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minded to sell as yet, before I heard further from Mr. Cocks.
Some four days since I received a letter from him wherein he
wrote me that Mr. Peacock was upon departure for Langasaka
and so for Cochin China. God send him a prosperous voyage.
Also he wrote me that the Captain Chenesa and his new wife
were not friends, and how that he had given her his wacadash or
little cattan to cut off her little finger, the which she had done
had she not been prevented per Maria, Harnando's woman, who
paid dear for it, having her left thumb almost cut off. Also how
that Ushian Dono, the old King's governor, was laid up and all
he hath seized upon, and withal like to have lost his life. Some
galls by the bearer hereof, who is the King's secretary of Ferando,
I have sent you. News here is not any, but that all the houses
and churches that did belong to the friars and Jesuits are all
pulled down and burnt, besides all those that were Christians
are recanted and be of the same religion as they were of in
former time, so as now there is no more Christians of Japanners
in these parts. Here of late hath been divers to the number at
the least 150 persons apprehended for buying and selling of
tobacco contrary to the Emperor's commandment, and are in
jeopardy of their lives, besides great store of tobacco which they
have here burnt, etc. And thus for the present being in haste
I end, committing you and your affairs to the protection of the
Almighty God ; resting

Your friend to command,

Wm. Eaton.




EAST INDIA COMPANY'S RECORDS 21

134

Richard Cocks to Richard Wickham, in Edow, Shrongo, or
elsewhere, per Sr. George Droit.

Firando in Japan the 7th of March 1613.

R. WICKHAM, George Droit, the Portuguese, being
here till this instant for want of a good wind, I
thought good to write you these few lines, referring
me for the rest to my former of the 17th ultimo, sent
per same conveyance etc. Mr. Peacock is now agreed with
them of Chongro's junk to go in her and will be ready to depart
within 5 or 6 days. A lying friar (or Jesuit) lately come
from above to Langasaque told him that Captain Adams was
dead at Miako ; and had I not received a letter from Captain
Adams dated in Ozekey the 16th ultimo, advising both of his,
yours and Mr. Eaton's arrival in that place I should have stood
in doubt. But as yet I have not received any letter from you nor
Mr. Eaton but that you sent me from Anuxma at your departure
from hence. It is generally reported here that all the padres
are to avoid out of Japan, and as it should seem the name of
Christian is odious to them, for yesterday being Sunday we put
out our flag, as our custom is, but after noon Foyne Same, the
old King, sent me word to take it in because it had a cross in it,
which at that instant I did not ; but after twice sending I went
to him myself and excused the matter in the best sort I could,
telling him that this cross was not made in form of the cross of
Christ, but rather for a badge or token whereby the English
nation was known from all others, as the Hollanders were by
their colours of orange, blanc and blue ; yet all would not serve
but down it must, full sore against my will, Foyne telling me it
was the Emperor's will it should be so, only we might put out
any other mark we would, a cross only excepted, and that ships
coming might bear a cross upon the water but not on land.
This much thought I good to advise you of, and have writ the
like to Captain Adams wishing him to know the Emperor's
pleasure whether we shall not be permitted to bear or put out



22 EAST INDIA COMPANY'S RECORDS

our colours as well as the Hollanders. It should seem these
people are generally bent against all Christians, and therefore not
good you use overmuch speeches herein, only let Captain Adams
know the Emperor's pleasure, and for the rest I end with the
English proverb, that it is not good to wake a sleeping dog, etc.
and so rest

Your loving friend,

Ric. Cocks.





135

Richard Cocks to Richard Wickham in Yedo, Shrongo, or
elsewhere ; per George Droit.

Firando in Japan the gth of March 1613.

R. WICKHAM, yours of the 13th etc. kept till the
1 Gth ultimo from Ozekey I have received with another
from Mr. Eaton. I much commend your diligence in
learning out what you have done, and advising so
largely thereof. Yesterday I received a letter from Tushma
(Tsushima) from Ed. Sayer dated the 22nd ultimo. He writes
that he hath sold but for 31 taels of cloth of Cambaia with
5 peculs pepper, and that the King and another man will take
some 24 yards of broadcloth as he thinketh. He is out of hope
of any good to be done there or Corea, and very desirous to go from
thence for Focaty (Fukuoka), per means of the persuasions of a
great merchant of that place who is now at Tushma. Mr. Peacock
is now ready to set towards Cochin China. Captain Brower came
from Langasaque two days past, having made ready all matters to
send Adrian and Cornelius with a juribasso for that place. I
make account Mr. Peacock and they will depart from Langasaque
within this two or three days but in diverse junks. I think you may
better provide you of a boy there than here, for as yet I can get
none. George was willing enough to have let you have had that



