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Letters received by the East India company from its servants in the East (Volume 2) online

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came, I perceived all the goods, as well that appertaining to your
Worships as his own apparel etc. had been carried before the
king, which having viewed he took such things as liked him,
and sent the rest back to the house again. For the things which
he took, according to the cost they were priced (as dead men's
goods are) something under value, and at my suit the moneys
was paid unto me, whereof I sent account to the Agent, where
Mr. Canning standeth charged with the goods delivered him ;
and for those things which appertained to him in particular part,
I have sent down (his clothes etc. remaining in Agra).

The businesses committed to Mr. Canning were, to procure
the king's seal to the articles agreed on betwixt the chiefs of
Suratt and the General Tho. Best, to procure a fit place for our
shipping to ride, and there to fortify for defence against the
enemy, and lastly an answer to the king of England's letter.
Of these nothing was effected, neither had Mr. Canning confer-
ence with the king, but only that day when he delivered his
present, and was referred unto Mocrob Chan, a nobleman in this


court, for answer and despatch to his businesses. This Mocrob
Chan is governor of Cambaya (whom Sir Henry Middleton, Cap-
tain Hawkins and divers English have had ezp of) unto
whom I was also referred in the selfsame manner. At this time
the king was preparing to Bet forth for this place where he now
is, and from hence hath sent one of his sons, Sultan Chorom,
with an army of 20 thousand horse for the fetching in <»f the
Rana, an Indian Prince lure in the mountains, whom none of
his ancestors could bring to obedience ; l>y means whereof I
constrained t<> follow the court for answer to the aforesaid busi-

which .six months I did and still delayed by the afon
Mocrob Chan, sometimes contending about tl. taken by Sir

Henry in the Red Sea, l>ut most times, and ever with a pleasing
conclusion, that all should he effected to our content. In the in-
terim Ik re. >f the P< irtingals took a ship belonging to Suratt valued
at 8 or goo thousand dollars, capturing all their young and a'

people; whereupon the king ordained Mocrob Chan to repair to
Suratt and there, if not by peace with wars, to se.k restitution.
Before his departure I laboured much with him and other nobles
for the effecting of our said businesses, but as he formerly in par-
ticular, so now they in general answered that the king's seal to
the articles were needless, for that the firman already given rati-
fied in express words the same, but for the rest they promised to
assist me in my petition to the king, which when I delivered, he
answered it should be effected, and accordingly a firman
delivered unto Mocrob Chan authorising him to give convenient
place to the English to fortify in, provided it might redound to
the profit of the king etc. Mocrob Chan being departed, I
received from Surat the copy of our king's letter in English and
Portuguese, which I got translated into the Persian tongue and
delivered it the king, supplicating his answer thereunto, who
willed my attendance the next day, where when I came he ap-
pointed me to repair unto Mocrob Chan, for that he had given
him order to effect all things to our content, and though I urged
that Mocrob Chan could give no answer to our king's letter, yet
I prevailed nothing; but, giving me a vest and a horse, he
licensed my departure undemanded. At this time here came
unto me one Richard Steele an Englishman, that came from


Aleppo in company of Richard Newman, in the pursuit of John
Midnall, who with a cavidall of goods and monies appertaining
to some particular merchants of your Worshipful Company fled
from Perseia to come into the Indies, but the said Newman over-
took him at Tombaz, near the confines, and carried him back
again to Espahaune (Ispahan), where he received from him in goods
and monies the value of some nine thousand dollars, giving him a
full discharge from all future demands ; which ended, Midnall
undertook again his journey into these parts, and Steele upon
some discontent betwixt Newman and him left him, and came
along in the company of Midnall, who falling sick at Lahore,
he left him there also, and came hither unto me, where failing
of his expectation he returned back to Agra, there to attend
MidnalPs coming.

