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East India Company.

Extracts from the records at the East India house, of proceedings relative to Mr. Francis Fowke, resident of Benares : in the appointment and re-appointment of him to that residency, and his first and second recall from thence online

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Online LibraryEast India CompanyExtracts from the records at the East India house, of proceedings relative to Mr. Francis Fowke, resident of Benares : in the appointment and re-appointment of him to that residency, and his first and second recall from thence → online text (page 1 of 3)
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cts fror the ^e cords
it the *!nst India House, of Pro-
ceedin- -tlve t . CTS
T;1 owke , Resident of Be



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UNIVERSITY OF CALIFORNIA
AT LOS ANGELES




E X T R A C



FROM THE



RECORDS



AT THE



EAST INDIA HOUSE,



O F



PROCEEDINGS



RELATIVE TO



MR. FRANCIS FOWKE,

RESIDENT OF BENARES,



IN THE APPOINTMENT AND RE-APPOINTMENT OF HIM
TO THAT RESIDENCY, AND HIS FIRST AND SECOND
RECALL FROM THENCE.



LONDON,

PRINTED IN MARCH, 1782.




LIST of PAPERS.



No. I. TJ>X TRACT of the proceedings of the Go-
j\rf vernor General and Council in their Secret
Department, Fort William, the i6th Auguft 1775.
Prefent, the Governor General, General Clavering,
Colonel Monfon, Mr. Barwell, and Mr. Francis.
Fir/I appointment of Mr. Francis Foivke to Benares.

No. II. Copy of the loth paragraph of a Letter from
the Governor General and Council in Bengal, ia
their Secret Department, to the Court of Directors
of the Eaft India Company, dated i ith September
1775. Notification of the appointment of Mr. Francis
Foivke to Benares.

No. III. Extraft of Bengal Secret Confultations, the 2d
December 1776. Prefent, the Governor General,
General Clavering, Mr. Barwell, and Mr. Francis.
Recall of Mr. Francis Fowkefrom Benares.

No. IV. Extra& of a Letter from General Clavering to
the Court of Direftors, dated 5th December 1776.
On the removal of Mr. Brijlow from Oude^ and Air.
Francis Fowkefrom Benares.

No. V. Copy of the 6th paragraph of the General
Letter from Bengal., (fecret department,) dated 22d
December 1776. Notification of the Recall of Mr.
Francis Foivke from Benares.

A 2 No,



No. VI. Extract of Bengal Secret Confutations, the 2gd
December 1776. Prefent, the Governor General,
General Clavering, Mr. Barwell, and Mr. Francis.
Appointment of Mr. Thomas Graham to be Refident
at Benares, and Mr. D. 0. Barwell bis AJJiftant.

No. VII. Copy of the nth paragraph of the General
Letter from Bengal (fecret department) dated 6th
January 1777, Notification of the appointment of
Meffrs. T. Graham and D. 0. Barwell as Refident
and AJJiftant at Benares.

No. VIII. Copy of 65th, 66th, and 97111 paragraphs of
the Company's General Letter to Bengal, dated
3oth January 1778, reprehending that Government
for the Recall of Mr. Francis Fowke from Benares,
and their fubfequent appointment of Mejfrs. T.Graham
and D. 0. Barwell to that Reftdency, and directing
the immediate reinjlatement of the former as Refident
and Pojlmajler there.

No. IX. Extract of Bengal Public Confutations, the
aoth July 1778. Prefent, the Governor General,
and Meffrs. Barwell, Francis, and Whelcr. Refo-
lution tofufpend the execution of the Company's orders
with refpeff to Mr. Francis Fowke.

No. X. Copy of a Letter from Mr. Francis Fowke to
the Secretary of the Superior Council in Bengal,
dated 2ift July 1778, requejling to know if any and
what proceedings had pajjed with refpei to his rein-
Jlatement at Benares.

No. XL Copy of a Letter from the Secretary of the Su-
perior Council in Bengal to Mr. Francis Fowke,
dated 29 th July 1778, enclojing, by order, copy of the
refolution of the zoth.

