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in mc I will strive to amend.

[Unsigned.]




233

George Chauncey to the East India Company, by the James.
Bantam, the 15th of January, 1614.

IGHT Worshipful Sir, my service remembered etc.
May it please your Worships to understand that my
last unto your Worships was of the 14th of January
1612 per the Hector, since which I have perused one
of your Worships' letters by the Concord, by which letter I
perceive your Worships received mine ; wherein I gave your
Worships to understand of the Globe's proceeding and the




EAST INDIA COMPANY'S RECORDS 293

James for the coast of Coremondell. And now that your Wor-
ships may be advertised what hath passed since, may it please
you to understand that we arrived with the James the 6th of
June 1613, in the road of Petepoley (Petapoli), whereas having
a cowl for trade we landed what goods and moneys was thought
fitting for that place, whereas myself being appointed chief with
Mr. Brockedon for that employment. So leaving Mr. Brockedon
there, I went in the ship for Massulapatam. So about the
20th ditto we arrived in the road of Massulapatam, whereas
Mr. Gourney being there settled, and I having served the way
of that trade so far as my knowledge did give me leave, I
returned again to Petepoley, whereas we made sale of our goods
and made our employments again, in such commodities as by
our instructions we had of Mr. Peter Floris and Mr. Lucas
Antheunis. So that Mr. Gourney having made his employment in
Masulapatam and embarked all his goods, the ship coming to
Petepoley, in the meantime about the fine of December arrived
the Globe in the road of Massulapatam with Captain Essington,
Peter Floris and Adam Denton. So it being held fit for the
good of both voyages, that Adam Denton should proceed with
the James by reason of his experience in those parts where the
James were to go, and myself to stay with Mr. Floris for the
service of the Globe, which accordingly we have done. So the
James set sail for Bantam from Petepoley the 8th day of Feb-
ruary, 1613, and myself arrived some 5 days after in Masulapa-
tam, whereas I found Mr. Floris, but the ship was gone for the
river of Narsuparpeta to be trimmed and also Captain Essington
remained there to see it performed, till the 17th of May he ended
this life; upon whose death Mr. Floris went thither to see all
matters whatsoever set in order ; and by reason of his great
business in Masulapatam he could not spare my absence, so he
established Mr. Skinner to see all matters whatsoever performed.
But he not being so careful as he might have been that
Mr. Floris was constrained to send me thither and to discharge
Mr. Skinner, which I did and arrived in Narsuparpeta the 19th of
July, and having taken account of Mr. Skinner of all land matters
I remained there till the 3rd of October our ship, being careened,
thanks [be to] God, came safe over the bar of Narsuparpeta and,



294 EAST INDIA COMPANY'S RECORDS

having taken all her provision in, she was by force of winds and
foul weather broke from her cable and lost her anchor; so that
she was forced to Masulapatam road, where she arrived safe,
thanks be to God, the 23rd ditto. But I, having discharged all
business both for ship and shore, arrived in Masulapatam four
days before the ship. So at our coming thither rinding Mr. Floris
almost ready, only the Governor and two or three more to
be indebted about 8 or 9,000 rials, and that their time of pay-
ment being seven months past and still driving us off from day
to day ; so in the end, seeing little hope of payment or none at
all to be expected, we agreed to take the Governor's son prisoner,
which the 24th of November we performed out of the king's
custom house and carried him aboard our ship prisoner in spite
of 1,000 of his people, to the Company's benefit, the honour of
our king and country and to the great content of all the Moors.
This Governor is indebted to the Dutch 7,000 rials and hath
been this seven years but they will never get a cash from him.
This Governor is a Brahman and a very great tyrant. So
Mr. Floris going aboard with the Governor's son, left me ashore
to receive our debts, which I did in six days and laded them
aboard in indigo, cinnamon and cotton yarn. For all matters
which passed in this conflict I refer your Worships to the mouths
of Mr. Floris and the rest when it shall please God to send them
to your Worships in safety, for it is too tedious to set down.
So we making as good [speed ?] as possibly we could we set sail
from Massulapatam the 8th day of December and in 26 days we
arrived safe in Bantam road, whereas we found roaders the
James, the Osiander, the Concord and Speedwell, where upon
our coming there was held a court, where it was generally agreed
upon that the James and Globe should proceed home, and by
reason of want of men of both ships so it was agreed that the
Concord should stay here in the road till a new supply, and her
men to supply the other two ships Globe and James, and the
Osiander to go to the Molouckes, and Captain Christian to be
captain of the Globe and Mr. Salmon to be master, and
Mr. Skinner to go master in the Osiander for the Molouckes
with Mr. Ball chief merchant, and for myself to go a passenger
in the same ship for Macassar there to remain chief and to do



