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good means ; hoping to have met with some English shipping
there ; if not, to have landed goods on the Poolawaya and there
to have left Benjamin Farieand two other Englishmen, which the
Poolawayans and all the other Orancayas doth much desire,
which this King, and divers principals of this country, have often
demanded wherefore we have not people there, the Bandanese
so much desiring the English, and plainly disannul and dislike
the Hollanders. The 27th February our people departed from
hence in hope to have a monsoon enough to carry to Banda.
The prime of February last arrived here a Dutch ship, wherein I
did receive your letter dated the 5th February, being glad to hear
from you. Here doth divers passengers come from Bantam, yet
I cannot receive letters as the Dutch doth, and if there were
better correspondence kept, I think it would be better for our
honourable masters' profit. The 21st present came into this
road the God's Gift, not being able to fetch Banda, but put into
Buttowne (Boeton) with 34 junks, Mollays, Maccassers, and
Javas, to the great hindrance of a number of poor people. There
is great lamenting here in Maccasser with all merchants, as well
the Christians as heathens, for that there is but two junks this great
monsoon to get to the Mallocees, but all fain to return with their
merchandise provided for those places ; that this year here will
not be any spice to be had at any rates, but the country full of
clothing. Our people keeping it up to windward in sight of
Borreo (Boeroe) in great distress of weather, the small vessel
labouring much fell to be extraordinary leaky insomuch that it
was impossible to free her, and keep her above water that it did
prove to be [ ] in the cargazon of clothing, the particulars

whereof shall be brought to Bantam per the God's Gift, God will-
ing. Our people being arrived here, and at present ready to de-
part for Succodana, it is therefore thought fitting that Benjamin
Fary should go along thither, and, if occasion be, there to leave
him, if Francis Kelly and he together do see it requisite as it is
thought it will be needful ; but if it be not, I do then appoint
B. Farie to come to Bantam to advise with you of anything that
may be for the Company's good, as also the furthering of boards,
nails, and two carpenters for the building of the Company's
v 126S. D



34 EAST INDIA COMPANY'S RECORDS

house here in Maccasser, if you think to have their goods
secure both from fire and thieves. The King of Maccasser hath
given to the English Company 32 great 8 squared posts of a great
length, to build their house, and therefore I refer it to your good
understanding to consider what a thing it is to have so great a
charge inclosed with bamboos, which will last but one year, and
subject to be set on fire with every spark. Some fifty days after
vour departure with the Darling, here was burnt 1,260 houses, to
my great fear of losing of all. Here is provided 46 coyans [?] of
rice, but keeping it, expecting of our shipping to come, it lies on
our hands until the next year, to the loss of much thereof; for per
the prime of February all merchants, that goeth to the Molloccoes,
is provided, and after that, here is no vent for rice. Here hath
been two Dutch ships which hath laden 300 coyans of rice, and
landed here 36 fardels of Corramandel clothing. The 13th of this
present departed out of this life Samuel Dennys. I do intend,
if it be possible, to send home that honest man, Francisco
Campayo, to Bantam then you may understand of the proceed-
ings of a filthy renegade, and what it is to leave such a discon-
tented fellow in a strange country where the Company hath
trading, he not being brought to the place where he was enter-
tained according to his agreement. Philip Badmedg arrived here
the 20th December who from Succadana did embark himself for
Bantam, but the junk not able to fetch it up, put for Greessed
(Gressik) and from thence in a Macasser junk came for Mac- 1
casser. Thomas Brett and his junk arrived safe at Succadana
and had determined a voyage, per Sophony's order, for Sambas.
And thus at present not having further time to enlarge, wishing
you, as to myself, all happiness, Vale.

Kept till the yth May, 1614.
The copy above written is sent in a Dutch ship called the Old
Zealand per Jacob Speck, merchant, since which time here hath
little passed worth the noting, save only I must relate of the
infinite abuses passed per that Francisco Campayo, the Spaniard,
which was here left per Captain Jourdain, to my vexation and
much grief, to be abused and no remedy, this lewd and riotous
gamester being instigated by the Hollanders to exclaim of our
nation and Company of the base using him, which I with much



EAST INDIA COMPANY'S RECORDS 3-

patience did pray him oftentimes to take heed of speaking ill of
our King's Majesty or Company, or otherwise it would redound
to his disgrace and overthrow to use any such speeches. He hath
bad all our power to do their worst, for were not the Hollanders
and King of Maccasser sufficient to maintain him in whatsoever
he doth in this place ; but because this business will ask some
relation at large, I do refer you to the Articles. Vale.

