Copyright
Edward Porritt.

Evolution of the Dominion of Canada; its government and its politics online

. (page 33 of 34)
Online LibraryEdward PorrittEvolution of the Dominion of Canada; its government and its politics → online text (page 33 of 34)
Font size
QR-code for this ebook


office, i; government of,
6; classification of, 6;
British policy towards, 7;
grants in aid to, 8; and
British preference, 448

Crown colony rule, before
1837, 86, 87; modern
principles of, 88

Crown lands, 149; at Con-
federation, 56; in British
North America act, 233;
granted to railways, 473;
and provincial legislation,

493. 494

Customs duties, 416
Customs, minister of, 354, 363

DAWSON CITY, 299

Deadlock, between senate
and house, 275

Debates in parliament, re-
porting of, 398; and
closure, 423, 424

Democracy in Canada, 499,
504; in 1840-1867, 179

Denison, Sir William, and re-
sponsible government, 252

Denmark, trade with, 471

Dent, John Charles, 84 n

Department of immigration
and colonization, 352, 359

Department of interior, 353

Departments, government,
352, 353, 354; and esti-
mates, 418



Deposits by candidates, 342,

344, 345

Deputy speaker, 383
Derby administration, 191,

209, 212

Derby, Earl of (Lord Stan-
ley), 141, 158, 160; and
" Dominion of Canada,"

200

Derby-Disraeli government,

210, 221

Desks, in house of commons,
392

Detroit River, 60

Dingley bill, 450, 467

Direct taxation. 494

Disallowance of legislation,
234,253,495,496,497

Disqualifications of parlia-
mentary candidates, 333

Disraeli, Benjamin, 212, 333

Dissolution of parliament,
335; in 1872, 336; in 1911,
336; by governor-general,

337

Divorce and United Prov-
inces legislature, 165; at
Confederation, 166

Divorce bills, in senate, 284,
286; number of, 286; and
Ontario and Quebec, 287;
reserved, 412

Divorce courts, 287

Doak, printer, 75

Dominion of Canada, 483;
rights of, 215; and British
treaties, 215; powers of,

[519]



INDEX



224; status of, in 1876,

413

Dominion franchise bill of
1885, 319; condemned in
provinces, 321; arguments
against, 322; repealed in
1898, 323

Dominion government, 211;
and grants to railways, 473 ;
and subventions to prov-
inces, 493

Dominion Trades and Labor
Congress, 344

Dominions, and colonial
office, i; enumerated, 2;
area of, 3; population of,
3; tariff's of, 4; and
contributions to Great
Britain, 4; and British
national debt, 4; no in-
terference with, from
Westminister, 5

Draper-Viger government,
124, 140; and Lord Elgin,
133; and rebellion losses,

135

Dual membership, 333
DufFerin, Marquis of, 335,

414

Dunning, John, 64
Duration of parliament, 335
Durham, Earl of, 112, 119,

128, 132, 145, 146, 183;

mission of, to Canada, 95,

96; Report of, 97-102;

return of, to England, 97;

and American influence

[520]



on Canada, 100; and
advantages of union, 102,
103; as a statesman,



EAST INDIA COMPANY, 119
Economist, The, 114
Edgar, J. D., 24 n, 54 n
Edmonton, 17, 24
Education act of 1863, 237
Education, in British North

America act, 236
Egerton, 64 n, 74 , 87
Egerton and Grant, 121 n,

122 n

Election petitions, 348
Elections act of 1917, 32471
Elections, British, expenses

of, 340

Elections, corruption in, 178;
holding of, 338; procedure
of* 339> 346; expenses of,
340, 341, 348; usages at,
340; uncontested, 342;
nomination papers for, 344;
day of, 347; controverted,
348

Electoral divisions, settle-
ment of, 310; inequality
of, 314, 315; single-mem-
ber, 316

Electoral franchise, reform of,
demanded, 149; left to
provinces, 309; civil ser-
vants debarred from, 320;
civil servants admitted to.
323; reforms in, 324



