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except that first and before all Mr. Floris would swear, vow,
and promise, that Skinner should be absolute master and that
Mr. Johnson should not come in the ship but go in the pinnace
for Bantam and also write of Mr. Johnson as he did, there was
nothing to be done but for Bantam, not so much as a meeting ;
the which all being granted by Mr. Floris, a parley was obtained
under sureties aboard the Dutch pinnace. Which being with
much disgrace and loss of time passed over, we employed the
money brought from Siam in mace, sudary (zedoary?), benjamin,
lead, etc. and with a capital of 20,000 rials in goods, having been
here upon the coast about sixteen months, departed for the Coast
of Coramandle the 21st October 1613 with 46 men, having sent
away that ancient, experienced and worthy (for his service to his
country) wise man Mr. John Johnson of whom having such need,
contrary I will prove to the goodwill of Mr. Floris, Mr. Lucas or
me, without any respect of the voyage, his years, necessity of
time, dangers of passage, or that he was a man more than
four(?) (as I shall and will maintain unto your Worships) for
private respect and hatred. We left here for want of others
Wm. Ebert, Mr. Floris' cousin, and Robert Littlewood, purser,
with Ralph Cooper, not to leave the place void but to reserve for
another supply. We passed between the famous rock the little
Pedro Branco and the Point Jantana. The 8th November we
passed the one [?] strait of the first strait or Singapouren, and the
10th the other. The 18th ditto we anchored in sight of Malaca,
and continued in sight thereof before we passed Cape Rachado
2 or 3 days, where through the rumours in Patanie of a fleet we
daily expected the arrival of some, but not so much as a fisher
boat appeared. The 28th ditto we watered ashore at Pulo Pinan
(Penang) on the W. and by N. side. It stands in 5 16' N. lati-
tude. The water taken in ship, we sprung a leak, 24 inches in
4 glasses. The 29th set sail and the 6th December anchored
under Pulo Sambolan the great (Great Nicobar ?) in y° 42'.
From thence finding the N.E. and by E. wind come, sailed N.W.
for the Islands Citra Andamon (Little Andaman ?), where we had

1 2



Ii6

a son- st<»rm, hulling t. ith the ing of the

E. monsoon. The 12th \ Ic some mi' fair

ling 1 j. [3 and [8 fathoms, bearing np N. two miles of no
ground; so steering in W. and W. by N.. toward
the Islands and made th< ; Duncan Pa , which is in

about ii° 20'. At 8 o'clock we pas ed it and, bringing the
[stands 1..N.1 .. '1 N.W. away, keeping ap to the north?
because of tin in nt oow Betting oul of the Gull

The [8th at oighl we found Bhoal water, and in the morning the
land fair by us, 1 N . At night we anchored in

Masulpatam road, where we found the J Lines, two Duto h ships,
and a ship of the M 1 . l>uilt al '• ly laden and

bound for Mocha, the James also in good forwardness bat in

t troubles with tin <. . rnor and people etc and worse
amongst themselves, the Captain holding house by himself, the
merchants another, and, as thej ippointed of their 1:

by that means; yet by their enti 1 I in behalf the worship-

ful Company, we wrought 1
credits for their d< match, and bappy it was for the James that

those epicure-. |eWS and horse leeches had got another suhjei t to

work upon. With all expedition landing our goods per in\
enclosed, the Captain went to vi>it Narsapourpeta, from whence
he gave us assured hope of the ship's entrance into the river,
taking that charge wholly upon him, to the great content of
Mr. Floris and me. The market we found but reasonable for
vent of our commodities, the James being so fate with the
that we brought. For our lac, sappan, and benjamin, it
come a little sooner before the Mocha ship had been laden and
ready, it had been ready gold. Vet the market is profitable and
commodity will vent ; only the mace through tin- great quantity
by us brought and in the Dutch hands, is both little profit and
worse vent, I fear. The prices of all the goods made before I
departed I have sent enclosed to your Worships, with the note
of sorts of goods most proper and profitable at the Coast of
Coramandle. Mr. Floris and I resolved that in regard of the
tapies we should have of the James for the money disbursed for
her clearing the country, and of those by him provided for Ban-
tam, to employ the whole remainder of the capital upon the Coast



