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Tract, and Missionary So^^Uties ; and send the nations
for knowledge, parchm'^r! 'he slow and limited pro-

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Ex. 96.] 8ACR1SD BI*OQUBN0G. 367

diietions of the peo. Let all the improvements in civil

60 government be obliterated, and the world be driven from
the happy arts of self^vernment to the guardianship of
«kingeons and chains. Let liberty of conscience ex*
pire, and the charch now emancipated, and walking
forth in her unsnHied loveliness, return to the guidance

65 of secular policy, and the perversions and corruptions
of an unholy priesthood. And now r^uce the SWO,
000,000 of nominal, and the 10,000,000 of real Chris-
tians, spread over the earth, to 500 disciples, and to
twelve apostles, assembled, for fear of the Jews, in an

70 upper chamber to enjoy the blessing of a secret prayer-
meeting. And give them the power of miracles, and
the gift of tongues, and send them out into all the earth,
to preach the gospel to every creature.
Is this the apostolic advantage ibr propagating Chris-

75 tiaaity, which throws into discouragement and hopeless
imbecility all our present means of enlightening and
tUsenthraliing the world? They, comparatively, had
nothing to t^gin with, and every thing to oppose them ,*
and yet in three hundred years, the whole civilized, and

80 much of the barbarous world, was brought under the
dominion of Christianity. And shall we with the ad*
vantage of all their labors, and of our numbers, and a
thousand fold increase of opportunity, and moral power,
stand halting in unbelief, while the Lord Jesus is still

85 repeating the injunction, Qo ye out into all the world,
and preach the Qospel to every creature : and repeating
the assurance, Lo I am with you alway, even to the
end of the world ? Shame on our sloth ! Shame upon
our unbelief! Beecher,

96. Civilization merely, ineffectual to convert the world.

Suppose that, out of compliment to the mockers of
Missionary zeal, we relinquished its highest, and indeed
its identifying object : suppose we confined oor efforts
exclusively to civilization, and consented to send the
5 plough and the loom instead of the cross * and admitting
that upon this reduced scale of operation, we were as
successful as could be desired, till we had even raised

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366 BXEBG1«M. [Ex.96.

tbe mao of the woods into the onui of the city, and ele-
vated the saf age into the sage, what, I ask, have we ef-

10 fected, viewing man, as we, with the New Testament in
our hands nuist view him, in the vi^hole range of his ex-
istence! We have poured the light of science on his
path, and strewed it with the flowers of literature, but if
we leave him to the dominion of his vices, it is still tbe

15 path to perdition. We have taught him to fare sumptu-
ously every day ; but alas ! this, in his case, is only like
offering viands to the wretch who is on his way to the
place of execution. We have strijqped off his sheep-skin
kaross, and cbthed him «with purple and fine linen, but

20 it is only to aid him, like Dives, to move in state to the
torments of the dami^ed. We may raise the sculptured
monument upon his bones, in place of the earthly hil-
lock in the wilderness; but while his ashes repc^ in
grandeur, the worm that never dies devours his soul, and

25 the flame that can never be extinguished consumes his
peace. We confer a boon, which is valuable, it is true,
while it lasts, but it is a boon which the soul drops as
she steps across thie confines of the unseen world, and
then passes on to wander through eternity, '* wretched,

30 and miserable, and poor, and blind, and naked.^' But
let us aim first to save the soul, by bringing it under the
influence of Christianity, and then as we i^vance to the
ultimate end of our exertions, we shall not fail to scatter
along the path of our benevolence all the seeds of civilt-

35 zation and social order.

What is it which, at this moment, is kindling the in-
tellect, softening the manners, sanctifying the hearts, and
purifying the lives of the numerous tribes of the degrad-
ed sons of Ham ? It is the faithful saying, that " Christ

40 Jesus came into the world to save sinners." It is this,
poured in artless strains from the lips of our Missiona-
ries, and set home upon the soul, by the power of the
Holy Ghost, which is more than realizing the fable of
Amphion's lyre, and raising up the stones of African

45 deserts, into the walls of the Church of Qod.

