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Worships may perceive ; therefore I am not minded to disburse
much money until I see other ships to come with a fresh supply];
which the Hollanders as yet doth the like, expecting their new
fleet out of Holland, as we do the like out of England. And I
dare not disburse any money in silks because of providing pepper
against the coming of the ships this next year, which if they
should now come would be too late to go for England this year.

As for the cloves which Captain Marlowe refused to take into
his ship, bought by Mr. Petty, I know not upon what terms he
hath now received them into her, which he stoutly denied at my
entreaty, but they were taken in at the last cast as the ship set
sail ; which I suppose was done because I should not advise
thereof. But laden they are aboard the James by Walter Bennet,
the master's mate of the Concord, who now goeth in the James,
and was overseer to Mr. Petty. The cloves were 15 peculs and
cost 36 rials per pecul. And since the departure of the James I
am informed that Captain Marlowe hath in sundry commodities
in tonnage 10 tons or more, viz., benjamin, pepper, indigo, por-
celain, silks of China, all amounting to 2,000/. sterling; and by
divers it is reported that he hath said that he will now make
amends for the last voyage that he made to the East India, being
then not well dealt withal etc.

There is laden aboard the Globe for the account of the Joint
Stock 25 chests of China silks, which is the remainder of what
the James could not carry, containing in them as per the invoice
packing bill may appear ; more, 337 diamonds great and small,
containing carats ngf and cost, as per the journal, 1,002 rials
of 8. These silks and other it was thought necessary that it
should be laden in this ship, in regard that we are now out of
hope of any other to go for England this year, the time of the
monsoon being so far spent. Therefore Mr. Peter Floris, willing
to do the best in the worshipful Company's behalf, was content
to leave behind him his own goods, I mean some goods of the
Seventh Voyage, being of less value, than that these silks should
be left in the country until another year. What commodities he
hath left for the account of the Seventh Voyage is, viz. 82 fardles
of Selan (Ceylon) cinnamon and 10 of yarn ; which is to be sent



EAST INDIA COMPANY'S RECORDS 317

home in the next ships belonging to the Joint Stock. And for
the freight of these goods, both for the James and Globe is wholly
referred unto your Worships at home, for had it not been for the
stock here remaining of the Sixth Voyage, these two ships would
hardly have gotten lading, and especially the James, who for her
lading brought only 3,000 rials, which they borrowed of the said
stock at Pottany (Patani) of Robert Larkin, cape merchant of the
Darling. But for the Globe she had lading in her before ; but
for the rest that was wanting they could not have had it without
money. What is done in their behalfs I doubt not but that it
will be to your Worships' content ; seeing it was done for the best
according to our understandings for the furtherance of all Voyages,
and the goods here left by these ships in time will yield profit ;
which if it should have been sold for necessity to the people of
the country, the low prices would have been an overthrow to our
future hopes ; for the prices of commodities once abated will ever
hardly be raised again. And if there be no hope of gain by our
commodities, to what purpose is it to bring goods from Surate
and Moselapotan ? Mr. Floris is a good merchant and one that
is indifferent for all Voyages, not leaning to the one side or other ;
although he have more interest in the Seventh Voyage than in
the rest, yet he do more respect a general good than his own
private voyage.

And whereas in my former letter per the James I wrote con-
cerning the ill carriage of Richard Cobb, of his drunkenness and
slanderous tongue towards all men, being a great blasphemer of
the name of God, one given only to satisfy his own humour, not
obedient to any command, fit for no business, rather a hindrance
to those which doth their endeavours, and such a one as can
conceal no secret, although it be to the great hindrance of the
worshipful Company : therefore it is thought necessary that he
should repair for England in the Globe and the rather because he
may justify before your Worships what he hath accused the
factors of here in Bantam, I finding them all far honester than
himself. First, he accused them to have robbed your Worships'
warehouses here in Bantam ; then accusing the Chinese and
Javas to have done it ; whereupon there was a court called to
examine the cause. He produced his witnesses, they stiffly