EAST INDIA COMPANY'S RECORDS 295 .

your Worships the best service I am able to the uttermost of my
power, if it please God to send me my health ; for at this present
I being very sick and weak am not able to write your Worships
at large, but what I have let pass I refer your Worships to
Mr. Floris and Captain Marlowe who I doubt not but will certify
your Worships at large. The Globe will [be ready ?] to set sail
in 15 days and the Osiander, but because I would not altogether
be thought negligent I have thought fit to certify your Worships
somewhat of our proceedings, though not so large as I ought ;
but I beseech your Worships to hold me excused being at present
very ill. So with my prayers to God for your Worships' happy
proceedings in all your actions, I rest

Your Worships' servant to command,

George Chauncey.




234

Thomas Elkington to John Oxwicke at Baroche.
Laus Deo. In Surat, the 19th January, 1614.

R. OXWICKE, I heartily commend me unto you with
desire of your health etc. My last unto you was of
the 17th present per Bamond, since which have
received yours of the 12th, 15th and 17th present ;
and with yours of the 12th a bill of exchange of 2,258 mamoodies,
which at sight thereof I paid. Your other bill of 660 mamoodies
was yesternight presented late unto me ; this morning, God
willing, when the party cometh it shall be paid.

I perceive of eight carts come from Amadavar you have
passed over the river ; I wonder we have no certain advice from
Mr. Aldworthe thereof. Long since he writ me there should
be 808 maunds thereof, which I conceive cannot come in eight
carts ; so it may be there are more carts of this complement yet
behind. It seems it is to go directly to Swally ; God grant there
be no stoppage in the way. Hitherto I hear not more of it.



396 EAST INDIA COMPANY'S RECORDS

Also we understand that as this night you purpose to send away
such goods as you had in readiness, whereof I pray take such
order that we may hear when it cometh to Veriaw (Variao),
whereby we may procure the customers to go thither to despatch
it for Swafly, and with it I pray send testimonial of the cus-
tomers there and brokers of the quantity and what it costeth, for
the more easier despatch thereof.

The chop you write I sent of the Nabob's scrveth only for
despatch of the goods, but for the custom you arc fain to pay,
which I think is not to be avoided; for so wc arc forced to pay
for the cloths that went from hence.

The antelopes you write you will send shall be carefully looked
unto.

We have news for certain that the Viceroy with 9 ships and
some 40 frigates was four days past at Barsall (Bulsar?) some
27 course from the bar of Surat, where hourly wc expect to hear
of his approach. Some 40 frigates other are already come, who
sent a man up to entreat of peace with the Nabob ; to whom
yesterday the Shabunder went, but as yet not returned. I doubt
it is some trick of the Portingals to feed them with hopes and
then suddenly to come upon them.

Mr. Aldworth hoped to despatch all and come away by the
20th of this present and to be fitted with sufficient, with what
you provide at Baroch, to lade home the Hector. I have since
the 8th writ you many letters, viz. of the 7th with 14th, 15th and
17th present, all which I hope ere this are come unto your hands.
Not having others at present, with commendations to Mr. Fare-
well, Mr. Ball, etc., I commit you to God's holy protection and

rest

Your loving friend,

Tho. Elkington.

Since the writing of the former, I have received letters from
our General that seven of the Portingal ships yesterday were in
sight but as far off at sea as they could perceive them.




EAST INDIA COMPANY'S RECORDS 297

235

Thomas Keridge to the East India Company (sent by the Hope).
Laus Deo. In Agemere, the 20th January, 1614.

|ONOURABLE and Right Worshipful,

My humble duty remembered etc. The 20th of
September past I wrote your Worships of the past
and sent it Mr. Aldworthe to have been conveyed per
way of Muselepatan, when in the interim it pleased God to send
Captain Downton and those ships under his command to Suratt
in safety (blessed be God for so high a favour). One of them
Mr. Aldworthe hath written me goeth directly for England, per
whom I have advised him to send the said letters, whereunto I
refer me.