INDEX



Electoral reform in 1856,

161
Electors, qualifications of,

1791, 67; manifestoes to,

339

Elgin, Earl of, ill, 145, 151,
170, 179, 213; as a states-
man, 115, 146; governor-
general, 127, 132; his policy,
128, 132, 138; politics of,
129; and British connec-
tion, 131; and respon-
sible government, 133, 248,
252; and rebellion losses
bill, 134, 136; demon-
strations against, 139, 140;
tenders resignation, 141,
142; his achievement, 146;
and use of French, 153, 154

Elgin-Marcy Treaty, 188, 432,

447,4544S6, 461, 466; and

British Columbia, 55
Ellenborough, Earl of, 120 n
Enfranchisement of women,

an open question, 376, 377;

in prairie provinces, 376
Episcopal church, and clergy

reserves, 71

Established church, 401
Estimates, prepared by

cabinet, 372, 373; in house

of commons, 418
Excess profits tax, 416, 494
Executive councils, 112

FAMILY compacts, 72, 132,
137, 147, 168, 177; and



corruption in government,

83

Farrer, James Anson, 414 n
Federal union, inevitable, 178
Federal v. legislative union,

217221
Fielding, William S., n, 445,

447, 467

Finance bill, 415; amend-
ments to, 417; debate on,

417

Finance, minister of, 353
Financial centers of Canada,

36
Financial year of Canada,

378
Financiers, and government,

37

Fiscal freedom of colonies,
17,442

Fish, and reciprocity, 458

Fish, Hamilton, 454

Fisheries, and United States,
460

Fleming, Sandford, 64 n

Flour exports, 470, 471

Flour milling, 470

Flour mills, 32

Fort Garry, 52

Fort William, 15, 19, 31,
34, 40, 473, 475

Forty shilling freehold quali-
fication, 328

Foster, G. .,333

France, and Canadian tariffs,

447
Franchise, dominion, 317



INDEX



Franking privilege, 279, 490

Fredericton, 17

Freedom of speech, and
closure, 423

Freedom of the press, struggle
for, 75

Free trade, 284; adoption
of, by Great Britain, 147;
and concessions to Canada,
164, 440

French, use of in king's
speech, 280; use of, in
parliament, 403

French Canada, and separate
schools, 236; and places in
cabinet, 357; and the
speakership 383; and di-
vision of offices, 384

Frontenac, 317

GALLERIES in house of com-
mons, 393

Gait, Alexander, Tulloch, and
right of tariff making, n,
169; and friction with
British government, 170;
his reply to Newcastle, 172;
and Confederation, 189,
191, 209, 223

Gait tariff, 171-175, 398

Gazette, Canada, 253

Gazette, Montreal, 503

George III, 414

George IV, 414

German tariff war, 435-444,
and peace without victory,
446
[ 5 22]



Germany, and British prefer-
ence, 442, 443, 450

Gerrymander, in Canada,
310; abolished by Liberals,
312

Gladstone, W. E., 104, 333;
and rebellion losses bill,
143; and corruption in
Canada, 259, 260

Glengarry, address to Elgin
from, 141

Globe, of Toronto, 423

Gosford, Lord, 95

Governing class in Canada,
72; in Lower Canada, 83

Government bills, 415, 420;
in provincial legislatures,

493

Government leader in senate,
282

Governor-general of Canada,
as link with Great Britain,
5; appointment of 6, 162;
at Quebec, in 1792, 76;
powers of, 81; partisan,
84; can dissolve legis-
lature, 124; appointment
of, as patronage, 128;
and reserved bills, 157;
payment of salary of, 163;
nomination of, 215; before
and after Confederation,
247; in British North
America act, 251; duties
of, 254; nonpartisan, 256;
limitations on freedom of,
264; suggestion of election



INDEX



of, 265; and dissolution
of parliament, 335; and
cabinet, 351, 373; and
convening of parliament,
378; and election of
speaker, 385; never in
house of commons, 393;
and speech from the throne,
402; and speaker of house
of commons, 420; and
disallowance of provincial
legislation, 496