318 EAST INDIA COMTANTS RECORDS

denying that they told him no such matter, offering to take their
oaths thereupon, justifying it to be a matter to be made of his
own head ; whereupon he was censured to be a slanderer and a
raiser of tales to bring controversy in the house, and that he had
wronged the factors in the highest degree of their credit. Secondly,
he hath accused them to have saved 1,400 rials in the custom of
the pepper laden in the James and Globe ; which matter was
examined, and he produced his witnesses, and they denied they
knew not what saved in custom but something they thought
might be. He standing stiffly in the matter, saying that he had
seen it in writing, which I required him to show me or tell me
whose the writing was ; which he denied to do saying, that if I
would know the truth I should examine Kemas the Shabunder ;
which if I should have acquainted him therewith and he made it
known to the Pengran there might be an avenia raised on us.
And having examined the factors who had the charge of the
pepper and charged them to speak the truth, they confessed to
have saved about 660 rials, as they had formerly told me, whereof
they were to give the one half to the officers of the custom-house
and the rest they delivered to be set to the account of the right
worshipful Company, and to this they offered to be sworn. Not-
withstanding Richard Cobb doth stand stiffly in it, saying that he
will justify it at home before your Worships ; and having con-
sidered that he is an ill member amongst us, and that he doth
not deserve wages, it was thought necessary to send him home in
this ship, for it were better to give him double wages to stay at
home than to remain in Bantam etc.

Having ended my letters and going to seal them we had news
of three English ships, wherein is General David Middleton, who
arrived here the 13th of this month with the Samaritan, Thomas
and Thomasine, where after the coming aland of the General he
called a court about the disposing of the ships. So it was con-
cluded that the Samaritan should with all convenient speed be
despatched for England according to your Worships' order, and
the Thomas should proceed for Sumattra, not only for the sale of
cloth but also for to bring Priaman pepper and gold from thence ;
the Thomasine to go for Amboina and Banda to second the
Concord, and homeward to touch at Timour and Gracia upon Java.



EAST INDIA COMPANY'S RECORDS 319

She is to carry a cargazon of i2vooo rials of commodities
and money, and will be ready within this two days, God willing.

The Osiander, which was laid up for want of men, is ordained
to go for Jappan, wherein goeth principal Captain Hawkins.
She is to touch at Pottany outwards bound, there to take in any
commodities that shall be there, fitting for the country of Jappon.
And for the Samaritan it will be a month before she be ready, by
reason that the pepper which I had provided was laden in the
James and Globe ; and now the China junks being here maketh
the pepper dear and is worth at present 15J and 16 rials per
10 sacks. But there is pepper owing enough to lade this ship,
but by reason of the dearness of it our debtors cannot get in
their pepper. So I fear I shall be forced to buy it for ready money
at 16 rials per 10 sacks, the time of the year being far past and
little pepper to be had. Thus not having else at present, I humbly
take my leave, desiring the Lord of His mercy to bless and
prosper all your proceedings to His glory and comfort of all.
Amen.

Your Worships' servant in all duty,

Jno. Jourdain.



243

John Yates to his master, William Greenwell, Deputy Governor

of the East India Company. Sent per the Globe.

Laus Deo. In Bantom, the 17th of February, 1614.

ORSHIPFUL Sir, In all duty remember myself unto
and my mistress, with hope of your health and with
my loving remembrance to all your family. Please
your Worship to understand that departing from Ply-
mouth the 29th of May we arrived at the Cape the 3rd of October
where we found a great Fleming of 600 tons, which met with us
upon the coast being about the river de Cestus (Sestos, in Liberia).
From the Cape departing the 19th of October we fell with the
coast Javea the 29th of December; but trusting too much to
their south easterly monsoons we fell to the eastward of the straits
of Sunday (Sunda) some 50 or 60 leagues, for afterwards we had




