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General Saris to pay [ ] third part to every factor of his

wages. Wherefore I pray stand my friend and send me means
or to take order that I may have as [mo] st of the factors hath. I
pray let it not seem harsh [ ] regard I have not solicited

you with letters, for you shall [ ] presently after your

departure in the Darling. By Breams [ ] dispeeded

away to Lombasson, some ten leagues to the northwards from
Moccasser, not having language nor man of trust about me, yet
it pleased God to favour my proceedings that I had bought and
shipped for Moccasser per the fine of October 37 coyan of rice
which cost with all the charges of boat hire and porterage 20 rials
the coyan, which now is likely to be consumed with weevils.
There was paid to all the sailors of the God's Gift, except John
Darby, two months wages and to Romsie four months. Thus
desiring God to add a blessing to your proceedings, I take my
leave, being desirous to hear from you,

Yours to command,

Benjamin Farie.



Nathaniel Courthope to Captain John Jourdain [in Bantam] .
The 14th of June, 1614.

JAPTAIN JOURDAIN, my commendations remembered
unto you. These are to certify unto you that the
second day of April last [we] arrived in the road of
Soccadania, finding there Mr. Sophony [Mr.] Greete
and John Clough with much contention betwixt them, [in such ?]
sort that absolutely they would not upon any terms stay longer
together, and not hearing any news of the junk [ ] Mr.

Williams, upon a council held here by the Captain [and] rest of
the factors, doubting of the junk coming in, it [was] agreed that
myself should stay in this place but [since my ?] arrival, upon
Mr. Sophony's and Mr. Greet's extraordinary [ ] Captain

Larkin sent Mr. Sophony, Richard Newell and [one] man more
up the river of Landucke in a small prow with 4 [of the ? or o]
blacks, thinking to settle a factory in the said place. [But they]
were repulsed by the Dieackes and so returned without [ ]

of the Landucke men. So their persuasions being still [ ]

to send and make another trial with more strength, [ ]

Mr. Sophony and seven Englishmen more and seven blacks went
[ ] time, all of us escaping a miraculous danger as Mr.

Sop[hony] will certify you at large ; and the first of June we
returned. The junk arrived in this place with Francis Kelly and
[Benjamin] Farie from Macasser, Mr. Williams being dead
[ ] taking out the goods which were for this place

] all the money that the silk and [ ]

chest of money which was for this place [ ] eight.

Sir, these are further to let you understand your porcelain will
not sell for half the money it cost at Bantam ; beside I have
not received the supplement [you ?] maketh mention of by 600
pieces, I think the fault [ ] the masters, for that I believe

they were sent ashore at Ban [tarn] amongst the Company's. I
have not as yet sold any of [them] and for your sugars they are
much hurt by the cockroaches ; for your rack the Captain had


it for the ship's use, paying me one rial a jar, being as much as
it would yield in this [place ?] ; but assure yourself I will do my
best in the sale thereof [as] soon as I can. Yet although I have
not sold any of [ ] have paid out of my own money to

Sophony the [ ] rials of eight which you willed me to pay him.
Receive of Mr. John Parsons five rials of [eight I] have lent him
for his needful use, which [ ] a note of his hand here

enclosed for the payment [ ] . Thus praying you by the

next supply for [ ] us these commodities as in the next

side [ ] are vendible in this place. Captain [ ]

this place towards Potany the gth of [ ] Cassarian is to

go for Sambass [ ] praying to God for your good

health [ ].

[ ]•

These are the cloths vendible in this place and the prices that
they will yield here and the quantity we desire to have sent.

[ ] gugeratt 5 corge worth here

Dragons a good quantity worth here
Popolungs a good quantity will sell at
Chindes some 2 corge at .
Loyonge some 10 pecul
Tapesererasses very fine some 3 corge will

sell . . . . .
Fine gobersaresses will sell for
Tapes Challie Cuttans 4 corge will sell at
2 elephants' teeth

Likewise I pray send me some 6 pieces of chowtars for shirting
for myself.

