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conjedlure, that they were fo conneded by
the arch-angel, or fo recorded by the
prophet.

The text In both Claufes evidently points to
the famed 'Ax\m:i£ or excifion of Jerufalem
by the arms of the Romans : who are here
ftyledj the People of the Pr'mce that JJjould'
come\ that is, the People of Mefliah the
Prince : the fame """ title agreeing to the fame
Divine Perfon. The Romans were his
people, both in their prefent fubferviency
to His Will, and in their future conver-
fion to His Faith : h'e. fenf forth his armies ^
and defroyed thofe murdererSy and burned up
their City ^""l

Although I prefer this expofition,
yet I would not contend with thofe,
who by The Prince that fiould cojne under-
ftand Titus Vefpafian, of whom the Roman
writers fpeak as if his military glory chiefly
reiuked from the taking of Jerufalem.
Thus the epic poets in their flattery of the
Flavian family :

^^ "lUi ^^^ ^ Chron» r. 2, Ifau Iv. 4, *' Matt. xxii. 7.

ver-



224 D I S C O U R S E IV.

verfam proles tua pandet Idumeri,

(Namque poteft) Solymo nigrantem

pulvere fratrem>
Spargentemque faces, et in omni turre

furentem.

VAL. FLACCUS. I. 12-

— — hie fera gentis
Bella Palseftinse primo delebit in aevo.

siLius. III. 165.

The aftions of that Prince in the con-
dud: of this memorable fiege are related in
the Fifth and Sixth Books of Jofephus:
the moft tragical event in hiftory
was effefted by a Prince, whofe clemency
made him '^ the delight of human-kind,"
and who faw with generous reluclance the
horrors of his o\¥n viftory ^'^. It is thus.
Divine Providence diftinguiflies its counfels
and inftruments^ and the Viftor himfelf
acknowledged, that ' God was his affiftant,
that none but God could have ejected the
Jews from fo ftrong fortifications^".' Tbey
fiall dejiroy the city and the sanctuary.
The fpecification is remarkable ^ as Jerufa-

*5 Jof. vil, 5, 2, 50 VI. 9. I.

lem



D I S C O U R S E IV. 22C

lem in efFedl fuftained two feparate fieo-es ;
one, of the lower City ; the other, of the
Temple, or Santiuary of Jlrengtl\ as our
Prophet elfd where ftyles it '', as being not
only a magnificent Temple newly rebuilt,
but a ftrong Fortrefs, which was confumed
by their own fires againU the intention and
efforts of their Conqueror ''\

T^he end thereof fh all he "with a flood,
the fymbol of invading armies 3

— aggeribus ruptis cum fpumeus amnis
Exiit, oppofitafque evicit gurgite moles,
Fertur in arva furens cumulo, campofq;

per omnes
Cum ftabulis armenta traliit.

viRG. ^ineid. II. 496.

And unto the end cf the War dcfolatiom
are determined : which marks the irrevo-
cable decree of heaven, and the complete-
nefs of the devaftation after a continued
War of more than vii years. To imprefs
the fulnefs of the completion, the fates of
the JewifK nation are refumed with new
and defcriptive characlers.

y XI. 31. 5^ Jof, VI, 4. 7,

P And



226 D I S C O U R S E IV.

A?id for the overfpreadiiig of Ahomina-'
tionSy he JJdall make it deflate ; literally,
* the Defolator,by the wing of abominations /
The Defolator is the Roman Army of
60,000 men ^\ The wing as well as the \
FLOOD is the Hebrew metaphor for great
Armies : both are joined in that fine de-
fcription of Ifaiah :

VIII. 7, 8. Now therefore^ behold^ fhe^
Lord bringeth up iipo?i them the waters of
the 'River ^ftro7ig and majiy^ even the king oj
Affyria^ and all his glory : and he fall come
Zip over all his channels^ and go over all his
hanks : and he ft: all pafs through fudah ; he
fall overfoWy and go over ; he fall reach
even to the neck : And the f retching out of
his WINGS fall fill the breadth of thy landy
O ImmanueL

Abominations in the Jewifli ftyle are
Idols. The word is fo ufed by Daniel ^-^
for the idol of the Olympian Jupiter,
which Antiochus placed on God's altar''.
In this prophecy it denotes the ftandards

53Jof. B.J. 111.4,2. ^^yJi^ii, 55 iMaccab,i.s7.



