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UNIVERSITY OF CALIFORNIA SAN DIEGO




3 1822 02610 9413



ATLAS OF
EUROPEAN HISTORY

'•MMMMMMMMMMHOaMMMMaP

EARLE W. D O W




\/ • 1



UNIVERSITY OF CALIFORNIA. SAN DIEGO



3 1822 02610 9413



GtlSEL LIBRARY

UNIVERSITY OF CALIFORNIA, SAN DIEGO

LA JOLLA, CAUFORNIA







W4YN£ S. VUCINiCH



ATLAS



OF



EUROPEAN HISTORY



BY

EARLE W. DOW

JUNIOR PROFESSOR OF HISTORY IN THE
UNIVERSITY OF MICHIGAN




NEW YORK
HENRY HOLT AND COMPANY

1909



Copyright, 1907,



HENRY HOLT AND COMPANY



PREFACE

By planning the following maps, and preparing and indexing their matter, I have
sought to meet the long-felt need of a small atlas of European history which should be
in the English language, which should treat of the dijfferent peoples of Europe impartially,
which should not obscure general views by too many details, and which should have a
serviceable key to its contents. In this modest but laborious undertaking I have
relied mainly upon the larger atlases — most of all the Droysen, the Kiepert, the Spruner.
Menke, the Spruner-Sieglin, from Germany; the Longnon, the Schrader, the Vidal-
Lablache, from France; the Poole, from Great Britain. At the same time, I have gone
on innumerable points to original or special sources of information: documents, maps,
articles, and books — though it would have been profitable to go to such sources yet more
than I have. Mistakes have no doubt been made; but I hope that they are of a kind
to be easily righted and that the lines and locations adopted may prove, with not too mant
exceptions, sufficiently accurate for the didactic purposes in view. Gaps, also, are to be
seen— some only too clearly. These, however, can be filled by inserting supplementary
maps here and there, as they may be especially demanded; and if the atlas is received
favorably, an effort will be made to supply, soon, at least the most needed pieces. I shall be
greatly obliged to all who will tell me of desirable corrections, or suggest further sub-
jects, or indicate where the index should be improved; for with such help the object of
the work cannot but be better attained.

I am glad to express here my gratitude to those who have aided me thus far: especially
Professor A. L. Cross and Professor C. H. Van Tyne, for their counsel upon several of
the plates; also Dr. F. B. Marsh and Messrs. O. F. Boucke, H. W. Clark, R. S. Crane,
G. B. Denton, E. M. Gale, P. V. B. Jones, and A. M. Kline, for their part with the
index — had I applied to these and other friends oftener, my shortcomings were doubtless
fewer. I gladly acknowledge, too, that the work has been carried so far only through the
patient cooperation of those who have constructed and engraved the maps.

E. W. D.



CONTENTS



PLATE

1. The Ancient Eastern Empires

Babylon and Eg>'pt.

The Assyrian Empire.

The Eastern Empires on the Eve of

the Persian Supremacy.
The Persian Empire.

2. The Greek World

Ancient Greece.

Greece in the Time of the Persian Wars.
Greece in the Time of the Pelopon-
nesian War.
2'. Greater Hellas and the Phoenicians in

the 7th to the 5th Century b.c.
2'. Empire of Alexander the Great.

3. Rome in and beyond Italy

Development of the Roman Empire.
3-. Ancient Italy.

4. Europe on the Eve of the Invasions

The Roman Empire in the later Fourth
Century.

5. Invasions of Rome from the North:

the New Germanic States

Peoples and Kingdoms of the West

about 476.
The New Kingdoms at the Death of

Theodoric (526).
The Lombards in Italy.
The Dominions of Clovis divided

among his Sons.
The Prankish Dominions about 629.

€. Invasions from the South and East:
Expansion of Islam

Eastern Roman Empire and Western

Asia on Eve of the Mohammedan

Conquests.
Conquests of the Mohammedans to

the Accession of the Abbassids (750).
6'. Dismemberment of the Caliphate of

Bagdad.

7. The Prankish Empire

Empire of Charles the Great at its
Height.

The Prankish Empire after the Treaty
of Verdun, 843.

The Prankish Empire after 888.