No. XII. Copy of a Letter from Mr. Francis Fowke
to the Governor General and Council in Bengal,
dated I2th Auguft 1778, requeuing to be Informed
if any accufation had been made againft him, otherwife
trufting that the Company's orders concerning him
would be carried into execution,

No. XIU. Copy of the zjjth paragraph of the General
Letter from Bengal, (public department,) dated
1 7th Auguft 1778, notifying the fufpenfion of the
Company's orders with refpecl to Mr. Francis Fowke.

No.



No. XIV. Extraft of Bengal Public Confultations,
the 7th September 1778. Prefent, the Governor
General, and Meffrs. Bar well, Francis, andWheler.
A motion to inform Mr. Francis Fowks that the hoard
had no reafon to be diffatisfied with bis conditcJ^ and
that no charge had been preferred againft him, nega-
tived by the previous quejlion.

No. XV. Extract of Bengal Public Confultations, the id
of April 1779. Prelent, the Governor General,
Meffrs. Barwell, Francis, and Wheler, and Sir Eyre
Coote. Proceedings on a motion for reinjiating Mr.
Francis Fowke at Benares, agreeably to the Company' 's
orders.

No. XVI. Extract of Bengal Public Confultations, the
5th April 1779. Prefent, the Governor General,
Meffrs. Barwell, Francis, and Wheler, and Sir Eyre
Coote. Co?nti?iuation of proceedings on the motion of
the iji infant concerning Mr. Francis Fowke. the
motion negatived.

No. XVII. Copy of the i2th paragraph of the General
Letter from Bengal, dated 22d April 1779, notify-
ing that a motion in Council for rein/la ting Mr. Fran-
cis Foivks at Benares had been negatived.

No XVIII. Copy of the 4th paragraph of the Com-
pany's General Letter to Bengal, dated I4th May
1779, deferring, till receipt cf the Bengal confuta-
tions, a decijion on the fufpcnfion of their pofitive and
peremptory orders relative to Mr. Francis Fowke.

No. XIX. Copy of the 40th paragraph of the Com-
pany's General Letter to Bengal, dated 2710. May
1779, Jlrongly reprehending the dif obedience to their
commands relative to Mr. Francis Fozvke, and again
directing that they be carried into immediate execution.

No. XX. Extract of Bengal Public Confultations, the-
1 7th February 1780. Prefent, the Governor Ge-
neral, and Meffrs. Francis and Wheler, (Mr. Bar-
well indifpofed). Reinftatement of Mr. Francis
Fowke at Benares.

No. XXI. Copy of the 46th paragraph of the General
Letter from Bengal, dated 3d March 1780, notify-
ing the reinftatement of Mr. Francis Fowke at Be-
nares.

No.



No. XXII. Copy of an Addrefs to the Court of Di-
reftors from Lieutenant Colonel Walfli, dated 2d
t January 1782, reprefenting the removal of his ne-

** phew Mr. Francis Fowke from the Refidency of Be-

nares, and praying that redrefs may be granted to him
by thejhips under difpatch.

No. XXIII. Extract of a General Letter from Bengal,
dated gd February 1781, received 4th January
1782, notifying the Recall of Mr. Francis Fowke from
Benares, and the appointment of Mr. Mark ham in bis
room ; alfo Mr. Fowke' s nomination to be Agent for
the provifion of boats to the army after the expiration
of the prefent contrail.

No. XXIV. Copy of an Addrefs to the Court "of Direc-
tors from Lieutenant Colonel John Walfh, dated
23d January 1782, repeating his requeft for redrefs
to be granted to Mr. Francis Fowke by. the difpatches
to Bengal then about to be clofed.

No. XXV. Copy of a Letter from the Secretary of the
Court of Directors to Lieutenant Colonel John
Wallh, dated 29th January i 782, informing him that
his AddreJJes of the id and 23^ inftant were referred
to the Committee of Correfpcndence, who had not yet
corns to any determination thereon.

No. XXVI. Copy of the 46th paragraph of the Gene-
ral Letter from Bengal (fecret department) dated
the 27th April 1781, received ^th February 1782,
notifying again the Recall of Mr. Francis Fowke from
Benares, and appoint ?ne nt of him to be Agent for the
prov'ifion of boats to the Army after the expiration of
the prefent contracJ, alfo Mr. William Markham's ap-
pointment to that Refidency.