EAST INDIA COMPANY'S RECORDS 117

in cotton, white yarn from 15 to 50 pagodas the fardel (which
is 50 viss), indigo, fine calicoes, fine Bengala cloth, tocas, etc.,
relying upon the said goods laden in the James for the providing
of pepper ready at Bantam against her coming thither, with
God's help, in October or November next, anno 1614, and there
to receive the proceeds of the stock left there by her with
Mr. Spalding, with that sent to Macasser and what should come
from Patanie and Siam, with which if God bless her there is no
fear but she will return home a rich ship. Howsoever, if please
God send her home, she will make an honourable and a valuable
voyage, by her experience gotten of the Indies. There it was
thought generally good by all the merchants of both ships, as
Mr. Floris' letters to Captain Marlowe will show, for the better
furtherance of the James' voyage, for me to proceed in her for
Patanie etc., George Chauncey staying in my place, whereto I
was most willing, being thereby I might show my duty through
my service unto your Worships. So having despatched all for
the James through Mr. Floris' means as before and agreed to
pay him in coarse tapies at 2^ pagodas the corge, freight free, or
i\ freight remitted to your Worships, the 2nd February we
departed from Masulpatam at evening for Petapoli and arrived
there the 3rd at night, where new questions growing, Captain
Marlowe, already forgetting the pleasure received, grudges the
benefit the Globe may receive by them in carrying the goods for
Bantam, and would not stand to our agreement, but would have
only the goods bought of them freight free and the other to be
remitted. I answered I thought it would be more pleasant unto
your Worships to remit all considering the Globe being the guide,
and would not consent but either to remit all or none. In the end
concluded all freight free, the tapies at 2%, the which upon closing
of the account came to 16J fardels (is 325 corge) as per invoice
enclosed, the which were all consigned to me to order and sell at
Bantam, with order to clear all the accounts at Bantam, drawing
them to a head, which I have done, both the goods left there
with Mr. Spalding and brought thither by Tho. Brett.

The 6th February anno 1613 we embarked all aboard in Peta-
polie road, jumping e'en with the Globe's departure at her first
being there.



nS EAST INDIA l\rs RECORDS

If the private trade continue as it is begun in the James, the
le of cloth from tl: I I cannot endure, both spoiling

employments in the * -n* - place as I I All

I and every man would thin'.. • a Irving, \<t there is ;i n

and not to overthrow a whole trade for making hut a return I
Bantam to the ( ad back, having any reasonabl

presently he able to I ide a ship with pepper per tA\
At f irsl | I nothing hut the F tl i iptain's love

to merchants : that if than h< had not I

Mr. Gonrney and Mr. Cobb hid been in the hill" loing

your Woi -hip-.' busii bore, 1 Iling th<- Captain &c.oi

ting tl: >bb for th.ir

misbehaviour in their drunkenness ashore in your Word; ; ;

and yet neither of them complained. 1 beseech your v.
ships consider of it, and thrnk • bo are worthy to be put

in trust and charge with youi Worships' goods and their conn*
: lit ashore, 1" in d with 1

may brook to be 1, upbraided, dishonoured and accou

a slave and servant to him that, knowing nothing that belon|
a merchant, scorns and disdains the name of merchant. The
loss hereby is secret, working effects in the hearts of all thai
our government, for what shall my word- work when the person
is not esteemed by the finding of want <<\ power to perform,
which they quickly find, as with experience the James hath paid
for it at Masulpatam etc.

Thus with the discontents of that worthy, ancient, grave and
wise gentleman and a tedious passage, the 19th April anno :
we arrived at Bantam even in the tail of W. monsoon. Neither
is it to be put so in hazard by coming so late from the Coast,
primo January being a good time. At Bantam we found
Mr. John Jourdain captain of the house and chief of the Sixth
Voyage ; the Dragon, Expedition and Clove gone home that
for England, most with pepper; and the Osiander, Mr. Edward
Christian captain and Nathaniel Samuel master, was at Jacatra
a-trimming, being come from Ticoue and that coast of Sumatra.

Six China junks came this year with good store of silk. The
English and Dutch at first made a show to join in buying to-
gether, but taking no effect each did his best. Mr. Jourdain



EAST INDIA COMPANY'S RECORDS 119

bought about 60 peculs of raw silk and employed some 60,000
rials in all China commodities, besides what Mr. Ball and Mr.
Sheppard did each for his particular voyage.

