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here Mr. Adam Denton, chief, and John Johnson to assist. From
Siam we make account to certify of our hopes there and purpose
with the Darling, concerning the agreement for which is referred
until our coming thither. The disputes we have had here with
the Orancayas (that rule under the queen) in our vain practice
to save the great present of 72 taels, which is 856 rials, at
present in goods to be given amongst them, and the custom yet
not cleared is cause that as yet no sales have been made ; but we
hope it will do indifferent well with the time. We greatly hope
that you will have fitted pepper for the goods we left with you ;
and for the better despatching in the James her full lading we
send you 3,000 rials by the captain, which we have borrowed of
Captain Larkin to be repaid at Syam ; and more you are to
receive 423^ rials in Bantam, of which 106 of Richard Westby
and 317^ rials of a Guzerat, per virtue of the bills and order
which herewith I, Thomas Brockedon, do send you. And if,
contrary to our hopes, the former goods and these 3,423^ rials do
not reach to the despatch of the James, then our desire is that
you, Captain Jourdain, do furnish the want, to be answered in
money or employment, to be provided for you from hence, either
in silks or what you shall crave by your letters. The white Cabas
which you have with you at Bantam would vend here ; the mere
prices of them is referred to be certified by me, Adam Denton,
with the ship, this bringer having more time than we by practice




EAST INDIA COMPANY'S RECORDS 45

to come to the true knowledge thereof. And so for further
referring you to what shall be certified from Syam, rest

Your loving friends,

John Gourney,
Adam Denton,
William Sheppard,
Thomas Brockedon.



(70
From Geo. Cokayne, at Macassar, the 17th July, 1614.

ORSHIPFUL and loving friends, The last I sent to
Bantam bearing date the 24th of May last per Hans
de Hans, per the instigation of Richard Welden I
wrote that I did mind to send, at the first change of
the winds, along with him to Banda one or two men upon such
good reasons as he did show. Since which time I am otherwise
resolved not to do anything without sufficient warrant from those
authorized. Moreover it is not for our Honourable Company
their credit to settle factories and then to supply them with
junks and prows ; although their gains might be much, the dis-
grace will be more. Because of the great quantity of cloth that
yearly might be sold here in Maccasser if it fits for the country,
I thought it not amiss to acquaint you with the sorts as the
particulars here enclosed doth appear. I have had good sales for
cloth within this twenty days and sold of all sorts some. Red
Sealas are all sold at 33 rials the corge. Most of the cloth which
came from Potanya is sold. Here will be little spice this year
bought, to make any return, because all men were taken short
with wind and lost their voyage. The Chauters of Agra and fine
baftas nyll doth not here vend ; I would they were at Amboyna
and Banda, for all Surrat clothing is there in request. I am
informed that the people of Longoe, Cambello and Lassiddie hath
great store of cloves, which they will not sell to the Hollanders,
expecting the English this next monsoon, although they have
earnestly looked for the return of Captain Jourdain. The great
timbers which the King gave to our Company to build their



46 EAST INDIA COMP.iXY\S RECORDS

house, he hath brought them into our ground ; therefore, either
by ship or junk, fail not but let a good quantity of inch boards
and nails be sent, for truly the goods cannot be secure in this
fashion ; the which I cannot remedy without means sufficient.
Mr. Robert Larkin, when he was in place, wrote that there should
all necessaries for such a business be sent as the last monsoon,
but since that time I hear nothing thereof, &c. The Hollanders this
last year had sent a great quantity of boards to build a great rice
house that will hold 400 coyans. I do not mind to buy any rice
this year, for that which was bought the last year, with keeping
it still expecting shipping to come and came not, is great part of
it lost, for that the houses was not of force to bear so great a
weight so long time. I beseech the Almighty to bless you.

Postscript. вАФ The red yarn left here per John Parsons I cannot
sell at any reasonable rates. We are all in good health, God be
praised for it.

The God's Gift departed from hence the 10th May for Succa-
dania with Francisco Campayo in her, in the charge of Francis
Kelly, Benjamin Farie and John Darby, to be delivered to the
English President in Bantam.

Yours,

George Cockayne.



143

Richard Cocks to Richard Wickham, in Edo cr elsewhere.
Firando i-n Japan, the 12th of May, 1614.

