Ebenezer Smith Thomas.

Reminiscences of the last sixty-five years: commencing with the ..., Volume 2 online

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The fourth Anniversary of this national institution was held in the Rev.
Dr. McAuley's Church, Murray street, on Thursday evening, the 14th of May,
The house was well filled with a highly respectable audience. In the absence
of the President of the Union, Gen. Cocke, of Virginia, the chair was taken by
£. C. Delavan, Esq. Chairman of the Executive Committee. Prayer was
offered by the Rev. Mark Hopkins, D.D., President of Williams College, Mass.
and an abstract of the report was read by the Rev. John Marsh, Correspond-
ing Secretary.

On motion, by S. V. 8. Wilder, Esq. of New- York, seconded by Professor
Hough, of Middlebury College, it was

Resolved, That the report be accepted and printed under the direction of the
Executive Committee.

The Rev. Dr. Humphrey, President of Amherst College, Mass., offered the
following resolution : —

Resolved, That the American Tempearnce Union contemplate with grati-
tude to the All Wise Disposer of events, the continued advance of the cause
of temperance among the nations of the earth, especially the late extraordinary
movements in Ireland, which promise to deliver that beautiful island from the
most degrading bondage.

Dr. H. engrossed the attention of the audience for a considerable time, chiefly
with the latter topic ; and, with a beauty and force of expression peculiarly his
own, elaborately described the deep degradation of Ireland, naturally beautiful,
and containing rich veins of intellect, but destroyed by intemperance, and
the extraordinary national enthusiasm which was now throwing off the evil ;
the work of Theobold Mathew— no, not of Theobold Mathew, but of a higher
power, honoring him as the great instrument, and which called for our special
thanksgivings to the Ruler of Nations.

John Tappan, Esq. of Boston, offered the following resolution, which was
seconded by Rev. Thornton A. Mills, of Cincincinnati, Ohio.

Resolved, That the American Temperance Union feel a deep interest in the
noble-hearted Irishmen who have made America their abode; and hope that the

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•« Irish heart" here will respond to the call from sweet home, and that they will
unanimously sign the pledge of total abstinence from all that intoxicates, and
keep it when signed.

The Hon. Theodore Frelinghuysen, Chancellor of the University of New
York, offered the following resolution, which he sustained for half an hour
with great ability.

Resolved, That our confidence is unimpaired in the leading measures which
have been pursued for the promotion of temperance in our country, and we do
urge upon all our friends an active and untiring continuance of them ; more
especially would we impress upon all, the importance of a firm and consistent
example of total abstinence from all intoxicating liquors as a beverage.

Nathan Crosby, Esq. of Boston, offered the following resolution :

Resolved, That the American Temperance Union regard the character of
the recent reports of legislative committees as indicative of a great advance of
our cause ; and though they have not advised to the action asked for by nume-
rous memorialists, yet a uniform acknowledgement of the correctness of their
principles, shows that the time may not be far distant when every legislature
will shudder at patronizing and legalizing the sale of intoxicating drinks, and
will, by suitable statutes, protect the community from its evil influences.

The resolution was seconded by President Hopkins, of Williams College.

Elisha Taylor, Esq. of Albany, chairman of the Executive Committee of the
New York State Temperance Society, offered the following resolution :

Resolved, That the reception given by the various Temperance Societies of
Great Britain to the delegation of the American Temperance Union to their
last anniversaries, was highly gratifying to the friends of temperance in Amer-
ica ; and that we hope for the pleasure of soon welcoming to our shores some
representatives of those noble associations which are fast working deliverance
for our father land.

The resolution was responded to in a speech of much animation by the Rev.
Dr. Patton, of New York, one of the delegation. Dr. Patton moved, that the
Executive Committee be directed to express the strong sympathies of the Ameri-
can Temperance Union with the people of Ireland in their great temperance
reform, and that our reports, publications, and congratulations be immediately
forwarded to the Corresponding Secretary of the Irish Temperance Union.

The resolution brought up Mr. Samuel Stewart, recently from Belfast, who,
as a representative of the Emerald Isle, was received with much cheering.
Mr. Stewart, in a neat and handsome speech, thanked the Americans for the in-
terest they took in his native land, and gave a brief account of the rise and pro-
gress of temperance there, especially of its recent wonderful advance under
the Rev. Theobold Mathew in the south of Ireland. He fully confirmed the
accounts in the public papers.

The Rev. E. N. Kirk concluded the meeting with a short, but powerful
speech on the following resolution :

Resolved, That the resolution of the Executive Committee to call a National
Temperance Convention in the summer of 1841, meets our full approbation,
and that the time has arrived when we should hail with joy a Temperance
Convention for the whole WORLD.*

The blessing was pronounced by Dr. Humphrey.

* Appendix A.

