Edward Manning] [Ruttenber.

Historical sketch [of Newburgh, N.Y.] online

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extended to what is now Third street, and the ferry ran
from a point just north of the Mailler dock. The north
part of Water street was laid out through the Glebe,
but was not worked from South to North street, nor
was it ever opened completely — the present line ot the
street having its origin in the Newburgh and Sullivan
turnjMke thirty years later. On the Glebe other streets
were laid out but only partially opened to give access to
lots. On the hill were the old church, the parsonage,
and the school-house, and Martin Weigand's hotel, which
stood just opposite where Gidney avenue now intersects
Libertv. During the war a road was opened from South
street near Grand across the hill to the army buildings



at the foot of Third street, and had on it hotels and
other places of business as late as 1800. At the south
end of the king's highway was Hasbrouck's house, and
on beyond him were the residences of Henry Smith and
his brother Thomas. Benj. Smith, who owned the farm
of his father James, lived in the house on Liberty street
corner of Campbell, which he built just before the war.
Isaac Belknap sailed a sloop from the foot of South
street, and had a house on Water street just south of
First, which is still standing on the corner of the gore.
Up "at the brook," as it was called, Demott had a tav-
ern, and Denton a grist-mill, and William Bloomer a
blacksmith shop. There were a number of dwellings
there- — Capt. Coleman's, Silas Leonard's, and Morris
Flewwelling's. Bloomer lived in the house now the
residence of H. K. Brown; Denton's mill was in the
hollow back of Col. Hathaway's barn ; Demott's tavern
was on the road just east of the Balmville tree. Thomas
Palmer, Jonathan Hasbrouck, Elnathan Foster, and Ben-
jamin Smith were the most wealthy farmers of the place ;
Capt Coleman and Isaac Belknap were in the coasting
trade when the war broke out, but did not do much at it
afterwards. The largest part of the population was on
the Glebe where small lots could be leased. There was
no small amount of heavy timber standing on the western
and south-western part of the farms, and even as late as
1800, when Western Avenue was opened it was cut
through the woods for a large part of the way." And
yet the place, in its development had kept pace with its
neighbors of the pioneer era.

The war of the Revolution imposed great sacrifices
upon the inhabitants of the embryo city. When it was
realized that the British Ministry would appeal to force
to maintain the authority of the Crown over the colo-
nies, the control of the navigation of Hudson's river be-
came the contested point. To prevent this the colonists
of New York determined to place fortifications in the


I lij^hlaiuls, :iii(l rciv mainly for their (Icltiuc upon the
militia of the district. Three forts were eoiistrui ted
I'ort Moiiti^omerv, Fort Clinton, and l*'ort Constitution,
and in their construction and defcnci- the militia knew
JittU- imrminitv fiom active dutv. So j^rcat was the de-
mand M|»on them that two out ol everv tive ol the male
population between sixteen and sixty were almost con-
stantly in the held, and levies en tnassf were of fretpient
occurrence. In \77(>-77, the Ministry devoted its atten-
tion almost entirely to the accomplishment of the control
of the navij^ation of the river. To this end Boston was
abandoned, and the continental forces driven out of New-
York city and Lontj Island; this new base of operations
havinjj been secured, Burixovne was sent from Canada,
with a hnelv ecpiipped armv. to cut his way thnju^h
from the north, while the British forces were to move
northward from New York, secure the Hit^hland forts
and unite with Burijovne at Albany. This plan of ope-
rations culminated in October. 1777. Under the com-
mand of Sir Henry Clinton, the southern division of the
invadint^f army aj)jK"ared before Forts Clinton and Mont-
ijomery and demanded their surrender. The forts were
almost wholly j^arrisoned by the militia of the district,
about six hundred in number, who made a most heroic
defence, h^htinij aj^ainst a suj)erior and discij)lined force
from four o'clock until twilight, when they ^avc way and
marie a scattered retreat, leavini^ behind them not less
than three hundred ot their number in killed, wounded
and prisoners. The forts were destroyed, the chain and
boom which had been thrown across the river were re-
moved, and on the Sth of October the ships of war of
the successful enemy entered the bay of Newburjjh and
saluted its inhabitants with j^rape-shot and cannon balls.
F"ortunately })y the capture of Burj^oyne's army at
Saratoija. the plan of operations was defeated, and the
Hijj^hlands returned atj^ain to the possession

ied by the First

Presbyterian church.

fouiuk'd inform

lily in 1764; by

Methodist Hpiscopal

classes in 17S6,

and by the First

Associate Ketornied

church in 1797

Printing was

ntroduced by Lucius

Carey (the Nnvhurgli Packet) in

179$; Free Masonry

came in in 1788,

inider the title ot

Steuben LodjJ^e, No.