Here we fell in consideration of our voyage. I gave my
opinion, the which is enclosed. The Captain after the viewing
of the ship calls his sea council and officers ashore, who found
the ship insufficient to proceed to the end of her intended voyage,
not able to go for Patanie, with many other doubts ; whereupon,
Captain Christian being come from Jacatra, we demanded in a
general court of merchants the Osiander to proceed upon our
voyage, being a ship fit for such an employment, offering to carry
home her lading of pepper in the James and to provide for the
sale and return of her goods left upon the coast of Sumatra,
showing them the project and intent of her employment, which
they all liked well, viz. : with God's leave from Bantam to Pa-
tanie, there despatching without stay for Siam, from whence, if
possible might be, now in this October to have proceeded for the
Coast of Coraman [del], and in her I should have gone chief for
the Ninth Voyage : there landing the goods to provide for ships
out of England and in her to have laden a 3 or 4,000 pagodas in
Java wares with which presently to have despatched her away
about January for Bantam again ; the goods at [the] Coast
should have been employed all in goods proper for England and
that at Bantam would have served to provide pepper for filling of
holes(?) ; from Bantam again presently in April for Patanie,
there taken what had been ready and gone for Siam, where a
full lading would have been ready provided for Japan, and in fine
[of] May have departed, where also she should have trimmed and
victualled again ; the which capital sent to Japan half equal with
that for the Coast, would have returned the stock complete
again, only trucking money for goods, to help away with the rest
of the goods ; whereby every [thing ?] would have been beforehand
and ready provided against your Worships' [ships] had come
forth of England to have cleared the Ninth Voyage with a rich
return etc. This would not be heard ; he would follow his com-
mission, except that Captain Marlowe would change places and
ships with him, which they more stood upon the profit of the
trade, the distinction of voyages, tho' I am persuaded the



no T INDIA COMPANY'S A'ECOKDS

parties all one adventurers cause an nnfelt hindrance, in this and
all things else, to the trade qow beginning is India. So the ship
resolved for Jacatra, there to trim and spend her time till the
vintage, getting do lading at pi | I r England, and we must
look out for junks. So landing all our Ja hich foe

th( James' account were few, and withal what we found n
fitting and proper for the place or Moluccus, to ra pita!

for the lading of the James at vintage with herovt etc.

Ship departed for Jacatra, we used all possible means to chop
up some bargain, off ring our ^«»<.ds upon trust to tin- Chine
pay in pepper at vintage, hut Done would hear of pepper, the
English and Dutch having engrossed almost all into their hands,
that we d raid i fifed nothing.

I think so many ships gone home with pepper that the English
will entreat one anoth< r's voyage for sale of their pepper, neither
do I think as 1 told them all that your Worships would send
forth this year at most above one ship expressrj for Bantam to

lade and home, but rather to spend forth some time, to pun I
a better lading than pepp r. If the pepper were engrossed gene-
rally it were an excellent way, but for one voyage to get upon
another doth not so well agree, etc.

As Captain Jourdain threat) aed me that I nor he that had
the Globe's goods should not have a sack of pepper, and that
when I was gone he would nail up my godown door, because,
according to my order (which I durst not break to follow his)
showed to all the merchants [I did leave my goods (being a
small quantity, and our necessity great) with another man than
himself, he having so much goods of the Sixth Voyage that
he knows not what to do with it, not able to keep it from rot-
ting etc., besides the business of the Ninth Voyage, and also
some 2 or 300 corge tapies of his own, I think, which he bought
of Captain Marlowe, all which I hope with my honest and plain
endeavours is sufficient with my order in that case to clear me
of his greatness, your Worships being favourable therein, I having
been much wronged in the behalf of my place, and the Globe
her voyage hindered. Being all your Worships' servants and the
Globe most particular, your Worships will find the cause, etc.
Seeking for a junk but finding none for our purpose, Captain



EAST INDIA COMPANY'S RECORDS 121

writes of one at Jacatra which the owners asked, for freight alone,
1,400 rials to Patanie, besides a month to make her ready ; too
long for us to stay. With much ado writing, getting the James
to proceed, we presently resolved Mr. Cobb to stay here with
Captain Jourdain, and left an instruction and invoice (the copies
sent your Worships in the James) signed by Mr. Gourney and
myself; with us should proceed William Sheppard. The which
done, being ready to depart for Jacatra, were advised by
General de Butt of the dangerousness of the passage, and not to
proceed in a prow, offering his ship, ready to depart ; so we writ
for ship, which coming would not depart before the company
had sold all their goods ; which done and many disputes of nam-
ing a successor to Mr. Gourney ended, the gth of June at night
we set sail out of Bantam road.

Touching the Globe's business etc. I found Mr. Johnson,
being refused to be carried home by General Best, first by him
sent in the Darling for the Coast, whither not obtaining her pas-
sage, returning to Bantam, her voyage by General Saris was
altered for Sacadania, Patania, Siam etc. ; in whom again went
Mr. Johnson, glad of opportunity to do your Worships service
anywhere.