My licence by the king thus given, and receiving letters from
the Agent to repair down, I departed accordingly, advising
Mr. Aldworthe of the past concerning Midnall, whose coming
hither was expected, for which cause I left my linguist behind me
to advise of his proceedings, who about a month after my depar-
ture came to Agemere very sick, whereof having advice, I being
then in Amadabaz, Mr. Aldworthe wrote me to return to Age-
mere, and sent me his letter of attorney in your Worships' behalf
to prosecute against Midnall for the rest of the goods. Where
when I came I found him at the point of death, lodged by the
Jesuits in the house of a Frenchman that is here in the king's
service, and the same night departed this life, having disposed his
goods by testament unto two bastard children which he hath in
Perseia begotten of an Indian woman at his former being here,
and made this Frenchman his executor, who promised to marry
his daughter and bring up his son. The king at that time was
a-h'unting, at whose return, eight days after Midnall's death, I
sued unto him to have the goods deposited until it might be
known who had best title thereunto, which he granted, and
though the Frenchman's house were searched and himself im-
prisoned and disgraced, yet all that was found amounted but
to some five hundred pounds or thereabouts, the greatest part
whereof is ready money, proceed of goods sold here at 50 per
cent, less than their value (and cost more in Perseia than sold


for), which money?; and goods the Jesuits, Frenchman etc. labour
With presents and their lust friends to regain the Mine, proffering
the one half to procure the other, alleging the children's right
and the discharge given Midnall by Mr. Newman, which they
have extant in English and Portuguese, witnessed by friars,
Armenians and English. So I am constrained to give presents
also and promise more to defend the Bame, and have hope that
upon the receipt of such letters from Suratt as I have ad\ : 1
Mr. Aldworthe to procure, to get it into my possession, which
obtained I shall see if anything more may be had from the
I ehman.

Mr. Aldworthe upon my advice made up 500/. by exchange to
be invested in indigo, and, beta I •• 1 alone, he sent Nicho.
Withington to assist me, who coming np by another way I wrote
him to stay in the 1 i near Agra where indigo is m

where he hath delivered the part of th<' said sum before" to be pud when ind idy, which is a custom and

the cheapest course of buying; at the receiving, God willing, I
purpose to be there.

In November 1613 the Expedition arrived at Laurebander,
the port of Sinda, and there disembarked Sir Robert Sherley
and his company, at which place there are continually res:
many Portingals, by whose plots and persuasions the port
governor denied our people trade, by which means they departed
towards Pryaman etc. without knowledge of our factory
Suratt; after whose departure Sir Robert sought fa into

Perscia, but was by the governor detained for the king's answer,
wherein being delayed he attempted his departure without
license, but was fetched back again, one of his people slain, and
the rest beaten and robbed. Few days after, the king's letter
came, commanding the governor to treat him courteously, to give
him assistance and send him to the Court, who now fearing the
event of the injuries done conspired with the Portingals to mis-
chief the English, which they put in practice and in the dead of
night some 40 or 50 of them with pots of powder and suchlike
provision burnt their house, yet in the end they were cxpulsed
without effecting their purposes. Sir Robert being come to this
court complained of all these wrongs. The king used him cour-


teously, and willed his stay two months for satisfaction and to
see justice done on the offenders. The governor's house, by the
king's command, was sacked and himself clapt in irons, but the
Portingals went from thence. Sir Robert having stayed here
three months, ten days past departed towards Agra, purposing
from thence to proceed on his journey for Persia, the king
having given him at times since his coming hither some 12,000
rupees in money, and half as much more to him and his wife in
jewels, yet he discontented, for [he] demanded 100,000 rupees for
his losses, which the king seeing unreasonable answered that his
ambassador now going should answer it unto the king of Perseia
etc. The English that came with him since their landing are all
dead, an apothecary only excepted, who left his service also.

Concerning the wars twixt this people and the Portingals I
refer me to Mr. Aldworthe's writing, who is near there where it is
in action, and therefore can best advise of the likelihood of the
event. The king here hath caused the Jesuits' churches to be
shut up, debarring them from public exercise of their religion and
hath taken their allowances from them, yet their goods untouched,
the merchants and their goods embargoed, the ports shut up and
no passage by sea. The Vice-king, as is reported, proposeth to
be at the bar of Suratt with shipping to intercept the English
expected, as also to work some exploit against this people if
peace is not concluded. God grant that all things sort to a good
conclusion, etc.

