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venting of our own, which in Bantam will not be sold this ten
years, as also having understood of the weakness of the Concord
both of ship and men to carry her for England, and the small
quantity of pepper that she will carry and the great hopes we
have received per via de Macassar and by others which lately
came from Amboina, that they have kept great part of their cloves
of the last year for the English, and the Bandanezes making
continual wars with the Hollanders, hoping of the English ; all
these reasons having been duly considered by the council of
merchants it is thought necessary to send the Concord thither
with divers commodities which is not here vendible, in the charge
of George Ball, who is ordained to be principal factor for the
voyage. The goods and money which we determine to send in
her is as appeareth per invoice. The reason why the Concord
hath stayed here so long since her voyage was determined to go
that way is because we were in hope to have had some more men
out of the ships which are to come out of England, and some
other ship to go in company, for the more force with more facility
the cloves will be gotten. We have built a pinnace of some
25 tons of a junk which came from Sacadana, which doth go in
company of the ship, which will be a great help to fetch cloves
where the ship cannot go ; but we have not men sufficient to man
them both, for having provided the James with twelve men and
with those that are dead there will not remain above 25 men for
the ship and the pinnace, therefore we determine to get some
10 or 12 blacks which will serve to do ordinary work. We are
the more earnest to send that way because that if there should
not go some ship this year there will be little hope to do any
good hereafter ; and this ship being so weak above water that it
were great danger to send her for England. For Mr. Petty


before his death would not adventure to carry any dry commo-
dities betwixt the decks, only pepper in the hold. Therefore we
have laden aboard the James for the account of the Joint Stock
57 chests of all sorts of China silks, 24 chests of benjamin,
3,673 sacks of Bantam pepper, 172^ peculs of cloves as per the
particulars may appear in the invoice and bills of lading ; also we
have laden 100 bahars of Priaman pepper at 400 lbs. suttle to the
bahar, which was taken out of the Osiander and laden for the
account of the Tenth Voyage, notwithstanding it is in the bills
of lading for the account of the Joint Stock, which we did only
to avoid cavils with the captain of the James, he being no great
amigos with the captain of the Osiander nor any other. Here is
left about 30 chests of silks of the worse sorts, which the James
could not stow. We were in hope to have sent these silks in
some ship belonging to the Joint Stock, but in regard of the
insufficiency of the Concord, and the long stay of the fleet which
your Worships writ should come forth the last spring, and the
danger which might ensue by keeping them until the next year,
made us to lade them in this ship, which we did by council, Cap-
tain Marlowe having required the same and the James being a
sufficient ship for the purpose. And for that they stood in need
of divers necessaries there is delivered them out of the Concord
twelve men with divers other provisions as per the purser's note
may appear, which could very ill be spared, but that necessity
doth constrain us thereunto for the better security of your Wor-
ships' goods.

Now as concerning the Darling, she set sail from hence for
Sacadana the 10th of [March,] and from thence she was to go
for Pottany, there to buy all the Lankin silk of the Chinese
junks, carrying with them for that purpose a good stock of money
and commodities, as per the journal may appear ; but coming to
Sacadana they made their abode there so long (contrary to order)
that before they came to Pottany the Hollanders had bought up
all the silk and other commodities ; the long stay of the Darling
at Sacadana being to little purpose, as per the copies of their
letters sent from thence may appear. The Hollanders' pinnace
which departed from Bantam five weeks after them were at Pot-
tany a month before them and had bought up all the silks before


their arrival, which was the cause that the Darling took in cer-
tain goods out of the James and gone for Siam. From them 1
know not what course they doth mind to take, for hitherto they

have in all points digressed from commission. We do not doubt
but Mr. Gourney and Mr. Larkin doth advise at large of all things

in this ship, etc.

Now concerning the Globe, we daily look for her, much
marvelling of their long stay, doubting of the getting OVCT the
bar, which is the cause that Mr. Floris doth also doubt of bet
late coming to Bantam and therefore hath [wrote] to provide
against his coming about 4,000 sacks of pepper, which we 1
[effected] and is all ready milled and laid in the warehouses. And
as for the estate of their voyage, we refer it to Mr. Floris' li
which goeth herewith, etc.

