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now time to look the particular dates, but think they are all you
have sent ; and have paid four of your bills of exchange, the last
being of 800 mamoodies. As any more cometh they shall like-
wise be paid. There is to come from Cambaya 50 churls indigo
with some other things, all charges whereof, they write me, are
paid. Notwithstanding [I received?] a letter from a banyan who
writes that the goods are arrived at Jambuser but wanteth money
and charges. If they should not be come to Baroch at receipt
hereof, I pray send some one thither to take order about them.
If you should much want baskets for the packing of your indigo,
if you write they shall be sent you. Thus, with commendations
to Mr. Farewell and Mr. Ball, I commit you to God and rest,

Your loving friend,

Thomas Elkington.

There were in the fight sunk some six or seven frigates.





EAST INDIA COMPANY'S RECORDS 305

239

Thomas Elkington to John Oxwicke in Baroche.

In Surrat, the 24th January, 1614.

OVING Friend, I heartily commend me unto you, etc.
Yesterday by your peon I wrote you a few lines, to
which I do refer me ; after which, I received yours of
the 22nd, thereby perceiving of the stay of such goods
as you formerly sent at Eaclefere (Ankleswar ?), to which you
had added 48 churles indigo more, all to come together, which
this night I hope will be in Veriaw. God send it in safety.

The 2 covads of cloth you write for, to whomsoever you give
order for the delivery thereof it shall be done, of such colours as
I have here, only a remnant of Venice red and a remnant of
popinjay ; the rest all sent for Agemere.

Yesterday, as also in a former, I wrote you not to send any
goods, as also to stay whatsoever cometh from any other part ;
but since I have advice from our General to bring down goods
and he doubteth not of taking them in by God's help, the Portin-
gals since the last fight remaining quiet and now is thought can
do nothing till the next spring, against which time our General
hopeth to be fitted for them and to have cured the Hope's main-
mast, which if it had not been for that mischance he would this
spring have put them to it to have made an end one way or
other. Therefore now what goods you have ready or what other
cometh from any other parts, I pray send away with as much
speed as you can that we may do what may be done before the
next spring.

Some 30 or 35 of the Portingal frigates yesternight came near
to Surrat, but are again returned and now this morning I hear
that a Padre with a soldier is come from the Viceroy to the
Nabob. It seems they are harking about some peace ; what the
event will be time must learn.

As I wrote you yesterday, if within a day you hear not of the

goods from Cambaya, that you would send order to Jambusyr

about them. Thus, with commendations to Mr. Farewell and

Mr. Ball, whose debtor I pray tell him the Nabob still remaineth

Y 1268. x



3 o6 EAST INDIA COMPANY'S RECORDS

and that as yet we cannot come to make account with ; amidst

other matters I cannot motion his. And so for present I commit

you to God and rest

Your loving friend,

Tho. Elkington.





240

Remembrance for Mr. George Ball, chief merchant of the
Concord for this present voyage to Amboyna, with the help
and assistance of Mr. George Chauncey unto Maccasser, and
after with the help of Mr. George Cokayne, who is to pro-
ceed in lieu of Mr. Chauncey to second you in all business
belonging to the worshipful Company in this your voyage,
which God bless and prosper.

R. GEORGE BALL, It is ordained that you should
be chief factor for the worshipful Company in this
voyage with the help of Mr. George Chauncey until
you come to Maccassar, which is your first port that
you are bound unto, there to take in as much rice as is [there ?]
provided for you, to which purpose the pinnace is sent before,
because you are not there to make stay longer than until the 15th
of February, because of the monsoon, which by that time will be
near ended.

2. And when it shall please God to send you thither in safety,
to take account of Mr. Cokayne and take as much rice into your
ship as you may within the time before limited, as also as much
money as is remaining in the hands of Mr. Cokayne, which I
esteem to be above 5,000 rials of the Sixth and Seventh Voyages,
according to his letters ; and having finished this business, you
are to leave in Maccassar Mr. George Chauncey for chief mer-
chant with some others which you shall think fitting, and receive
Mr. Cokayne into your ship to second you in all your business,
because he is acquainted in those parts where you are bound.



