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with all your [affairs to the] holy protection of the Almighty etc.
From the [English ?] house at Firando in Japan, the 10th of
December, 1614.

Your Worships' most humble servant at command,

Ric. Cocks.

Inclosed I send your Worships a Japan almanac whereby you
may see their order of printing, letters and characters, and how
they divide the year into twelve months.








203

Richard Cocks to Richard Wickham, aboard the Sea Adventure,

at Cochi in Firando.

Firando, in Japan, the 10th December, 1614.

R. WICKHAM, I perceive per the words of Captain
Adams that he is sorry he was mistaken in advising or
writing against you as he did the other day. He tells
me you and he are very good friends and drank to-
gether this morning. I am heartily glad it is so and hope it will
continue, or that you for your part will give no occasion to the
contrary. I think this cold weather will bring in a northerly wind,
which God grant. I pray you commend me to Signor Ed. Sayer,
Signor John de Ocanano and the rest of our friends, and so rest
always,

Your loving friend at command,

Ric. Cocks.
I understand Mr. Eaton
is well received and spoke
to Fidaia Same before he went
to Sackay, who used him kindly.



EAST INDIA COMPANY'S RECORDS



223



204

Richard Cocks to Richard Wickham, aboard the

Sea Adventure, at Cochi in Firando.

Firando in Japan, the 10th December, 1614.

R WICKHAM, I thought you and Ed. Sayer would
have come to dinner, as I expected Captain Adams
would have done the like ; but your host came and told
me that foul weather stayed you. I send John Phebe
with a little fresh fish for you and Captain Adams, and did think
to have come myself, but that I am now writing to my country-
man Eaton, and think the way is foul if I should have come to
you per land. Commend me to Ed. Sayer, Signors John and
Damian. And so I rest

Your loving friend at command,

Ric. Cocks.





205

Richard Cocks to Richard Wickham, aboard the Sea Adventure,
at Cochi in Firando.

Firando in Japan, the 12th December, 1614.

R. WICKHAM, Captain Adams writes me he was your
guest at supper ashore. I wish many such meetings
may be, as well aboard, which would give me much
content, and so have I writ him. I send 30 loaves
fresh bread by John Japan, 15 for you and Ed. Sayer and 15 for
Captain Adams ; also two great sacks rice by John Japan for
you ; and I sent 22 great sacks rice before to Captain Adams, for
that he said the long stay of the junk caused the company to
desire it, of which you may take notice. I hope the wind will
be good in the morning, at which time the Holland ship meaneth




224 EAST INDIA COMPANY'S RECORDS

to come out, and God willing I will come and see you in her, if
you be not gone out before. Commend me to all good friends in
general, and the Lord send you a prosperous voyage and safe
return. Amen.

Your very loving friend at command,

Ric. Cocks.




206

A remembrance to be done per my good friend
Wm. Biddulph, viz. :

M PRIM IS, to call for these things out of the Custom
house :

One damask piece 5 foot long, which is in a black
case pinned with fourpenny nails.
More, 1 dozen of white hafted knives of 12s. per dozen.
More, 2 pair of knives of 4s. 6d. p [erj p [air] .
More, 1 knife of 2s. 6d.

Entered in the name of Tho. King these abovesaid.
More, 2 damask guns long.

More, 6 sword blades with scabbards to them, bound up in a
white woollen cloth.

More, 5 pair fine hafted knives.

More, 4 sword blades wrapped in two linen pieces of cloth
next the hilt bound with thread.

Per these marks you may know all those things that remain
in the Custom house, and do with them hereafter as I shall
write you more at large from Borocha.
More, 1 suit of apparel not yet finished.

Your friend to use,

John Oxwicke.




EAST INDIA COMPANY'S RECORDS 225

Wm. Biddulph to John Oxwicke in Barocha.
Laus Deo. In [Surat] the 12th of December, 1614.

OOD Mr. Oxwicke, Yours of the 7th I have received,
perceiving thereby you were informed by Mr. Ald-
worthe and Mr. Dodsworth that your things were out
of the Custom-house, which is altogether unknown to
me, having demanded them of the Customer many times, but as
yet they would not be at leisure to deliver them. Howsoever I
will not rest until I have got them out of their hands, but, for the
sending of them to you, without can find good company will let
them rest here, for the way is very dangerous. For the tailors,
have moved them oft to come to you ; but they answer they are
not used to travel so far afoot, and indeed the most and best are
at present aboard the General. Your suit of apparel is finished,
and so I will do with that and the rest of your things when they
come into my hands according as you shall give order in your
next, the way being very dangerous without good company. Thus
not remembering further at present, but pray you excuse me in
not writing oftener unto you, but, God willing, as occasion is
offered I shall be bold to trouble you. Praying for your health
and to bless and prosper all you take in hand, with my hearty
love to yourself, I commit you to the protection of the Almighty
and rest

Your loving friend to command,

Wm. Biddulph.



