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friend to the Portingal and my reason was : commonly when we
came to Mocrob Chan, we should find Portingals Jesuits busy in
conference with him, the elder of them, being two in number, a
man sometime in favour with the king, and for anything we know
may be maintained by Mocrob Chan. Again there is another called
Musketo, sometime a merchant and now a fugitive and persecutor
of his own countrymen, yet would befriend us to the great man
if we would have accepted of his kindness. And whereas I
touched one Ferdinandus Salvador, one reported to be the king's
merchant and in great credit aloft and with this man below, who
received him into Suratt with great grace in his palanquin carried
on men's shoulders covered with velvet and 40 or 50 horse to
bring him in ; and after some five days gave out that he would
go in company with us for this place, pretending business there ;
who coming thither before us, found at our coming thither that
he was gone to the king with some matters which he had bought
for him ; it being reported that the king should offer him forty
thousand rupees to lay out in toys for him at Goah, which he
refused out of a Portingal flourish. Now what may be thought
hereof, giving out that he would go no farther than Amadever,
and then again being in favour with the king, something may be
done, and to be assumed what will they leave undone so that
they may hinder our proceedings, if not prevented by your wis-
doms and those here whom it may concern.

Concerning our proceed from Suratt to this place, the last of
November we parted from Suratt and came hither the 13th of
December. By the way we left Signor John Oxwicke and others
to buy baftas in Baroche, where they be best cheap, as also
cotton yarn. Some fine calicoes Mr. Aldeworthe had bought
before our coming, which are too fine for England but will serve
for Barbary if quiet ; but the sorts they now resolve upon, which
are from i\ and 3 to 7 mamoodies per piece, will, we hope, be
very fitting. Since our coming others are sent to Cambia, as
Signor Holmden, to provide quilts and green ginger, etc. ; and had
gum-lac been to have been had in Brodra, I had stayed there for
that purpose, but it hath failed there this year and none to be got
unless at Bramporte (Berhanpur), where order is given for all that
is there. And here remaineth Mr. Aldworthe, Mr. DodswortrTetc,

s 2



260 EAST INDIA COMPANY'S RECORDS

who have been providing indigo ever since we came, having
bought some 180 churls already which will come out about 12 and
13d. the lb.; making no doubt but to lade two ships much about
that rate, here being great store to be had; and two days past
heard that they at Baroche had bought 200 maunds at ni.
the seer very good and could buy more for 2,000/. if liked of.
This great quantity groweth by reason that they have had no vent
this three years, not since Sir Henry Middleton was in the Red
Sea and the wars begun between these people and the Portingals,
which maketh it so cheap and plenty. Hereafter I am of opinion
that it will be dearer and less store, as I understand it hath been,
yet not to be doubted but if the trade be settled here, as I doubt
not, God to friend, that both this place and Lahoare will yield
good store every year. Therefore in my opinion considering the
break in tonnage in sending it in such bags as these, it will not be
amiss that there be shaken chests or some other device of purpose
to prevent that inconvenience. We hope within forty days to lade
two ships, especially having sold our elephants' teeth at 70 ma-
moodics the maund (which is 40 seers here and 31 and 32 lbs.
English), and here aloft would have yielded a far better price.
They made 4,000/. sterling money ; otherwise we should not have
accomplished unless that we had made use of that stock provided
for another place. And to conclude of our progress to this place
pleaseth it your Worships to understand that although Mocrob
Chan sent us out basely without guard of soldiers nor we could
not have our arms till we came to the gates of Suratt, we found
our entertainment better afterwards with the other Governors,
who used us with good respect and sent good convoys along with
us from most places; yet all the way in great danger of thieves
called Rashbouts, who sought all opportunity to assault us both
day and night by no small companies, it being given out that we
carried fifteen carts-load of specie, which made us stand upon our
guard the more and to trust more to ourselves under God than to
our convoys, half of us watching half the night and the other
the rest and sometimes all, with bullets in mouth and matches in
cock and divers times alarms given ; holding ourselves able to
encounter 200 horse in the night, by reason our caravan was great
with carts, etc., which made us barricades, and by day 100, and