D I S C O U R S E IV; 227

of the Roman Legions. To every Legion
was a Golden Eagle with expanded wings,
grafping a thunderbolt. The Eagles, with
the standards of the Cohorts, ten in each
Legion, adorned with the image of the
reigning Cefar, were deified and adored,
and fworn by; Each eagle was placed in a
little Temple or Shrine : and there was a
Chapel in the Camp where all the eagles
were adored. At Rome, they were depo-
fited in the temple of Mars. Such deified
enfigns were an abomination to the Jews ^^.
The predi6lion was minutely verified,
when the Romans, upon the flight of the
Seditious into the City, and upon the
burning of the Tem^ple and adjacent
Buildings, brought the Enfigns to the Holy
Place, fixed them againft the Eaftern gate,
offered facrifices to them, and hailed Titus,
Imperator '\

The allufion to the Roman ftandards is

obfervable in that prediction of Mofes:

The Lordfiall bring a Nation againfi thee

from Jar ^ from the end of the earthy as the

5* See Jofephus XVII. 7. 2. XVIII. 8, 57 jof. VI. 6. i.

P 2 Eagle



228 D I S C O U R S £ IV.

Eagle jit eth^ a Nation wkofe toitgue thoufiak
not iinderjiand ^ ^ . The Eagles and the Lan-
guage and the diftance from Rome, dif-
criminate the Romaixs from the Chaldeans^
whofe tongue \vas only a dialeft of the
Hebrew.

Our Bleffed Saviour, who had the pro-
phetic Spirit uithout meafure, gives the
interpretation of this place of Daniel, and
confirms it by his ov\m predi6tion of the
principal events of the Jewiih War.
When ye therefore JJoall fee the ahomination of
deflation^ fpoken of by Daniel the prophet ^
f and in the holy place ^ [ivhofo readeth let him
underfand: ) Then let them which be in fiidea
flee ijito the mountains, and y. 28. For
ivherefoever the carcafe is, there will the
eagles be gathered together '^,

In the concluding verfe, the expreffion
is elliptical : for the overfpreading of abomi-
nations^ he f jail make it deflate, even until
the confiinimation, and that determined fall
be poured upon the deflate. Which mav be

s" Deut. xxviii, 49. 5j Matth. xxir. 15, 16.

thus



D I S C O U R S E IV. 229

thus literally tranflatcd, and the ellipfes
fupplied. Evcfi until the Conjummation
and Excifion, the J^ivine wrath Jljall be
poured on the defolate City, Temple, and
People, which exprelies lb complete a
devaftation, as cannot be delcribed but in
the emphatic words of Christ ; when his
difciples beheld with admiration the recent
magnificence of Herod's Temple. See ye
720 1 all thefe th'mgs ? verily I fay imto yoUy
T^here fl:all not be left here one flone upon ano-
ther^ thatfhall not be thrown down, and /. 2 1 .
T'hen fjall be great tribulation^ fuch as was
not fince the beginning of the world to this
time., no^ nor en)er f:all be, Ch rift's own
prediftion w^as memorably verified, againft
the attempt of the Apoftate Emperor, ex-
prefsly to defeat it : an attempt which
confirms the principle of Prophecy, that
the Defigns and Counfels of God are inde-
pendent of the projects of Men either to
fruftrate or fulfil them.

I have been cautious, in the explication
of Daniels lxx weeks, to avoid every topic
that might embarrafs fo difficult a fubjed:.