EAST INDIA COMPANY'S RECORDS 307

3. And having ended your business in Macassar with as
much speed as may be, having always a care to the monsoon,
you are to direct your course for Lugho, which is within the
straits of Amboyna upon the island of Seran (Ceram), being some
three leagues from Hitto and a chief town of cloves being upon
the island of Amboyna ; and at your coming to Lugho you need
not make any doubt of your going aland, for the people doth
much affect our nation. You may carry some small present with
you to give to the Governor, who is a Ternatan and maintained
by the Hollanders with order from the king of Ternater, who in
outward show will seem to favour much the Hollanders but yet
will do you all the good he can. But this is not the chief man of
the country, for there is another whose name is Orankaya Tecoos
and is a natural born of the country, whom I think will come |to
speak with you, as soon as he doth understand that you are English.
This man, after you have had conference with him, you may
commend me unto him and give him some small present as you
shall think good : he will advise you of the estate of the country,
and what store of cloves there are to be had at Lugho, Cambell,
Laseda, Hitto and other neighbour towns thereabout. In all
these places, except at Lasede, the Hollanders have factories, but
the people in no subjection to them, although the Hollanders will
inform you the contrary, but you may not believe their fair words
nor threatenings but keep your own business close to yourselves,
and work the best you may to get as many cloves as possibly are
to be had, either by night or day ; and if you have occasion, you
may send the pinnace to and fro to fetch cloves from other places,
but have especial care of Banda ; for if the westerly monsoon
should be ended and the easterly begin to blow it will be hard to
get thither. Therefore upon good advice therein you may leave
Mr. Cokayne at one of those three places with the pinnace to pro-
vide cloves against your coming back from Banda and you to
proceed with the ship thither and confer with the country people
concerning the estate of their business ; and if you perceive them
to be willing of trade and that there be any good to be done, you
may leave there Mr. Sophony Cozucke and Richard Hunte with
one English more, and some black that is willing to serve them.
And if you meet with Mr. Welden at Maccassar, I pray use him

x 2



308 EAST INDIA COMPANY'S RECORDS

with all kindness and entreat him to proceed in that voyage for
Banda to help you to settle there a factory, because he is very
well acquainted with the people, and if he please to stay there he
may be second to Sophony Cozucke. Use all fair means with
him, for I think you shall find him to be an honest man and one
whom Sir Thomas Smith doth affect : he may do the worshipful
Company great service in all places where there is any trade,
because of his language and knowledge of the countries near there
adjoining, and if he hath no mind to stay at Banda, he may stay
in any other place where you shall think fitting to place any
factory ; and if he be not willing to stay in any of these
places then entreat him to come to Bantam, where he may go for
England or the Coast or to some other factory which may content
him better. What goods you shall leave at Banda, I do not
ordain anything, only what you shall think to be fitting according
as you find the country at your coming there, as also for all other
places ; for these matters I refer to your discretion with the
advice of Mr. Cokayne and Mr. Welden, who can give you best
directions therein.

4. For the prices of commodities I doubt not but you will do
your best. If you afford them better cheap than the Hollanders,
it will cause the country people to bring their cloves unto you ; as
also for the prices of cloves you must give them something more
than the Hollanders, which will cause them to bring you all they
have. I paid 70 rials per bahar, the bahar being 6281bs. suttle ;
but I understand that their bahar is something more. Mr. Welden
can show you the certainty thereof.

5. At Maccassar, before you depart, I pray understand if they
have any goods left which is good for those places where you are
bound, and will not sell in Maccasser ; you may take it into the
ship and leave there other commodities which is vendible, ac-
cording to the information you shall have from Mr. Cokayne.

6. If it so fall out that you may have for your commodities
and money more cloves, mace and other commodities than your
ship and pinnace can carry, then if you see occasion you may
freight a junk to bring it to Bantam or Maccasser. But if it
happen that you cannot have cloves enough to lade your ship,
make enquiry where they are to be had at any place near



EAST INDIA COMPANY'S RECORDS 309

thereabout and proceed with your endeavours to get your lading,
provided always that you endanger not yourselves among the
Spaniards or Portingals. As for the Hollanders I know they will
do you no harm, only threaten you and the country people.