No. XX VI I. Extract of Bengal Secret Confutations,
the 1 4th January 1781. Prefent, the Governor
General and Mr. Wheler. Recall of Mr. Francis
Fowke from Benares and appointment of Mr. William
Markham in his room, with Mr. Benn djfijlant. Ap-
pointment of Mr. Francis Fowke to be Agent for pro-
viding boats for the Army after the expiration of Co-
hnd Morgan's contract, with a commijfwn of i$ per

cent,



cent, on his expenditures, and permiffion to draw for
his prefent falary of i coo P^pees per month to the
time he enters on the Agency and three months after.

N. B. As the records of Council for January 1781,
have not yet been received by the Court of Dire&ors,
the Extraft No. XXVII. has been furniihed by favour
of Major John Scott, Agent for the Governor General
in political Concerns.



NO.L



ExtraB of the Proceedings of the Governor General and
Council, in their Secret Department, Fort William, the
i6th Auguft, 1775. Prefent, the Governor General,
General Clavering, Colonel Monfon, Mr. Barwell } and
Mr. Francis.

GENERAL Clavering moves, that a Company's
fervant be fent up to Benares, to carry with him
the Sunnuds of inveftiture to the R.aja from the Com-
pany, and to inform himfelf of the nature of the mint,
the fpeciesof rupees that are coined in it, how much the
perfon who farmed it paid to the Soubah of Oude, or to
his minifters, in prefents ; as likewife with the nature of
the cutwally, and what the advantages of it were to the
perfon who farmed it ; in order to make fuch a fettlement
with the Raja as may be equally advantageous to him
and the Company.

Mr. Francis agrees to the motion*

Mr. Barwell. I looked upon the motion to be carried
by the laft refolution of the board, and that the choice
of a perfon remains only to be determined. The Com-
pany, in the extra charges to which they have already
been put, may have occafion to complain j and as ceco-
nomy and difpatch may be equally promoted, I beg leave
to mention Colonel Main, the officer commanding at
Chunar, as the mod eligible perfon : little or no charges
will be incurred by his juft moving from Chunar to
Benares ; and, befides, he is the belt qualified, from his
local knowledge.

B Colonel



Colonel Monfon agrees to the motion of General
Clavering.

The Governor General objects to this motion.

Refolved, a covenanted fervant be appointed to go
to Benares, to take the Sunnuds of inveftiture to the
Rajah, &c. alfo to make the invefligations necefiary to
enable the board to come to a final fettlement with the
Rajah for that Zemindary.

General Clavering moves, that Mr. Francis Fowkc
be appointed to execute this fervice 5 a young man ex-
ceedingly well qualified, from his knowledge in the Per-
lian tongue, and his unexceptionable good character.

Mr. Francis. I believe Mr. Francis Fowke to be per-
fectly qualified for the fervice propofed ; and I agree to
the motion.

Mr. Barwell. The unhappy differences that have
prevailed at the board, the particular part which Mr.
Jofeph Fowke has ated fmce the commencement of the
new government, the particular predicament in which
he (lands at prefent, I am forry to obferve, makes Mr.
Francis Fowke, his fon, the moft improper nomination
for a commiffiou of this kind that could have been
thought of; nor can I conceive why it ihould have been
thought of, unlefs for the exprefs purpofe of lowering
the Governor General in the eyes of the Raja of Benares,
as wefi as of all India, by the (election of this gentleman.
I have no other objection to Mr. Francis Fowke. Wag
it in my power I would ferve him, but not at the ex-
pence, or in degradation of the firft character of the
itate. I therefore wifh that Mr. Francis Fowke's nomi-
nation may not be carried.

Colonel Monfom I do not comprehend Mr. Bar-
well's chain of reafoning, that the employing an unex-
ceptionable Company's fervant can be any degradation
to the Governor General's confequence or honour, or
lower his dignity in the eyes of the public : had Mr.
Francis Fowke been an exceptionable character, there
might have been ibme degree of juftnefs in Mr. Bar-
weii's obfervationj bnt, as Mr. Barwell himfelf de-
clares he vvilhes to ferve him, I do not comprehend why

he



( 3 )

he will not on this occafion teftify to Mr. Fowke this in-
clination. I believe Mr. Fowke to be qualified for this
appointment, and therefore approve of the nomination.

General Clavering is for his own nomination.

