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Intcrnatbnal Crttical €ammtninx^

on tlje Pol^ Striptur^s of llj£ #lb aittr
|Ub3 Ctstamtnts.

UNDER THE EDITORSHIP OF

The Rev. CHARLES AUGUSTUS BRIGGS, D.D., D.Litt.,

Graduate Professor of Theological Encyclopeedia and Symbolics,
Union Theological Seminary, New York ;



The Rev. SAMUEL ROLLES DRIVER, D.D., D.Litt.,

Regius Professor of Hebrew, 0.iford ;

The Rev. ALFRED PLUMMER, M.A., D.D.,

Sometime Master of University College, Durhatn.



The International

Critical Commentary

On the Holy Scriptures of the Old and
New Testaments



EDITORS' PREFACE



THERE are now before the public many Commentaries,
written by British and American divines, of a popular
or homiletical character. The Cambridge Bible for
Schools, the Handbooks for Bible Classes and Private Students,
The Speaker's Cotmnentary, The Popular Commentary (Schaff),
The Expositor s Bible, and other similar series, have their
special place and importance. But they do not enter into the
field of Critical Biblical scholarship occupied by such series of
Commentaries as the Kurzgefasstes exegetisches Handbuch zum
A. T. ; De Wette's Kurzgefasstes exegetisches Handbuch zum
N. T. ; Meyer's Kritisch-exegedscher Komtnetitar ; Keil and
Delitzsch's Biblischer Comme?ifar iiber das A. T. ; Lange's
Theologisch-homiletisches Bibelwerk ; Nowack's Handkommentar
zum A. T. ; Holtzmann's Ha?idkommentar zum N. T Several
of these have been translated, edited, and in some cases enlarged
and adapted, for the English-speaking public ; others are in
process of translation. But no corresponding series by British
or American divines has hitherto been produced. The way has
been prepared by special Commentaries by Cheyne, Ellicott,
Kalisch, Lightfoot, Perowne, Westcott, and others; and the
time has come, in the judgment of the projectors of this enter-
prise, when it is practicable to combine British and American
scholars in the production of a critical, comprehensive
Commentary that will be abreast of modern biblical scholarship,
and in a measure lead its van.



The International Critical Commentary

Messrs. Charles Scribner's Sons of New York, and Messrs.
T. & T. Clark of Edinburgh, propose to publish such a series
of Commentaries on the Old and New Testaments, under the
editorship of Prof. C. A. Briggs, D.D., D.Litt., in America, and
of Prof. S. R. Driver, D.D., D.Litt., for the Old Testament, and
the Rev. Alfred Plummer, D.D., for the New Testament, in
Great Britain.

The Commentaries will be international and inter-confessional,
and will be free from polemical and ecclesiastical bias. They
will be based upon a thorough critical study of the original texts
of the Bible, and upon critical methods of interpretation. They
are designed chiefly for students and clergymen, and will be
written in a compact style. Each book will be preceded by an
Introduction, stating the results of criticism upon it, and discuss-
ing impartially the questions still remaining open. The details
of criticism will appear in their proper place in the body of the
Commentary. Each section of the Text will be introduced
with a paraphrase, or summary of contents. Technical details
of textual and philological criticism will, as a rule, be kept
distinct from matter of a more general character ; and in the
Old Testament the exegetical notes will be arranged, as far as
possible, so as to be serviceable to students not acquainted with
Hebrew. The History of Interpretation of the Books will be
dealt with, when necessary, in the Introductions, with critical
notices of the most important literature of the subject. Historical
and Archaeological questions, as well as questions of Biblical
Theology, are included in the plan of the Commentaries, but
not Practical or Homiletical Exegesis. The Volumes will con-
stitute a uniform series.



The International Critical Commentary



ARRANGEMENT OF VOLUMES AND AUTHORS
THE OLD TESTAMENT

GENESIS. The Rev. John Skinner, D.D., Principal and Professor oi
Old Testament Language and Literature, College of Presbyteriaji Churoii
of England, Cambridge, England. [Now Ready.

