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Analysis of the principles of rhetorical delivery as applied in reading and ... online

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have come forward from the shade of his retirement, to
enrol himself among its members and friends. With
what patriotic pride, with what Christian ardor, he

105 would have embraced our cause — and, like the good
old prophet in the temple, when he held up the young
Desire of Nations in his arms, he would have exclaim-
ed, " Lord, now lettest thou thy servant depart in peace,
according to thy word : for mine eyes have seen thy

110 salvation, which thou hast prepared before the face of
all people, a light to lighten the Gentiles, and the glo-
ry of thy people Israel !" Alas ! he ** died without
the Sight" But, from heaven where he lives, on this
auspicious anniversary of our society, with the associ-

1 15 ated spirits of our venerable Boudinot, and Clarkson,
he looks down upon our institution with a smile of
complacency, because he sees in all our toils new
pledges for the peace, and safety, and freedom of his
still beloved country. Maxwell.

102. Isaiah xiif.
] The sentence against Bahylon^ which was revealed to
Isaiah the son of Amots,

^ On the lofty mountain, elevate the banner,
Lift up the voice to them,* wave the hand.
That they may enter into the gates of the tyrants.

3 I have given orders to my consecrated [warriors]

1 have ordered my heroes [to execute] my indignation.
My proud exulters.

4 [Hark !] The noise of a multitude upon the mountains,

like that of a great nation !
The tumult of kingdoms, of assembled nations !
Jehovah God of Hosts mustereth his army for battle.

5 They come from a distant land.
From the end of the heaven.

* The Modes.

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£t» 103.] 8ACRBD BLOaOKNCB. 379

Jehofah and the iastraments of his indigiiaUon,
To laj waste the whole country.

6 Howl ye, for the day of Jehovah is near,
Yea, destruction from the Almighty is coming.

7 Therefore all hands shall hang down,
And every heart of man shall be melted.

8 They shall be in consternation.

Distress and anguish shall lay hold upon them.
As a travailing woman shall they be distressed.
One shall gaze upon another with astonishment,
Their faces shall glow like flames.

9 Behold I The day of Jehovah cometh,
Dreadful in his anger and fierce indignation.
To make the country a waste,

And to destroy sinners out of it

10 For the stars of heaven and the constellations thereof.
Shall not give their light ;

The sun shall be darkened in his march,
And the moon shall withhold her splendor.

11 For I will visit upon the land its evil.
And upon the wicked, their iniquity,

I will make the glorying of the proud to cease.
And the haughtiness of the tyrants will I bring down.

12 I will make a man more scarce than gold,
Yea men, than the gold of Ophir.

13 Moreover will I make the heavens to shake ;
And the earth shall totter from its place ;
Because of the indignation of Jehovah of hosts.
In the day of his fierce anger.

14 And men shall be like a frighted doe,

And like sheep, which no one collects together.
Each one shall turn to his own people.
And each fly to his own country.*

15 Every one who is overtaken shall be thrust through.
And all who are collected together shall fall by the


16 Their children shall be dashed Jn pieces before their


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SeO BXBRCItBS. [£&. l^^

Their hooMs shall be rilled, and their women ravished.

17 Behold, 1 will raise up against them the Modes,
Who make no account of silver,

As to gold they regard it not.

18 Their bows shall strike down the youth.

On the fruit of the womb they will have no compassion.
Their eye wUl not pity the children.

19 So shall Babylon, the pride of kingdoms.
The boast and glory of the Chaldeans,

Be like Sodom and Gomorrah which God destroyed ;
SO It shall never more be inhabited,

Nor shall it be dwelt in from generatioa to generation.

There the Arabian shall not pitch his tent.

Nor the shepherds make their flocks to lie down there.
21 But there the wild beasts of the desert shall lie down,

And howling monsters shidl fill their hooMs,

There the ostriches shall dwell.

And the satyrs shall revel there.
23 The jackals shall howl in their palaces,

And the dragons in their magnificent pleasore^hooses ;

For her time is near.

And her days shall not be prok>nged.

Chapter xiv.

1 Then will Jehovah have compassion upon Jacob,
And set his love again upon Israel ;

And he will transfer them to their own country.

And strangers shall be joined to them.

They shall be connected with the house of Jacob.

2 The nations shall take them and bring them to their

And the house of Israel shall possess them as servants
. and handmaidjs,
In the land of Jehovah ;
And their captors shall become captives.
And they shall rule over their oppressors.

