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Gembuzar, 3rd January, 1614.

R. OXWICKE, with my love I salute you, wishing
your health as my own etc. Yours of this present I
received by Narranse, wherein you write you marvel
that neither of us would advise you of our safe arrival
here, whereof we both in our several letters certified you, and
sent them by some of our peons of return. Howsoever, it
seemeth he hath not delivered them, and also I then wrote you of
5 carts of indigo, which Narranse had the same night laden for
Baroche, and timely the next morning sent them away, himself
carefully seeing the indigoes passed over the river without taking
wet. Concerning our proceedings here you shall understand that,
having bargained for a matter of 70 and odd maunds of anil at
several prices, when we came to compare them with the musters,
they were far inferior to them in all respects of goodness, being
almost one third part dirt and sand and every way such as pre-
sently I washed my hands of them ; expecting to-morrow other
musters from the Aldea, wherein, as occasion shall be offered, we
purpose to proceed ; but as for quantity or choice, by Narranse's
report these parts afford neither, only some small partidos and
those not very good. If the abovesaid had been to content, we
had agreed for the delivery of them at Baroch free of all cost,
and there to have taken the weight of them, with other condi-
tions according to the custom of these places. And whereas you
write for Mr. Ball and Narranse, they both would have gone to-
morrow morning, but that I doubt (upon our no good success
hitherto, and but little likelihood of any hereafter) we shall all
depart within these three days at the furthest, which at the sight
of musters pd. shall speedily be determined and so to make
but one journey of it, but then at the furthest they shall not fail,
God willing, to be with you ; for I perceive you are troubled with
a bad commodity, wherein the deceit of Patell and the rest
appeareth, with whom, as I wrote you, Narranse had great con-
troversies, who when he saw great part of Patell's not to answer
to the musters, by much ado abated him upon 43 maunds (which



282 EAST INDIA COMPANY'S RECORDS

you had agreed for 22 mamoodies per maund) two mamoodics per
maund, and of other 13 maunds he abated him half a mamoodie
per maund. Narranse saith he standeth bound before the B
for 4,800 and odd mamoodies, the money of the said anil sent,
who standeth doubtful what will become of the matter if \ ■ • li
refuse the bargain, as his son's letter doth make doubtful ; but
he hopeth that you will so far forth respect your word, as he saith
he hath followed your order and advice, so that no prejudice
befall him. Thus, with Mr. Ball's commendations, I commit
you and your affairs to God, and do rest

Your loving friend,

Chr. Farewell.




228

Thomas Aldworthc to John Oxwickc, Christopher Farewell and
Bayly Ball, at Baroche.
Amadavas, this 4th of January, 1614.

R. OXWICKE, Mr. Farewell and the rest, I commend
me to you all etc. Yours of the 28th December I
received, perceiving the good hopes you have there to

be fitted with indigo that may serve our turn, as
Mr. Ball wrote us ; and therefore I could wish you to go through
for some 200 fardles or churls, which may contain five maunds
per churl, having moneys there to accomplish it. From Cam-
baya we are not to expect the quantity we thought to have done,
and therefore hoping of all your cares in the choosing of that
indigo that may serve for England. We could wish you to get
what you can of the better sort and not of that which will not
swim, which is base and not worth the sending. And so, not
having farther at present, I commend you all to God's protection.
Mr. Oxwicke, I pray you not to detain our foot-post, but let
him go through, for our letters require haste ; for the last time
you sent him out of the way to Cambaya, which hindered us
much.

Your loving friend,

Tho. Aldworthc.




EAST INDIA COMPANY'S RECORDS 283



229

r John Oxwicke to Thomas Elkington.

Baroche, the 8th January, 1614.

R. ELKINGTON, Yours of the 5th January. I have
received. For the chop of the Nabob I have received
as in a former letter I did write you, which is suffi-
cient to serve the turn ; and for the orders that I
receive from Amadavaz, I do intend they shall be followed, which
is the main I do aim at ; and for such letters which come to my
hand that are yours, I do always dispeed them away so soon as
possible ; also when I have letters from thence and you none, I
do advise of what they do write, as in a couple before this I have,
or anything else needful. When I send you goods I will let you
know thereof a day before, according to your desire, be it from
other parts or from hence. The banyan which brought your
letter told me, as you writ, that he had 100 corge of baftas,
which I did desire to have sight thereof, but as yet I hear nothing
from him. I shall well like of them if a pennyworth may be had
or as good cheap as we do now buy ; and so to deliver a letter for
payment there.