R. WICKHAM, I have wrote you divers letters since
your departure from hence, but received none from
you, but only one from an island near Shimeneseak
(Shimenoseki). Presently upon your departure Cap-
tain Adams hath writ me three or four, and in his last from Edo
advised you were sick of an ague, which was the occasion you
could not write. God send you and the rest their healths. I
writ you my opinion in a former that I would not wish you to
stand upon small matters, but sell as you could, neither to stay
there but leave matters with Signor Andrea or some other




EAST INDIA COMPANY'S RECORDS 47

assured friend, and so come for Firando. For if you have a mind
to go for Syam I will not be your hindrance, &c. The bearer
hereof Duzak Skidoyemon Dono, brother-in-law to Yasimon
Dono (alias Zanzebar) desired me tc write unto you in respect
he and other cavaleros his friends determine to buy some quantity
of broadcloth yet desire to have it as good cheap as we can afford
it, which I pray you let them have, or rather better cheap than
others, for that they are our friends whom we are daily beholden
unto etc. I hope you make sales as time will afford, for the
sooner the better, that we may employ our small stock we have
for the best benefit of our employers. Ed. Sayer arrived here
yesternight from Faccatay (Fukuoka) and brought me such
money as he had received at Tushma, which God knoweth is
but little, he not having sold one yard of English cloth, neither
all his pepper. He left John Japan with his host at Faccatay
to see to the business in his absence ; and this morning I
have sent him back again, with order that if he see no hope
of despatch of his commodities within eight or ten days
that then he shall return for Firando with the rest of his
cargazon. I hope the Emperor have taken the ordnance, powder,
and such other commodities as were sent for him, only Captain
Adams hath writ me he refused most part of the broadcloth was
sent, in respect it was moth-eaten. Mr. Nealson hath him com-
mended unto you. He and I are so busy about our building
that we have small pleasure, having above 100 men daily at
work, but I hope it will not last long. On Sunday night last
our kitchen was set on fire, and so burned our new gates and
gatehouse, but was soon quenched, God be praised for it. The
loss will not be above 8 or 10 taels, &c. I daily expect Captain
Adams to look out about a junk. News we have none but that
many soldiers are sent out of Firando and as it is said go for
Arima, but for what intent I know not. George the Portugal
returned for Firando the 4th current. His wife was brought to
bed of a boy the night before he came. Well fall (or fare) an old
knocker. And so, with hearty commendations to yourself with
the rest of our friends, I remain,

Your loving friend,

Richard Cocks.



4 S EAST INDIA COMPANY'S RECORDS

144

William Eaton to Richard Wickham, in Edo, Shrongo or

elsewhere.

In Osakey the 12th of May, 1614.

OVING Friend Mr. Wickham, I commend me unto
you etc. You shall understand that my last letters




unto you was the one of the 20th and the other of the
21st ultimo, enclosed in a letter to Captain Adams,
in which my said letters I wrote you at large of all matters that
had here passed to that present ; not doubting but that you have
received them long before this, whereunto I refer me. Since
which time I have not sold nor cannot sell anything but only the
pepper which I had here, the which I sold for 65 mass the pecul,
being but a poor price ; more I could not get for it. Broadcloth
I cannot sell any at no rate as now, in that all the gentlemen
that would buy cloth are there at Edo, which is the cause a
merchant will not once look of a piece. I wish with all heart
that all we have here in this country were sold ; there is great
store both at Meaco and especially at Sackey and to mend the
matter the young King of Ferrando brought thither of Captain
Brower's cloth to the quantity of 30 cloths, the which he took of
him to make money of for his journey to Edo. Those the one
half he sold to the merchants of Sacay, some at 11, 12 and 13
taels the mat ; the other he pawned for money he took up at
interest. I wish they had been in the bottom of the sea before
he brought them thither ; for they are and will be a great hind-
rance in the sale of ours. I understand in Mr. Cocks' letter that
vou were sick, which was the cause you did not write him, the
which I am sorry to hear. I pray God send you and every one of
us our health, and that for present being in haste I end, com-
mitting you and your affairs unto the protection of the Almighty
God; resting

Your loving friend to command,

William Eaton.



%&?




EAST INDIA COMPANY'S RECORDS 49

145

Remembrance or commission for Captain John Jourdain

and Richard Cobb.

Bantam, the 1st of June, 1614.