3 Then it shall come to pass,

When Jehovah shall give thee rest from thy trouble and
thine adversity,

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And from the oppressive service which was laid upon

4 Then shalt utter this song over the king of Babylon,

and say :
How has the q)pressor come to an end,
The exactor of golden tribute ceased 1

5 Jehovah has broken the staff of the wicked/
The rod of the tryrants.

6 He smote the people in anger,
With a stroke that was not remitted ;
He lorded it over the nations in wrath,
With oppression that never ceased.

7 But now the whole country is quiet.
They break out into singing.

8 The fir-trees, also, exult over thee.
And the cedars of Lebanon, [saying,]
'• Since thou art laid there.

No feller has come up against us."

9 Hades from beneath is in commotion on account of thee.
To meet thee at thy coming.

Because of thee she rouses up her ghosts.

All the mighty ones of the earth she raises from their

All the kings of the nations.

10 All of them will accost thee, and say,
** Art thou become feeble, as we are ?
Art thou become like unto us 1"

11 Down to Hades goes thy pomp.
And the noise of thy harps !

The worm is thy couch under thee.
And the maggot is thy covering.

12 Bright and morning star.

How art thou fallen from heaven !
How art thou prostrate upon the earth.
Who didst crush the nations !

13 But thou didst say in thine heart ;
** I will ascend the heavens,

Above the stars of God I will elevate my throne ;
I will sit on the mount of solemn assembly.

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«ZBRCI8ft8. [Ex. 102.

Id the recesses of the north ;

14 I will mount above the height of the clouds^
I will be like the most high/'

15 But, to Hades hast thou come down.
To the recesses of the pit

16 Those that gaze upon thee,

They shall attentively view thee, [and say,]

** Is this the man who made the earth to quake 1

Who made kingdoms to tremble ?

17 Who made the world a desert,
And laid waste its cities?

Who dismissed not his prisoners to their home V

18 All the kings of the nations,
Yea all of them, repose in glory,
Each in his own place.

19 But thou art cast out from thy grave,
Like a loathsome branch ;

Thou art covered with the slain.

With those who are pierced through by the sword,

Who go down into the stony pit ;

Thy carcase is trodden under foot

20 Thou shalt not be joined with them in the burial,
For thou hast destroyed thy country,

Thou hast slain thy people ;

The seed of evil doers shall never more be named.

21 Prepare ye* slaughter for his children.
Because of the iniquity of their fathers ;

That they may never rise up and possess the [promised]

Nor fill the country with enemies.

22 I will rise up against them,
Saith Jehovah of hosts ;

I will cut off from Babykm the name and the residue.
Posterity and offspring, saith Jehovah.
523 I will make it a possession of the porcupine.
And [turn it] to pools of water ;
I will sweep it with the besom of destruction,
Saith Jehovah of hosts. Siuari's Translation.


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103/ Eternity of God.

If all who live and breathe arouod us are the creatures
of yesterday, and destined to see destruction to-morrow ;
if the same condition is our own, and the same sentence
is written against us ; if the solid forms of inanimate na*

5 ture and laborious art are fading and falling, if we look
in vain for durability to the very roots of the mountains,
where shall we turn, and on what can we rely I Can
no support be offered ; can no source of confidence be
named 1 Oh yes 1 there is one Being to whom we can

10 look with a perfect conviction of finding that seearity,
which nothing about us can give, i^nd which nothing
about us can take away. To this being we can lifl up
our souls, and on him we may rest them, exclaiming in
the language of the monarch of Israel, '' Before the

15 mountains were brought forth, or ever thou hadst form-
ed the earth and the world, even from everlasting to
everlasting thou art God." *' Of old hast thou laid the
foundations of the earth, and the heavens are the work
of thy hands. They shall perish, but thou shall endure,

20 yea, all of them shall wax old like a garment, as a ves-
ture shalt thou change them, and they shall be chang-
ed, but thou art the same, and thy years shall have no

The eternity of God is a subject of contemplatioR,

25 which at the same time that it overwhelms us with as-
tonishment and awe, affords us an immovable ground
of confidence in the midst of a changing world. All
things which surround us, all these dying, mouldering
inhabitants of time, must have had a creator for the plain

30 reason, that they could not have created themselves.
And their Creator must have existed from all eternity,
for the plain reason, that the first cause must necessa-
rily be uncaused. As we cannot suppose a beginning
without a cause of existence, that which is the cause of

35 all existence, must be self^xistent, and could have had
no beginning. And, as it had no beginning, so, abo, as
it is l^yond the reach of all influence and controli 4is it
is independent and almighty, it will have no end.