EAST INDIA COMPANY'S RECORDS



23



boy Mr. Eaton had, but his parents would not, being informed
by some Flemings (as I understand) that you would continually
be beating of him. Once I will do what I can. I bought a
wench yesterday cost me 3 taels, for which she must serve five
years and then repay back the three taels, or some friend for her,
or else remain a perpetual captive. She is but 12 years old, over
small yet for trade; but you would little think that I have another
forthcoming that is more lapedable, yet it is true, and I think a
gentlewoman of your acquaintance. You must be no blab of
your tongue, yet I make no doubt but Sturton and you either are,
or else will be provided shortly. I know not what else to write,
George being ready to depart. Here is reports that the Emperor
is dead, as a lying friar gave out the like of Captain Adams, but I
hope both the one and other will prove false. I do not per-
ceive neither per your letter nor Mr. Eaton's that you delivered
Sr. Albartus the bottle of Spanish wine I sent him by you.
Mr. Eaton writes me he delivered him the bottle of oil I sent per
him. If you delivered not the wine, I shall take it unkindly.
And so I leave you to the protection of the Almighty, resting

Your loving friend,

Ric. Cocks.




136

Articles for keeping of Company.
Hector. To Mr. Arthur Speight.

NPRIMIS. You shall strive to follow your

Admiral with all carefulness, the better to

keep company together, with a vigilant looking

81 out both by day and night.

2. Item. The Admiral towards evening will fit such sail as

he will speak with the fleet, that you may receive order according

as the wind and weather shall offer occasions, and that no ship of




24 EAST INDIA COMPANY'S RECORDS

our Company shall press to go before the Admiral and especially
by night or in foul weather.

3. Item. If the Admiral will have conference with the rest of
the ships, and have the chief merchants or masters come aboard
of him, the weather fitting, he will put out in his aftmost main
shrouds a flag of St. George and shoot off a piece.

4. Item. If any ship be distressed by any means in the
night, he shall put out two lights a good height one above
another in the main shrouds or on his poop, and shoot off two
pieces. If it be by day he be distressed he shall shoot off one
piece and hoist and strike his mizen three times, to the end the
rest may repair unto him.

5. Item. If the Admiral come to an anchor he will put out
two lights of equal height and shoot off a piece ; but by day he
is to be seen.

6. Item. If he weigh anchor again in the night, the Admiral
will shoot off a piece and put out two lights one directly above
another.

7. Item. If the Admiral cast about in the night or alter his
course he will put out three lights of equal height, and fit such
sail as the rest may come to him, and then shall each ship keep
out one light till they come to the Admiral, to the end he may
perceive them all to follow him. When at any time there shall
be no light at all carried out by the Admiral you shall then have
especial care to keep your lights close that they be not seen.

8. Item. If in the night any storm do arise, then you shall
put out in every ship a light for the most part ; and the Admiral
twain, to the end she may be known.

9. Item. If the Admiral strike sail in the night or lie a-try
or a-hull, he will put out two lights, one upon the poop and
another as far forward as the forecastle, if he set sail ; and to use
the like when he weigheth, being at an anchor.

10. Item. If it happen by any storm or thick weather any of
our Company to be separated, or if we be all one from another
out of sight, and then by any means we have sight of one an-
other again, and would at first know one another, if the weather
be such as you may use your main topsail, you shall hoist and
strike it three times together, and so continue hoisting and



EAST INDIA COMPANY'S RECORDS 25

striking till we shall perceive ourselves to know one another. But
if the winds and weather will not permit any such sail, you shall
then do it with any other sail most fit for the weather and time.

Nich. Downton.

From aboard the

New Year's Gift,

the 14th March 1613.





137

William Eaton to Richard Wickham in Yedo, Shrongo,
or elsewhere.

In Ozekey the 22nd of March 1613.

