UNIVERSITY OF CALIFOR
AT LOS ANGELES
ROBERT ERNEST COWAN
E. B. CROCKER ART
OWNED BY THE
COMPILED BY W. F. JACKSON
JOS. M. ANDERSON. PRINTER
1-A Pebbles, Frank M.
Portrait of President U. S. Grant
3 Nahl, ChaS. C. San Francisco
Sunday Morning in the Mines (1849)
This picture is of special interest, as the scenes it rep-
-4 resents are all taken from real life in the mining camp, in
the California era of '49.
4 Nahl, ChaS. C. San Francisco
This picture illustrates Spanish life in the early days of
5 Cogswell, Wm.
Portrait of President U. S. Grant
6 Cogswell, Wm.
Portrait of Chief Justice Salmon P. Chase
7 Nahl, ChaS. C. San Francisco
The Patriotic Race
No. 7 represents an incident of the American Revolution.
8 Adam, Eugene Munich
Dalmation Peasants at the Spring
CROCKER ART GALLERY
9 Leisten, J.
10 Vandyck, Sir A. Flemish schoo
Anthony Vandyck, the friend and pupil of Rubens, is
justly termed the "Prince of Portrait Painters." In this de-
partment he is allowed to have but one superior Titian.
Vandyck was born at Antwerp in 1599, and died in London
in 1641. The portrait before us is evidently that of some
scholar and divine of the seventeenth century.
1 1 Wyck, Thomas Flemish School
Thomas Wyck was born at Harlem in 1616. He excelled
in painting small figures, shipping, the interiors of chemists'
laboratories, etc. "His pictures are well composed, his color-
ing warm and transparent, and his pencil bold and free." He
died in 1686.
12 Bager, Johann Daniel
13 Reni, GuidO (1575-1642) Bolognese School
Guido Reni, the greatest of the scholars of the Caracei,
was born at Bologna in 1575. "His earlier pictures display
a striving after the grand and terrible, with a powerful effect
of light and shadow, similar to that observed in the works of
Caravaggio; but his later style, by which he is best known,
is remarkable for its sweetness and tenderness. His heads
show the influence of a careful study of the antique." Guido
died in 1642.
14 Vandyck, Sir A. (1599-1641) Antwerp
The Epiphany, or Adoration of the Three Kings
15 Rembrandt, Van Rhyn (after)
Expulsion of Hagar (on porcelain)
16 Hasenclever, John Peter (after)
"A" ROSa, Sal VatOre (1615-1673) Neapolitan School
The Wild Bull Hunt
17 Eibner, L.
18 Mllhr, JuliUS Munich
Othello and Desdemona
"These things to hear,
Would Desdemona seriously incline."
19 Hakl.G. Munich
20 Bush, Norton San Francisco
Under the Equator
(Owned by Ladies' Musem Association)
Norton Bush was born in Rochester, N. Y., in 1833. He
studied under James Harris, an English landscape painter,
and later under Cropsey and Hart, of New York. He came
to California in 1853, residing in San Francisco and Martinez.
He traveled extensively in Panama, Nicaragua and Peru,
where he laid the foundation of his reputation as a painter
of tropical scenery. One of his best known works is "Mount
Diablo" in the rooms of the Society of Pioneers, San Fran-
cisco. He received a number of medals from various State
and local organizations. Mr. Bush died in Oakland, Cal.,
21 Glieman, A. Dresden
Girl and Pet Dog
22 Bienaime, J. Paris
The Dangerous Neighbor
CROCKER ART GALLERY
23 F. Roffiaen, and Eug. Verboeckhoven
Landscape With Animals
Eugene Verboeckhoven was born in 1799 at Warneton, a
small village in Belgium. He is a member of the Antwerp
Academy, an officer of the Order of Leopold, a Chevalier of
the Legion of Honor, Commander of the Portuguese Order of
Christ, and Chevalier of the Order of Merit of Bavaria. Many
painters who have risen to eminence have acquired a
knowledge of the art in his studio at Brussels.
24 Roux, Charles Munich
25 Vandyck, Sir A. (after)
Madonna and Child.
