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leon's presence on the battlefield was always



The Personality of the Holy Spirit. 77

counted as equivalent to forty thousand men ;
but the presence and leadership of the Holy
Spirit can be reckoned only in terms of divine
energ-y, and not of human numbers. One with
the Holy Spirit always makes a majority, as
when Athanasius stood against the world!

Perhaps in nothing is the personality of the Theioveoj

. . the spirit.

Holy Spirit more apparent than m his power of
rcproductiveness. He gives life because he is
life, and power because he is power, and love
because he is love, and truth because he is truth.
The Christ he preaches he is ever reproducing
in human lives. He eliminates selfishness, and
so strengthens personality. Personality is not
an evil and a hindrance as Buddha taught ; nor
is progress possible only with the gradual evacu-
ation of consciousness, of desire, and of person-
ality. With Christ comes a full personal con-
scious life through which a man realizes his own
soul and its salvation as he exclaims, "For me
to live is Christ!" As the supreme quality of
the divine personality is love, the human soul
realizes that love shed abroad in the heart by
the Holy Spirit that is given unto it, and knows
itself a son of God. With conscious sonship
comes conscious power of service, largeness of



78 The Personality of the Holy Spirit.

vision, a sense of the Lordship of Christ, a new
realization of the divine resources, a consuming
zeal, an unfaltering faith, a love that never fail-
eth, and then the word of triumph, "I can do
all things through Christ that strengthens me."
The consciousness of power comes with the
anointing of the Spirit, whether for Isaiah or
Jesus, whether for Stephen or Paul : "The Spirit
of the Lord is upon me, for he hath anointed
me to preach." It is this that makes the gospel
to be the power of God unto salvation, both in
them that speak and in those who hear.

An early Christian poet had a vision that all

every century |.J-,g (^[^^^^ of j-J^g g^^th should offcr the Lord,

when he comes to judge, the relics of the mar-
tyrs who slept in them, and not one city in all
the world would fail in the gift. 'The wind
bloweth where it listeth, and thou hearest the
sound thereof, but cannot tell whence it cometh,
and whither it goeth ; so is every one that is
born of the Spirit." The Spirit-born tell of the
Spirit's power, and yet who can reckon the num-
ber of the sons of God, the transformed lives,
the saintly souls who are born and are led of
the Spirit of God? The influences of the Spirit
have been often invisible ; we could not tell



The Personality of the Holy Spirit. 79

whence they came or whither they went next on
their mission of power, but we have with us the
results in holy lives. It was this that so deeply
impressed Professor Seeley when he wrote "Ecce
Homo." "Among all the men of the ancient
heathen world there were scarcely one or two
to whom we might venture to apply the epithet
'holy.' In other words, there were not more
than one or two, if any, who besides being vir-
tuous in their actions were possessed with an
unaffected enthusiasm of goodness, and besides
abstaining from vice regarded even a vicious
thought with horror. Probably no one will
deny that in Christian countries this higher-
toned goodness, which we call holiness, has ex-
isted. Few will maintain that it has been ex-
ceedingly rare. Perhaps the truth is, that there
has scarcely been a town in any Christian coun-
try since the time of Christ where a century
has passed without exhibiting a character of
such elevation that his mere presence has shamed
the bad and made the good better, and has been
felt at times like the presence of God himself.
And if this be so, has Christ failed? or can
Christianity die?" The savage groping after
God calls him the Great Spirit, and worships



8o Tlw Personality of the Holy Spirit.

power. To the Christian he is known as the
Holy Spirit, who alone can make saints.

The great work of the Holy Spirit at Pente-
cost was the enabling the saints for a totally
new energy of testimony to Christ. It was the
flaming tongue that told of the heart of fire.
The rushing mighty wind might have passed
and God not have been in the wind, so far as
any results to the race went. But God was in
the still small voice of glowing testimony to a
risen Lord. The Holy Spirit created not only
a clean heart, but renewed a steadfast spirit
within men. Few there are who if they have
not known God themselves but are acquainted
with some one who has known him. Separated
thus by but one remove from God, they have
seen his presence and power in transformed lives.
"The glory of God is the living man, and the
life of man is the wisdom of God." Whence
came this knowledge of God in Christ? The
Holy Spirit does not testify of himself, but he
takes of the things of Christ and shows them
unto us. His constant theme is his masterpiece,
the perfect hnmanness of Christ^ as the vehicle
of his divinity, and so the'perpetual Incarnation.
Human genius, too, has sought in painting and