At the coming of these your ships Mr. Aldworthe advised
me of Mr. Wm. Edwards appointed chief for your Worships'
negotiations in these parts, and that below it was concluded he
should be resident at the court, which for many reasons is requi-
site, not only for giving satisfaction to the king, and right to us
for many abuses which else will be offered, but also for the dis-
persing of our commodities and people in these parts etc. He
wrote me also of a present brought for the king, and that
Mr. Edwards purposed not to show the same to Mocrob Chan
nor any other until it came unto the king's view, which knowing
it would be difficult for him to perform, I procured the king's
letter unto him for that purpose wherein he commanded Mocrob
Chan to suffer the presents pass unopened. And therewith I wrote
unto the General etc. of such things as, in my opinion, had been
requisite to have been done before the lieger's coming thence ;
but in their answer to me perceive Mr. Edwards was departed
before the receipt thereof and his present perused, which at the
coming of other ships may be prevented, for the king will be
best pleased to have the first sight himself. And now I am in
daily expectation of the lieger's coming. God send him in safety.
I hope he is well furnished with toys for the king and nobility,
will (which ?) above all things will here prevail and cause our
business to go current, whereof I nothing doubt so long as they



298 EAST fNDIA COMPANY'S RECORDS

bring sufficient force to resist their enemies, who by all possible
means endeavour to root us hence, for which cause they pretend
their present wars with this people, who think it reason that in
regard the Portingals have done them so many injuries for our
cause, we also should do something to assist them; and I think
it will be required of the lieger at his coming hither, for some of
them have propounded the same unto me and I wish that all
your ships had authority so to do. Then would not our enemies
be so forward in seeking to prejudice us, but have much to do to
preserve their own, whereas the want thereof doth embolden
them to any mischief. The Viceroy of Goa in a letter lately
written to this king wrote very basely of our nation, terming us
thieves, disturbers of states and a people not to be permitted in
a commonwealth, and that if the king received us they would
never have peace with him, but do him all possible prejudice,
threatening to effect some great exploit upon these your ships,
and after to take all the seaports. A copy of this letter I desired
to have sent your Worships but could not procure it, being it
was only interpreted unto the king and not translated. Another
letter formerly written from the Viceroy to a Jesuit now in Suratt
was intercepted, the copy whereof I procured and have sent the
translation herewith, that your Worships may the better perceive
the present business betwixt this people and the Portingals.
Since much mischief hath been done this people on the sea coast,
the relation whereof I refer to your people in Suratt, who have
more certain notice.

At the coming of these ships Mr. Aldworthe wrote me they
purposed to send up hither 1,000/. to be invested in round
indigo of Agra and that in four days I should expect the same,
wishing me to advise Nicholas Withington for his care and haste
therein, who being in Agra I sent the copy of the said letter unto
him, and he in expectation of the promised moneys bought some
500/. worth of indigo upon credit, to be paid in ten days after,
and dispeeding the same with a parcel formerly in readiness, all
was seized on by the Governor of Agra, who about that time had
received a sharp letter from the king, blaming his neglect for
letting the goods of certain Portingals unattached and wrote him
he should look well that no Frangueis' goods were transported



EAST INDIA COMPANY'S RECORDS 299

from thence, upon which letter to show his diligence he hindered
the departure of ours, including us within the word Frangueis ;
whereof having intelligence, I procured from the king his man-
date unto the Governor for the releasing of it, and that futurely
he should not meddle with any goods appertaining unto the Eng-
lish ; and accordingly at sight thereof the goods were redelivered,
and that taken upon credit Nicholas Withington again restored
to their owners, for neither moneys nor bills of exchange came to
make payment, which caused him to doubt all things went not
well with our people at Suratt. And hearing divers uncertain
reports of our ships he wrote me he thought fit not to send the
other indigo until farther advice from thence, we having received
but one letter since the ship's arrival. In my answer I blamed
his oversight and wished him to send the goods presently away,
and few days after received letter from Mr. Aldworthe to the
same effect ; upon the receipt whereof he sent it, being 33 fardles
of indigo, which three days since came hither, and the next day
I sent it hence, but much doubt it will not come in time to go
home upon the first ship, which, as they write, shall depart by
the 20th of February, so impossible for these goods to be there
by that time. Mr. Canning's things also which were left at Agra
are sent therewith.