And for the project of the voyage now pretended in the
Concord, it is agreed per a general council of merchants, viz.
that she, by God's grace, go first for Macassar there to take
account of Geo. Cokayne, and what rice is there bought to take
into their ship, as also what goods shall be there remaining fitting
for Banda or the Moullucas, and leave other goods there which
shall be found most vendible in Macassar, as also to take into
their ship Mr. Welden who is there remaining and a perfect
linguist in the Mallaia and Ternatan tongues and well acquainted
with the country people and coast, I mean of Amboina and
Banda ; and from thence with all convenient speed to proceed for
Amboina or Banda. If first at Banda, then upon good considera-
tion to leave there Sophony Cozucke and some other with such
a quantity of goods as shall be thought necessary, Sophony
Cozucke being already acquainted with the country people and
language. But if they may with more conveniency fall first with
Amboina, then to repair to a place called Lugho, where the
Darling was the last year, and the chief Aurancaya of the country
a friend to the English and indifferent, or rather an enemy, to the
Hollanders, who sought his life because he gave us entertainment
in the Darling ; but of late he hath made the king of Ternater
acquainted therewith and he hath given him leave to entertain all
nations and especially the English, for which cause, as we are
informed, this Aurancaya caused the country people to keep their


cloves for us this year and seeing that no ships came was con-
strained at the last of the year to sell the one half unto the
Hollanders, and the rest they have kept for the English. From
this place of Lugho is but half a day's journey by land to Cam-
bello, Lasede and Ceran, which three places yieldeth as many
cloves as the half of Amboina and the people affable and desirous
to trade with us and are in no subjection to the Hollanders, only
trading with them as with all other merchants. And because the
ship cannot conveniently go to all these places, we send this
pinnace to go from port to port to bring cloves to the ship, which
may remain in Lugho or Cambello, which shall be thought most
convenient ; and if occasion be she may go from thence for
Banda to give advice and so return to the ship again, as also to
search out any other place near thereabout, where trade may be
had. The goods which we send to those parts is Guzarate and
Choramandell clothing, some money in rials, and some gold.
The gold will yield 50 per cent, profit or more ; and cloves
will be sooner gotten for rice and gold than for any other
commodity whatsoever, because the rice is their food, the gold
their treasure against they die and therefore they will give an
extraordinary price for it, etc.

And as concerning the estate of the business here in Bantam,
according to your Worships' orders there is notice taken of all
such goods as is here remaining for several accounts and voyages
and have rated the same accordingly and brought it to account
of the Joint Stock as per the journal now sent may appear.
And as for some voyages which were in the custody of William
Sheppard, left by the death of Mr. Jones, I send herewith the
copy of William Sheppard's account given at his departure for
Pottany in the James, whereby may be seen what was remaining ;
which by reason of his sickness (as I perceive) was not left in
better form, but Mr. Gourney being desirous of him in that
voyage in lieu of Rich. Cobb, who remaineth here in Bantam ;
the cause is that, if Mr. Cobb had gone in the ship, Mr. Gourney
would not have proceeded in the voyage. The reason that he
alleged was that both in the ship and land he was very trouble-
some and a breeder of quarrels and debate amongst parties, and
insufficient to do any business which did belong unto a merchant.
Y 1268. T