207

Thomas Elkington to John Oxwicke in Baroch.
Laus Deo. In Surrat, the 14th December, 1614.

OVING friend Mr. Oxwicke, Hearty commendations,
with desire of your health etc. My last unto you was
by the Nabob's peon, by whom according to your
order I sent you ten crooked sword blades, z\ covads
stammel and 2^ covads Venice red, not having any of that colour
you sent the muster of; the same I hope to come unto your

Y 1268. o




226 EAST INDIA COMPANY'S RECORDS

hands in safety. Two days past I sent you a letter from our
General by Mr. Biddulph's conveyance, wherein I doubt not but
he hath writ his mind touching your proceedings there, our hopes
now being that you are in some good forwardness with that
business, whereof we do long to hear ; but if you should find
them still to hold up their commodities at extraordinary rates, as
our General's opinion is, so I think it were very fitting you made
some certain semblance of coming away, whereby the sooner to
bring them to reason. For such moneys as Mr. Edwards gave
order to furnish you withal, whensoever you charge me withal,
your bills shall be paid at sight. Yesterday we received letters
from Mr. Thomas Keridge from Agemer and therewith a letter
from the Mogul to Mocrob Chan, but not to that effect we
expected, which was for our better usage, which would not be
granted for that Mocrob Chan had not written of our arrival, this
letter being for the sending up of the present without seeing of it.
So that we stand in some doubt, were it not that we fear it is too
publicly known that a letter is come unto us, whether to deliver
it or no, for that we think it will rather increase his spleen unto
us, for that he will suppose it was of our procuring, and good
none at all it can do, in regard what hath passed concerning the
present and that it is gone, as our General shall advise, to whom
Mr. Keridge his letters are directed. I will proceed. For sales
we find them very slow ; no great inquiry made after anything.
Our lead, quicksilver and vermilion we will now hasten hither
and then shall see what the time will bring forth. God grant we
may find it to content. Thus, with my hearty commendations to
Mr. Bayly Ball with Esay Butt, I commit you to God's holy
protection and rest

Your loving friend,

Thomas Elkington.




EAST INDIA COMPANY'S RECORDS



227




208

Richard Cocks to Richard Wickham, aboard the Sea Adventure,
at Cochi in Firando.

Firando in Japan, the 15th of December, 1614.
R. WICKHAM, I walked yesterday in the afternoon to
your lodging at Cochi, according as I informed you in
my letter per John Phebe I would do, but found you
were removed to the place where the junk is. So I
returned back, but sent Simon our juribasso to you with a dozen
of bread to be parted betwixt you and Captain Adams. I make
John Phebe did deliver you the two fishes and letter I wrote you
yesterday. He is now grown stately and will not serve in the
English house for comprador ; so he and I are parted. God
speed him well etc. If the wind be out of the way, I would be
glad of your company with Signor Ed. Sayer and Signor John
Ocanano. Signor Damian is here looking out for a caffro which is
run from his master ; he cannot choose but meet with him, for he
was in this house yesterday and is in town. I know not what
else to write, but end with hearty commendations to yourself and
the rest, resting

Your loving friend at command,

Ric. Cocks.



209

Richard Cocks to Richard Wickham, aboard the Sea Adventure,
at Cochi in Firando.

Firando, in Japan, the 15th December, 1614.

R. WICKHAM, Your letter dated this day I have re-
ceived with your barrel morofaco, for which I give you
thanks. I am sorry it was not my fortune to have
met you yesterday at Cochi. I do not marvel that
that fool, John Japan, playeth the ass, for I always esteemed him
a simple fellow. He is not here, for I have sent out to look for

Q 2




228 EAST INDIA COMPANY'S RECORDS

him ; and as I am given to understand he is gone in a bark for
sea. So I think he is gone for Langasaque. If any man have
played the fool it is I in trusting him too much. The Spaniards
have laid hands on the caffro and so may you tell Signor Damian,
if he be not come away before this come to your hands. George
our caffro saw him when he was taken. I have done your com-
mendations to Mr. Nealson. I make no doubt but Damian
delivered you the letter I sent you this day. That knave Simon
the caffro is not he I took him for. When he was sick I bade my
boy lend him a warm kerimon to walk up and down in till he was
well, but he gave it to a whore in this street, on whose back my
boy espying it took possession. . I also gave him a Surat coat of
allejas Amad [avad] which I saw upon the back of a Japan at
our door this day. In fine he is a knave and better lost than
found. I have bought a parcel of live freshwater fish, which I
mean to send to you and Captain Adams per first conveyance ;
unto whom I pray commend me if he be not come for Firando,
as I think he is. And so with hearty commendations in general
I leave you to the holy protection of the Almighty.

