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fellow citizens ^^ .They will tell you, * A Roman Gener-
al.' Require of them, * What tyrants imposed the heavi-
estyoke^- — enforced the most rigorous exactions .'* — inflict-
ed the most savage punishment, and showed the greatest
gust for bl^od and torture £' They will exclaim to you,
The Roman people.'

4. Let us now consider the principal point, whether
the place where they encountered was most favorable to
Milo, or to Clodius. Were the affair to be presented
only by painting, instead of being expressed by words, it
would eveq then clearly appear which was the traitor,
and which was free from all mischievous designs. When



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Ex. 12.] EXERCISES ON INFLECTION. 191

the one was sitting in bis chariot muffled up in his cloak,
and his wife along with him ; which of these circum-
stances was not a very great incumhrance i the dress, the
chariot, or the companion i How could he be worse
equipped for an engagement, when he was wrapt up in a
cloak, embarrassed with a chariot, and almost fettered by
his wife I Observe the other now, in the first place, sal-
lying out on a sudden from his seat ; for what reason i
— in the Evening j what urged him i — l^te ; to what pur-
pose, especially at that season i — He calls at Pompey's
se^t ; with what view i To see Pompey ? He knew he
was at Alsium. — To see his house ? He had been in it
a thousand times. — What then could be the reason of this
loitering and shifting about ? He wanted to be upon the
spot when Milo came up.

S^ Wherefore cease we then i
Say they who counsel war, we are decreed,
Reserved, and destin'd to eternal woe ;
Whatever doing, what can we suffer more,

5 What can we suffer worse i Is this then worst.
Thus sitting, thus consulting, thus in ^rms ?
What ! when we fled amain, pursued and struck
With Heav'n's afflicting thunder, and besought
The deep to shelter us — this Hell then seem'd
10 A refuge from those wounds : or when we lay
Chain'd on the burning lake, — that sure was worse.
What, if the breath, that kindled those grim fires,
Awak'd, should blow them into sev'nfold rage.
And plunge us in the flames i or from above

15 Should intermitted vengeance arm against



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193 EURCISES ON INFLBCTION. [Ex. 12.

His red right-hand to plUgue us j what if all
Her stores were openM, and this firmament
Of Hell should spout her cataracts of fire,
Impendent horrors, threatening hideous fall

20 One day upon our hdads ! while we perhaps,
Designing or exhorting glorious war,
Caught in a fiery tempest, shall be hurPd,
Each on his rock transfix'd, the prey
Of wrecking whtrlwinds ; or forever sunk

35 Under yon boiling ocean, wrapt in chains ;
There to converse with everlasting groans,
Unrdspited, unpitied, unreprievM,
Ages of hopeless end ! This would be worse.

6. But, first, whom shall we send
In search of this new world i whom shall we find
Sufficient i who shall tempt with wand'ring feet
The dark unbottom'd infinite abyss,
5 And through the 'palpable obscure find out
His uncouth way, or spread his airy flight.
Upborne with indefatigable wings,
Oyer the vast abrupt, ere he arrive
The happy isle i what strength, what art, can then

15 Suffice, or what evasion bear him safe

Through the strict senteries and stations thick
Of ^Angels watching round i Here he bad need
All circumspection, and we now no less
Choice in our suffrage ; for on whom we send

20 The weight of 111, and our last hdpe, relies.



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Ex.13.] EXEBCISCS ON INFLECTION. 193

13.] Page 57. Language of authority and of iurprito
commonly requira the faUing inflection. Dent/iicia-
tion^ reprehennon fyc. tome under this head,

1 . Go to the aot, tbou sluggard ; consider her waysi
and be wise : — which having uo guide, overseer, or rul-
er, provideth her meat in the summer, and gathereth
her food in the harvest. How long wilt thou sleep, O
sluggard ? when wilt thou arise out of thy sleep ? —
Yet a little sleep, a little slumber, a little folding of the
hands to sleep : — So shall thy pSverty come as one that
travelleth, and thy want as an armed man.