In our general letters to your Worships we wrote you what
goods were vendible in these parts and advised for 1,000 broad-
cloths, whereunto we were encouraged by the speedy sale of that
we brought ; yet since my coming hither Mr. Aldworthe adviseth
me that those left sell very slowly, and sent me some musters to
show here, but they are blues and sad colours, so will not sell at
any hand ; if reds, greens, yellows and such light colours they
would soon be put off, for great quantities are here used. Sir
Robert Sherley brought some 300 covados, most stamells and the
rest light colours, and sold them altogether at 14 rupees the
covado, which is 120 per cent, more than they cost in England.
I see no reason I should discourage you from sending quan-
tities, for abundance is here used and they much desire Christian


cloth. Notwithstanding, seeing they an rdinary addicted

to novelties and soon satisfied, I wish that in your first shipping
you send not past four or five hundred, which being once dis-

I in these countries, we shall have more certain expeii
how to advise futurely. i must be had in tl 'ness

of cloth and colour. Tl lose-wrought and thick cloth

yel soft in handling (such as i^ the Venice cloth, which they
esteem above ours), for they use it in coverings for elephants,
camels, coa< ' No Coarse cloth at any hind, for

here is abundance made cheaper than to be had in England*
For all other commodities both for quantity and quality, 1 i
your Worships to our genera]

And for the better continuance of your factory here it is
requisite thai a lieger be sent to be continually resident in this
court, and if possible that he have either the Persian or the
Turkish tongue so facile to have audience at his pleasure, which
otherwise is more difficult and less effectual, and whom you send
should by your Worships be appointed for that business, which
will cause his esteem the betti t here, an 1 with him such a pre-
sent as is fit for the greatness of this prince, in the name of the
king of England. For Mr. Canning at the delivery of his ;
sent, being willed to speak the truth, answered the letter he
brought was from his king and the present from the merchants,
whereof the Jesuits being present made a sinister construction to
the king. The cloth the king looked not on it, only a glass,
knives, a pair of gloves, and such toys he was delighted with.
Some rich cloth of arras or tapestry in my opinion were fitter,
sword blades of the country fashion, fair knives in pairs and
otherwise, rich looking glasses, fair pictures, or anything that is
rare. Sir Robert Sherley amongst divers toys presented him
with a standing striking clock of silver which had in it other
pretty inventions ; it is worth some ioo/., but the king greatly
esteemeth it. Your lieger must be well furnished with t
though of small value, thereof to present something upon all
occasions at proffering speech to the king, and to present nobles,
and if you send half a dozen of coloured beaver hats, such as our
gentlewomen use, they will be liked, for the king demanded for
such things of me for his women to wear a-hunting ; and one or


two rich hats for himself, white or some light colour, for his hunt-
ing journeys would be esteemed.

And lastly concerning myself, you may be pleased to under-
stand my wages agreed on in England was 50/. per annum,
whereof the one third hath been allowed me here for provision of
necessaries, and at my coming forth per appointment of the wor-
shipful Governor I received 12.1. 10s., which in regard I had
nothing given me towards my setting forth as divers had, I hope
you will be pleased to remit the same and not account it in part
of wages unto me, wherein I presume on your favours, consider-
ing the continual dangers we are subject unto in this painful
employment, wherein my share hath not been the least, though
hitherto God hath preserved me. And being that since my en-
tertainment three years is near expired, I do entreat that the two
thirds of my wages remaining, which is 100/. per the first ship-
ping for these parts may be employed for my account with the
general stock of that voyage, and registered in your accounts, that
so, if it please God to permit my return voyage, I may have some
fruit of this so dangerous employment, wherein as occasions are
offered, according to the small ability which God hath given me,
I will do my utmost for the effecting of what is committed unto
me. And thus with my best devotion for your Worships' con-
tinual preservation and fortunate success in all your affairs, I
commend you to the grace of Almighty God and rest

Your Worships' humblest servant,

Tho. Keridge.


1 66

Thomas K< I ^ir Tho. Smith.

l ■ r way of Musi lepatan.

Laus Deo in Agemere the sotfa ofSepteml

[GHT Worshipful and honoured Sir,

Mv humble duty prefixed etc. Bj our steward,
An. Starkey, I wrote a few lines onto your Worship,
then oot having time f'»r other; and since in March
161a another more large, the copy whereof herewith I send. Since
which time Mr. Canning, appointed for Agra, su after his

coming thither departed this life, to effect whose I the

Agent etc appointed my repair to the court, where what pa 1
with me 1 have advised in the 1 ttei to the Worshipful

Company, whereunto I refer me.