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384 BXERCI8E& [Ex. 108.

Here then is a support, which will never fail ; here is

40 a foundation which can never be moved — the everlast-
ing Creator of countless worlds, " the high and lofty
One that inhabiteth eternity." What a sublime con-
ception ! He inhabits eternity, occupies this inconceiva-
ble duration, pervades and fills throughout, this boundless

45 dwelling. Ages on ages before even the dust of which we
are formed was created, he had existed in infinite ma-
jesty, and ages on ages will roll away after we have all
returned to the dust whence we were taken, and still
he will exist, in infinite majesty, living in the eternity

50 of his own nature, reigning itk the plenitude of his own
omnipotence, forever sendinff forth the word, which
forms, supports, and governs all things, commanding new
created light to shine on new created worlds, and rais-
ing up new created generations to inhabit them.

55 The contemplation of this glorious attribute of God,
is fitted to excite in our minds the most animating and
consoling reflections. Standing, as we are, amid the
ruins of time, and the wrecks of mortality, where every
thing about us is created and dependent, proceeding

60 from nothing, and hastening to destruction, we rejoice
that something is presented to our view which has stood
from everlasting, and will remain forever. When we
have looked on the pleasures of life, and they have van-
ished away : when we have looked on the works of na-

65 ture, and perceived that they were changing ; on the
monuments of art, and seen that they would not stand ;
on our friends, and they have fled while we were gaz-
ing ; on ourselves, and felt that we were as fleeting as
they ; when we have looked on every object to which

70 we could turn our anxious eyes, and they have all told
us that they could give us no hope nor support, because
they were so feeble themselves ; we can look to the
throne of God : change and decay have never reached
that ; the revc^tion of ages has never moved it ; the

75 waves of an eternity have been rushing past it, but it
has remained unshaken ; the waves of another eternity
are rushing toward it, bilt it is fixed, and can never be
disturbed. Greenwood.

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Ex. 104, 105.] SACRED ELOQUENCE. 385

104. Epitaph on Mrs. Mason.

Take, holy earth ! ail that my soul holds dear ;

Take that best gift, which Heaven so lately gave ;
To Bristol's fount I bore, with trembling care,

Her faded form : — She bow'd to taste the wave,
5 And died. Does youth, does beauty, read the line 1

Does sympathetic fear their breast ahrm ?
Speak 1 dead Maria ! breathe a strain divine ;

Ev*n from the grave thou shalt have pow'r to charm.
Bid them be chaste, be innocent, like thee ;
10 Bid them in duty's sphere as meekly move ;
And, if as fair, from vanity as free,

As firm in friendship, and as fond in love.
Tell them, though 'tis an awful thing to die!

('Twas even to thee) yet, the dread path once trod,
15 Heaven lifts its everlasting portals high,

And bids the " pure in heart behold their God."

105. Skepticism.

O I lives there, heaven ! beneath thy dread expanse,
One hopeless, dark idolater of Chance,
Content to feed with pleasures unrefined,
The lukewarm passions of a lowly mind ;

5 Who, mouldering earthward, 'reftof ev'ry trust,
In joyless union wedded to the dust,
Could all his parting energy dismiss.
And call this barren world sufficient bliss?
There live, alas ! of heaven-directed mien,

10 Of cultured soul, and sapient eye serene.
Who hail thee, man ! the pilgrim of a day,
Spouse of the worm, and brother of the clay !
Frail as the leaf in Autumn's yellow bower,
Dust in the wind, or dew upon the flower !

15 A friendless slave, a child without a sire,
Whose mortal life, and momentary fire,
Lights to the grave his chance-created form.
As ocean-wrecks illuminate the storm ;


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I 386 BZBRCisEs. [Ex. 105.

