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SECTION I : "All the right and title of the State of
New York to the following described parcels of land
covered with water, adjacent and contiguous to the lands
of the United States, in the harbor of New York, at
Governor's Island, ********** anc j jurisdic-
tion over the same, are hereby released and ceded to the
United States under Article I, Section 8, Paragraph 17
of the constitution, for the purpose of erecting and main-
taining docks, wharves, boat-houses, sea walls, batteries,
and other needful structures. Provided that jurisdiction
hereby ceded shall continue no longer than the United
States shall own said land at Governors Island, :
******* and the adjacent lands covered with water
herein described and hereby released; and provided fur-
ther that all civil and such criminal process as may law-
fully issue under authority of this state may be served or
executed over said released lands."

Subsequent to the passage of the foregoing Act, to wit,
May 26, 1880, the submerged premises were granted and
conveyed to the United States of America by the Gover-
nor of the State of New York, by letters patent, :
*****. Patent recorded in Book of Patents, No. 44,
page 604, etc., in the office of the Secretary of State for
the State of New York.

Laws of the State of New York, Chapter 57, Consoli-
dated Laws of 1909, Article 4, Section 22. "Title and
jurisdiction to the following described tracts or parcels of
land have been ceded to the United States by this state on
condition, etc., ********** Governor's Island,"
&c.

155



HISTORY OF GOVERNOR'S ISLAND

Referring to the letters patent (as above), the acting Cor-
poration Counsel, City of New York, stated June i6th, 1910,
in a communication addressed to the President of the Depart-
ment of Taxes and Assessments, New York, that the "lands
under water covered by these letters patent are the property
of the United States and therefore exempt from taxation."*

The actual extension of work was begun August, 1901, and
the sea wall was first built to enclose the area. Its length is
7,219 feet and there are 4,787,748 cubic yards in the extension,
the material having been obtained from dredged channels and
excavation earth, New York City. The number of acres is
IO 3-55 m the extension, as compared with 69.8 in the Old
Island, 173.35 acres in all.

The work was done by the Engineer Department under the
command of Colonel W. L. Marshall (Retired Brig.-Gen.)
and Colonel S. W. Roessler, both of the Corps of Engineers.

When work on the enlargement was begun the contractors
for building the sea wall were required to mark the end of
their work with a lantern. As the foundation advanced into
deeper water, better signals became necessary, and a wrecked
schooner was used for the purpose. In the winter of 1910 the
schooner was released and a house built on the land. The
lantern, fog bell and striking mechanism were loaned by the
Light House Bureau. This light was taken over by the Light
House Bureau May loth, 1912. The average number of men
employed was 40 ; locomotives, 3 ; engines, 3 ; derricks, 2.

As late as the year 1900 the sea wall was in front of the
present Regimental line (Brick Row), and when the sea was
high, spray would dash upon the front of the houses. A fine
level plain (sown to grass in 1911) now stretches its hundred
acres of refreshing green to the west and south.

The estimated cost of this improvement was $1,100,000 and
the Engineering Department completed the extension for this
amount. The approximate cost per acre was $10,000.

* It appears from the foregoing that the United States owns Governor's
Island in fee simple.



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CHAPTER X.

COMMANDING GENERALS, POST COMMANDERS,
BRITISH' AND AMERICAN FORCES,

I755-I9I3-

July i, 1878, the Headquarters of the Military Division of
the Atlantic and the Department of the East were transferred
from the Army Building, Houston Street, to Governor's
Island, in compliance with G. O. 42, c. s., with the following
personnel :

MAJ.-GEN. WINFIELD SCOTT HANCOCK, Commanding.
COLONEL JAMES B. FRY, Adjutant General.
MAJOR GUIDO N. LIEBER, Judge Advocate.
COLONEL LANGDON C. EASTON, Chief Quarter-Master.
COLONEL MARCUS D. L. SIMPSON, Chief Commissary of
Subsistence.

COLONEL JOHN M. CUYLER, Medical Director.
COLONEL NATHAN W. BROWN, Chief Paymaster.