And in your letter, Mr. Elkington, you do much admire I do
affect privately so much as to send away Esay Butt. Now
Mr. Farewell and Mr. Ball being gone, for their being absent it
was necessary both or none, or myself and Mr. Ball (which was
not so fit for me to neglect this business here) ; and for Esay
Butt it was thought meet by yourself when I was there I should
return him, not for any particular meaning of thought to be
private, for I do affect it as little as any, and for such as are
appointed in this business with me do and shall know of all that
passeth as far forth as myself, and for such I am a companion to
run alongst withal and with others a friend and companion too,
but not in my business, I mean Esay Butt, unless the Company
had thought it fit to join him with me in commission ; then
should I have been well pleased. For the security of the estate



284 EAST IXD/A COMPANY'S RECORDS

of the business, it is secure here as there by the grace of God,
and if you please to send a better guard they shall be welcome.
Thus, with hearty commendations to yourself and the rest, I

commit you all to God.

Your loving friend,

John Oxwicke.

Mr. Farewell is returned with Mr. Ball and now we will b
to pack. They have bought no indigo.





230

A Court called the 9th of January, 1614.

HEREAS the James, Globe and Osiander riding in the
road of Bantam, two of them, viz. tin- James and
Osiander, being laden and ready to set sail, the third
being the Globe newly arrived, in consideration of
their unfitness to proceed of their pretended voyage for England,
per reason of their great need of men and other nccessiti'
general court was called by Captain Marlowe and Mr. Floris by
reason of their wants this 9th January, 1614, wherein they
demand men for their supply, not daring, nor no ways holding
it convenient, to set sail with so weak a company as each of them
have at present, having no other ships or means to supply their
wants but the Osiander and Concord, it being held fitting by all
the court that one ship should proceed to the Molluccocs for-
merly pretended, as well for a future good unto the right wor-
shipful Company as a present benefit in her now intended
voyage ; it being with deliberation thought and well considered
of by all in general in the present court, and finding an impossi-
bility that all the ships, manned as they are, can proceed without
great danger and hazard both to the ships and goods, therefore
of force one must stay to supply the wants of the other two, it
was concluded in general that the Osiander was the fittest ship to



EAST INDIA COMPANY'S RECORDS 285

stay for the supply of the James and Globe, by reason she is
of least charge and fittest to stay in the country, her men to be
divided according to their wants and to be put into the James
and Globe ; Edward Christian, formerly captain of the Osiander
to be captain and commander of the Globe in as ample manner
as formerly was Captain Hippon ; Master Peter Floris to deliver
him the king's commission for the better government of the ship
and men ; Nathaniel Salmon, formerly master of the Osiander,
to go into the Globe there to remain master, and John Skinner,
formerly master of the Globe, he being willing to do the Com-
pany service here in the country, to go into the Osiander, there
to remain master ; and Walter Bennett, formerly appointed
master of the Concord, to go into the James there to remain
master's-mate ; and Mr. Alexander, formerly master's-mate of the
Osiander, to go into the Speedwell there to remain master ; the
Concord to remain a roader in the road of Bantam until further
supply from England, and the Osiander being thought a fitter
ship to proceed of a voyage formerly pretended to the Molluc-
coes. And whereas it was formerly concluded that the James
being ready should go over for Moroffe and there to abide the
coming of the Globe, it is now ordered that she shall proceed for
the Cape of Good Hope and there to stay the coming of the
Globe thirty days, and if the Globe shall not come thither within
the term of so many days, she is then to slay at St. Hellenna
fifteen days in hope of the Globe's coming thither, having here
entered into agreement, meeting at either of these places within
the time afore-limited to hold consortship without parting each
from other until they arrive in England, except stress of weather
force them thereunto, each assisting one another both with
defence and all comforts what they may. In confirmation
whereof they have hereunto set their hands in the presence of
Captain Jourdain and the rest of the factors, Captain Marlowe
and Captain Christian having each of them a copy hereof whose
names are on the other side.

Edmond Marlowe. John Jourdain. George Chauncey.