2. And when the king came in to see the guests, he
saw there a man that had not on a wedding-garment : —
And he saith unto him, friend, bow camest thou in hither,
not having a wedding-garment : — ^And he was speechless.
— ^Then said the king to the servants, bind him, hand and
foot, and take him away, and cast him into outer dark-
ness : there shall be weeping and gnashing of teeth.

3. Then he which bad received the one talent came,
and said. Lord, I knew thee that thou art a hard man,
reaping where thou hast not sown, and gathering where
thou hast not strewed: — ^And I was afraid, and went
and hid thy talent in the earth : lo, there thou hast that is
thine. — His lord answered and said unto him, thou wick-
ed and slothful servant,-^thou knewest that I reap where
I sowed not,* and gather where I have not strewed : —
Thou oughtest therefore to have put my money to the

* This clause uttered with a high note and the falling slide, ex-
presses censure better with the common punctuation , than if it were
marked with the interrogation.
17



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104 EXERCISES ON INFLECTION. [Ex. 13.

exchaDgers, and then at my comiog I should have re-
ceived mine own with usury. — Take therefore the talent
from him, and give it unto 'him which hath ten talents. —
And cast ye the unprofitable servant into outer darkness :
there shall be weeping and gnashing of teeth.

4. Then began he to upbraid the cities wherein most
of his mighty works were done, because they repented
not. — Wd unto thee, Chorazin ! w5 unto thee, Beth-
saida ! for if the mighty works which were done in you
had been done in Tyre and Sidon,* they would have re-
pented long ago in sackcloth and ashes. — ^But I say unto
you, It shall be more tdlerable for Tyre and Sidon at the
day of judgment than for you.— And thou, Capernaum,
which art exalted unto heaven, shalt be brought down to
hell ; for if the mighty works which have been done in
thee, had been done in Sodom, it would have remained
until this day. — But I say unto you. That it shall be more
tdlerable for the land of Sodom, in the day of judgment,
than for thee.

5. Such, Sir, was once the disposition of a people,
who now surround your throne with reproaches and com-
plaints. Do justice to yourself. Banish from your mind
those unworthy opinions, with which some interested per-
sons have labored to possess you. Distrust the men
who tell you that the English are naturally light and in-
cSnstarit ; that they complain without a ca^se. With-
draw your confidence equally from all parties ; from min-
isters, favorites, and relations ; and let there be one mo-
ment in your life, in which you have consulted your own
understanding.

* Even in Tyre and Sidon, it the paraphrase of the erapbaaii.



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Ex.13.] EXERCISES ON INFLECTION. 195

6. You have done that, you should be sony for.
There is no terror, Cassius, in your threats,

For I am arm'd so strong in honesty.

That they pass by me, as the idle wind,
6 Which [ respect not. I did send to you

For certain sums of gold, which you denied me ;— *

For I can raise no money by vile means;

— I had rather coin my heart.

And drop my blodd for drachmas, than to wring
10 From the hard hands of peasants their vile trash,

By any indirection. I did send

To you for gold to pay my legions.

Which you denied me : Was that done like Cassius?

Should / have answer'd Caius Cassius s6 ?
15 When Marcus Brutus grows so covetous.

To lock such rascal counters from his friends,

Be ready, gods, with all your thunderbolts,

Dish him to pieces !

7. The war, that for a space did fail.
Now trebly thundering swelPd the gale.

And — Stilnley ! was the cry : —
A light on Marmion's visage spread,

And fired his glazing eye :
With dying hand, above his head,
He shook the fragment of his blade.

And shouted " Victory !
ChUrge, Chester, chiirge ! on, Stanley, dn !"
Were the last words of Marmion !

8. So judge thou still, presumptuous, till the wrath.



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196 EXERCISES ON HfFLSOTION. [Ex. 13.