P3 But



230 D I S C O U R S E IV.

But as all the Chronological Characlers
receive their exaft Completion in the Con-
firmation of the Chriftian Covenant, at the
end of the Seventieth Week; in the 4th
year after the Death of Ciiriil : (for it is
very harfh, with many Interpreters to place
the death of Chi^ist in the midft of the
70th week — and th^n per faltum to go for-
ward near 40 years for the Ceafing of the
legal Sacrifices at the fiege of Jerufalem.)
and as the confequent Events are beyond
the Seventy Weeks, and are not defined by
any notes of Time : and as the prophetic
exprelTions ^° are fo ample and emphatic,
in defcribing tnit •srav^AsSpaj and complete
excifion, which was 10 vindicate Chr.st's
death on the Jews and on iheir children : I
leave it to the confideration of accurate and
exaft Enquirers, whether the War of
Adrian, A. D. 133. may not be eminently
fpecified in this prediftion. Perhaps the
re- duplication of Images and expreffions,
rifing one above another, may relate to two
completions : and the refumption of the
leading ideas, in a prophecy where every

word



\



DISCOURSE IV. 2-1

word Is emphatical, is not, I prcfume,
without fome enlargement and extcnfion.
This interpretation may ahb furnifh a
Iblution of the inverted method in the 26th
and 27th verfes : where in y-. 26, confe-
quent to the cutting off tlie Mefliah, the
people of the Prince that JJjould come iliould
deftroy the City and the Sanftuary : This
is the Firft Expedition, under Titus Vef-
pafian^ and, it is worthy of attention,
that in this claufe, both the City and the
San6luary are fpecified,becaufe both the City
and Temple were deftroy ed in the war of
Titus. But in that of Adrian, which feems
chiefly intended in the laft words of the
Prophecy, no mention is made of the
Temple, but of the City only, as it had
been rebuilt by the Name of NXxd, Capi-
tolina, and profaned by a magnificent
Temple of Jupiter, erefted by that fuper-
ftitious Emperor.

The overfpreadbig of abominations^ in the
laft Claufe, if it be interpreted of the ido-
latrous enfigns or of the Roman Armies,
is applicable to both thefe Wars : only,

P 4 that



232 DISCOURSE IV.

that the idolatrous profanation by Adrian
was as great as Pagan fuperftition could
make it.

It is ufual with the prophets, to refpe£t
more than One completion, or rather, a
fucceflive Completion, efpecially when they
predicft the fates of their Country and its
Capital City. This fulnefs of ideas is ex-
emplified, Ifaiah xxii. where, on occafion
of a prefent danger from the Aflyrian
invafion, are foretold the future de-
vailations by the Chaldeans^ and by the
Romans.

The events of the Seventieth Week are
repeated out of their Order of Time, and
between the Two Expeditions : , He Jhall
confirm the Covenant imth many for One weeky
and in the midfi of the week he fiall caife the
Sacrifice and the Oblation to ceafe^ by the
Sacrifice of Himfelf. Perhaps, this clauft
is here inferted, becaufe the Chriilian Co-
venant had not its full efi'eft, either in
point of evidence or of promulgation, till
after the Fjrft -taking of Jerufalem : and

becaufq



D I S C O U R S E IV. 233

becaufe the vindidive Juftice of God on the
Jewifli nation, for their continued contu-
macy in refifting the Holy Ghoft as their
fathers did, was a fecond time difplayed in
the War of Adrian. The pertinacious
infidehty of the Jews was aggravated by
their oppofition to the Gofpel, even after
the Second deftrudion of their Capital,
when their Rabbins publilTied edidls for-
bidding any conference with the Chriftians,
and fent Meffengers into all parts to im-
pede the progrefs of Chriftianity : and they
are ftill fo abfurd, as to anathematize
thofe who calculate the Notes of Time in
this and other Prophecies.

Our literary labours are well employed
in combating the errors and opiniatrete
of the Jews, from whom the Modern Un-
believers have borrowed their principal
arts of controverfy. The true interpre-
tation of Scripture will furnifh a folid
anfwer to the objeftions of Both; and,
will be attended with the moft defirable
effects, whenever God fliall remove the veil
from their hearts^ and open their eyes, to the

acknouo^



234 i) I S C O U R S E IV.