Governor-in-council, 253; and
rights of minorities, 240

Governors-general, list of,
256

Grain, and railroads, 473,

474

Grain crop, 35

Grain growers, and American
interests, 32; organization
of, 47; and agitation
against titles, 367; and
British preference, 440;
political movements of,
441; and reciprocity, 457,
460, 463; and Sir W.
Laurier, 463, 464

Grain Growers' Guide > 367 n y
44in

Grain growing, beyond Great
Lakes, 35; increase of, 44;
importance of, 45

Grain handling, charges for,

34

Grain harvests, and pros-
perity, 31



Grand Trunk Pacific Rail-
way, 42, 50, 57

Grand Trunk Railway, 34,
36; double tracking of,

474

Grants to railways, 473
Granville, Earl of, 207 n
Great Britain, and Canadian
taxation, 173; and Hudson
Bay Co.'s territory, 186;
welcomes Confederation,
1 86; and responsible gov-
ernment for Canada, 261;
denounces treaties for sake
of Canada, 442; and Brit-
ish preference, 447
Great Lakes, 14; climate on,
19; and prairie provinces,
31; warships on, 187
Grenville act of 1770, 349
Grey, third earl, 136, 141,
153, 256; and Elgin's offer
of resignation, 142
Grey, Sir George, 157
Grey, fourth earl, and co-
operation, 264
Grits, 168

HALIFAX, 17, 24, 33, 37, 43,
I39 163; and legislative
assembly of 1758, 64, 76,

251
Hamilton, 24, 45, 106, 150,

167, 169

Harpell, James J., 42 n, 46 n
Head, Francis Bond, 85, 92,

122

[523]



INDEX



Head, Sir Edward Walker,
governor-general, 170, 171,
179, 252; and Confeder-
ation, 190

Herries, J. C, 143

Hill, printer, 75

Hincks, Francis, 177 n

"Hiving the grits," 311

Holland, trade with, 471

Homesteads, 479

"Honorable," 362

House of Commons, Domin-
ion, and money bills, 250,
409; membership of, 305;
representation of provinces
in, 305, 306; and election
of speaker, 385; organi-
zation of new, 385; seat-
ing of members in, 390;
rules of, 400; procedure
in, 401, 402, 409, 410;
quorum of, 401; atten-
dance in, 401; select stand-
ing committees of, 407;
and supply, 418; and
obstruction, 421

Howe, Joseph, 75

Hudson Bay, 14, 474

Hudson Bay Company, 16,
24, 53; and the Bridge,
41; and immigration, 43;
end of rule of, 54; territory
of, 59; Lower Canada and,
185; and United States,
188; and crown lands, 233

Hume, Joseph, 119

Hustings, 327

[524]



IMMIGRATION, 27, 478; into
prairie provinces, 43; Do-
minion rights over, 216;
Chinese, 234; legislation
concerning, 234; propa-
ganda, 235, 473; expendi-
tures on, and corruption,
258; and National Policy,
430; and British prefer-
ence, 451; polyglot, 478;
and Ontario, 481

Immigration and coloniza-
tion, minister of, 354

Indemnities, for members
of parliament, 279

Independent political move-
ments, 480

India, 59

Industries of United Kingdom
and Canadian tariff's, 175

Ineligibility for parliament,

334

Inland revenue duties, 416
Inland revenue, minister of,

354,363

Institute of chartered accoun-
tants, 497

Intercolonial Railway, 259,

299. 359, 4?i
Interior, minister of, 354;

from prairie provinces, 359
Intermediate tariff, 437
Irish Nationalist party, 343
Iron and steel bounties, 258
Iron and steel manufacture,

29; in Sydney, 45; and

National Policy, 469, 470



INDEX



Italy, and British preference,
442, 449

JAMAICA, 119, 127
Japan, trade with, 471
Johnson, President, 202, 205
Journals of parliament, 401
Judges, appointment of, 498,