Edward Christian. George Ball. Richard Cobb.

Peter Floris. Richard Westby. Samuel Boyle.

John Davis. John Baylie. William Nicolls.




286 EAST INDIA COMPANY'S RECORDS

231

Thomas Aldworthc to John Oxwicke, Christopher Farewell,
and Bayly Ball, at Baroche.

Amadavas, this 12th of January, 1614.

[R. OXWICKE, Mr. Farewell, Mr. Ball, I kindly com-
mend me to you etc. Your three letters yesternight I
received, with the bags of divers musters, perceiving
the deceitful making of indigoes in those parts, whereof
I spake enough at my being there with Mr. Edwards and the rest,
though then not hearkened unto ; wherefore, the case standing as
now it doth, and having received letters from our General for our
speedy despatch, for that he will not stay beyond the end of this
present month, we are now to use all diligence to that effect and
so I could wish you all to make the best of that business you have
begun, that it may be in good sort sent to the ships with what
convenient speed you may. In my opinion [Narranse ought?] to
be free from damage, being employed by you [there?] for that
business and therefore you must now compose it that it may
turn to the least disadvantage you can for all sides, reserving
always your credits, that no imputation be justly laid upon the
English. I hope you will have ready there one hundred fardlcs at
least, that trial may be made at home what good will be done
therewith. It is now too late to send you musters which you
write for, and we, being in the business at present, must now go
through it, hoping to despatch ourselves herehence by the 20th
of this instant, with indigo enough to lade the Solomon, if not
the Hector. I pray you to get as much cotton yarn as you may,
with all things else according to order, that you may have all things
ready by the time limited and to mark your fardles of indigo with
the letter B, to be known from the rest. And thus in haste I
commend you all to God's good protection.

Your loving friend,

Tho. Aldworthe.

If you did not heretofore acquaint Mr. Ball with your pro-
ceedings you did ill, but if you did, then you ought to rebuke



EAST INDIA COMPANY'S RECORDS 287

Mr. Ball that wrote to the contrary ; for you needed not to use
your comparisons with [us ?] except we had first written you
that we could aim better at the Company's business than your-
self. Howsoever, I am glad of your care and sufficiency.

Tho. Aid.

I have given your foot-post two mamoodies. I pray you send
him forthwith to Suratt with these letters.





232

[Wm. Nicolls ?] to the East India Company.
Sent by Capt. Marlowe, in the James.
In Bantam, this 14th of January, 1614.

|IGHT Worshipful, My humble duty remembered, etc.
It may please you my last was from Tecoo by Captain
Newport in the Expedition, wherein I certified of all
things pertinent. Since which, by means of a leak in
the Osiander through the worm, Captain Christian was forced to
set sail for Bantam to new sheathe, leaving me (as General Best
had formerly appointed) principal, and three others to assist me,
viz. (sic) The 10th of January 1613 he departed from Tecoo, and
the 26th of June following returned ; in which time of his absence
I sold some 18 bales of your goods, having left me 30 bales and
bought of pepper only 41 bahars, being one day permitted trade
and the other none. The cause was by that the Governor and
Pon Leema precedent had hope to have brought us to their own
bows, to give their own price in commodity and for pepper when
the ship returned, making account that we should have been tied
to such a strait, what through her great quantity of goods and
want of relading, that they might make their own markets on us.
But their hopes were frustrate and our hand better to your Wor-
ships' profits, although the hazard something to have lived so long
amongst so rude a nation in so weak a case, but only with four



288 EAST INDIA COMPANY'S RECORDS

persons in all, whereof two, viz. John Postle, an honest, careful
man, and Thomas Symons, surgeon's mate, were two-thirds of
the time very sick, and only left myself and Richard Lane to
effect all kinds of business by day, as watch by turns the whole
night, to our most unmeasurable toil and danger of loss of goods
and lives, having been many times assaulted to be robbed with
three or four ways broken into our yard by night and even
the walls attempted to be cut down upon us, which we still pre-
vented by good heed, many times shooting off our muskets
through the walls of our house to their great danger, although
our hap was never to light on any one of them, as they lost their
hopes.