The Personality of the Holy Spirit. 8i

sculpture, in epic and song, in oratorio and an-
them, as well as in sermon and book, to give an
adequate portrait of Christ, a human reproduc-
tion of this great masterpiece. Angelo never
touched his hand to his brush until he had steeped
his inmost soul in prayer. The author of the
Paraclete, who now has his open vision, strik-
ingly says : "It would seem indeed as if one or
two Christs liad actually been painted under
the direct inspiration O'f the Holy Spirit, and yet
as if the hand of the painter had failed the In-
spirer himself. And as if the painter too had
reeled just as he was about to add the touch
that would have shown divinity. There is a
better Christ in every broken heart than can be
found amongst the artistic treasures of men, — a
Christ full of sympathy, very pitiful and gra-
cious, stooping with infinite condescension, and
counting no service mean. Who would have only
a portrait of Christ when he can have in his heart
the Son of God himself?" It is this Christ, who
we know not after the flesh but after the spirit,
whom the Holy Spirit alone can reveal; and in
showing us the Son, we see the Father also.

The grace of the Lord Jesus Christ, and the
love of God, and the communion of the Holy

Spirit be with you all.
6



"He shall
leftify of me."



III.

THE HOLY SPIRIT THE AUTHOR OF
SACRED LETTERS.

(S3)



I see that the Bible fits into every fold and crevice
of the human heart. I am a man, and I believe that this
is God's book because it is man's book. — Hallam.

He that taketh away reason to make way for Revela-
tion puts out the light of both. — John Locke.

That is not an act of religion that is not an act of
the understanding; for that is not a religious act that
is not human. They are greatly mistaken who in reli-
gion oppose points of reason and matters of faith : as if
nature went one way and the author of faith another. —
Whichcote.

(84)



III.

THE HOLY SPIRIT THE AUTHOR OF
SACRED LETTERS.

"Gocl who spake unto the fathers in the prophets hath
spoken unto us /;; his Son." — Rcznsed Version.

Perhaps the most notable proof of the per- The most
sonah'tv of the Holy Spirit is his contribution ^ .

^ *■ tribution to

to the literature of the world. He was the the -world's
author of letters, and the earliest of the world's /'^^'"^"'-'^ ^

autohio-

literature. as certainly the most influential, was graphical.
that which came to us from the world's first
and greatest Thinker. His first theme was what
we mig-ht expect — the poem of creation, as he
sings of what none other can more than imagine,
but oi what he was witness. Like much of the
choicest and most permanent literature of the
world, it is autobiographical. As the human
heart is best depicted when the writer dips his
pen in his own blood, so no one knoweth the
things of God, or can reveal them, save the
Spirit of God. God reveals them unto us by
his Spirit: for the Spirit searcheth all things,
yea the deep things of God. Thus while the

(85)



86 The Holy Spirit

Spirit is giving the account of creation, he is
also reveaHng- the Creator. It is the story of
Reason giving orderly form and sequence to
events, of Spirit ruling over matter, of God cre-
ating alike the home and the soul of man, and
bestowing upon man the gift of reason, whereby
God and man together were hencefortli to take
the raw material of a world and shape it into
its present habitable conditions, with drained
swamps, and navigable rivers, and felled forests,
driving away the wild beasts to yet more re-
mote hiding places, while man should tame and
domesticate the rest for his own use. So soon
as man emerges as an ethical being, all interest
centers in him whom God pronounces very
good and with whom his Maker delights to walk
and talk in the cool of the day. His struggles
against evil, his fall from original uprightness,
his hiding from God with whom he had been
on terms of holy intimacy, the loving search
for the lost son as the Father calls, "Adam,
where art thou ?" tell of a God who never ceased
speaking in terms of affection even when he
announces the consequences of sin. The gospel
of creation, of man made in God's image, pre-
cedes the gospel of redemption, the promise that



The Author of Sacred Letters. 87

the seed of the woman should bruise the ser-
pent's head. God's own Son should share in
the conflict and on the side of man. Man need
never lose heart with such assurance of help
toward self-mastery and final triumph. Crea-
tion itself cannot hold the writer from the story
of redemption.