CXODUS. The Rev. A. R. S.Kennedy, D.D., Professor of Hebrew,
University of Edinburgh.

LEVITICUS. J. F. Stenning, M.A., Fellow of Wadham College, Oxford.

NUMBERS. The Rev. G. Buchanan Gray, D.D., Professor of Hebrew,
Mansfield College, Oxford. \_Now Ready.

DEUTERONOMY. The Rev. S. R. Driver, D.D., D.Litt, Regius Pro-
fessor of Hebrew, Oxford. [Now Ready.

JOSHUA. The Rev, George Adam Smith, D.D., LL.D., Professor of
Hebrew, United Free Church College, Glasgow.

JUDGES. The Rev. George Moore, D.D., LL.D., Professor of Theol-
ogy, Harvard University, Cambridge, Mass. [Ncnu Ready.

SAMUEL. The Rev. H. P. Smith, D.D., Professor of Old Testament
I-iterature and History of Religion, Meadville, Pa. [Noiv Ready.

KINGS. The Rev. Francis Brown, D.D., D.Litt., LL.D., President
and Professor of Hebrew and Cognate Languages, Union Theological
Seminary, New York City.

CHRONICLES. The Rev. Edv^^ard L. Curtis, D.D., Professor of

Hebrew, Yale University, New Haven, Conn. \Now Ready.

EZRA AND NEHEMIAH. The Rev. L.W. Batten, Ph.D., D.D., Rector

of St. Mark's Church, New York City, sometime Professor of Hebrew,
P. E. Divinity School, Philadelphia.

PSALMS. The Rev. Chas. A. Briggs, D.D., D.Litt., Graduate Fro-
fessor of Theological Encyclopeedia and Symbolics, Union Theological
Seminary, New York. [2 vols. Now Read"

PROVERBS. The Rev. C. H. Toy, D.D., LL.D., Professor of Hebrew,
Harvard University, Cambridge, Mass. [Now Ready.

JOB. The Rev. S. R. Driver, D.D., D.Litt., Regius Professor of He-
brew, Oxford.



The International Critical Commentary



ISAIAH. Chaps. I-XXXIX. The Rev. G. Buchanan Gray, D.D.,
Professor of Hebrew, Mansfield College, Oxford.

ISAIAH. Chaps. XL-LXVI. The Rev. A. S. Peake, M. A., D.D., Dean
of tlie Theological Faculty of the Victoria University and Professor of
Biblical Exegesis in the University of Manchester, England.

JEREMIAH. The Rev. A. F. Kirkpatrick, D.D., Dean of Ely, sometime
Regius Professor of Hebrew, Cambridge, England.

EZEKIEL. The Rev. G. A. Cooke, M.A., Oriel Professor of the Inter-
pretation of Holy Scripture, University of Oxford, and the Rev. Charle.s F.
BURNEY, D. Litt., Fellow and Lecturer in Hebrew, St. John's College, Oxford.

DANIEL. The Rev. John P. Peters, Ph.D., D.D., sometime Professor
of Helirew, P. E. Divinity School, Philadelphia, now Rector of St.
Michael's Church, New York City.

AMOS AND HOSEA. W. R. Harper, Ph.D., LL.D., sometime Presi-
dent of the University of Chicago, Illinois. [A^(nv Ready.

MICAH TO HAGGAI. Prof. JOHN P. SMITH, University of Chicago;
Prof. Chari.es p. Faonani, D.D., Union Theological Seminary, New
York; W. Haye.s Ward, D.D., LL.D., Editor of The Independent, New
York; Prof. Jui.U'S A. Bewer, Union Theological Seminary, New York,
and Prof. H. G. Mitchell, D.D., Boston University.

ZECHARIAH TO JONAH. Prof. II. G. Mitchell, D.D., Prof. John
P. Smith and Pruf. J. A. Bewer.

ESTHER. The Rev. L. B. Baton, Ph.D., Professor of Hebrew, Hart-
ford Theological Seminary. \Nov} Ready.

ECCLESIASTES. Prof. George A. Barton, Ph.D., Professor of Bibli-
cal Literature, Bryn Mawr College, Pa. \^A'o-u> Ready.