499

Judicial committee of privy
council, 495; and separate
schools question, 245
Judiciary of Canada, 499
Justice, minister of, 354

KAMLOOPS, 50
Kenny, Edward, 358
Kenora, 38, 41, 50, 471
" Kingdom of Canada," 200,

205
Kingston, 24, 35, 106, 113,

120, 163
Knighthoods, 72, 365, 366,

369

LABOR and socialist parties,
480; and elections, 345; in
provincial legislatures, 488
Labor candidates, 343
Labor, minister of, 354
Labouchere, Henry, 113; co-
lonial secretary, 190
Lafontaine, Louis Hyppolite,

117, 120, 123, 251
Lafontaine-Baldwin govern-
ment, 123, 124, 133, 135,
136, 140



Lake Erie, 35

Lake navigation and United

States, 33

Lake of the Woods, 38
Lake Superior, 34, 44
Lansdowne, Marquis of, 256,

443

Lash, 414 n

Laurier, Sir Wilfred, n, 297,
310,333,363; and separate
schools, 244; and redistri-
bution, 307, 315; and end
of gerrymandering, 313;
and cabinet, 360; and the
grain growers, 463

Laurier government i$o;
repeals Dominion franchise
act, 323; and electoral
reform, 324; and reci-
procity with United States,
336, 396, 456, 461, 462;
and obstruction, 421, 422;
defeat of, 465

Lawyers, and parliament,

331
Legislative assembly, Quebec,

76; made bilingual, 80;

limitations of, 81, 85;

refused to vote supplies, 93
Legislative assembly, Upper

Canada, powerlessness of,

85
Legislative council, Quebec,

76; power of, 81; bishops

and judges in, 85
Legislative council, United

Provinces, demand for elec-



INDEX



tion of, 150, 158; New-
castle and, 160; members
of, elected, 161, 267; num-
ber of members of, 162

Legislative councilors, salaries
of, 486

Legislative councils, disap-
pearance of, 484; member-
ship of, 485

Legislative union of 1840,
104; debates at West-
minister on, 105; consti-
tution of, 106

Legislature of United Prov-
inces, constitution of, 107;
bilingual, 108

Legislatures, early, 76; con-
stitution and procedure of,
77, 400; limitations of
80; bicameral, 484

Lemieux, Rodolphe, 424

Le Pas, Manitoba, 14, 474

Lewis, George Cornewall, 87

Liberal-Conservatives, 168,
284

Liberal convention of 1859,

I9S

Liberals, 343; after Con-
federation, 284; and the
senate, 288, 302; and the
gerrymander, 312; and
electoral franchise, 320;
and Dominion franchise
act of 1885, 322; and
electoral reform, 324; and
the tariff, 398, 417, 434

Lieutenant-governors, as

[526]



links with Great Britain, 5;
appointment of, 6, 253,
483; and resignation of
premier, 488; salaries of,
491; terms of, 491; non-
partisan, 491; duties of,

492, 493

Links of empire, 364, 434, 492
Lisgar, Lord, 314
London, O., 106
Lord Chancellor, 280
Lome, Marquis of, 128 n,

255> 4H

Lower Canada, 67, 74; and
constitutional development,
75; legislature of, in 1792,
79; and import duties, 81;
corruption in government
of, 82; and governing class,
83; population of, in 1838,
101; and disputes with
Upper Canada, 102; repre-
sentation of, 106; con-
cession to, in 1848, 152;
overrepresentation of, 184

"Loyalist," 75

Lucas, Sir C. P., on crown
colonies, 7 n, 82 n; on
Durham, 115

Lumber, and reciprocity, 457

Lytton, Bulwer, colonial sec-
retary, 191

MACDONALD, Baroness, first
Canadian peer, 73 n

Macdonald government, 362,
431; and Canadian Pacific



INDEX



Railroad scandal, 260;
members of, 352
Macdonald, Senator, 278 n
Macdonald, Sir John A., n,
297, 332, 336, 363, 424;
and Confederation, 200,
209, 216, 223, 225; and
electoral franchises, 318,
320, 323; and National
Policy, 432, 433, 466; and
reciprocity, 458
Mace, the, 381, 384, 391
McGee, Thomas Darcy, 209
Mackenzie, Alexander, 297,