26 Durer, Albert German School
Albert Durer, the painter of this head of St. Joseph and
its companion picture, "The Virgin Mary," was born at
Nurnberg in 1471. He distinguished himself in youth by his
exquisite carvings, and subsequently adopted painting as his
profession. Albert Durer has been styled the father of the
German School of Painting and the Prince of Artists. He
died in 1528.
27 Durer, Albert German School
The Virgin Mary
28 Veronese, PaolO < 1 532- 1 583) (after) Venetian School
Christ Bearing the Cross
The original painting is in the Dresden Gallery.
29 Dietrich, Franz Dresden
Oedipus and Antigone
On discovery that he had been guilty of the double crime
of parricide and incest, Oedipus in horror put out his eyes
and exiled himself. Led by his daughter Antigone, he pro-
ceeds to the grove of the Furies at Colones, where, amid
thunder-peals, he is removed from earth.
Advancing along a dreary and rocky road, Antigone, in a
white garment almost completely covered by violet drapery,
which veils without concealing her beautiful form, is putting
aside the briars from her father's path with the wand in
her right hand; her head is turned towards Oedipus, who
on his daughter's left side and holding her hand, advances
with bowed head and the slow, uncertain step of blindness.
The dark red drapery of Oedipus contrasts admirably with
his silvery, flowing hair and beard.
30 Martusteig, F. weimar
Ulrich Von Hutten Seeking Shelter
Ulrich Von Hutten, born in Hesse Cassel, in the year
1488, was placed at the age of eleven in the monastery of
Fulda, with the intention of his becoming a monk. When
fifteen he ran away from the cloister to the University of
Erfurt, where he joined the anti-monkish party. He sub-
sequently became a great scholar and reformer. He died
in Switzerland in 1523. No. 30 represents him seeking the
refuge provided for him by Zwinglius, in the house of a
clergyman named Schuegg, on the island of Ufuan, in the
Lake of Zurich.
31 Adam, Benno (after)
The original of this picture is in the Royal Bavarian
collection at Schleissheim.
32 TelX Dresden
Mary, Queen of Scots, and Her Husband, with Rizzio
33 Muhr, Julius Munich
Banquet of Queen Joanna Near Naples
At a table, covered with a damask cloth, on which are
flowers, wines and sweetmeats, ladies and cavaliers are
seated in various attitudes, all more or less careless. In the
CROCKER ART GALLERY
foreground, to the right of the spectator, sits Queen Joanna,
a fair woman, of beautiful form and feature. She is clothed
in white satin; some drapery of gold brocade is thrown
across her lap, which is full of flowers, and the tip of her
dainty attired foot rests on a richly covered stool. Her head
is turned towards the gentlemen on her left, Prince Louis
of Taranto, who, with his right hand on his heart, is evi-
dently making some tender protestation. Behind the chairs
of the Queen and her favorite stand two Moorish boys,
holding fans of peacock feathers. To the left, a youth and
maiden, in the costume of the Italian peasantry, are execut-
ing a national dance to the music of bagpipe and flute. In
the background attendants are bringing in fruit, and on the
extreme right of the picture a musician, seated on a stone
fence, and two lazzaroni are eagerly gazing upon the festive
scene. Between the vine-wreathed pillars, at the back of
the table, we have a view of Vesuvius, and the blue waters
of the far-famed Bay of Naples.
Queen Joanna reigned from 1343 to 1382. She was a
beautiful, but unprincipled woman, who caused the murder
of her first husband in 1345, and was married three times
afterwards. She was suffocated by command of her cousin
and adopted son, Charles of Durazzo, who was proclaimed
King of Naples in 1382.
34 Winterstein, E.
35 Rubens, Peter Paul (after)
Descent From the Cross
36 Nahl, ChaS. C. San Francisco
The Indian Camp
38 Piloty, Carl Munich
The Hurdy-Gurdy Girl
Professor Piloty was born in 1826, and was for years
Director of the Royal Academy of Munich. He acquired
European fame by two great works, which of their kind are
unri/alled: The "Death of Wallenstein," and "Nero Walking
Among the Ruins of Rome." He has numerous followers
and imitators, among them Lindenschmidt and Toby Rosen-
39 Unknown English school
Boy and Falcon
The Flageolet Player
Kockert, J Munich
St. John's Eve.