RUTH. SONG OF SONGS AND LAMENTATIONS. Rev. CHARLES A.
BRir.d.s, D.D., D.Ivitl., Graciuate Professor f)f Theological Encyclopaedia
and Symbolics, Union Theological Seminary, New York.



THE NEW TESTAMENT

ST. MATTHEW. The Rev. WiLi.our.Hnv C. Allen, M.A., Fellow and
Lecturer in Theology and Hebrew, Exeter College, Oxford. \ Now Ready.

ST. MARK. Rev. E. P. GouLD, D.D., sometime Professor of New Testa-
ment Literature, P. E. Divinity School, Philadelphia. \^A^o~lu Ready.

8T. LUKE. The Rev. Alfred Plummer, D.D., iometime Master of
University College, Durham. \_N^m> Ready.



The International Critical Commentary



ST. JOHN. The Very Rev. John Henry Bernard, D.D., Dean of St.
Patrick's and Lecturer in Divinity, University of Dublin.

HARMONY OF THE GOSPELS. The Rev. William Sanday, D.D.,
LL.D., Lady Margaret Professor of Divinity, Oxford, ana the Rev. WlL-
LOUGHBY C. Allen, M.A., Fellow and Lecturer in Divinity and Hebrew,
Exeter College, Oxford.

ACTS. The Rev. C. H. Turner, D.D., Fellow of Magdalen College,
Oxford, and the Rev. H. N. Bate, M.A., Examining Chaplain to the
Bishop of London.

ROMANS. The Rev. William Sanday, D.D., LL.D., Lady Margaret
Professor of Divinity and Canon of Christ Church, Oxford, and the Rev.
A. C. Headlam, M.A., D.D., Principal of King's College, London.

lA^o'cu Ready.

CORINTHIANS. The Right Rev. Arch. Robertson, D.D., LL.D., Lord
Bishop of Exeter, the Rev. Alfred Plummer, D.D.,and Dawson Walker,
D.D., Theological Tutor in the University of Durham.

GALATIANS. The Rev. Ernest D. Burton, D.D., Professor of New
Testament Literature, University of Chicago.

EPHESIANS AND COLOSSIANS. The Rev. T. K. Abbott, B.D.,
D.Litt., sometime Professor of Biblical Greek, Trinity College, Dublin, now
Librarian of the same. \^t\ow Ready.

PHILIPPIANS AND PHJLEMON. The Rev. Marvin R. Vincent,
D. D., Professor of Biblical Literature, Union Theological Seminary, New
York City. \Now Ready.

THESSALONIANS. The Rev. James E. Frame, M.A., Professor of
Biblical Theology, Union Theological Seminary, New York.

THE PASTORAL EPISTLES. The Rev. Walter Lock, D.D., Warden

of Keble College and Professor of Exegesis, Oxford.

HEBREWS. The Rev. A. Nairne, M.A., Professor of Hebrew in King's
College, London.

ST. JAMES. The Rev. James H. Ropes, D.D., Bussey Professor of New
Testament Criticism in Harvard University.

PETER AND JUDE. The Rev. Charles Bigg, D.D., sometime Regius
Professor of Ecclesiastical History and Canon of Christ Church, Oxford.

[AW* Ready.

THE EPISTLES OF ST. JOHN. The Rev. E. A. Brooke, B.D., Fellow
and Divinity Lecturer in King's College, Cambridge.

REVELATION. The Rev. Robert H. Charles, M.A., D.D., sometime
Professor of Biblical Greek in the University of Dublin.



THE BOOKS OF CHRONICLES



The International Critical Commentary



i OF Pfi/S^

.MAY 7 1957
A \%



CRITICAL AND EXEGETICAL
COMMENTARY



ON



THE BOOKS OF CHEONICLES



EDWARD LEWIS CURTIS, Ph.D., D.D. I

PROFESSOR OF THE HEBREW LANGUAGE AND LITERATURE IN THE
DIVINITY SCHOOL OF YALE UNIVERSITY

AND

ALBERT ALONZO MADSEN, Ph.D.

