Edward Hoare.

Some account of the early history and genealogy, with pedigrees from 1330, unbroken to the present time, of the families of Hore and Hoare : with all their branches : ... with anecdotes ... of the principal persons mentioned online

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Online LibraryEdward HoareSome account of the early history and genealogy, with pedigrees from 1330, unbroken to the present time, of the families of Hore and Hoare : with all their branches : ... with anecdotes ... of the principal persons mentioned → online text (page 1 of 9)
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in 2010 with funding from

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Readers are particularly requited to strictly follow the line*, tlie capital
letters, and the numbers in tracing tin- different members of the various
families throughout the Volume.


The following account of the Early History and Genealogy of the

Families of Hore and Hoare has engaged my attention for a large number
of years, in consequence of a considerable number of very early deeds and
documents of the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries, with other relics of
the families, having come into my possession, and which have been the
means of assisting me greatly in my investigations and researches, and
guiding me into the proper paths for procuring much which otherwise
might have been unnoticed and unknown.

I have during that period, I may say almost unassisted, amassed
an immense amount of valuable and interesting information, at great
labour, and much expense to myself, and which may prove also hereafter
useful to future members of the families as well as to those now existing.
I have therefore thought it a pity that all this information, obtained at so
great care and labour, should be lost, as would most probably be the case,
if unrecorded, when I shall have passed away; a genealogist seldom arising
in a family, perhaps not even once throughout a century. I have there-
fore resolved on printing a limited number of copies, giving not only very
full and copious pedigrees of all the various families and their different
branches, but also interspersing it throughout, as far as space permitted
me to do so, with anecdotes and incidents in the lives of many of the
principal persons, and my authorities also for many of the transactions
here recorded, thereby reviving the remembrance and the almost now
forgotten memories of the past.

The volume is not published through any ancestral vanity or silly ideas,
neither is it brought forth in hopes of profit or gain. Truth, and truth
alone, has been my only object, my guiding star throughout, and in

seeking it, I have gone to the fountainhead for every information,
regardless of time, expense, or trouble. Nearly all such has been obtained
from Legal sources and evidences, Public Records, Wills, Heraldic and
Funeral "Visitations, Family Deeds and Documents, Broadsides, Parish
Registers, Old Pedigrees, Manuscripts, Family Letters, aud most of the
best Periodicals, Journals, Magazines, and Papers of the times. I have
discarded all hearsay tales, old women's gossip, and foolish fables, and
sifted every thing with care, whilst quietly following my pursuits, and
silently but thoughtfully " Wending on my way."

I now submit it to the various members of the different families herein
interested, and to the public, and in so doing, with the hope that, like its
collector and compiler, they may also find —

Nor rough nor rugged are the ways

Of Hoar Antiquity, but strewn with flowers !

Edward Hoaee.

New Year's Day,


The name and family of Hore and Hoare is one of very great antiquity. The
name is of Eastern origin, and signifies a boundary or mark. It is derived from the
Armoric " Men-har," whence the Celtic " Mein-heir," a boundary stone, whence the
Greek " opoi," and the Latin " horn," an hour being merely a subdivision, a mark, and
a boundary of time. All this will be more fully seen on referring to Mr. William
Hamper's " Essay on Hoar-stones," memorial marks and boundary stones, published
in the " Archasologia," volume xxv., and also separately (Birmingham, 4to, 1820).
The word " hore " and " hoar " has also been used to designate the colour white,
and has thus been used by Chaucer in his " Canterbury Tales," such signification
having been derived from those ancient pillars and monuments of memorial and
boundary — the Hoar-stones, they being universally hoary-headed, and white with
age and antiquity. "When the word "hore" (for this is its earliest spelling) was
first assumed as a surname it is now impossible to decide. Some are inclined to
suppose it was first so used during the Crusades, when surnames became general ;
but this is not so, as the name has been found in much earlier times. Others have
ascribed it to Mount Horeb, the tribe of the Horites, the territory of La Hore,
and even to the Egyptian Deity Horus ; but all this is merely imaginary, and
dealing too far back with the distance and darkness of long past ages. De Burgho
derives the name from the town of Hore, and the Hore Abbey, situated near the
rock of Cashel, in the county of Tipperary, founded about the year 1260.

In the time of King William the Conqueror, there was also a town of the
name Hore in Hampshire, as mentioned in "Domesday Book" for that county;
and at the same period there were lands, meadows, woods, etc., named Hora and
Horam in the county of Suffolk, belonging to Robertus Malet, as may be seen by
reference to the " Domesday Book " for that county.