acknowledgment of the wyflery of God and of
//ji? Father and of Christ ^\

Thus far, we have confidered the hiftoric
and chronological Charafters of this Pro-
phecy, which commencing from the third
Year of the Eightieth Olympiad, and end-
mg with the Confirmation of the Chriftian
Covenant in the fecond Year of the Two
Hundred and Third Olympiad, includes a
Period of Seven-times Seventy Years, from
the firll: edift of Artaxerxes Longimanus
to reftore the whole Jewifiiconftitution, to
the abrogation of the Lav/ and the calling
of the Gentiles, and the firft eftablifhment
of the Name of Chriftians, rendered ftill
more memorable by the miraculous Con-
verfion of the chief of the Apoftles, St. Paul.
The reft of the Prophecy is an appendage
to the Seventy Weeks, extending indefinitely
beyond that limited period, but chiefly re-
fpecling the Two great defolations of
Jiidea and Jerufalem by the P.oman Armies
of the Emperors Vefpafian and Adrian :
thofe fignal inftances of the Divine difplea^

^' Col. ii. 2,

fure.



D I S C O U R S E IV. 235

fure, and the prefent defolation and dif-
perfion of that People, being the punifh-
ment they have merited, by rejecfling and
emcifynig the Lord of Life; and at the
fame time an evident demonftration of the
Chriftian Rehgion, and a feal of its divhie
authority. This Prophecy is fo connected
with thefe Chronological Characters, as to
preclude all poffibility of deception : and
all the chronological characters agree to the
eveats with the utmoil: precifion, perhaps
even to a day, if the fubjeft would admit
of fo minute an inveftigation . It is worthy
of attention, that the Ancient prophecies,
prior to this of Daniel, have no fucii exact
fpecification of the time of their comple-
tion. Chronology vv^as not reducible to
hiftoric certainty prior to the Olympiads.
When that asra became the authentic mea-
fiire of Time, God was pleafed to give this
lingular credential to the Chriftian Reli-
gion ; whofe Author and original could not
be more precifely afcertained, than by a
meafure of time adapted to the ideas of the
Jewifh Law including Ten jubilees, or
Seventy fabbatic yearSj nearly commencing

\vith



^^S D I S C O U R S E IV.

with the war of Peloponnefus, in the reci-
tal of which, the unexampled accuracy of
Thucydides led the example of the moft
exa6l notation of Time to other hiftorians.
If the Chronology for 600 years after the
age of Cyrus, had been as perplexed as it
was for 600 years l?efore ; it would not have
been poffible to afcertain the completion of
a Prophecy, fpecifying fo many particular
dates.

I have not embarraflcd fo clear a dcmon-
ftration, by refuting the feveral falfe and
evafive fyftems, which have been advanced
on this fubjeft : fome obfervations on them
v/ill perhaps occur in the Next Difcourfej
in which I hope to complete the Conclullon
drawn from the premifes furnifhed by this
Prophecy, not only by exadl chara6lers of
the Time and Events, but by a full defcrip-
tion of the interior elTence of the Chriftian
Religion, as refulting from the Benefit^
procured to Man by its Divine Author.



PROOFS



[ 237 ]
PROOFS AND ILLUSTRATIONS,



PAGE 183.

The Book of Daniel is in full pofTcflion of
authenticity, as written under the Babylonian
Empire. It is attefled as his own work by the
prophet himfelf, vii. i. 2. viii. 26. ix. 3. xii. 4.
by his contemporary Ezekiel xiv. 14. xviij. 2,
xxviii. 3. by the judicious author of the Firft
Book of Maccabees, i. 54. ii. 60. by the hifto-
rian Jofephus, x. 11. 7. xi. 8. 5. whofe tefti-
mony is clear and full, for its canonical autho-
rity. Our BlefTcd Saviour has fo afferted the
authority of the prophecies of Daniel, as to reft;
his own veracity on their truth. St. Paul and
St. John, and all the Chriflian waiters alTcrt
their genuinenefs.

Thofe \vho do not refpe8: the authority of
Chrifl:ians, muft be convinced of the antiquity
of the Book of Daniel by other Evidence.