2 Dietrich, Franz Dresden
Proclamation of Peace After the Thirty Years' War
43 Siebold, C. 1759
Maria Theresa, Empress of Austria
45 Veronese, Paolo (after)
Abduction of Europa
46 Burde, F. Benin
Preaching in the Woods
47 DeKeyser (after)
Raphael Painting the Duchess Joanna of Arragon
48 Van Der Werff, Adrian (after)
The small painting in the Royal Pinakothek in Munich, of
which this is a copy, is considered the best work of the
10 CROCKER ART GALLERY
49 Salvator Rosa (after)
50 Holbein, Hans (after)
Portrait of Martin Luther
51 Van Aelst, Wilhelm Dutch school
Roses and Butterfly
52 Meissner, Ernst
Cattle and Sheep
53 Minjon, P. H. Brussels
Street in Ghent
54 Muhlig, Meno Dresd
Royal Hunting Feast
55 Victor, Jan (ieoo-1670) outct
Moses in the Desert
But little is known of the private history of this able
artist. He was of Flemish origin, and was born about the
year 1600. He studied in the school of Rubens, but sub-
sequently adopted the manner of Rembrandt, and so closely
does he approach that master, that many works attributed
to Rembrandt, doubtless owe their paternity to Jan Victor,
and only a duly qualified connoisseur can discriminate be-
tween the two. Victor, or as he sometimes signed his
pictures, Fictoor, usually chose his subjects from the Old
Testament. He died about 1670.
56 Hill, Thomas San Francisco
Grand Canyon of the Sierras
Yosemite Valley, California
Thomas Hill was born in Birmingham, England, in 1829.
His family came to America in 1840, and settled at Taunton,
Mass. He early showed artistic talent, his first important
SACRAMENTO, CALIF. 11
work being painted in Philadelphia in 1853, at which time
he was a member of the old Graphic Club and also of the
Academy, studying in the life class, of which Rothermel
was President. In 1853, he took his first medal at the
Maryland Institute, Baltimore. In 1861, he came to Cali-
fornia for the benefit of his health. Opening a studio in San
Francisco, he took the first prize of the Art Union for his
"Trial Scene in the Merchant of Venice." He went to Paris
in 1866, and studied with Paul Meyerheim, after which he
devoted himself almost exclusively to landscape. Taking up
his residence in Boston in 1867, he painted several notable
pictures, amongst others "The Yosemite Valley" and "White
Mountain Notch." Ill health compelled him to return to
California, where he was soon able to resume the successful
career began in the East. At the Centennial Exposition,
Philadelphia, 1876, he was awarded the first medal for land-
scape painting, the subjects being "Donner Lake" and
"Yosemite Valley" which are now in the gallery of the Leland
Stanford, Jr., University. Another of his best works, "The
Great Canon of the Sierras," is in the Crocker Gallery
(No. 56). This picture gained the New York Pallette Club
medal. In addition to these honors, Mr. Hill has received a
number of other medals.
57 Titian, Vecelli (after)
Lavinia, Titian's Daughter
58 Bretschneider, Edward Aitenburg
Cordelia and King Lear in Prison
59 Jordeans, Jacob (1593) Flemish school
The Elated Troubadour
60 TeiX Dresden
Trial of Charles the First of England
61 Muhllg, MenO Dresden
Return From the Hunt
62 Rubens, Peter Paul (after)
The Garland of Fruit
12 CROCKER ART GALLERY
63 Weber, Antoine PHS
64 DeKeyser, Theodore (after)
Vandyck Bidding Adieu to Rubens
65 Reinhold, Bernhard Dresden
Young Mason Eating His Dinner
66 Batoni, Pompeo Girolamo (after)
The famous picture in the Dresden Gallery, of which
this is a copy, is conceded by all to be Batoni's masterpiece.
