Edward J. (Edward Josiah) Stearns.

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The publicatiou of this discourse is at the repeated rcqiiestof friends
iu Newark and in Baltimore.

The following is from the Newark Daily Advertiser, of September 27 :
An excitement occurred in the House of Prayer, (Episcopal) at
the service on Fast Day. The officiating clergyman, Rev. Mn.
Stearns, who has been temporarily supplying the place of Rev. Mr.
SnACKELFORD, in his discourse, pointedly justified the course of the
South, and denounced the North.

Several members of the congregation left the house, while others
hissed, and the leading Vestryman demanded and proeunnl the manu-
script, which has been laid before the United States District Attorney.

In a subsequent number of tlie same paper appeared the following rejoinder :
To Uie Kditor of the Newark Daily Advertiser:

Allow me to correct two or three mistakes in the paragraph pub-
lished on Friday, respecting what took place at the House of Prayer
last Thursday.

1 . The sermon was horroived, and returned the next day ; had it
been demanded, it would not have been given up, except on compul-

•1. The Senior Warden is a gentleman, and the manuscript did not
pass out of his hands, nor was it even seen by any one but himself.

3. The cojii/ taken by him, and which he had my permission to use
in any way he thought best, may liave been submitted to the District
Attorney. If it was, he is too good a lawyer to have found anytliing
in it requiring or justifying action on his part.

There are some other inaccuracies, but I do not think it worth while

to correct them.

Yours respectfully,

Newark, Sept. 30, 1801. E. J. Stearns.


Those who read the Sermon will see that there is no "justification"
of the course of the South, "pointed" or otherwise, from begining
to end ; the whole question of the right or wrong of that course having
been purposely left untouched, as utterly out of place in the pulpit.

The statements of the sermon might easily be fortified with any
amount of proof, but they are too notoriously true to need substan-


Cambridge, Maryland, Oct. 17, 1861.



Jer. xlvii. 6, 7. — thou sword oi<' the Lord, how long will it be


STILL. How can it be quiet, seeing the Lord hath given it a charge

appointed IT.

The text, bretlireu, is not of my selection: the President, in bis
Proclamation, has virtually, though, I presume, unwittingly, selected
it for me, in setting apart this day, for which the chapter containing it
is the First Morning Lesson according to the Calendar. Accepting
the selection as an appropriate one, let us see what instruction it will
suggest to us.

The phrase, "sword of the Lord," hardly needs explanation. In
the text, it is the sword in the hand of Pharaoh against the Philistines;
in our application of it, which is not only a legitimate, but a peculiarly
appropriate one, it is the sword in the hands of brethren "arrayed for
mutual slaughter." When Gideon and the hundred that were with
him went forth to the battle against the Midianites, at their shout of,
"The sword of the Lord and of Grideon," the Lord set "every man's
sword against his fellow," throughout the host of Midian. Surely, it
is pre-eminently the sword of the Lord, when a nation is made its own

"In civil war" says Ciceko, " all things are miserable, and nothing
more miserable than victory itself." Whichever side is victorious,
the Country is vanquished. A war like that in which we are engaged
is a sight to "make a holiday in hell."

"Devil with devil damned firm concord liolds;
Men, only, disagree!"

" thou sword of the Lord, how long will it be ere thou be quiet V
Put up thyself into thy scabbard, rest, and be still. How can it be
quiet, seeing the Lord hath given it a charge against Ashkelon, and
against the sea-shore V


Tlie question seems to imply that it cannot be (juiet ; but comparing
Scripture with Scripture, we shall see that that is not necessarily its
meaning. The condition on which it can be quiet is not, indeed,
expressed, but there is a condition, nevertheless. The language is
not more absolute and unqualified than that of the prophet against
Nineveh, " Yet forty days and Nineveh shall be overthrown;" yet on
the repentance of the people, the city was spared. Nor was theirs an
exceptional case ; it was in accordance with a fixed principle of the
Divine Government. "At what instant I shall speak concerning a
nation, and concerning a kingdom, to pluck up, and to pull down, and
to destroy it; if that nation, against whom I have pronounced, turn
from their evil, I will repent of the evil that I thought to do unto
them." Jer. xviii. 7.