320 EAST INDIA COMPANY'S RECORDS

a strong northwest wind which kept us off about the coast about
a month's space; and twice we came to an anchor and took in
fresh water and wood, but no relief besides. The 14th of Feb-
ruary we arrived at Bantom where we found the Globe ready
bound for England and the Osiander laid up for want of men,
where we heard the ill news of the mortality of Sir Henry Mid-
dleton, John and Ferdinand Cotton, with many more, of which
the bearer hereof can certify you more at large. Touching the
accidents of the voyage to Bantom, according to my duty these
are to let you understand that Mr. Wilson, contrary to the articles,
hath taken in at Deal his brother-in-law, Robert Savage, who
I understand was refused by the right worshipful Company. By
reason of Samuel Mosley deceased, I am at this time appointed
by our General to be purser of the Thomas. There hath been
once or twice great dissension between Captain Hawkins and
Mr. Rowe, which proceeds from the pride and ambition of Mr.
Rowe, and by his countercommanding. Wherefore our General
doth purpose a separation of them ; and how myself with other
pursers shall be disposed of by reason of this mortality I know
not yet or whether I shall come home in the Samaritan. Also
I request your Worship to give notice to the right worshipful
Company that all our pork hitherto opened (which is 7 or 8 hhds.)
as also aboard the Samaritan is very stinking and bad, which is
by reason of the slack attendance of the coopers or else by reason
of the ignorance of those that are put in trust about that business.
From England to Bantom out of the Thomas died 3 men ; in the
Admiral 2 men and one, whose name was Smith, fell overboard ;
in the Thomasine one man at Plymouth. I have no more to
amplify unto you at this present, only desirous next unto heaven
I may live to see (as hitherto I thank God I have had my health)
to show effects of my affection how much I am bound unto you
in all dutiful service. In the meantime I pray God for the good
success of the voyage and prosperity of each particular of the
right honourable and right worshipful Company in all their
affairs.

In haste I cease,

Your servant to command,

John Yates.




EAST INDIA COMPANY'S RECORDS 321

244

Samuel Boyle to the East India Company. Sent per the Globe.

Laus Deo. In Bantam, the 18th of February, 1614.

IGHT Worshipful, After my humble and most respected
duty being tendered etc. These are at present to
acquaint your Worships that my last was of the 13th
ultimo per the James, who weighed and set sail from
Bantam Road the 21st of January last, whose voyage God of
His goodness preserve and grant to be prosperous to His glory
and the advancement of the worshipful Company etc.

In mine of the 13th I advised according to the time, to which
I refer your Worships, only in brief pointing at the chief parts
thereof. First, concerning the James, who arrived here from
Pottania the 8th November last, taking [in] her whole lading
here at Bantam, the contents whereof I refer to advice per the
James, the copy whereof with a brief of what lading the Globe
received in at Bantam I send herewith etc.

And touching the Osiander, who arrived the 26th November
last with her lading of Pryaman pepper, and since the Globe
arrived here from Mesolapotam the 3rd of the last ; upon whose
coming, in respect of the weakness and want of supply both of
the James and Globe, a court was called and therein ordained
that they should be relieved whatsoever was necessary for the
prosecuting of their voyages for England with more security, they
being both of them ships of great charge and importance ; and
for their better supply it was concluded that the Concord being
then laden and bound for the Molluccoes should remain here in
the road until further supply out of England and the Osiander to
proceed to the Molluccoes, she being held a ship of better force
and defence than the Concord. But since upon better informa-
tion considering that it would be overlong before the Osiander
could discharge her pepper and lade her cargazon for the voyage,
the monsoon for that place being near spent : in regard of the
premises it was per a general court thought fitting, that the
Concord being ready should without further protraction proceed
for the Molluccoes and to that purpose the pinnace (called the
Y 1268. Y