Your loving friend at command,

Ric. Cocks.




210

Thomas Elkington to John Oxwicke and Christopher Farewell.
Laus Deo. In Surrat, the 16th December, 1614.

j|0VING friends, Hearty commendations, with desire of
your healths and continuance thereof etc. My last to
you, Mr. Oxwicke, was of the 14th present wherein I
writ as cause served, to which do refer me ; since
which I have received two of yours, one of the 13th from Gagara
(Gajera, near Jambusar) and one of the 15th from Baroch, with
one from you, Mr. Farewell, of the same date, with letters from
our friends which you left at Brothera, being very glad to hear of




EAST INDIA COMPANY'S RECORDS 329

their safe arrival there, hoping that [ . . . . before ?] this they
are arrived at Amad [avad . . . . ] indigo, which being good
[ ] had been more ; but Mr. Edwards having advised you

to withhold it must be followed, and so you did intend, and to em-
ploy yourselves [in] the buying of the baftas, wherein you do well
to use all good stratagems to bring those crafty people to some
[ ] . Yet I hope ere this you have made some entrance

[ ] . And for the moneys Mr. Edwards hath ordered

you should charge [me ?] withal, as formerly I have writ, you
may do it whensoever or how much thereof you please, and your
bills, God willing, shall be paid at sight. The cloth and sword-
blades sent per the Nabob's peon I [now ?] understand you have
received the same. For the cloth I writ you not the price
thereof, for that I thought it had been given per Mr. Edwards.
As yet we have sold not so much as a covad of any cloth, but
our order is for the stametts at 25 mamoodies the covad and the
red 22^ mamoodies, the covad of this place being a yard within
an inch ; and that measure we have sent you, doubting whether
that of Baroche be so large or not. And as for the sword blades,
as I writ you we sell not the worst here for less than 40 ma-
moodies. Notwithstanding, being such a trifle, knowing better
than myself the Nabob's pleasure done to Mr. Edwards and what
more he may do unto you, may [decide ?] what you shall see
most [ ] not to expect a price to be set [ ]

business to your [ ] .

We here have news that [ ] Portugal frigates have

been at Goga and there burned 120 ships whereof ten great, the
Remew being one of them, and so are gone to some other place.
The people here are in very great fear of them and have re-
quested our General to ride at the bar with two of his ships, to
whom I have writ thereof, and I think he will do it. Thus, not
having others at present, I commit you and your affairs to the
protection of the Almighty, resting

Your loving friend,

Thomas Elkington.



230



EAST INDIA COMPANY'S RECORDS




211

Richard Cocks to Richard Wickham, aboard

the Sea Adventure, at Cochi in Firando.

Firando in Japan, the 16th of December, 1614.

R. WICKHAM, Your answer of my letter sent per
Martin I have received, perceiving how the hobgoblin
led John Japan through the mountains but I rather
take it to be his drunken nole, etc. I wrote you yester-
day how the Spaniards had laid hands on the caffro, which is
true ; but presently the king's brother sent for him and caused
him to be brought to his house and that the Spaniards should
attend his brother's pleasure until he returned from hunting.
They came to me (I mean the Spaniards) to crave my assistance
in the matter. I told them I was a stranger as they were ; yet at
their request I went to Oyendono and asked his opinion, but he
resteth doubtful of the matter. The reason is as he told me
because the Spaniards carried away our men the last year, not-
withstanding the king of this place wrote them and desired the
contrary, as Safiandono did the like, so it seems they mean to use
the same measure to them. It is said the king meaneth to
muster all his soldiers in barks by water this day and make a
great show. I wish you were here to see it and eat your part of a
neat's tongue to dinner. I know not what else to write but desire
the two buckets the fresh fish went yesternight in may be re-
turned. And so with hearty commendations to you and the rest,
I rest and remain

Your loving friend at command,

Ric. Cocks.





