Ecole d'application de l'arme blindée et de la cav.

Notes on equitation and horse training : in answer to the examination questions at the School of Application for Cavalry at Saumur, France online

. (page 1 of 7)
Online LibraryEcole d'application de l'arme blindée et de la cavNotes on equitation and horse training : in answer to the examination questions at the School of Application for Cavalry at Saumur, France → online text (page 1 of 7)
Font size
QR-code for this ebook


DEPARTMENT OF



EQUITATION AND
HORSE TRAINING



SAUMUR NOTES



MOUNTED SERVICE SCHOOL



FORT RILEY, KANSAS



I




JOHNA.SEAVERNS



(5rct^uatilln JUi^es



CUASS OF 1910




MOUNTED SERVICE SCHOOL

FORT RILEY, KANSAS, JUNE 28 and 29



NOTES



EQUITATION AND HORSE TRAINING



IN ANSWER TO THE



EXAMINATION QUESTIONS



AT THE



SCHOOL OF APPLICATION FOR
CAVALRY



AT



SAUMUR, FRANCE



TRANSLATED FROM THE FRENCH BY CAPTAIN GEO. H. CAMERON,

ASSISTANT COMMANDANT, MOUNTED SERVICE SCHOOL,

FORT RILEY, KANSAS.



MOtJNTBD 8BBVICE SCHOOL PRB89.

November, 1909.



M!>:.l i:.
WAR DEPARTMENT

THE ADJUTANT GP:NERAL's OFFICE,

Washington, Mittrh V, I'.ki'j.
The Commandant,

Mounted Service School,
Fort Riley, Kansas.
Sir:

Referring to so much of General Orders. No. ISC).
November 23, 1908, War Department, as requires that tin
course of instruction in equitation be based upon tliat oi
the Mounted Service School, I have the honor to inform
you that the Secretary of War directs that you appoint ;i
board of officers at the Mounted Service School to prepare
such instruction in equitation as should be publislicd to tin
Army.

Very respectfully,

(Sgd) Henry P. McCain.
Adjutant General:



Proceedings of a Board of Officers convened at tlic
Mounted Service School, Fort Riley, Kansas, by the follow-
ing order:

HEADQUARTERS, FORT RILEY, KANSAS.

March II, 191 lu.

Special Orders, i
No. 40. f

2. In compliance with instructions from the Secretary of W ar
contained in letter from the office of the Adjutant General, War
Department, dated Washington, D. C, March 3, 1909, a hoard of
officers is convened for the purpose of preparing such instruc-
tions in equitation as should be published to the Army.
Detail for the Board:
Captain George H. Cameron, 4th Cavalry;
Captain Walter C. Short, 13th Cavalry;
First Lieutenant Gon/on Johnston,, 3rd Cavahy.
♦ * * ♦ *

By Command of Brigadier General Kerr,

(Sgd) Ernest Hinds.

Adjiitdlii (f'r)irr(ll.



MOUNTED SERVICE SCHOOL

Fort Riley, Kan., March 12, 1909.
The Board met at 12 noon in compliance with the fore-
going order.

Present: All the members.

1. Since the publication of General Orders, No. 186, War
Department, series of 1908, many commmiications have
been received from mounted officers throughout the service
requesting information concerning the system of equitation
taught at the Mounted Service School.

2. The need of a manual or pamphlet, setting forth the
principles of the system, had been recognized prior to the
date of issue of said general order. Manuals are used in
other courses of instruction at the school and greatly facili-
tate rapid progress in instruction. Careful notations of the
results of experience gained by instructors in handling suc-
ceeding classes improve these manuals from year to year
until they are in condition to be used by graduates as
authoritative books of reference.

3. In the month of January the members of this Board,
after thoroughly considering and discussing the feasibility
of preparing a satisfactory manual of Equitation in the pres-
ent stage of development of the course of instruction at the
Mounted Service School reached the following conclusions:

a. Since the adoption of the French system (October,
1907) there has not been sufficient opportunity to apply its
principles in the instruction of the enlisted men of the
United States Army.

6. Differences in equipment, in character of mounts, in
requirements of service and in facilities for instruction will
require certain modifications in the methods of the French
system. This system has been gradually evolved and has
been subjected to the test of time. Any changes therein
should be made only after extended experience and pains-
taking study.

c. As, however, there is urgent need of at least an out-
Une of the work to be pursued and inasmuch as General
Orders 186, War Department, series 1908, specifically ap-
proves and adopts the French system of Equitation it is
considered that:



d. The manual used at the Cavalry School at Saumur,
France, entitled: "Notes d'Equitation, r^pondant au (iues-
tionnaire de TEcole d' Application de Cavalerie," should he
translated and published.