■ ■ ■ ■ » — —

Wbtcfa tbou incurr'st by flying, meet thy flight,
Sevenfold, and scourge that wisdom back to Hdll,
Which taught thee yet no better, that no pain
5 Can equal anger infinite provok'd.
But wherefore thou aldne ? wherefore with thee
Came not all H^U broke loose ? is pain to them
Less pain, less to be fl^d ? or thou than they
Less hardy to endure ? Courageous Chief !

10 The first in flight from pain ! — hadst thou aUig*d
To thy deserted host this cause of flight.
Thou surely hadst not come sole fugitive.

9. To whom the warrior angel soon reply'd.
To say, and straight unsay, pretending first
Wise to fly pain, professing next the spy.
Argues no leader, but a liar trac'd,
5 S^tan ! — and couldst thou fi&ithful add ? O name,
O sacred name of faithfulness profan'd !
Faithful to whdm ? to thy rebellious crew ?
Army of Fiends ! — ^fit body to fit head !
Was this your disci|dine and faith engag'd,

10 Your military obedience, to dissolve

Allegiance to th' acknowledg'd PowV supiPeme i
And thou, sly hypocrite, who now wouldst seem
Patron of liberty, who more than thou
Once f^wn'd, and cring'd, and servilely ador'd

1 5 Heav'n's awful Mdnarch ? wherefore, but in hope
To dispossess him, and thyself to reign ;
But mark what I areed thee now ; — Avaunt :
Fly thither whence thou fldd'st : if from this hour,
Within these hallowM limits thou appear,

20 Back to th' infernal pit I dr&g thee chiin'd,



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Ex. 13.] EXERCISES ON INFLECTION. 197

And seal thee so, as heacefortb not to scorii

The facile gates of Hell too slightly barr'd.

Apostrophe and exclamttion, ti well ai the imperttWe mode,
when accompanied by emphasis, incline the voice to the &lUng in-
flection.

10. Oh ! deep-enchanting prelude to repose,
The dawn of bliss, the twilight of our w6es !
Yet halfl hear the panting spirit sigh,
It is a dread and awful thing to die !
5 Mysterious worlds ! untravell'd by the sun,
Where Time's far wandering tide has never run,
From your unfathom'd shades, and viewless spheres,
A warning comes, unheard by other ears —
'Tis heaven's commanding trumpet, -long and loud,

10 Like Sinai's thunder, pealing from the cloud!
Daughter of Faith, aw^ke ! arise ! illume
The dread unknown, the chaos of the tomb !
Melt, and dispel, ye spectre doubts, that roll
Cimmerian darkness on the parting soul !

15 Fly, like the moon-eyed herald of dismay.
Chased on. his night-steed, by the star of day !
The strife is o'er ! — the pangs of nature close,
And life's last rapture triumphs o'er her woes !
Htirk ! as the spirit eyes, with eagle gaze,

20 The noon of heaven, undazzled by the blaze,
On heavenly winds that waft her to the sky.
Float the sweet tones of star-born mfelody ;
Wild as the hallow'd anthem sent to hail
Bethlehem's shepherds in the lonely vale,

26 When Jordan hush'd his waves, and midnight still
Watch'd on the holy towers of Zion hill !
- 17*



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19B EXERCISES ON INrJLECTION. [Ex. 13.

1 1 Piety has found

Friends, in the friends of science, and true prayer
Has flow'd from lips wet with Castalian dews.
Such was thy wisdom, JViwton^ child-like sage !
5 Sagacious reader of the Works of God,
And in his fVord sagacious. Such too thine,
Milton^ whose genius had angelic wings.
And fed on manna. And such thine in whom
Our British Themis gloried with just cause,
10 Immortal Hctle ! for deep discernment prais'd,
And sound integrity, not more, than fam'd
For sanctity of manners undefil'd.