And now in the time of his abode in Bantam his behaviour and
carriage hath verified the same, for by drunkenness, fighting and
railing, agreeing with no man and making strife with all men and
will obey no command, hath made all honest men to loathe his
company ; therefore by a general consent he was deprived of the
council of merchants as not able to conceal the secrets of the
worshipful Company. Therefore we desired and required
Captain Marlowe to carry him home in the James, which as
yet he refuseth to do, alleging frivolous reasons to the contrary ;
sometimes saying that we must lay in victuals for him with two
servants to attend him, and at other times that he dares not
carry the Company's servants home without their order. But,
God sending the James well home, we do not doubt but your
Worships shall be at full acquainted with the disorders of this
voyage. In all places where they have been they have left them-
selves famous with infamy to our nation, what by fighting,
brabbling and contention amongst themselves, troubling all men
where they come, hath been the cause that all, both strangers
and others, are weary of their company ; and he that should
govern all is chief cause of these disorders, for what discord
hath been among them his hand hath not been out of it, either
taking part with one or other, or breaking out in such terms of
railing that he is little set by by his own company and less by
strangers. And he is one of the first which doth trade publicly,
contrary to your Worships' order, and in all places where he hath
been. Therefore we were constrained to buy a parcel of Chora -
mandell cloths of him to the value of 1,700 rials because he had
sold some quantity at low rates and brought down the price to
the great prejudice of the worshipful Company. And at present
he hath in the ship about 10 or 12 chests of benjamin for his
proper [account] and doth refuse to take in 15 peculs of cloves
which Mr. Petty had bought for himself before his death at his
first coming to Bantam and offered first 39 rials per pecul, which
we understanding thereof advised him [the contrary] , shewing him
that he went about to raise the prices of commodities, contrary to
order, he answering that he did nothing but what he had order to
do ; wherefore we showed him your Worships' letters to the
contrary, and being thereat moved went aboard his ship, but after


secretly caused some of his company to buy the 15 peculs of
cloves ; and being in his sickness desired, if it pleased God to call
him, that they might be sent home unto the worshipful Com-
pany, and to advise that they were bought with his own money,
and they might deal with him as they pleased ; which we required
Captain Marlowe to do, which he refused, saying they could take
in no more goods for the Company but was desirous to buy them
for his own account. So if they were for his own account they
might be carried for England, but, being for the worshipful
Company's account, the ship could carry no more. These and
many other wrongs he doth because he thinks to cross us that
remain here aland, for that we do not feed his insatiable desire
with wine and give him such extraordinary duty (as himself hath
said) as if three of the Committees were present. These things
are not written by way of complaint or envy, but only to make
known, as our duty binds us, those things which are prejudicial
to the proceedings of the worshipful Company, etc.

Now after the departure of these ships we shall remain very
weak, both of merchants and others, in regard that we are forced
to have people at both houses, because at the old house lieth all
the Guzaratt goods which were formerly in four warehouses subject
to fire, rain and stealing ; therefore we have brought it all into one
house and have laid it in the best manner we could devise to keep
it from worms, which formerly have done great spoil where it lay
before : so that we were constrained to open as many packs as we
perceived to be perished, and have taken out the rotten and sold
it at trust as well as we might, and have repacked the remainder
in small bales, each sort by itself, for that we find many names
of the cloths mistaken, as many sorts having three and four
names for one sort of cloth, and the reason is, being bought in
the Red Sea of sundry persons, viz. of Guzaratts, Mogores,
Arabs, Turks, and Industans, each of them giving a several name
according to their languages, which will be a great error in the
end in keeping the accounts, except all the goods be opened and
a new collection made according to their true names, which will
ask some time. For if the collection already drawn continue as
it is according to the packing bill, when it comes to draw a
balance of every several account there will be found many

T 2


parcels over and many short ; AS also it will be very dimml*
the sale unto those that shall come hen ifter that knows not
the sorts.

And as touching the building of our new house in the
where now we make <mr abode, being a place nvenient

and near the river, which is obtained with pi ind fair pro-

mises by a writing from the Pengran Protector, wherein he doth
give leave to build, and for : 'it of the walls ;

measure; and, thinking ourselves therewith secure, we 1
pared many necessaries for the same and fitted the place to I
to build; which he perceiving began anew with us, I we

may not build above 3 fathom high from the foundation to the
roof, and we must not make any house at Jaccattra ; if we do it
shall be at hi I • take the pi >t of ground and house fr<>m

us again; and we must deliver him our old man-inn house, for
that he will not have us to have two houses. Whereupon we I
left to proceed any farther until we find him in a better humour,
or other order from y>ur Worships. Therefore we have
with the king of Jaccattra to hold his friendship and he hath
given us leave to build at our pi id hath given us a piece