4. The translation was accordingly begun and is now
about one-third completed. Progress is not rapid because the
English vocabulary of technical terms in equitation is very lim-
ited and, furthermore, many explanatory notes are required.

5. Acting under the orders convening this Board, the
members are still of the opinion that the issue to the Army
of the translation above mentioned will be the most satis-
factory compliance with its instructions that can be con-
trived at this time. After a season of practice the Board
will be able to accumulate a record of experience from re-
ports of graduates acting as instructors in regiments. *

* * In due course of time a manual can be prepared
that will be adapted to the conditions and needs of the
American mounted service and that will have undergone
sufficient test to prevent confusion and controversy.

6. The Board accordingly recommends the publication
and issue of said translation when completed.

7. These proceedings are forwarded in this form in order
that approval or disapproval of the scheme may be com-
municated before further action is taken, and in order that,
in case of approval, necessary authority for translation and
publication may be obtained. The title page is appended
and marked "A."

There being no further business the Board at 12:80 p.
m. adjourned to meet at the call of the President.

(Sgd) Geo. H. Cameron,
Captain, 4th Cavalrt/, PresUhut.
(Sgd) W. C. Short,
Captain, IHth Cavalry, Memhfr.

(Sgd) Gordon Johnston.
1st TAetit., Srd Cavalry, Rpconhr.
APPROVED:

(Sgd) J. B. Kerr,
Brigadier General, U. ^'. A., Commandant.

APPROVED: By Order of The Secretary ok War.

(Sgd) J. Y. Bell, Chief of Staff.



FRENCH REPUBLIC. M. I. C.

5218-2.
Paris, March 15, 1909.
Ministry of War,

General Staff of The Army,
2d Bureau.
My Dear Captain:*

You informed me of a letter which was addressed to
you on the 15th February last by the Office of the Chief of
Staff in Washington, in which permission was requested to
translate, have printed and published the work entitled:

"Notes d' equitation repondant au questionnaire de
I'Ecole d'Application de Cavalerie, Carrousels militaires et
reprises d'officiers" (latest edition.)

I hasten to inform you that the American General Staff
may act with entire liberty in this matter.

Very respectfully, my dear Captain, etc.,

Lieut. Colonel, Chief of 2d Bureau,

(Sgd) L. Chere.
* Translation by Captain W. S. Guignard, 2d Field Artillery, of
a letter addressed to him as Military Attach^ of the Legation of
the United States at Paris, France.



TRANSLATOR'S NOTE.

The arragement of the original text has been retained
except that "Training for Military Races," Conditioning a
Hunter" and ''Conditioning for Endurance Races" have
been placed last as containing information rarely required.

Notes on "High School," "Training of Sauteurs,"
"Work between the Posts" and "Class Exhibitions," as
well as the descriptions of the French equipment and of the
French and German school method of holding the reins,
have been omitted as not applicable to our service.

Only three weeks before the manuscript of this book
was sent to the press, a translation of the same text by 1st
Lieutenant F. P. Lahm, Signal Corps, U. S. Army, was
received from the Second (Military Information) Division
of the (General Staff. Lieutenant Lahm's work has been
heely consulted. As might have been expected, many dis-
similarities in the two translations are noticeable, but
niaterinl differences are due mainly to the endeavor on the
part of this Board to adopt terms that could be used in
commands and that would not conflict with the language of
cxistini^ drill regulations.



HISTORY.

Question I page 1')

History of Equitation. Antiquity. Middle ages. Italian
Schools. French Schools of the 16th, ITtli and ISth cen-
turies. Military Schools. Period from 17S9 to 1815. Res-
toration. Contemporary Equitation. Baucher. d'Aure.

Name the most noted riding masters in these different
schools.



HORSE TRAINING.

Question II page 'I'l

Definition and object of Horse Training.
Circumstances affecting duration of training.
Condition of the horse, age, breeding: experience an


1 3 4 5 6 7

Online LibraryEcole d'application de l'arme blindée et de la cavNotes on equitation and horse training : in answer to the examination questions at the School of Application for Cavalry at Saumur, France → online text (page 1 of 7)