O, had the cannibal inhabitants of Taheite been per-
suaded to renounce their wretched superstition and cru-

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&. 97.] SECULAR ELOaCSNCE. 869

el customs, by any efibrts of a purely rational nature ;

50 had the apostles of philosophy been the instruments of
their conversion, and had the gods of Pomare been sent
home by them, lo be deposited in the .Museum, instead
of the Missionary Rooms, how would the world have
rung with the praises of all-sufficient Reason. New

55 temples would have been raised to this Modern Mi-
nenra, while all the tribes of the Uluniinati would have
been seen moving in triumphal procession to her shrine,
chanting as they went the honours of their illustrious
goddess. But thine, thou crucified Redeemer ; thine

60 is the power, and thine shall be the glory of this con-
quest. Those isles of the Southern l^a shall be laid at
thy feet, as the trophies of thy cross, and shall be added
as fresh jewels to thy mediatorial crown.

And, indeed, not to quit our own age, or our own

65 land, do we not see all around us the attractions of the
cross ? What b it that guides and governs the tide of
religious popularity, whether it rolls in the channels of
the Establishment, or those of Dissent? Is it not this,
which causes the mighty influx of the spring tide in one

70 place ; and is it not the absence of it, which occasions
the dull retiring ebb in another? Yes! and raise me
but a barn, in the very shadow of St. Paul's Cathedral,
and give me a man who shall preach Christ crucified,
with something of the energy which the all-inspiring

75 theme is calculated to awaken ; and in spite of the
meanness of the one, and the magnificence of the other,
you shall see the former crowded with warm hearts,
while the matins and vespers of the latter, if the Gospel
be not preached there, shall be chanted to the statues

80 of the mighty dead. James.

97. The forebodings of a heathen approaching death.

With what feelings must an intelligent heathen ap-
proach his fiqal catastrophe ! He has seen his ancestors
go (k>wn to the dust, and often when standing upon
their graves, has felt a distressing solicitude, which
5 nothing could relieve, to know something of that state

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370 BXBECI8E8. [Ex. 98.

of being into which they had passed when they vanish-
ed from the earth. At length his own tarn is arrived,
and he too must die. Whither is he going ? What is
to become of himT If there be a G^, how shall he

10 meet him ? If there be a future state, how and where
is he to spend it ? Not a whisper of consolation is
heard from the tomb, nor a ray of satisfactory light is
thrown upon its darkness by the instructions of the liv*
ing. Oh ! with what horror does he turn his half avert-

15 ed eye upon that sepulchre, in which he must shortly
be interred ; and with what dreadful efforts does he en-
deavor to force his reluctant spirit upon her destiny,
starting every moment at the spectres which rise in her
own perturbed imagination. Oh t how much would he

20 give for some one to tell him what there is beyond the
grave, and what he must do to get rid of his guilt, so as
to be admitted to the world of the blessed.. Just at this
time one of our Missionaries reaches his abode, and
declares to him that Christ, by his death, has brought

25 life and immortality to light. This is music indeed ;
he never heard such news before. The Spirit of God
gives effect to the word. He is drawn to Jesus, clasp
ing to his bosom that doctrine, which gives him life m
death, and hope in despair. And he who but a few

30 weeks before was stumbling upon the dark mountains
of idolatry, just ready to be precipitated into eternal
night, quits the scence of his earthly existence with the
language of Simeon upon his lips, " Lord, now lettest
thou thy servant depart in peace, for mine eyes have

35 seen thy salvation, which thou hast prepared before the
face of all people, a light to enlighten the Gentiles."


98. The Efficacy of the Cross.

Wherever the Apostles went, the doctrine of the cross
was the theme of their public discourses, and the topic
of their more private instruction. Whether standing
amidst the elegances of Corinth, the classic beauties of
5 Athens, the overwhelming grandeur of Rome, or the
hallowed scenes of Jerusalem, they presented this to all
men alike. They did not conceal the ignominy of the

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Ex. 98*] SACRBP ELOaUENCB. 371

accursed tree behind the sublime morality of the Gos-
pel, and permit the unsightly object to steal out only in-

10 sidiously and by degrees; but exhibited it naked, and
at once, as the very foundation of that religion which
they were commissioned and inspired to promulgate.
When the Jew on one hand was demanding a sign, and
the Greek on the other was asking for wisdom, they re-

15 plied to both, "we preach Christ crucified." They
never courted the philosopher by a parade of science,
the orator by a blaze of eloquence, or the curious by the
aid of novelty. They tried no experiments, made no
digressions. Feeling the power of this sublime truth in

20 their own souls : enamored by the thousand thousand
charms with which they saw it attended ,- emboldened
by the victories which followed its career ; and acting
in obedience to that divine authority, which regulated
all their conduct, they kindled into raptures am^st the

25 scorn and rage of an ungodly world, and in the fervor
of their zeal, threw off an impassioned sentiment, which
has been returned in distinct echo from every Christian
land, and been adopted as the watch-word of an evan-
gelical ministry, ** God forbid that I should glory, save

30 in the cross of our Lord Jesus Christ."