212

ERONIMO DE VARRADA, at Nangasaki, to the
English at Firando, Dec. ^f , 1614. (In Portuguese.)
[Missing.}




EAST INDIA COMPANY'S RECORDS 231

213

Raphe Preston to John Oxwicke in Barroch.
From Amedever (Ahmedabad), the 17th December, 1614.

JR. OXWICKE, My kindest salutes, with desire of your
health, etc. Your letter received with thanks for
your kind remembrance, wherein I wish requivolence.
Whereas you made account that Mr. Sandcrofte and
myself was at Brodra, for that there was none of that commodity
which was aimed at, as gumlac, it was thought fitting not to
leave any there, as Mr. Farewell our friend can inform you if he
have not already. For the news in these parts, such as they be,
understand briefly: for indigo, here is great store and cheap,
being offered the same for lod. the seer the best : but as yet have
gone through for none, but purpose very speedily to make a
partido for a great quantity ; and here baftas are reasonable, but
for anything I know they are minded to proceed in that place.
Some two days hence our friends go for Cambia, whither I should
have gone had not an accident happened, which I have touched
on at large in my letter to Mr. Farewell, which party, good Mr.
Oxwicke, understand aright. [He] is one that I dare assume is
no haggard to prey upon carrion. Mistake me not ; my meaning
is he will not seek his own where it tends to the disgrace of
another. You are both wise and both, I hope, will understand
yourselves. Oppositions have been always and will still be. You
are not alone, you have partners to sympathize with you. Rest
assured all will be for the best, and calumniators will one day be
made manifest. Well, I leave them in the meantime to God and
in the meantime wish patience ; and rest with my best well
wishes to you both and end,

Your loving friend,

Raphe Preston.

Pray you commend me to Mr. Ball,
Esay Butt and John your lad.



232



EAST INDIA COMPANY'S RECORDS




214

Thomas Elkington to John Oxwicke in Barochc.

Surrat, this 17th January, 1614.

R. OXWICKE, I heartily commend me unto you, etc.
Yesterday, by one of our peons that went with 18
fardles cloth and 4 cases bottles for Amadavar, I wrote
you a few lines and by him sent you sealed in a piece
of canvas 87 mamoodies 10 pice for our General. After which I
received yours per Bamond of the 15th present, wherein you
write to have sent from hence some of our packers, which after
much ado I procured and have sent you six. They are very un-
willing to come, fearing they shall not be permitted to work
there ; if so I was forced to promise them they should be paid for
their going and coming. And for that they have no house or
friends there, they desire they may lie in yours. Thus for present

God keep you.

Your loving friend,

Tho. Elkington.




215

A remembrance given to my good friend Christopher Farewell for
Baroch, the 19th of December, 1614, in Brothera [by Thos.
Mitford?].

OVING Friend Christopher, at your coming to Baroch,
whither God send you in safety, I pray you deliver
to Mr. John Oxwicke the letters which you carry for
him, the contents importing principally that whereas
the business being of import and little assistance there for the
performance of the same it is thought fit that yourself should
equally be joined with him in the performance thereof, which I
desire you would do with all carefulness for your own credit and
the general good, and that you both run in the same in an equal




EAST INDIA COMPANY'S RECORDS 233

yoke of friendship, which will be a principal furtherance to the
business. You carry with you a muster of calicoes of three sorts
with their prices, as they are here to be had ; but for that we
esteem them dear, and that the great plenty of them in all parts
of this country gives hopes of better pennyworths, you shall do
well to be very careful in your buying, for thereby much may be
advanced. But for that the time is short and we subject thereto,
you must proceed the best you may, of these sorts which you
carry with you. We have bought none but those sorts, expecting
advice from you by every occasion, and accordingly Mr. Ald-
worthe at his return from Amadavar will buy or leave in this
place. For indigo I wish you forbear to buy till Mr. Aldworthe
further advise you from Amadavar, for that it is hoped it will be
found better cheap than the musters that we saw at Baroche.





2l6

[Richard Wickham] to Richard Cocks in Firando.