EAST INDIA COMPANY'S RECORDS 261

before we would have parted with our goods, etc., 500 should have
bought our lives at dear rates. And so much for our journey
hither. Now as to-morrow Mr. Edwards is to depart hence
towards the court, who had gone before this time, but that the
Governor of this town was gone for Gogo upon news that the town
and some ships was burnt. His deputy told us that he had not a
sufficient convoy till the Governor came to town, which we might
give some credit unto for that the Rashbouts pursued divers
travellers to the gates of this city, and here reported that they
killed some for small matters. Yesterday came letters from Surat
wherein came letters from the king which was enclosed in our
packet, but what they did import know not otherwise than in
general ; only the presents was not to be seen by Mocrob Chan
or any other, and that the ambassador should be kindly used and
sent up with all expedition and safety fitting his person. Now must
hold the reputation of an ambassador or else not respected, for he
which shall hold correspondency with the king must be such a
one, and no merchant, unless covertly, for their pride is such that
they scorn them, making no more reckoning of them than of
banyans, whom they hold little better than slaves ; and should so
appear by Mocrob Chan his speech upon occasion that if we
would be in the nature of banyans, we should have free trade ; by
which may be gathered the minds of the greatest, so that, for
anything I can conceive, it must not now be carried in the fashion
of a merchant as you desired ; being further of the mind that if
the Turkey trade fail, as very likely it will, and this and the
Persian trade go forward, as I hope it will, then this place will
bear it and afford an ambassador or consul, such an one as Sir
Tho. Glover, a man full of spirit, able both to defend and offend,
if our enemies should go about any ways to wrong us, as no ques-
tion but that they will, either covertly or openly, when we think
ourselves most safest. Again may be a means to keep the
Flemings from trading here, humbly entreating you not to mis-
construe my good meaning herein, for I do not disparage any,
holding them fit men in their places, and to manage as great a
matter as this, if exhibition accordingly ; only as a poor member
and submissive servant deliver my poor opinion, which, right
Worshipful and Worshipful, I will leave to your wise and grave



262 EAST INDIA COM TA NTS RECORDS

considerations, being very sorry if I have soared too high, humbly
entreating you again to impute it to my want of better employ-
ment at present. And yet a little farther though I incur imputa-
tion : I suppose that when your Worships shall fall into the
reckoning of their salary who are to be aloft and of the charge
that must of necessity follow the carriage of that business in the
fashion before mentioned will very near accomplish the other strain.
Now touching Peartia, upon deliberate terms it was thought
fitting to send one Mr. Richard Steel, a merchant, as far as I
know one employed in those parts by the knight baronet, Mr.
Leate, and Mr. Stapers, about a business which I take was partly
effected ; who, having seen and well observed the course of trade
in those parts, saw how easy a thing it was, if a right project were
taken, to settle a factory there, which being made known to Mr.
Aldworthe before our coming, we finding the said Steel here, and
good reasons given pro et con, the charges was next examined,
which was estimated at first to 200/. for himself and two more, to
say, himself to go overland to Alippo after that he had capitulated
with the king of Percia and with Sir Robert Sherley, which being
done and the others having informed themselves upon some
certainty, to return back again. Our General being acquainted
herewith liked well of the project, only upon some former speeches
which he and Mr. Aldworthe had had about a convenient place
or road where shipping might come to lade and unlade besides
Ormouse (Ormus), desired conference with the party which had
been at the place, where ships of 1,000 tons might ride in safety
out of the danger of the Portingals, who did at that time so satisfy
him that he would send no mariner. So it was appointed that
one John Crouther and another at Agra should go along with the
said Mr. Steel. Here is one that is a peon in the house which
hath been at the place, where ships of great burthen may have
water enough, whose report agreeth with the other. Many have
discovered Percia, but none have looked after a convenient place
for shipping' except Ormouse, which the Portingals hold, which
place Sir Robert Sherley hath discoursed of at large and his letters
extant to that purpose, therefore will refer your Worships to that
discourse, which I make account Mr. Aldworthe hath advised of
already. Only by the way it will not be amiss to be jealous, even