Perusing some writings of Mr. Canning's, I find that in a par-
ticular letter unto your Worship he hath untruly and dishonestly
written of mc, in saying I spent much time in employing
for the General's proper account and consequently neglected the
affairs of the Worshipful Company; the truth whereof I will
declare. The General after his return from the last fight with the
Portingals sent a man of his ashore to invest some 200/. in blue
baftas for the southwards, writing to Wm. More and me to assist
him therein, which for certain days was neglected, whereupon he
sent mc a sharp reproving message, for that himself came not to
the town. So I assisted his man in bargaining for the said parcel
of goods wherein no extraordinary time could be negl< cted, for in
two days his man got it aboard, which refusing t<> hive done I
might have made myself incapable of any employment here.
Mr. Canning through his evil disposition and contention with all
men was kept aboard and therefore envied those whom he saw
employed, and thinking I had informed against him to your Wor-
ship he wrote thus of me, that mine of him might be thought to
proceed of envy, and therefore proclaimeth me his enemy, which
God knowcth I was not ; only I refused to join in contentious
humours with him, and when Starkey was dispeeded I was


employed in all business, so had not time to write,- besides my
disposition not that way inclined, otherwise I might have observed
his many disorders, his contentions with the master of his ship,
almost tending to the ruin of their voyage, his ill government
aboard and ashore, given to drink, and after the ship's departure
his falling out and abusing of Mr. Aldworthe and me, plotting
with his people, but they would not consent, to have done me a
public disgrace, for opposing myself to his unjust demand for
swords which were given away in presents, whereof I kept the
account. And after his uncivil departure proffering to have
struck Mr. Aldworthe with his pistol was not ashamed to send
us word by one of our own company that if we had not given
him full satisfaction in monies and otherwise at his dispeeding he
purposed and so had [plotted ?] with his people to have bound us
and taken what he had listed to the [utter] disgrace of our busi-
ness. In these and many other things he showed his ability in
profession to be dissimulation. I could write much of him, but
he, I hope, is with God, and that through Christ all is remitted
unto him.

Sir, in my general letter I am a suitor to your Worship and
the Company that the wages due unto me may be employed with
the general stock in the first shipping that cometh for these parts.
And also before my coming forth I received 12/. 10s. towards
provision, which I hope they will be pleased to remit unto me,
wherein I desire your Worship's favourable furtherance. And for
that I have not anything to advise more than hath already been
written, I recommend my prayers for your good health and happy
life, which ended eternal felicity ; and so will ever rest

Your Worship's most in duty,

Tho. Keridge.

in lAST I S

m Denton 10 tl 1 t India C

I t ' ■

r- , 5th o. • 1 }.

[Gl IT W rshipful, my hum!
finished etc. Having departed Bantam tl

• •'•

after ahi] ' ' ' !M,-r

plat ea (h i\ ing •.:■ ild mint tl G

pasting through 1

the - jrd Jon I the shi]

China junk

with all hononi ' ntent l>y th< \ pie,

delivered his If ajest) r, obtaining we required, only

confined to SOCh orders atul r ; 1'

before us had l>p>u^ht in, aa <>f S

rent-;, etc. ; thej ht aa p: lents in all i

With all expedition having built a godown eight f I
4 broad ami eg hast high, b bout an : tiles,

without any -. ing Mr. Fl ! in

the ship for Sinn the 4th August, keeping all the way a
shore because of th rly monsoon afl ad tun

setting over to Camboja side.

In Patanie we l'>st our good shepherd, that v. • I worthy
gentleman Captain Hippon, and in his pi.
Dutchmen Tho. Essington, not without mti and SOU

ing. The 16th ditto we arrived in Siam 1 hi with

some blacks interpreters departed with a' skiff into the river,
where rowing up some 20 miles came to a town called P.ancope
(Bangkok), the governor whereof received me with all kin'
and providing me a prow with all nece— : I I part I for the
city, some 100 miles from the ship, where to the ^'reat content of
the king and the people I was rec« I lining all I

with much honour, and presently returned accompanied with



three noblemen and the governor of Bancope himself, with prows,
galleys and provisions, to fetch up his Majesty's letter. The
24th I returned aboard, and things being provided returned all
into the river and the ultimo arrived at the city, where we were
honourably received, delivered his Majesty's letter, obtaining a
fair stone house, three stories high, eight fathoms long and five
broad, with a place thereto very convenient, contrary to the
opinion of the Dutch, who would give us ten godowns if we
obtained that and the place. Through the long delays of the
Mandarins being long delayed ere we could deliver his Majesty's
letter, waters high, that being the 25th October ere the goods
came up, wars and rumours of wars in the country, whereby no
hope being of procuring any capital, departed the 3rd November
1612 out of Siam bay for Patanie, if it might be to save the mon-
soon that year to the Coast.