Kept till the 24th May, 1614.
The 19th present here arrived a Dutch ship called the Grey-
hound which had in her great store of sandalwood, and hath
sold it to the Chinese for 100 rials the bahar. The 22nd present
came here Mr. Welden from Button to certify me of what passed
in his voyage this year at Banda, the Bandanese having open
wars with the Hollanders, and much grieved that the English
hath forgot them, that may be received there as in their own
country. Mr. Welden had thought to have come for Bantam,
but, not finding a speedy passage here at Macasser, doth here
resolve to stay till this monsoon be ended, and per the first
change of the winds it is thought fitting by him and myself that
he with one or two Englishmen shall go for Banda. Hoping to
have a present supply from you at Bantam in the same monsoon.

Geo. Cokayne.

P.S. вАФ Mr. Cokayne was so sick at the sealing hereof that he
was not able to come from his bed, etc.



(2.)

From Richard Welden at Maccasser,
23rd May, anno 1614.

|IND Captain Jourdain, remembering the great love and
kindness that I have received from you, makes me bold
to write these few lines unto you acknowledging and
giving thanks for the same. This last monsoon I set sail
from Bottone for Banda, where when I arrived and had made sale
of such things as I had, I was fully resolved to return for Bantam,

d 2




36 EAST INDIA COMPANY'S RECORDS

because there was then this ship, the bearer hereof, in Banda,
which was to come thither ; whereupon I gave my prow to the
Captain of the Castle and went aboard the ship with my folk ;
and setting sail the ship was to touch at Bootone, where when I
came I was put from my foresaid determination by reason that I
found a young daughter which I was unwilling to leave in the
Moors hands to be made a Moor, or to fall as a slave into the
King's hands ; where also I heard that there had been a small
English ship, but had neither left me letter nor any news of
anything. But afterwards I received a letter from Mr. Cokayne,
which when I had read and understood the state of things, I
stayed no longer than 10 days in Bootone, only to provide some
provisions for my house, and came to Macasser, where I now am,
and mean to remain for a time. For I do purpose to return in
haste to Bootone and fetch all that I have to Macasser. For the
news of Banda, only this, the Bandanese do much marvel that in
so long a time there have come no English shipping there,
protesting if they come they will live and die with the English,
for now all the Bandanese hath open wars with the Hollanders
and have slain many of them ; wherefore, if you please to send
any order for me and those places, I rest till it come, or if there
come none, at the first of the next monsoon it is resolved per
Mr. Cokayne and I, that at the turning of the winds to send
me with one or two English more back to Banda to settle some
business there, hoping that you, soon as possible may be, will
relieve us with a fresh supply in the same monsoon. And so
having nothing else to write I end, leaving you to the protection
of Almighty God.

Yours

From Maccasser, Rich. Welden.

this 23rd May, 1614.




EAST INDIA COMPANY'S RECORDS 37

(3-)
From Robert Larkin, at Succadana,

10th of June, 1614.

R. JOURDAIN, After our departure from Bantam we
had indifferent passage, so that the 3rd April we
arrived in safety at Soccodana, but could hear no news
of the junk with John Williams till the 21st May, 1614.
But you will marvel why I should stay all this time in this place,
for which I would at large deliver you by these, but that this bearer,
Sophony Cozuck, can resolve you of all particulars, and how
I found them indebted to the Hollanders, and without a penny in
the house, yet having these stones sent herewith that moved my
present supply ; also considering I could not leave them so, and
haply the junk might be at Maccasser, as since I have heard,
expecting daily her return ; which were reasons, with a great
many more, of my stay here so long ; but now the coming of the
junk I find no ways according to the supply sent to this place, for
of 4,000 rials ready money here cometh but 2,000 rials, and I
understand the raw silks were sold at great rates at Maccasser ;
but as of that, so the ill disposing of all things I find to be resting
in Maccasser. What benefit will arise I know not. John
Williams being dead, all that was his I understand is delivered
per exchange to the Hollanders to be paid in Bantam ; only his
writings, sealed as they be, are sent herewith so that I am forced
to break that small stock of the Darling's to supply this place, for
that they may not justly (as formerly) complain of the great
hindrance the Company have had for want of monies. And
finding wax at a reasonable rate I have employed of our stock
290 rials which is sent herewith. And the old junk not able to
be kept longer above water, I was forced to buy a new ; so that
all things considered, with my pretences of further going to be to
little purpose, meeting with the value 308 rials of gold of the
deceased Edward Langley's, I am not so unwise but to take that
up for the Company's use, to right myself of those wrongs which
I am sure the Company will demand at my hands. And now
I am forced to send you an untoward spirit whom George
Cokayne allegeth to be per mc sent for, because upon his