Families of the name Hore have been found in very early times, and in records
in England, Wales, and Ireland, the adjective " le " being very generally affixed
thereto, as "le Hore ;" they have also been found with the words " de la Sore,"
but not frequently, and in a few instances as " de la Hora."

I will now mention some of the earliest instances of families and persons
of this name which have come under my immediate observation and researches,
and also the various forms in which the name had been spelt, as Sore, Sora, Soor,
Soore, Sorre, Sorey, Sorrie, Horam, Horem, Soar, and Hoare.

1. Alardus le Hore paid fines to King John, in a.d. 1208, for lands in Muriel
in " Com. Buckingham." (" Cap. dom. Westmin.")

2. Walterus le Hore held lands, in the year 1235, of King Henry III., in
Leatherhead, in the county of Surrey, for the service of keeping a house in which
to contain prisoners. (Manning's " History of Surrey," and " Placita Corona 1 ,"
19th year of King Henry III.)

3. Eobertus le Hore was living in London in 1331.


4. Walterus le Hore accompanied the Earl of Northampton, with a large
number of nobles, knights, and other gentlemen of " qualitie," into parts beyond the
sea, on the King's service, and had letters of protection and attorney from King
Edward III., in the year 1337.

5. John Hoor had also similar letters from King Henry IV., in 1405, to
accompany the King's son, the Duke of Lancaster. (Kymer's " Foedera.")

6. The heiress of Hore of Gloucestershire married Henry de Clifford, Lord
of Frainpton, temp. King Henry IV.

7. John Hore was at the siege of Rouen, in the train of King Henry V.

S. Thomas Hoore, or Hore, was a Justice of the Peace for Southwark, in the
year 1496.

9. The heiress of Hore of Marston, in Oxfordshire, married TJn to a Croke, son
of Sir John Croke, the father of Sir Kichard Croke. (See Burke's " Commoners,"
volume i., page 357.)

10. Another family of the name Hore was distinguished in the same county
and also in Cambridgeshire, and possessed the Lordship of Elsefield, in the county
of Oxford, and the Manors of Childerley magna and parva, Lul worth, Boxworth,
and Magna Eavele, in Cambridgeshire ; Wysshawe and Langley, in Warwickshire ;
and Barlee, or Hore's land, in Hertfordshire ; and left Editha Hore its heiress,
who married Thomas Fulthorpe, Esquire, of Barnard Castle; of this same house
was Sir Nicholas Hore, Knight, who, about 1470, married Katherine, daughter of
Sir Thomas Cotton, of Landwade, in Cambridgeshire, Knight. (See Clutterbuck's
" Hertfordshire," Dugdale's " Warwickshire," and Burke's " Commoners," volume
iv., page 712, and various other works.)

11. In Devonshire and Cornwall two ancient families of the name Hore
flourished. From the former are descended the families of the two baronets
of the name Hoare, which are given in the following pages, and which are
supposed, with every probability of reason and truth, and by an early and well-
supported tradition, to be descended from the very ancient family of Hore, of
Pole Hore, in the county of Wexford, in Ireland, and previously from Pembroke,
in Wales, as will be seen treated of here in an abridged form. The families of
the name in Cornwall, in Hertfordshire, and Warwickshire, were not connected
with the Devonshire or Wexford families, their armorial bearings being totally
different. The pedigree and arms of the Cornwall family of Hore of Trenouth,
in that county, will be found in the Heraldic Visitation for the county of Cornwall,
taken in 1620, and among the Harleian Manuscripts in the British Museum. Their
armorial bearings were, Azure, on a bend argent, three torteaux gules. It is a
curious fact that though the word Hore is thus used throughout the entire pedigree,
the last male member of the family, in 1620, signed the Visitation, spelling his
name John Hoare, to which form it would appear he had then changed it. The
Warwickshire family of Hore, of Elmedon, and elsewhere, ended early in co-heirs,
married to Boteler, Hanslap, Pudsey, and others, as may be seen in Dugdale's
" Warwickshire " (volume L, page 34S, and volume ii., page 1001). Their armorial
beariugs were, Argent, a chevron gules, between three stags' heads eabossed of
the last.