PASTOR OF THE FIRST CONGREGATIONAL CHURCH AT
NEWBURGH, N. Y



NEW YORK

CHARLES SCRIBNER'S SONS

1910



Copyright, iqio, by
CHARLES SCRIBXER'S SONS

Published June, igio




TO

BENJAMIN WISNER BACON

FRANK CHAMBERLAIN PORTER

AND

WILLISTON WALKER

OF THE

FACULTY OF THE YALE DIVINITY SCHOOL

THIS WORK IS DEDICATED IN

RECOGNITION OF AFFECTIONATE COMRADESHIP

DURING MANY YEARS



PREFACE

THIS Commentary has been prepared not less for the readers
of the Revised Version of the English Bible than for those
of the Hebrew Text. Hebrew words, it is true, appear at
times in the main comment. They have been frequently intro-
duced to illustrate the origin of different readings arising through
a similarity of letters; then their force is clear without a knowledge
of the language. They also appear in connection with certain
genealogies, notably those of i Ch. VH, VHI, where without
their introduction critical comment would be impossible. Else-
where in ignoring them the reader unacquainted with Hebrew will
find the comment clear though less ample.

The Books of Chronicles are secondary; they are of interest
mainly through the new view which they give of Israel's history
compared with the earlier narratives. This fact has been con-
stantly kept in mind in the preparation of this Commentary.
Certain readers will doubtless feel that conclusions in details should
have been given with more dogmatism and that the word "prob-
ably" should less often occur. But about many matters of detail
I am far from certain, although I have no doubt of the general
historical, or rather unhistorical, character of Chronicles. I have
aimed also to make the work comprehensive in giving the opinions
of others.

In regard to the literary structure of i and 2 Chronicles I cannot
follow the view of those who regard the author throughout as a
mere copyist, nor yet of those who hold that apart from his Old
Testament quotations he composed freely with no recourse for
information to other written sources. I have given the view of a
free composition but allowed a recourse to non-canonical written
sources. I have given marks of unity of style in portions alleged
by some to come from other writers, although I am fully aware



viii PREFACE

thai if the Chronicler were a copyist these marks of unity might
be due to his main source. I have little sympathy with that sub-
jective criticism which prescribes beforehand an author's scheme
of composition and then regards all contrary to this scheme as
interpolations or supplements. Inconsistencies or redundancies
are not proofs of a lack of unity of authorship, especially in the
work of the Chronicler.

Agreeably to the other volumes of this series, Yaliweh appears
regularly as the name of Israel's deity. But this transliteration of
Yodh (^) by y and Waw (1) by w has not been applied in other
I)roper names, since in a commentary on books containing so
many proper names as i and 2 Chronicles, designed to be used
in connection with the Revised English Version, it seemed best to
retain the spelling of the proper names given in that version.
Medial Alepli (S) and initial, medial, and final 'Ayin (j,*) in italicised
names on their first appearance, but not necessarily on their
immediate repetition or in juxtaposition with the Hebrew letters,
have been represented by the smooth and rough breathings (").
The hard letters Heth (n), Telh (D), SadJie {'i), and Koph (p)
have been represented by h, i, z, and k. (The introduction of s
instead of z would have been too violent a change.) But none of
these marks have been introduced, except incidentally, in the
Roman type, and in some familiar names like that of Israel they
do not appear. Modern geograj^hical names appear in the spelling
of the authorities cited.

The comi)Ietion of this volume had already been much delayed
through serious illness, when in January, 1906, I suddenly lost
tlie sight of nearly one-half the field of vision in both eyes. I felt
then that I should relinquish my task, but Professor Briggs, the
general editor, persuaded me to continue it and kindly allowed me
to use the services of an assistant. I was fortunate in securing
those of Doctor Madsen, a pupil of Prof. C. C. Torrey. He has
worked jointly with m.c upon the book since that date, and while
I am solely respon.sible for the work, his name properly appears
upon the title-page. The parts which he has especially prepared
under my direction arc sections seven, eight, and of nine the
Literature, of the Introduction, the commentary and notes on



PREFACE ix

I Ch. XXI-XXIX, which had formed the subject of his doctor's
thesis, and the textual notes on 2 Ch. XX-XXXVI. He has also
amplified my own comment and textual notes on other portions
and contributed notes on the composition of i Ch. I-IX, XV, XVI,
and 2 Ch. I-IX. He worked out the restoration of the genealog}^
of Zebulun, i Ch. VII, and I am also indebted to him for most
efficient aid in preparing the manuscript for the press and in
proof-reading.