0504



38 EAST INDIA COMPANY'S RECORDS

exceeding complaints, I writ only he should per his honest
endeavours prevent his harm in all matters. The articles
George hath drawn against him, I send herewith, although his
picture to yourself is best known, but I have made bold, for the
Company's use, to lighten him of some of his monies, for which
I have given my bill, which I entreat you to pay accordingly.
And touching accounts in this place, I have sent you the man
and them, not for any dishonesty in the party, but for that it is
thought so most fitting. And for my confederates in my pre-
tended voyage, they have already taken up their rests out of the
wormeaten vessel, for Nathaniel Courthope stays in Succadana
with such goods as per invoice sent per this bearer, but too
tedious to send herewith all reasons ; as likewise that Cassarian
David is to proceed to Sambas, and his invoice sent herewith, out
of all which you may perceive what monies I have disbursed
here ; notwithstanding I want not an assistant, occasion so falling
out, whom you know, Benjamin Farie, who proceedeth with me
to Puttaney ; and I hope all is for the most profit and credit of
our employers. The Darling complaineth sore, but I hope to
God she will carry us well to Puttani, and further tediousness I
omit. But I wish to God I were well rid of my captainship, or
the Darling a sounder vessel to carry me in. So in haste, with
my respective love and commendations to Mr. Ball and the rest,
I cease.

Yours to be commanded,

Robert Larkin.



(4.)

From Robert Larkin, at Puttania,
24th of July, anno 1614.

|R. JOURDAIN, From Succadana I writ, but since
that my usual fortune continueth, so that I met with
the James the 24th June and I may say, I thank God
for it, that the Darling hath been fortunate to all
voyages but itself. In Puttania we arrived the 29th June, but
truly the reasons being not small with the passage from port to




EAST INDIA COMPANY'S RECORDS 39

port, as 24 days from Bantam to Succadana, and 25 days from
thence to Pattana, was the occasion I arrived not here sooner,
but had I so early [?] in this place, I could neither have laid
forth this small stock in silk, or ought else that is good, nor at
such prices as you writ of; besides 856 rials should have been
paid for anchorage. Think but what monies I might have had
left to have employed here if I had come away from Maccassar
before the arrival of the junk, considering the great matter I
should have left, besides imprest money and other charges paid
forth. So this in brief I thought good to acquaint you with.
And further for our proceeding here, we have taken in the goods
of the James and now bound we are for Siam, finding here neither
means to lay out our money, or vent for our cloth such as we
have brought. But I could wish we had all those shashes, or
that per the next conveyance you would send for these parts the
most part of them, both fine and coarse, whereof I know to be
great store of them in Bantam and there not vendible ; and some
part of the finest white cloth and the sort of cloth which is for
handkerchering of the finest, but I pray forget not the remem-
brance of this extreme charge of anchorage, that with better
advice the ships may proceed for these parts, wherein you may
confer with Captain Marlowe of a place called Segora (Sungora?)
which the Flemings make use of, so as it may be said a second
Jaccatra. I have great encouragement that our coarse goods will
be very vendible at Siam and Camboja, which if I find true, I shall
if possible per the James certify, as of our further proceedings ;
all things of certainty referred till our arrival at Siam, where I
refer it for my best course how I may lay out our monies this
year to be with you and that to some purpose, 01 jointly proceed,
the ship being so able, upon the former course of the Globe,
which I have understood to be to great profit, or otherwise as
best we may take for our present benefit. And to digress a little,
what great devil possesseth those barking dogs, who, in my
absence, ceaseth not to scandal me with unjust dealing with the
goods of the deceased Sir Henry Middleton, when I take God to
witness I am so far from doing wrong both in thought and con-
science that I would willingly rather give 10/. out of my own
means therein to satisfy my ignorant proceedings than to gain a