7. After you have despatched your business and attained
to your lading, in your way homewards I think it not amiss to
touch at Tymor to see what good may be done there, as also at
Gratia (Gressik), for which purpose you may take a pilot at
Maccassar, and finding those people to be desirous of trade with
us and you seeing any good to be done by sale of cloth or other,
you may confer with them and promise them faithfully that as
soon as you come to Bantam there shall be sent some ships and
goods fitting for the country, of which I pray inform yourself at
large what is most vendible, as also what the country doth yield.

8. And for that I am not certain that shipping will come soon
enough to send for Socadanya (Sukadana) this year and our
people there waiting for reply, upon good consideration among
yourselves you may send the pinnace from Tymor or Gratia for
Socadanya with some commodities, money or gold that you shall
have left, and Mr. Cokayne may go in her to take account of
Nathaniel Courthope, and to remain there chief or come for
Bantam in the pinnace, which I leave in his choice ; and bring or
send all the diamonds which are there bought and leave there
those commodities and others which shall be thought per you
fitting to send thither ; and if the pinnace should be laden with
cloves, the ship not able to contain them, then I hold it not good
that she should go thither laden but come directly for Bantam in
company with the ship, and you to write per some junk for
Socadana how the estate of the business standeth, and the reason
why they have no supply, assuring them that the next monsoon
they shall not fail.

9. You are to spend no longer time in the prosecuting this
business than till the fine of August at farthest, so that you may
be back again at Bantam by the 15th of September ; because
otherwise you may be taken short with the westerly monsoon,
which sometimes is 20 days or a month sooner than other. And
forasmuch as this voyage and others hath been chargeable to the
worshipful Company, I pray have especial care that no private



310 EAST INDIA COMPANY'S RECORDS

trade be used and especially for cloves. If you have not a great
care thereof, the company will be the first merchants, as by
experience I have found, which will be a great hindrance to your
proceedings and much damage to the worshipful Company.

10. Also concerning the provisions of the ship's store, I mean
for victual, I would entreat you to look that it be not lavishly
spent, and that account be taken every week by you and the
master, thereby to know to a day what is left in the ship. You
are to give the master knowledge to what places you are bound ;
he to direct his course accordingly. But for the victuals that
none be spent extraordinary without your order ; not doubting
but that you and the master will agree so together about these
matters and all other which doth concern the good of the,,
worshipful Company with such discretion as that there shall be
no cause of dislike or emulation betwixt you ; which if it should
be otherwise (as God forbid) there may be protestations (?) and in
the end grow to a confusion.

ii. Now in case of mortality, for the matter of succession : if
it should please God to take you Mr. Ball, then George Cokayne
is to succeed you, and so the rest according to their places ; and
if Mr. Skinner shall decease then the merchants with chief officers
of the ship shall by a general consent choose one of his mates that
shall be thought most sufficient for the place, and the next after
him to succeed accordingly.

12. The Captain of Hitto had of me at my being there above
200 rials in presents, he promising to furnish me with ioo bahars
of cloves ; but in the end I could not get one pound of him,
excusing himself until the next year. I pray remember him
of his promise ; it may be he will help you to some store this
year.

I would have Mr. Cokayne to hold his place in Macassar
until his departure from thence, and then deliver it up to Mr.
Chauncey, and in the time of your staying there I pray let
Mr. Cokayne give the best information he can unto him.

I have written a letter to a Portingal merchant resident in
Macassar, who Mr. Cokayne hath commended unto me in his
letters. He is in great favour with the king and may do much
with him ; if you find him to be an honest man I pray hold a



EAST INDIA COMPANY'S RECORDS 311

correspondence with him. He desired a pass from me, which I
pray give him in my name. Thus, not having else at present,
referring the rest to your good discretion, I end and rest

Your loving friend,

Jno. Jourdain.

I pray forget not to advise Mr. Cocks to Jappan from the
Moullucas by convoy of the Hollanders of all business, provided
always that you find some trusty friend. Vale.

If you see Mr. Skinner to take upon him to command any-
thing out of the hold without making you acquainted therewith,
advertise him thereof by persuasions ; and if he doth it the second
time in contempt, then take all into your charge and suffer him
not to have to do with anything belonging to the ship's victuals,
but dispose you of all things according to discretion, etc.

Bantam the 24th of January Anno 1614.

per me Jno. Jourdain.