335 336, 363, 412, 414
Mackenzie government, 453
Mackenzie, William Lyon,
rebellion of, 10, 89, 94,
122, 138, 145, 269; life of,
91, 92, 93; amnestied, 94
McKinley tariff, 466, 467
MacLeans Magazine, 367 n
Magdalen Islands, 486
Magna Charta, as advertise-
ment, 449
Mails, 416

Maine, and Confederation,
201; resolutions against,
from, 202
Maisonneuve, 314
Manhood suffrage, 325
Manitoba, 14, 31, 41, 186,
188, 212, 297, 474; created
a province, 16; climate of,
18; and crown lands, 56;
and divorce, 166; and
federal union, 217; and



separate schools, 239;
representation of, in house
of commons, 305; and
the cabinet, 358; and
enfranchisement of women,
376; and British prefer-
ence, 440; and bicameral
system, 484; scandals in,
502
Manitoba school question,

243, 374

Manufacturers, British, pro-
tests of, 171

Manufacturers, Canadian,
and protection, 30, 170,
437; and the preference,
43S> 452; and British
trade, 438; more protec-
tion for, 440, 467; and
reciprocity, 457, 461

Manufacturing in Canada,
29; first impulse towards,
27; influenced by United
States, 28; and National
Policy, 469

Marine and fisheries, minis-
ter of, 354

Maritime Provinces, climate
of, 18; and union, 21, 219;
economic interests of, 22;
immigration into, 27; and
crown lands, 56; and union
in 1864, 74, 198; and
Confederation, 180; union
of, urged by Moore, 182;
and overtures for Con-
federation, 195; and jeal-

L527]



INDEX



ousy of United Provinces,
'283; divorce courts in,
287; and exclusion of
civil servants from fran-
chise, 320; and protection,
432

Marriage, power over, 230,
232

Melbourne administration^;
and Lord Durham, 97

Member of house of com-
mons, resignation of, 349;
attendance of, 401; oppor-
tunities of, 425

Merritt, of Lincoln, 183

Metcalfe, Sir C. T., 118, 124,
128, 153, 252; life of, 119;
policy of, 1 20, 121, 126;
and election of 1844, 125

Metcalfe commission, 134,

135

Michigan, Lake, 15, 163, 164
Mileage allowances, 279
Militia and defense, minister

of, 354

Mines, minister of, 354
Minister of finance, 353;
his statement to parlia-
ment, 415

Minister of public works, 353
Minister of railways and
canals, 353; from New
Brunswick, 358
Minister of trade and com-
merce, 353

Ministers without portfolio,
361, 390

[528]



Minorities, safeguards for, 240
Minto, Earl of, 256
Molesworth, Sir William, 156 n
Monck, Viscount, governor-
general, 179, 252; and
Confederation, 208
Moncton, 42, 359
Money bills, originating in
lower house, 136; in legis-
lature, 249; and senate,
286; and the cabinet, 373;
procedure on, 409
Montgomery's tavern, 94
Montreal, 24, 26, 33, 34, 37,
79, 106, 132, 150, 167, 360;
as financial center, 36;
population of, 45; and
governing class 72; bad
municipal government in,
500

Moore, Colonel, 182
Move to reduce salary, 361
Mowat, Oliver, 209, 290
Mulock, Sir William, 311 n
Municipal code for United

Provinces, 109
Municipal elections, 346
Municipal government, 500
Municipal ownership, in prai-
rie provinces, 48
Municipalities, and Act of