APTAIN JOHN JOURDAIN and Richard Cobb, being
that it is resolved upon that the James is insuffi-
cient to make the full progression of her projected
voyage and that the goods here landed hath not found
sale this unseasonable time of our being here, whereby to secure
by us her lading of pepper against the next harvest. The invoice
which herewith is delivered you will show you the contents of
each bale, and under which the sorts being severed and a valua-
tion made appears little more or less what the same may
yield, and being that the best time for vent is shortly to be, I
doubt not but you will make the best use thereof as is fit, always
remembering that by all September the Hollanders according
to use will bring store of Java wares from the Coast, and the
Globe no doubt will shortly after bring some. And because
sundry of the sorts being Malaya ware and more proper and
profitable at the Moluccos than here, and that trade by the
English is in use there ; rather therefore than that the same
should hinder the despatch here of the rest in due time, it would
no doubt be very to the worshipful our masters that you,
Captain Jourdain, in whom our chief trust is, do according to
our former conference pass over such ware to that trade, accord-
ing to the value here, and furnish the value in pepper for the
James. Some money or pepper we aim to send back from
Patania but it is to be feared will not prove much, being that
the ship's charges will amount to a great sum ; and as for the
500 rials by the Captain for the ship's use and also the 50 rials
received by me to defray charges here, our necessity you see
urgeth patience till means happen whereby to clear it.

Your loving friends,

John Gourney,
Adam Denton,
William Sheppard,

Thomas Brockedon.
Y 1268. E




So EAST INDIA COMPANY'S RECORDS

I46

William Eaton to Richard Wickham.

In Osacay the 3rd of June, 1614.

|OVING friend Mr. Wickham, I commend me unto you
etc. Your letter of the 26th of April at my being in
Meaco I received the 17th ultimo, whereby I perceive
that as then the bark that hath your goods was not
there arrived, which I am sorry for, in that it will be a great
hindrance unto you in the sale of your broadcloth. For without
all doubt the Dutch taking that opportunity hath put away great
store of their cloth, as you write me, to the value of 400/. sterling ;
but I think at a poor rate, as well as he that is here doth, he not
refusing any reasonable price for any of his cloth being never so
fine and good, which is indeed far finer and better than ours, withal
being well sorted with colours which is a great help unto him
in the sales thereof. You write that if you had known the bark
would have stayed so long by the way, that then you would
have sent for those black cloths which I had here, not doubting
but to have sold them to the noblemen and their servants ; the
which I wish you had done, but now I have sold them with all
the rest that I have here, but only two, a Venice red and a gallant
colour ; which two cloths I cannot sell at any reasonable rate,
being colours here not in request. Those cloths which I have
sold I was forced to put away at a poor rate, in that the Dutch
sold so good cheap. Some I sold for 115 mass the matt and some
at 114 and 113 mass. Likewise I have put away all my pepper
at 6^ taels the pecul, and all my allejas at 15 mass, saving two
pieces and my cassidie nills at 26 mass per piece ; only I have
six pieces [of] it remaining unsold. As for the rest of the India
commodities I cannot here sell a piece. The powder I had here
I have sent it back to Firando ; and for my lead I do purpose
to send it you by the first bark that cometh thither from hence.
For here it will not sell and there I make account you may put
it away, as I understand by Captain Adams' letter, who writeth
that the Emperor hath bought all you had there for 6 taels the



EAST INDIA COMPANY'S RECORDS 51

pecul and likewise all that the Dutch hath at Firando at the
aforesaid price, so as there is no doubt but that you may there
sell it. I received a letter from Mr. Cocks the 2nd present
and one for yourself, the which here inclosed I have sent you.
He writeth me how that we had like to have a shrewd mischance
in that our house was on fire, the kitchen I mean, but praised be
God did no more harm but burn the water gate which was newly
made. I do propose to go for Firando within these 20 or 30
days at the furthest, God willing. So if you have any occasion
to send for any broadcloth or any other commodities which I
have here, you are best to write to my host in Japan, whom I
will give order unto to send you anything you shall write for. I
have sent to Firando for more broadcloth, for I have no more
at present, but only two as aforesaid. Mr. Peacock hath him
commended unto you in a letter I received from him the 2nd
ultimo, being dated in Langasacka the 19th of May. Thus for
present, not knowing anything else to write you of, but commit-
ting you to the protection of the Almighty God, who I beseech
to prosper and bless you in all your affairs and proceedings ;
resting

Your loving friend to command,

William Eaton.



147

Richard Cocks to William Adams in Edo or elsewhere.