OVING Friend Mr. Wickham, I commend me unto
you etc. You shall understand that my last letter
unto you was the first of March by Owendona, the
young King's governor of Ferando, by whom likewise
I sent you all the galls I had. In which said letter I wrote you
of all matters that had here passed since your departure from
hence, not doubting but that you have received it before this
time, whereunto I refer me etc. Since which time I have here
sold all my baftas saving ten pieces for 16 mass a piece, the
which is a poor price but more I could not get for them. Also
I have sold some eleven matts length or fadoms of broadcloth,
but very cheap, the best not above fifteen taels the matt and
some for fourteen and a half. Signor Albertus would have sold
finer cloth than any I have under fourteen taels. He knoweth
not that I have sold anything as yet, neither would I wish you to
let Captain Adams know at what prices I have sold broadcloth
at ; for when he once knoweth thereof the Dutch shall have
presently intelligence. I have written him a letter but not
one word of the sale of any broadcloth. Here arrived George
Droit the Portuguese two days ago, by whom I received divers
letters from Mr. Cocks and Mr. Nealson both for yourself and



26 EAST INDIA COMPANY'S RECORDS

Mr. Adams, the which said letters I have sent by him, who
goeth thither to recover that he lost here in Japon. So as I
shall not need to write you of what hath passed in Ferrando, for
I make account Mr. Cocks hath at large written you thereof by
his letters, whereunto I refer you etc. And thus for present
I end, committing you and your affairs unto the protection of
the Almighty God ; resting

Your friend to command,

William Eaton.





138

Richard Cocks to Richard Wickham in Edow, Shrongo,
or elsewhere.

Firando in Japan, the 1st April, 1614.

R. WICKHAM, by George the Portugal (who departed
from hence the gth ultimo) I wrote you several
letters, advising for the present. Since which time I
have received two letters from Mr. Eaton, of the 1st
and 13th ultimo, wherein he adviseth me he hath sold all his
white baftas at sixteen mass the piece and certain matts broad-
cloth at fifteen taels the matt. I wish all the rest were gone at
same or like rate, both that I have here and others elsewhere.
He saith that some of his commodities they will not look at,
namely selas, blue byrams, and candequis maweez. Once do what
you can to sell away, although something under cento per cento,
for it is better to have money by us than commodities, what-
soever shall happen, for here are many reports given out of
troubles like to ensue in Japan. But keep that to yourself and
learn out what you can and advise me thereof per first sure
conveyance. I make account Captain Adams will be come
away before this come to your hands ; otherwise give him
counsel to take heed of one Pedro Guzano, a papist Christian,
who is his host at Miaco, for a lying friar (or Jesuit) told



EAST INDIA COMPANY'S RECORDS 27

Mr. Peacock at Langasaque that Captain Adams was dead in
the house of the said Guzano, which now I know is a lie, per
letters I received from Mr. Eaton, for the said friar rep [orted]
he was dead before the date thereof. Once I would wish
Captain Adams to look to himself, for these villainous papistical
rabble at Langasaque do give it out behind his back that he is a
Lutrano, and one that they make account hath incensed the
Emperor against them. I wish [ed ?] Captain Adams, at his being
here, to look to himself and take heed of them ; and so would I
wish you to do the like. Mr. Peacock departed from Langasaque
towards Cochin China the 18th ultimo, as he advised me in a
letter of that date written from aboard the junk he goeth in,
called the Roquan. We have had much northerly winds since
their departure so I doubt not but they will have a speedy
passage, which God grant them with a prosperous voyage.
Upon some occasion I have noted that you may esteem I love
you not, or that I bear some secret grudge against you, which
here I do protest (before God) I do not, but rather do esteem
much better of you since your coming hither, then I did before.
And so shall you find by proof, if it lie in my power to do you
good ; for I regard not, but rather have quite put out of my
memory any words which have passed betwixt us hereto [fore] .
I wish you could make despatch of your business to be here
ag[ainst] the jSyam voyage, and then shall you see what I
will do. And trul [y] I would not wish you to stay there upon
small occasions, but rather to leave them with your host or some
other good friend that is assured. And in the meantime sell
away what you can ; stand not upon price, but turn what you
can into money and bring it along with you. I can say no more,
nor give you no larger commission than I have done. And so
with my hearty commendations to yourself, Signor Andrea and
the rest of our acquaintance, I commit you to God, resting
always

Your loving friend,

Ric. Cocks.

P.S. — Your Juribasso Simon's letter I delivered to his host
at Firando for his host Bastian is gone for Cochin China.




28 EAST INDIA COMPANY'S RECORDS



139

Instructions from the Captain and merchants of the Darling to
Sophony Cozucke, proceeding on a mission to Landak.
April nth, 1614.