Diodorus, lib. IL c. 9. defcribcs the coloffal
flatue of Nebuchadnezzar, forty feet high
without the pedcftal ; and is thought to refer to
the prophecies of Daniel, fpeaking of thofe of
the Chaldeans, II. c. 31. ^sTror/ic-^ca Si <pxci,
'srpoppvia'eig ocXXoiq t£ (3a(rtA£ucrii/ oux oAiyoi?, kxi t'j»
x(X,TOc-n-oX£fji.Yi(TX]/ri AocpBto)/ AX£^x]/Sp'jjy y.xi ro:<; ^it

CCVrO]/ (ix<TiXEVCrX(Tl]/ AvIiyOVWTE >C«t XfAfUX.W T'^

N»>i(?iTCipi* fk X7rx<ri Ss ron; pr,9e<(rtv ivro'/y[)(.ivxi Scxov<n.

4 The



238 D I S C O U R S E IV.

The true vindication of the Book of Daniel
is from its internal evidence. The prophecies
extend very far beyond the time in which Por-
phyry pretended it was written, and begin long
befcre the Greek Verfion which he fuppofed
to be the Original.

AANIHA KATA TOTS EBAOMHKONTA EK
TUN TETPAHAnN XlPirENOYS. Daniel fe-
cundum Septuaginta ex Tetraplis Origenis
nunc primum editus e fingulari Chifiano Codice
annorum fupra dccc. Romae. mdcclxxii. foL

The Chifian MS. contains the IV Great Pro-
phets taken from the Hexapla, and is a true text
of the Septuagint. For a fpecimen of the cha-
racters in uncial letters, which were little ufed
after the ixth Century, fee p. 74. and Mont-
faucon. paliEOgr. p. 231. 235.

Gabr. Fabricy. Titres primitifs de la Revela-
tion. Rome, 1772. torn. II. p. 39 — 41. et
Indice, p. 558. Nous devons cette edition aux
foins du R.P. Simon de Magiftris, fcavant pretre
del'Oratoirede I'eglife-neuve deRome,tresavan-
tageufement connu par fes travaux litteraires.

It is certain that there was a Greek verfion
of Daniel, anterior tothatof Theodotion, which
was preferred to the ancient verfion, as being
more exa8: and perfpicuous. Hieron. prsef. in
Dan. * Contra Prophetam Danielem duodeci-
mum Librum fcribit Porphyrius, nolens eum
ab ipfoj cujus infcriptus ell nomine, elfe compo-
8 fitum :



D I S C O U R S E IV. 239

fitum; fed a qiiodam qui temporibiis Antiochi,
qui appcllatus eft Epiphancs, fuerit in Judzca;
et non tarn Danielem ventura dixifFc, quam
ilium iiarrafTe pra^terita. Denique, quicqiiid
ufque ad Antiochum dixcrit, vcram hiftoriain
continerc. fi quid autem ultra opinatus fit, cfFc
mentitum .... Cujus impugnatio teftimonium
veritads eft. Tanta eiiim diclorum fides fuit,
ut Propheta incredulis hominibus non videatur
futura dixilfe, fed narrafte praeterita.

Idem, In c. iv. f. 8. Donee collega ingreffus
eft.] Exceptis lxx tranflatoribus, qui ha^c om-
nia nefcio qua ratione praeterierunt, tres reliqui
CoUegam interpretati funt. Unde judicio
Magiftrorum Ecclefiae, editio eorum in hoc
volumine repudiata eft, et Theodotionis vulgo
legitur, quae et bebiaeo et casteris Tranflatoribus
congruit. Unde et Origenes in nono Stromatuni
volumine aflTerit, fe quae fequuntur ab hoc loco
in propheta Daniele, non juxta Septuaginta in-
terpretes, qui multum ab hcbraica veritate difcor-
dant, fed juxta Theodotionis editionem differere.

The late edition of the lxx Daniel perfe6lly
correfponds to St. Jerome's remark, for the
whole paftage, Dan. iv. 2 — 7. is omitted, which
confirms the genuinenefs of this Verfion.

It alfo agrees with St. Jerome's other charac-
ter, of Obfcurity. In difficult paftagcs it is
lax and paraphraftical, and perhaps interpolated:
of which we have a fignal fpccimen, ix. 24 — 27.

IX.