Firando in Japan, the 5th of June, 1614.

APTAIN ADAMS, my last unto you was of the 12th
ultimo, sent per Duzak Skidoyemon Dono, Yasimon
Dono's brother-in-law. Since which time your letter
dated in Edo the 27th of April came to my hands in
Firando the 27th of May following. I was right glad to hear of
your good health, but sorry to understand of the long tarrying
of our goods. I pray God that the negligence of that dreaming
fellow John Phebe be not the occasion. Once it is a great

E 2




52 EAST INDIA COMPANY'S RECORDS

hindrance to the Company our broadcloth was not vented this
winter ; so many cavaleros being at court could not have wanted
to have carried all away. And I am afeard that Captain
Brower's cloth he sent hence the last of April will come to serve
the market at Edo before ours ; which if it so fall out, you may
easily guess what a scandal it will be unto us, ours departing
hence so many months before it. I would to God ours had gone
overland all with you and Mr. Wickham ; but, for me, I had no
insight into times and seasons. I am informed that Toba, the
place where our goods have lain windbound so long, is within
two or three days journey of Edo or Shrongo per land. I marvel
Mr. Wickham had not put you in mind to have conveyed our
goods overland at first, costa que costa ; but now it is too late, I
doubt to our everlasting scandal. For if we stay seven years
more in Japan we shall never have the like time to have
vented our cloth as at this general assembly of the nobility.
Old Foyne Same is very sick. It is thought he will not escape
it, for the physicians have given him over. He told me it was
the Emperor's mind that our colours (or flag) should be taken
down, because it had a cross in it ; and to this day it was not set
up again. I perceive per Mr. Wickham's letter that Tome Same
and Oyen Done are very earnest to have money before we can
receive it, and that, in place of 1,000 taels I promised to lend
them, they demand 2,000. Indeed I said I was content to let
them have more if we could spare it ; but I think we cannot, and
therefore they must pardon us. God grant they will be as
forward to repay it when it shall be demanded. I have been
much tormented with an ague, which after turned into extreme
aches in my bones in all parts of my body, so that I had thought
I should have lost the use of my limbs and was become a very
cripple ; but I praise God it is now something assuaged, and I
mean, God willing, four or five days hence to go to the hot
baths at Yshew (Ikshiu) an island of Nobisana's whither Signor
Yasimon Dono will accompany me. Our house is now in a
good forwardness, but hath cost care [or caro] . And so, in
haste, I rest

Your ever loving friend,

Richard Cocks.




EAST INDIA COMPANY'S RECORDS 53

I48

Richard Cocks to Richard Wickham in Edo.

Firando in Japan the 5th of June, 1614.

R. WICKHAM, my last unto you was of the 12th
ultimo sent per Duzak Skidoyemon Dono, since which
time yours of the 26th of April in Edo came to my
hand in Firando the 27th of May following, with
another from Captain Adams. I was glad to hear of your good
health, for that Captain Adams had formerly advised you were
sick. Yet it gave me little content to understand that the bark
which carried our goods was not arrived at Edo at the date of
your letter. Truly I cannot be persuaded but there is some
legerdemain in the matter, and I rest doubtful of that dreaming
fellow Phebe. Once we shall never have such a time offered to
sell our English cloth if we stay in Japan seven years, per means
of the assembly of those cavaleros to build the castle ; for
Mr. Eaton writeth me that merchants buy nothing, only
cavaleros carry all away. I understand that Toba is not above
two or three days journey from Edo, where our goods have lain
windbound so long. I wonder that you had not put Captain
Adams in mind long since to have used means to have got our
broadcloth and other vendible matters transported overland to
Edo, whatsoever it had cost, matters standing as they do.
Truly I doubt it will be an everlasting testimony attributed to
our slothfulness in general ; and I am of opinion that Captain
Brower's broadcloth which he sent from Firando the last of April
to be conveyed from Ozekey overland to Edo will come to serve
the market before ours, which if it so fall out what a shame will
it be, for I can do no more than I have done, for I gave every
order to sell away as time served, accounting all well sold that
is sold at what price soever. I know not of what else to write,
but long to hear of some sales and that the Emperor hath taken
the ordnance and other matters. I perceive how forward Tome
Same and Oyendono are to finger money before we can receive
it. I pray God they will be as hasty to repay it at the time



54 EAST INDIA COMPANY'S RECORDS

appointed. I promised them but a thousand taels absolutely,
making a caveat to let them have more if we could spare it, so
that I may allege matter enough to put them off with that.
Brower [?] was crafty to put them off with commodities. I wish
we had taken that course too, but now we must do as we may.
I have been troubled with an ague which turned to extreme pains
in my limbs, so that I verily thought I should have lost the use
of them and become a very cripple ; but I praise God I am now
a little better and mean to go for the hot baths at Yshew four or
five days hence. For now our house is in a good forwardness,
and you shall find your lodging in better order than it was at
your departure from hence. And so I rest,

Your loving friend,

Richard Cocks.