322 EAST INDIA COMPANY'S RECORDS

Speedwell) was despatched and sent away before, who set sail out of
the road the 17th of the last and was to stop at Maccasser there
to stay the coming of the Concord, and from thence to sail
together for the Molluccoes. The Concord departed from hence
the 27th of January last, wherein John Skinner, formerly master
of the Globe, goeth master, and George Ball chief factor for the
voyage, desiring the Lord to give a blessing to their labours that
it may be for the good of the worshipful Company, and assuredly
there is great hopes both for the establishing of a factory and
also for the procuring of good store of cloves ; and the rather in
respect we have the love of the country people, who generally
stand well affected towards Englishmen, which hath been verified
per divers credible persons well acquainted in those parts ; and on
the contrary they hate the Hollanders, with whom they have open
wars. So that in the interim of varyings and difference between
the Hollanders and the Bandanezes we may better effect our
business in the Moloccoes, also avoid the dispute with the Hol-
landers, who strongly oppose our designs in what they may.
Notwithstanding I doubt not, per God's assistance, of the esta-
blishing of a factory at Amboyna and also at Banda, the Concord
being furnished with a sufficient cargo well requested and ven-
dible in those places. Further since the coming of General Mid-
dleton, captain of the Samaritan, Thomas and Thomasine, who
arrived here in Bantam the 15th present, whereupon a court was
called for the disposing and employment of the two smaller ships,
according to the worshipful Company's determination to that
purpose, it is appointed per order of court as followeth, viz. :
First, that the Thomasine shall proceed with all convenient speed
for the Molluccoes, for to supply and assist the Concord and
Speedwell, and in regard the monsoon for the Molluccoes is near
spent it is determined to send her away with the first, lest the
monsoon should take her short and per that means cross her
voyage ; secondly, for the Thomas, she is appointed for the coast
of Sumatra, either at Pryaman, Teckoo, Perseman (Pasaman) or
Cota Tinga (Kota Tengah, near Baros), or to any of them where
they shall find best trade, having direction to make diligent search
and enquiry what commodities the country affordeth besides
pepper and some quantity of gold, for it is credibly spoken that



EAST INDIA COMPANY'S RECORDS 323

if search were made up higher in the country that there might
be good store of gold procured, per reason the country people
have not insight or knowledge of the value thereof, of whom the
merchants dwelling in Pryaman, Teckoo, Perseman, and Cota
Tinga buy it and sell it to us at dear rates, notwithstanding it
would do well if there might be any store gotten, in regard the
country venteth good store of Cambaya and Coromandel cloth,
which lieth here per the walls and will not sell at any rate either
for quantity or reasonable price, and therefore it is very requisite
to visit those and other places for the sale of cloth, which will
not sell here to any purpose.

Moreover the Osiander, which lay here in the road at the com-
ing of this fleet (I mean General Middleton's), is appointed to
proceed for Japan to visit the factory there left by General Saris,
though there be small hope to reap any benefit in those parts,
only there is some likelihood for the procuring and settling of a
factory in China, not far from the English factory in Japan, which
if effected there would great profit arise and grow thereby etc.

And touching the Samaritan, she is to be laden from hence
with all speed convenient for her return for England according to
General Middleton's speech, who mindeth to go for England him-
self in her etc. Moreover as concerning the Darling, who went
from Bantam the 10th March last for Succadana and from thence
to despatch away with all speed convenient for Pottania, there
to buy Lankin silk of the Chineses, having stock from thence for
the effecting (?) thereof, but through their own slackness they
were disappointed by the Hollanders. And thus not having
further at present, only that here not any of the Surratt fleet is
yet arrived, whom we expect daily in regard General Middleton
made account to have found Captain Downton with part of his
fleet here at his coming to Bantam. Thus craving pardon with
your Worships' favourable censures for my presumption hitherto,
I conclude with my prayers to Almighty God for your Worships'
healths and happy increase. I end and rest

Your Worships' humble and faithful servant,

Samuel Boyle.



Y 2




324 EAST INDIA COMPANY^ RECORDS



245

Captain David Middleton to the East India Company.

Sent per the Globe.

Laus Deo. Bantam, the 20th of February, 1614.

FIGHT Worshipful, my duty remembered etc. By my
last from Plymouth you had intelligence of all our
proceedings, what speedy despatch and no neglect of
time out of that port was omitted. Sithence which
time to trouble your Worships more than ordinary for navigation
I hold it frivolous, the same being referred to a journal of
travels to be perused at our return, but only thus : we arrived
at the Cape the 3rd of October, where we had refreshing both of
flesh and fish to content, from whence we departed the 20th of
the same and arrived at the port of Bantam the 14th of February,
where I found the Globe bound for England, being a rich ship,
which God preserve. Of my willingness to relieve their wants I
refer to the report of the captain and of Mr. Floris to relate. At my
first coming to anchor being thwart of Poolla Penchan, an island
so called, we were met with a prow which was sent of purpose to
know what nation we were of, who coming aboard of us I
demanded of them news of my brother and of his proceedings,
of whom I understood (as you have long before heard) of his
death and burning of his ship, who hath been so long expected
home. Coming ashore at Bantam and there conferring with the
captain and others, I understood by them (which to my grief I
write) of the use and abuse of business by those whom your
Worships have employed in your service, without conscience
making of anything, taking all for fish that came to net, of which
Captain Christian and Mr. Floris can well inform you of. Con-
cerning business that merely concerns your Worships, there is a
man now chief in Bantam, by name Mr. John Jourdain, who was
employed by my brother Sir Henry Middleton before his death,
whose presence would have saved a great scandal (if he had been
here at Sir Henry's death) that will redound to the Company.
The great care that General Best had in sending this bearer