Wonderful was the eflfect of their labor. A revolu-
tion more extraordinary than history records, or imagin-
ation could have conceived, was every where effected,
and this by what was derided by the men who gave

35 laws to the opinions of the world, as '* the foolishness of
preaching." The powers of Paganism beheld the wor-
shippers of the gods drawn away from their shrines, by
an influence which they could neither understand nor
resist. Not the authority of the Olympian Jove, nor the

40 seductive rites of the Paphian Goddess; could any longer
retain the homage of their former votaries. The
exquisite beauty of their temples and their statues, with
all those fascinations which their mythology was calcu-
lated to exert upon a people of refined taste and vicious

45 habits, became the objects not only of indifference, but
abhorrence ; and millions by whom the cross must have
been contemplated with mental revulsion as a matter of

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S73 BXERcisBs. [Ex. d8.

taste, embraced it with ecstasy as the means of salva-
tion. The idolatrous rites were deserted, the alurs

50 overturned, the deities left to themselves to sympathise
with each other in dumb consternation ; the lying voice
of the oracles was hushed, the deceptive light of philos-
ophy was extinguished, Satan fell like lightning from
heaven, while the ministers of light rose with the num-

55 her, the order, and the brilliancy of the stars. Resist-
ance only promoted the cause it tended to oppose,
and persecution, like the wind of heaven blowing upon
a conflagration, served only to spread the flame. In
vain '* did the kings of the earth set themselves, and

60 the rulers take counsel together against the Lord."
. The Imperial eagle collecting all her strength, and rous-
ing all her fury, attacked the Lamb of God, tiH she too,
subdued and captivated by the cross, cowered beneath
its emblem, as it floated from the towers of the capitol,

65 and Christianity with the purple waving from her shoul-
ders, and the diadem sparkling upon her brows, was
proclaimed to be the Truth of God, and the Empress of
the world on that very throne of the Cssars where she
had been so often arraigned as a criminal, and condemn-

70 ed as an impostor.

What was it, I ask, which by the instrumentality of
Luther, and Melancthon, and Calvin, and Zuingle, dis-
solved the power of the Beast on the continent of Eu-
rope, and drew away a third part of his worshippers,

75 within the pale of a more scriptural communion ? It
was the doctrine of justification by faith in the blood of

David Braraerd, the apostle of the American Indians,
has left upon record an essay to inform the world, that

80 it was by preaching Christ crucified, he was enabled to
raise a Christian church, in those desolate wilds where
he labored, and among a barbarous people devoted to
witchcraft, drunkenness, and idolatry.

The Moravian Missionaries, those holy, patient, unos-

85 tentatious servants of our Lord, have employed with pe-
culiar effect these heaven-appointed means, in convert-
ing and civilizing the once pilfering and murderous Es-
quimaux. With these, have they also '' dared the ter-

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Ex. 99, 100.] SACRBD ELOQUENCE. 373

rors of an Arctic sky, and directing their adventurous
90 course through the floating fields and forest-reared pre-
cipices that guard the secrets of the Pole/' have caused
the banner of the cross to wave over the throne of ever-
lasting winter, and warmed the cold bosom of the shiv-
ering Greenlander with the love of Christ. James.

99. The Fail of Niagara,

The thoughts are strange that crowd into my brain,
While I look upward to thee. • It would seem
As if God pour'd thee from his * hollow hand,'
And hung his bow upon thy awful front ;

5 And spoke in that loud voice, which seemed to him
Who dwelt in Patmos for his Savior's sake,
' Sound of many waters ;' and had bade
Thy flood to chronicle the ages back.
And notch His cent'ries in the eternal rocks.

10 Deep calleth unto deep. And what are we.
That hear the question of that voice sublime ?
Oh ! what are all the notes that ever rung
From war's vain trumpet, by thy thundering side !
Yea what is all the riot man can make

15 In his short life, to thy unceasing roar !
And yet, bold babbler, what art thou to Him,
Who drown'd a world, and heaped the waters far
Above its loftiest mountains ?-~a light wave.
That breaks and whispers of its Maker's might.


