Edward Robinson.

A Greek and English lexicon of the New Testament online

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Greek construction.— ^pt Pro v. 17: 19.
Ael. V. H. 9. 4. Hdian. 1. 17. 5. Xen.
Mem. 1. 5. 4. — {d) Seq. ace. of cause;
Phil. 2: 18 TO ^ avto nal Vfuig /a/^are,

Jbr tJu same cause also do ye joy. Rom.



16: 19 /a/^oi to i<p Ifiiy. Comp. Matth.
§ 414. Passow in /a/^o> no. 3. — Horn.
II. 21. 347. Dem. 323. 6 to to^tci Iv-
nnc&ai nal itfita x^l^'iy* — («) With a
particip. in nominat expressing the
occasion of joy ; also a freq. construc-
tion in Greek writers; comp. Buttm.
§ 144. 4. a. Matth. $ 555. Herm. ad
Vig. p. 776. Mark 14: II ixowartsg
ixdiffiaav, John 20: 20 ixdgiprav ovy ol
fta&rjxal idortts Toy uvgior, Phil. 2: 28.
— Uom. II. 19. 185 /a/^Qi inomag, Luc
D. Mort 2. 1. Hdian. 1. 5. 8. Xen. Cyr.
1. 5. 12. — Once c. part of a kindred
verb intens. imitating the Heb. infin.
absol. 1 Pet 4: 13 Hya » • , /0^^t8 a/dt-
Xtttifuvou Comp. Winer § 46. 7. — (£)
Seq. 0T&, marking cause or occasion,
that, because. Luke 10: 20 /fs^aia di,
on TO ovofAaia m. t. L John 14: 28.
Acts 5: 41. 2 Cor. 7: 9 yw/a/^oi, oi'x
on .. . aXX' ou u. i. L v. 16. 2 John 4
(Sept Ex. 4: 31.) So ir jovtt^ ou Luke
10: 20. iy xvqU^ on Phil. 4: 10. Si
vfiag ou John II: 15. Comp. below.
— [f}) With prepositions expressing the
cause or occasion of joy ; e. g. inl c.
dat comp. ^Enl II. ace. Matt 18: 13
/a/^ii ijt ainw ftaXXop rj Kf t. X. Luke
1: 14. la 17. Acts 15t 31. ICor. la 6.
16:17. 2Cor.7:ia Rev.ll:10. (Sept
Prov. 2: 14. Hali. 3: 17. Diod. Sic 1.
25. Xen. Mem. 2. 6. 35.) i^ c. dat
to rtjoice in, comp. *Jip no. 3. c /. PhiL
1: 18 bis, ii^ rovT^ X^^^ *<>^ x^Q^^f^M^^
Col. 1: 24. iy Tovr^ on Luke 10: 20,
comp. above in (. (Sept. Zech. 10: 7.
Jacobs Epigr. Gr, I. 60, h di ydXtan^
XatgtiP.) Also /r xvglffi jfa^^eis^, to rtjo%e%
in the Lord, i. e. in union and com-
munion with him, Phil. 3: 1. 4: 4 bia
h xvglfji ou 4: 10. Comp. in Kvffiog
b. /9. diet c ace. John a 29 /o^
/a/(^n dia rifp tptntijv tov pvfi<piov. 1
Thess. a 9. di vfiag ou John 1 1: 15.
Seq. an 6 c gen. 2 Cor. 2: 3 fro iav Xvnfpf
$X^ aif tar ion fit /a^ciV} where it is
strictly for jto^orv ^eiy corresponding



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XaJia^a



886



XaAxtfitar



to XimtiP Ix^ comp. 3 John 4. Comp.
^Ano III. 2. b.

b) Imperat and Infin. as a word of
salutatidn or greeting, (a) Imper. jro?-
P'y jtfa^fta, ill a personal salutation, pp.
joy to thre ! joy to you ! i. q. hail !
Lat. $alvt! Matt. 26: 49 /a»^« ^Pa^^L
27: 29 zaiqh o /Jatrdtv^, 28: 9. Mark 15:
18. Luke 1: 23. John 19: 3. —Luc. D.
Deor. 22. 1. Ael. V. H. 4. 17. Xen. Cyr.
5. a 18. — [ft] Infin. xaignv, pp. fully
ilf/M /ai(fnv to wish joy^ to hid hail !
L q. to salute, 2 John v. 10, 1 1. Absol.
jali^iiv^ like Engl, greeting! i.q. to send
greeting, at the beginning of an epistle,
Acts 15: 23. 23: 26. Jainea 1: 1. Sept.
absol. for U'^r^T Is. 48: 22. 57: 21. — So
undtp x^^^^^ Authol. Gr. II. p. 182.
iiidto xf^^f^y '(^* ^^' P- 2^^- ^^'sol- ^
Mace. 1: 10;|^a/^fiv xal vyiaUttv, Jos.
Ant. II. 1. 3. Ael. V. H. 1. 25. Xen.
Cyr. 4. 5. 27. Comp. Arternid. 3. 44,
in *Pvtyvvfii,

XfiAa^ccy a?, »?, (/oAaw,) hail, pp.
* aometliing let go, let fall.* Rev. 8: 7.
11: 19. 16: 21 bis. Sept. for T»a Ex.
9: 18, 19 sq. — Jos. Ant. 6. 5. 6.' Plut
Tirnol. 28. Xen. Oec. 18.