The Bible is the history of the self-manifes-
taticn of God. All its annals, wars, exiles, cap-
tivities, conquests, changing dynasties, are sub-
ordinate to God's discovery and development of
men who were able to know God and to share
with others that knowledge. Whatever the world
may think of an inspired Book, it profoundly
believes in inspired men. Such men have not
only the ear of their own times, but much more
of later times. The fathers may destroy the
prophets while the children will build and adorn
their sepulchers. These inspired men are God's
epistles to be read and known of all men. Their
biographies give a special charm to the sacred
pages of the Bible. Nay, they make the Bible
a supernatural Book, alike by what they become
through their strivings to know and to serve
God, and by the words in which they record
their experiences and the commands and the rev-



88 The Holy Spirit

elation of God. They transcribe what is first
written on their own hearts. They tremble with
the deep emotions which are vital, even until
now, in their writings. Their sobs and prayers,
their sins and repentance, their misgivings and
tears, their growing faith in the supernatural
until it becomes trust in a Person, all appear in
the sacred writings because they first existed in
human lives, selected lives, if you will, that
through them God might reveal himself. For
there is what Canon Liddon called "the inspira-
tion of selection," the special calling out and
development of certain men and nations, that in
them all the nations of the earth should be
blessed. With God there is no respect of per-
sons, save as relates to the general good of all.
His elect are the servants of all.

Heaven doth with us as we with torches do,

Not light them for themselves; for if our virtues

Did not go forth of us, 'twere all alike

As if we had them not. Spirits are not finely touched.

But to fine issues.

'The insfira- It is no great strain on our faith In the super-
tonofseec- ^2ii\ir:}i\ to bc asked to believe that during a pe-

ion."

riod of some sixteen hundred years about thirty-
six men, belonging to a peculiarly religious peo-



The Author of Sacred Letters. 89

pie as compared with their contemporaries, gave
to the world of letters sixty-six books which,
because of a most remarkable unity, are called
one Book, the Book, the Bible. These books
they claim to be their experiences or the expe-
riences of others, the story of the human spirit
in relation to God, the Father of spirits. Some
of the writers claim to have had a message
direct from God, and tell the very language in
which they received it. "The word of the Lord
came unto mc." With some this message awoke
such a sense of responsibility that they speak of
it as "the burden of the Lord." They themselves
were first inspired by a sense of the divine pres-
ence and authority before others bowed before
their words as coming from God. They were
good men — nay, holy men — and were borne
along by the Holy Spirit, whose penmen they
were, to record at once their own experiences
and the truths which burned as fire in their
bones. Sometimes they confess that they were
unwilling messengers who would fain have es-
caped the responsibility of being spokesmen for
God. They record their own humiliation, as
God, having laid hands on them afresh and dis-
ciplined them for such service, sent them to



90



The Holy Spirit



The inspired
man means
the inspired
messafre.



some remote Nineveh with a message that first
burned in their own hearts and set a vast city
on fire. They spoke with such conviction that
God had sent them as that kings were awed by
their words and whole nations were bowed in
sackcloth. Whether they were prophets to oth-
ers or tp us, they were at least to those who
heard them. A Ten might disregard their mes-
sage and yet confess their authority. Success
in influencing to right action was not a neces-
sary credential of such messengers. "And they,
whether they will hear, or whether they will
forbear (for they are a rebellious house), yet
shall know that there hath been a prophet among
them." The good seed are ever the children of
the kingdom, as the Lord himself declared.

In one notable instance, the prophet Jeremiah
was inspired for his heroic work by the assur-
ance that before his birth God had chosen him
to be "a prophet unto the nations." "Behold,
I have put my words in thy mouth : see, I have
this day set thee over the nations and over the
kingdoms, to pluck up and to break down, and
to destroy and to overthrow; to build and to
plant." The spokesman of Jehovah was first
empowered by Jehovah. "Thou therefore gird



