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LIBRARY

OF THK

University of California.



GIF C



Class



^?^




VOL. VIII



SAN FRANCISCO, U. S. A., JANUARY 6, 1910.



No. 1







If ■'






PACIFIC PRESBYTERIAN



^aciiit firesbpterian



Published weefrly- by iSarl 'S'. 'Bingham. Publisher and Manager, at
447 Minna St.. San Francisco. California.
Telephone Douglas 1310.



MANAGING EDITOR Earl S. Bingham



CONTRIBUTING EDITORS
John E Stuchell Miss Julia Fraser W. S. Holt. D.D.



Rev. Mark A. Matthews, D D.



William Hiram Poulkes D.D.



LOS ANGEI.ES OFFICE

Bible Institute. 260-264 South Main St.. Rev. Enos P. Baker,

Representative. Telephone Home 39147.

Subscription price, $2.00 per year in advance. S'J..^O when not paid
In advance Clergymen and missionaries $1.50 In advance.

Make checks payable to the Pacific Presbytt rlan.

Entered as second-class matter January 5. 1909. at the Post Office at

San Francisco Cal.. under the Act of March 3, 1879.



A MEDITATION FOR THE NEW YEAR.



"Ye have not passed this way hitherto."
No; hut He has!

"He Icnows the way He taketh,
And I will walk with Him!"

He has measured every foot o£ the distance, He has con-
sidered every obstacle, He is familiar with every grade and
turn. He knowiji, too, my strength; He has meted it out
and adjusted it to the course He has marked out for me.
Since, then, my best Friend leads on, what have I to fear?
<%' <%' ^

A New Year! Who can predict its possibilities of joy or
sorrow, of gain or loss? Who can tell what its changing
seasons may bring? No one, save He! There may be moun-
tains ahead, craggy and wild, amidst whose fastnesi-es I
must wander, over whose trails I must climb, on whose sum-
mits the transfiguring vision will burst upon me, or in
whose gloomy abysses I must sorrow alone. But so, too,
there may be the quiet vales of which the Psalmist sing.?.
where He shall make me to lie down in green pastures,
and lead me beside the still waters, and permit me to crop
the flowers that bloom in the bosky della There may be
storms ahead, where the howl and shriek of the wind will
terrify my soul, and I shall feel the timbers of the fragile
craft that keeps me from the devouring waves quaking
beneath my feet; but, if so, I have my Pilot aboard, and
He will either guide me over the tumultuous billows, or,
if He deem best, arise and say to the winds and waves, as
He did of yore, "Peace, be still!" My duties may call me
far from home and subject me to the perils of distant coun-
tries and strange tongues; still, amidst the perils of the
way, of the robber and the pestilence, I can sing:

"How are thy servants blest, O Lord,
How sure is their defense!
Eternal wisdom Is their guide;
Their help, Omnipotence.

"Through foreign lauds and realms remote.
Supported by thy care.

They pass through noxious climes unhurt
And breathe in tainted air."
<S' * ^

Either there is no guide on this great, universal sea. or,
as Instinct demands, as scripture asserts, and as experi-



ence confirms, "there's a providence that shapes our ends,"
and every moment of every day and of every year we are
safe in the Everlasting Arms. Nothing ia amiss; no mis-
take is being made. But while the grave Stoic or mate-
rialist must pray, as did Aurelius, "Everything harmonizes
with me which is harmonious to thee, O Universe! Nothing
for me is too early or too late, which is in due time for
thee. Everything is fruit to me which thy seasons bring,

Nature;" the Christian says: "All things work together
for good to them that love the Lord. Whatever the exi-
gency or the ordeal, I am safe. 'Yea, though I walk through
the valley of the shadow of death' — as the way of some
this year may lead — 'I will fear no evil, for Thou art with
me!' " Since, then, God is for us, who, what can be against
us? Since a wiser hand than ours is guiding our lives,
why should we interfere with the worries and apprehen-
sions born of our shortsightedness and little faith? I will
not think of the pains that may never come, but of the
blessings that are sure. I will not weary my brain in set-
tling problems that may never arise, but walk in the light
that is here, and trust more when it is needed. I will
not harbor the mood that depres'ses, but obey the Apostle's
injunction and rejoice in the thoughts that are good and
beautiful and true. Let me think of the fields from which

1 am to cull fragrant flowers, of the valleys where I can
listen to the lullaby of the stream, of the woodland where
I can hear the song of the birds, of the heights where 1
can receive I'oly visions. I will not think of weakness, de-
feat or failure; I can not fail, rfnce my plans are linked
with His! I will think of the strength that shall be mine,
of the health that shall come, of the hope that shall blos-
som, of the victory that shall be won. I will think, not
of what I can not perform or of what is beyond my reach,
but of the opportunities in the simple life about me, of
the sorrows I can lighten, of the burdens I can share, of
the kind words I can utter, of the peace I can enjoy.