Your loving friend to his power,

Nathaniel Courthope.

rials madins

01 24 per piece

02 00


02 00


06 00


02 00


08 00


03 00




Peter Floris to Mr. Tho. Aldworth at Surat.
Mislopatan (Masulipatam), June the 17th, 1614.
OOD Mr. Thomas Aldworth, I commend me unto you,
etc. Your letter dated the 10th of May in Baroche
(Broach) I received here the 7th of June with the
musters of indigo, wherefore I very kindly thank you,
as also for the very good correspondency you do offer to me. I
expect the Company's business will go the better forward by
keeping a good intercourse, whereunto you shall find me every
time ready, and so let this suffice your mind. And now whereas
you send me those two musters of indigo in my judgment but
nought and dear, I do send you three musters of indigo bought
by me, or rather bargained for several goods, a parcel of 80 candy,
wherein are those three sorts mixed together. Of the first sort
there may be about half, and so of the two other sorts every a
quarter. Cost in bartering 80 pagodas which, being reduced into
our money and weight, will come, with charges and all, i2d. the
pound, being in my opinion better cheap than you write of. And
because you do write that the occasion of your going to Baroche
was to buy fine linen and cotton yarn, therefore I do send you
several musters from the finest to the coarsest, thereby that you
may perceive of the difference of the prices betwixt here and
there ; and I pray you let us have your advice upon the yarn.
My advice is that the coarser or the common sort will sell the
better and in greater quantity with better profit than the finest
sort ; yet I do intend to have of every sort a parcel and hope to
have here about 200 fardels of yarn, and every fardel of about
150 lb. or thereabouts, and about 300 packs of indigo of the same
weight, which shall serve for homewards ; the rest in fine Bengala
cloth and a parcel of painted cloths of several sorts. I do not
see how the fine calicoes can give great profit, but the indigo
and yarn according to instructions I hope will give no less than
six or seven for one. Mr. Gourney had a great opinion of these
two sorts of merchandise ; how it shall fall out the time shall
learn it. Upon the 17th of May departed this life Mr. Thomas
Essington, who was our Captain and merchant, whereby I have


lost [ ] help and assistance, but what shall we do [

Mr. John Skinner as master of the ship with full [autho] rity
[ ] come hither. The ship is now trimmed [

the [ ] of Yarspur (Narsapur) and hope within this month

[ ] [s] he shall come [her] e and I hope to be r [ead] y in

August [or at ?] the utmost half September, to set sail for
Bantam and so [to Eng ?] land. If you have any service or letters
to send we very [ ] will do the best we can. Here is

arrived a [Dutch] ship from Bantam the 24th of November last,
who brings [news that ?] the General Best was there a-lading the
Dragon and Osiander for homewards bound, and the Darling was
ready to follow the Dutch ship within five or six days. The
Dutch ship tells that she was bound here for this coast but she
doth not yet come. I rather believe that she is bound for Surat,
albeit it troubleth me much, seing that in May she was not
arrived there. I pray God preserve her from mischance. There
was no news from home because there was not yet arrived any ships
neither English nor Dutch. The Trades Increase is wholly over-
thrown and have sold part of her ordnance to the Dutch, a pitiful
matter to see such a princely ship in [ ] . The General

Best hath done a worthy matter at Bantom. There hath been
three houses of the English in great dissension the one against
the other, which the General hath united and hath set an agent
to overlook the rest ; surely a great piece of service which will
redound to his credit and the Company's profit.

Yesterday arrived here a fellow who calleth his name John,
saying, he come sent from you with letters from Sir Thomas
Smith our Governor, brought by land, and that he hath been
but thirty three days from you, or the next day that you did send
your letter per this peon ; and coming to Barampur (Berhanpur),
in company of a certain English merchant John Bednall and one
Thomas Lock with one Frenchman, whom he did leave at
Barampur, and this John coming from Barumpur towards
Bagnagar (Bisnagar) was robbed by the way, by his own
report, of a camel, a horse, six fine cloths, a hundred pagodas
in money, and other apparel. So, coming to Coulas, he did
send back two servants for Barampur and one for Surat, but
he himself came to Bagnagar, where he did meet with a certain


gentile, being a goldsmith, an old acquaintance of mine, who did
take him into his house and did write me of it what is passed
with this John ; whereupon I did answer him that he would do
the best to send him hither to me and I would pay the charges,
and withal I, thinking him to be an Englishman, I did send two
peons to accompany him ; but, after he arrived here, I did per-
ceive that I was cozened and that coun [terfeited ?] himself to
have been a servant of Mr. Hawkins [an] d that [he] hath been
employed by you to carry letters [ ] and knowing most

of all the [names of the ?] English [in that ?] quarter I almost
should have b [elie] ved him b [ut] I [ ] faults ; that is, that

he saith he is come two [days after ?] your letter of the ioth of
May ; by the which [ ] have been but 32 or 33 days from