The Author of Sacred Letters. 91

up thy loins, and arise, and speak unto them
all that I command thee: be not dismayed at
them, lest I dismay thee before them. For, be-
hold, I have made thee this day a defensed city,
and an iron pillar, and brazen walls against the
whole land, against the kings of Judah, against
the princes thereof, against the priests thereof,
and against the people of the land. And they
shall fight against thee; but they shall not pre-
vail against thee : for I am with thee, saith the
Lord, to deliver thee." Such heroes, men of
moral sinew, the world believes in. If the man
be inspired, why not his message? If God has
put fire in his heart, why not the tongue of
flame upon his brow ? A' Pentecost which trans-
forms timid men into heroes and makes the fal-
tering tongue brave with glowing testimony is
self-evidencing. We believe their words because
of the transformed lives of the men who speak
them. "Ye shall receive power, when the Holy
Spirit is come upon you; and ye shall be my
witnesses, both in Jerusalem, and in all Judea
and Samaria, and unto the uttermost part of the
earth." Peter's words were but his own experi-
ence and the experience of every spokesman of
this sacred Book, even of our Lord who said,



92 The Holy Spirit

"The Spirit of the Lord is upon me, for he hath
anointed me to preach." The message itself
points to the authority on which it is spoken. It
is not inspiration which is proof to us of the
excellence of the message, but the message and
the messenger are the proof of the inspiration.
Attuned spir- jhc Author of Sacred Letters is first of all
thewireUsi ^^ Author of Inspired Men, of that elevation
telegraphy of of Spirit that makcs possible its exalted use as
the candle of the Lord. There can be no in-
spired book without inspired lives. The strings
must be attuned before the divine harmony can
be heard. There must be holy men if there be
a Holy Book. The Bible is largely the story
of the development of these holy men, the pen-
men of the Holy Spirit. We believe more and
more in the Book because we believe in them,
and especially of Him to whom they testify.
The men whose lives are keyed to the super-
natural authenticate their own message, even
though they may understand it not, "searching
what time or what manner of time the Spirit of
Christ which was in them did point unto when
it testified beforehand the sufferings of Christ
and the glories that should follow them." It
is the Spirit of Christ in them that authenticates



The Author of Sacred Letters. 93

the message of holy men in all ages. For though
the notes of that voice may seem far and dim at
times, yet they are ever in harmony, for the tes-
timony of Jesus is the spirit of prophecy. The
testimony of the men whom Christ helped is the
testimony of men like Moses, who rejoiced to
see his day and saw it and were glad. "But
for my daily range among the fields of holy writ,
I might despair," said Tennyson. Inspired lives
still inspire, and will.

The Word of God is the sacred and inspired
record of God's self-manifestation to chosen
leaders, whether before Christ or following
Christ, and above all in Christ and through
Christ. We have boldness to enter into the holy
place by the blood of Jesus, by the way which
he dedicated for us, a new and living way,
through the veil, that is to say, his flesh. Di-
rectness of intercourse with the supernatural by Direct7iess of
means of this new and living way of the Incar- '"''^''c'""-^'

-with the su-

nation marks the Christian religion. The re- pematurai.
ligious faculty in man finds its true environ-
ment in the atmosphere of revelation as the Word
becomes flesh and dwells among us and we be-
hold his glory, the glory as of the only begotten
of the Father, full of grace and truth. But this



94 The Holy Spirit

culminating disclosure through a perfect man
follows countless disclosures through imperfect
men. For God who in sundry times and in di-
vers manners spake in times past unto the fa-
thers in the prophets hath in the last days spoken
unto us in his Son. It is perfectly legitimate
to interpret the words of the prophets by the
help of the words of the Son of God to whom
they testified, for it was the Spirit of Christ in
them that spoke. They sought to show us the
Father no less than did the Son of God, and
God sought to prepare them to speak as he
prepared Christ, who, though he were a Son,
yet learned he obedience by the things which
he suffered. Each life incarnated what was
possible of God for us, but the fullest and only
complete incarnation was possible only to the
one perfect life and in it. But the Captain of
our salvation who should bring many sons unto
glory was himself made perfect through suffer-
ing. Each revelation of God to men is through
some trembling or rejoicing soul. Only those
who have first heard the voice of God can repeat
it to men. But it takes insulated souls to re-
ceive and deliver the divine message. The des-
ert and mountain top, by the river Chebar in



The Author of Sacred Letters. 95

the land of the Chaldeans, or on lonely Patmos,
are often the places where God gives his fullest
self-revelations to those who are able to receive
them. God's guest chambers where he hides
those to whom he will give audiences are not
only his munitions of rocks, but even the prison
houses which are builded by men. Jeremiah's
dungeon in Jerusalem and Paul's Mamertine
prison in Rome were near alike to the ear and
mouth of God. Thus God inspires men who
speak for him.