Attached.

CAPTAIN WM. G. MITCHELL, 5th Infantry, aide-de-camp,
Acting Engineer Officer.

CAPTAIN JOHN S. WHARTON, I9th Infantry, aide-de-camp.
IST LIEUT. GEORGE S. L. WARD, 22nd Infantry, aide-de-
camp.

On detached service.

COLONEL NELSON H. DAVIS, Inspector General's Depart-
ment.

Battery A, ist Artillery, Captain J. P. Sanger, 2nd Lieut.
A. Slater, Adjutant, was transferred from Fort Warren,
Mass., to Governor's Island, arriving July 2nd, 1878.
Battery D, ist Artillery, was ordered here from Fort Inde-
pendence, Mass., arriving July 19, 1878, relieving the Garrison



HISTORY OF GOVERNOR'S ISLAND

which in April, 1878, consisted of the following: Go's. A and
C, Permanent Party; Co. B, Music Boys, quartered in South
Battery (now Corbin Hall); Co. D, select; Go's. E. and F
recruits; Co. H, coloured Infantry, Capt. E. G. Bush, loth
Infantry, commanding.

COMMANDING OFFICERS.

With the coming of the Division and Headquarters Com-
manding General and Staff a change was made in the life and
interest of the Garrison. The Recruiting Service which had
had its Depot here was transferred to David's Island (Fort
Slocum) where it still remains.

Fort Wood was at this time garrisoned by a detachment of
the 3rd Artillery, under command of Lieutenant J. C. White.

The various events connected with the period have been
mentioned incidentally. It remains now to give the names
and years of command of the General Officers who have served
on Governor's Island since it became a Division Headquarters :

MAJ.-GEN. WINFIELD SCOTT HANCOCK,, July i, 1878-
Feby. 9, 1886.

MAJ.-GEN. JOHN M. SCHOFIELD, April 13, i886-Dec. 12,
1888.

MAJ.-GEN. OLIVER D. HOWARD, Dec. 12, i888-Nov. 8, 1894.

MAJ.-GEN. NELSON A. MILES, Nov. 20, i894-Oct. 4, 1895.

MAJ.-GEN. THOMAS H. RUGER, Oct. 4, iS95-April 10, 1897.

MAJ.-GEN. WESLEY MERRITT, April 10, iS97~May 19, 1898.
January 7, i899~May 19, 1900.

BRIG.-GEN. ROYAL T. FRANK, U. S. V., May 19, i898-June
30, 1898.

BRIG.-GEN. GEORGE L. GILLESPIE, U. S. V., June 30, 1898-
Oct. 4, 1898.

MAJ.-GEN. WM. R. SHAFTER, U. S. V., Oct. 4, i8cj8-Jany.
7, 1899.

MAJ.-GEN. WESLEY MERRITT, Jany. 7, i899~May 19, 1900.

MAJ.-GEN. JOHN R. BROOKE, May 10, lOXDo-July 21, 1902.

MAJ.-GEN. ARTHUR MACARTHUR, July 21, i9O2-Nov. 8,
1902.

158



COMMANDING GENERALS, POST COMMANDERS, ETC.

MAJ.-GEN. ADNA R. CIIAFFEE, Nov. 21, i9O2-Oct. 26, 1903.

MAJ.-GEN. HENRY C. CORBIN, Dept. East, Oct. 26, 1903-
Oct. i, 1904.

(Atlantic Division, Jany. 5, i9O4~Oct. I, 1904.)

MAJ.-GEN. FREDERICK DENT GRANT (Dept. East), Oct. i,
1904-Nov. 10, 1908.

MAJ.-GEN. JAMES F. WADE, Dec. i, 1904- April 4, 1907.
(Atlantic Division discontinued June 30, 1907.)

MAJ.-GEN. LEONARD WOOD (Dept. East), Nov. 10, 1908-
July 19, 1910.

BRIG.-GEN. WALTER HOWE (Dept. East), April 8, 1910-
July 20, 1910.