In Wales the family was of high distinction, as well as in England, where,
says Verstegan, " I find many of this surname of good note and special regard, in


many places of this kingdom." They held lands in the twelfth century in South
"Wales, after its conquest by the Normans, and acquired considerable estates in the
adjoining shires and counties, holding high martial offices in the Marches of "Wales,
and serving as Sheriffs and representatives in Parliament for their counties and

In the church of Digswell, in Hertfordshire, there is a very fine sepulchral
brass to a Thomas Hoore (thus spelt), a member of the Mercers' Company of
London, with his wife Alicia, his four sons and eight daughters, all represented on
the brass. It is dated March 20th, 1495, the period of his death. It was formerly
over the grave in the nave of the church, but was removed, at the restoration of
the building in the year 1814, within the rails of the Communion table, where it
is now to be seen, with several other brasses. A description of it, with the
inscriptions, will be found in Clutterbuck's " History of Hertfordshire," volume
ii., page 325. A Thomas Hore, supposed to be one of his sons, was rector of
Digswell, at the time of the decease of the member of the Mercers' Company, but
which he resigned in the year 1497, June 1st, having been appointed thereto 13th
of August, 1494, and no mention is made of any person of the name, in after
times, in the parish records. In the books of the Mercers' Company of London
there is only the date of the admission of Thomas Hore as a member of the
Company, in 1457, and the name of the mercer, John Artone, to whom he served
his apprenticeship. On the brass the armorial bearings, impaled with those of bis
wife, are the same as those of the Devonshire family.

In the church of Hayes, near Bromley, in the county of Kent, there is
another brass over the grave of John Hoare, who was rector of the parish of
Hayes, in Orpington, and who deceased in the year 15S4, February 11th, aged 83
years, having been rector over IS years. It is in rhyme, and in Old English black-
letter characters. I give it here in full, as it is very quaint and curious : —

Mlh fame luoulb Ink k must not feare to bue beath is the foaie
Chat leaks ta lief anb glorious |oies that triumphs ouer Claie
Come poore kmaile this ioant, (Come ffrienb c lament # sale with me
fCjiis man bib bp to Ink, anb Inks though beab his bobj> k
foil *1mi uteres a |tertor kre he Was, anb then lohn |)oare
Infoebb, beeeast, one thousanb necres ffube Ijnnbrrb eighty fourc

the n bate of ffekuarie

iuljen Ije hab tnkb 1% score # t\xu.

This John Hoare was a member of the Devonshire family of Risford, near
Chagford, but I am at present unable to say exactly to which particular branch
of the family he belonged, as at this very period I find many of the name John
Hoare scattered among different parts of England. There was formerly the
figure of a priest in canonicals, a likeness and representing the deceased, over the
inscription, but this was cut off and stolen for the sake of the old brass by
some workmen, during the latter part of the last century when the church was
undergoing repairs. In the " Journal of the Archaeological Institute of Great
Britain and Ireland," for the year 1881, will be found a full description of this


interesting brass, communicated by me to that Society, at their meeting,
March 3rd, 1881, volume xxxviii., pages 229, 230, and 231.

There are many early Wills of members and persons of the names Hore and
Hoare in the Prerogative Office of Doctors' Commons, in Somerset House, London,
a large number of which I have examined, and whence I have obtained much
information. I here give the dates and names of those from the middle part of
the fifteenth to the end of the seventeenth century.

145S. Isabella Hore.

1466. Thomas Hoore, or Hore, of Bristol.

1537. Eichard Hore of Norfolk.

1547. William Hore.

1569. Eichard Hore.

1583. Matthew Hore.

1585. John Hore.

1592. Thomas Hore.

1595. Henry Hore.

1597. Eoger Hore.

1598. John Hore.
1602. Thomas Hore.

1622. Augustine Hore of Devonshire.

1626. William Hoare, or Hoore, a Mariner, Owner, and Captain of a ship,

the Angel, of Saint Catherine's, East Smithfield, London.

1628. Edward Hore.

1628. Eichard Hore.

1630. Barbara Hore.

1630. Henry Hore.

1633. Thomas Hore of Middlesex.

1636. Charles Hore of Gloucestershire.

1640. Eobert Hore of Devonshire.

1641. John Hoare of London.

1653. Henry Hore of London.

1654. Ealphe Hore of Saint Botolph's, Aldgate, London.
1654. Phillip Hore of Cornwall.

1654. Thomas Hore of Cornwall.

1655. Henry Hore, or Hoare, of Buckinghamshire.
1657. John Hore of Devonshire.

1676. Elizabeth Hore of Devonshire.

1677. Cecilia Hoare of London.

1677. John Hoore.

1678. Joseph Hoare.

1679. Thomas Hoare of London.

1680. Eichard Hoare of London.

1683. John Hore.

1684. John Hoare of Devonshire.
1684. John Hore of Devonshire.

1696. Edward Hoare, a distiller, at Eatcliffe. parish of Stebeneath (Stepney),


Many of the name Hore sat as Members of Parliament in early times for
various Counties and Boroughs in England. I give the names of those, as taken
from the writs, now preserved in the Hanaper Office, London.