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John H. Cocke, of Virginia, President

Reuben EL Walworth, of New York, Lewis Cass, of Michigan, Mat-
thew Newkirk,of Pennsylvania, Theodore Frelinghuysen, John Sav-
age, of New York, Joseph Duncan, of Illinois, Samuel Hubbard,
Lucius M. Sargent, Rev. Justin Edwards, D. D., of Massa-
chusetts, Robert Lucas, of Iowa, R. T. Dunlap, of Maine, Rev. J. Roaf,
of Upper Canada,Vic« Presidents.

Edward C. Delavan, John Tappan, Theodore Frelinghuysen, John
T. Norton, Christian Keener, John W. Leavitt, Executive Committee.

Rev. John Marsh, and Dr. Lindon A. Smith, Secretaries.

Jasper Corning, Treasurer.

John Wheelwright, Auditor.

Presidents and Secretaries of Societies constituting the American Temper-
ance Union, for 1840.

American Temperance Society.

Samuel Hubbard, LL. D. President. , Cor. Sec.

Maine Temperance Society — Anniversary, Feb. 20*

Hon. R. T. Dunlap, President. Phineas fiarne*, Cor. See.

Maine Temperance Union — Anniversary, Jan, 7.

Hon. Asa Reddington, Presidnet Rev. Thomas Adams, Cor* Sec

New Hampshire State Society — Anniversary, June 15.
Hon. Joshua Darling, President. Rev. Edmund Worth, Cor. Sec*

Vermont State Society — Anniversary, Oct. 23.
Hon. Jona Loomis, President George B. Manser, Cor. Sec.

Massachusetts State Society — Anniversary, May 26 •*
Dr. John C. Warren, President. Dr. Walter Channing, Sec.

Massachusetts Temperance Union — Anniversary, May 28.
John Tappan, President James C. Converse, Cor. Sec.

Rhode Island State Society — Anniversary, Nov, 20.
Willam Aplin, Esq. President Charles Jewett, Cor. Sec
Connecticut State Society — Anniversary, May, Sd Tuesday.
Rev. Jeremiah Day, D.D. President. Rev. Herman Baldwin, Cor. Sec.

New York State Society — Anniversary, Feb. 14.
Hon. Reuben H. Walworth, President. Elisha Taylor, Cor. Sec.

New Jersey State Society — Anniversary, Jan. 17.
Stacy G. Potts, President. Dr. James B. Colman, Cor. Sec
Pennsylvania State Society — Anniversary, May, 4th Tuesday
Thomas Fleming, President David M'Clure, Sec.

Delaware State Society — Anniversary, April 17.
Hon. Willard Hall, President. Dr. Henry Gibbons, Cor. Sec.

Maryland State Society — Anniversary, Feb. 28.
Hon. Stevenson Archer, President C. R Taylor, Sec

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Virginia State Society — Anniversary, Feb. 28.

Gen. John H. Cocke, President. , Cor. Sec.

Ohio State Society — Anniversary, Jan. 11.
, President. P. B. Wilcox, Cor. Sec.

Indiana State Society — Anniversary, Dec. 11.
Jeremiah Sullivan, President. Joseph M. Moore, Cor. Sec.

Michigan State Society — Anniversary, Feb. 11.
J. S, Fitch, President. G. W. Clark, Cor. Sec.

Kentucky Northern Temperance Union.

Dr. Samuel Sharp, President. * Cor. Sec.

Tennessee State Temperance Society.
, President. , Cor. Sec.

Illinois State Society — Anniversary, Dec. 5.
Dr. B. F. Edwards, President. A. W. Corey, Cor. Sec.

Missouri State Society — Anniversary^ eb. 5.
H. R. Gamble, President Samuel Knox, Cor. Sec.

Mississippi State Society.
, President James Burke, Cor. S t ec.

Louisiania State Society.
Gen. J. B. Dawson, President S. P. Anderson, Cor. Sec.

South Carolina State Society — Anniversary, Dec. 5.
Hon. Job Johnston, President G. J. Snowden, Cor. Sec.

Wisconsin Society — Anniversary, Feb. 18.
Samuel Hinsman, President. S. A. Dwinell, Cor. Sec.

Ipwa Society — Anniversary, Dec. 11.
Robert Lucas, President Dr. J. M. Robertson, Cor. Sec.

District of Columbia.
Rev. Henry Sheer, D.D. President. J. Leech, Cor. Sec.


American Temperance Union in account with Jasper
Corning, Treasurer.
Cash paid out from Jan. 1, 1839 to Dec. 31.
For paper and printing .....

Salaries, agents, rent, postage, discount, freight, fuel, &c. &c.
Expenses in foreign countries ....

Balance of account .....

Cash received from Jan. 1, 1839 to Dec. 31.
For Journals ... ...

Donation from E. C. Delavan ....