Union, 109
Munro-Ferguson, 114
Musgrave, General, 56 n

NATAL, a crown colony to
1893, 3



INDEX



National debt of Great
Britain, and dominions, 4

National grain route, 19,
430; improvements to, 35,
36

National Policy, 169, 457,
463, 466; definition of,
430; beginnings of, 431,
434; and McKinley tariff,
466; results of, 469, 477,
479; and industries, 479;
and farmers, 479, 481;
and high cost of living,
481

National Policy tariffs, 432

National Transcontinental
Railway, 42

Navigation laws, 162, 163;
right to make, 215

Navigation laws, United
States, 33

Navy, British, and Canada,
163

Navy Island, Niagara River,

94

Nelson, B. C, 50

New Brunswick, manufactur-
ing in, 29; and crown
lands, 56; government es-
tablished in, 66; and politi-
cal demands of United
Empire Loyalists, 66; and
constitutional development,
74; and hemp bounties,
174; adopts Confederation
resolutions, 200; and Con-
federation, 21 1 ; and sepa-



rate schools, 241; and the
senate, 270; representation
of, in house of commons,
305; and the cabinet, 358;
and iron industry, 470;
and bicameral system, 484;
and separate schools, 498;
scandals in, 502

Newcastle, Duke of, 161,
170, 292; and colonies,
130; colonial secretary,
155; and Canadian re-
forms, 158, 159; and pro-
tection, 171; and tariff of
1859, 174, 176

Newfoundland, 59, 213; and
protection, 4; area of,
13; population of, in 1783,
60; and Confederation,
275; and fiscal freedom,

443

New Glasgow, 477

Newport News, 35

New South Wales, 61; and
responsible government,
145; and protection, 176

Newspaper organs, 393, 395;
and reciprocity in 1911,
396

Newspaper press, 262; and
the senate, 291

Newspapers, political rewards
for, 394; and reporting of
parliament, 399; and criti-
cism, 429

New Westminster, 50, 57

New York, 35

[529]



INDEX



New Zealand, 59, 146, 166;
and the British connection,
129; and responsible gov-
ernment, 145; and pro-
tection 176; and fiscal
freedom, 443; and British
preference, 448

Niagara, 75, 106; and meet-
ing of legislature of Upper
Canada 78

Nomination papers, 344

Nordegg, 42

North Bay, Ontario, 38

North, Lord, 63

North Sydney, 45

Northwest Territory, 16

Norway, trade with, 471

Nova Scotia, 327, 371, 430;
climate of, 19; manufac-
turing in, 29; and crown
lands, 56; and United
Empire Loyalists, 63; gov-
ernment of, in 1758, 64;
and constitutional develop-
ment, 74; and tariffs of
United Provinces, 175; and
Confederation resolutions,
200; and Confederation,
21 1; and separate schools,
241; and the senate, 270;
representation of, in house
of commons, 305; fran-
chise in, 325; and plural
voters, 329; and coal, 433;
and iron industry, 470;
and manufacturing, 471;
bicameral legislature of,



484, 485; and separate
schools, 498; municipal
government in, 501

Nova Scotian, 75

OATHS, of members of parlia-
ment, 379

Obstruction in house of com-
mons, 421-423, 462

Ogdensburg, 33

Ontario, 213, 430; climate of,
18; economic interests of,
22; antagonism of, to
Quebec, 23; and manufac-
turing, 26; and immigra-
tion, 27; and protection,
30; and prairie prov-
inces, 31; and crown
lands, 56; and divorce,
166; and Confederation,
21 1 ; and separate schools,
236; and the senate, 270;
and divorce bills, 287;
representation of, in house
of commons, 305; and
the cabinet, 357; and
wheat, 433; and British
preference, 440; and manu-
facturing, 471; abandons
bicameral system, 484; gov-
ernment of, 489; municipal
government in, 501

Open questions, 376

Opposition leader, 352; elec-
tion of, 386; salary of,
387, 388

Orders-in-council, 254, 372



INDEX



Ottawa, 23, 139, 283; foun-
dation of, 24

PAKINGTON, SIR JOHN, 156

Palmerston, Lord, 113, 130

Palmerston-Russell adminis-
tration, 170

Papineau, Louis Joseph, re-
bellion of, 10, 86, 93, 117,
153, 269; life of, 89, 90;
success of, 95, 145; return
of, I37