Concerning Midnall's goods, in my last I certified your Wor-
ships how far I had proceeded. Since have been in suit with the
Frenchman and recovered from him more unto the former, in
goods and moneys almost to the value of 100/. ; but he with the
Jesuits' help and the testimony of other Christians here, who
were eye witnesses to the conclusion betwixt Newman and Mid-
nail in Espahawne (Ispahan) and I in defence laid so upon the
Frenchman and Jesuits' cozenage in this business, that the king
thought neither of us had sufficient right thereunto ; so disposed
of it to his own use and willed the moneys to be delivered into
his treasury and the goods unto his household officers to be spent.
Notwithstanding, by the help of letters from Suratt and extra-
ordinary presents (with a private gift) and means used, I have
recovered it, and before the coming of your ships the king granted
the restoring thereof unto me, wherein I have had incredible
pains, first in getting the king's grant firmed by the nobility



300 EAST INDIA COMPANY'S RECORDS

and after his second confirmation thereof (as a matter merely of
gift), and since in seeking out what is become of the goods, which
is delivered to so many men that it is beyond credit intricate,
chargeable and tedious to recover (which I hope will by your
Worships be considered), not so much for the sum, which is
small, as the credit to our nation. I have received some 3,400
rupees in ready money and am now labouring for moneys for the
goods, which received I have a farther claim to the Frenchman
and have stopped 100/. of his wages in the king's hands for
certain moneys he oweth Midnall and goods missing which he
denieth etc.

I have not received any notice from below what quantities of
commodities are brought upon these ships ; so cannot directly
advise of what were needful per the next. In my last I wrote
what quantities of cloth were fitting, which of our commodities
is the chiefest in request here (I mean for quantity), viz. 400
broadcloths, whereof the one half may be stammels and Venice
reds ; the rest popinjays, yellows and grass greens ; and of all
colours that are light, smaller quantities ; no sad blues nor sad
colours at any hand. And if amongst the said parcel you send
some 40 or 50 cloths of higher than ordinary price, for the court,
I think they would give content and sell pro rato for as much
profit as the others ; they may be of price from 15 to 20I. per
cloth, sorted for colours as the rest ; great care ought to be had
both in cloth and colour, for in the Dragon there came much
slight cloth at high rates, which disgraceth the commodity, for
they are not ignorant in the goodness as is supposed. Coarse
cloths you may not send, for within 40 miles of this place it is to
be had cheaper than in England. Devon kerseys also about 100
or 150 pieces will vent, for having disposed of those we brought
they now desire of them, sorted for colours as the cloths. And
for that this people much desire novelties and toys, in my opinion
it were not amiss if you caused three or four hundred pounds
yearly to be employed in Vennyce for that purpose, viz. looking-
glasses of all fashions set and unset, Venetian drinking glasses
and dishes of all sorts, pictures painted, printed, in wood, in
stone, in wax, and such-like toys, of all sorts some small quantity ;
and if you procured a small crystal chest to set jewels in of



EAST INDIA COMPANY'S RECORDS 301

five, six, or seven hundred dollars in price, I think it would be
esteemed, for the king hath seen some such. Five hundred or a
thousand sword blades crooked, of this country fashion, may be
vented at 4, 5 and 6 dollars the piece, provided they be of such
metal that with bending they neither break nor rest crooked ;
otherwise they will not be esteemed. And for the king some toys
of new invention ; for so in his firmans to his port governors he
writes for things which none hath seen.

In my last I wrote unto your Worships for the disposing of
my wages for the time past. Now, considering my stay here is
likely to be long, I am a further suitor unto your Worships that
you will be pleased to increase my allowance and to appoint my
place in your service. I hope the small experience which (for
your service) I have obtained may make me fit to deserve it ;
however my best endeavours shall not be missing. And for that
it pleaseth you to extend your favours to such as serve an East
Indian voyage in preferring their place and means in a second
employment, and considering I have served like time, I am em-
boldened to presume on your favours also, which shall give me
encouragement to hazard myself in any business that may
redound to the benefit of your Worships. And thus, wishing
prosperous events to this and all other your worthy designs, in
my best devotion I recommend your Worships to the Almighty's
most gracious protection, and rest

Your Worships' humblest servant,

Tho. Keridge.