I wish also to express my appreciation for assistance rendered
in many ways by Prof. C. C. Torrey, of Yale University. Too
much cannot be said of the care exercised by the publishers in
carrying this work through the press.

This volume has many shortcomings, but I trust that it will fill a
needed place, since nothing similar has been published in English
later than Zoeckler's commentary in Lange's Commentary in 1876.

EDWARD LEWIS CURTIS.

New Haven, Conn.,

May, 1910,



CONTENTS



PAGE

PREFACE vii



ABBREVIATIONS



INTRODUCTION:

Name and Order



§ 2

§ 3

§ 4

§ S

§ 6

§ 7

§ 8

§ 9



The Relation of Chronicles to Ezra and Nehemiah 2

Date 5

Plan, Purpose, and Historical Value 6

The Religious Value 16

Sources 17

Peculiarities of Diction 27

Hebrew Text and the Versions 36

The Higher Criticism and Literature .... 44



COMMENTARY ON 1 CHRONICLES:

I-IX. Genealogical Tables with Geographical

AND Historical Notices 57

X-XXIX. The History of David 180

COMMENTARY ON 2 CHRONICLES:

I-IX. The History of Solomon 313

X-XXXVI. The History of Judah from Rehoboam until

THE Exile 362

ADDENDA 527

INDEXES 529



ABBREVIATIONS.



A

ARV.

ARVm.

AV.

D

Dtic.



ERV.

EVs.



I. TEXTS AND VERSIONS.



Arabic Version.
American Revised

Version.
American Revised

Version, marginal

reading.
Authorized Ver-



Deuteronomlc por-
tions of the Old
Testament, or
their author.

Deuteronomic.

Elohistic (Ephra-
imitic) portions
of the Hexateuch,
or their author.

English Revised
Version.

English Versions.



= Received Greek
Version,
(of I Esd.) = The Greek te.xt of
I Esdras (prob-
ably original Sep-
tuagint and avail-
able for 2 Ch. 35.
36).



(gConip.



H
Hex.

J
JE



Original Greek
where leading
MSS. (uncials)
are corrupt.

Sinaitic codex.

Alexandrian codex.

Vatican codex (as
pub. by Swete).

Complutensian edi-
tion (1514-17).

Lucianic recension
(Lagarde's edi-
tion).

Basilian - Vatican
codex (= XI
Holmes and Par-
sons).

Hebrew consonant-
al text.

Holiness Code of
the Hexateuch.

Hexateuch.



= Yahwistic (Judaic)
portions of the
Hexateuch, or
their author.
The narrative of J
and E combined.



XIV
Kt.

m

M

NT.
OT.
P



ABBREVIATIONS



Knhib, the He-


Qr.


= Q«re, the Hebrew


brew text as writ-




text as read.


ten.






Old Latin Version.


R
RV.


= Redactor, or editor.
= Revised Version.


The Massoretic


RVm.


= Revised Version,


pointed te.xt.




marginal r e a d -


Kittel's primary




ing


Midrashic source






of the Chronicler.
Kittel's secondary


»


= Syriac P e s h i 1 1 o
Version.


Midrashic source
of the Chronicler.


»■''


= Ambrosian codex.


New Testament.


Ul


= Targum or .Aramaic


Old Testament.




Version.


Priestly portions of


B


= Vulgate Version


the He.xateuch, or


B*


= Amiatine codex.


their author.


Vrss.


= Versions, ancient.



II. BOOKS OF THE OLD AND NEW TESTAMENTS.



Am.


= Amos.


Ez.


= Ezekiel.






Ezr.


= Ezra.


BS.


= The Wisdom of








Jesus Ben Sira,


Gal.