MAJ.-GEN. FREDERICK DENT GRANT (Eastern Division and
Dept. East), July 25, I9io-April n, 1912.*

BRIG.-GEN. TASKER H. BLISS (Eastn. Div. and Dept. East),
Jan'y 29, I9i2-Aug. 31, 1912.

MAJ.-GEN. THOMAS H. BARRY (Eastern Division and East-
ern Department), Sept. i, 1912.



Regiments of the English and American forces have been
stationed on Governor's Island as follows :

English.
1756-1773.

II. M. 6oth Regiment of Foot, the Royal Americans.

1755-1767.

Maj.-Gen. Sir William Pepperell's Regiment.

1767.
H. M. 44th Regiment of Foot.

1767.
H. M. 22d Regiment of Foot.

* Major-General Frederick Dent Grant died April u, 1912. His body
lay in the Chapel under guard from April 13 till April 26, on which day
the funeral ceremonies took place. The interment was in the Cemetery
at West Point.

159



HISTORY OF GOVERNOR'S ISLAND

American.

1775-
General William Prescott's Regiment, the "Bunker Hill

Regiment."

1776.

The 4th Continental Infantry, Colonel John Nixon com-
manding. Brig.-Gen'l, 9th August, 1776.

April, 1776.

Genl. Putnam's forces, 1,000 men, draughts from Colonel
Silliman's Regiment, Colonel Wm. Douglas' Regiment
and others.

August, 1776.

2,000 tropps, Regiments not specified.

English.

Aug., 1776, to Dec. 3d, 1783.

Forces under Major-General Pattison, Buskirk's Battalion
and other troops detailed list not known.

American.

1794 Artillery.

Capt. Cornelius R. Sedam, Sub-Legion.

1795 Artillery.

Captain Alexander Thompson, Corps of Artillerists and
Engineers.

1799 2nd Artillery.

Implied in the recorded burial of Lieut. Robert Heaton, Jr.,
2nd Artillery.

1808 Artillery.
Capt. Richd Wiley.

1810 14.

Colonel Henry Burbeck, Lieut. Vandeventer, Justus, Ad-
jutant of the Artillery.
1811 ist Artillery Major Stoddard.

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COMMANDING GENERALS, POST COMMANDERS, ETC.

1814 Infantry.

Lt.-Col. Tallmadge, Major Delafield.
1815 Artillery, troops.

James House, Lt.-Col., commanding. Charles Anthony,
Adjutant.

1816 'Artillery troops.

Implied in the recorded burial of James H. Boyle, Major
of Artillery.

1819 Artillery troops.

Implied in the recorded burial of Samuel Armstrong, Lieut,
of Artillery.

From 1821-1913 the following list of commanding officers
is furnished by the kindness of The Adjutant-General, Wash-
ington, who states that there are no returns on file previous
to 1821. The early records were destroyed by the British
when they invaded Washington in 1812, and no records be-
tween that date and 1821 are on file.