241

Thomas Elkington to John Oxwicke, in Baroch.
Laus Deo. In Surrat, the 31st January, 1614.

R. OXWICKE, I heartily commend me unto you with
desire of your health etc. My last to you was of the
26th present, since which I have received divers of
yours and paid all such bills of exchange as you have
charged me withal, a particular note of which you shall receive
herewith, as also what cloth and sword blades hath been sent ;
also I have received all such goods as you sent from Baroch and
what came from Cambaya, the which, God be thanked, is aboard
in safety ; and this night departeth from Veryaw the 260 churls
of indigo last come from Amadavar for Swally. God send it like-
wise in safety.

This morning I received yours of the 27th present with [a piece
of?] blue bafta for muster of 30 corge to be delivered here by



312 EAST INDIA COMPANY'S RECORDS

Solomon Mamoud, with whom I have been, but I find them to
rise nothing so good one with another as the muster ; but having
many I have left one to open all his packs and lay by 30 corge
of the best ; and to-morrow, if I find them as good as they should
be, I will take them and pay him his money.

Our Nabob herewith his council hath been concluding a peace
with the Portingal, but it taketh not effect ; so those sent about
it again returned, which will be nothing hurtful for us. By this
bearer you shall receive two covads Venice red. Thus with com-
mendations to Mr. Farewell, Mr. Ball, etc., I commit you to God's
holy protection and rest,

Your loving friend,

Tho. Elkington.



242 (1)

This is a duplicate of 226.

242 (2)

John Jourdain to the East India Company. Sent per the Globe.
Bantam, the 10th February, 1614.

jIGHT Worshipful, my duty remembered with my hearty
prayers for the prosperous success of all your enter-
prises. May it please you to understand that by the
James I have at large advised your Worships of all
matters which had passed to that time, my letters bearing date
from the 2nd January unto the 15th ditto ; the ship being laden
ever since the 15th of December, but the tediousness of the cap-
tain and the wrangling betwixt him and his master was cause of
their long stay, and in the end when they determined to depart
the wind would not permit them to get out the straits of Pelam-
ban but were forced back as far as Pulla Penian, where they
stayed until the 30th January, at which time they passed the
point and got without the straits. God send them well. The




EAST INDIA COMPANY'S RECORDS 313

day before their departure I understood of great dissension be-
twixt the captain and master, but being a matter so common
among them it is the less to be regarded. They are well pro-
vided both of men and all other provisions ; God bless them and
send them well home. In this letter I will not be over tedious,
because I have at large advertised of all things by the James, the
copy of which I send herewith ; only I will touch all matters
which have passed since my last. As first, whereas I have written
in the postcript of my last that the Globe was to have out of the
James so much pepper as was taken into her from aboard the
Osiander, it is now otherwise determined, to wit, that the 3,673
sacks formerly laden aboard the James for the account of the
Joint Stock shall remain for the same account, for that this ship
the Globe is found bigger by 3,000 sacks of pepper than she was
thought to be ; therefore there is laden in her 5,000 sacks of
Bantam pepper, whereof goeth 4,000 sacks for the account of the
Globe and 1,000 sacks for the account of the Joint Stock ; the
Globe's voyage not having money to lade her according to their
expectation, therefore it was held necessary by a court of mer-
chants that we should take so much commodity as would satisfy
the 4,000 sacks at such rates as it is here worth ready money, and
to give them the pepper accordingly as it is now worth, the which
I have performed according as it was agreed. The commodities
with their several prices, as also the price of pepper delivered
them, may appear in the journal that I send herewith, the copy
being formerly sent by Captain Marlowe unto the 13th of Janu-
ary ; and what hath passed since of merchandising is now added
thereunto, to the which I refer me, etc. Now concerning the
estimate of the goods belonging to the Sixth Voyage, as also of
some rests which are not rated and some desperate debts of
sundry Voyages ; as for the Sixth Voyage, I leave the commo-
dities according to the inventory formerly sent home per the
Dragon and Clove, for if I should esteem it as it is worth ready
money if I should be forced for want of money to sell it, I should
not get half the money it cost ; but in time it maybe sold at good
profit. Therefore, considering the danger of fire and thieves,
rotting and consuming with worms, which cannot be prevented, I
hold it indifferent to let it rest at the same rates it cost for I



314 EAST INDIA COMPANY'S RECORDS

cannot sell any for money at any rate except I should trust those
which will never pay. The reason is that Guzarate goods is not
here vendible. Therefore it may please your Worships to take
some course for shipping to transport it for Sumattra and other
places where it will vend. In Sumattra there will sell for 10 or
I2v rials per year for pepper and gold, and such commodities as
are here lying will vent no otherwhere ; and by the gold there
will be made above 50 per cent, profit in Amboina and the Mal-
lucas, and cloves will be gotten for gold at that rate sooner than
for any other commodity or rials.