12. These are thy glorious works, Parent of good,
Almighty, thine this universal frame.
Thus wondrous fair ; thyself how wondrous then !
Unspeakable, who sitt'st above these heav'ns

6 To us invisible, or dimly seen

In these thy lowest works ; yet these declare
Thy goodness beyond thought, and pow'r divine.
Spfcak, ye who best can tell, ye sons of light.
Angels ; for ye behold him, and with songs

10 And choral symphonies, day without night,
Circle his throne rejoicing ; ye in Heaven,
On earth, join all ye creatures to extol
Him first, him last, him midst, and without end.
Fairest of stUrs, last in the train of night,

15 If better thou belong not to the dawn,

Sure pledge of day, that crown'st the smiling morn
With thy bright circlet, praise him in thy sphere.
While day arises, that sweet hour of prime.



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Ex.14.] EXERCISES ON INFLECTI01<9. 199

Thou Sun, of this great world both eye and soul,
30 Acknowledge him thy greater, sound his praise
In thy eternal course, both when thou climb'st.
And when high noon hast gain'd, and when thou fall'st.
Mdon, that now meet'st the orient Sun, now fly'st,
With the fix'd stars, fix'd in their orb that j9ies,
26 And ye five dlher wand'ring Fires, that move
In mystic dance, not without song, resound
His praise, who out of darkness call'd up light.
Air, and ye ^Elements, the eldest birth
Of nature's womb, that in quaternion run

30 Perpetual circle, multiform ; and mix.

And nourish all things, let your ceaseless change
Vary to our great Maker still new praise.
His praise, ye Winds, that from four quarters blow,
Breathe soft or loud ; and wave your tops, ye Pines,

35 With every plant, in sigd of worship, wave.
Foiintains, and ye that warble as ye flow.
Melodious murmurs, warbling, tune his praise.
Join voices all, ye living Souls : ye Birds,
That singing up to Heav'n gate ascend,

40 Bear on your wings, and in your notes his praise.

14.] Page 60. Emphatic succession of particulars re-
quires the falling slide.

Note 3, page 61, should be examined before reading this class of
Exercises.

1. He answered and said unto them. He that soweth
the good seed is the Son of miln ; — the field is the wdrld ;
the good seed are the children of the kingdom ; but the
tares are the children of the wicked one ; the enemy



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200 EXERCISES ON INFLECTION. [Ex. 14.

that sowed them is the devil ; the harvest is the end of
the world ; aind the reapers are the angels.

2. For to one is given by the Spirit the word of wis-
dom ; to another, the word of knowledge, by the same
Spirit ; — ^to another, faith by the same Spirit ; to anoth-
er, the gifts of healing, by the same Spirit; — ^to another,
the working of miracles ; to another, prdphecy ; to an-
other, discerning of spirits; to another, diverse kinds of
tongues ; to another, the interpretsltion of tongues.

Rejoice evermdre, pray without ceasing : — in eve-
ry thing give thanks ; for this is the will of Grod in Christ
Jesus concerning you. Quench not the Spirit : — ^Despise
not prdphesyings. — Prove all things; bold fast that which
is good.

4. As virtue is the most reasonable and genuine
source of h6nor, we generally find in titles, an imitation
of some particular merit, that should recommend men
to the high stations which they possess. Holiness is as-
cribed to the Pdpe ; majesty, to kings ; serenity, or mild-
ness of temper, to princes ; excellence, or perfection, to
ambassadors ; grace, to archbishops ; honor, to pders ;
worship, or venerable behavior, to msigistrates ; and
reverence, which is of the same import as the former, to
the inferior clergy.

5. It pleases me to think that I, who know so small a
portion of the works of the Creator, and with stow and
painful steps, creep up and down on the surface of this
gl6be, shall, ere long, shoot away with the swiftness of
imagination ; trace out the hidden springs of nature's op-
erations ; be able to keep pace with the heavenly bodies
in the rapidity of their career ; be a spectator of the long



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Ex. 14.] EXERCISES ON INFLECTION. 201

chain of events in the natural and mdral worlds ; visit the
several apartments of creation ; know how they are fur-
nished and how inhtlbited ; comprehend the order and
measure, the magnitude and distances of those orbs,
which, to us, seem disposed without any regular design,
and set all in the same circle ; observe the dependence
of the parts of each system ; and (if our minds are big
enough) grasp the theory of the several systems upon
one another, from whence results the harmony of the
universe.