XccXaco^ f. a<roi, aor. 1 Pass, ix'^-
latr&fiv, (obsol. x^^t) ^o '^' g^t ^ relax,
to loosen, ta Tona Sept. for tJ•^^ Is.
33:23. Ta dfUfAtx Xen. Eq. .5. 4. ' In
N. T. to let down, to lower, trans. Mark
2: 4 /flela)(ri top %qa(ipaxov, Luke 5: 4
Ttf diuxva, V. 5. Acts 9: 25. 27: 17, 30.
Pass. 2 Cor. 1 1 : 33. Sef3t. for nVttJ Jer.
38:6.— Test XII Pair. p. 578. Alciphr.
Ep. L 1.

XctXi^aioQy ov^ o, a Chaldean,
Plur. 01 Xaldaloi the Chaldeans, Chat-
dees, inhabiting Babylonia, including
also in a wider sense Mesopotamia,
comp. Ez. 1: 3. 11: 24. Hence Abra-
ham in removing from Ur in Meso|)o-
tamia, is said to come ix yr^q XaXdaloiv
Acts 7: 4. So t3''Ti?3 ni>J , Heb. iv jjj
/Q^^ Twr Xttkdaioiv, "Gen. 1 1 : 28. Sept.
^ XaXdaliar for '3 ynt$ Jer. 24:5. 25:
12. See Gesen. Lex. art. D'^\Z)3.

XaAsaog^ fj, or, pp. heavy, diffi-
euU, i. e.

a) of things, hard, burdensome, peri-
knu, connected with toil, suffering,



peril ; 2 Tim. 3: 1 iMti^ol joOi^ral -^
Wis<l. 3: 19. Jos. Ant 13. 16. 5 vwrov
XaXtni'}v. Dem. 127, 26. Xeiu An. 3.
2. 2 j(raXc7Ta fih to nagorta, Conv. 4.
37.

b) of persons, harsh, tfem, cmd,
Hdian. 3. 8. 6 ^x^Qog /aX. Xen. Ao. 2.
6. 9. Hence in N. T. of demoniacs,
fierce, furious, raving. Matt 8: 28. — So
of dogs and wild swine, Xen. An. 5. 8.
24. Venat 10. 23.

XaAiyaycoyeco^ to, f. ifcrw, Croi*-
vog, ayvt,) pp. ' to lead or guide with a
bit;' hence to rein in, to bridle^ L q. to
check, to moderate, to restrain, c. ace.
James 1: 26 /i^ /oXiFa/w/c*!' ylMoaof
avtov, 3: 2 oXov irotfjia. — Luc. Tyrann.
4 tag ridovoiy of^ilfig /alixa/w/cly. de
Saltat. 70. Comp. Kypke Oha. II.
p. 421. Loesncr Obs. e Phil. p. 459.

XntAiyo?, ou, o, ( /ai.ciQf, ) a bit,
curb, James 3: 3 Tbtp tJr^ioir lovg /al«-
rovg elg ta atofiaxa palXofitv, Rev. 14:
20. Sept. for aqTj 2 K. 19: 28. Is. 37:
29.— 2 Mace. 10: 29. Philo de Agric.
p. 201. B, /odirov^ iftfiaXopt^. Ael. V.
H. 9. 16. Xen. Eq. 10. 6— la

XdXx€OQ, ea, 4oy, contr. joi-
%Qvg^ ^, ovv, (xalxog,) of copper or
brass, brazen, Rev. 9: 20. Sept for
nrn: Ex. 26: 11, 37. rma 2 Sam.
22:^39. — Hdian. 6. 4. 6. Xen. An. 5.
2.29.

XaAxeuc, dfos:, o, (xalxog,) pp. a
brcLsier, copper-smith ; then gear, of any
worker in metals, a smith, 2 Tim. 4: 14.
Se|it /oilxeiv jifaXxoi; xal ai^if^ov, for
;i;-ii'n Gen. 4: 22. d-Jh 2 Chr. 24: 12.
— "Arr. Epict 4. IL 13 o fih ;|faubRtT
i^moH TO tridrigtop, Luc. D. Deor. 17. 2,
of Vulcan. Xen. H. G. a 4. 17 /oi-
xfig, comp. Ag. I. 26 where it is <ridf-

XccAxffficoy, ovoQ, o, chalcedomy^
a gem including several varieties, one
of which is the modern eamelian; Rev.
21: 19 ; later edit xaf^x^^^ carbuncle.
— Epiphan. Slp&qo^ . . . yivtrat di ip
xaqx^i^opt ir^g Ai^vtig * loTi Hi o x^hc^
dovog xaXovptpog Xi&og na^fgmhlinog
jovKa. Plin. H. N. 37. 8 or 15. Cooip.
Rees' Cyclop, art. Chalcedony and CSems
engraved.