29th Year of King Edward I., 1300-1301.
Radulphus le Hore, for Milborne Port Borough, Somersetshire.

8th Tear of King Edward III., 1333-1.

Thomas le Hore, for the County of Kent.

12th Year of King Edward IIP, 1337-8.

Stephanus le Hore, for Dorchester Borough, Dorsetshire.

22nd Year of King Edward IIP, 1348.
Stephanus le Hore, for Dorchester Borough, Dorsetshire.

8th Year of King Richard IP, 1384.

Willielmus Hore, for the County of Rutland.

8th Year of King Henry Y., 1420.

Willielmus Hore, for the City of Chichester, County of Sussex.

9th Year of King Henry Y., 1421, 31st of March.

Johannes Hore, for Bridport Borough, Dorsetshire.

9th Year of King Henry V., 1421, 10th of November.

Johannes Horey, for the County of Dorset.

3rd Year of King Henry YP, 1425, 29th of March.

Johannes Hore, for the County of Cambridge.

9th Year of King Henry VP, 1430.

"Willielmus Hore, for the City of Chichester, County of Sussex.

15th Year of King Henry VP, 1436-7, 22nd of November, 1436.

Gilbertus Hore, for the County of Cambridge.

7th Year of King William IIP, 1695, 23rd of October.

Roger Hoar, merchant, for Bridgwater Borough, County of Somerset.

10th Year of King William IIP, 1698, 25th of July.
Roger Hoare, Esquire, for Bridgwater Borough, County of Somerset.
A new election took place, 29th of November, 1699, for Bridgwater Borough
vice Roger Hoare, Esquire, deceased.

Having given these particulars so far, which, indeed, I might have increased very
largely, respecting early members of the name and various families, I now proceed
to give the pedigrees of the different families of the names Hore and Hoare, with
their branches, with which I am myself connected, and from which I am directly


( 6 )

^tirisrct of gore an* f&oart*

The Founder of this Family was Eobertus Hore, who, about 1330, married an
heiress of the family of Fforde of Chagford in the county of Devon. A very
ancient and well-grounded tradition existed, well known in very many branches of
the family long separated by time and distance, and supported also by early
pedigrees and manuscripts, that he was a younger brother of "William Le Hore or
Thomas Le Hore, of Pole Hore in the county of Wexford, whose ancestor, Sir
"William Le Hore, was one of the fifty knights who, during the reign of King
Henry the Second, went over from Pembroke in "Wales, with Maurice Fitz Gerald,
Eobert de Barry, Eobert Fitz Stephen, and others, for the conquest of Ireland,
and to whom the estate of Pole Hore and other lands in the county of Wexford
were granted by Strongbow, and which still remain in the possession of his lineal
descendant, the present Philip Herbert Hore, Esq., of Pole Hore. (See the
pedigree of that family in Burke's " Commoners," vol. iv., pp. 712-716.)

The tradition states that this Eobertus Hore was an extremely fine and hand-
some man, who went over to Devonshire to seek his fortune, and while there won
the heart and the affections of the heiress of Fforde of Chagford, and having
married her settled there, and thus became the Founder of the family. The
armorial bearings of both families are in perfect accordance with this tradition,
for an old manuscript of the fourteenth century states thus : " Sir William Le
Hore was one of the fifty knights who went over from Pembroke in Wales for the
conquest of Ireland, and at the siege of Wexford he was the standard-bearer, and
bore the Standard of the Eagle, wherefore in commemoration of such he was given
the eagle with expanded wings as his armorial insignia ; he was also called the
White Knight, in allusion to his name Hore, some suppose from his fair appear-
ance, others say from his suit of white armour, the word hore then signifying the
colour white." The Devonshire family of Hore had for their armorial bearings
the eagle with expanded wings, with two necks, within an engrailed bordure;
these marks in Heraldry are frequently found given to a junior branch of a family
still existing in its senior members and lines.

Eobertus Hore.=i=. . . . heiress of Fforde of Chagford. Married about 1330.


Eobertus Hore.=p. . . .


Eobertus Hore, tertius. With him the pedigree=pAlicia, sole daughter and ]

commences, about the year 1360, in the Heraldic
Visitation for the county of Devon, taken in the
year 1620, and among the Harleian MSS. in the
British Museum. a

by Gracia his wife, of Eowland
de Eisford, of the parish of
Chagford, county of Devon.

Base Silyer

Early Armorial Seal

having the date 1517 on the facet.