If chosen souls could never be alone

In deep mid-silence, open-doored to God,

No greatness ever had been dreamed or done.

The astronomer who would turn his powerful
lens upon some distant planet must shut out all
the world beside. If thine eye be single, then
shall thy whole body be full of light. God's
spokesman must be like John the Baptist, him-
self a burning and a shining light, if many are
to rejoice in that light. If there are inspired
men, there will be no difficulty about an inspired
Book. He to whom the Spirit was given with-
out measure is fitly called the Word of God.
Because the Father was able to say, "Thou art
my beloved Son in whom I am well pleased,"



96 The Holy Spirit

he could also say to the lonely watchers on Her-
mon who saw the disappearing forms of Moses
and Elias, and beheld henceforth no man save
Jesus only, "Hear him." God hath in these last
days continued to speak unto us in his Son,
whose inspired life ever interprets his inspired
words. So supreme and final are his words that
Amiel ventures to say, "About Jesus we must be-
lieve no one but himself." When the sun has
risen, the stars fade into his larger light.
Men'sfaitk Mcu's Hviug, workiug faith in God is meas-

tnaGodivho ^^j.g^ i^y their faith in a God who has incarnated

incarnates

himself. himself in good men. It is the living epistle

that is the best credential of the written book.
The charm and glory of the Sacred Literature
are its holy lives: God is ever speaking to us
through them. St. Athanasius described the
Jews as "a sacred school for all the world of
the knowledge of God and of the spiritual life."
The world is better and homes are safer when
a Joseph cries, "How can I do this great wick-
edness and sin against God?" Men and women
are braver when a Daniel so lives that no fault
can be found against him, unless it be his daily
habit of prayer to the God of his fathers. Fear-
less Elijah, who talks so much with God that



The Author of Sacred Letters. 97

he carries the key of heaven at his gpirdle, leaves
seven thousand disciples who have not bowed
the knee to Baal, despite the royal patronage
of idolatrous worship. John the Baptist fears
God too much to fear any one else, and though
beheaded by Herod for his rebuke of his adulter-
ous life, even in his death the king feared him
more than in his life, and supposed that Jesus
himself must surely be John the Baptist who
had been beheaded and who had been raised
from the dead. It is thus that God speaks
through human lives even more than through
human words. The Holy Scriptures are first
of all the records of how God made the holy
men who later wrote as they were moved by
the Holy Spirit. We are ready to accept the
writings of Moses after we have seen the self-
mastery of the man, choosing rather to suffer
affliction with the people of God than to enjoy
the pleasures of sin for a season : accounting
the reproach of Christ greater riches than the
treasures of Egypt; for he looked unto tlie rec-
ompense of the reward. By faith he forsook
Egypt, not fearing the wrath of the king; for
he endured as seeing him who is invisible."
Who would not want to read the story of the
7



98 The Holy Spirit

inner life of a man who, with all the allure-
ments of a life of sense, looked not upon the
things which are seen and temporal, but upon
the things which are unseen and eternal. Says
Bunsen, "History began the night that Moses
led Israel out of Egypt." Men have never
questioned the historical character of Moses,
who did so much toward both making history
and writing it. But he was not more learned
in all the learning of the Egyptians, and thus
fitted on the human side, than he was schooled
in the things of God. The history which he
was gives value to the history that he wrote.
Such a life would make any literature sacred
wherever it was found.
The Hall of The Hall of Fame given in the eleventh chap-
ter of Hebrews forever establishes the Bible as
a sacred book. But just such portraits are found
in every book of the sixty-six, and all these
sixty-six books, like so many pieces of rare mo-
saic, make the matchless portrait of Christ; for
all these saintly men and women endured as see-
ing him who is invisible. They all rejoiced to
see Christ's day, and saw it and were glad. It
was the Christ of their experience who became
the Christ of prophecy and of song.



Fame.



The Author of Sacred Letters. 99

Vainly they tried the deeps to sound
E'en of their own prophetic thought.

When of Christ crucified and crowned
His Spirit in them taught :

But he their aching gaze repressed,
Which sought behind the veil to see,


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