Surat [ ] himself, but now to the contrary by my letter

[written by ?] my friend from Bagnagar, as also by the reckoning
of the days, he hath been at least 26 or 27 days that he arrived
first at Bagnagar ; how is it then possible that he should come in
32 days from Surat ? And because you do write me nothing of his
proceedings I dare hardly trust him. Notwithstanding, because
he tells me that the English merchants from Barampur will be
here within this ten or twelve days, I have been content to write
Attmachan and Malicktosuer in Bagnagar in his behalf, to see if
they can get his stolen goods again, albeit I do believe there is no
such matter. In the mean time I shall stay him here till other
news ; and if there come none, I shall thrust him out of doors.

Whereas you write me that I ought (owed) you 48s. for port
of the letter with robbing of the peon, and that you willingly
would have the same employed in small diamonds or a couple of
rubies ; but assure yourself they are so dear that I dare not buy
any. The reason is that the ship of Arachan is not arrived this
year. Wherefore I do send you the foresaid 48s. in gold and
have delivered the peon 8^ pagodas which is 12 rials or 48s. I
hope that he can keep the same secret. So, not having at
present else wherewith to enlarge, but with my commendations
unto you, I commit you to the protection of the Almighty. From
Mesalapatan the 17th June, 1614.

Your loving friend,

Peter Floris.



William Eaton to Richard Wickham in Edo.
In Ozacay, the 17th of June, 1614.

OST loving and kind friend Mr. Wickham, I commend
me unto you, etc. Your two several letters of the
22nd ultimo and the 3rd present in Edo I have
received, the one of the 5th present by the Dutch
Juribasso and the other at present by your servant John Phebe.
By which your said letters I understand of all matters, as also
how that you are in hope to put away all the black cloth you
have at 120 mass the fathom, and have written me to send you
as many of my black cloths as I could spare. At present I have
not any, having sold all I had, as I wrote you the 3rd present, by
the conveyance of a servant of Semidona's ; not doubting but
that you have received the said letter before this time. Some of
the said cloths I sold for 115 mass the fathom or matt's length,
and others for 114 and 113 mass per matt. Also I have sold all
my pepper at 6£ taels the pecul ; and likewise all my allejas, saving
three or four pieces, at 15 mass per piece, and most part of my
cassidie nills for 26 mass per piece ; being very poor prices. But
yet I am glad they are sold away, although at so bad a rate ; for
I think if they were to sell now, I should not get so much for
them, being commodities, as all our India goods are, not here in
request. I wish all I have and all that you have were sold at no
worse prices, etc. I have written to Mr. Cocks for more black
cloths some twelve days past, both for the furnishing of you and
myself, hoping within these 20 days to be provided both for
myself and you ; so as until then I do purpose to detain your
servant John Phebe here, unless Captain Adams at his coming
hither do counsel me to the contrary ; whose coming I do daily
expect and purpose, God willing, to go with him for Firando.
So as if you have occasion to write for anything, either to our
Captain or myself, you were best to direct your letters to my host
with whom I will leave all matters, both for the sending of any
goods I have unto you, which you shall write for, as also for the
conveyance of your letters to Firando. In my last letter I


sent you thereinclosed a letter from Mr. Cocks etc. ; both of
Mr. Peacock's I have received, and yours I will send you by
J [ohn] Phebe etc. And thus for present, not knowing anything
else to write you of, in haste I end, committing you and your
affairs unto the protection of the Almighty God, resting

Your loving friend to command,

William Eaton.