of ground near the waterside, and for custom we are to pay as
the Hollanders doth, which is a small matter; not that he will
constrain us, but to give him something as a present. Now the
Pengran Protector of Bantam, understanding thereof, seems to
be very angry thereat and doth threaten to take from us the plot
of ground which he hath given us to build on, and a
is animated by the Hollanders, for that they would not have
be so near neighbours to them ; as also we have been crossed by
them at Jaccattra and at all other places where factories are. for
in matters of trade they are worse enemies to us than the Por-
tingals ; insomuch that in buying of silks the last year they
raised the prices, under colour to make a consortship with us
thinking in the meantime to get the most part into their hands,
and when it came to conclusion their demand was to have
30 peculs of Lanken silk first laid aside for them, and the re-
mainder, which might be some 40 peculs, should be parted
equally betwixt us, so by this means they should have 50 peculs
and we 20. Whereupon we disagreed and parted each of us to


do our best. And now at the receipt of pepper, we demanding
our debtors to bring in their pepper, they began to raise the price,
giving 15 rials per 10 sacks, we having bought at 13J the dearest ;
and this they did thinking to have all into their own hands, know-
ing that the Chineses for covetousness, to gain 1^ rials in 10 sacks
and receive present money, would bring them the most part, the
Chineses little esteeming their words and less their honesty.
For this cause we shall be the longer receiving in of our debts in
pepper ; and to go to law with them here it is in vain, for that
answer hath been made to us by the chief officers that if the
debtors cannot pay us we must stay until they are able, etc.

The Hollanders doth take such extraordinary courses in
putting out their cloths to the Chineses, and at such low rates to
be paid the next year in pepper, that we cannot sell any of ours,
because it is not so vendible in the country, for they giveth them
choice of commodities, that which is fitting for the country,
whereof we have little store. They have already delivered out
above 40,000 rials, thinking by that means to get all the pepper
into their hands the next year. And as for our commodities
there is not any that will look on it ; therefore fitting that it
should be transported to other countries where some part thereof
may be vented, which cannot be done without men and shipping.
And as for the sailors there will be no dealing with them unless
agreement be made with them at home for to stay in the country
and for their wages ; otherwise they will look to have wages
beforehand, else they will not stay in the country. And as for
the merchants which are here remaining, I could wish for some
more of the like faculty and carriage, being all sufficient men for
their places. After the departure of the Concord here will
remain four besides myself, viz. Richard Westby, John Baylie,
Samuel Boyle and Wm. Nicolls, who was purser's mate in the
Dragon. Now for the factories which are in other places it is
necessary to have staid men there that may procure the good of
the Company and the love of the people by their good carriage,
which out of this small number that are here cannot be spared,
but our hope is of supplies in the next ships ; which at their
coming we hold it necessary to place factories at Jappara under
the king of Mattran (Mataram ?) and at Gracia (Grissee) both


lying upon Java ; as also at Timour, where there is store of
sandal-wood to be bought, which is a very good commodity at
the Coast and Suratt, as also here in Bantam when the China
junks come ; as likewise these places will vent those commo-
dities which will not sell here in many years.

And as for the trade of Sacadana, there is as yet but little
profit had from thence but we have better hopes hereafter, if
there were someone of experience and care of his business.
The country doth vent but a small quantity of cloth, but it may
be at Borneo, which is the chiefest place of trade, there will be
better sale, and bezoar stones gotten for it. Also there is a place
called Sambas betwixt Sacadana and Borneo, where there is
some hope of store of diamonds, where Cassarian David was sent
by Mr. Larkin, but as yet no certain news what good may be
there done ; only the king and people of the country are desirous
of trade. At present we want a pinnace and men to supply that
factory of Sacadana and the rest thereabouts etc. Here are
commodities lying on our hands which to be sent for England
are scarce worth the freight, as cinnamon and porcelain, which
would yield good profit in Suratt or Dabull, with other merchan-
dise that arc here to be had vendible in those places ; for which
purpose we want a small ship of some force, such as the Osiander,
to go to and fro, which would not be only profitable for the sale
of such goods as are here to be gotten but also the return would
yield here great profit, we now understanding what goods is
most vendible in these countries, and what the country of Suratt
and Dabull doth yield etc.