POST COMMANDERS

I82I-IQI3. ASSUMED

COMMAND

IST LIEUT. GILES PORTER ist Art'y May, 1821

IST LIEUT. PETER MELENDY. . .ist Art'y June and

July, 1821

CAPT. S. CHURCHILL 4th Art'y Aug. and

Sept., 1821

IST LIEUT. GILES PORTER ist Art'y Oct., 1822

CAPT. MILO MASON ist Art'y April, 1823

IST LT. W. WHEELRIGHT. . . . .ist Art'y July, 1823

CAPT. A. C. W. FANNING 2d Art'y Aug., 1823

CAPT. MILO MASON ist Art'y Sept., 1823

CAPT. A. C. W. FANNING 2d Art'y Oct., 1823

IST LT. E. LYON 2d Art'y April, 1824

LT.-COL. WM. McRAE 2d Art'y Aug., 1824

161



HISTORY OF GOVERNOR'S ISLAND

ASSUMED COMMAND

CAPT. R. A. ZANTZINGER 2d Art'y April, 1827

MAJOR I. B. CRANE 4th Art'y Aug., 1828

LT.-COL. A. EUSTIS 4th Art'y June,- 1831

MAJOR I. B. CRANE 4th Art'y Nov., 1831

MAJOR A. C. W. FANNING. . .4th Art'y Feb. 10, 1833

CAPT. B. K. PIERCE 4th Art'y June 2,1834

LT.-COL. A. S. BROOKS 4th Art'y May 2,1835

CAPT. WM. W. TOMPKINS. .. .2d Dragoons ... Sept. 28,1836

LT. JOHN C. PEMBERTON 4th Art'y Aug. 26, 1837

CAPT. WM. L. MCCLINTOCK. . ^d Art'y Oct. 5, 1837

LT. WILLIAM HOFFMAN 6th Inft'y Mch. 23,1837

ASST. SURG. JOSEPH EATON. . .Jany., 1838
IST LT. E. C. Ross 4th Art'y June 30, 1837

CAPT. JOHN ERVING 4th Art'y Sept., 1838

(Entire Regiment)

LT.-COL. A. C. W. FANNING. . .4th Art'y Apr. 30, 1839

COL. D. E. TWIGGS 2d Dragoons. . .June 5, 1839

CAPT. JUSTIN DIMICK ist Art'y Nov., 1839

COL. JAMES BANKHEAD 2d Art'y Aug., 1841

CAPT. CHAS. S. MERCHANT. . .4th Art'y Dec. 10,1841

LT.-COL. A. C. W. FANNING. . .4th Art'y Jan. 2, 1842

COL. JAMES BANKHEAD 2d Art'yi July 2, 1842

CAPT. GABRIEL J. RAINS 7th Inft'y Jan. 13, 1847

COL. I. B. CRANE 4th Art'y Sept. 12, 1848

MAJOR JOHN L. GARDNER 4th Art'y Dec., 1850

MAJOR GABRIEL J. RAINS 7th Inft'y July 26, 1852

LT.-COL. JOHN L. GARDNER . 4th Art'y. .... .Aug. 5, 1852

LT.-COL. M. M. PAYNE 4th Art'y Sept. 26, 1852

CAPT. JOHN T. SPRAGUE 8th Inft'y Nov. 27, 1852

LT.-COL. J. J. ABERCROMBIE.. .2d Inft'y Aug. 2, 1854

MAJOR ELECTUS BACKUS 3d Inft'y July 2,1855

162



COMMANDING GENERALS, POST COMMANDERS, ETC.

ASSUMED COMMAND

MAJOR ALBERMARLE CADY 6th Inft'y July 12,1857

MAJOR THEOPHILUS H.