It formerly belonged to the ancient Family


Parish of Chagford, Devonshire,

Now in the possession of their descendant,

Captain Edward Hoare

of Factory Hill, County of Cork.

See Pedigrees of Hore and Hoare.

(To face page 7.)


Willeluius Hore, filius et haeres, 4 Eicardus II., 1381/

Eobertus Hore, 20 Eicardus II., 1397.=p. .

Willelmus Hore, 37 Henricus VI., 1459. :

Eobertus Hore, 10 Edwardus IV., 1470.=j=. . .

Willelmus Hore, 20 Henricus VII., 1507. :

"Willelmus Hore, 1G Heuricus=p. . . . filia de Westcott,
VIII., 1525. I com. Devon.

Willelmus Hore, tempore=f=. . . . filia de Perriman,
Beginae Mariso. com. Devon.

1 | 2|


Augustinus Hore. Johannes Hore.=p. . . . filia de


Barnaby Hore.

Obiit sine prole. Buried in the

of Kelley, com.

Married and

Church of Chag-


had a son,

ford in 1644.

David Hore.

Johannes Hore. He=Margaretta de


Maria Hore,

was a Barrister-at-Law. Whyddon,



uxor de

Called to the Bar of the filia Francisci


daughter of


Middle Temple, Lon- de Whyddon,

in the

John Nott,

Gorseu de

don, 25th Feb. 1646, as Armigeri, de

Church of

Esq., of


son and heir of the late Whyddon,


Lapford in

com. Devon.

John Hore, Esq., of com. Devon.

in 1656.

the county

Chagford in the com. of

of Devon.

Devon. Buried in the

Had sis sons

Church of Chagford in

and one

1656. He had no issue.



Willelmus Hore. Born :
in 1602 (setatis 18 in
1620). Of Eisford,
county of Devon ; after-
wards, on the sale of the
Devon property to the
ancestor of the Earl of
Portsmouth, of Edmon-
ton in the county of Mid-
dlesex, and of London.

^Elizabeth Gilpin, daugh-
ter of the Eev. John
Gilpin. She was buried
in the Church of St.
Peter's ad Vincula,
in the Tower of Lon-
don, December 30th
1681. Had seven sons
and one daughter.

2 | 3 | 4 |

Johannes Hore. Born in

1603 (fetatis 17 in 1620).

Thomas Hore. Born in

1604 (jetatis 16 in 1620).

Eobertus Hore. Born in
1606 (fetatis 14 in 1620).


1 | 2|

John Hore, James Here, or Hoare, Surveyor, Warden, and Controller of
Barrister- the Mint. (See Roger Euding's "Annals of the British Coin-

at-Law, age," vol. i., pp. 29,37, 47, and 48, for the dates of his various

of the appointments in the Mint.) He was also the founder of

Middle Hoare's Bank, about 1646, at the sign of the Golden Bottle in

Temple, Cheapside. (See the "Little London Directory " for 1677.) He

London. was also Bauker to Oliver Cromwell. He died at Edmonton,

Died un- countyof Middlesex,the30thof November 1696,and was buried

married. in the interior of the Church of St. Peter's ad Viucula, in the

Tower of London, on the 5th of December 1696. Henry Hoare
— son of Sir Richard Hoare, first Knight, and both then partners
in the Bank, and his cousin — was the administrator of his effects,
as he died without a will. He was twice married, but had no
issue by his second wife. She was Ann Wakefield, widow of
John Wakefield, Merchant, of Austin Friars in the City of
London, having had by her first husband four daughters, co-
heiresses, with large estates in Essex and Cambridgeshire —
the eldest, Dame Elizabeth Neville ; the second, Ann Bostock,
a widow ; third, Mary Wakefield, unmarried ; and fourth,
Sara Wakefield, who married James Hoare, bis son by his first
wife, as see below. By his first wife (name doubtful) he had
one son and two daughters.

James Hoare, Barrister-at-Law, of the
Middle Temple, London. Admitted
June 1st 1663, as son and heir-apparent
of James Hore {ex turre) , of the Tower,
London, Esq. He married (marriage
licence dated 23rd November 166S, he
being then 26 years of age) Sara
Hannah Wakefield, of Nerenaon in the
county of Essex, she being then about
31 years of age. He was buried, vita
pat As, 25th August 1679, at the Church
of St. Peter's ad Vincula, in the Tower
of London. He had one child, James

1 3 4 5 6 7 8 9

Online LibraryEdward HoareSome account of the early history and genealogy, with pedigrees from 1330, unbroken to the present time, of the families of Hore and Hoare : with all their branches : ... with anecdotes ... of the principal persons mentioned → online text (page 1 of 9)