4 o EAST INDIA COMPANY'S RECORDS

halfpenny; but if you will prove a friendly enemy, still them,
for perchance they think they please you. I have taken order
for two quilts of Puttania, for which I think you were much de-
luded with in commending thereof; they will stand you in about
24 rials. The 308 pieces of gold I had at Succadana, being
Jahore (Jahor) gold, proves much short here of so many rials I
writ they were esteemed at ; and with the help of the James's
carpenter we are so encouraged for future proceedings with our
ship, either for the James's business or our own, that it hath caused
the taking up of six barrels of powder, for which I pray let Cap-
tain Marlowe be satisfied for with the like quantity or money.
Notwithstanding so proceedings may fall out, it may be wholly
paid for out of their voyage. For the lead, had you never writ
thereof you may be sure it had not been forgotten, but let the
negligence thereof remain to the faulty, and each party more
heedful. My hopes are per this bearer yet more at large to write
you from Succadana, therefore in this I am the briefer ; but I
doubt not but you have received the 337 diamonds and wax sent
you from Succadania, and that before this time you do at large
understand all proceedings there effected ; and so with my heartiest
wishings and commendations to all friends, I cease.

Yours to use,

Robert Larkin.



(5-)
From Peter Floris and George Chauncey,
at Masulapatam, the 10th July, anno 1614.

|OOD Masters and loving friends, As unacquainted I
commend me unto you all, etc. You may have heard
of our determination in Potania for to come hither
and afterwards of our good arrival per the James of
London, who departed from this coast the 7th of February last.
I hope she is well arrived at Bantam, in good time, but surely
there was very great dissension in her. I pray God to bless her.
This present shall only serve to advise you of our state in this
place, because of the good opportunity which is offered us per




EAST INDIA COMPANY'S RECORDS 41

this ship Dergoes. So first and formerly you shall understand
that we are all in good health here, except five persons which are
departed this life since our departure from Puttania, of which the
17th June past died Mr. Thomas Essington who was our captain.
The Lord of heaven preserve the rest to His glory and our salva-
tions, amen. As for our ship, the Globe, she is at present in the
river of Yarsupurpeta (Narsapur) where she is sheathed from the
keel, and have mended many faults, so that now per the com-
pany's own speeches she is better trimmed and a far better ship
than when she first came out of England ; we have made a new
rudder, for the old was very much eaten. She is now ready and
hath nothing to be done only but to bring her out of the river,
which I hope will be in a short time, and if God bless us, I hope
to be ready per the first of September next for to set sail from
hence and to come unto you for Bantam, and so to take our
course, with the help of God, for England. And now whereas I
do make mention to come first for Bantam, the reason is this,
because I have not a sufficient stock wherewith I might lade the
Globe for home from this place, but I hope to have a parcel of
350 fardels indigo, and about the same quantity of white yarn,
and some few packs of cloths, all which will not be able to lade half
our ship the Globe, therefore we must come for Bantam to take
the rest of our lading in pepper or any suchlike other commodity.
And now notwithstanding I have understood as well per letters of
Mr. Spalding as per mouthly report of Geo. Chauncey, and seen
per their accounts, that for the account of the Globe there was
left in the hands of Mr. Sheppard the sum of [blank] rials
32 pence, with our order to be employed in pepper, and to send it
for England, but if there were no place in the ships, that then
they should sell the pepper and keep the money till the next
spring time, and to employ it then in China commodities, which
I hope that no ships being set out per the Company should have
refused. But since I have heard that (per means of Sir Henry
Middleton) that same money was stayed and not employed for
that year, and although that General Best hath been there and
laden homewards, yet I doubt that our stock of the Globe is yet
left at Bantam without employment, although I hoped better that
it should have been employed now this last spring because of the