HOLMES 8th Inft'y July 2, 1859

MAJ. SAMUEL P. HEINTZLE-

MAN ist Inft'y Apr. 14, 1861

LT.-COL. CHARLES F. SMITH. . .ioth Inft'y. . . .May 8, 1861

COL. GUSTAVUS LOOMIS 5th Inft'y Aug. 26, 1861

CAPT. JOHN D. WILKINS 3d Inft'y Aug. 6, 1864

COL. J. D. BOMFORD i6th Inft'y. . . . Sept. 6, 1864

MAJOR M. COGSWELL 8th Init'y Feb. 16, 1865

LT.-COL. JULIUS HAYDEN ioth Inft'y. . . .May 27, 1865

LT.-COL. HENRY D. WALLEN. . . i4th Inft'y Mch. 7, 1867

LT.-COL. THOS. H. NEILL Inft'y May 5,1869

MAJOR M. M. BLUNT I4th Inft'y June 22, 1871

MAJOR JAMES P. ROY 6th Inft'y Feb. 26, 1873

MAJOR R. E. A. CROFTON i7th Inft'y. . . .Oct. 2, 1874

MAJOR ALEX. CHAMBERS 24th Inft'y. . . .Oct. 14, 1876

CAPT. E. G. BUSH ioth Inft'y June 30,1877

CAPT. J. P. SANGER ist Art'y July 3, 1878

CAPT. THOMAS WARD ist Art'y July 2,1880

MAJOR JOHN MENDENHALL. . . ist Art'y Nov. 9, 1880

CAPT. THOMAS WARD ist Art'y Oct. 5,1881

CAPT. F. L. GUENTHER 5th Art'y Nov. 4, 1881

CAPT. W. B. BECK 5th Art'y Nov. 11,1882

MAJOR R. A. JACKSON 5th Art'y Dec. 21, 1882

CAPT. W. F. RANDOLPH 5th Art'y Nov. 7, 1886

MAJOR M. P. MILLER 5th Art'y May 6, 1888

CAPT. W. B. BECK 5th Art'y Dec. 8, 1888

MAJOR TULLY McCREA 5th Art'y May 16, 1889

CAPT. W. B. BECK 5th Art'y June 18, 1889

MAJOR TULLY McCREA 5th Art'y Oct. 9, 1889

163



HISTORY OF GOVERNOR'S ISLAND

ASSUMED COMMAND

MAJOR W. L. HASKIN ist Art'y May 15, 1890

CAPT. P. H. ELLIS I3th Inft'y Oct. 2,1894

L/r.-CoL. W. S. WORTH i3th Inft'y. -Dec. 30, 1894

CAPT. LUIGI LOMIA 5th Art'y Apr. 20,1898

COL. THOMAS H. BARBER. . . j Ist ** Y. ) j une II} ^98

CAPT. THOMAS R. ADAMS 5th Art'y July 8, 1898

( ist Mass. )

LT. E. S. FULLERTON -j Heavy Art'y f - Au & 5> 1898

MAJOR P. H. ELLIS Infantry Sept. 14, 1898

L/r.-CoL. JOHN N. COE I3th Inft'y. . . .Sept. 19, 1898

CAPT. B. K. ROBERTS 5th Art'y Apr. 20, 1899

MAJOR G. A. CORNISH i5th Inft'y. .. .Jan. 23,1900

MAJOR E. R. HILLS 5th Art'y July 24, 1900

MAJOR A. L. MYER nth Inft'y. .. .Aug. ir, 1900

L/r.-CoL. C. L. DAVIS nth Inft'y. . . .Dec. 22, 1900

MAJOR E. R. HILLS Art'y Corps. . .April 7, 1901

CAPT. JOHN CONKLIN Art'y Corps. .. .Aug. 24, 1901

CAPT. ARCHIBALD CAMPBELL. . .Art'y Corps. . .Sept. 9, 1901

MAJOR W. P. DUVALL Art'y Corps. . .Dec. 4, 1901

COL. W. E. DOUGHERTY 8th Inft'y Oct. 12, 1902

CAPT. JOHN STAFFORD 8th Inft'y Jan. 25, 1904

CAPT. W. Y. STAMPER 8th Inft'y Aug. 26,1904

COL. F. A. SMITH 8th Inft'y Aug. 13,1904

MAJ. FRANCIS P. FREMONT. . .5th Inft'y Feb. 20,1906

COL. LEVEN C. ALLEN i2th Inft'y. . . .May 24, 1906

CAPT. MOOR N. FALLS i2th Inft'y. . . .July 16, 1906

CAPT. WINFRED B. CARR C. A. C Aug. 5, 1906

MAJ. J. S. MALLORY i2th Inft'y. . . .Aug. 31, 1906

COL. LEVEN C. ALLEN i2th Inft'y. . . . Sept. 30, 1906

L/r.-CoL. ROBERT F. AMES....i2th Inf t'y . . . . May 27,1908

164



COMMANDING GENERALS, POST COMMANDERS, ETC.