18; an Academical school in 179$

the Ncwburj^h Post-

office in 1796.

rhe persons bv w

hom the embryt) citv

was thus advanced, as represented on the road li^t< f j

that year, constitute the following

^mhuiijli ffirectoni

far li^ini

Abercrombie, John

Aldriflgc, Daniel

Andrews, John

Albcrtwn, Joseph

Alexander, James

Arnold, William

Alhertson, Richard

Amcrman, Derick

Ayrcs, Andrew

AUwrtson, John

Anderson, John

Ayres, Ebenczer B.

Aldridge, James
lUilcy, Daniel

Anderson, John, Jr.
Belknap, Scth

Bradley, Anan

lUrl*r. Joseph W.

Ifelknap, Samuel, Jr.

Brewster, Francis

lUinl, James

Itelknap, Sands

Brett, Criah

liate, James

Belknap, Chauncey

Brown, John

Bee»)c. Heraleel, Capl.

Belknap, William

Brown, Francis

Helknap, Samuel

Birdsall, Daniel

Bullard, Nathan

Belknap, Alden

Birdsall, Charles

Burling, Walter

Belknap, Abel

Birdsall, Mrs. Elizabeth Burling, Benjamin | |

Belknap, Isaac

Blake, Charles

Burling, David

Belknap, Thomas

Bloomer, James

Bums, James

Belknap, David

Bowman, Phineas

Burr, Samuel

Caldwell, Henry

Capicadden, John

Colter, James

Campliell, George

Cise, Benjamin

Colter, John

Carter, I^cwis

Case, Benjamin, Jr.

Conduit, Cyrus

Carter, Jonathan

Clark, Samuel

Cooley, Jonathan

Carpenter, Jacob

Clark, Jacob

Cooper, Thomas

Carjienter, I^onard

Clark, WillLim

Crawforri. James

Carjxrntcr, Joseph

Clinton, Charles

Crissey, Kl«neier

Carpenter, Henry

CofTin, Caleb

Curtis, Amos

Carscadden, Rolicrt

Coleman, Sila.*

Curnr. lohn

Carscadden, Thomas

Coleman, Micah

Darby, Benjamin

rVnniston. Charles

Donclly, Mrs. Lienor

Darby, Isaac

I>cnton, John

r>owning, Samuel

Davis, Anthony

Dodge, I-evi

I^owns, John




DeGrove, Mrs. Adolph

Dodge, William P.

Downs, Edward

Demott, James

Dodge, John P.

DuBois, Nathaniel

Denniston, David

Dolsen, Edward

DuBois, David M.

Denniston, Alexander

Dolph, Robert R.

Dusinberry, Jarvis

Egbert, James

Ellet, Archibald

Falls, Alexander

Finley, John

Fordice, William

Ferguson, James

Fisk, Jonathan

Foster, Elnathan

Ferris, Mr.

Foote, Justin

Freeman, Rev. Jonathan

Gardner, George

Gidney, Eleazer

Gourlay, Robert

Gardner, Thomas

Gillespie, John

Gregory, Samuel O.

Gardner, Benjamin

Goldsmith, James

Griswold, Chauncey

Gardiner, Robert

Gordon, George

Griswold, Edmund

Halstead, Stephen

Havens, Smith

Hoffman, John

Hamilton, James

Hawkins, Samuel

Holmes, William

Hannery, John

Hedges, Jonathan

Howell, Edward

Harris, John

Hedges, Phineas, M. D.

Howell, Benoni H.

Harris, Hugh

Herdman, John

Howell, Mrs. Esther

Hasbrouck, Isaac

Higby, Moses, M. D.

Hudson, Timothy, M.D.

Hasbrouck, Joseph

Holly, Ebenezer

Hudson, Richard

Hasbrouck, Daniel

Hobby, Drake

Hulet, Joseph

Hathaway, Josiah

Hoffman, Joseph

Hulet, Samuel

Ireland, Samuel

Jones, Robert W.

June, Phineas

Kelso, Thomas
Lawson, John D.

Kerr, Rev. Robert
Ludlow, Mrs. Elizabeth

Lyon, Aaron

Lyon, Benjamin
MoiTison, Mrs. Catharine

Mandeville, John

McCoun, Samuel

Monell, George

Murray, Alex.