^ <%> -^
In riding a bicycle, if one looks anxiously at each stone
and rut in the way, he rides slowly and unhappily, and is
actually dismounted oftener than if he give only a general
glance ahead and push on at a merry gait. Or If he ride
along a new road by night, it is only on returning in the
daylight that he realizes the dangers of the road and
wonders how he could have traversed it with safety. So
in life, to look ahead at troubles is to magnify them, to
give them a disproportionate influence. The obstacle seems
insurmountable, the shadow seem,s. unrelieved by any rays
of light, so we wonder and worry. Far wiser is the one
who travels confidently on, assured that there will be no
danger, or that we will be given strength to overcome it,
or that we may perhaps be unconscious of the peril, like
the quiet sleeper in the Pullman as he threads the danger-
ous defiles of the mountains.

tji <g> ^>

As we look back upon the completed lives of those of
other days, it seems to us easy and natural that they should
have trusted unhesitatingly in the various emergencies of
their career, so needful does each of the stages in the at-
tainment of their character seem to us. And yet for each
of them, too, the questions were of absorbing moment, the
passions shook their souls as they do ours. Should we
not, then, in the final victory that came to them, read the
assurance of our own? Shall we not encounter life's vari-
ous experiences with a calm face and an equable soul? All
fs being overruled for the best: their experience proves



.. jfoit Library



PACIFIC PRESBYTERIAN



(uf



It to us; ours will to others.

Yea, in looking back over our own lives, we see that
all that has befallen us has been In a manner necesfary.
The way has been strange. Blessings upon which we set
our hearts have never come; but even so, we have been
wisely led. We are stronger to-day from the trials we
have undergone, and we are wiser and more helpful, be-
cause, like our blessed Master, we have "suffered in the
flesh." Since this is so with the past, much more will it
be so with the future. Why, then, should I worry, or look
anxiously ahead? No mistake will be made now, how-
ever portentous the cloud or ominous the roar. We shall
all, if we but trust, meet that true success this year and
through life which lies in doing what God expects Uo to
do. This success may mean riches, or fame, or comfort,
or health; so it may mean the reverse of these. What dif-
ference, since He leads? Hence each of us can sing with
Browning:

"If I do stoop
Into a dark tremendous sea of cloud,
It is but for a time: I press God's lamp
Close to my breast; its splendor soon or late
Will pierce the gloom; I shall emerge one day.
I see my way as birds their trackless way.
I shall arrive. What time, what circuit first,
I ask not; but unless God send hiiS' hail,
Or blinding fireballs, sleet or stifling snow.
In some time, his good time, I shall arrive:
He guides me — and the bird. In his good time."
^ ^ if?

We, like the pilgrim® of old, are journeying toward a
city that hath foundations. Afar yonder, through the mist
and smoke and across the waste of years, I discern its
towers — but indistinctly, not knowing which is temple, and
which is palace, and which is hall. But every step brings
us nearer, and some day, at sundown, while the vesper bell
rings sweetly from the campanile, we shall enter it. lay
our luggage down, change our travel-worn raiment, and
take up our abode, citizens of the New Jerusalem.

So It matters little an to the way — be it mountain, or
desert, or sea — since the destination is sure; and since
equally sure is the promise of an ever-guiding Hand.

.1. E. S.



Columbia University led in the registration of students
for 1909, the number being 4,650. Michigan stands next
with 4,631. Then the following is the order: "Pennsyl-
vania, 4,608; Harvard, 4,518; Cornell, 4,514; Illinois,
4,173; Minnesota, 4036; Wisconsin, 3,495; California, 3,-
454; New York, 3,424; Yale, 3,264; Syracuse, 3,138;
Northwestern, 3,129; Nebraska, 3,121; Chicago, 2,804;
Ohio, 2,644; Missouri, 2,226; Iowa, 2,024; Kansas, 1,922;
Texas, 1,795; Stanford, 1,604; Indiana, 1,417; Princeton,
1,398; Tulane, 1.156; Western Reserve, 1,083; Washing-
ton. 1.003; Virginia, 767; Johns Hopkins, 710. Last year
Michigan headed the list. The addition of the summer
sessions' enrollment gives to Columbia 6,132 for 1909;
Harvard, 5,558; Chicago, 5,487; Michigan, 5,259; Cornell,
5,028; Pennsylvania, 4,857; Illinois, 4.502; Minnesota, 4,-
351; Wisconsin, 4,245; California, 4,084. The following
named colleges had these numbers: Wellesley, 1,319;
Dartmouth. 1.197; Vassar, 1,039; Oberlin (college only),
953; In all departments, 1,798; Williams, 528; Amherst,
526; Smith, 1,609; Mount Holyoke, 752.