Treaty of Mersen, 870.

Papal Acquisitions in the Eighth Cen-
tury.

8. Europe in the Tenth Century



PLATE

9. The Crusades

Europe in 11 go.

Southeastern Europe and Asia Minor
after the Fourth Crusade
9'. Evu-ope in 1096.
9'. The Prankish States in Syria.

10. Medieval England

England under the Anglo-Saxon King«

doms.
England after the Treaty of Chippen-
ham, or of Wedmore, 878.
England and Wales at the End of
the Thirteenth Century.
10'. Roman Britain,
lo^ Ireland and Scotland in the later
Middle Ages.

Feudal and Capetian France

Peudal France, showing the Principal
Fiefs about 1032.
11^. France in 1 154.
12*. France after the Treaty of Paris, 1259.

France in the Later Middle Ages

France at the Beginning of the Hun-
dred Years' War.

France after the Treaty of Bretigny.

France in 1429.

France at the End of the Fifteenth
Century.

Germany and Italy from the Tenth to
the Thirteenth Century

Germany from the Tenth to the

Twelfth Century.
Italy from the Tenth to the Twelfth

Century.
Norman Conquests in South Italy.
13'. Germany and Italy in the Time of the

Hohenstaufen (i 138-1254).



11.



12.



13.



14.



16.



Germany in the Later Middle Ages

Germany in the Fourteenth Century.
Germany in the Fifteenth Century.
The Sw^iss Confederation.
14^. The Teutonic Order and the Hanseatic
League at their Height.

Italy and Spain in the Later Middle
Ages

Northern Italy about the End of the

Thirteenth Century.
Italy in the later Fifteenth Century.
Spain in the later Middle Ages.



IV



CONTENTS



16. Expansion of Europe: the Great Dis-

coveries

17. Europe in the Time of the Reforma-

tion

Europe in the Sixteenth Century.

18. Germany in the Sixteenth and Seven-

teenth Centuries

Germany in the Time of the Reforma-
tion.

Germany at the Close of the Thirty
Years' War (1648).

Wettin Lands (1547).

19. Modem England

England and Wales since the Fifteenth

Century.
Modem Ireland.
Modem Scotland.
Environs of London.
19*. England in the Puritan Revolution.

SO. France from the Reformation to the
Revolution

France, 1515-1610.
France, 1610-1789.

France in Generalities and Intend-
ancies on the Eve of the Revolution.

M. Europe after the Peace of Utrecht

Europe in 17 15, after the Treaties of
Utrecht, Rastatt and Baden.
21*. Italy from 1714 to 1748.

22. Germany in the Eighteenth Century,
with Growth of Brandenburg-
Prussia

Central and Western Germany in 1789.
Brandenburg- Prussia to the End of

the Eighteenth Century.
32*. Brandenburg-Prussia before Frederick

the Great.

28. Decline of Sweden, Poland, and Tur-
key before Russians and Germans

Height and DecUne of Sweden.

Partitions of Poland.

Ottoman DecUne in the Seventeenth

Centviry.
Ottoman Losses and Gains in the

Eighteenth Century.
23*. Expansion of Russia,



24. Europe on the Eve of the French

Revolution

Europe in 1789.

25. The French Revolution

France in the Time of the Revolution.
Italy in 1 798-1 799.

26. Europe imder Napoleon

Europe in 18 10.
Germany in 1803.
Germany in 1806.
26*. Germany from the Peace of Tilsit

(July, 1807) to the War with Austria

(1809).
Italy in 1806.

27. Europe after the Settlements of 18 15

28. Formation of the Modem German

Empire

The German Confederation , 181 5-1 866.
North German Confederation and the
German Empire.
28*. Development of the German Customs
Union (ZoUverein).

29. Italian Unity. The Eastern Question

since the Eighteenth Century

Italy since 181 5.

Principal Theater of the War of Inde-
pendence.

Ottoman Empire from 1792 to 1878.

European Turkey since the Treaty of
Berlin (1878).

30. Europe in Asia and Africa

Growth of the British Empire of India.

India in 1792.

France in India in the Time of Du-

pleix.
Partition of Africa (to 1906).
The Boer RepubUcs on the Eve of

their Suppression (1899).