EAST INDIA COMPANY'S RECORDS 263

sometimes of the best purposes, specially in this of so great con-
sequence. If it may please God that the same be effected, it will
be a worthy business for our land, it being a place of great vent
for cloth, partly upon my own experience ; being in Russea, some
of the merchants there told me that they made five for one of our
sorting blues such as we send for that place, besides divers drugs,
which I could have bought there reasonable, as rhubarb, etc.,
which come from thence ; also red yewts (?) is well sold there,
but how near to those parts which is aimed at now know not.
But to my purpose. The winds which serve our ships for the
place aimed at will also serve for to bring them hither, and the
returns from thence will accommodate them here for specie, as I
partly understand, which would be a principal thing, it being the
matter opposed and still objected against the Company ; I say it
would stop the mouths of all men, besides the correspondency
between these parts, which will be much advantage unto us,
which God grant and that the declining of other trades may be
complete in this worthy society. What request these commo-
dities now sent are in at present and how sold, I cannot certainly
advise, referring the same to those which have the managing of
the business, who would that others should understand as little as
might be. Yet so far as my knowledge, pleaseth it your Worships
to be advised that cloth, if good colours, will be well sold, these
people desiring true colours and good cloth. Seven cloths we
make account are as good as sold to the Governor of this city for
20 mamoodies the covad, and no question but that this country
will vent some quantity after that they are once accustomed to
the wearing thereof. Quicksilver well requested, but none sold
as yet, but offered 220 rupees the maund ; elephants' teeth in good
request ; crooked sword blades well sold for 15 rupees the piece
and privates better ; glasses well esteemed for gifts but few sold ;
waters desired but loath to go to the price ; pictures the like, but
valued to men's fancy. Touching lead, yet ignorant of the price ;
yet yesterday we had writing from Surat that they were offered
a partido of 300 churls indigo, to take half lead and half money.

Now a word or two of the news in general. The king is at
Agemere, 150 course this side Agra ; Can Canna sent against a
Rashbout called Raynawes, who holds him to it. A little before



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maki ■ i him. 'II.

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and persons 1

in o >n< lusii 'ii but i I lii

I th and tl humbly •

my leave. And 1

! than this ; a wortl

will and : prim ;;

i men fearing < t the

one of another, and

; with that harmonj lity that th I

pleased 11 with health,

and betl than when I

And none in oui in) of tl nything I k:

can complain of want, I m< m of thii
and ii" « \ il example given for 1 I of 1

venture Borne disti mp red brain «>r m fellow m

his mOUth and >.iy th.it tin- mi I I

reply that upon my know

tionable, oui ing tender their health

. though we wanted Ii I I must

well provided, which <>ur put
upon occasions. In fine, thanks be to G
sweet .ii ind fitting reasonable nun. pi

not seen bett rnment upon an} that I b d on,

nor better provided for, the length ofthi
not the least to be observed thi ment and know!

that was between merchant and mariner. This i
instead of many pn v - tor Mr. rth; all the

way somewhat inclined to sickness, h ■■ ing with

him, besides given much to melancholy, which made m
him many times that the thought of his former estate procured it,
and strived by all means to put him from it, though subject myself



EAST INDIA COMPANY'S RECORDS 265

unto it. His disease began aboard, being a flux, and ended his
life the 22nd of November last, on which day we buried him and
one Signor Wood, who died within an hour one of another, both
so rich in Christ that they ministered great comfort to us all,
which I pray God give us grace to make use of to His glory and
our own spiritual comfort.

By reason of many petty charges which groweth upon travels
here in this country both above and below, it will not be amiss to
appoint some good husband which shall have care thereof, and to
that end acquainted some of my companions ; not that it is any
fault of the principals but of inferiors under them but may you
allege it is their fault if not looked into. I do but touch it by the
way, for that otherwise a gainful trade may in time be discouraged,
humbly entreating, right Worshipful and Worshipful, to hold me
excused and to pardon my boldness, if any, it having been fitter
for one of this place than for myself to advise on this manner,
being a Bantamese, that killing place ; howsoever exposed, yet
will say with the prophet David " God is good and my lot is fallen
in a good ground," though not for the health of my body, I doubt
not for my soul ; and yet must tell you not before my appointed
time, for my days be numbered, and therefore will with that holy
man Job wait till my change come ; and seeing I am frustrate of
this place could wish that I might do you service in the furtherest
parts, let their conditions be what they will ; not doubting but to
hold correspondency with them in any civil fashion. And so, not
having others at present, will ever praise God for you and never
cease to pray for your healths and prosperities with increase of
commerce and the end everlasting life, which God grant for His

son Christ's sake. Amen.