EFORE this our arrival with the Darling in Succo-
dania we had understanding by sundry the letters of
you Mr. Sophony Cozucke and Mr. Greete, of the
great desire the people of Landacke had that our
nation should come and settle a factory with them, whereby they
might be free from the slavery of the Sukadanians, who suffer
them not to sell anything but what they list, having the first
view themselves ; and we, at our coming, finding things agreable
to former reports, and that our case is no better than those of
Landacke, and in consideration the junk Patience with John
Williams departed four months past for this place and is not
yet arrived, and for that the winds will be this month variable
and with much foul weather, so that without prejudice to our
voyage intended for Pottania, we may both spend some time
here to be truly instructed touching these parts, and by God's
assistance see the safe arrival of the junk ; and not to spend this
time of our stay here idle, we think it good to send you,
Mr. Sophony Cozucke, with a sufficient mariner along the river
to Landacke, with an especial charge that your absence be not
above six and twenty or thirty days and that you speedily confer
with the governors or chief of those parts, touching our nego-
tiation, upon what security we may settle a factory or leave
goods of charge with them, and that you acquaint them of the
arrival of our ship in this place, whose chief hath sent you truly
to understand their minds, whereby he at his coming be not
mocked withal, and find such good dealing at their hands as they
shall be sure to find at his; and withal it would not be amiss you
privately to learn whether they stand in fear there of the Sucko-
danians, or not, for if so I see not how our people can be in
safety with them, and above all things be not flattered with
fruitless hopes, but if possible, bring their chaps, their firms, for
what they say or promise, that so at your return, I may the



EAST INDIA COMPANY'S RECORDS



29



bolder leave former business and undertake a new ; not doubting
your wise and discreet carriage in remembrance what may be
here forgotten. And for depths and soundings I doubt not but
Richard Newell, sent along with you, will be careful of, touching
whose opinion if you do ask at any time I hold it not amiss, for
that I have sufficiently had proof thereof. We send herewith
musters of our cloth with indifferent prices, which I pray under-
stand how will be the vent of the like. And so the Almighty add
blessing to your endeavours. We rest,

Robert Larkin,
Nathaniell Courthope,
Sophony Cozucke,
In Suckodana Hugh Greete.

this nth of April, 1614.





140

William Eaton to Richard Wickham in Edo or elsewhere.
In Ozekey the 20th April, 1614.

OVING friend Mr. Wickham, I commend me unto
you, etc. My last letter unto you was the 22nd
ultimo by George Droit the Portuguese, wherein I
wrote you of all matters that had here passed to that
present time, not doubting but that you have received it before
this time, whereunto I refer me, etc. Since which time I have
been at Meaco with several sorts of goods to see if I could find
any sales for any of them, but I could not sell anything there but
only four matts of broadcloth and 12 pieces of cassidie nills, and
32 pieces of allejas, the which I sold at poor rates, as for 15 taels
the matt broadcloth, and for the cassidie nills at 26^ mass the
piece, and for the allejas 15 mass a piece, which are poor prices;
but howsoever I must do as I can and not as I would. Here is
come from Captain Brower to Albertus at least 30 broad cloths,
the which, part of them is to be sent to Lorenco : so as in regard



30 EAST INDIA COMPANY'S RECORDS

whereof I would wish you to make despatch of those broad-
cloths you have, although at a reasonable rate, rather than to
keep them lying upon your hands. For my own part I have
minded to put away all that I have although but for small profit,
rather than I will keep them, etc. At my being in Meaco I
received a letter from Mr. Adams the 3rd present, being dated in
Edo the 17th ultimo, whereby I understand that the Emperor
hath taken 43 fadome of broadcloth, and all the lead at 6 taels
the pecul. I wish he had all mine at the same rate, for here it
is not worth above 45 mass the pecul. Also he wrote me that
as then the Emperor had not given any direct answer for the
having of the ordnance and gunpowder, but that he is in good
hope that he will take them. The bark that carried the goods
for Edo it seems is not yet there arrived. I wonder I received
never a letter from you for Captain Cocks, who I know would be
glad to hear from you. I pray you to send me Mr. Peacock's
book which I lent you, in that he hath written unto me for it to
send it to Ferrando by Capt. Adams ; and I will send you yours
by the first conveyance. And thus for the present, being in
haste I end, committing you and your affairs unto the protection
of the Almighty God, etc. ; resting

Your friend to command,

William Eaton.