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XahtAnt



887 Xaga



XaXnioy, ou, to, ixaXxog,) L q.
XoXmhov, a hrazen vessel^ Mark 7: 4. —
Poll. On. 6. 109. Xen. Oec. 8. 19.

XaXxoXificeyftVy ou, to, Rev. 1:
15. 2: 18, Vulg. awrtehakmn^ i. e. white
brasMf Jint brags^ a factitious metal
among tlie ancients, formed of the same
ingredients as brass, but in other pro-
portions ; see Rees' Cyclop. arL Ori-
ehaleum. — Suid. x<*^oXl^ayop • tldog
^iUxT^ov JifinoTtgop /^tvou * tatt 5b to
riXfxtQoy iXXotvnor ;^^t'(rZor fitfiiyfdrov
iiXta xai Xi^iitji, The r,XexTf)oy, elec-.
trum, of the ancients, here meant, was
not amber, but a mixed metal composed
of some four parts gold and one part
silver, and distinguished for its bril-
liancy ; see Pausan. 5. 12. 6. Plin. U.
N. JO. 4 or 23. Buttmann iiher das
Elektron, in his Mytliol. II. p. 337 sq.
Passow art. fiXixjQov, — In a similar con-
nexion Ez. 1: 4, 27, and espec. 8: 2,
stands Heb. i^xn , burnished brass,
Sept. and \'u\g.*^itxiQ0Vj eltclrum; but
in Ez. 1: 7 it is bbjj D'OJn: id. Sept.
i^atnqanxwv /oAxo^. Hence Geaenius
suggests, that xf^XxoXlflavov may be ex-
plained from xt*^op Xinaqov, i. q.
V72Xh; Heb. Lex. s. v. — Others regard
it as from (Jreek x^^^^^ a"<i XiPavoq
pp. whiteness, from Heb. "j^lr to be
white, i. q. white or shining brass ; so
Bochart Hieroz. 6. 16. Tom. II. p. 833
sq. Eichhorn in Apoc. 1: 15.

XuAxoc^ oUy o, pp. ore^ melal, of
any kind, Hesych. x^^^^g ' o aidrn^og.
Id. x^Xxovg ' Tot/To ^ti* toD xQ^f^^^ ^^
ifiyvf^ov tXiyop. Comp. Passow s. v.
Cienr. and in N. T. copper, brass, espec
118 wrought and tempered for arms,
utensils, etc.

a) pp. Rev. 18: 12 nar (rxivog in , , .
XoXmov ual vidtJQOv, Sept. for n'C^ns
Gen. 4: 22. Ezra 8: 26.-Palaeph. 10.21
Xen. Cyr. a4. 1.

b) meton. any thing made of copper
or brass; e. g. 1 Cor. 13: 1 /aJUo^ nx^^y
soumlijig brass, i. e. a trumpet or cym-
bal. Also brass or copper coin, money.
Matt. 10:9. Mark 6: 8. 12: 41.— Liban.
Ep. 1211. Luc. Contempl. 11 oUa yag
TOP XaXjtor, ofloXor iitliyiay. So /oX-
wvg Pol. 5. 2a 23. Dem. 1283. 4.



XaAxovs, see XaXntog.



Xafiai, adv. Lat. humi, to or on
the ground, John 9: 6 Jhttvae x^l^^^^ 1^-
6 itntaop x^t***^ Sept. for n^ndi Job
1: 20. Dan. 8: 12.~Judith 12: U.' Joa.
Ant. 7. 7. 1. Luc. D. Mort. 20. 2. Xeo.
Ag. 2. 14.

Xavccay, o, indec. Canaan, Heh.
l?r?* the ancient name of Judea or
Palestine, pp. * the low lands,' in dis-
tinction from the highlands of Libanus
and Syria ; comp. the like distinction
in Scotland, Spoken genr. of the coun-
try on this side Jordan, in antith. to
Gi lead. Num. 33:51. Josh. 22: 9. Jos.
Ant. 2. 15. 3. Also spec, of Phenicia,
the northern part of Canaan at the foot
of Mount Lebanon, whose inhabitanta
call themselves 'j^:3 on coins, Is. 23:11
in Heb. and Sept. So too the Cartha-
ginians, as a colony of the Phenicians,
called themselves Chanani, August, in
Expos. Ep. ad Rom. See Gesen. Lex.
art. p:3 . Rosenm. Bibl. Geogr. II. i.
p. 69.'— In N. T. genr. Acts 7: 11. 13:
19 t&vr^ luTa iv yfj Xa^aav, see in Deut.
7: 1. — Jo.«(. Ant. 1. 6. 2 Xaravalap riip
vvv*fovdalap xalovpirriv.