149

Benjamin Farie to John Jourdain [at Bantam] .

Succodana, this nth June, 1614.

ORSHIPFUL Captain Jourdain, I commend my love
unto you. Sir, it shall be needless to write to you in
particular touching the business in Mocasser, for that
Mr. Cokayne hath writ to you at large touching
our proceedings. Only this I thought good to advise you, that in
our return, not being able to fetch Banda, we put into Buttowne,
there to rest ourselves where we were earnestly sued unto by the
[Dutch ?] to relieve them with monies, being in great m [isery ?] ,
wherewith we [supplied ?] them, viz., 288 rials of eight out of
the [ ] and 812 rials of Mr. John Williams which was to

have [been repaid ?] us accordingly per exchange in Mocasser,
and at our coming [thither ?] the factory there not being fur-
nished with money to pay [ ] hath written their letters,
as also a copy of the bills [ ] to the president in Bantom
for the performance hereof, per the [ ] a ship of Holland.



EAST INDiA COMPANY'S RECORDS 55

Wherefore pray receive it accordingly. The 8th of May we
departed from Mocasser with that scand [alous ] Fran-

ciscoe, which was received into favour with Mr. Cokayne [pre-
sently ? ] your departure for his prompt understanding
and good action there, in whose regard he remained some five
months ; since which time [ ] brabbling and contention
hath grown between them upon frivolous [ ] , which for
brevity I here omit to insert. This Franc [iscoe hath] not ceased
to report to the King of Moccascer, as also to all [ ]
Christians and heathens which would lend an ear to his false
reports, that you with the consent of me hath taken out of the
cargo of cloves laden aboard the Darling for the right worshipful
our [masters' ?] account some 20 bahars of cloves and from him-
self [ ] , which is the cause that moved you to leave him
in Moccasser [knowing ?] well that if he should have proceeded
for Bantom he [would have?] acquainted the general therewith
accordingly, [ ] he hath written to the General and
Company in [ ] . The 21st of May we arrived in the
road of [ ] Captain Larkin in the Darling with [ ]
being with all the rest of the Company in good health and
[ ] our arrival here, Captain Larkin having had some
conf [erence with] this scandalous villain he told him that it was
not for any [ ] of his in the carriage of the Company's
business made you leave him, but fear that you had of him that
he would [ ] your private trade and the account of the
pootoes. Also I can do no less than advise you of the scandalous
reports of John Daie towards you in your absence [ ] Succo-
dana, viz. that you of purpose put by this place in the Darling,
not being minded to touch here, howsoever you made a show
outwardly; also much given to drink, a subverter of youth,
wishing us in Mocasser to use one woman no more than one
night, for that there was more pleasure in change, which you
gave example accordingly. These with many more reproachful
speeches I have heard credibly reported here in Succodana
should proceed from him [ ] this scandalous [villain ?] is
to come for Bantom [ ] I [ ] forbear to write
further of. Sir, it hath pleased Captain Larkin to take me along
with him in the Darling for Pottania. Wherefore I pray receive



56 EAST INDIA COMPANY'S RECORDS

such letters as shall come out of England for me, with what else,
and to send it with all convenient speed for Pottania. And for
that I have been out of England a long time, not having received
any wages or means to maintain myself, more than 20 rials from
the worshipful our General before my departure from Poolapanjon
(Pulo Pandjang, in the Bay of Bantam), for which monies I
having given a receipt to Mr. Williams, the General calling for
me speedily before I could put up my money, I left it in the
charge of Mr. [ ] until I went to know the General's

pleasure, who played it away at dice before my return, which
monies I am likely to lose without your greater friendship shown
me herein ; and now having met with Captain Larkin, of whom
I have requested some monies in part of wages, who saith it is
not in his power to pay me any, for that you have the order from



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