At last the ioth of January aforesaid arrived Captain Christian
in the Osiander, whom I fully possessed with all occurrences
passed in the pursuit of my business, advising him to threaten
them to complain unto the king for having denied me that quiet
trade which he had granted by his letter and warned them to
afford the English, as also declaring our great loss sustained
thereby, which I told them still in private, the captain might
not dare but complain of and prove the king's mind, not only for
the present abuses but for the time future, that thereafter your
Worships might accordingly dispose of your shipping for mer-
chandising from Suratt, and not furnish goods for that place
where were wild abuses offered ; all which savoured of some truth
with them, insomuch as they persuaded the owners of the pepper
to sell us for 12 baftas the bahar, pretending to them that their
former purposes were for their especial avail, which not taking
effect, they should do them but reason to content us at present,
and free them from danger which they were in, if we complained ;
yet underhand we were forced to give to the Governor and Pon
Leema if dollars and for the king's custom one dollar or bafta
upon each bahar, which all charges stood your Worships in
14I dollars the bahar first penny ; and all charges added doth not
stand your Worships in above 15^ dollars, having bought neither
more nor less than 525 bahars, 2 qrs., 22 catties, as by the account
thereof hereinclosed. So would I have given your Worships an
exact account of all my sales of your goods in form of debtor and
creditor, but Captain Christian demanding view of my day-book



EAST INDIA COMPANY'S RECORDS 2S9

at sea, when I was very sick of a fever, I delivered it unto him,
which now he detaineth, pretending it belongeth only unto him
to give your Worships an account, being principal by name in the
business, but not by nature, for I have not only sold your goods
for gold even all that were uttered at Tecoo, but bought and
bargained for all the pepper likewise, which was never had in
those parts by any English for less than rive dollars more the
bahar, all charges cast into a medium, which Captain Christian
seeing maketh account to assume all as done by himself by
accounting unto your Worships ; and yet was always willing I
should do all things therein by pain and labour ; even as in his
purser's books for the Dragon it is manifest I have taken two-
thirds of the pains, as witnesseth my handwriting extant in the
same. Thus of due doth belong a portion of poundage unto me,
which I submit to your Worships' pleasures, who did ship me for
his mate and not his man.

Since our arrival here, being the 26th day of November last,
I have weighed out of the Osiander and put aboard the James for
the account of your Worships' Tenth Voyage the number of
100 bahars of pepper, each bahar containing 400 lbs. net, being
weighed by bars of lead marked, and was so much delivered
aboard, by her being over deep, and some chests of silk to be put
in her which Captain Christian hath solely bought, I not being
worthy to know aught, although appointed by General Best as
his merchant and with strict admonishment that he take my help
and advice in any of your business, as also use me better than
formerly he had done ; but pride was always predominant in his
bosom, that even the merchants here of ancient experience were
not wise enough to counsel him for the buying his silks, which,
his self-conceit carrying him, he bought at a dearer rate than
ordinary ; so did Captain Jourdain tell him of it at the table two
or three times, alleging unto him that General Best left order that
no English merchant of what voyage soever should meddle in any
bargaining without their advice ; but his manner is to seem to do
more than indeed he can effectually perform, or how should he
look for further employment in the nature of a captain from your
Worships, which he may not let slip opportunity to maintain, be
it to your Worships' manifest damage rather. For it may please
Y 1268. u