Repentance, then, is the condition on our part on which the sword
of the Lord may be returned to its scabbard ; repentance as a people,
and not merely as individuals. Let us see, then, what are the especial
sins of which we have been guilty as a people.

There are two parties to the present war. You may call one the
Nation ; the other. Traitors and Rebels ; but practically it is the
North against the South, and the South against the North ; for the
few at the South who sympathize with the North are so few, (especially
if you leave out northern-born, and foreign-born,) that they are not
worth taking into the account. It is, I say, ^>?Tlfc^«t•a?/y, the North
against the South, and the South against the North. \

If I were preaching to Southern men, under circumstances like the
present, I should testify against the sins of the South, (as I have done
on more than one occasion,) and not against the sins of the North;
and preaching, as I am, to Northern men, I should despise myself,
and should deserve to be despised by you, if I could take a difi'erent
course. No, brethren, God forbid that I should preach to you, on an
occasion like this, against another people's sins ! It is such preaching
that has brought us to this pass. The war we are involved in, is God's
judgment upon such preaching. It is not the preaching of the Gospel ;
its spirit is of the bottomless pit. God forbid that I should join hands
with such preaching, or have any sympathy with it. We are gathered
together, not to proclaim another people's sins, but to confess our own.
And they are not far to seek. We shall find them in the proper lesson
from the New Testament* appointed by the Bishop for this Morning's
Service, and which you have already listened to, perhaps without
observing its peculiar appropriateness.

*St. Luke, xii.

The first is Pharisaism, — " Beware of the leaveu of the Pharisees."
This is the crying sin of the North, and it is one that has been grow-
ing on us for years, until we have become not only tinctured, but
saturated, with it. Particuhirly is this the case with the ministers of
some of the leading denominations. (I speak of them as a body, there
are exceptions.) Thirty years ago they preached about the sins of
the heathen. How? In sorrow, not in anger? Why? To move
their people to pity the nations perishing for lack of vision, and send
them the light of the glorious Gospel of the Blessed God. And noble
was the response to their appeal, and noble were the results. Now,
they preach against the sins of the South. How? In anger, not in
sorrow. Why? To move their people to hatred against their
brethren. I am not bearing false witness against my neighbor. I
speak that I do know, and testify that I have seen. Their sermons
have been given to the world by the daily and the weekly press ;
scattered to the four winds by papers that count their readers by tens
of thousands, some of them by hundreds of thousands. I have read
these sermons by scores, and they fully bear me out in my assertion.
Charity itself can say nothing else of their language than that it is not
only calculated, but intended to set North and South by the ears; to
exasperate the one, and to add to the self-righteousness of the other.
These men are not fools ; they know well that Pharisaism, though it
has often made converts to itself, never yet made a convert to Chris-
tianity. And yet they continue year after year to flaunt their own
righteousness and their neighbor's sins in the face of the community,
till, now, you can scarcely meet a Northern man who does not coolly
asxame the superiority of the North over the South in everything that
is "true," and "honest, "and "just," and "pure," and "lovely," and
"of good report." I myself have met with more than one, or two, or
three, such instances in this congregation ; instances, not of a feeling
of personal superiority, but of a most comfortable consciousness of be-
longing to a very superior community. Why even your children are
full of it, and running over with it. To me, who know both parts of
the country thoroughly, who know that, while each has its virtues,
each its faults, nine-tenths of all the infidelity, nine-tenths of all the
divorces, nine-tenths of all the bribery of electors and legislators, is
at the North, all this would be provocative of a smile, were it not for
the terrible calamity it has helped to bring on, and is helping to con-