EAST INDIA COMPANY'S RECORDS 325

Captain Christian of purpose to have a respective care of all
things that might concern your Worships' good, meaning those
goods which were upon the account of that voyage of my
brother's, you have understood as well by himself as also by
Captain Newport, who hath understood of all things. I have
now lost two brothers in your Worships' service ; the elder a man
of good reputation of all men that knew him, the other a man of
such respective care for the establishing of future good that may
redound to your Worships if it be well managed, that I need not
to urge unto you, for whose death I presume you participate in
grief with me in some measure, though to myself it is almost un-
supportable. Concerning the disposing of these ships that came
along with me, according to your Worships' order we took
counsel for their speedy employment, where it was concluded that
the Thomasine, who is now ready to depart for Amboyna, the
Thomas for Sumatra for gold and pepper, and the Samaritan to
take her lading of pepper here to return for England. Out of this
my fleet I have furnished the Osiander, a ship forlorn, with the
principal men of my fleet together with provision of furniture and
victuals to make a voyage to Japan to second Captain Saris and
to overlook the factories in Siam, Potany and Japan. There is
no news of Captain Downton's fleet, but no doubt they are em-
ployed to your Worships' profit, or else they would have had
some news of them in this place. The accounts of the James'
voyage being intricate are now drawn to a head and goods of
some of the Joint Stock sent home as well by the James as the
Globe, they having both taken home the accounts of the house.
Your business is well carried here now, which if it were not I
would strive with my best endeavours to see your Worships'
affairs well managed to your most profit. Your factories, God
willing, shall be viewed every year, what charge soever it doth
cost. And thus referring whatsoever is omitted to the report of
Captain Christian and Mr. Floris, who is able to inform you of all
things past. Here are certain parcels of goods taken out of the
trade marked with different marks. As yet I have not viewed
them over. I expected to have found a great stock here but it is
all invested into cloth, which must be sent abroad of necessity, for
it will not vent here. If I had found a sufficient stock here to



326 EAST INDIA COMPANY'S RECORDS

have employed my ship I would not have left the Indies till I had
laden my ship richly. So here is no employment but to overview
the factories aforenamed, to peruse their accounts, and I have
made choice of a very sufficient man for that business. Here
hath been a great mortality among the factors ashore at Bantam.
And the factories abroad have need to be seconded ; so I have
sent all my factors and others that are sufficient men for business
and of good carriage to be left where shall be most need, as is
requisite for your Worships' good. And I hold it fitting that
every year there be a small ship sent to overrun the factories and
to take the accounts of the factors ; and I will leave order to
that effect and to leave no place unsought for where we may vent
our cloth and other commodities that we can have sufficient but
have no means to sell them. There is so much money disbursed
that there is little remaining in the factory here and the Samari-
tan's lading must be bought with ready money. There is good
iron brought hither from Corramandell by Mr. Floris and good
cheap, as Mr. Floris (God sending him well home) will give you to
understand at full. I make account at Captain Downton his
arrival here will send some of his fleet to second my shipping, and
it is expected you send more shipping out of England this year.
We have not as yet present means to send for Succadania, but by
the first opportunity I will leave order the factory shall be relieved
there. And because of my sudden return home do omit to en-
large, leaving you to the report of Captain Christian and Mr.
Floris. So for the present do rest, with my prayers for the good
success in all your actions, which God grant. Amen.

Your Worships in all service,

David Middleton.




EAST INDIA COMPANY'S RECORDS 327

246

John Millward to the East India Company.
Banton, 20th February, 1614.

IGHT Worshipful, According to my duty I left a letter
at the Cape Bona Spranza to give notice of such



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