John Parsons, who also came in her with Captain Jourdain
when he missed Sacadania coming from Macasser, returned
again in her with Mr. Larkin to look for his goods left behind
him in the junk. Thomas Brett who was sent with Parsons, and
went in the junk with the goods from Macasser to Sacadania I
found here, coming hither in a Dutch yacht after Parsons' depar-
ture for Sacadania in the Darling. Of him I received account
and such goods as he had in his hands and as himself said came
to his hands. Charge him I could not with anything of myself.
The invoice received with the capital sent by Mr. Floris are both
enclosed, which is all to be expected, Parsons having nothing left
him ; for Mr. Sheppard paid him upon his wages 36 rials at his
being here in Bantam for his necessaries. He [his?] accounts he
said to the merchants were in the junk and Brett affirms he had
them in his chest with him. I was in good hope to have found
him here but he stayed at Sacadania to return for Bantam in a
junk provided by Mr. Larkin etc.



ItJ EAST JXPIA O ; RECORDS

The goods 1- ft by as with Mr. Spalding the president tin
I found in the hands of William Sheppard, which he ;■
after the <!<■ Mr. I . into his i done, the whi h

goods sini e th.it time have snstaii
as per hi by him

appears. The remaind< i

In i hands, the whii h with that II bro

with me from th( I I . ha\ ing [joined all

in one wareh tt, leaving them all in the charge

of John Baylie who rth in the Expedition with Captain

Newp >it, ;1 and diligt nt man h

ing them all in one invoice and ly by us

both and left at Bantam for Mr. Floris, tl
for your Worships. I pray G i U to

arrive thither and home in England I Worshi]

amen, amen.

I am the briefer in this letter in L ft at

Bantam in tin- hands of the said J"hn Baylie, th< n in lai
plainly declaring of all thing the nature and conditioi I

all places where we 1 n. t<> my best skill and knowl<

directed to the right worshipful Sir Thomas Smith, knight, my
very good master.

With a fore wind and current in the stern, being the I
ning of the E. monsoon of the S. side of the equinoctial, we
i ed fair by Lucepara (Lucipara) and through the strait
Palamban (Banka) by the hill Manopine (Manoembing) in
of Pulo Pon Lingua (Lingga) and Bintam (Bintang) within Puk)
Tymon (Tioman) etc. fair by Pulo Tinge (Tii ing the small

island of I'am with a tree like a windmill on the top of it, and
coming with the islands Pulo Cupas. By mischance of standing
too far off to sea we were put off, finding a strong current setting
over to the N.E., yet wind favouring much soutrn-rlv we sailed in
W. to shore, and standing to shore seeing the Islands Radau^he
(Redang) kenned a sail, which proved the Darling bound for
Patanie. Welcome she was to us, having much wished and
desired to meet her etc. In her was Mr. Robert Larkin, chief
merchant, and one Benjamin Farie, merchant. Mr. L. Harwood,
master, and old Mr. Johnson. Parsons as before was left in



EAST INDIA COMPANY'S RECORDS 123

Sacadania. She had relieved the factories at Sacadania and Som-
base, but diamonds by report are hard to come by. The 29th we
anchored in the road of Patanie, finding those three persons left
by us in the Globe all in health, having employed that small
capital that was in benjamin. The people wonder that hitherto
we never could compass to buy any silk etc.

We used all our best endeavours and means we could to cease
the great Sombaye, offering to depart, but all could not effect,
they granting us leave rather to depart than forego that which is
a benefit proper unto themselves ; in the customs of the queen
they offered to help what they could. I had conference with the
Dutch merchants upon it, who much commended our intents and
resolutions (glad of the occasion) willing [ ] which I granted

unto so that they who first began and were our precedents would
jointly enter the pursuit with us, otherwise it was to no effect,
but to give them the place alone etc. Hereafter as we find other
places something may be done, but at present we were forced to
consent and paid all, being 72 taels 06 mass, the tael now at 12^
rials (sic). Paying the customs after ship's departure for Soungor
(Sungora), they returned me in goods to the value here of 8 tael
05 a. 1 copang (at 12^ rials the tael is some 104^ rials).