Nor is it in the bearing of the North toward the South only, that
this Pharisaism has manifested itself: it sticks out (it's a homely
phrase, but I know of no other that will express the truth so forcibly)

in our bearing as a nation toward other nations, in which, though the
South has heretofore had its share, yet the North has been held
mainly responsible, to the extent even, on the part of those nations,
of turning the word "Fankee" from a provincial, into a national,
appellation. "Proud self-sufficiency, boasting complacency in our
institutions and their attendant prosperity, and arrogant disregard of
justice to the weak, and courtesy to the strong, in our national rela-
tions/' are the words of the Bishop of Maryland in his late Pastoral,
under which the people of that Diocese are assembled at this vei-y
hour ; and we know, and all the world knows, that they are true
words. At the breaking out of our present difficulties, we were on
the verge of a war with Pkru : who believes that for such a cause we
should have gone to such an extent, if it had been France, or even
Spain V Who believes that, if Mexico Had been our Northern neigh-
bor, instead of England, we should have consented to a compromise
boundary line from the Kocky Mountains to the Pacific, or that hav-
ing afterwards taken possession of a disputed island, we should, at
her instance, have withdrawn from it the greater part of our forces,
to await further negotiations V And these are but specimens. Our
" otience is rank." It has 'made us to stink" in the nostrils of the
nations, and now, that the day of our retribution is upon us, very
naturully they "laugh at our calamity, and mock when our fear

"Beware of the leaven of the Pharisees, which is hypocrisy."
Pharisee, and hypocrite, seem used interchangeably in the New Tes-
tament : " When thou doest thy alms, do not sound a trumpet before
thee, as the hypocrites do in the synagogue and in the streets, that
they may have glory of men. Verily I say unto you, they have their
reward. * * * * ^n(J ^hen thou prayest, thou shalt not be as the
hypocrites are : for they love to pray standing in the synagogues and
in the corners of the streets, that they may be seen of men. Verily I
say unto you, tliey have their reward." And so in various other places

And as it was in the time of our Lord, so is it in our day : if Phar-
isaism and hypocrisy went together then, they go together now.

I have already spoken of our Pharasaism : now for a few instances
of our hypocrisy.

A merchant ship of ours took license to dig guano from the tempo-
rary revolutionary authority of a petty port in Peru, and was seized
by the legitimate government for violating its revenue laws ; where-
upon, we demanded redress for the seizure, and threatened war in
case of refusal, thus recognizing as de facio a government that ex-
tended only over a mere corner of the country, and so ephemeral that
it lasted, if I recollect aright, but a few days; and yet when England


and France recognized merely as a bellic/erent the "Confederate"
States, embracing nearly one-third of the whole number, and in most
of which there had not been for months previous, and were not likely
to be for months to come, any courts of law, or officers of justice, of
the United States, to execute its behests, we cried out with most vir-
tuous indignation against the recognition as an outrage upon our

We denied the right of a nation to blockade its own ports, when it
was the king of Naples that was to exercise it ; but when it is we that
are to exercise it. Oh ! then it is quite another matter.

In the war of the Revolution, our privateers swarmed upon the
ocean, proving themselves a very important and effective agency in
the acquisition of our independence, and from that time down to the
beginning of the present war, we have recognized privateering as a
legitimate mode of warfare, having, not five years ago, deliberately
refused to consent to its abolition, except upon terms, the acceptance
of which would relieve us of all further need of it ; but now, forsooth,
it is piracy, and we threaten to hang at the yard-arm those who are
taken in it.

Soon after the breaking out of the war, a leading Northern Journal,
whose editor was in the confidence of the Government, recommended
the stirring up of a negro insurrection, and there were plenty to ap-
prove the recommendation ; now, it is reported that the South has
taken into its service a regiment of Indians, — not the wild Indians of
the forest, but the civilized Indians of the Indian Territory, — and we
cry out against it as an act of " Barbarism."

An officer of the United States marches into an enemy's city, in
time of war, enters a public house, goes up to the roof, and strikes
down a flag that the landlord had put upon it : as he comes down the
stairs, the landlord, against overwhelming odds, and at the certainty
of losing his own life, waylays and kills him, and that is assassinatioti ;
a negro is taken prisoner, with others, by a privateer : watching his
opportunity, he steals upon the officers and kills them in their sleep,
and that is heroism.

For months, we have been most vehemently asseverating that the
war we are waging is not waged against the social system of the
South, and have been most virtuously indignant at the (alleged)
studied and persistent misrepresentations of our purposes by Southern
Generals and Journals; now, a General of our own, proclaims freedom
to the slaves of " Rebels," — nine-tenths of the whole number, — and
we endorse the proclamation, and cry out against the President for
modifying it.