The Governor General. I am not furprized at the
motion now before the board : I expected it at the time
in which it was refolved, in contradiction to the former
opinion of the board, to permit Mr. Jofeph Fowke to re-
turn to Benares. I confider the prefent appointment as
the appointment, not of Mr. Francis Fowke, but of Mr.
Jofeph Fowke, whofe influence over his fon will reduce
the authority of the latter to a mere (hadow; I therefore
difapprove of the motion ; I proteft againft it.

Agreed, that Mr. Francis Fowke be appointed to pro-
ceed to Benares, for the purpofes already refolved on.

Ordered, that inftruclions be prepared for him accord-
ingly, with a letter of credence to Raja Cheyt Sing.



No. II.

Extra ft of a Letter from the Governor General and Council
in Bengal, in their Secret Department, to the Court cf
Directors of the Eaft India Company, dated ntb Sep-
tember, 1775.

Par. lo.TN our Letter of the $d Auguft, of which
A you will receive a duplicate by this (hip, you
are advifed of the acquifition of the territories of Raja
Cheyt Sing to the Company, and of the fteps which we
had then taken towards fettling with him for that Zemin-
dary. On the i6th of that month we again took this
fubjecl into confideration, and called the Vakeel before
us, who had received an anfwer from his mafter to our
firft offer; but not being able to afcertain from him the
finenefs and quantity of the filver of the Gourfhay Ru-
pees, in which coin the tribute from the Rajah is to be
paid, nor the exact amount which the late Farmers of the
Mint and Cutwallyat Benares, and the Cutwally at Juan-
B 2 pore,



( 4 )

pore, had paid annually to the Nabob and his Officers
for the grant of thofe articles, we judged it neceffary to
appoint a perfon to proceed to Benares, to make fundry
local inveftigations into thefe and other points, to enable
us to come to a final adjuftment with the Raja; and we
accordingly appointed Mr. Francis Fowke. In the mean
time, we agreed that the Raja fhould continue to pay at
Benares the exacl: Cum, and in the fame fpecies of ru-
pees, as he had paid to the late and prefent Nabobs of
Oude, that is to fay, 23,72,65612 Gourfliay rupees, ex-
clufive of the Mint, Cutvvally, and other articles, \vhich
the Nabob held in his own right.



No. III.

Ext raff of Bengal Secret Confultations, the id December,
1776. Prefentj the Governor General, General Cla~
r* Bar well > and Mr. Francis,



THE Governor General alfo moves, that Mr. Francis
~ Fowke be recalled from Benares, and his com-
mi V>n annulled i the exprefs purpofes thereof having
been accomplished.

Mr. Francis. I need not bring my opinion in writing
upon either of thefe motions. To the firft I make no
objection ; but as to the recal of Mr. Francis Fowke, I
know no motive for it ; on the contrary, I am fatisfied
that his prefence at Benares has been of fignal ufe in
preventing the delays of the remittance of the tribute ;
and to my knowledge he has done nothing to incur the
difpleafure of the board ; I cannot therefore confent to
his recal.

Mr. Harwell . The exprefs purpofes to which Mr.
Fowke was firft appointed, were, the inveftiture of the
Raja^ and the fettling a mode for the remittance of his
tribute : his commiffion ceafed theinftant the objeft of it

was



( 5 )

was accompliflied, and Mr. Fowke ought then to hate
been remanded to Calcutta ; he holds no appointment,
and therefore it cannot properly be flyled a removal.
I afTent therefore to Mr. Fowke's being called to the
prefidency.

General Clavering. In regard to the rccal of Mr.
Fowke, and the annulling of his office, I cannot help
confidering it as a vindi&ive meafure, couched under the
appearance of public fervice, and therefore diflent to
the motion.

Governor General. I agree to the motion.

Refolved, that the motion propofed by the Governor
General be carried in the affirmative.

The following letter is accordingly written to Mr*
Fowke.

To Mr. Francis Fowke.

Sir,

The objefls propofed by your ap-
pointment, to proceed to Benares, being now accom-
pliflied, we have thought it neceflary to annul the com-
miflion which was given you for that purpofe: We
therefore direcl that you return to this prefidency im-
mediately on receipt hereof.

We are, &c.



No. IV.

of a Letter from General Clavering to the Court of
Dire ftors, dated $tb December, 1776.