McCutcheon, Robert

Monell, William

McAuley, John

McGahey, Owen

Marsh, Joshua

McClaughrey, Mrs. Agnes McKune, Robert

Moore, James

McClaughrey, Alexander McLean, John

Nestle, Michael

Nicholson, Samuel
Niven, Daniel, Jr.

Pierson, Caleb

Niven, Daniel

Pettingale, Joseph

Powell, Jacob

Phillips, James

Place, James

Powell, Thomas

Raymond, Francis

Renwick, James

Robinson, Cush

Reeve, Selah

Reynolds, David

Rogers, Jason

Reeve, Joseph

Richardson, John

Ross, William

Scott, William

Smith, Jacob

Spier, Hugh

Shaw, John

Smith, David

Schultz, Jacob

Smith, Albertson

Smith, Charles F.

Seymour, William

Smith, Benjamin

Sackett, Wm. W.

Sanders, John

Smith, William H.

Sleight, Solomon

Shaw, Robert


Telford, George Tapper, Mr*. Nathl. Trumper, John

Thome, Iwac Trumper, William Tooker, John

Vcltman, Henry Van NVyck, PeJer

Waller, George Wood, Alexander Walsh, Hugh

Waril, Abraham Wood, Cornelius Wallace,

Wright, Samuel Wood, Timothy Winfield, Elias, M. D.

Wright, Robert Wood, Timothy, Jr. Williams, Edward

Weigand, Martin Watts, Henry Wilson, William

Watts, Samuel

The first work of the present century was the incor-
poration of the Village of New burgh, by an act of
the legislature passed March 25th, 1800. This act de-
fined the bounds of the village; authorized the election
of trustees and other officers: provided that the trustees
should have |)o\ver to make, ordain and publish such
bv-laws, rules and regulations as should be deemed meet
and proper, particularly in reference to public markets,
streets, allevs, and highwavs; to abate slaughter-houses
and nuisances generallv: to determine the number of
inns or taverns, and grant licenses to the same; to re-
strain the running at large of geese, cattle, hogs and
other animals; to erect and regulate hay-scales, and to
have general powers "relative to anything whatsoever"
that should concern the "public and good government"
of the village thereby created. On the first Tuesday in
May, seven trustees, three assessors, three fire-wardens,
a collector, and a treasurer, were elected, and the board
of trustees organized under the presidency of John An-
derson, This act was followed, in 1801. by an act incor-
porating the Newburgh and Cochecton turnpike com-
pany, with a capital of $125,000. Both were measures
largely influencing the prosperity of the village; the
former gave local government — the latter, by opening a
new route of travel to the west, brought a trade which
in the main had previously reached the Hudson at New
Windsor. Up to that time it may be said that all roads
led to that {)lace, and that from the west the roads to



Newburgh were more of the character of cross-roads.
The Cochecton turnpike reversed the order, and gave to
the western part of the county, and to Sullivan, a better
and a shorter route of travel. The effect was magical ;
New Windsor, from a previously superior trade, was
speedily shorn of its advantage ; its houses became ten-
antless, and its merchants removed their stocks to the
Newburgh market. Other roads followed — the New-
burgh and New Windsor turnpike in 1808, connecting
at New Windsor with turnpikes to Cornwall and Mon-
roe ; the Newburgh and Sullivan turnpike in 18 10, pen-
etrating the heart of the present county of Sullivan, and
the Newburgh and Plattekill turnpike in 18 12, threading
a rich agricultural district of southern Ulster.

The village sprang rapidly into rank. From 1776 to
1825, its population increased a fraction over one hun-
dred annually, or about eleven hundred each decade ;
while its commerce had swept over the narrow belt of
country of the pioneer era, and embraced a very con-
siderable proportion of the district now included in the
southern tier of counties. Turnpikes extended in connec-
tion to Canandaigua lake, and were traversed by stage
coaches conveying passengers, and freight wagons laden
with goods ; a steamer on Cayuga lake extended the
route to Ithaca, and subsequently to Geneva and Buf-
falo, from which point New York was reached (via New-
burgh) in sixty-five hours — "the shortest and most ex-
peditious route from the Hudson river to the western