Thomas Brockedon to Sir Thomas Smith.
Patani this 23rd of July, 1614.

flGHT Worshipful, my humble duty remembered etc.
May it please you to understand that through the
death of our factor it pleased our council to make
choice of me to assist in your Worship's business in
Pettepoly (Petapoli), wherein I employed myself to do the Wor-
shipful Company the best service I could, as my account I hope
will testify. And now, having great want of factors, necessity
caused my stay in the country to assist in the business, hoping
that my proceedings will cause your Worship to have a good
opinion of me, which if I could obtain I should think myself very
happy. Your Worship knows my small wages, neither do I seek
any way to encroach on the Worshipful Company, but wholly
relying on your Worship's good favour do wholly refer myself as
your Worship shall think I may deserve. My humble suit unto
your Worship at this present is that if my father, Robert
Brockedon, should send unto your Worship for fifty pounds that
you would be pleased to send him the same, I have due unto me
from the purser's book about [ ] and 10/. due from the

sailors, the which or so much out of my wages [ ] may

be sent [ ] will ever acknowledge myself to be bound in

all duty unto your Worship for so great benefits received. Now
concerning our proceedings, it hath hitherto been carried in that


cross manner by the indiscretion and ill carriage of our com-
manders that the business hath been greatly endamaged thereby ;
for first by oversight we lost our monsoon for the Coast, by which
means the making of two returns was overthrown. The great
loss that must needs redound thereby your Worship can best
judge. The occasion thereof the master layeth on the captain
and the captain on the master ; the truth must be decided at
return. As concerning the captain's carriage, it hath been in that
manner that it would be thought to proceed of malice to describe
the same (from which I know myself to be free). For first at
Bantam, having lost the first opportunity, neglecting also the
enquiry what was best to be done to obtain the Coast, being told
that the Flemings had formerly gotten their passage through the
straits of Malacca, and now a ship ready to go that way was
ready to depart, he only seeking to wreak his own malice by dis-
gracing the merchants and domineering (continually ashore)
captain-like never enquiring the means aforesaid, goes through
the straits of Sunda ; whereby we lost our passage, and the
Hollanders got to the market ; losing thereby at least six months
to the [ ] . Again at Masulpatam, renewing his old

quarrels with the merchants, and lying always ashore to show his
greatness, seeing he could not have his own will took another
house for himself and his trumpeters and such as pleased him,
raising thereby a needless charge of at least 500 rials of 8. What
hurt he otherwise did by his merchandising and how he disgraced
our nation, such as were resident there can best certify your
Worship, being a general custom amongst captains to account all
other men base, and that it is their due to devour all the best in
the ship. The steward's account of wine &c. sent home will
show that the captain hath drank and misspent more than all the
men of our ship ; whose example and want of government hath
caused such disorder and drunkenness, both of the master and
most part of the rest, that the like I think hath seldom been
seen. I refer the particular discourse of his perverseness and
insufficiency to those that return ; assuring myself it will be
proved worse than I am able to express. For I protest I do not
know wherein he hath furthered your Worships' business in the
least degree, but rather hath been a hinderer of it. The master


his carriage under such a commander I need not relate, being
well known unto your Worship, captains' absolute authority binds
men's tongues from speaking as they ought, for their maxim in
captainship is to make use of authority and vaunt to answer all
things at return. Thus being loth to be further troublesome unto
your Worship, with my prayers to Almighty God for your
Worship's prosperous health and our happy proceedings, I
humbly rest

Your Worship's ever bounden in all
duty to be commanded,

Thomas Brockedon.
Your Worship shall further understand that the 24th ditto
about 10 of the clock at night, one of our men was slain by
Mr. Dennis, master his mate, with a knife, being all drunk. The
like uproars hath twice been since our arrival, for swords and
pikes were drawn in the night, wherein Mr. Gourney, Captain
Larkin and his merchant had like to have been slain ; he com-
mending them for it and saying they did the parts of honest men,
the captain passing all things slightly over, fearing I think to
punish them, which makes them to run headlong into these
mischiefs ; for this same night also a knife was drawn on
Mr. Gourney by one of his trumpeters, and he being called by
Mr. Wotton to remedy the same refused to rise, whereupon partly
by means of the same this mischance happened.


Captain Robert Larkin to Sir Thomas Smith.

In Pattania the 24th of July, 1614.

IGHT Worshipful, my humble duty remembered. My
last was with the Clove per General Saris ; therefore I
doubt not that your Worship long before this under-
standeth how [ ] altered the former pretended

voyage of the Darling for the Coast and dispeeded myself in
her upon a new voyage for Succadana, Pattania and Siam.

Y 1268. r.