ASSUMED COMMANIi



CAPT. JAMES P. HARBESON. . . . i2th Inft'y June 12, 1908

COL. WM. H. C. BOWEN i2th Inft'y- . - July 15, 1908

MAJ. CHAS. L. BECKURTS 5th Inft'y June 29,1909

COL. H. K. BAILEY 29th Inft'y Sept. 18, 1909

CAPT. J. F. MADDEN, Adjt. . . .29th Inft'y. .. .May 21,1910

CAPT. CHAS. H. PAINE, Q. M. . .29th Inft'y June 12, 1910

CAPT. J. F. MADDEN, Adjt 29th Inft'y. . . July 31, 1910

COL. H. K. BAILEY 29th Inft'y. .. .Aug. 27,1910

CAPT. J. F. MADDEN, Adjt 29th Inft'y Aug. 24, 1911

COL. G. R. CECIL 29th Inft'y. .. .Sept. 3,1911

CAPT. A. C. DALTON, Q. M. . . .29th Inft'y. . . July 6, .1912

COL. G. R. CECIL 29th Inft'y. .. .Aug. 8,1912

COL. JOHN S. MALLORY 29th Inft'y Sept. 10, 1912

INFANTRY COMMANDS.

The Garrison remained an Artillery one till October, 1894.
In June, 1894, the last Artillery command consisted of Bat-
teries B, H, and M, ist Artillery, Major Wm. L. Haskin
commanding.

The command was relieved on October 2nd and 3rd, 1894,
by the arrival of the following companies of the I3th In-
fantry Co. F, Capt. J. Forance; Co. B, Capt. H. Gilman;
Co. D, Capt. P. H. Ellis. Lt.-Colonel Daingerfield Parker
was assigned to the command. He was relieved in 1895 by
Lieut-Colonel W. S. Worth.

The I3th Infantry remained till April 19, 1898, when it was
ordered to Cuba. It returned from Montauk Point in Sep-
tember, 1898, and left for service in the Far East April 28,
1899.

The 1 3th was temporarily relieved by Battery A, 5th Ar-
tillery, Captain Benjamin K. Roberts commanding the Bat-
tery.

A battalion of the nth Infantry, Lieut.-Col. Charles S.

165



COMMANDING GENERALS, POST COMMANDERS, ETC.

Davis commanding the Post, was stationed here from August
12, 1900, to April 7th, 1901.

In April, 1901, Fort Columbus was Garrisoned by the 49th,
52nd and 83rd companies C. A. C. and the 8th Artillery band
under command of Major E. R. Hills.

Headquarters, Band and the 2nd Battalion, 8th Infantry,
under command of Colonel W. E. Dougherty, arrived October
12, 1902, and left for Manila Feby. 19, 1906, under com-
mand of Colonel Frederick A. Smith.

The Headquarters, Band and one Battalion of the I2th
Infantry were stationed here from May 24, 1906, to June 29,
1909, commanded successively by Colonels Leven C. Allen and
W. H. C. Bowen, and were relieved Sept. 18, 1909, by the
Headquarters, Band and 3rd Battalion of the 29th Infantry,
Colonel Hobart K. Bailey in command, the ist and 2d Bat-
talions being at Forts Porter and Niagara respectively.

Colonel Bailey was followed upon his retirement by Colonel
G. R. Cecil Sept. 3, 1911, and Colonel Cecil by Colonel John S.
Mallory, Sept. 10, 1912.



It seems fitting to give in full at this point in the history of
Governor's Island the names of the officers on duty at this
Station. It is obviously impossible to reproduce the roster in
full for a period of one hundred years. The list, therefore,
up to this time has been of commanding officers only. The
following names are of those on duty (June, 1913) at Depart-
ment Headquarters and at Fort Jay, taken from the published
rosters of Department Headquarters and Fort Jay respectively :



HEADQUARTERS EASTERN DEPARTMENT.

GOVERNORS ISLAND, NEW YORK CITY.

MAJ.-GEN. THOMAS H. BARRY commanding.

CAPT. JOHN E. WOODWARD, 29th Infantry, Aide-de-Camp.

166



COMMANDING GENERALS, POST COMMANDERS, ETC.

STAFF.

LIEUT.-COL. WILLIAM G. HAAN, Gen. Staff, Chief of Staff.