ago EAST INDIA COMPANY'S RECORDS

you to understand the Globe arrived here the 3rd present, and
the 9th past was a council held here ashore, touching a supply of
men that both the James and she stood in to carry them f<>r
England ; where it was thought fittest and so determined that
the Osiander's lading to be put into the Globe and men to be
distributed as aforesaid ; only Edward Christian's captainship
being like to be frustrate, he peremptorily started up uttering in
open court that unless he might go home captain of the Globe he
would not consent or yield to the same, preferring his most
abominable pride before your profits, who have raised him, as
myself, from the cart to the court. All which Mr. Floris seeing,
answered in flexible manner : You shall have the commission of
Captain Hippon rather than I will stand out in it to the damage
of the worshipful Company; having more wit in his finger, as the
saying is, than he hath in his head, for I never saw his works
aught worthy of praise but his words great ; having threatened
me (when I have denied him the sale of his goods before your
own) that it were better for me to please him anyway than to
contend with him, he being in place of command and to be at
home before me, where his tale will be heard before mine and can
do me mischief or good at his pleasure ; all spoken before
Mr. Salmon, master now of the Globe, even in the great cabin
aboard the Osiander at his departure for Bantam to sheathe, which
I daresay Mr. Salmon will not avouch, by his having opened a
chest of money at Suratt out of the Osiander's hold, taking 100/.
out to employ for his own, Mr. Oliver's and Ralph Crofte,
purser's, private benefits, which the Captain knowing of he feareth
will discover to your Worships, if he should not persevere to
please him by saying anything. But I refer myself to your Wor-
ships' able understandings, whom I beseech to give me the privi-
lege of a thief, not to condemn me before trial, and then I shall
fear none ill, having always endeavoured my best, without respect
of my private profit ; but that little which I have gained hath
been of my wits gathered out of the customers, whereof Captain
Christian hath shared even by force, and by this only means I
have maintained myself in clothing befitting my place in your
Worships' so great designs, which my whole wages of 30s. per
month, were it paid me all, would but barely do. But as I prove



EAST INDIA COMPANY'S RECORDS 291

I doubt not the least of reward, to which I refer me most
willingly, minding always to prosecute your business with all
ardency, when and wheresoever I shall be put unto it. Yet I
fear me that Captain Christian's private false devices here of me
may work me mischief, being so disdainful as I have always found
him, but for no other cause but the motioning my best opinion in
your Worships' business. For it may please you, having at
Cotatinga (Kataping?) sold all your baftas and only left some
defect goods, which three or four merchants would have bought
(a little underhand) and cleared away together ; the which I
acquainted him withal and to accept of it, that we might clear
thence and seek the rest of our lading at Priaman or Tecoo,
saying further that, admit 20 or 30 dollars be lost at the most,
what is it to despatch in a day, by which certain charge of the
ship is eschewed, and the more time at Pryaman and Tecoo the
better hopes of good bargains, which I had cause to fear, having
had greater experience of them than Captain Christian ; but he
would not accept thereof, his will being his greater reason alleged
to me ; and afterwards I could not attain so great a bargain, that
I must tell him my mind of force before I could get him to yield
to make despatch, viz. I answered him plainly : " Captain, you
have good store of goods of your own, which you value for more
than will be had at present, and your hopes of better sales for
them causeth you to reject my counsel ; I seeing day at a little
hole, for I proceeded in my honest heart's intention : If you should
sell the Company's goods away then indeed, Captain, you have
no colour to stay about your own private market ; " whereat he
grew into a rage, threatening to charm my tongue by blows,
although all my words were not only mixed with fit terms as to a
commander but tending to your undoubted profits. But how-
soever my words, he continued there at least six weeks about his
said private business, having only by chance afterward bought
about some 24 bahars of pepper, that at that present he had no
hope of by ground of any reason, only the Andrapora (Indrapura)
men, hearing of our being at Cotatinga in' their way to Tecoe, did
by contrary winds put into Padonge (Padang), some four leagues
to the southward of us, and so came to deal with us. For these
and other my true sayings unto him in your Worships' behalf, he

u 2



392 EAST IXDIA COMPANY'S RECORDS

doth most maliciously envy mc and for aught I perceive hath
prevailed here. But my conscience is as a thousand witnesses
that I cannot doubt of God's justice, who knoweth the secrets of
all hearts, and that in those countries I can do more in a day
than he can in three, having (as he knows) sufficient language and
more love amongst all the people, if he will acknowledge it ; but
by that it may somewhat impair his credit, he will hardly do.

Since my being here I have been very sick of a flux, in which
time I have writ out part of my journal, I mean so much as con-
cerns your business and herewith do send it. What is therein
contained is as true as, I thank God, I live in health I
newly of that disease by good means under God from this b<
Mr. Wootton.

I have delivered unto Captain Christian the account of the
Dragon's Tenth Voyage, which is formally declared, as is fit \"tir
business should be, but through weakness of my body at its
writing it is but raggedly written, yet legible, and such as you
may perceive I can give a tit account; ami therefore the Captain
cannot pretend of my insufficiency in that behalf, although not
excellent by my but slender practice in the same. What is wanting



Online LibraryEast India CompanyLetters received by the East India company from its servants in the East (Volume 2) → online text (page 26 of 35)