But it pleased God I came fortunately to relieve that factory of
Succadana, which I found indebted to the Hollanders and in a
poor beggarly estate, per reason of the junk we dispeeded from
Bantam [ ] for that place, not [ ] fetching it,

did first touch at Macassar, to which place it was likewise bound,
but it should have been after, as per the commission given con-
cerning those businesses declared. But I think they sold their
silks at very good [rates ?J as I understood at the arrival of
the junk from thence to Succad [ana] , being in the time of my
stay there. Which reason being not able to go further unto
Bantam, I was forced to buy a new ; which happily fell out that
I so lighted upon one which I have good hope will do your
Worships great service ; yet cost it under seven score rials of
eight per which I sent for Bantam 22 peculs and 88 [?] catties of
wax, and 337 diamonds weighing 119 carats \\ and I hope the
wax being bought at that reasonable rate as that wax will more
than double the money at Bantam. I supplied likewise the
factory at Sambass, of which place, although I cannot yet give
your Worships any certain [ ] of [profit ?] yet have I

very great hopes ; for surely the Hollanders would never have
maintained a 16 persons till their misdemeanours put them out,
had they not found its sweetness. But of this place your Worships
shall better understand from Bantam. After settling of business
at these places of Succodania and Sambasse, we set sail the
[25th ?] of June 1614. But before I proceed any further I am to
acquaint your Worships that [ ] from Sophony

Cozucke and [ ] Landock, and what offer the chief there,

coming to Succodania, had made them; [touching] which I think
your Worships are not without the like advice, therefore the more
brief. I am bold to acquaint you that in the time of my stay in
Succodana I twice made trial up that river, proceeding so far till
even at the place, where our people found nothing but treachery
and returned with the loss of two blacks. Had [I come?] away
and not performed my endeavours in these, I daresay there would
have been such clamours that my esteem would have been such
as not deserving the title of your Worships' servant ; and my
opinion is that these trials have been such and so sufficient that
you need not to make any further conclusions thereof. Notwith-


standing, I have sent the draft of the river with these, which is
upwards of 100 leagues, because I know you will not want great
inducements thereunto. Leaving which to your Worship's best
consideration, we proceeding to Pattania met with the Ja[mes
to ?] them [falling ?] very luckily, although as usual not to your-
selves. So arrived [ ] in Pattania the 29th of June,
where we found no vent for our Surat cloth, nor China wares to
lay out our money, but have stayed all this while upon the James'
business, and have taken in all her goods bound for Siam, where
I understand will be good vent for our cloth, or Camboja which
is near thereunto, and because I hope we shall be able to dispeed
back our lading time enough to return with these before the
James shall have trimmed.

I am the bolder thus in brief to write, and entreat your
Worship's pardon if I fail in what I ought ; but, God willing, I
shall not fail in what I am able. For indeed it had been no small
grief unto me, my ignorantly having to do with part of the goods
of the deceased Sir Henry Middleton, which, being mixed with
your Worships', I could not well tell how to sift
[Conclusion illegible]


Richard Cocks to Richard Wickham in Edo.
Firando in Japan. 1614 July the 25th.

R. WICKHAM, your two letters of the 26th of May
and 3rd of June in Edo came to my hands in Firando
the 20th of July per our friends Captain Adams and
Mr. Eaton. The contents I have perused and have
not time at present to write you at large, by means of the sudden
departure of this bark, wherein I send John Phebe with a
cargazon of nine broad cloths and eighteen pieces of allejas
packed up in six chests &c, number as appeareth per invoice sent
hereinclosed. So now with grief of mind I write unto you of

f 2


the ill hap and death of our friend, Mr. Tempest Peacock in
Cochin China, where he arrived in safety, as the Dutch did the
like, and sold their goods to the king, who gave order they should
come to his city of Miaco to receive payment, but forestalled them
and set upon them in their return, and killed all that were in
company, both Dutch, English and Japans their followers. But,
as it is reported, Walter Canvarden was left aboard the junk and
so escaped, yet search was made there for him, and whether he be
alive or dead, God he knoweth, or what part of our commodity was
left aboard the junk ; for out of doubt Walter was not left there
for nothing, and amongst the rest they had a thousand pezos in
rials of eight, which I am assured was not ashore. Their
cargazon did amount to above seven hundred twenty and eight
pounds sterling, as it cost first penny. It is thought that the
King of Cochin China did this in revenge of some injuries offered

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