For years, our consciences have been reproaching us with our re-
sponsibility for Southern slavery, and we have declared that we wished
the South would withdraw from the Union, but that there was no such
good news; that she couldn't be kicked out. — I, myself, have heard
this language from scores of respectable Northern men; for respectable
men don't always use respectable language. — Now that she takes us
at our word, and relieves us of our responsibility, in the way of our
own choice, and the only possible way, we won't be relieved of it.

For years, we have been twitting the South with being a bill of
expense to us — so we have facetiously termed it — for her Post offices,
Custom Houses, &c. — The stomach, I believe, i^ a bill of expense to
the hands, and causes them a good deal of hard work. — Now that she
is ready to shoulder the burden, or, rather, has shouldered it, we
saddle ourselves with another burden a hundred times as heavy, to get
the old burden back.

Last year, a distinguished Northern Governor and member of the
bar, then a private citizen, addressing a meeting of his fellow citizens,
took exception to one of the watchwords of the hour, "The Union,
the Constitution, and the enforcement of the Laws." Laws were not
made, he said, to be enforced against a community, but only against
exceptional individual transgressors This sentimeut was endorsed a
few weeks after, by 106,000 Northern freemen Now, this same
Grovernor is first among the foremost to enforce them at the cannon's
uiouth; aud the 106,000 say, Amen

Last winter, we were loud in our complaints that Northern men
were arrested at the South, on frivolous charges, aud sent home.
Now, Southern men, whom I know as I know _yoH, and whom, before
God, I believe to be as innocent of crime, are taken from their beds
at midnight, on no charge, and sent aicay from home, to be confined
in Northern fortresses, and not allowed their Constitutional right of a
" speedy and public trial," and to be confronted with their accusers;
and, to clap the climax, not a single reason vouchafed even at the call
of Congress; and yet, our complaints, if any, are few, and not loud.
But, then, it was the Southern bull that gored the Northern ox ; now,
it is the Northern bull that gores the Southern ox ; and that makes all
the diSerence in the world.

Twenty years ago, we moved heaven and earth because the right of
petition was violated in the persons of certain citizens of Massachusetts^
though the petition teas for the dissolution of the Union. Now, a man is
arrested, by the police, in the streets of a neighboring cit}', for trying
to get people to sign a petition to Congress for a restoration of peace.


Fifteen years ago, or thereabouts, the great Northern statesman and
defender of the Constitution, gave utterance to these sentiments :

"Important as I deem it to discuss, on all proper occasions, the
policy of the measures at present pursued, it is still more important to
maintain the right of such discussion in its full and just extent. Senti-
ments lately sprung up, and now growing popular, render it necessary
to be explicit on this point. It is the ancient and constitutional right
of this peo2)le to canvass public measures, and the merits of public
men. It is a homebred right, a fireside privilege. It has ever been
enjoyed in every house, cottage and cabin in the nation. It is not to
be di-awn into controversy. It is as undoubted as the right of breath-
ing the air and walking on the earth. Belonging to private life as a
right, it belongs to public life as a duty; and it is the last duty which
those whose representative I am, shall find me to abandon. This
high constitutional privilege, I shall defend and exercise within this
House, and without this House, and in all places ; in time of tear, in
time of peace, and at all times. Living, I will assert it — dying, I will
assert it; and, should I leave no other legacy to my cliildren, by the
blessing of God, I will leave them the inheritance of free principles,
and the example of a manly, independent, and constitutional defence
of them."

These sentiments went, then, to the universal heart of the North.

Still stronger, only a year ago, was the language of the distinguished
(Jovernor before referred to:

"I care not for the truth or error of the opinions held or uttered,
nor for the wisdom of the words or time of their attempted exjpresaion,
when I consider this great question of fundamental significance — this
great right which must first be secured before society can be said to
stand on any foundation, but only on temporary and capricious props.
Rich or poor, white or black, great or small, Avise or foolish, in season
or out of season, in the right or in the wrong — whosoever will speak,
let him speak, and whosoever will hear, let him hear. And let no
one pretend to the prerogative of judging another man's liberty. In
this respect, there is, and there can be, no superiority of persons, or
privileges, nor the slightest pretext for any."