And whereas your Worships doth write, in a letter directed to
Ed. Camden or [the chief] factor, to use all means to under-
stand of the dealings of Augustine Spalding concerning certain
cloves whereof he is accused to buy at a low price and sold [to]
the worshipful Company at a dear rate, dealing underhand with
the Chineses, I have diligently inquired about that matter but
cannot understand by any circumstance to be guilty therein, only
upon suspicion because of his familiarity with the Chineses, and
of some 10 or 15 peculs, which he bought at 15 rials per pecul
before the coming of the ships for his proper account, being full
of dirt and not worth the money after they were garbled or


cleansed, which he carried for his own account in the Solomon.
Thus much I understand per Keewee, who was half with him in
this bargain of cloves etc.

Now concerning the Trades Increase that was laid up on the
ooze (?) as per the Dragon, Clove and Expedition your Worships
have at large understood : about two months past she was fired
by night suddenly from stem to stern that none could come near
to quench it, which we suppose was done of purpose by the
Javas, because formerly she had been set on fire twice and by
great help we quenched it again, which now was impossible to
do, because she was, as we suppose, laid all fore and aft with this
country pitch, otherwise she could not have so suddenly taken
fire, which we suspect was done by the better sort of Javas by
the instigation of a renegado Spaniard which is turned Moor,
putting them in the head that in time she might serve in lieu of
a castle. She was burnt in one night close to the water, and
what was remaining of her it is sold for 1,050 rials, as per account
may appear.

Thus having advised your Worships of all matters which at
present is in memory, and what is wanting in this shall by God's
grace be performed in the next, we leave, praying the Almighty
to bless your proceedings and augment the estate of the worshipful
Company to His glory and the honour of our nation. Amen.

Your servant in all duty,

John Jourdain.

Geo. Ball.

Richard Westby.

John Baylie.

Sam. Boyle.

Postscript. — Right Worshipful, this former letter being dated
the 2nd ditto it pleased God that the Globe safely arrived from
Mesopatam, weak of men and other. And being required per
Captain Marlowe and Mr. Floris to assist them in a court per
them called for the good of the worshipful Company, wherein it
was concluded that the Concord should be laid up for the general
good of both voyages, according to the copy of the conclusion
sent herewith as may at large appear ; and whereas there was


laden aboard the James 3,673 sacks of Bantam pepper for the
account of the Joint Stock, according as the bills of lading makes
mention, it is now otherwise concluded, viz. that the Globe is to
take in the Priaman pepper which was in the Osiandcr, and
the Globe to receive so much of Bantam pepper out of the James
being formerly laden for the Joint Stock according to the tonnage
as per rato, the freight to be paid according as your Worships in
your discretions shall ordain. The copies of courts and agree-
ments concerning these matters I send herewith ; if not in as
ample manner as I desire, the troublesome captain of the James
is cause thereof, who doth disquiet both house and fleet, that I
could better temporize with John Davis in his drink than with
this insatiable captain in his best wits, he being cross in all
actions that doth concern the worshipful Company's business.
And as concerning the accounts and the state of Bantam, your
Worships shall understand at large per the copy of the journal
now sent, which doth extend unto the 13th day of January, 1614 ;
and what doth hereafter pass until the departure of the Globe
(which I hope will be within ten days) I will, God willing, enlarge
the rest, the time not permitting at present otherwise. Here-
withal I send a note of what provision is put into the James,
also of the men. And at present I conclude, commending your
Worships to the merciful protection of Almighty God etc.
Bantam the 15th of January, 1614.

Your Worships' servant,

John Jourdain.



Christopher Farewell to John Oxwicke at Baroche.

Online LibraryEast India CompanyLetters received by the East India company from its servants in the East (Volume 2) → online text (page 25 of 35)