100. Reform in Morals,

The crisis has come. By the people of this genera-
tion, by ourselves probably, the amazing question is to
be decided, whether the inheritance of our Others shall
be preserved or thrown away ; whether our Sabbaths
5 shall be a delight or a loathing ; whether the taverns,
on that holy day, shall be crowded with drunkards,
or the sanctuary of God, with humble worshippers,*
whether riot and profaneness shall All our streets, and
poverty our dwellings, and coiivicts our jails, and rio-

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S74 RXBROISBS. [Ex. 100.

10 lence our land, or whether industry and temperance,
and righteousness, shall be the stability of our times ;
whether mild laws shall receive the cheerful sub-
mission of freemen, or the iron rod of a tyrant com-
pel the trembling homage of slaves, fie not deceiv-

15 ed. Human nature in this state is like human nature
everywhere. All actual difference in our favor is ad-
ventitious, and the result of our laws, institutions and
habits. It is a moral influence, which with the bless-
ing of God has formed a state of society so eminently

20 desirable. The same influence, which has formed it, is
indispensable to its preservation. The rocks and hills
of New England will remain until the last conflagration.
But let the Sabbath be profaned with impunity, the
worship of God be abandoned, the government and re-

25 ligious instruction of children neglected, and the streams
of intemperance be permitted to flow, and her glory
will depart. The wall of fire will no more surround
her, and the munition of rocks will no longer be her

30 If we neglect our duty, and sufler our laws and insti-
tutions to go down, we give them up forever. It is easy
to relax, easy to retreat, but impossible, when the abom-
ination of desolation has once passed over New-Eng-
land to rear again the throwti d6wn altars, and gather

35 again the fragments, and build up the ruins of demol-
ished institutions. Another New-England, nor we, nor
our children shall ever see, if this be destroyed. All is
lost irretrievably, when the land marks are once remo-
ved, and the bands which now hold us are once broken.

40 Such institutions, and such a state of society, can be es-
tablished only by such men as our fathers were, and in
such circumstances as they were in. They could not
have made a New-England in Holland. They made the
attempt but failed.

45 The hand that overturns our laws and altars, is the
hand of death unbarring the ffate of Pandemonium, and
letting loose upon our land the crimes and the miseries
of hell. If the Most High should stand aloof, and cast
not a single ingredient into our cup of trembling, it
50 would seem to be full of superlative woe. But he will

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Ek. 101.] SACRBD EliOaUBNCE. 375

not stand aloof. As we shall ha? e began an open con-
troversy with him, he will contend openly with us. And
never, since the earth stood, has it been so fearful a
thing for nations to fall into the hands of the living God.

55 The day of vengeance is in his heart, the day of judgment
has come ; the great earthquake which sinks Babylon
is shaking the nations, and the waves of the mighty com-
motion are dashing upon every shore. Is this then a
time to remove foundations, when the earth itself is

60 shaken I Is this a time to forfeit the protection of God,
when the hearts of men are failing them for fear, and
for looking after those things which are coming on the
earth ? Is this a time to run upon his neck and the
thick bosses of his buckler, when the nations are drink-

65 ing blood, and fainting, and passing away in his wrath f
Is this a time to throw away the shield of faith, when
his arrows are drunk with the blood of the slain ? To cut
from the anchor of hope, when the clouds are collecting
and the sea and the waves are roaring, and thunders

70 are uttering their voices, and lightnings blazing in the
heavens, and the great hail is felling from heaven upon
men, and every mountain, sea and island is fleeing in
dismay from the face of an incensed God ? Beeeker.