COL. SAMUEL W. DUNNING, Officer in Charge of Militia
Affairs.

COL. WILLIAM A. SIMPSON, Adjutant.

LIEUT.-COL. FRANK L. DODDS, Judge Advocate.

COL. STEPHEN C. MILLS, Inspector.

COL. JOHN B. BELLINGER, Quartermaster.

COL. L. MERVIN MAUS, Surgeon.

COL. WILLIAM M. BLACK, Engineer Officer.

COL. ORIN B. MITCHAM, Ordnance Officer, commanding
New York Arsenal.

LIEUT.-COL. SAMUEL REBER, Signal Officer.

ADDITIONAL STAFF.

LIEUT.-COL. BENJAMIN ALVORD, Asst. to Adjutant
LIEUT.-COL. ALFRED E. BRADLEY, Sanitary Inspector.
LIEUT.-COL. WILLIAM C. BROWN, Cav., Acting Inspector.
LIEUT.-COL. ALFRED M. HUNTER, C. A. C., Inspector.

MAJ. WILLIAM B. ROCHESTER, Q. M. Corps, Asst. to Dept.
Quartermaster.

MAJ. WILLIAM E. HORTON, Q. M. Corps, Asst. to Dept.
Quartermaster.

MAJ. GORDON G. HEINER, C. A. C., Acting Inspector.

MAJ. FRANK H. LAWTON, Q. M. Corps, Asst. to Dept.
Quartermaster.

MAJ. ALBERT E. TRUBY, M. C., Attending Surgeon.

CAPT. PAUL GIDDINGS, Q. M. Corps, Asst. to Dept. Quarter-
master.

CAPT. GEORGE D. ARROWSMITH, Q. M. Corps, Asst. to Dept.
Quartermaster.

167



HISTORY OF GOVERNOR'S ISLAND

CAPT. ELISHA G. ABBOTT, S. C, Asst. to Dept. Signal
Officer.

CAPT. JAMES J. MAYES, Inf., Asst. to Dept. Judge Advocate.

MAJOR JAY E. HOFFER, Ord. Dept., Resident at New York
Arsenal, Governor's Island, on duty at Sandy Hook Proving
Ground.



REVD. EDMUND BANKS SMITH, Chaplain.



OFFICERS OF THE 2QTH U. S. INFANTRY ON DUTY AT FORT
JAY, GOVERNOR'S ISLAND, JUNE, 1913.

HEADQUARTERS AND 3RD BATTALION.

COLONEL JOHN S. MALLORY commanding.
MAJOR DOUGLAS SETTLE, commanding 3rd Battalion.
CAPTAIN ROBERT H. ALLEN, Adjutant.
CAPTAIN KIRWAN T. SMITH, Quartermaster.
CAPTAIN HENRY C. CLEMENT, JR., Commissary.
LIEUT. JACOB H. RUDOLPH, Battalion Quartermaster and
Commissary.

IST LIEUT. CARROLL R. BAKER, M. R. C.



CAPTAIN JOHN F. MADDEN, commanding Company K.
CAPTAIN JAMES A. Moss, commanding Company M.
CAPTAIN THOMAS W. DARRAH, commanding Company I.
CAPTAIN GEORGE H. SHELTON, commanding Company L.

168



COMMANDING GENERALS, POST COMMANDERS, ETC.

Lieutenants.

FIRST LIEUTENANT CARROLL B. HODGES, on duty with Com-
pany L.

FIRST LIEUTENANT CHARLES A. DRAVO, on duty with Com-
pany I.

FIRST LIEUTENANT JAMES G. MC!LROY, on duty with Com-
pany K.

SECOND LIEUTENANT JOHN R. EMORY, JR., on duty with
Company I.

SECOND LIEUTENANT WILLIAM E. LARNED, on duty with
Company M.

SECOND LIEUTENANT WILLIAM J. MORRISSEY, on duty with
Company L.