THE reftraint that I had laid on myfelf not to in-
fringe further on the rules of the fervice than was
neceffary, for the explanation of my conduft in the part
I am obliged to take, gives way again to the obligation
I feel myfelf under, in the ftrift difcharge of my duty, to
acquaint you with fome of the laft tranfadtions of the
council after the departure of the Naflfau, as their being
undertaken precifely at that jun&ure feem s calculated
to conceal, as long as poffible, the information of them
from your notice.

The



( 6 )

The firft fubjeft is, the removal of Mr. Briftow from
the poft of Refident with the Vizier, and the re-ap-
pointment of Mr. Middleton. The next is, the recal of
Mr. Francis Fowke from Benares.

Having annexed the entire confultation on both fub-
je&s, I will forbear to make any reflections on the pro-
ceedings, leaving it to your honourable board to decide,
how far the good of your fervice has been confulted in
removing two gentlemen, who have each diftinguifhed
themfelves ; the firft, in obtaining for the Company an
addition of thirty lacks a year to their former revenue ;
and the fecond, in re-eftablifhing the coinage of Benares,
by means of which the exact amount of the fubfidy is
ascertained, and then fixing the rate of the remittance on
the moft advantageous terms to the Company. As to
Mr. Middleton's re-appointment, you yourfelves, gen-
tlemen, as well as the proprietors, are too much in-
terefted in the fupport of your own dignity, and too
fenfibly wounded in the ftep taken to reftore him to an
office from which he had been difmiffed, after the fo-
lemn condemnation which you had given on his conduct
for not fubmitting his correfpondence to the fupremc
council, for me to mention and lay a ftrefs on the little
regard the chief of a council {hews to the honour of a
government over which he prefides, to recommend a fer-
vant to fill any pod till he has made the fatisfaclion re-
quired of him, not only to the government in which he
ferves, but to his mailers and fuperiors, on whom he ul-
timately depends.



No. V.

Extraft of tbe Secret General Letter from Bengal^ dated,
iid December y 1776.

Par. 6. nPHE purpofes for which Mr. Francis Fowke
X was appointed to proceed to Raja Cheyt
Sing, at Benares, being now fully accomplimed, we have
annulled his commiffioD, and ordered him to return to
the prefidency.

No.



( 7 )

No. VI.

Extratt of Bengal Secret Confutations, the i^d Dec ember 9
1776. Present, the Governor General, General Claver-
ing, Mr. Harwell, and Mr. Francis.

THE Governor General moves, that a civil fervant
of the Company be appointed to refide at Benares
on the part of this government, for the purpofe of
tranfafting any occafional bufinefs which may arife be-
tween this government and the Raja of Benares; and
that Mr. Thomas Graham may be nominated to this
office, and Mr. Daniel Barwell to be his affiflant.

Mr. Francis. If a civil fervant was neceiTary for the
purpofe defcribed in the motion, I conceive that Mr.
Francis Fowke was perfe&ly well qualified for that office.
I have no objection, however, to either of the gentlemen
recommended by the Governor General.

Mr. Barwell agrees to the motion.

General Ciavering. I objeft to it, and leave the re-
fpomibility of the meafure with the Governor General,
who muft anfwer for it.

Refolved, that a civil fervant of the Company be ap-
pointed to refide at Benares, on the part of this govern-
ment, for the purpofe cf tranfafting any occafional bufi-
nefs which may arife between this government and the
Raja of Benares.

Agreed, that Mr. Thomas Graham be nominated to
this office ; and that Mr. Daniel Barwell be appointed
his affiftant.



No. VII.

Extra ft of the Secret General Letter from Bengal, dated

6th January, 1777-

Par. u. TT7E have thought it proper to appoint a
V V Company's fervant to refide at Benares,
for the purpofe of tranfa&ing any occafional bufmefs that
may arife between this government and Raja Cheyt
Sing. This appointment has been given to Mr. Thomas
Graham, and Mr. D. O. Barwell has been nominated his
afliftant.

No.



( 3 )

No. VIII.

Extra ft of the Company* s General Letter to Bengal, dated
$oth January, 1778.