31. Europe in the Americas

Europe in North America since the
Revolt of the Thirteen Colonies
(1776).

Exclusion of Spain and Portugal from
South America.

82. Contemporary Europe



^




'U-'



THE GREEK WORLD



^




ROME ra ABD BEYOND ITALY




o



I



EUROPE OH THE EVE OF THE mVASIOBS




DIVASIOHS OF ROME FROM THE NORTH; TECE HEW GERMANIC STATES




mVASIOIfS FROM THE SOUTH AHD EAST: EXPANSION OF ISLAM



D




THE PRANKISH EMPIRE




o



o



91





c



101




MEDIEVAL ENGLANB




102




^ a o -is ^

2 1 tj!:2 ?5 =^ M-



H 1^ S b



3 5=^ ll
a'



O o
Q =

b g.



^m^Jf



fl



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iiffiil!!



c



121




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( I \ . n t "'... -" DijoU; , /






Hitv.u pan;

< i.



^. •^.



fiia:n^ce

AFTER THE
TREATY OP PARIS, 1259

SCALE OF MILES



=\ Royal domain

=1 Appanages of princes cf the royal family

^r^ Ecclesiastical seigniories

^^ Held by the king of England

^y Other flefs held of the French eiown



Tollhouse i ^ - ^ , ^%/^

MuiTtJ, ; >;' ,'H,. viyis. ^

r^ '" 'b J ^ - r-' '■ /Siirljounc

O S~ — < C ) .Mii,|i..ix i >jf^

>-'L«O.SS.ULOS





A



13 Longitude from Greenwich O




c




^ a lUU 160 201

Principal divisions
about the "beginning of the
Hobenstaufen period.
For supplementary names of places,
see maps on Germany and Italy
from the 10th to the ISth Centurj'.
D„ Dhy.= Duchy ; Cty.=Couuty ;
31^. »MaTgraviatfe ; Lgt. = Landg-i-n, viate.
Towns in italics = members of Lombard
League at Peace of Yenice (1177).
I Judicature of Torres ; 2 Judicature of
Gaillur ; 3 Judieatm'e ot Arborea ;
i Judicature of Cagliari.




^^



f)



142




ITALY AMD SPAIN IN THE LATER MIDDLE AGES



J





CM



191



ENGLAXD

IN THE

PURITAX REVOIiUTION




A Bath; Do..,/, Devizes >";V.; „!!, "Ji-..^."' Coir. V Rochester «- ^ -;




= East G



1° H



MODERN ENGLARD




3



O




a




o



c



a H „— ^ S W I |t Z E R L A N U

iU''..^^—' ; Trent



/




22t




Suropeui HiitotT




r J



®



DECLINE OF SWEDEN, POLAND, AHD TURKEY, BEFORE RUSSIANS AND GERMAgS




^



233




ACQUISITIONS

|;y;wvV.v] Under the RomauofTs before Peter the Great*

Under Peter the Great (1689- 1726)

Under Peter'B Succegsors to 1762

Under Catherine II (1762 - 1790)

Since Catherine II



EXPANSION OF FwUSSIA

EUROPE AND THE CAUCASUS
From the Accession of the
House of Romaooff (1613)

SCALE OF MILES



30



Longitnde



D




3



r




c



m



^




a



EDROPE AFTER THE SETT LEMEBTS OF 1815




c



281





c




c



^^




o



INDEX

This alphabetical list contains primarily the names which appear on the maps, each
name being entered at least once. It contains also many names not on the maps, such
names being explained usually by cross-references. As a rule, the names mean towns
unless some other meaning is stated.

To find a given location, turn to the plate indicated by the figures, and on
that to the block where the strips marked by the letters intersect. Example: Oxford
10 L e; see plate lo, at the intersection of the strip L and the strip e.

Principal abbreviations: anc. for ancient; cent, for century; eccl. for ecclesiastical;
FZ. for Flemish; FrAor French; Ger. for German; It. ior ItaUan; Lat. for Latin; mod.
for modern ; Sp. for Spanish.

Dates, if not accompanied by the letters B.C., are A.D.