SOME OF THE WORLD'S HAPPEXtNGS.



January



January
January

January
Jaiiuai"y



In the I'n.'.ted Stj«K>s.

1, 1910 — The Pr?ciJfe7il "^"jiliam H Taft, receives
visitors at the White House and has about 5,000
handshakes. The new building of the Young Men's
Christian Assciation of Stockton is opened to the
public. William J. Gaynor seated as Mayor of
New York.

2 — Charles W. Morse, an ex-banker, begins a
term of confinement in the Federal prison at
Atlanta, Ga.

2 — J. Pierpont Morgan, Thomas F. Ryan and Levi
P. Morton merge their trust interests into a com-
pany representing $150,000,000. D. O. Mills, cap-
italist, dies in Millbrae, Cal.
In Foreign Lands.

1 — Sir John Knill assumes the dignity of Mayor of
London.

4 — Leon de la Grange, French aviator, meets death
at Bordeaux, France, beneath his flying machine.



As usual in Washington, D. C, crowds of men filled the
White House on New Year's day to shake the tired hand
of the President. The custom is a time-honored one, but is
often carried to an exhausting extreme. Mrs. Taft, al-
though not fully recovered from a recent illness, took her
place beside her husband at 11 o'clock, but retired In less
than half an hour, after the Cabinet and the Justices of
the Supreme Court had tendered their compliments. The
reception ended at 4 o'clock, and the President had then
shaken hands with nearly 6000 persons. Respect for au-
thority has scriptural endorsement.

Stockton, California, fittingly celebrated the first day
of the new year by opening to public view its new Y. M. C.
A. building. The board of directors, assisted by about
thirty young men, escorted their visitors through this fine
five-story structure and explained its varied uses. The as-
sociation will no doubt become a strong Christian influence
in the growing Slough City.

William J. Gaynor was formally Installed into the chair
of the chief executive of New York City on New Year's day,
George B. McClellan, the son of General McClellan of Civil
War fame, giving way and making the speech of reception.
Mr. Gaynor was the only Tammanyite elected to the in-
coming administration, and the old Tiger will have to keep
his claws out of the city treasury when public disburse-
ments are made.

With a sentence of fifteen years before him. for viola-
tion of the banking laws of the United States, Charles W.
Morse, ice king and ex-bank president, left New York Jan-
nary 2d for the Federal penitentiary at Atlanta, Ga. Mr.
Morse, as is natural to the class of offenders which he repre-
sents, rebels against the sentence of the court. He has
paid, he says, a fine of $7,000,000 on account of his offense,
and thinks he should go free. Which will remind the reader
of the old couplet, "No rogue e'er felt the halter draw with
good opinion of the law." Will men of great financial
acumen, like Morse, all learn that thorough honesty is the
best policy ?

The largest financial merger, perhaps. In the United
States was that which was effected in New York January
3d. The Guaranty Trust Company, the Morton Trust Com-
pany, and the Fifth Avenue Trust Company, representing a



231540



PACIFIC PRESBYTERIAN



combined capital of 5150,0\)0:,000, united under one head,
entitled tne Guarantj' 'Trttsf Company. Of course this
combination is made for .the 'purpose of larger profits, to
which .othtr -iate'rests. iiavta'tt) 'Contribute, for where there
is an addition of money in one direction there must be a
subtraction in anotler. Certainly our moneyed men can
afford to be generous to the cause of religion and benevo-
lence.

A great financier, in the person of Mr. D. O. Mills,
passed away at the age of 84, in his home in Millbrae, Cal-'
ifornia. on the evening of January 3rd, His estate is esti-
mated to represent about $100,000,000, and he was well
known for his acts of pi ilanthropy as well as for his finan-
cial successes. The great Mills Building in San Francisco is
a monument to his business sagacity. His daughter is the
wife of Whitelaw Reid, American Embassador to Great
Britain, and earlier the successor of Horace Greeley in the
editorship of the New York Tribune.