6. He who cannot persuade himself to withdraw from
society, must be content to pay a tribute of his time to a
mukitude of tyrants ; to the loiterer, who makes appoint-
ments he never k^eps — ^to the consulter, who asks advice
he never tikes — to the blaster, who blusters only to be
prlised — to the complainer, who whines only to be pitied
— ^to the projector, whose happiness is only to entertain
his friends with expectations, which all but himself know
to be vain — to the economist, who tells of bargains and
settlements — ^to the polidcian, who predicts the fate of
battles and breach of alliances — ^to the insurer, who com-
pares the different funds — and to the tilker, who talks
only because he loves talking.

7. That a man, to whom he was, in great measure,
beholden for his crown, and even for his life ; a man to
whom, by every honor and favor, he had endeavor-
ed to express his gratitude ; whose brother the earl of
Derby, was his own faiher-in-law ; to whom he had even
committed the trust of his person, by creating him lord
chamberlain ; that a man enjoying his full confidence
and affection ; not actuated by any motive of discontent



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202 BXERCISES ON INFLECTION. [Elx. 14.

or apprehension ; that this man should engage in a con-
spiracy against hira, be deemed absolutely false and in-
credible.

8. I would fain ask one of those bigoted in6dels, sup-
posing all the great points of atheism, as the casual or eter-
nal formation of the world, the materiality of a thinking
substance, the mortality of the soul, the fortuitous organi-
zation of the body, the motion and gravitation of matter,
with the like particulars, were laid together, and formed
into a kind of creed, according to the opinions of the most
calebrated itheists ; I say, supposing such a creed as this
were formed, and imposed upon any one people in the
world, whether it would not require an infinitely greater
measure of faith, than any set of articles which they so
violently oppose.

9. I conjure you by that which you profess
(Howe'er you come to know it,) answer me ;
Though you untie the winds, and let them fight
. Against the churches ; though the yesty waves
Confound and swallow navigation up ;
Though bladed corn be lodg'd, and trees blown ddwii ;
Though castles topple on their warders' h^ads ;
Though palaces and pyramids do slope
Their heads to their foundations \ though the treasure
Of nature's germins tumble altogether,
Ev'n till destruction sicken, answer me
To what I ask you.

This last example is the one which was promised at pa^e 40, of
the Analysis, to be inserted in the Exercises, as exhihitinff by the
notation something of 6arrick*8 manner in pronouncing the pas-
sage. To make this more intelligible, I add here V^alker^ remarks
accompanying this example, which were alluded to at page 40.



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Ex. 15.] EXERCISES ON INFLECTION. 203

** Bt placing the falling inflection, without dropping the Toiee
on each particular, and giving this inflection a degree of emphasis,
increasing from the first member to the sixth, we shall find the
whole climax wonderfully enforced and diversified : this was the
method approved and practised by the inimitable Mr. Garrick ; and
though it is possible that a very good actor may vary in some par-
ticulars from the rule, and yet pronounce the whole agreeably, it
may with confidence be asserted that no actor can pronounce this

Sassai^e to so much advantage as by adopting the inflections laid
own in this rule/*

15.] Page 62. Emphatic repetition requires the falling
inflection; thovgh the principle of the suspending
slide, or of the interrogative, may form an exception.

1. And Abraham stretched forth his hand, and took
the knife to slay his son. — And the angel of the Lord
called unto him out of heaven, and said, 'Abraham,
^Abraham. And he said, Here am I.

2. >And the king was much moved, and went up to
the chamber, over the gate, and wept : and as he went,
thus he said, O my son ^Absalom, my son, my son Ab-
salom ! would God I had died for thee, O Absalom, my
SOD, my son !