And when the gun's tremendous flash is o'er,
20 To night and silence sink forevermore I

Are these the pompous tidings jb proclaim^
Lights of the world, and demi-gods of fame !
Is this your triumph — this your proud applause.
Children of Truth, and champions of her cause?
25 For this hath Science searched, on weary wing.
By shore and sea — each mute and living thing ?
Launched with Iberia's pilot from the steep.
To worlds unknown, and isles beyond the deep?
Or round the cope her living chariot driven,
30 And wheeled in triumph through the signs of heaven?
Oh ! star-eyed science, hast thou wandered there,
To waft us home the message of despair ? —
Then bind the palm, thy sage's brow to suit,
Of blasted leaf, and death-distilling fruit !
35 Ah me ! the laurelled wreath that murder rears.
Blood-nursed, and watered by the widow's tears,
Seems not so foul, so tainted, and so dread.
As waves the night-shade round the skeptic head.
What is the bigot's torch, the tyrant's chain ?
40 I smile on death, if heaven-ward hope remain !
But, if the warring winds pf Nature's strife
Be all the faithless charter of my life !
If chance awaked, inexorable powej !
This frail and feverish being of an hour,
45 Doomed o'er the world's precarious scene to weep.
Swift as the tempest travels on the deep,
To know Delight but by her parting smile.
And toil, and wish, and weep a little while ;
Then melt, ye elements, that formed in vain
50 This troubled pulse, and visionary brain !
Fade, ye wild flowers, memorials of my doom !
And sink, y^ stars, that light me to the tomb !
Truth, ever lovely since the world began.
The foe of tyrants and the friend of man, —
55 How can thy words from balmy slumber start
Reposing Virtue, pillowed on the Ij^a^t !
Yet, if thy voice the note of thunder rolled,
And that were true which nature never told,
Let wisdom smile not on her conquered field ;

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Ex. 106.] SACRED BLoauENce. 987

60 No rapture dawns, no treasure is revealed !
Oh ! let her read, nor Joudly, nor elate,
The doom that bars us from a better fate ;
Bat, sad as angels for the good man's sin,
Weep to record, and blush to give it in ! Campbell

106. The Atheist

How wonderful the process by which a new man can
grow to the immense intelligence that can know that
there is no God. What ages and what lights are ne-
cessary for this stupendous attainment I This intelli-
5 gence involves the very attributes of Divinity, while i
God is denied. For unless this man is omnipresent,
unless he is at this moment in every place in the uni-
verse, he cannot know but there may be in some place,
manifestations of a Deity by which even he would be

10 overpowered. If he does not know absolutely every
agent in the universe, the one that be does not know
may be God. If he is not himself the chief agent in
the universe^ and does not know what is so, that which
is so may be God. If he is not in absolute possession

15 of all the propositions that constitute universal truth,
the one which he wants may be, that there is a God.
If he cannot with certainty assign the cause of all that
he percieves to exist, that cause may be a God. if he
does not know every thing that has been done in the

20 immeasurable ages that are past, some things may have
been done by a God. Thus, unless he knows all things,
that is, unless he precludes another Deity by being one
himself, he cannot know that the Being whose existence
he rejects, does not exist. But he must know that he

25 does not exist, else he deserves equal contempt and
compassion for the temerity with which he firmly avows
his rejection and acts accordingly. And yet a man of
ordinary age and intelligence may present himself to
you with an avowal of being thus distinguished from

30 the crowd ; and if he would describe the manner in
which he has attained this eminence, you would feel a
melancholy interest in contemplating that process of
which the result is so portentous.

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388 BXBRCI8K8. [Ex. 107.

Sorely the creature that thus lifts his voice, and de>
85 fies all invisible power within the possibilities of infini-
ty, challenging whatever unknown being may hear him,
and who may, if he will, appropriate that title of Almigh-
ty which is pronounced in scorn, to evince his existence,
by his vengeance ; surely this man was not as yesterday
40 a little child, that would tremble and cry at the approach
of a diminutive reptile. Foster.

107. Duelling.

And now let me ask you solemnly ,* will you persist
in your attachment to these guilty men ? Will you any
longer, either deliberately or thoughtlessly, vote for
them ? Will you renounce allegiance to your Maker,
5 and cast the Bible behind your back ? Will you con-
fide in men void of the fear of God and destitute of mor-
al principle ? Will you intrust life to murderers — liber-
ty to despots ? Are you patriots, and will you consti-
tute those legislators who despise you, and despise equal

10 laws, and wage war with the eternal principles of jus-
tice ? Are you Christians, and by upholding duellists
will you deluge the land with blood, and fill it with wid-
ows and orphans ? Will you aid in the prostration
of justice — in the escape of criminals — in the extinc-

15 tion of liberty ? Will you place in the chair of state —
in the senate— on the bench of justice, or in the assem-
bly, men, who, if able, would murder you for speaking
truth ? Shall your elections turn on expert shooting,
and your deliberative bodies become an host of armed