Your humble servant to be commanded,

Raphe Preston.

For that I have not writ to any friend, humbly entreat you to
certify friends of my health as Mr. Cardler of the Assurance
Office, where I have a brother lies, my master's sons, Mr. John
and Wm. Gore and the bachelors, which are of the Company,
Robert and Ralph Gore, one Mr. Johnson sometime a draper in
Watling Street, and Captain Baker, with Mr. Wm. Atkinson,
clerk to the Muscovy Company, etc.




266 EAST IX D I \.\YS RECORDS

225

A COMMISSION given by OS whose names arc hereunder
written in the behalf of the right honourable and right
worshipful Company of Merchants trading to the 1 I
Indies unto our good friends Mr. Richard Steel and Mr. John
Crouther, merchants, QOW bound, by I . upon a

discovery to be by them made in and through P
the use and behoof of the said East India Company, which
journey God make prosperous and send you with good suc-
cess unto your country.

IIRST at your coming to Adgemerc, whither Cod send
■ ty, yon shall 1 X Mr. William i

wards the sum of six hundred rials of eight for and
toward- t! of your foresaid journey, which we

esteem by our computation will be sufficient for that busin

For the safe passing of which moneys your care must beat
your coming to Agra to inform yourselves of such sufficient men
as will take such moneys upon their bills of exchange to be repaid
either in Lahor or Sphan (Ispahan), as you shall think fittii
deliver for the better and more safe furnishing of your occasions.
And for that many accidents are incident in such long travels
and that some disaster may befall you whereby your provision of
moneys may fall short, we have therefore delivered you letters
of credit unto the Right Honourable Sir Robert Sherley, knight,
in particular and also a general letter unto all English and other
Christians of what nation soever in Sphan, for the furnishing of
such other moneys as your necessity shall require unto the value
of 50/. sterling to be repaid upon sight of your bills of exchange,
either in England or Agra.

After your departure from Agra, you are to proceed on your
journey towards Sphan with as much expedition as conveniently
you may, and in all places where you shall pass, to inform your-
selves of the state and condition of those countries, what hope of
trade and commerce they give both for sales of commodities to
be brought thither from England and likewise what returns may
be made fitting for England or other parts of Christendom.



EAST INDIA COMPANY'S RECORDS 267

Especially, when you come near to Sphan, you are with all care-
fulness and diligence to learn the condition of the countries
between Sphan and Jasques on the sea coast, what hope of trade
to be made between the said two places, what towns and cities of
note, what commodities they give and what they receive as also
what manner of transportation for goods and merchandise is
between Jasques and Sphan, with the weights, measures and
moneys of every chief place in your travels, with all other cir-
cumstances fit to be observed in such a discovery. When it
shall please God to bring you safely to Sphan you are to address
yourselves unto Sir Robert Sherley and to deliver unto him such
letters as you carry along for him, to procure by his assistance
letters from the king of Persia unto all his governors, captains
and commanders of all the sea coasts in his dominions for the
fair and peaceable entertainment of our men, ships, and goods
in all such parts as they shall arrive at. And if it shall happen
your provision of moneys to [fall ?] short, then you may deliver
unto Sir Robert Sherley the letter of credit which you carry
directed to him, and not otherwise.

And when you shall have had full satisfaction in the points
of your discovery, you are to make two journals of your daily
proceedings from the time of your setting forth from Adgemere
until your departure from Sphan, which are to be underwritten
by you both. From whence Richard Steele is directed to go for
England with one of the said journals, and John Crouther to
return with all convenient speed directly to Agra or Adgemere
with the other; for the better satisfaction of the honourable
and worshipful Company in England and also for the better
directions of us in our proceedings here in these parts.

But if it should please God that either of you should decease
in this your journey either by sickness or accident, which God
forbid, before your separation at Sphan, that then the survivor
shall proceed directly for England with a reason of such dis-
covery as he or they shall have made.