42 EAST INDIA COMPANY'S RECORDS

good order (left per General Best) as per report we have heard,
though we durst neither hope so well nor trust to the contrary.
Therefore we did provide such quantity of cloths and agreed with
the James to carry them to Bantam and consigned them to Adam
Denton, or his assigns, and that especially to provide us with
pepper to the quantity of about three or four thousand bags. But
since the departure of the James, arrived here this Dutch ship,
Dergoes, who affirmed that General Best hath united all the three
houses into one and under the government of one head. There-
fore not knowing how the account of the Globe stands, so well of
the money left there per Mr. Spalding, also of the cloths sent with
the James, therefore is now my earnest entreating unto you, the
chief of the united houses, as also to them with whom had the
money or goods so long in keeping, that you will have a care to
provide us a parcel of pepper about 4,000 bags, and if possible it
is, to barter them against the cloths sent in the James. If not,
to do the best you can, and if it should happen that the James
was not arrived there (which God forbid), and that the monies
were employed in other commodities, that then you would take
the same quantity upon your own credits, to be paid at our
coming thither, which shall be, with the help of God, [in] Novem-
ber next. Now the reason why we write so much about it, is only
that I am afraid it will be late in the year before we can get home,
and to stay, with a small company long at Bantam (if a man can
prevent it) is not fit neither. Therefore it is my opinion to have
the pepper ready at my coming thither, and to make a short
despatch from thence. And it may be you shall buy the pepper
at a better or lower price before our coming, than at our arrival ;
therefore I pray you have this in fresh remembrance. Then you
shall do the Company great service and me especial great friend-
ship, for the which I think myself very much beholden unto you,
and am willing and ready to acknowledge it as occasion shall
serve. In the meantime if you will have any service at my hands
I pray you make bold to use me. News we have but little here.
The 8th June I received a letter from Surat of Mr. Tho. Aid-
worth's, who writ me but shortly and that they were in good
estate, and was providing himself against September next ; then
he did expect shipping out of England, having before sent a



EAST INDIA COMPANY'S RECORDS 43

messenger per way of Persia for England. I have answered his
letter so that I hope to have his answer again before we depart
from hence. This year there are eight ships come from China
and arrived in Goa, which makes all goods to stay at a very low
price, and little appearance to rise this two years. I send you a
price current of the principal goods as they are sold here, but in
small request. We have had a happy journey to be here so soon
before the Dutch ships, and the arrival of the Portugal ships in
Goa, or else we had got but a poor market. I willingly would
have writ to the right worshipful Company at large of our
estate, but because it is per a Dutch ship I dare not trust too
much to my pen, albeit that the director of Vanburchen hath
promised me to send it, but passed his word that it shall be
delivered unto you without opening, because I have done so much
for his sake in bringing a letter from Patania unto him in like
manner. Wherefore, if you have occasion to write home, you
may advise the right worshipful Company of our estate. And so
not having at present to enlarge these, then with my commen-
dations I leave you to the protection of God Almighty, who
send us well to you and grant us happy meeting.

The ship Dergoes hath stayed here so long till this [ ]

Chauncey to Narsapurpeta to see the ship, the Globe, come over
the bar, but because [ south ?] winds there is but small

hopes to come over the bar because of the great [ ] that

runs upon the bar. I am afraid it will be late in September
before she comes in. Therefore, I pray to remember my request,
because I am afraid that it will be late before we come to Bantam.
1 have received a letter from Visapur (Bijapur) with advice that
there are two English ships at Surat, and that the Viceroy of Goa
armed him very strongly, but to what intent the Lord knows. I
hope within this ten days to have an answer of Mr. Aldworth
from Surat, and to hear certain news. I pray you, if possibly
you can, to provide us with some four or five tons of casks for
water, because our cask are very naught. I shall think me very
much beholden to you etc. Vale.

Your loving friends,

Peter Williamson Floris,
George Chauncey.




EAST INDIA COMPANY'S RECORDS



(6.)

From John Gourney, Adam Denton, William Shcppard and
Thomas Brockedon, from Pottania the 28th of July, 1614.

OVING Friends Captain Jourdain and Mr. Richard
Cobb, Our arrival to this road was upon the last of
June, in company of the Darling, which overtook us
three days before. We have here landed forty bales
and a half of sundry sorts of goods, and laden the rest upon the
Darling; with which we, John Gourney, William Sheppard,
and Thomas Bmrkedon are presently to depart for Siam, leaving



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