240 DISCOURSE IV.

* IX. 24- T.QSoy.YiKoi^^oc i^^ofjt.a,^£^ expt^t^cocv etj rotf
i^aov (ToVy xyA an rr\v zroXiv Stwv, (rvuliXsa'^Tivoci 7ri¥
ec^MCcpliOiVy yioci roct; sc^^yiKxg (TTrxvitrociy x«t OL7rcx.Xet^o(,i
rex,!; Ot^imoigy koci $i(x,]/QY\^r\voci ro opa^oiy xa» ^o^-nvcci
$ixoe>io(rv]/n]/ oilcojiovy ycca (rvulsXza-^Yivxi r» opoc[;^ocloiy
xat '!jrf>o(p7)lr]Uy xon sv(ppixva.i ocyiov ocykuu*

^, 25. K<%t yvoi(TV]^ aoci ^iuvor.^Yitrvif xai Evippoci^^ncrviy
xai ivpna-&ii; -Grpocrlayixo^a, a7roxp»9>iva<, xoci oiKO^o^'ntTiig
If|30U<raXn^a -zcroAtv Kuptw,

Jl^. 26. Kat jtxfia £7rla, xa» \<>$oiJLy\ytov\o(.y xai l^?i-
xov7a J'uo, ocTTQcrjoc^riCTBlyA p^ptcTjOca, >ia» oux fr<3ii* xa;
/3a(riA£ia £0vwi/ ^Ofp?* t>i^ zEToAti/, xat to aytoj/ ^£7<2i rov
Xfirou* xat r!^« )i (ruvl£A«a aujou jw-f] opyngy xat Iw?
'Auipov crvvl£X&ia,gy octto izroXii^ou woX£{ji.yi^n(T£loct,

^. 27. Kiit <J'iii/ar£Uo-« 7) J'taOnxTi «? tztoAAou^-j kac^
^«Ai!/ ETTicrlpB^Hy xaj ccyQiKo^o[/.rS£<T{liXi £K '^Xocloqy XOil
^nxoqy -Kcci KOilcc (tvt^sXeiocv y.ocipooy, xai ju,£7a £7r]a xaj
* lQ^o(jt.fiyt,oi^M ycxipov^y ytcci ^(3 IruUy Iwg Kocipou <rvv\iX&i(x,<;
TuoXsfJLoVyKon a(pocipi^7i(rilxi v £pnf^ooa^^gy £i/ tco x.Oili<r^v(roci
TY,v (J'laOnKiii/ fTTi zsoXXocg sbJ'ojuacJ'a^* xat £J/ TW T£A« TYig
IQd'ou.ci^og ccpQri(7i}a.i. ij S'utria xcsii 77 (Ttto^^ti' xai £7rt to
Ispovy ^hX-uytxDc roQD £p7i^w(r£cov ifxi koog (rv^ltXetocgy KXi

/. 24.

■* Jo. Dav. Michaelis. epift. III. p. 218. — Eft verfio
feptLiagintaviralis multoin Daniele liberior, quam aliis in
libris effe folet, atqiic valde paraphralHca ; magno tamen
pericoparum difcrimine. — In iii. iv. v. caplte, non-
fiunquam ita verbis fententifque diffident Grasca a
Chuldaicis, lU videantur duae diverfce proponi narra-

tiones



D I S C O U R S E V. 24.1

IX. 24. Septuaginta hchdomades decretae Junt

Juper populum tuum, et fiiper civitatem Sio?i, ut

confummetur peccatum^ et defciant iniquitates^ et

deleantur tnjuftiticHy et intelUgatur vifio^ et detur

jujiitia Jempiterna^ et conjummentur vifioncs et

Prophet ay et Icetetur San6lus Sanulorum,

f,^^, Etjcies, et intelliges, et l^t aliens, et /;/-
venies pr^cepta, ut re/pondeatur : et adificahis
Jerufalem civitatem Domino.