SECOND LIEUTENANT HENRY C. McLEAN, on duty with Com-
pany K.



n Ptr.-


CIRC

HUDSOMWI ah AVENUE SOUfh




ADDENDA



BRITISH REGIMENTS STATIONED ON
GOVERNOR'S ISLAND.

Reference has been made in Chapter II to the Royal Troops
stationed here in the Colonial days. A record of their service
will be of interest on account of their association with Gover-
nor's Island.

II. M. 22d Regiment of Foot, stationed here in 1/67, now
the Cheshire Regiment, served at the Battle of Louisburg,
where Major-General Sir William Pepperell, whose Regiment
was stationed here in 1755, won his title, also at Bunker Hill
and at Quaker Hill.

H. M. 44th Regiment of Foot, now the Essex Regiment,
stationed here in 1767, saw service at Ticonderoga, Fort du
Quesne, Niagara, Brandywine, and the Battle of Long Island,
and later at Bladensburg under Colonel Brooke and at Balti-
more under Major Johnson.

The Regiment of most interest to Americans, however, is
the Royal American Regiment, H. M. Goth Regiment of Foot,
now the King's Royal Rifle Corps, of which H. M. the King
is the Colonel in Chief.

This was raised in 1755, the recruits coming mainly from
Virginia and Maryland, and was organized on Governor's
Island and for many years was on duty here, as mentioned
in Chapter II. Walter Richards in "Her Majesty's Army"
points out that this Regiment and the Rifle Brigade are the
only Infantry Regiments the Chief Officers of which are
denominated Colonel in Chief and Colonel Commandant, and
that a distinctive feature of the King's Rifle Corps is that no
fewer than six Acts of Parliament have been passed concern-
ing it.

"Their first active employment," he says, "was in 1757,
two years after their organization on Governor's Island, when
they were engaged at Charleston, on the Canadian frontier

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ADDENDA

and at the affair of Port William Henry. The following year
(1758) gained for them their first distinction, which com-
memorates the share they had in the 2nd Expedition against
Louisbtirg. Nor was Louisburg the only scene of their
prowes. Six companies were with the British force * * * at
Ticonderoga. They fought at Kingston and Prince Edward's
Island. In 1759 they fought under General Prideaux at Fort
Niagara : some of the Regiment were with Sir Jeffrey Amherst,
while others again were with Wolfe when on the Heights of
Abraham he gained Canada for the British Crown and died
in the gaining.

Here they so distinguished themselves that according to
tradition the gallant Wolfe himself bestowed on them their
motto

CELER ET AUDAX

It does not seem that there exists any positive record of
this fact, but the wording of the order in 1824 giving special
permission for the resumption bears out the theory. The
order was as follows:

SIR:

I have the honour to acquaint you by direction of the
Commander in Chief that His Majesty has been pleased
to permit the 6oth Regiment to resume the motto Celer
et Audax which was won by the Regiment in commemo-
ration of its distinguished bravery whilst employed with
the British Army in North America under Major General
Wolfe in the year 1759.

The Regiment has as a badge a bugle on the glengarry. On
the helmet plate is a bugle and a maltese cross bearing the
motto.

On the cross are the names of the great Regimental battles,
viz. : Louisburg, Quebec, 1759, Roleia, Vimiera, Martinique,
Talavera, Busaco, Fuentes d'Onor, Albuera, Ciudad Rodrigo,
Badajoz, Salamanca, Vittoria, Pyrenees, Nivelle, Nive, Orthes,
Toulouse, Peninsula, Punjaub, Mooltan, Goojerat, South
Africa (1851-3), Delhi, Taku Forts, Pekin, South Africa
(1879), Ahmad Khel, Kandahar (1880), Afghanistan (1878-

172



ADDENDA

80), Egypt (1882-4), Tel-El-Kebir, Chitral, S. Africa (1899-
1902), Defense of Ladysmitli, Relief of Ladysmith."

It is a cause of deep satisfaction to realize that this dis-


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Online LibraryEdmund Banks SmithGovernor's Island; its military history under three flags, 1637-1913 → online text (page 12 of 13)