Edward H. (Edward Henry) Elwell.

Portland and vicinity, with a sketch of Old Orchard beach and other Maine resorts online

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Online LibraryEdward H. (Edward Henry) ElwellPortland and vicinity, with a sketch of Old Orchard beach and other Maine resorts → online text (page 1 of 14)
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COPYRIGHT DEPOSIT



»ecoiid and Revised Cditiou*



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PORTLAND, ME.:

LORING, SHORT & HARMON.

PROVIDENCE, B. I.:

J. A. & R. A. REID, Publishers.



PRICE, 50 CENTS.



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( COAL by the Cargo and at Retail,

j PORTLAND, Me.

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save tiotel and ntlier expense?;, — wtiile tlie los^ of time
in dnjr tra\ clinf^ isavoideil. Arrival Is made in sea-
son fur connection with all divcrifinK lines.

Excursion Tickets to all 'Pleasure
'Resorts at Low 'Rales.

WM. WEEKS, ACT., BOSTON,

I, F. LISCOMB, G, T. AGT., PORTLAND,

J, B. COYLE, JR., GEN. AGT., PORTLAND.



Take the Popular

Portland & Worcester Line,



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Mancliester, Concord, Nashua,

Lowell, Worcester,

Springfield,

And nil point., Soulli and Wewl.



No ("nrriimc Triiiisrcrs ! Hnpid Trniisil !
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Mayors of Portland,

FROM IB77 TO I8BI.
I. MoMt M. Butltt. 2. Gtorgo Walker. 3. William Sonter.



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REVISED EDITION,



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With a Sketch of Old Orchard Beach and
Other Maine Resorts.



By EDWARD H. ELWELL.



ILLUSTRATGD.



.*.






Portland, Me.: LORING, SHORT & HARMON.
Providence, R. I. : J. A. & R. A. REID.

1881.




COPVKIGHT.

J. A. & 11. A. KEID, Providence.

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The early voyagers, as they skirted along the shores of Maine, in the
twilight hours of discovery, were charmed with its secure harbors and noble
rivers, where sheltered groves and grassy banks lured them to the land. In
the attractions of calm waters, and sunny isles clothed with a luxuriant
forest, the bay of which we write excelled all others. Captain John Smith,
the first of Maine tourists, in his account of his famous summer trip along
our shores, in 1614, thus describes it : " Westward of Kennebec is the
Country of Aucocisco, in the bottom of a deep bay full of many great isles,
which divide it into many great harbors." This was Casco £ay, the present
name of which is a corrujjtion of the Indian word Aucocisco^ which, accord-
ing to some authorities, signifies " a resting place," though others give it
the interpretation of crane or heron. In view of the many halcyon retreats
from toil and care which its islands afford, the former would seem to be the
more appropriate designation, though the water fowl indicated by the latter
still frequent the bay.

One can imagine the delight, when this land was new and clothed with
the glamour of surprise, of sailing from the surges of the Atlantic into the
sheltered roadsteads of this bay, along the green shores of its forest-crowned
islands and out-reaching peninsulas, far into the heart of the land, where the
placid waters reflected in their cool depths the verdant foliage which over-
hung them, in the silence and seclusion of a solitude unbroken save by the
songs of birds of varied plumage flitting through "the forest primeval."
No element of beauty was wanting to this miniature archipelago, and the
native inhabitants, who had an eye for sunny spots and grassy glades, made
it a place of frequent resort. They found in its waters an inexhaustible
supply of provisions, and the evidences of their feasts still remain in the
heaps of clam-shells found on 'the shores of the islands.

Here is a little bay, extending from Cape Elizabeth to Cape Small
Point, a distance of about eighteen iniles, with a depth of about twelve
miles, more thickly studded with islands than any water of like extent on
the coast of the United States. Unlike the low, sandy islands of the
Massachusetts coast, these are of the most picturesque forms, while bold



is



POBTLAXD A.\D VfCIXITY.



headlands and peninsulas jut far out into the waters. There is the greatest
possible variety in the forms and grouping of these islands. Some lie in
clusters, sonic are coupled togetlicr by connecting sand-bars, bare at low-
water, while others are solitary and alone. Nearly all of them are indented
with beautiful coves, and crowned with a mingled growth of in:i])li-, oak,
beech, pine and fir, extending often to the water's edge, and reflected in
many a deep inlet and winding channel. In the thick covert of the firs and
spruces are many green, sunny spots, as sheltered and remote as if far
inland, while beneath the wide-spreading oaks and beeches are jileasant
walks and open glades.

These islands are of all sizes, from the little rocky islet, covered by the
sea at high tide, to those which contain thousands of acres and hundreds of
inhabitants. Though some of tliem present bold headlands, there is nothing
barren or desolate in their aspect. For the most part they rise like mounds
of verdure from the sea, forest-crowned, and from their summits one may
behold on the one hand the waves of the Atlantic, breaking almost at his
feet, and on the other, the jilacid waters of the bay, spangled by multitudi-
nous gems of emerald, while in the dim distance he discerns, on the liorizon,
the sublime peaks of the White Mountains. It is impossible to conceive of
any combination of scenery more charming, more romantic, more captiva-
ting to the eye, or more suggestive to the imagination.

It is a popular legend that the islands in Casco Bay nuinljcr three hun-
dred and sixty-five, a compliment to the days of the year which is also
commonly attributed to Lake George, Lake Winnepesaukee, and several
other bodies of water. Whence it had its origin it is impossible to say,
since numerous as are these islands it is not difficult to count them. If
we take down the chart and run our eye over it we see the islands fall
naturally into three divisions or ranges, which we will set down in their
order, beginning each with the island nearest Portland, and running
eastward :

IxxER Kaxgi:. — Mackay's, The Brothers (-2), Ten Pound, Clapboard,
.Stunlevaiit, Basket, Cousins, J^ittlejohn's, Lane's, Moshier's(;i), Crab, Bil)b(.'r's,
Silver (4), two unnamed.

MiDDLK Raxce. — Hog or Diamond (2), Cow, Crow Knob, Chebeague
(2), Crow, Irony, Goose Nest, Little Green, French, Wlialeboat (2), (ioose
("2), Goslin (2), Shelter, Birch, White's, four unnamed.

OiTKK IIan


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Online LibraryEdward H. (Edward Henry) ElwellPortland and vicinity, with a sketch of Old Orchard beach and other Maine resorts → online text (page 1 of 14)