XayrtvaioQ, a, oVy ( Xwraav, )
Canaanilish, Plur. oi Xavetraloi the Ca^
naanilts, Heb. "^I^wD collect, pp. * the
lowlanders,' as inhabiting the plains of
the Jordan and sea coast, opp. to the
inhabitants of the highlands, Num. 13:
29. Josh. 11: 3 ; comp. in Xavaar,
Then, as a general name for the inhabi-
tants of Canaan or Palestine, Gen. 12: 6.
24:3. 34:30. Josh. 17: 12. Judg. 1:27 sq.
Also spec, of the Pheniciaos, Judg. 1:
32, coll. V. 31 ; see in Xavaav. See
Rosenm. Bibl. Geogr. II. i. p. 251 sq.
Calmet art. Canaaniles. — In N. T. of a
Phenician woman, yvrii Xavavala Matt.
15: 22; comp. Mark 7: 20 where it is
Svqoifolpix^uaa q. v. Sept. ay^^. JCo-
wavalog for '♦:5;:3 Gen. 38: 2.

Xupd, agj t), Cro^w,) joy, rgote-
ing, gladness*

a) genr. Matt. 2: 10 ix^fyrnaav /a^y
fayaXfiP, see in Xa^or a. /?. Luke 1:
14 tarai x^HH* ^^i ual iyaXXiavig. 15: 7,
10. John 3: 29 bia jt«*^ X^^ tut.L



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Xapayfia



888



XapiSQfiicu



tee io XtU^ m. fi. Jobn 15: 11 bii. 16:
20, 21, 22, 24. 17: la Acta 8: 8. 13: 52.
15:3. Rom. 14: 17 x^qu h nptvfiaxi
iylffjoy in the Holif Ghostj L e. the joj
which the Holy Spirit imparts bj his
induences ; and 9o 15: 13. 2 Cor. 1: 24.
2: 3. 7: 4, la 8: 2. Oa>. 5: 22. Phil.
1: 25 /o^a T^f nUnt<af joy o/faiih, i. e.
in and arising from the faith of the
Gospel. 2: 2, 29. 1 Thcss. 1: 6 prra
Z<^og rov nwivfiarog^ comp. Rom. 14: 17
above. 1 Thess. a 9. 2 Tim. I: 4.
Philem. 7 in some edit James 4: 9.
1 Petl: 8. 1 John 1: 4. 2 John 12.
dno x^Qt'i/^^ or for }oy Matt, la 44.
Luke 24: 41. Acts 12: 14. f4ftd x^Qf^i
unthjoy, '}oyfu\\y, rejoicingly. Matt. 13:
20. 28: 8. Mark 4: 16. Luke 8: la 10:
17. 24:52. Acts 20: 24. Phil. 1:4. Col.
1: 11. Heb. 10: 34. 12: 11. la 17. fV
/Off in joy, joyfully, Rom. 15: 32.
SepL for nhau) Jer. 15: 16. Jon. 4: 7.
c. (uta 1 Chr.'29: 22. -jiloiQ Zech. 8:
19. — Pol. 11. 33. 7. Diod. Sic. a 17.
Xen. Cyr. 7. 5. 32. fitra x^Q^i Xen.
Hi. 1. 25.

b) meton. i. q. eause^ ground, occasion
of joy, Luke 2: 10. Phil. 4: 1 x^qa xal
irUtpapoq fiov. 1 Thess. 2: 19, 20. James
1: 2. 3 John 4.

c) meton. i. q. enjoyment, fruition of
joy, Ui$t, Matt. 25: 21, 23 tXira&t tU rijp
X9^v tov uvf^iov aov, i. e. the bliss pre-
pared for thee of thy Lord. Heb. 12:
2 irtl T^c nQOMBiftiriig ain^ X^ifi^' —
Act. Thom. § 53 ifi' t^^ ivanavau avrov
[tov &eov] ivanawn), *a\ uq jyp /a^ar
mirtov urji. ib. § 7.