The nth arriving in Patanie and finding small sales made, no
goods nor capital ready for a Coast voyage, besides, if all had
been, the monsoon so far spent that we could not double the point
Radaught 36 l[eague]s S.E. and by E. half E. from Patanie, so
they resolved to winter here, sending with [the] first for Siam
news thereof, whereby to provide against next year, but the road
contrary by sea and waters high by land, found no passage till
the 16th February, when I departed in a junk thither, and arrived
with the junk up to [the] city walls the prime March, the waters
then ebbing and flowing 20 miles above the city up to Pussolucke
(Pitsanooloke?) the passage to Langjange (Luang Praban). Here
was as poor sales as at Patanie. Mr. Lucas had sent Tho. Samuel
and Tho. Driver with a Moor up to Zangomaye (Kiang-mai), with
goods as per invoice inclosed, from whence he had some hopes to
receive return. The 25th March anno 1613 arrived the skiff to
the house, the 13th at night having left the ship, which departed
Patanie the 17th ditto, steering right over N. and N. by W.,
being the better at this time of the year. Here I found two Japan
junks which had obtained trade perforce, only prohibited to come
without licence within the walls ; for breach whereof eight were
killed in one day, all Japonners. Of the one a Dutchman that
was cast away with Mr. Adams at Japan called John Yooson was
Captain, and another of the said voyage merchant in the other
Y 1268. 1


called Melchor Van Sandford. These brought most bar
plate, with some camphor and boxes. Of them I learned of the
root Ningira which is worth 15 rials the catty. II' re they bought

each another junk, lading from hence most hid
Hides were dear, to and 11 taels the hundred, being ordinarily
at 4 and 4! ; wood at 65 pecuis b Ivcr, having before

been less thai tty. John Yooson through default of

his merchants could not lade both his junks, so requestin
Mr. Lu< is and Martin Hautman, the Dutch m . freight

to lade him, they granted to lade him with wood at 45 per 1

'it and obtained credit of the k i 1 1 ^ for six months.
Mr. Lucas at first resob I tnd me, but capital found small,
Mr. Adams alive, 1 ityat th< I I I . altered his opinion.

Th<- ioth of May they d I forth of t! Siam,

being the lati st they may stay, for doubling the p oin t Camboja
(Cambodia) per experiei thers that departed June. Then

Mr. Lucas would have Bent for Zhangomaye, but] being w
and 1 st< >pp< d 1 vented.

The Captain remainii 1 in the bay all this while, where

through idleness main mischiefs and plots ware hatched, as
proved coming to Patanie.

Mr. Lucas, having wrought all possible means as time would
afford for a capital, procured in money and goods per in\
enclosed some 12,500 rials (from Zhangomaye he had neither
goods nor news), with which the 5th September he came
The 6th a court called, some matters were heard ; but he, seeking
to depart quietly, sought only to make all friends, which he did
in outward shows at least. Which done the <)th at night set sail
and the 23rd ditto arrived again in Patanie road, where the Cap-
tain did so long persist (grounded I think in their re solutions
taken in Siam bay) that he hath given a scar in the English credits
in P [atanie] for ever; and if Mr. Floris' patience and counsel of
others had not prevented, he had utter ily] overth rown] the
Globe's voyage and the hopes thereof, and the English trade to
these parts etc. Albeing upon private respect to discredit those
two worthy men, whose intents are honest, complotted by him and
Mr. Skinner, the one sworn to uphold and die by the other,
against all right and order of justice, disgracing, displacing


masters, pursers, stewards, leaving never an officer but themselves
at their own pleasure without any consent of council etc. to the
great prejudice of your Worships' ship and voyage ; example,

Online LibraryEast India CompanyLetters received by the East India company from its servants in the East (Volume 2) → online text (page 11 of 35)