Also it was ordained by a council that the Osiander, being the
better ship, should proceed for the Maullucas, and the Concord,
being the weaker ship, should be laid up until we could procure
men to sail her ; but having since considered the great labour and
long time that would be spent in unlading and relading of the
Osiander, the goods being already aboard the Concord, it was
therefore agreed by a court of merchants and masters that because
the end of this monsoon was at hand and that 20 days would not
be sufficient to make ready the Osiander, by which time the
monsoon would be very near ended and the voyage thereby might
be overthrown (knowing per experience that some years the mon-
soon is sooner ended by 20 or 30 days than other) : these reasons
being alleged and considered, it was concluded that the Concord
should proceed with as much speed as conveniently might be,
and the Osiander to remain in Bantam Road until we could get
mariners to sail her, and to take an inventory of all things left in
her, leaving four English and four blacks to keep her. The copy
of the inventory taken is sent herewith.

As for the pinnace which we made in Bantam called the
Speedwell, (she) departed for Macassar the 12th of January to
provide rice against the coming of the Concord, for that the ship
is not to stay above five or six days only to take in the rice for
fear of the monsoon ; to which end Sophony Cozucke was sent
in the pinnace directed to George Cokayne to provide a quantity
against their coming.

The 27th of January the Concord departed for Macassar,
where went cape merchant George Ball, accompanied with George
Chauncey, who is to remain at Macassar, and George Cokayne is



EAST INDIA COMPANY'S RECORDS 315

to go with Mr. Ball for Amboyna, because he was there in the
Darling and is acquainted with the country. The cargazon of
goods laden aboard the Concord amounts unto 24.V000 rials
and upward, as per the invoice in the journal may appear;
besides what money he is to receive of George Cokayne at Ma-
cassar. Sophony Cosucke is to stay at Banda and Mr. Weldyn,
if he may be persuaded thereunto, with Richard Hunt assistant,
a young man which came in the Expedition. I doubt not, with
the help of God, of their good success, although the Hollanders
doth not spare to give out that they look for them in those parts,
but their threatenings cannot prevent the trading with the
country people, and especially for love of the gold, which they
greatly esteem, etc.

The 20th of January here arrived a Dutch ship called the
Seilan from Japan, by whom I received letters from Mr. Cocks
whereby I understand of the death of Mr. Peacock at Chochi-
china, being slain by the country people, and the goods and junk
that he went in was never heard of, having in her an adventure
of 700/. or thereabout ; and for that the monsoon was past the
last year that they could not get Siam, according to General Saris'
order, therefore they have sent a junk this year wherein goeth
Mr. Adams and Richard Wickham, where I hope they shall meet
with the Darling. I pray God send them better success at Siam
than they had at Cochachina. And as for the state of the
country of Jappon and the countries adjacent, I leave it to the
information of Mr. Cocks, who by his letters, which goeth here-
withal, doth at large advise of all things. I received a letter from
Richard Wickham entreating me to remember him in my letters
to your Worships concerning his salary, which is but 2,ol. a year
standing, his time being long since expired and his wages nothing
amended, and Jappon being a place of great expense for apparel,
not doubting but your Worships will be mindful of him and con-
sider of his deserts etc.

Here is arrived from the 4th to the 10th of this month five
China junks, which have brought store of Lankeene silk and other
sorts, porcelain and divers other sorts of China commodities, they
hoping to have had as good a market as the last year, but I think
they will come ^hort, for that the Hollanders are not much in



316 EAST INDIA COMPANY'S RECORDS

cash at present, and for our stock of money it is not great, as your



Online LibraryEast India CompanyLetters received by the East India company from its servants in the East (Volume 2) → online text (page 28 of 35)