The changes wrought under the growth (^f population
in other parts of the state, and through modern facili-
ties of communication, are too M^ell known to require
recapitulation. The map of the southern tier was rolled
up and laid away for a quarter of a century on the night
when, with beacons blazing on the headlands of the Hud-
son, the waters of Lake Erie were mingled with those
of the Atlantic in the harbor of New York. From that


time tlu' iiilliu-ncf ot internal improvements, like the
apjjroachini; trenches ol a besie^inj^ army, has been
continually telt. The Hudson and Delaware canal, the
Erie railroad, the whole net-work of iron rails that now
bisect and intersect the district, bear with them the storv
ot the past and the present. " What mi^ht have been,"
could the people ot Newbur^h have commanded the
ancient i^rder to continue, or the new modes ot transit
to pay them tribute, it is not wise to consider. At each
stage of the combination against them, thev have made
bold struggles, and if the long lines of farmers' wagons,
stored with butter and pork, which formed so leading a
teature in the trade of the village in the earlv part of
the century, have passed into the domain of history, the
new elements in commerce and the new modes of transit
have not been without their compensations. Compared
with neighboring communities, the city has not only
maintained its rank in population and wealth with the
more tavored, but has outstripped many upon which
political connections have conferred presumed superior

The grading of streets, the supply of water, the intro-
duction of gas, the development of the higher branches
of mechanics, the introduction of telegraphs, railroads,
steam printing presses and free sch(«)ls, the improvement
in the architecture of public and private buildings, have
been the work of the past half century and more espe-
ciallv of the quarter of that period which closes with
the centennial year of the Republic. One hundred and
fiftv-six years from the date of its planting, the settlement
founded bv the Palatines, maintained by the " Dutch and
Irish new inhabitants," developed and made vigorous by
men of all nations, creeds and tongues, entered upon the
highest torm of local government under an act of the
legislature passed .April 22d, 1865, incorporating and
constituting Tin. City of Newburgh.



The earliest merchants of Newburgh were connected
with either milling or freighting. It is of record in 1767,
that "many people from the back part of the country"
brought hither the produce of their farms "to send to
New York," and that there were " at least three boats be-
longing to the place that constantly go from thence to
New York and return again with goods, which creates
a very considerable trade." The owners of these boats
had small store-houses in which they kept goods of va-
rious kinds which they sold to their customers. This
was also the case with the millers. The Dentons, "up
at the brook," had a store in their mill; Jonathan Has-
brouck also had one, not at his mill, but in the old head-
quarters house. It is still known as the "store-room,"
and is situated immediately south of the hall on the west
side. Denton and Hasbrouck had docks from which
they shipped their flour, which was then the principal
staple. " The first regular store in the village," is said
to have been opened by Benjamin. and Daniel Birdsall
on Colden's dock, a locality now on the west line of
Front street south of First. It was afterwards occupied
by John Harris as a hat shop. George Gardner took
the top of it off" and moved it up to High street, where
he made a residence of it for his father-in-law, William
Lawrence. The basement (the original store) is still
standing — a monument of the simplicity of the stores of
a hundred years ago. The second regular store is
claimed to have been opened immediately after the Rev-
olution, by John McAuley in a building which stood on
the west line of Front street — an army store-house sub-
sequently known as DeWint's dock. It is also said that
" Hugh Walsh and a Mr. Brown " were afterwards his
associates in the business, and that Mr. Walsh became
his successor. This tradition, in the absence of positive
testimony, must be accepted, although there are records
indicating that Mr. Walsh was the first owner and occu-


pant of the property in question, and that Mr. McAulev
was his associate. However, this was the foundation of
Walsh's dock and store. Mr. McAulcy, in 1791. after an
absence of a few years from the place, opened a store on
the south-west corner of VV^ater and Third street and
continued there for thirty-hve years. Williani Walsh
was his successor, and erected the brick buildinj^ now
undcr^oini^ enlargement by Mr. Ge«)r^e W. Townsend.
John Shaw was Mr. Walsh's successor in his first place
of business. His advertisement shows the j(oods then
kept bv "rei^ular" stores; it reads as follows:

JoiLV Shaw,

(Latfly from IRELAND,)

BECiS leave to inform the public, that he hu
commenced store-keeping in the house op-
posite to the Xnv Markft, formerly occupied by
Mr. Walsh, where he has laid in a general
assortment of the following (}(X)I)S, which he
will sell by Wholesale or Retail on reasonable
terms, for cash or merchantable produce, viz:
Malaga, Sherry and Port Wines; Rum, Brandy
and Cin; Teas, Sugars, Mola

2 4 5

Online LibraryEdward Manning] [RuttenberHistorical sketch [of Newburgh, N.Y.] → online text (page 2 of 5)