The Darling departed for Siam the 30th July in the morning,
carrying with her 180 bales of cloth, Mr. Gourney, Wm. Shep-
pard and Tho. Brockedon merchants of the Ninth Voyage, also
Mr. Larkin and Mr. Farie ; and here it was thought fit by all in
general that I, Adam Denton, should remain for principal, leaving
with me for assistant John Johnson, a voluntary of the Tenth
Voyage, who came out with Paul Canning in the Osiander. Here
was landed in all sorts of goods, as per invoice sent your Wor-
ships underwritten by me, 40^ bales of cloth (whereof much
improper for the place) which cost at Coast 4,400 pagodas at
7 pagodas the seer (is 10 rials), a small capital to stand in such a
factory and all goods upon adventure of sale for employment,
market also so dead, as the Captain and all can testify, that
sale of cloth alone is not worth the factory. The main sub-
stance of the capital is gone in the Darling for Siam, the goods
being all properer and more vendible there than in any other
place etc.



124 BAST INDIA COMPANY'S RECORDS

In regard of the small capital, and being goods left at Bantam,

the little hope of money here, uncertain hope to expect from
Sum, and for the better securing of the fames her lading in
pepper, we borrowed here 3,000 rials of Mr. Larkin to be repaid
at demand with 10 per cent interest, we also to sustain such
losses as should accrue to hi-; voyage by the want thereof.
Sending it with the Captain, also we writ .ill jointly to Captain
Jourdain that if the goods at Bantam, money etc. sent from
hence wire nol sufficient to purchase her lading in pepper, then
that Mr. Jourdain would disburse and supply the want, upon
employment of the like sum here in Patanie, in silks or what
shall be by him required the next year.

We could not absolutely resolve upon our proceedings with
the stock or Darling till their o tming to Siam to Mr. Luca ; . o in-
cluding from hence with all expedition to seiul their resolution,
by land or by sea, which yel is not come, yet we intended her
from Siam with some goods for Camboja in fine September ; to
return for Siam in fine January; to be bete in August and the
line September or October anno 1615, by that time having pro-
vided a good capital for the Coast, which God grant, this
through troubles, bad markets and despatch of the James not
able to proceed.

I have sent your Worships the copy of the Court held in
Patanie, which the Captain ([the] Darling being gone), would
not sign unto, yet consenting in the Court to all things, seeking
his own glory with your Worships' servants' and factors' disgrace
and discouragement etc. For having at 'the] Coast of Cora-
mandle wrought and done the merchants all disgrace he could,
reporting them to be his men and he giving them money, which
the crafty people well perceived and made use of it, at sea would
have done more as before ; coming to Bantam sought privately
again with Mr. Jourdain and Captain Christian to displace
Mr. Gourney that the man had almost died, careless of himself
and fortunes ; coming to Patanie, all were too few to seek, as at
the Coast, commodity for him ; that till he, having ready money,
were full, your Worships' goods must lie still ; offering 2 taels
3 a. ready money at first coming a pecul for parcel of 30 peculs
benjamin, which we bought for 1 tael 12a. ; going for Soungore,



EAST INDIA COMPANY'S RECORDS 125

he left [blank] rials with William Ebert to employ, openly saying
in my hearing, that if he looked to have any favour from him he
must do for him, refusing otherwise to carry the Globe's goods
for Bantam ; the which he for fear of inconvenience to his voyage
received. The Dutch exclaimed against it, saying if the Com-
panies should join (as we have a report of Commissioners to have
passed about it) they would endure such open trade to the preju-
dice of them etc. I think it will hardly be effected. He coming
from Soungore, where he sought, to no purpose, to settle a fac-
tory and speak with the king, having neither means nor men,
which took effect accordingly as he went the clean contrary way
to work of himself, contrary to our opinions, William having
bought some 13 peculs benjamin for him, not contenting him, he
refused and would have of that of the best bought for your Wor-
ships, saying : " Why should not I take that for his money, as
Mr. Floris had their tapies for the Company ? " Again he, as
having the charge, says that he would not give his consent to
disburse any money for any commodity. I being about a little
pepper which by the Company's sending and running about [?]
from 12 a. to 22 m. the bahar, too unreasonable for me to buy, I
told him of it and my being about a parcel of silk ; but he never-
theless accounts them both with money, which if he had not been,
the benjamin and all I might have had in truck of goods and time
reasonable, but offering unreasonable prices and ready money
there was no place for me, to the hindrance of trade and dis-
paragement of the factors resident in [the] place. His saying
was he would have and take the benefit of his place and if it were
anything for your Worships' or his good he was content, joining
himself with your Worships etc. Ship coming from Soungore,
Mr. Davis having gotten some 2 tons of pepper gave it him and
promised that he would stow for him 6 tons, whereby all the



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