Other donations
Sales of publications

93147 20

3734 43

151 26

94 10

97126 99

93876 00

2500 00

280 00

54 96

96710 96

Expenses exceeding receipts, 9415 93.


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A distinguishing feature of the age in which we live, is a resolution
to triumph over moral corruption ; a determination to break the chains
of the worst of slavery, the slavery of degrading and destructive ani.

In the age of our childhood, America and France were each strug-
gling for civil liberty. In this of our manhood, we hear a voice from
China, from Africa, from the Isles of the Sea, from Ireland, from Brit*
ain, from the cold regions of the North, from every part of our free and
happy Republic, saying, we and ours will no longer be slaves to the
poisonous drug, or the intoxicating cup. The movement is ONE, and
it is mighty. If in our own land it has not, as in another, been national
and borne onward with an enthusiasm which no benevolent enterprise
has before enjoyed, still here it has, in the past year, steadily progressed,
and gained, it is believed, a deeper and deeper hold of the affections of
our countrymen.

In presenting their fourth Annual Report, the Executive Committee
feel it incumbent upon them, first of all to express their grateful ac-
knowledgements to the Great Disposer of all events, that they are still
permitted to live and labour in this great and blessed enterprise ; and
then to present a brief statement of what has been done in the past year
in the cause of temperance in each of the States composing the Union
and in foreign countries.


In the State of Maine the cause has been well sustained by the Tem-
perance Gazette, published at Augusta, under the patronage of the
State Temperance Union. Two agents have been employed a consi-
derable part of the year in travelling and lecturing. Rev. J. C. Love-
joy, and Samuel Chipman, Esq., the gentleman who has distinguished
himself by his careful investigations in the State of New York. Under

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the labours of these gentlemen, a uniform willingness has been manifest-
ed to adopt the comprehensive pledge. A State Convention was held at
Augusta on the 3d of October, — an interesting meeting, at which it was

Resolved, That legislative action is among the appropriate means
demanded in the present state of our cause, to remove a portion of the
evil of intemperance, which no other influence can reach or control ; and,
that the suffrages of temperance men should aid in elevating those
men to seats in our legislative councils, and those only, whose influence,
in every capacity, in which they may be called to act, will be felt in
favour of the temperance reform.

A memorial to the Legislature, respectfully requesting that the
license law be repealed, and a prohibitory law be enacted in its stead,
was adopted and sent forth to the people for signatures. This memo-
rial was returned to the Legislature numerously signed, but produc-
ed no change in the existing law.

On the 4th of February, the State Temperance Union held its Anni-
versary. Two hundred and forty delegates were in attendance. The
meeting embodied much of the talent of the State, and the discussions
were of an high order. The subjects were, the foundations of tempo-
ranee action ; the means of reachiog the mass of mind and removing ex-
isting prejudice ; the importance of a consistent course of conduct in
temperance men ; legislative action ; an hospital for drunkards, and the
spirit rations in the U. S. Navy. On the latter subject, an able memo-
rial was drafted and forwarded to Congress. From reports from 69
towns in the State, it appeared that, in nearly all those towns, there were
regularly organized temperance societies, about one half of which were
on the total abstinence principle ; that in sixty of these towns, there are
four hundred venders of ardent spirits either in stores or taverns, but
that not more than one in forty of these are licensed. Thirty of the
returns spoke of the cause as advancing, others as stationary or re-
trograde. In relation to the influence of the reforms in the State at large,
the answers were most interesting and heart-cfyeering. " Very happy,"
" very salutary," " most happy," " decidedly good," " great and glo-
rious," are phrases used in the returns to express the results of the

The following resolutions were, with great unanimity, adopted at the

1. Resolvedy That the Temperance Reform, like the religion of the
gospel, has its foundation in truth, and consequently the one as cer-
tainly as the other must ultimately prevail.

2. Resolved, That, to extend the influence of the Temperance Re-
form, we must not rest simply in the assurance that it is founded in
truth : but means must be employed to bring this truth in contact with
the whole mass .of mind.

3. Resolved, That, on account of its religious bearings, the Tempe-
rance cause is entitled to a prominent place in the efforts and prayers
of every friend of Zion.

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THfmAt!CE union, 1840. 5

4. Resolved, That, in the light of political economy, this cause ia
entitled to the serious attention of the statesman, as well as the chris-
tian and philanthropist

5. Resolved, That there is ground to expect important results from
the faithful individual efforts of the friends of Temperance, even in re-
claiming those who have become addicted to habits of intemperance.

6. Resolved, That, notwithstanding the importance of individual ef-
fort, associated action is essential to the complete triumph of this cause,
and that no man does his whole duty, whose influence is not felt in an
associated as well as an individual capacity.

7. Resolved, That, in our associated efforts for staying the torrent
and drying up the fountains of intemperance, we must never forget the
pervading, though silent influence of individual character ; and, if we
would be successful in any measures that may be adopted to reclaim
the inebriate or restrain the retailer, we must see to it that they are
prompted by a spirit of love, and backed by a life of consistency.