20 men ? Will you destroy public morality by tolerating,
yea, rewarding, the most infamous crimes ? Will you
teach your children that there is no guilt in murder 1
— will you instruct them to think lightly of duelling,
and train them up to destroy or be destroyed in the

25 bloody field ? Will you bestow your suffrage, when you
know that by withholding it you may arrest this deadly
evil — when this top is the only way in which it can be
done, and when the present is perhaps the only period
in which resistance can avail — when the reipedy is so

30 easy, so entirely in your power ; and when God, if you

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R\v 107.] SACRBD fiLOQUBKGE. 389

do not punish these guilty men, will most inevitably
punish you?

If the widows and the orphans^ which this wasting
e?il has created and is yearly multiplying, might ail

35 stand before you, could you witness their tears ; listen
to their details of anguish 1 Should they point to the
murderers of their fathers, their husbands, and their
children, and lift up their voice and implore yoqr aid to
arrest an evil which has made them desolate — could

40 you disregard their cry ? Before their eyes could you
approach the poll and patronize by your vote the de-
stroyers of their peace ? Had you beheld a dying fa-
ther, conveyed bleeding and agonizing to his distracted
family : had you heard their piercing shrieks, and wit-

45 nessed their frantic agony-^would you reward the sav-
age man who had plunged them in distress ? Had the
duellist destroyed your neighbor — had your own father
been killed by the man who solicits your suffrage — had
your son been brought to the door, pale in death, anrf

50 weltering in blood, laid low by his hand — would you
then think the crime a small one 1 Would you honor
with your confidence, and elevate to power by your vote,
the guilty monster 1 And what would you think of
your neighbors, if regardless of your agony, they

55 should reward him ? And yet, such scenes of unuttera-
ble anguish arc multiplied, every year. Every year the
duellist is cutting down the neighbor of somebody
Every 'year, and many times in the year, a father is
brought dead or dying to his family, or a son laid breath-

60 less at the feet of his parents. And every year you are
patronizing by your votes, the men who commit these
crimes, and looking with cold indifference upon, and
even mocking the sorrows of your neighbor. — Beware
— 1 admonish you solemnly to beware, and especially

65 such of you as have promising sons preparing for active
life, lest, having no feeling for the sorrows of another,
you be called to weep for your own sorrow ; lest your
sons fall by the hand of the very murderer you vote for,
or by the hand of some one whom his example has train-

70 ed to the work of blood.

With such considerations before you, why in the

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390 EXERCISES. [Ex. 109.

name of heaven, do yoa wish lo vote for such men T
what have they done for you — what can they do, that
better men cannot as happily accomplish ? And will

75 you incur all this guilt and hazard all these consequen-
ces ibr nothing ? Have you no religion — ^no conscience
— no love to your country 1 No attachment to liberty
— no humanity — no sympathy — no regard to your own
welfare in this life ; and no fear of consequences in the

80 life to come?

Oh, my countrymen, awake ! Awake to crimes wbiehr
are your disgrace — to miseries which know not a limit
—to judgments which will make you desolate.


108. Character of the Puritans.

The puritans were men whose minds had derived a
peculiar character from the daily contemplation of su-
perior beings and eternal interests. Not content with
acknowledging, in general terms, an overruling^ Prov-
5 idence, they habitually ascribed every event to the will
of the Great Being, for whose power nothing was too
vast, for whose inspection nothing was too minute. To
know him, to serve him, to enjoy him, was with them
the great end of existence. They rejected with con^

10 tempt the ceremonious homage which other sects sub-
stituted for the pure worship of the soul. Instead of
catching occasional glimpses of the Deity through an
obscuring veil, they aspired to gaze full on the intolera-
ble brightness, and to commune with him face to face.

15 Hence originated their contempt for terrestrial distinc-
tions. The difference between the greatest and mean-
est of mankind seemed to vanish, when compared with
the boundless interval which separated the whole race
from him on whom their own eyes were constantly fix*

20 ed. They recognized no title to superiority but his fa-
vor; and confident of that favor, they despised all
the accomplishments and all the dignities of the world.
If they were unacquainted with the works of philos-
ophers and poets, they were deeply read in the oracles of

25 God. If their names were not found in the registers of

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.heralds, they felt assared that tliey were recorded in the

Online LibraryEbenezer PorterAnalysis of the principles of rhetorical delivery as applied in reading and ... → online text (page 28 of 30)