A Roman Catholic, Sir John Knill, elected to the honor-
able office of Mayor of London, took his badge of author-
ity on New Year's day. The inauguration of a Mayor of Lon-
don is always one of great pomp and ceremony, and the pro-
cession is a popular feature of the great holiday. Sir John
Knill has a good public and political record, and is a
member of the ancient Goldsmiths' Guild.

Man can not yet control the powers of the air. On
January 3d, Leon de la Grange, who had made great pro-
gress in aviation during the past two years, met instant
death at Bordeaux. France, before a great crowd of people
while maneuvering in his great monoplane iu the face of a
strong wind. In attempting to effect a sharp curve, his
machine became broken, and fell to the earth with its
skillful and daring operator beneath the motor. Aviation i.s
increasing the number of its victims, notwithstanding the
progress made. Can science afford these human sacrifices ?



FOKKION MISSION.S FROM A LAYMAN'S VIEWPOINT.



An .Address Delivered IJefore the Ministers' Associalion,
December 20, 1909, by Mr. Robert Dollar.

In addressing you I feel the same as one of you would
were you called on to address a jneeting of merchants on
trade and commerce, so you may know where I stand on
this subject. I say to you that I am unqualifiedly in favor
of Foreign Missions. I have formed this opinion from per-
sonal observations and inquiries while in China. Some
men claim to be in favor of home missions and denounce
foreign missions. As a rule such men's benevolence and
help does not amount to much. My remarks are based on
my own impressions, as seen through the spectacles of a
layman, which no doubt you will see differ from the mis-
sionary's point of view. Immediately after the Bo>3?r
trouble, in a visit to the principal cities of China, I did not
find a person outside of those connected with missions that
had a good word to say for the missionaries. Now this is
all changed, and in a recent trip I did not find a person
that talked against them.

To give you an idea of the antipathy at that time, the
captain of a steamer, without any cause, talked sharply
and meanly to me. He afterwards apologized, saying he
thought myself and wife were missionaries. He was much
tc.ken down when I told him we were away below the



social class of missionaries and that I was only an ordi-
nary shipowner.

Successful missionaries have to use a great deal of
diplomacy and good common sense. Our social ways are
entirely different from those of the Chinese, and their cus-
toms and manners are also different from ours, and It is
so easy to have misunderstandings. A great deal of for-
bearance is required, and they have to put up with a great
deal. I don't think there will be any more serious trouble,
such as the Boxers' uprising. Great and rapid changes are
taking place in this great empire. What the missionaries
have accomplished cannot be measured by the number of
converts, as the seed sown is springing up in the most un-
expected quarters. In business we figure up exactly in
dollars and cents the result of the year's work, but in the
missionary work in China the whole result will never be
known until that great day when all secrets will be re-
vealed.

I was much interested in visiting our missionaries at
Peking. They have a large compound, good houses, a
church and a hospital. Unfortunately the hospital was not
open, as the doctor had to go home with a sick wife. On
account of expense and loss of time in cases of this kind,
we should educate the Chinese to do this work.

At Hanchow the missionaries are doing an excellent
work in educating young men. Many of their graduates
are in responsible positions, both in commerce and in gov-
ernment.

I met a Chinese lady named Mrs. Dr. King in Tientsin,
who is running a large orphanage and a woman's hospital
and teaching medicine to a large class of young ladies,
rich men's daughters. All this expense is paid by the
Chinese Government. This is the only institution of the
kind in China. A Mr. Wong Kwong ehuts up his large
shipyard and engineering works on Sunday and teaches a
class of one hundred young men in the Y. M. C. A. Tong
Kai Son, who was an active worker iu the Y. M. C. A., was
selected by the Government to bring the first lot of young
men to be educated in this country, from the proceeds of
the twelve million dollars returned by this country, the in-
tention being that all this money will be expended in edu-
cating young Chinese. Arrangements have been made with
the Y M. C. A. of Shanghai that when young men are com-
ing to this country to be educated notice will be given.
The Y. M. C. A. here will care for them and see that they
are properly treated.

A step in the right direction has been taken to con-
solidate the different denominations in different localities.
The home people are still considering it, but many desirable
amalgamations have been made. As to the evangelization
of China, I firmly believe it never will be accomplished
with English-speaking men, but must be done with Chinese.
Great numbers are now being educated, and are preparing
to become lay preachers and ministers. In this connection
the Government has decreed that education will be com-
pulsory in three years. Great preparation is being made in
the way of building school houses, etc. It is also expected
to have a constitutional form of government in four yeai-s.
It is hardly possible, however, that such a radical change
as this can be carried out in so short a time.