8. Resolved, That a cause like this should never be suffered to lan-
guish for want of pecuniary aid ; and every friend should feel it a pri-
vilege as well as a duty, to contribute for its advancement.

9. Resolved, That a correct public sentiment, on this as well as on
every other subject, should be allowed to manifest itself in every suita-
ble way ; that one of those ways is the establishment of good and whole-
some laws ; that the best and most wholesome laws would be laws pro-
hibiting the sale of intoxicating liquors as a beverage ; and it is the de-
liberate and solemn conviction of this Union, that it is the duty of wise
and virtuous legislators to conform their action to this high standard,
and as soon and as fast as it is practicable to establish such laws.

In this State, temperance received a severe blow in the Aros*
took expedition. Intemperance and war are kindred spirits. Where the
latter reigns or is only contemplated, the former is sure to rage
What one man can do, has been clearly and happily exemplified in this
State. For several years this individual, (the Hon. S. M. Pond, of
Bucksport,) has been untiring in his labours, sparing neither time', mo-
ney, nor effort to purify the county in which he lives ; the result is, as
clearly ascertained by recent investigations, that less liquor is sold in
that whole county, than is sold in a single village in a population of
8000 in another county, where very little effort has been made.


In New-Hampshire, the cause has suffered, it is feared, a retrogade
movement. In a recent address to its friends, the Secretary of the
State Society, Edmund Worth, Esq., says,

14 A few years since — we could muster a host of valiant cold water
volunteers to fight king Alcohol, the deadly foe to human happiness ;
but where are they now ? We fear our forces have suffered for want of
suitable discipline and exercise ; that some of our officers have fallen
asleep, and their soldiers have followed their example or deserted and

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left the service. We have not the numbers nor the influence, we fear,
that we had at a former period. Facts may prove our fears to have
been groundless ; we wish it may be so. But we are fully convinced
that it is time for a general inspection and review throughout the State.
There are hundreds who need to be revived — and as many more who
appear to be fast asleep — many societies have become extinct, which
need to be re-organized, and a new generation has come up which
should be instructed and enrolled with the temperance ranks. There
is a long neglected work in every town whieh is calling loudly for im-
mediate attention. Will the friends of Temperance heed this call —
are they ready to give it a hearty response ?

The State Society is doing comparatively nothing. It has even been
impracticable to give, in our annual Report, the state of the cause, for
the want of suitable materials."

A Young Men's Total Abstinence Society has, however, been active
and given in some parts considerable furtherance to the cause ; and re-
cent accounts speak of a cheering revival of its interest in several


In Vermont, the Temperance enterprise has done more than hold its
own, though it has been much sacrificed to party politics. The la-
bours of Mr. Samuel Chipman, employed for a considerable part of the
year as a Temperance lecturer, and the circulation of the Temperance
Star, an able periodical, have given much clearness and strength to the
Temperance principle. Under their influence, the Churches are be-
ginning to act with decision and efficiency, and there are three times
as many Temperance hotels in the State as there were in 1838, and
they are decidedly the best houses. The annual meeting of the State So-
ciety was held at Montpelier on the 15th of October. It was an inte-
resting meeting. In their memorial to the Legislature, the society said,

That, in their opinion, the public good requires that the law autho-
rising licenses for the sale of ardent spirits should be repealed. They
have long regarded intemperance as one of the most serious evils which
afflict our country. Legislative aid can be efficiently afforded by re-
stricting or interdicting the traffic in ardent spirits. Those engaged in
this traffic, reap a pecuniary harvest at the expense of the rest of commu-
nity. What they thus accumulate, is taken from the pockets of their
fellow-citizens without an equivalent ; nay, more— for the sake of pecu-
niary profit, they are permitted to deluge the land with a flood of vice
and crime, and to burden it with a load of taxes for the support of
criminals and paupers, which they have manufactured.

Your petitioners, therefore, desirous of being relieved from these bur-
dens, and of seeing justice and virtue, and good order prevalent in this
State> humbly request your honorable body to enact such laws as will,
for the future, restrain this unjust and pernicious traffic.

No legislative action was taken, but, the friends of the cause were
able to say, as the present year opened upon them,

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The commencement of the year 1840, finds the friends of temperance
in Vermont at their posts. If the year just past has not been as re-
markable for great advances in the cause among us, as some of the ear-
lier years of the reform, when novelty contributed so largely to its lists
of friends, yet we are confident that, taking the whole State together,
the principles of temperance have been gaining ground among our peo-
ple, and while these principles have been spreading over greater sur-

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Online LibraryEbenezer Smith ThomasReminiscences of the last sixty-five years: commencing with the ..., Volume 2 → online text (page 1 of 21)