= Galatians.




or Ecclesiasticus.


On.


= Genesis.


i,2Ch.

Ch.
Col.

I, 2 Cor.
Ct.


= 1,2 Chronicles.
= id., taken together.
= Colossians.
= I, 2 Corinthians.
= Canticles = The


Hb.
Heb.
Hg.
Ho.


= Habakkuk
= Hebrews.
= Haggai.
= Hosea.




Song of Songs.


Is


= Isaiah.


Dn.


= Daniel.






Dt.


= Deuteronomy.


Jb.
Je.


= Job.

= Jeremiah.


Ec.


= Ecclesiastes.


Jn.


= John.


Eph.


= Ephesians.


Jo.


= Joel.


I, 2 Esd.


= 1,2 Esdras.


Jon.


= Jonah.


Est.


= Esther.


Jos.


= Joshua.


Ex.


= Exodus.


Ju.


= Judges.



ABBREVIATIONS



XV



I, 2K.


=


I, 2 Kings.


Ps.


= Psalms.


K.


=


id., taken together.


Rev.


= Revelation.


La.


=


Lamentations.


Rom.


= Romans.


Lk.


=


Luke.


Ru.


= Ruth.


Lv.


=


Leviticus.


I, 2S.


= 1,2 Samuel.


Mai.


=


Malachi.


S.


= id., taken together.


I, 2 Mac.


=


I, 2 Maccabees.


S.-K.


= The books of Sam-


Mi.


=


Micah.




uel and Kings


Mk.


=


Mark.




taken together.


Mt.


=


Matthew.


I, 2 Thes.


= I, 2 Thessalonians.


Na.


=


Nahum.


I, 2 Tim.


= 1,2 Timothy.


Ne.


=


Nehemiah.


Tob.


= Tob it.


Nu.


=


Numbers.


Wisd.


= Wisdom of Solo-


Ob.


=


Obadiah.




mon.


PhU.


a=


Philippians.


Zc.


= Zechariah.


Pr.


'^


Proverbs.


Zp.


= Zephaniah.



III. AUTHORS AND WRITINGS.



AHT.


= Ancient Heb. Tra-


Ball


= C. J. Ball.




ditions, see Horn.


SBOT.


= id., Genesis in Sa-


AJSL.


= American Journal




cred Books of the




of Semitic Lan-




OT.




guages and Lit-


Baud.


= W. von Baudissen.




eratures.


BDB.


= Hebrew and Eng-


ATC.


= Apparatus for the




lish Lexicon of




Textual Criticistn




the OT., edited by




of Ch.-Ezr.-Ne.,




F. Brown, S. R.




see Tor.




Driver, C A.
Briggs.


Ba.


= W. E. Barnes,


Be.


= E. Bertheau, Die




Chronicles in The




Biicher der Chro-




Cambridge Bible.




nil^ in Hand-


Baed.


= Karl Baedeker,




buch zum A. T.




Palestine and


Bennett


= W. H. Bennett.




Syria (cited in


SBOT.


= id., Joshua in Sa-




second and fourth




cred Books of the




editions).




OT.



XVI
Bn.



ABBREVIATIONS



Arch.



Boch.

Boe.

Bu.



SBOT.



Bue.
Buhl
GAP.

Bur.



CHV.



Cor.
COT.



■■ J. Benzinger, Die
B ilche r de r
Konige and Die
BUcher der Chro-
nik in Kurzer
Hand - Com men-
tar.
■■ id., Hebrdische Ar-

chceologie.
■ S. Bochart.
: F. Bottcher.
K. Budde, Richter
und Samuel in
Kurzer H and-
Commentar zum
A. T.
id., Samuel in .S'(/-
cred Books of the
OT.
A. Biichler.
F. Buhl.
id., Geograpliie des

Alteii Paliistina.
C. F. Burney, Notes
on the Hebrew
Text of Kings.

Composition and
Historical Value
of Ezra-Nehe-
miah, see Tor.

C. H. Cornill.

The Cuneiform In-
scriptions and
the OT. (Eng.
trans, of A'/ir.2),
see Sch.