^\ 26. Et fojlfeptemy etfeptuagi?itay et Jexa^
ginta duos, dcficiet un^io^ et non erit : et regnum
gentiura dejlruet civitatem, et San^uarium cum
Uyioio : et veniet confummatio ejus cum furore, et
lifque ad tempus conjummationis a hello oppugn
nahitur,

y. 27. Et pravalehit tejl amentum In mult:s,et
rurfus revertetur, et readijicabitur in latitudine,
et longitndine, et juxta conjummationeyn temporum:
et pofi Jeptem, et Jeptuaginta tempora, et fexa-
ginta duo anncrum, ufque ad tempus con/wmma-
tionis belli, et auferetur defolatio in pravalcndo
tefiamento ad mult as hebdomadas, et in fine hebdo-
mads auferetur facrificiuni et libamen, et in tew.plo
abominatio defolationum erit ufque ad ccnfumma^
tionejn: et confummatio dabitur fuper defolationem.

tiones ejufdem hiflorice. Alibi prelTior efl: intcrprctario,

wt in c. r. 11. viii. piimifque 24verribus ixni. hictaincn

ipfe preffior interpres ell: valdc paraphrafticus. Vcrfua

autem 25. 26. 27. noftrl Capitis, incrcdibili liccntia fuiit

hiterpoldti, tranfpofiti, mututi, vcxati.

O Ire-



24.2 D I S C O U R S E V.

Irenaeus, born anno 106, died about 190, but
almoft all his citations from Daniel are only in
the Latin verfivOn . But wc have a clear tcftimony,
that we have happily recovered the lxx Daniel.

Juflin M. was converted A. 133. wrote his
Firll Apology 140. then his Dialogue, and fuf-
fered martyrdom 165. He cites Dan. vii.
9 — 28. dialog, c. 31, in the fame manner as he
ufually cites the lxx. memoriter, and with
variations. But the long quotation from
Dan. vii. agrees in the main with the New
Edition from the Chifian MS. I doubt
not, that Juftin, who cites fo many pro-
phecies from the lxx, would alfo have cited
Dan. ix. could he have penetrated its meaning
through the Obfcurity of this verfion.

The Verfion in the age of the firft Ptolemies
was only of the Law. The other books were
probably tranflated after the prohibition againft
reading the Law, by Antiochus Epiphanes, be-
fore Chrift 170. but the whole Bible was tranf-
lated into Greek before Chrift 130, as appears
from the prologue to Ecclefiafticus. Sec
Kennicott. Diff. Gen. § 17.

Thcodotion publifhed his verfion of Daniel
in the 6th of Commodus, A. D. 185.
But he had finifhed his Greek verfion of the
Scriptures, A. D. 176. — J. F. Buddeus, Parerga
Sacra, 1719. p. 31—60. de Theodotione.

PAGE.



b I S C O U R S E V. 242

PAGE 183.

JoH. Dav. Michaelij Epistola de lxx
hebdd. Lond. 1773.8. Epift. III. p. 218. 220.
Quod autcm olim Porphyrias liifpicabatur,
hunc, quern nunc tandem ex Bibliotheca Chifiana
fecuperavimus Grascum Danielem, textum ar-
chetypum efTe, ab impoftore aliquo Judaeo graece
loquente confitlum, ac poftea demum Hsebraice
ct Chaldaice verfum; id totum concidit, le6lo
hoc (quern pro archctypo fraudis habuit Por-
phyrius) Grseco Daniele, cum Hebraico et
Chaldaico comparato, Signa verfionis tanri
manifefta fibi imprefTa habet — ut ipfi me pcne
Porphyrio, fi viveret, perfuafurum putem, non
ex Gtaecis Chaldaica, fed ex Chaldaicis et Hc-
braicis Graeca verfa efTe. Verum et hac dc
queftione plura invenies in tomo ivBibliothccae
Semeftris Orientalis.

The learned Mr. Woide, \\'ho is ever ready
to ferve the Caufe of Religion and Literature^
at my requefl has obligingly given mc an ample
Extra6l from the Bibliotheca Orientalis, P. IV.
N° 50. in which the celebrated Profcffor, Sir
J. D. Michaclis, has proved, againft Porphyry,
that the Book of Daniel was written originally
in Hebrew^ and Chaldee, and that the lxx from
the Chifian MS. is a Verfion from the Hebrew,
of nearly the fame date as the Greek apocryphal


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