Batoni was born at Lucca, Italy, in 1708, and died in 1781.
68 Ostade, Isaac Van (i6i2)
70 Pluddemann (after)
71 Murillo, Bartholome Esteban Spanish school
In this picture the connoisseur recognizes at a glance the
master hand of Murillo. The squalid attire and surroundings
of the weird, witch-like creature, the attendant ape, fit com-
panion for a being who appears scarcely human in her
repulsive hideousness, are portrayed with wonderful art and
expression, and reveal the touch of him, in whom "all the
glories of Spanish art were united, as it were, into one focus."
Murillo, like Rubens, the only master of his age that can be
compared with him in talent, "possessed an almost in-
credible fertility, a widely extended reputation, and most
Bartholome Esteban Murillo was born at the little town
of Pilas, near Seville, in 1618, and died in 1685.
72 Kaulbach, Hermann
The First Confession
73 Scholtz, Julius
German Peasant Wedding
74 Maier, A.
Veteran Teaching His Boy
75 Wolf, F.
The Love Letter
76 Marc, W.
Equality of Rank
77 Hahn, Wilhelm San Francisco
Market Scene, Sansome Street, San Francisco
78 Hubner, Carl Dusseidorf
The Village on Fire
In this magnificent painting, Hubner has represented
in the most vivid colors all the horrors of a conflagration.
Pope of Greek Church
80 Veronese, Paolo (after)
The Marriage in Cana
The original of this painting is in the Dresden Gallery.
14 CROCKER ART GALLERY
81 Quellinus, Erasmus Flemish school
Quellinus was born at Antwerp in 1607, and died in 1678.
82 Choulant, Theodore Dresden
View in Venice
Invasion of Persia by the Russians Under Prince
Pascovitch in 1829
84 Hasenclever, John Peter
The Examination of Hieronymus Jobs
85 Achenbach, C.
Festival and Fireworks by Moonlight
at Resina, Italy
86 Landseer (after)
The Horse Sheer
87 Risse, R.
The Sleeping Beauty
88 Baer, Prof. Dresden
In front of his dwelling, in Munster, Johann von Leyden
is baptizing the daughter of his prophet, Dusentschuer, whom
he afterwards married. On his left stand his co-regents-
Rollman, the priest, holding the book, "de libertate Chris-
tiana," under his arm, and Knipperdolling, in executioner's
garb, with the sword. Behind these appear two of his twelve
dukes, the co-regents of the world. In the foreground, a
kneeling monk, seized with fanaticism, is pressing forward
to the anabaptism. In obedience to the King's command,
that all gold and silver is to be delivered up to him, a maiden
is bringing her trinkets and valuables to lay at the soverign's
SACRAMENTO, CALIF. 15
feet. Attired in her white baptismal robes, Dusentschuer's
daughter, the picture of innocence and devotion, kneels be-
fore Johann, and receives upon her bowed head the water
of anabaptism. The boy, holding the vessel of water, was
a natural son of the Bishop of Munster, and in his captivity
served as page to the King. His garments are blue and
brown, to typify that his King is Lord of Heaven and Earth.
Behind the maiden kneels Dusentschuer, the second John
the Baptist. Instead of a sheepskin, a wolfskin covers his
shoulders, and on his banner is inscribed the sanguinary
motto of the Anabaptists: "dat Wort is Flesch worden."
By his side appears Hilla, the new Judith, in a state of
ecstasy. Behind her follow groups of the people, represent-
ing Stupidity, Remorse, Indolence, and Anguish of Mind.
Armed men mingle in the crowd, for the protection of the
newly established Zion. Albot, Burgomaster of Munster, and
his wife, both heartily grieved at the new regime of the
fanatics, are seen at the window immediately overlooking this
scene. The Ludgheri Church is visible in the background,
but as if to carry out the words of Scripture, that whatso-
ever exalteth itself shall be humbled, its spire is broken.
Pictures and books are being burned in the square in front
of the church, for New Zion has her King and her Prophets.