141

William Eaton to Richard Wickham in Edo or elsewhere.
In Osaka the 21st of April, 1614.

[OVING friend Mr. Wickham, I commend me unto
you, etc. You shall understand that yesterday I
wrote you, by this same conveyance, of all matters
that had here passed to that present time ; but
since, even at this present, having received a letter from
Mr. Cocks dated in Ferrando the 1st present, and likewise one




EAST INDIA COMPANY'S RECORDS 31

for yourself, so as I shall not need to write you of what business
hath passed in Ferrando, for that I know Mr. Cocks hath written
you at large by his said letter, whereunto I refer you, etc. And
thus for present being in haste in regard of the departure of this
bearer who is a Dutchman, I end, committing you and your
affairs unto the protection of the Almighty God, etc. ; resting

Your friend to command,

William Eaton.





142

Letters received by John Jourdain at Bantam.

(1.)

From George Cokayne, at Maccasser.

The 24th April, 1614.

APTAIN JOURDAIN, in hope of your good health
with the rest of our good friends, which God grant,
we do heartily commend ourselves unto you. This is
to give you to understand of our proceedings here in
Maccasser since your departure from Maccasser, which time we
used our best means for to put away our cloth at any reasonable
rates, it being from August till January but a dead time of year,
and few, or none at all, that would deal for any quantity, only the
country people for a small matter, which was in rice according to
order in November. Merchants some three or four were divers
times [ ] beating the prices of sundry sorts of clothing to

deal for great quantities and were within a small matter of our
price, for it was thought that this year no Portugals would come
from Mollacco. The prime of December arrived here one junk of
Mallacco with Portugals, viz. 9 merchants. The 5th ditto came
in a ship from Mollacco with 28 Portugals and 36 blacks, with a
small junk in his company freighted per Portugals, that then
there was such a glut of all sorts of goods, both of Guggeratt and
Corramandell, besides the junks of Puttany, Johore and Siam,



32 EAST /.YD/A COMPAATS RECORDS

which brought great store of commodities, as well of China as
elsewhere ; whereby we were dismissed of the sales of our cloth
at any reasonable rates, for that the Portugals they would sell
howsoever, for their present return, although they sold as cheap
as they bought in Mallacco, viz. Sela red, 24 rials the corge,
candequees, 8 rials, Bafta, 30 rials, Biramy nills, 32, 35 and 36,
cassamera of Coramandle, of the second at 50 — the best at 70
rials, serras of Corramandell at 80 and go rials the corge, sarras
gobar of the best sort at 100 and no the corge ; with other divers
sorts at such reasonable rates that I durst not make any such
cheap price of our clothing. The 7th of December arrived here a
junk of the King of Maccassar's that came from Pottany, which
brought a capital of the Seventh Voyage from our factory there,
according to Captain Peter Floris's direction, which clothing
came but to a reasonable market this year, yet you shall under-
stand, that the clothing of the Coast fits best for the country of
Maccasser, viz., Sarras, Chury mollay, Sarras gobar, being of the
best sort, dragams, salampora, being a broad white cloth, casa-
meras of either sort, and petas striped with silk. The steel of the
Coast we sell here at n rials the hundred, though great store
doth not quickly vend as yet ; the reason is so much of all other
goods this year is come to this place, and all foreign commodities
very cheap. The 9th December arrived here the God's Gift with
Francis Kelly, John Darby, and six other Englishmen, John
Williams being departed. Herein we received 4 chests China
raw silk, 10 pieces velvets, 10 pieces satins, 10 pieces of girdling
of Taffaty, with a parcel of goods for Sukadana. This silk came
here to a good market. We had broke the price at 450 rials the
pecul China, and sold to the quantity of one pecul, after the rate
aforesaid. The 12th ditto unhappily arrived here a junk from
China, being the first that ever came to this place, which brought
great store of China commodities of all sorts, viz. raw silk of
Lannkyn (Nanking) at 150 rials the pecul, velvets 6, 7 and 8 the
piece, grograines 4, 5, 6 and 7 ; damasks from 2 to 6 rials, and the
like low prices of all other sorts of their China wares ; so that
this year falls out very bad for our proceedings. God send the
next better. Now considering the long time the God's Gift was
to stay here before she could return, we thought it good to have



EAST INDIA COMPANY'S RECORDS 33

her something better built and to employ her to Banda, having



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