3. O Jerusalem, Jerilisalem, thou that killestthe proph-
ets, and stonest them which are sent unto thee, how of-
ten would I have gathered thy children together, even as
a hen gathereth her chickens under her wings, and ye
would not!

4. But the subject is too awful for irony. I wiU
speak plainly and directly. JSTewton was a Christian I
JViwton, whose mind burst forth from the fetters cast by
nature upon our finite conceptions — JSTiwton, whose sci-
ence was truth, and the foundation of whose knowledge
of it was philosophy : not those visionary and arrogant



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204 EXERCISES ON INFLECTION. [Ex. 15.

presumptioDs, whicb too often usurp its name} but philos-
ophy resting upon the basis of raatbematics, which }ike
figures, cannot lie — NiwioUy who carried the line and
rule to the utmost barriers of creation, and explored the
principles by which, no doubt, all created matter is held
together and exists.

5. To die, they say, is noble — as a soldier —
But with such guides to point th' unerring road,
Such able guides, such arms and discipline
As I have had, my soul would sorely feel
5 The dreadful pang which keen reflections give,
Should she in death's dark porch, while life was ebbing,
Receive the judgment, and the vile reproach : —
"Long hast thou wander'd in a stranger's land,
A stranger to thyself and to thy God ;

10 The heavenly hills were oft within thy view.
And oft the shepherd call'd thee to his flock.
And call'd in v^in. — A thousand monitors
Bade thee return, and walk in wisdom's ways.
The seasons, as they roll'd, bade thee return ;

15 The glorious sun, in his diurnal round.

Beheld thy wandering, and bade thee return ;
The night, an emblem of the night of death.
Bade thee return ; the rising mounds,
• Which told the traveller where the dead repose

20 In tenements of clay, bade thee return ;
And at thy father's grave, the filial tear.
Which dear remembrance gave, bade thee return,
And dwell in Virtue's tents, on Zion's hill !
Here thy career be stay'd, rebellious man !



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Ex. 19-22.] EXERCISES ON EMPHASIS. 309

25 LoDg hast thou liv'd a cumberer of the ground.
Millions are sbipwreck'd on life's stormy coast,
With all their charts on hoard, and powerful aid,
Because their lofty pride disdain'd to learn
Th' instructions of a pilot, and a God."

16, 17, IS.] Page 63 to 66. On Cadence, CI rcuni flex ^
and Accent, no additional illustrations seem to be re-
quired in the Exercise*

19, 20, 21, 22.] Page 71 to 80. It was necessary in the
Analysis to examine and exemplify at some length, the
difference between emphatic stress, and emphatic inflec-
tion, and also between absolute and relative stress.
The examples, however, illustrating these distinctions,
must generally be taken from single sentences and
clauses. But as 1 wish here to introduce such passa-
ges as have considerable length, 1 have concluded to
arrange them aU under the general head of Empha-
sis, leaving the reader to class particular instances
of stress, and inflection, according to the principles
laid down in the Analysis.

1. He that planted the ear, shall he not hear? he
that formed the eye, shall he not see ? — ^he that chastis-
eth the heathen, shall not he correct ? he that teacheth
tmn knowledge, shall he not know ?

2. The queen of the south shaU rise up in the judg-
ment with the men of this generation, and condemn them :
for she came from the utmost parts of the earth, to hear
the wisdom of Sdlomon : and behold, a greater than Sol-
omon is here. — ^The men of Nineveh shall rise up m the

18



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206 EXEBCISESON EMPHASIS. [Ex. 19-22.

judgment with this generation, and shall condemn it : for
they repented at the preaching of JSwcr^ ; and behold, a
grehter than Jonas is here.

3. But when the Pharisees heard it, they said, This
fellow doth not cast out devils, but by Beilzebub the prince
of the devils. 2 And Jesus knew their thoughts, and said
unto them. Every kingdom divided against itsilff is brought
to desolation : and every city or house divided against it-



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