And for the more certainty and better satisfaction of him that
shall return for Agra and Adgemere, it is ordained that he shall
have for his charges back out of the remaining moneys resting
unspent the one half of so much as your charges shall amount



263



EAST IS'DIA COMPA.YY'S RECORDS



unto until your coming to Sphan, besides the charges of a camel
and camelman allowed him, provided that besides there rem
a competent sum of money to carry the said Richard Steel into
England; or otherwise according to this computation yon shall
make a division of your remainder.

Not doubting but out of your L,'o,>d discretions and loving
friendship each to other, you will so carry this business as it I
redound to both \ putations. And so ing God

to bless you in these your ; Qgs we commend you to His

protection, who direct all your thoughts and actions t" His -lay.

Your loving friends,

Will. Edwards.
Tho. Aldworthe.
Edward 1 1 I ■■■• irth.
Thomas Mitford.
In Amadil:'. \
the 2nd of January, [614.




226

John Jourdain and others to the Governor and Committees
of the East India Company.

Bantam, the 2nd of January, 1614.

IGHT Worshipful, our duties remembered, etc. May
it please you to understand that by the Concord, who
arrived here the 8th of September last, we received
your Worships' letters, understanding thereby at full
your minds concerning all matters, which with the help of God
we will effect and follow in all points as near as God shall give
us grace etc.

And first, concerning the Concord : shortly after her arrival
it pleased God to take to his mercy Giles Hawkins and after him
Mr. Flood and Mr. Petty with some others of the common men.




EAST INDIA COMPANY'S RECORDS 269

Those chief men being dead, it was thought fitting to view the
commission, to know whom your Worships had ordained to
succeed ; and finding by the said commission and the two boxes
which we opened that, after the death of Mr. Flood, that none
was nominated but was to be chosen by a general consent of
merchants, at first it was thought necessary to leave the charge
of the ship to Mr. Benet, in the meantime not having any other
more sufficient. In this time the James arrived here from Pot-
tany without order for her lading, only 3,000 rials which
Mr. Gourney sent in her, he supposing that money or pepper
might be had for certain commodities left here in Bantam rated
per him at 13,000 rials or thereabouts ; which, if it had been sold
at those rates, had not been half enough to have laden the ship
with pepper. But we, finding so little hope of sale for money or
pepper, to help the sale thereof we offered the one half money
with the cloth to put it off, yet could not be heard, for that the
Hollanders sold of the same sorts of goods to be paid the next
year at 100 per 100 less than the James' goods was rated at, and
to all sorts of people that would have it, running risks, whether
ever they shall be paid the one half. Whether they doth it to
cross us in our trade of Choramandell or not we know not, but
sure we are that the losses remains on themselves, for that they
have sold better cheap than it cost them in the country from
whence it came. Now that which was left here by Mr. Gourney
the one half thereof or more is not vendible in this country,
because it is Chera Mallaia and the people here will wear no other
fashion but their own, which is Chera Java. But now the James
being come to receive her lading, the captain requires us to lade
her for the account of the same voyage. We conclude that the
ship of necessity must be laden, but upon account of the Ninth
Voyage it cannot be, for that there is not wherewith to do it.
Therefore it was thought necessary to value the goods belonging
to the voyage as it is worth ready money and take it to account
of the Joint Stock, and to lade so much pepper as the goods
doth amount unto, provided always that your Worships are con-
tent therewith at home ; and whether the goods here remaining
the profit thereof shall be for the account of the Joint Stock or
for the Ninth Voyage (for that the goods must be transported to



270 EAST INDIA COMPANY'S RECORDS

other places, not being vendible in Bantam) this is wholly referred
unto your Worships' pleasure. But in the meantime there is
laden aboard the James 6,000 sacks of pepper, which is the pro-
ceed of the goods according to the valuation and the 3,000 rials
received from Pottany, as per the account in the journal may
appear, etc.

And since, having considered farther of your Worships' order
willing us to look far and near for other commodities and for



Online LibraryEast India CompanyLetters received by the East India company from its servants in the East (Volume 2) → online text (page 24 of 35)