain' no kin' ob 'liance till I see dat gole an' hab some ob
Jeff had to succumb like many a higher-born suitor before him, with the
added chagrin of remembering that he had first suggested the purely
businesslike aspect of his motive.
"Berry well; meet me here ter-morrer night when I whistle like a
whip-o'-will. But yer ain' so smart as yer tink yer are, Suky. Yer'se
made it cl'ar ter me dat I'se got ter keep de han'lin' ob dat gole or
you'll be a-carryin' dis 'liance business too far! If I gib yer gole, I
expec' yer ter shine up an be 'greeable-like ter me ebbery way yer know
how. Dat's only fa'r, doggoned ef it ain'!" and Jeff spoke in a very
Wily Suky chucked him under the chin, saying: "Show me de color ob de
gole an' de 'liance come out all right." Then she retired, believing