Par. 65. TN your fecret letter of the i9th of December,
JL 1775, you inform us, that the purpofes for
which Mr. Francis Fovvke was appointed to proceed to
Benares being fully accomplifhed, you had annulled his
commiffion, and ordered him to the prefidency ; but it
appears by your letter of the 6th of January, 1777, that
in lefs than twenty days you thought proper to appoint
Mr. Thomas Graham to refide at Benares, and Mr. Da-
niel Odtavus Barwell to be his afliftant.

Par. 66. If it were poffible to fuppofe that a faving
to the Company had been your motive for annulling
Mr. Fowke's commiffion, we fhould have approved your
proceedings; but when we find two perfons appointed
immediately afterwards, with two falaries, to execute an
office which had been filled with reputation by Mr.
Fowke alone, and that Mr. Graham enjoys all the emo-
luments annexed to the office of Mr. Fowke, we mufl
be of opinion, that Mr. Fowke was removed without
juft caufe, to make room for Mr. Graham; and that the
addition of Mr. Barwell's falary is a clear lofs of three
hundred rupees per month to the Company.

Par. 67. As it was not pretended that Mr. Fowke's
conduct had been exceptionable, as he had executed with
the greateft punctuality and exactnefs the like office to
which you have now appointed Mr. Graham ; and as
the diffent of Mr. Francis, and the proteft of General
Clavering, on the occafion, had no effect, we think it
proper to interfere ; and therefore direct, that Mr.
Francis Fowke be immediately reinftated in his office of
Kefident and Poft-mafter at Benares ; we however think
proper to declare, that though we mean by this order
to do an ad of public juftice, we by no means intend it
as a mark of disapprobation of the conduct of Mr. Gra-
ham, whom we believe to be a very deferving fervant
of the Company.

No.



( 9 )



No. IX.

Extratt of Bengal Public Confutations, tie 2otb July,
1778. Prefent, the Governor General, and MeJJrs.
Barwelly Francis 9 andWheler.

READ the general letter, dated ^oth January laft,
received from the Hon. the Court of Directors by
the Grofvenor and Ofterly.

Par. 65, 66, and 67. Governor General. I mud re-
queft that the board will fufpend the execution of this
order. The fpirit and intention of it is evident, and
publicly known both in England and here. With
thefe confiderations in view, my confent to the recal of
Mr. Graham would be adequate to my own resignation
of the fervice, becaufe it would inflict fuch a wound in
my authority and influence, that I could not maintain
it. In the courfe of a few days we may expert to hear
of the refolutions which have been taken by our fupe-
riors, and of the appointments which have been made to
fill the vacancy occafioned in this government, by the
death of the late Sir John Claveriug. Thefe will be
likewife decifive cf my own fituation in the fervice. I
need not fay more to urge the propriety of fufpending
the execution of this order of the Court of Dire&ors^
Mr. Thompfon, in his letter from Marfeilles, dated the
1 8th of April, mentions that a packet, containing the
news of the General's death, had been difpatched to
London from that port, from his Majefty's agent there^
feven days before, and it is probable that the Swallow
carried this intelligence earlier. We may therefore ex-
peft, that the Caranja, which was to depart from Suez
immediately on receipt of the confirmation of the war,
will bring us thofe decifive orders which I look for;
and thefe may arrive to-morrpw, or in the courfe of
very few days.

Mr. Francis. The Court of Diretfors order Mr.

Francis Fowke to be immediately reiuftated in his office.

C To



( 10 )

To fufpend the execution of fuch an order is to difobey
it. In another part of the fame letter (par. 41) they
fay, " We can on no account permit our orders to be
" difobeyed, and our authority difregarded." When
the Company's orders to me are clear and pofitive, I do
not deem myfelf at liberty to with-hold my obedience to
them on any confideration whatever ; unlefs a new fi-
tuation of affairs unknown to, and unforefeen by, the
Court of Directors, fhould make it imprafticableor dan-
gerous to carry them into execution : I am therefore
againft the motion.

Mr. WTieler. I am of opinion that the order fhould
be immediately carried into execution.

Mr. Barwell. While Mr. Haftings is in the govern-


1 3

Online LibraryEast India CompanyExtracts from the records at the East India house, of proceedings relative to Mr. Francis Fowke, resident of Benares : in the appointment and re-appointment of him to that residency, and his first and second recall from thence → online text (page 1 of 3)