Postscript. вАФ All sorts of jewels are here in good request and
ballasses if brought from England will sell to good profit. They
must be fair and of the lightest that are to be gotten, of 30,
40 or 50 carats but none under 20, for the smaller sorts they
esteem not.

Tho. Ker.




302 EAST INDIA COMPANTS RECORDS

236

George Chauncey to the East India Company.
Sent per the Globe.
Bantam, the 21st January, 1614.
IGHT Worshipful Sir, my service remembered etc. My
last unto your Worships was of the 15th ditto per the
James, since which time nothing of importance hath
happened ; but whereas it was thought fittest for the
Osiander to proceed to the Molocoes, but now the Osiander's
pepper being laden aboard the Globe, they do find her not at
present sufficient, by reason the monsoon for the Molocoes being
almost spent ; therefore for the quicker despatch it is thought
fittest to proceed with Concord for Macaser and the Molocoes,
who at present is laden and all provisioned, with God's help to
set sail to-morrow, whom I beseech God prosper for His mercy's
sake. Here followeth the copy of my last of the 15th ditto sent
by the James.

[The rest of the letter is a recapitulation of his previous letter of
15th January (0. C. 233) ' .

Your Worships* servant to command,

George Chauncey.
I could find in my heart to go home to come a captain out
because I would do, as they do, domineer over merchants, which is
a great grief to the liegers in the country, but I hope your Wor-
ships [ ] will see to such matters.

237

Thomas Elkington to John Oxwicke in Baroche.

Laus Deo. In Surrat, the 21st January, 1614.

jOVING Friend, your health etc. My last to you was

of the 19th present per your peon of return ; wherein

I wrote you of the Viceroy's coming to the bar, where

he rid quietly till yesterday and then sent three ships

to Swally with 35 or 36 frigates, whereupon one of our smallest

ships went out and fought with them and in the end forced the




EAST INDIA COMPANY'S RECORDS 303

frigates to fly and took the three ships, which after an hour's
possession our General set on fire. I have not any writing hereof
but confirmed by many messengers to the Nabob, and make no
doubt of the truth thereof. God grant us the like success with
the rest, and make us thankful for this. If your goods were not
in the way I could wish you till you hear further to keep them
there ; and so I pray do for what goods shall come from Amadavar,
though it may be somewhat chargeable. Our tin I have sold at
39 mamoodies per maund, and am in price for the lead ; as any
occasion shall offer I will write you. This bearer I send for
Amadavar with the news, which I pray delay not ; and so with
commendations to all with you, I commit you to God and rest

Yours always to command,

Tho. Elkington.




238

Thomas Elkington to John Oxwicke in Baroche.
Laus Deo. In Surrat, the 23rd January, 1614.

|OVING Friend, your health desired, etc. My last
[unto you ?] was of the 21st, wherein I wrote you the
success [our ?] General had with the Portingals on
Friday in the afternoon, which since is confirmed by
some of our own people that are come hither about some busi-
ness. The Hope being the first that began the fight, being at
once laid aboard per the three Portingal ships and as many
Portingal frigates as could lie about her, having entered their
men into her and twice got their forecastle (?) but they very
lustily shipped (?) them off again till such time as the other ships
came and rescued her, else they would have put her in great
danger. The Portingals came running aboard with great resolu-
tion, not so much as shooting a shot, but their courages were
soon quailed. There were in their three ships many cavaliers, the
most part whereof were most miserably burned and drowned ; so
is the [report ?] they lost in all between four and five hundred



304 EAST INDIA COMPANY'S RECORDS

men. Of our people were slain in the Hope two and hurt some
15 or 16, and her mainmast top and head a little burnt ; two
killed in the Hector, whereof the coxswain one, killed [
of a piece which he had not well sponged. God make [us ?]
thankful for so good a beginning.

Yours of the 21st present I have received, with notes of
[ ] custom-house, which I hope will somewhat stead us in

the ?] clearing of our goods. I perceive what goods you have
[sent ?] , which this night I expect will be in Veriaw, where
order shall be taken for them ; but pray you not to [send ?] any
more till you hear further, as also to stay [ ] such goods as

shall either come from Amadavar or Cambaya, till we see whether
our General, whilst he remaincth on these terms with the Portin-
gals, would take in any goods or not. If not, I think they would
be in more safety with you than us.

I have of late received divers of your letters, which I have not



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