101. Universal spread of the Bible.

It has been well said by a great politician of another
country, by Edmund Burke, Uiat " religion is the basis
of civil society" — and especially he might have added,
of a free state. And it has been said by a greater than
5 he, by our own Washington, that '* of all the dispositions
and habits which lead to political prosperity, Religion
and Morality are indispensable supports." And with-
out pursuing the idea through all its illustrations, (for
which I have not time) what, I would ask, without thehr

10 genial influences, what is to moderate and chastei^that
pride of self-government, that lust of power, which is
generated and inflamed by all our institutions ? What
is to prevent our liberty, great as it is, from lapsing into
licentiousness ? we hold, you know, (and rightly too,)

15 th^t all government is or ought to be, made and manag-

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376 exBRCisEs. [Ex. 101.

ed for the benefit of the people. And we say that " we
the people" are the sovereigns of the country, the foun-
tain of law and honor } and we appoint oot rulers for
serranto, to folfow our instmctions, and obey our wilf in

20' all things. And we maintain, (or many do) that we the
people can do no wrong, and that our voice is the voice
of God. Here, you see is absolute power, and it is
the nature of absolute power, we know, to corrupt and
inflate its holders, and that whether they be many or

35 fow. And what now, I ask you, is to save us from
the abuse of all this power T What is to prevent our
free democracy — especially when our country becomes
crowded with people, as it will be by and by, even
through the woods and prah-ies, and our cities are chok-

90 ed with men, almost sliding each other with their hot
breath — what is to prevent our free democracy from fol-
lowing its natural bent, and launching us all, or those
who come after us, into a wild and lawless anarchy ? I
know, that we plume ourselves, and with some rea-

85 son too, upon that principle of our government, almost
unknown to the ancients, which we are pleased to call
our invention, or discovery, though we might more tru*
ly and modestly term it our felicity, growing out of our
ntuation and circumstances, by the good {Mrovkfence of

40 God, our elective franchise ; and this, we think, is to
save us from their &tes. But what, I would ask our
pditicians, is to save our elective franchise itself?
What is to make it worth having ? What is to make us
choose wise and honest men to make our laws ? What

45 is to execute them after they are made ? What is to
save us the people from the ambition and treachery of
our own elected servants ? What is to keep our ser-
vants from becoming our masters? And what is to
save us from ourselves — from our own passions and vices,

50 the only formidable enemies of republics ; the only
ones at least that we can or ought to dread ? Our
general intelligence and virtue — the general intelligence
and virtue of all classes of our people — with the blessing
of God Almighty upon us — and nothing else. But this

55 intelligence and virtue are to be shed abroad, in a great
measure, by the Bible, and the Bible alone. It is quite

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clear at least, I think, that they can nerer be diflfused
to aoy preper or sufficient extent through the mass of
the people, without a free and generous circulation of

60 this book. And all experience, I thinli, ancient and
OKNlem, confirms my sentiment. You remember Ath-
ens— *sbe was the eye of Greece-— the eye of all the earth
— and yon remember how she rose^ and flourished in
arts and arms, and diffused herself abroad, till she be-

65 came the light and beauty of the world. But now, alas !
how changed ! — she sits among her fallen columns, and
her broken shrines — accusing fate. And why f Her
oracle is dumb ; but I will answer for her— it is because
she had no Bible. True, she was religious enoogh, and

70 overmuch, in her own way and style. For she had al-
ways you know, a large stoek of gods and goddess-
es, (such as they were) on hand, to suit the taste of ev-
ery body. And she manufactured them at home, and
imported them from abroad. And ^e commanded her

75 philosophers to extol them, and condemned the books of
her atheist scribbler to the flames. And she built tem-
ples ^ them, and raised statues to them, as fine, and
fair, and fashionable, as the* genius of sculpture could
make them. And she had an altar for every one of

80 them that she knew or bad ever heard of, or dreamed*
about; and one more — and it was inscribed " to the
UNKNOWN GOD." But there it was, — with all her wis-
dom she knew not God — for she had no Bible, bringing
life and immortality to light, to reveal him to her. In

85 vain, therefore, did she guard that statue of Minerva in
her temple. She had no Bible to difitise the knowledge
of God, and intelligence and virtue along with it, among
ber people — she bad no Bible — and she fell. And
what now, I ask you, is to save our city, our repub-

90 lie, fi-om the same fitte T That Bible which she want-
ed ; but which, I thank God, we have. Yes, the Bible,
the Bible is our true palladium, sent down to us fpom
Heaven, to preserve our freedom ; and we will guard it
with holy care — for we know that whilst we keep it, our

96 city caniiot be taken, our country will be safe. Yes,
and I cannot help imagining at this moment, remember-


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378 BXRRCI8B8. [Ex. 102.

ing whose words I have been exteading, with what
joy that great and good man, whom we fondljr aod tru-
ly call, The Father of our country, would have hailed

100 the day of this Society. O ! if he could have seen its
light rising upon our land, with what zeal woul4 he

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