Xapayfia^ aioc, to, (/tt^aaaw, )
pp. something graven, sculptured, e. g.

a) i. q. a graving, $c\Upiure, sculp-
tured work, as images, idols, Acts 17:
29.— Anthol. Gr. IV. p. 33.

b) i. q. a mark cut in or stamped, a
stamp, sign. Rev. 13: 16, 17. 14: 9, II.
15:2. 16:2. 19:20. 20: 4.— Anacr. 55.
2 nvQog x^(l^yf*^ ^^ ^^ ^^^ stamp on
coin, Plut. AgesL 15 tov de lIi(iaueov
voiUaftatog j|fa^a//uo xolotf^f txortoq,

JCapaxjtfp, t)QOQ, 6, (xaqiinm,)
pp. a graver, graving tool, Lat caelum^
Steph. Byzant in jimndalfiup. Usually,
•oinetbing graven,' cut in, stamped, etc.
a dutraeigr, e. g. a letter, mark, sign,



Jot. Ant 12. 2. 1. Luc. HennoL 44.
Diod. Sic a 67 ; stamp on coin, Arr.
Epict. 4. 2. 17. Diod. Sic 17. 6a In
N. T. impress, image, form ; Heb. 1: 3
XaQwrniif vnotnwnmq xov ntn^^ i. c
the express inoage or counterpart of
God's essence or being ; conip. in 'Txi-
wtaaif c. — ^Hesych. /o^ccxTif^ * o/iOMiric.
Pbilo Quod det. potior, p. 170 tvMmr
tira Mai /cc^axr^o &euig dvwa/MMK' de
Plant. Noe p. 217. Luc. Amor. ^ 44
ai*di saontQa imv arnfio^^esw /a^aam[-
qup ay(faipovg thcopog. Sext Empir. adv.
Log. I. 251. Trop. Plur. Thos. 7 ifi-
ipavij xaQoxTfiQa ttig ev/erslaf. Arr.
Epict. a 22. 80. Comp. Wetst. N. T.
II. p. 387. Eisner Obs. in N. T. IL
p. 333 sq.

JCapa^y axog, o, ( /o^oaw, ) a
pointed stake, pale, c g. for vines Geo-
pon. IV. 12. 289 ; in which sense it is
oflener fem. Lob. ad Phryn. p. 61 sq.
a palCf palisade, LaL vallas, iu fbni6ca-
tion, Pol. 18. 1. 1. Thuc a 70. In N. T.
a rampart, mound, Lat. vaUum, i. c a
military rampart around a camp or a
besieged city, formed of the earth
thrown out of a trench and stuck with
sharp stakes or palisades, Luke 19: 4a
Comp. Adam's Rom. Ant p. 37a SepL
for r:):^b Is, 37: 33. Ez. 4: 2.— Jos. ViL
§ 43 PaXXoiitvog x^9'**^ ^Q^ ''VS Utolt-
fiaittv noiiiog. Arr. Exp. Alex. M. 2l
19.9. Pol. 1.29. a

Xapi^ofiat, f. iaopai, depoo. Mid.
(xaQig,) pp. to gratify, to do what h
grateful and iileosing to any one, c dat
of pers. Ad. V. H. 14. 45. Hdian. 7. I.
23. Xen. Cyr. 1. 1. 5. — In N. T. seq.
ace. c. dat. of pers. to gratify one wdk
any thing, i. e. to give, to grant, to be-
stow, sc. as a matter of gratificatioii, &-
vour. Aor. 1 Pass, ixaqia^^w in pssa.
sense Aces 3: 14. 1 Cor. 2: 12. PhiL 1:
29 ; also fnt. 1 Pass. X'H^^^i^'Ofmt
Philem. 22 ; see Buttm. § lia d. &

a) genr. Luke 7: 21 twploiq nolltSf
ixagiaata to piinur, i. e. he gave them
sight. Rom. 8: 32. 1 Cor. 2: 12. Gak a
la Phil. 1: 29. 2: 9. — 2 Mace. 7: 22.
Jos. Ant. 7. 8. 4. Udian. 1. 17. a PoL
16. 24. 9.

b) i. q. to give up any thlog to any
one. (a) Of perMHia, i. q. to ddiver ^



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XapiP



889



X^ptg



orover, in answer to the demand or
prayer of any one ; Acts 3: 14 fitfj^a-
W&9 uwdga <poy$a jpa^Kr^t/yat v/ili'. 27:
24. Pbilem. 22. Also to the power
and malice of any one for harm or
destruction, Acts 25: 1 1, 16 c^ a^roiJUi-^
w. — Jos. B. J. 1. 27. 5. Dion. Hal.
AnL 10. 6 init. — (/f) Of things, e. g. a
debt, i. q. lo remits to forgive, not to ex-
act ; Luke 7: 42, 43 w da nknop dx^Q^
frvTo. Genr. of wrong, sin, lo forgivtj
not to punish, 2 Cor. 2: 7, 10 ter. 12:
13 ;|fa^Z(r()ur^i fioi rtip adixlar xuvifiv.
Eph. 4: 32 bis. Col. 2: 13. 3: 13 liis. -
Dion. H. Ant. 5. 4 qif^oplfAw^ (ih ay^^co-
nuv tQ/av irti rmlg <piXUtts /a^^ea^a*

Xapiy, adr. see in Xui^ig e.