Oxima (Amami Oosima, one of the Liu-Kiu Islands), December

the 23rd, 1614.

|OVING Friend Mr. Cocks, My heartiest commenda-
tions remembered, etc. Having a fair gale at N.N.E.
on Saturday, the 17th ditto, we set sail from the road
of Cochin (Cochi) with fair weather all the same day ;
but all the same night we had much lightning with much wind,
and the next day very foul weather so that we could not bear
much sail, being seven leagues to the southward of Mexma
(Me-sima). This morning our [ ? ] Firando leaks began to in-
crease, so that this day and the whole night following the Japan
men never left pumping and bailing in many places or petackas of
the hold. The 19th the storm increased so that we all doubted
to see any more land, our leaky junk having almost tired the
most part of the mariners labouring to heave out and pump the
water continually, which struck the merchants and other idle



234 EAST INDIA COMPANY'S RECORDS

passengers into such a fear that they began to murmur and
mutiny, saying that we had brought them out in a rotten junk to
drown them ; and so they all agreeing with the mariners came the
next morning unto Captain Adams and afterwards unto me, saying
that if we would not stand with some of the Lequeos that they
would not pump a stroke, being, as they said and so I do well
know, all extremely laboured and tired so that to hold on our
course for the coast of China they would never agree thereunto,
although both by Captain Adams' reckoning and mine, as we told
them, we were neither of us 30 leagues off the coast of China.
And at that present the wind veering to the northwest so that we
could not lie our course, and seeing ourselves in extreme peril of
death if that our leaks should increase never so little more, having
now not above 15 men, being the officers, which could stand upon
their legs, the rest being either sea-sick or almost dead with
labour ; so that the 20th about 10 of the morning we stayed our
course for the Lequeo Grande, having by observation at noon, as
near as the weather would give leave, 29 25', and per Captain
Adams 28 57' ; and so steering east and by south and east some-
times, our men bailing and pumping night and day, and much ado
we had to seek some of the leaks within board ; some few places
notwithstanding the foul weather we stopped, yet by no means
could free her. And the 22nd by the break of day it pleased God
that we had sight of the island of Fuego alias Javea with other
two small islands adjoining, and within half an hour after we
had sight of the island of Oxima, 9 leagues to the southwestward
of Fogo and also of divers other small islands to the southwards
of Oxima or Oshima, being the northernmost of the Lequeo
Islands. On the northwest side of this island of Oxima we came
to an anchor this evening in a very fair harbour, where the
Governor and others came aboard and promised us all the friend-
ship that the place afforded, upon whom we bestowed a langanatt
or pike. But he hath advised us to go for Nafe (Nafa), being the
chief harbour on the island of Lequeo Grande (Okinawa-sima),
where the king is resident, and there God willing we make
account to stop our leaks, chiefly by bringing our ship on ground,
which otherwise we cannot possibly accomplish without apparent
hazard of all. The time and winds we have lost doth grieve me



EAST INDIA COMPANY'S RECORDS 235

to write of, through the unfortunate proof of our leaky ship. I
am sorry I was not worthy to be a help to have prevented so
great a hindrance, nevertheless, God most merciful, that hath
delivered us out of this danger which we have passed, will still
help us and further us in our proceedings ; so that I trust within
this month or less we shall be ready to proceed upon our voyage
again, which God willing we purpose to attempt about the fine of
January, if wind and weather serve. There hath been a China
junk lately cast away which came from Satchma (Satsuma) and
bound for Nanguin (Nanking). There is also one other arrived
on some part of this island, which likewise this year departed
from Nangasaque or Satchma for the coast of China, and
determineth within few days to go to Nafe on the Lequeo Grande,
whither, God willing, we determine to go unto, for we cannot
effect our purpose in this place. The [ ] more than

you did expect, but now there is no remedy but patience for all
[ ] . For my part my best endeavours shall not be

wanting to help what [ ] . If I see likelihood of

conveyance I will write you of our proceedings ; until which time
I most heartily commit you and all your [ ] blessing

of the Almighty God, the giver of all prosperity and happy
success, desiring you to commend me to Mr. Eaton and to our
friend Mr. Nealson, with the [ ] Firando. And so

for the present I rest

Your loving friend to command,

[Richard Wickham] .

P.S. — The bearer hereof is the Governor of this island, being
within these two months bound for Satchma, and hath promised
conveyance of our letters, for he is vassal unto the [ ] ,

as also those of Lequeo Islands are. These people do much
resemble the Chinese yet [speak ?] the Japan tongue, although
with difficulty to be understood of the Japans. They wear
[their] hair long, bound up like the Chinese, with a bodkin
thrust through, but it is made up [on the] right side of their
heads ; and are a very gentle and courteous people.

Yours,

Ric. [Wickham].




236 ;t is- ma c s records

217

Thomas Mitford to Sir Thomas Smith, Governor, And the

Committees of the Last Irulia Company.

giGHT Worshipful,

Mv service remember* !. Being arrived in •
Indian country in good safety with the loss of



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