These words, though uttered in behalf of those who denounced the
Constitution of their country as "a covenant with death, and an
agreement with hell," were vociferously applauded by those who
heard them, and the utterer was soon after placed in the chair of
John Hancock.

This was but one short year ago. Now, in the same part of the
country, and all over the North, newspapers are broken up, their


editors mobbed, freeuieu sought to be browbeaten and dragooned into
the renunciation of their manhood at the bidding of the majority, and
a Eeign of Terror attempted to be inaugurated tliat would put to the
blush that of the French Kevolution. And all this in the name of
Constitutional liberty !

thou sword of the Lord, how long will it be ere thou be quiet ?
Put up thyself into thy scabbard, rest, and be still. How can it be
quiet, when such unblushing hypocrisy stalks through the land ?

"Beware of the leaven of the Pharisees." There is a peculiar ap-
propriateness in the term, in our case. It is the nature of leaven to
puff" up, and thus give seeming at the expense of substance, which,
though a good thing in bread, up to a certain limit, is a bad thing in
a people. It is its nature, also, to make its way secretly through the
mass. Such has been its working in us. Commencing in a little
handful of fanatics, it has diffused itself slowly but surely throughout
the community, till, at length, it has not only leavened the whole
lump, but actually turned it sour. It will be a marvellous alchemy
that shall restore it to its pristine sweetness. Batter, when soured,
is easily sweetened again; but stiff" dough is hard to penetrate.

"And one of the company said unto him, Master, speak to my
brother, that he divide the inheritance with me."

If I were to follow out the train of thought suggested by this part
of the lesson, I should be introducing things that have no business
here. My object in noting the request, is to call your attention to our
Lord's answer ; for it contains a lesson and a warning for us : And he
said unto him, Man, who made me a judge or a divider over you"?

Busybodyism-in-other-mens-matters, is an especial sin of ours. It
came over in the Mayflower, leaving enough behind it to overthrow,
in its madness, the Throne and the Church ; and now, and here, it
has overthrown the country. It has been at the bottom of almost all
our troubles from the beginning, and now it seems bent on following
up its work to the bitter end. thou sword of the Lord, how long
will it be ere thou be quiet? Put up thy self into thy scabbard,
rest, and be still. How can it be quiet, so long as we will insist on
taking God's work into our hands"? He only has the right to inter-
meddle, for with Him only it is not inter mmedling.

Non omnia ■posaumus oinnes. There is a limit to human responsi-
hilitij. A generous and appreciative sympathy with those with whom
we are connected by ties of kindred, or neighborhood, or country, —
an aff'ectionate interest in whatever concerns them as men, and espe-
cially as Christian men , is praiseworthy ; but intruded interference is
offensive to God and man, and would be contemptible, but for its
terrible capability for mischief.


There are many other points, in the lesson, worthy of note, but I
have not time to note them. Let me express the hope that you will
read the Chapter for yourselves, and ponder on it; especially, on
the last paragraph, beginning, "When thou goest with thy adver-
sary to the magistrate," which hints at several stages in a quarrel,
at each of which there is room for reconciliation, but plainly de-
clares a final stage, which once reached, wo may not come out till we
have paid "the very last mite."

Such, brethren, are our faults, — the faults of which we have been
guilty as a people, before the world, and before (!od.

And now, what is the remedy V Repentance. Humiliation before
God, for our Pharisaism as a people, our hypocrisy, our meddling

And the repentance, to be worth anything, must bring forth " fruits
meet for repentance." If, by lifting ray finger, I could bring back
the Country to where it was last year, I would not do it, unless I
could bring back the old feeling of brotherhood ; and that the events
of the last few weeks have, T fear, rendered impossible. Said Burke,
in 1780, "I confess to you freely, that the sufferings and distresses of


Online LibraryEdward J. (Edward Josiah) StearnsThe sword of the Lord: a sermon preached in the House of prayer (Volume 1) → online text (page 1 of 2)