Xcepig^ iroc, 17, a€c./a^iF,(/a/^cj,)
grace, Lar. gratia^ pp. what causes joy,
pleasure^ gratificaiion.

a) grace, i. e. of external form or
manner; pp. of person, gracefulness,
elegance, Ecclus. 26: 15. Horn. O^l. 2.
12. Ael. V. H. 12. 1 post init. 'Aenaaia . . .
Xtt^hww fiip iif&opictv Hxfv. — In N. T.
only of words, discourse, i. q. grateful*
ft€«f, agreeabUness^ acceptnbUneas ; Luke
4: 22 ^;i« jolg Xoyoii trig ;|fof^tTo$, i. e.
gracious words, Buttm. § 123. n. 4.
£ph. 4: 29 IVa du z^Q^^ 7<><( axovowri,
i. e. that it may miuisier what is accept-
able unto the hearers, dovwai, /or^tr i. q.
X^f^Untt clyai. Col. 4: 6 Xoyog ir /tf^t-
T*, i. q. l6/og x**9^^' So Sept. and ]M
Ps. 45:3.-.Ecclus. 21: la Horn. Od. £
175. Dem. 51.9.

b) gracty i. e. in disposition, feeling
towards any one, i. q. favour, kindmas,
good'wUL, bentvolf.nct, (a) genr. Luke
2: 40, 52 nffoinome /ix^trt nuQci ^f cf) xa\
ar^iftanoiq, (Sept. Ex. 33: 12.) Acts 2:
47 %x^vT(g /a^ty ngog oXov top Xaop,
having favour with alt the people, 4: 33.
7: 10 idonttp avi^t /a^ty ipoptiop ^aQttta,
(Sept. €kn.3D:21.) So tViflanHP xu^ip
iojmd grace or favour, naffu ^t^ Luke
1 : 30. ipwTtiop Tov '9'sov Acts 7 : 46.
impl. Heb. 4: 16. (Sept. Gen. 6: 18. 18:
3. E^th. 2: 16. al.) Also xara&ia&at.
XoiQiP fiyi, to lay down [Engl, to Ihv up]
favour with, any one, to gain favour,
Acts 25: 9. 24: 27 /a^ira^ %aiadia!>ah
tQlf*Iov^aU%^ where for the plur. comp.
112



the Gngl. phrase, ' to be in one^s gft^d
graces,^ Meton. object of favour, some-
thing acceptable, 1 Pet. 2: 19, 20 toi^ro
X^Qig naqa ^it^, i. e. this is something
wcll-pleasing to God ; comp. for the
sense 1 Tim. 2: a 5: 4. Col. 3: 20. —
genr. Hdian. 2, 15. 9. Diod. Sic. la
101. Xen. Hi. 8. 2, 3, 5. %axa&, xuQi^
Hdian. 2. 3. J5. Xen. Cyr. 8. a 2a —
{ft) Of the grace, favour, good-will of
Gk>d and Christ as exercised towards
men ; e. g. where x^gtg is joined with
tlgrivri, eXtog, and the like in salutations,
including the idea of every kind of fa-
vour, blessing, good, as proceeding ino
TOV &tov naj(fog xal uvqIov^L Xq, Rom.
h 7. 1 Cor. l:a 2 Cor. 1: 2. Gal. 1: 3 ;
and BO in the introduction to most of
the epistles. Rev. 1: 4. Also ^ /of^f(
f^v 9tvQiov *I, X, in the l>enedictions at
the close of most of the epistles, Rom.
16: 20, 24. 1 Cor. 16: 23. 2 Cor. 13: la
Gal. 6: 18. al. Simpl. r\ x^Q^S i" ^ like
sense, Eph. 6: 24. Col. 4: 18. 1 Tim. 61
21. 2 Tim. 4:22. Tit. a 15. Heb. la
25. — Of Christ, genr. Acts 15: 11 8ia
lyg Xaqtioq tov x. '/. X^. TTiarevofttP <roi-
^fipai, 2 Cof. 8: 9. 1 Tim. 1: 14. — Of
God, genr. i. q. the gracious feeling of
approbation, benignity, love, which God
exercises toward any of the human
race; comp. above in a. So c. tov
^lov or tbfi like. Acts 14: 3 ra Xo/o^ t^$
Xfigirog airtov, the word of his grace, i. e.
the gospel, i. q. to tvay/eXiop T^?/. tov d*-
ov 20: 24. Acts 14: 26 et 15: 40 naqadih-
^elg ifj /cf^iTA Toi; S'tov, Rom. 3:24
dixaiovfifpot, dmqtap ifj ainov j^fcr^iTk 1
Cor. 15: 10 ter. 2 Cor. 1: 12. 9: 14. 12: 9
agxtl cot 91 /a^<? fiov. Gal. 1 : 15. Eph.
1: 6. Heb. 2: 9. 1 Pet. 4: 10. al. With
tov ^eov or the likeimplied, Act8l8:27
ToXg ntnitntvxaat dia T^^/a^tro^. Rom,
4: 16. 11:5 comp. in 'ExXopj, 11:6
qiiatcr. 12: 6. 2 Thess. 2: 16. Heb. 2:9
/a^trt &tov i. e. through the gracious
counsel of God. 4: 16. al. Here too be-
long the phrases ir /ffpiTA rfj rov */. Xq,
Rom. 5: 1.5, ir ;ifot^iT» X^. Gal. 1:6, i. e.
^e grace of God through Christ ; also
Heb. 10: 29 to nrtvfia -iijg ;(fapiToc ^
Spirit of grace, i. e. which is the gift
and earnest of the divine favour. — (/)
Spec, of the divine grace and favour as
exercised in conferring giftsi graeM