Aachen, Ger. for Aix-la-Cha-
pelle

Aalborg 14* C b

Aalst, see Alost 14 C c

Aare (or Aar), river 13 C e

Aargau, district 13 C e

Aargau, Swiss district 14 D g

Aarau 14 D g

Aarhus 17 G b

Abse 2 C c

Aballo, Lat. for Avallon

Abasgia, region 8 G b

Abbassids, dotainions of 6^

Abbeville ix D b

Abbotsf ord 19 D g

Abdera 2 H f

Abensberg 26* B c

Abeokuta 30 G o

Abercom 10 A o

Aberdeen 19 B g

Aberdeen, shire, or county .... 19 B g

Aberffraw 10 H c

Abergavenny 10 J e

Abergwili 10 H e

Aberystwith 10 H d

Abeshr 30 J n

Abila, Phoenician colony 2^ A b

Abingdon 19 K e

Abo... 23 E b

Abodrites, people 7 F b

Abodrites, people 13 E b

Abomey 30 G o

Abrantes 26 A d

Abrincates (or Abrincas), Lat.
for Avranches

Abruzzi, district 15 H 1

Abu Habba, see Sippar 1 E b

Abu Shahrein, see Eridu I F b

Abydos, in Egypt i C c

Abydus (or Abydos) 2 Jf

Abyssinia, region 16 J d

Abyssinia, state 30 K o

Acanthus 2 D a

Acapulco 31 P p

Acarnania, region 2 B c

Acca (or Acco, or Accho), or
Ptolemais, mod. Saint Jean
d'Acre

Accad, land, see Akkad i E b

Accada (note)22 P j

Accra 30 F o

Acesines. river i Y o



Achaia, province 4 E c

Achaia, region 2 B c

Achelous, river 2 B c

Acharnas 2 D c

Acheron, river 2 A b

Achill, island 19 C r

Achin 16 M d

Aciris, river, mod. Agri 3^ F d

Acqui 15 F k

Acragas, or Agrigentum, Greek

colony 2' C b

Acre, see Saint Jean d'Acre . . . 9^ C d

Acritas, promontory 2 B e

Acrocorinth 2 C d

Acte, district 2 E a

Actium 2 A c

Adalia 23 E g

Adana 23 M g

Adda, river 15 F k

Addua, river, m^d. Adda 3^ B b

Adels, river 23 D b

Aden 30 L n

Aden, gulf 30 L n

Aderer, or Aderar, region, see

Adrar 30 Em

Adharbaidjan, region 6 F b

Adige, river 15 H k

Adis Abeba 30 K o

Admont, monastery 13 G e

Adour, river 20 C e

Adowa 30 K n

Adramyttium 2 J g

Adranutze . . . . „ 8 H b

Adrar, region 30 Em

Adria, or Adria Veneta, «ee

anc. Hatria in Venetia 3^ D b

Adrianople 4 E b

Adua, see Adowa 30 K n

Adwalton Moor 19' E d

JEcse 3* E d

JEiui, Lat. for Autun

.^gae.s^eEdessa in Macedonia. 2 G k

.ffigseum Pelagus, theme, tee

JEge&a Islands 8 F c

.ffigaleus, mountain 2 B d

.Agates, islands 3^ D f

JEgean Sea 2 H g

.£gean Islands, or JEgtexim.

Pelagus, theme 8 Fc

.Sgilia, island 2 H n

Mgina 2 D d

.Sgina.gulf 23 J g



.lEgina, island 2 D c

Mgira. 2 C d

JEgixim 2 C c

-ffigospotami, river 2 Kk

.^gyptus, province 4 Fd

jElana, or Aila, or Elath 3 F d

^lia 4 F c

.Elis (or Elis) 4 Ec

Aelmere, Lat. for Zuyder Zee

Aelst, see Alost 14 C c

Emilia, province 4 Db

.Snaria, or Pithecussa, island,

mod. Ischia 3* D d

JEaea. . ■ 2 C a

.^niania, district 2 C c

.ffinus (or .iEnos) 2 J f

.ffinus, mountain 2 A c

.^nus (or CEnus)4'iver,r7w


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Online LibraryEarle Wilbur DowAtlas of European history → online text (page 1 of 13)