The above description of the painting "The Anabaptists"
was written by the poet Julius Mosen.
89 Genz, W. Benin
Egyptian Harem Taking a Walk.
90 Eckhout, G. Van Den (1621-1674)
Christ at Emmaus
91 Thompson, H. London
One of the First Smokers
92 Reyntjens, H. E. Paris
A Jolly Party
16 CROCKER ART GALLERY
93 Van der Werf , Peter Dutch school
Medor and Angelica
(From Ariosto's "Orlando Furioso")
Peter Van der Werf was born in the vicinity of Rotter-
dam in 1665. A pupil of his elder brother, Adrian, he copied
the latter's works in the same tone of coloring and delicate
manner of penciling. In painting from his own designs he
imitated his brother so closely that his pictures have some-
times passed for Adrian's works, although they are inferior
to them. He died in 1718.
94 Nahl, ChaS. C. San Francisco
The Love Chase
It was customary with the Arabs, when a young man
wooed the daughter of a Sheik, that the father should give
his best horse to the maiden, and another to her suitor. If
the girl was favorably disposed toward the intended bride-
groom, she would rein in her steed, thus giving him an
opportunity of overtaking her; if, on the contrary, she dis-
liked him, she urged her horse to its utmost speed. This
picture represents a fair lady, evidently extremely willing
to be captured, and giving her lover every possible oppor-
tunity of winning the prize. In the background are seated
the respective fathers of the young couple, while, according
to Arab custom, a camel stands ready to carry home the
95 Vollmar Munich
Paying His Addresses
96 Rembrandt (School of)
97 Gille, Robert
98 Mengs, Cav. Antonio Raffaelle German
Portrait of a Nobleman
SACRAMENTO, CALIF. 17
99 Hiddemann, F. Munich
Return Home From America
101 Van de Velde, Adrian Dutch school
Adrian Van de Velde was born at Amsterdam in 1639.
"He was a scholar of Jan Wynants, and ranks almost as high
as Paul Potter; for if inferior to him in the energy of con-
ception displayed in his cattle, in plastic modelling and
breadth of solid execution, he excels him in variety of sub-
ject, in taste for composition, delicacy of drawing, and in a
certain warmth and sweetness of feeling." He has, however,
this in common with Paul Potter that he was a distinguished
artist by the age of fourteen, and that he died young, namely,
at the age of thirty-two.
103 De Cawer, L. Ghent
Terrier and Puppies
104 Van Der Werf, Peter Dutch school
Diana and a Nymph
106 Muhlig, MenO Dresden
Caught in the Act
107 Bush, N. San Francisco
Soda Springs, Sierra Nevada Mountains.
108 Potter, Paul Dutch school
Landscape with Animals
Paul Potter was born at Enckhuysen in 1625. He made
such astonishing progress in the study of painting, that h
18 CROCKER ART GALLERY
ranked, at the age of fifteen, as a finished artist. "Of the
masters who have striven pre-eminently after truth, he is,
beyond all question, one of the greatest that ever lived." He
died at Amsterdam in 1654.
109 Van Oer, Theobald Dresden
Flight of Maria D'Este, Queen of James II.
of England from Whitehall
110 Neefs, Peter, the Elder Flemish school
Painting interiors of Gothic churches was the chosen
province of this painter. His style is similar to that of his
master, Steenwyck, whom he, however, excels in power and
warmth of tone. Neefs was born at Antwerp in 1570, and
died in 1651.
Old German School, Fifteenth Century
112 Leyden, Lucas Van Dutch school
Abraham Offering Isaac
Luc Jacobez, called Lucas van Leyden, may justly be
considered the Patriarch of the Dutch School. Born at
Leyden in 1494, "he followed that realistic tendency, in the
treatment of sacred subjects, which Huber van Eyck had
so grandly tracked, and lowered it greatly from its previous
elevation. His heads, for instance, are generally of a very
ugly character; at the same time, his form of art found
sympathy in the feeling of the period." He died in 1533.