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Xdfig



890



Xapiefia



beoefitf on roan ; 3 Cor. 4: 15 Ttv ^ /a-

^1^ nltovaaaam dia xw nluovwv fijf t v-
XOi^inlctr ntifiacufrp, 8 : 1 tijf /cr^*y
Tou ^00^ jiiv dtdofuyrjv h taif iwd.fnal''
OK Tfi$ Max. Jainesi 4: 6 his. 1 Pet. 5:
5. -* Particularly as manifeated in the
benefits bestowed in and through Christ
and his Gospel, etc. Eph. 4: 7. 1 Pet.
1: 10 01 m^l T^; uq vfiag /a^tro; nQO-
^^evcawttg, v. J 3. Or sk exhibited
in the |>ardon of sins and admission to
the divine kingdom, i* e. saving ^rrace ;
c. totf 0tov, Rom. 5: 15 ^ /tf^t^ loif &iov
Koi i ituQicu Gul. 2:21. Tit. 2. 11. a 7.
1 Pet. 5: 12. x^^tg Co*^^ I Per. a- 7.
Simpl. id. Rom. 1:5. 5:2, 17, 20, 21. (k
1, 14, 15 ov% iiffup VTto voftoy, all' vtto
Xoiftv, Gat. 5: 4. £pb. 2: 5, 8 jifa^iW itni
ffMwrftipou 1 Pet. l:ia al.

c) grace, i. e. in act and deeil, act of
grace, i.q. /arour conferred, akindnesSf
benrJUf benefaction, (a) genr. Rom. 4:
4 o fiia&og ov XoyiSfiat xaia x^Q^^> o^^t
nara oq>dlfifia. Acts 25: 3 aijovfupoi
XO(ftv xot' aitov, i. e. osiking a favour
against Paul, to bis prejudice, viz. that
he might be sent for to Jerusalem. So
of a gijl^ alms, I Cor. 16: 3 answeyxtlw
rtiv /o^iy vfitiy ik 'itifowraXfifA. 2 Cor.
8:4, 6. 7, 19. — Dion. Hal. AnL 2. 15
fin. Hdian. 2. a 19. Pol. 1. 31. 6. Xen.
Ag. 4. 3, 4. Hi. a 4. — (/J) Of the di-
vine favours, benefits, blessings, gifls,
conferred on man through Christ and
bis Gospel $ genr. John 1: 14 nXiif^
XagiTog xal aXfi&dag, v. 16 bis jt^^iy
iirri /cx^«TO(, see in *Avtl no. 1. v. 17.
Acts 11: 23 idoiv Tf}y x^9^^ '^ov &gov, 1
Cor. 1: 4. 2 Cor. 9: 8. Col. 1:6. 1 Pet.
4: 10 €jg xaXol oixorofioi rtjg noixiXfig
Xagi'Tog -^eov. Jude 4. So espec. the
gift of the Gospel, solvation Uy grace in
Chfist ; Ads 13: 43 nQotrfiivup irj /a^i-
Ti ToD Seov. 2 Cor. 6: I. Phil. 1: 7 <ru/-
Tioivoivovg fiov lijg xotgitog, i. e. felluw-
partakers with mc in the grace of the
Gospel, lleh. 12: 15. la 9 xaXoi^ yaQ
jlfO^ATA pi^atovodai iiiv xagdiay^ ov I3(f<a-
fiaaiv, it is good that tt\e heart be made
sieadfasl in grace, not in meats, i. e. in
the grace of the Gonpel, the Gospel
doctrines ; conif). for the sense, Rom.
14: 15, 17. — S|HJC. of the grace or gift
of the apostleshiiN the apostolic office.
Rom. 12: 8 Xi/» yit^ M t^g x^^^^