Parliament, British, and re-
bellion losses bill, 144

Parliament, Dominion, and
creation of provinces, 16;
and divorce, 166; as con-
tinuation of United Prov-
inces legislature, 284; and
electoral divisions, 3 10;
duration of, 335; time of
assembling of, 378

Parliamentary candidates in
United Kingdom, Cana-
dians as, 330

Parliamentary reform, move-
ment for, in England, 91

Parliamentary secretaries,

354, 363

Party conventions, 339
Party lines in Canada, 263;

after Confederation, 284

Party names in Canada, 148 n

Patronage of the crown, 163,

267, 295; and revision of

electoral rolls, 321; titles

as, 366; and independent



political movements, 480;

and legislative councils, 485
Patrons of Industry, 343, 480,

481

Payne- Aid rich tariff, 461
Payne, Sereno E., 450
Peel, Sir R., 87, 104, 117,

143. 153

Peerages, 73, 365-370

Pensions for ex-cabinet minis-
ters, 389

Pensions for government offi-
cials, abolition of, de-
manded, 150

Philadelphia, 35

Pitt, 69, 71

Plural office holders, 85

Plural voter, in Canada, 328

Political parties, not recog-
nized by law, 346

Politics, popular interest in,

399

Pontiac, 317
Population of Canada, 305;

and railway mileage, 473;

slow increase, of 477, 479
Pork barrel, in Canada, 85
Port Arthur, 15, 19, 34, 40,

4i 475

Port Jackson, 61
Portland, 32, 33, 43
Port Nelson, 14, 474
Port Roseway, 63
Postmaster general, 354
Prairie provinces, 29, 30;
and Ontario and Quebec,
31, 45; and immigration,



INDEX



43; crops of, 44; and the
tariff, 45; politics of, 48;
parliamentary represen-
tation of, 49; forward
policies of, 218; railway
lands in, 473

Preferential tariff for United
Kingdom, 434, see British
preference

Premier, and cabinet, 351,
355-357* 359; and con-
ferring of titles, 365; and
legislation, 420

Premier, British, and for-
mation of cabinet, 355

President of council, 352

Press gallery, in house of
commons, 39; and prefer-
ment, 397

Press gallery, in senate, 291

Prices in Canada, 41; of
grain, 45

Prime minister, see Premier

Primogeniture, abolition of,
demanded, 149

Prince Edward Island, 31,
35 3 2 7; a d crown lands,
56; and United Empire
Loyalists, 63; and fish
bounties, 174; and Con-
federation, 21 1 ; and sepa-
rate schools, 241, 498; and
the senate, 270; and the
cabinet, 358; and single-
chamber legislature, 485;
municipal government in,
501
[532]



Prince Rupert, 42, 50, 57

Private bills, 415; definition
of, 428; in provincial
legislatures, 499

Private members' bills, 415;
definition of, 428; in pro-
vincial legislatures, 493

Privilege, question of, 427,
429

Privy council at Whitehall,
Canadian members of, 363

Privy council for Canada,
251, 338, 361, 364, 371;
members of, in parliament,
390

Procedure of house of com-
mons, 401, 402, 409, 410

Procedure of senate, 284, 285

Progressive Republican

party, 434

Property qualifications, abo-
lition of, demanded, 149,
158

Protection in Canada, and
United States, 28, 30;
movement for, 167, 168;
adopted by Liberals, 395;
and National Policy, 430,
431; and British prefer-
ence, 438; increases in, 440;
and high cost of living, 482

Protective tariff, demand for,
151; Liberal opposition to,
394; as dividing line in
politics, 398; before Na-
tional Policy, 431; Domin-
ion committed to, 434



Online LibraryEdward PorrittEvolution of the Dominion of Canada; its government and its politics → online text (page 33 of 34)