113 Backhuysen, L. Dutch school
Ludolf Backhuysen, born at Embden in 1631, commenced
his art studies only in his eighteenth year, and devoted
himself with great ardor to marine painting, his representa-
tions of the "fearful element" speedily raising his reputation
SACRAMENTO, CALIF. 19
higher than even that of W. Van de Velde. Backhuysen
died at Amsterdam in 1709.
114 Litschaur, K. J.
Armorer and Raven
115 Zimmermann, Reinhard Sebastian
The Circulating Library Munich
116 Titian, Vecelli (after) (1477-1576)
117 Titian, Vecelli (after)
118 Van Der Meulen, Peter Flemish school
Landscape with Cattle
119 Metzu, Gabriel (after)
The Game Dealer
120 Breughel, Peter, the Younger Flemish school
Feasting and Dancing in Holland
121 Hemling, John (1440-1499) Flemish School
124 Seydel, Ed. Dresden
The Solider's Return
125 Baumgartner, P. Munich
Blacksmith Shop in the Bavarian Alps
20 CROCKER ART GALLERY
126 Luini, Bernardino (i48o-i53o) Milanese school
Madonna and Child
Bernardino Luini was born at Luino, on Lago Maggiore,
about the year 1480. He was a disciple of Leonardo da
Vinci, and the most celebrated imitator of that master's
style. Some uncertainty exists concerning the exact date
of his death, but it was subsequent to the year 1530. Pro-
fessor Ruskin said of Luini, in his Oxford Lecture on
Sculpture, that "he alone of mediaeval artists could combine
beauty and saintliness."
127 Siebold, C. (after)
Portrait of an Old Man
129 Siebold, C. (after)
Portrait of an Old Woman
130 Borgognissanti, Luigi Pisani Rome
131 Landseer (after)
Pride and Humility
132 Seydel, Ed. Dresden
133 Seydel, Ed. Dresden
Quieting the Baby
134 Lindenschmidt,*Wilhelm Munich
Andrea Proles Teaching Young Luther
135 Muller, Moritz Munich
Tyrolean Country House
SACRAMENTO, CALIF. 21
136 Pesne, Antoine (after)
Girl With Pigeons
137 Boccalino, Antonio Italian
Architectural Ruins in Rome
138 Boccalino, Antonio Italian
Architectural Ruins in Rome
139 Raphael, Sanzio (after)
Philip IV. of Spain, who had purchased the picture from
the Gallery of Charles I., is said to have exclaimed, on seeing
it: "This is my Pearl!" hence its name.
140 Munsch, J. Munich
Wedding Procession in Bavarian Tyrol
141 BUSh, N. San Francisco
Scene in Nicaragua
142 RoSa, SalvatOre (1615-1673) Neapolitan School
"B" Franck, Ambrose (1549) Flemish school
St. John Preaching in the Wilderness
144 Siebold, C.
22 CROCKER ART GALLERY
145 Amerighi, Michel Angelo (after)
The False Players
Michel Angelo Amerighi, surnamed Caravaggio, was
born at Milan in 1569, and died in 1609. He has made him-
self famous for the impressive truth of his productions, and
his pictures may to a certain extent, be regarded as typical
of his life, portraying, as they do, more especially the
passionate and gloomy emotions of the human heart.
146 Bramer, Leonard Dutch school
Crowning of Christ
"And they stripped Him, and put on Him a scarlet robe.
And when they had plaited a crown of thorns they put it
upon His head, and they bowed the knee before Him and
mocked Him, saying: 'Hail, King of the Jews!'" Matthew
XXVII, 28, 29. Bramer's style resembles that of Rembrandt.
He was born at Delft in 1596; the year of his death is
147 Vlgnali, JaCOpO Florentine School
Vignali was born at Florence in 1592. Although a disciple
of Matteo Rossetti, his style bears more resemblance to that
of Guercino. Among the many scholars who do honor to
the teaching of Jacopo Vignali, the name of Carlo Dolce
stands pre-eminent. He died in 1664.
148 Heimerdinger, Frederick Hamburg
The Hunter's Cabin
149 Eyerson, A. The Hague
View Taken in Utrecht