I claim that Christianity is increasing in nearly the
same ratio as material improvement is going on. Note
some of the changes. There is a telegraph station in every



PACIFIC PRESBYTERIAN



town of any importance. Twelve years ago there was only
ten miles of railroad carrying passengers. New tliere is
BOOO miles. Tlie most remarkable change, however, is in
the postoffices. In 1903 there were 446 postoffices.
handling twenty-two million pieces of mail matter. In
1907 there were 2803 postoffices, handling one hundred
and sixty-seven million pieces.

When these 400.000,000 to 500,000,000 people wake up
there will be something doing, especially if, when that time
comes, they are a Christian nation. In conclusion, I wish
particularly to emphasize the change of attitude in the
policy of the Government of China. Nine years ago they
ordered or allowed the killing of all Christian Chinese or
Europeans. Now see the change. This same Government
employs in places of trust those who are pronounced Chris-
tians, and are glad to employ young men who have been
educated by missionaries. So the good work is going on
by leaps and bounds.



THE JOHN S. KENNEDY WILL.



The College Boiird of the Pi-esbyteriaii Cluircli Larsd.v

Roiieflts by the Great IMiilaiitliroj>y

of a Great Man.



A most remarkable will made the name of ,Iohu S.
Kennedy known to the world last year in larger measure
than his lifetime of Christian service had done. Mr. Ken-
nedy was well known to New York, despite the assertions
of newspaper.;! outside that city; his benevolences during
life had been enough to call the attention of the world,
but they were never ostentatious.

When Mr. and Mrs. Kennedy celebrated their golden
wedding a year ago the Presbyterian Hospital received $1,-
000,000. Eight years before he bad given a building cost-
ing $400,000. For twenty-five years he had been a very
regular visitor at this institution. He had given largely
to the Presbyterian Board of Home and Foreign Missions.
of which he was a member; to Robert College, Constanti-
nople; to Union Seminary; and to many other causes.

He was a most practical student of philanthropy; up
with his time, if not ahead, in the matter of organized
charities. He proposed to build himself the United Chari-
ties Building in the heart of New York; he made possible
by a gift of $250,000 the New York School of Philan-
thropy, a school of profound influence. He gave to the
New York Libraries and to the Metropolitan Museum of
Art, not only much of his money, but much of his thought.
Indeed he is said always to have given himself wherever he
gave his money; before he gave his last great gifts he had
given himself to Christ's service. He gave away in his will
all that the New York law allows a man to will away from
his family.

The College Board of the Presbyterian Church in the
United States of America, with which Albany College is
affiliated. Is a beneficiary under the will to the extent of
$750,000. This amount is, however, only approximate, as
the Board is to receive one sixty-fourth part of the residu-
ary estate and the amount is expected to run to $800,000
or even to $1,000,000. Other gifts Indicated below are



likewise apt to be considerably larger than the minimum
figure which is given.

To Oregon people the following bequests are of Interest:

Each to receive $2,500,000: Columbia University:
Metropolitan Museum of Art; Presbyterian Hospital; New
York Libraries; Board of Home Missions Presbyterian
Church; Board of Foreign MLrsions Presbyterian Church;
Board of Church Erection Presbyterian Church.

Each to receive $1,500,000: New York Presbyterian
Church Extension Committee; United Charities of New
York; Robert College of Constantinople.

Each to receive $750,000: Presbyterian College Board;
the American Bible Society; New York University; the
Charity Organization Society of the City of New York for
its School of Philantropy.

Presbyterian Colleges to benefit directly are: Lafayette
College, Easton, Pa.; Berea College. Berea, Kentucky; El-
mlra College for Women, Elmira, New York — each $50,-
000. Lake Forest College. Lake Forest. Illinois; Central
University, Danville, Kentucky; Syrian Protestant College,
of Beirut, Syria — each $25,000.

His generosity extended, as did his sense of responsi-
bility, to every part of the world. The Presbyterian Church
Is charged with the use of $12,000,000 (twelve million
dollars). The greatest amount ever given to any denomi-
nation by one man, doubtless; surely the greatest gift to
our own church. It doubtless means an Increase of work
and workers In many hundreds of fields. It means that
hundreds of thousands demanded by old work grown be-
yond the money provided for It can be given buildings and
workers and equipment needed for several years past. No
one of the Boards has announced its purpose with its
fund, but we can imagine that it means much advance.

The College Board has made no statement as to its
use of the money entrusted to.lt. Though there are many



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