riig do&dafis fUH. 15c 1& 1 Cor. & Id
Gal 2:9. Epb. a 2, 8. 2Tifn.2:l.—
{/) Meton. i. q. graiifieationf pUaswtf
joy, sc. as arising from a favour or ben-
efit received ; 2 Cor. 1: 15 dflovXofnfw
ngog vfiag iX&th nQon^^r, 7wa dsv iif ttr
/o^iF &CTF, where some Mas. read /»-
gay. Philero. 7 in some edit, /a^ fsf
tX^ftsr ftolX^y xai naQOMkffatv, where
also others read /ffpor. — Opp. to Xmi
Tob.7:18. Eurip. Helen. 661 or 665 ^
dk diixqvct . . . nXiov txux^t'^ogyXvsfu;.
d) grace, sc. in reUim for ^vours,
benefits, hiM. gratia, French grdecs, Iq.
gratitvuie, thanks ; e. g. noia Vfuw x^f^
ioTi ; tohat thank have ye^ i. e. what
thanks do ye deserve, Luke 6: 32, 33;
34. x^9^^ Cf "^ ^"'A La^ gratias ha-
6«r«, to give thanks, Luke 17: 9. 1 Tim.
1: 12. a Tim. 1:3. Heb. 12:28; comp.
in *'Exf>' c. fi. (2 Mace a 33. Joe. Ant.
7. 9. 4. Pol. 5. 104. 1, Xen. Mem. a 11.
2.) So /o^fff T^ &toi Rom. 6c 17. 1
Cor. 15: 57. ? Cor. 2: 14. ft la 9: 15u
Dat. /cr^tr* unth thanks, thankfully, 1
Cor. 10: 30. ir /o>«n id. Col. a Id -
genr. Diod. Sic. 1. 90 r^r ofiotfiitP t^k
iiQog tovg svtqyiiag xaqtxog. Luc. Tim.
36 ao\ gap xal tc^ Ju nXeiarti jrofi^
Asin. 4. Hdian. 5. 1. la Xen. Mem. 4.

a a

c) Accus. x^9^^ '^B ^^^' ^^ prep* c.
gen. Buttm. § 146. u. 2. § 115. 4 ; LaL
gratia, pp. in favour of, in hehay o/J
hence i. q. on account of, because of,
usually put like gratid after the case it
govern?, Buttm. 1. c. Luke 7: 47 ov /•-
^ty, on which account, wherefore, Elph.
a 1 et 14 lovtov x^Qt^t on this account^
for this cause. Gal. 3: 19 j&r nu^mfian-
otPx^Q^^' 1 l^i")* ^1^ '^'*^' l:5»ll.
Jude 16. Once before its case in aa
interrogation, 1 John a 12 xal /tr^trT^
rog trqttt^sr avtop ; comp. Henn. ad
Vig. p.700. Non. al.—Bcclus. 35 [32]:
2. Hdian. a 2. 61. Xen. Mem. 1. 2.54.
Before iis gen. Ecclus. 37:5. PoL 1. 64.
a Curip. Audroro. 1228 or 1233. Ak

XdgioUa, a IOC, to, ( jro^o^
q* V.) a gift, grant, benefit, a good con-
ferred, Hesych. /a^Mr/ia ' M^ov. In
N. T. only of gifts and grncea imparted
from God, e. g. deliverance from peril,
2 Cor. 1: 11 ; a gift or quality of tba



Digitized by VjOOQ IC



Xapirow



891



X€ifJi€av



tnind* 1 Cor. 7: 7 ; gifts of Christian
knowledge, consolation, confidence,
Rom. 1: 11. 1 Cor. 1:7; redemption,
salvation through Christ, Rom. 5: 15,

16. 6: 2a 1 1: 29. Spec, of the Ckaria-
mata or miraculous gifts imparted to
the early Christians and particularly to
Christian teachers by the Holy Spirit,
Rom. 12: 6. I Cor. 12: 4, 9 /a^/cr^ara
ioftaxw. V. 28, aO, 31. 1 Pet. 4: 10.
As communicated with the laying on
of hands, 1 Tim. 4: 14. 2 Tim. 1: 6.
Comp. Upvjfta p. &76. fi,

XapiTOCOy (Oy f. cuiTitt, (/a^*ft ) to
grace, to supply with grace, i. e. to make
gracious, grateful, acceptable, Pass, to be
gracious, grateful, acceptable, Ecclus. 18:

17. Liban. IV. p. 1071.— In N.T. spok-
en only of the divine favour; Luke 1:
28 /ai^t, xs/aQiTtafieyrj, hail, thou fa-
voured sc. of Grod. Also of spiritual
graces ; Eph. 1:6 iv ti [/cx^ii^] i/aqltfa-
4nr ^fjuig with which [grace] he hath
graced us, i. e. in which he both richly
imparted grace unto us, sc. in the for-
giveness of our sins, comp. v. 7.— Test.
XII Pair. p. 698 ir q>vXaM^ VFt^j xai o
{rnrriQ ixaglxwiri fie iv diafiol^ xai

XctQQcivy ^, indec. Charran, Heb.



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