Dav.




= A. B. Davidson.


Syn


§


= id., Hebrew Syn-
tax.


DB.




= Dictionary of the
Bible, usually
Hastings'.



Del.



Del.
Par.

Dill.
Dr.
Dt.



Gn.
LOT.
TH.
TS.

EBi.

EHSP.

Ew.
E\v. §

Hist.



Exp.
Expos. T.

GAP.



- Franz Delitzsch

(alw. when not
followed by Par.,
V. i.).

- Friedrich Delitzsch.
= id.. Wo lag das

Parodies?

- August Dillmann.
= S. R. Driver.

= id., Deuteronomy \n
The International
Critical Commen-
tary.

■■ id. , Genesis in
Westminster Com-
mentaries.

- id., An Introduction
to the Literature of
the OT.

■■ id., A Treatise on tlie
Use of the Tenses
in Hebrews.

■■ id., Notes on tlie
Hebrew Text of
the Books of Sam-
uel.

Encyclopcrdia Bib-
lica.

Early Hist, of Syria
and Pal., see Pa.

H. Ewald.

id., Hebrew Gram-
mar.

id., History of Is-
rael (Eng. trans,
of his Geschichte
d. V. Israel).

The Expositor.

Tlie Expository
Times.

Geographie des Al-
ien Palastina by
F. Buhl.



ABBREVIATIONS



XVI 1



GAS.


= George Adam


H-J.


= W. R. Harvey-




Smith.




Jellie.


HGHL.


= id., The Historical


HJP.


= History of the Jew-




Geography of the




ish People, see




Holy Land.




Schiir.


J.


= id., Jerusalem front


Holz.


= H. Holzinger.




the Earliest Times


Gn.


= id., Genesis in Kur-




to A. D. 70.




zer Hand-Com-


Ges.


= W. Gesenius, He-




mentar.




brew Grammar,


Horn.


= F. Hommel.




ed. E. Kautzsch


AHT.


= id.. Ancient He-




(Eng. trans, by




brew Traditions.




Collins and Cow-


HPM.


— History, Prophecy




ley).




and the Monu-


GFM.


= George Foot




ments, see McC.




Moore.


Hpt.


= Paul Haupt.


Gin.


= C. D. Ginsburg.


HWB}^


= Gesenius' Hebrd-


GI.


= E. Glaser.




isches und Ara-


Skiz.


= id., Skizze der




mdisches Hand-




Geschichte und




worterbuch ilber




Geographic Ara-




das A. T., ed.




biens, vol. II.




Buhl.


Graf


= K. H. Graf.






GB.


= id., Gesch. Bilcher

d. A. T.
= G. B. Gray.
= id., Hebrew Proper


JBL.


= Journal of Biblical


Gray

HPN.


JE.


Literature.
= Jewish Encyclopae-
dia,


Nu.

Gu.
On.


Names.

= id.. Numbers in In-
ternational Criti-
cal Commentary.

= H. Gunkel.

= id.. Genesis in


Jen.
Kosmol.

J. H. Mich.


= P. Jensen.

= id.. Die Kosmolo-

gie der Babylonier.
= J. H. Michaelis,

Uberiores Adnot.

in Chron.
= FI. Josephus.
= Antiquities.




Hafidkommentar
z.A. T.


Jos.
Ant.






BJ.


= Bell. Jud.


HC.


= Kurzer Hand-


c. Ap.


= contra Apionem.




Commentar zum


JPT.


= Jahrbiicherfiir prat-




A. T.




es tantische The-


HCM.


= Higher Criticism




ologie.




and the Mo7iu-


JQR.


— Jewish Quarterly




ments, see Sayce.




Review.


Hdt.


= Herodotus.






Hitz.


= F. Hitzig.


Kamp.


= A. Kamphausen.



XVlll


ABBREV


lATIONS




KAT.''


= Die Keilinschriften


HPM.


= id., History, Proph-




u. d. A. T., see




ecy and the Mon-




Winck.



Online LibraryEdward Lewis CurtisA critical and exegetical commentary on the books of Chronicles → online text (page 1 of 57)