Edward Robinson.

A Greek and English lexicon of the New Testament online

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1: 9. — Arisiot. Probl. Sect. 31. Suid.
ffivunourtp' axQOig ioXgo(p^aXfioXg7i^oa-
i(TXB, fivtanaiat yaq to xoftfAVtu.

3I(jo/.coyty (onoQy o, (/uaoi, o/ufo),) a
stripe, weal, i. e. mark of a stripe or
blow, trop. 1 Pet. 2: 24 ot/ tm /MoZonr*
iadtitt, i. e. collect, stripes, quoted from
Is. 53: 5 where Sept. for n";'jnn.— pp.
Luc. Philopseud. 20. Plut. Aetii. PauL

19 fin.

McofiaofJiai, €0(xaiy £ rtaopuu, de-
pon. Mid. (/icii/uo;,) to find fault with, f»
carp at, to blame, c. ace. 2 Cor. 8: 20.
Aor. 1 ifi(afi7]div as pass. 2 Cor. 6: 3
\'ya fitj fKDfiij&fj ^ diaxovla ^fitay, comp.
Buttm. § 113. n. 6.— Wisd. 10:14. Luc
D. Deor. 20. 2. Hom. II. a 412.

31co(JLOQy ov, 6, fault, i. e. fault-
finding, censure, Ecclus. 18: 15. PUiL ed.
R. IX. p. 263. 6. In N. T. fauU as
found, blemish, trop. stmn, disgratt^ 2
Pet. 2: 13 (mXkoi xa\ lAwfioi, — pp. Sept.
for 12173 of a bodily defect. Lev. 12: 16
sq. Deut. 15: 21. Anthol. Gr. f. p. 74,
75.

Mco^alyca, f. ay«5, (^o*^,) pp. fa
make dull, not acute, see in Mti^of.
Hence

a) of impressions on the taste, Pass.
to become insipid, tasteless, to lose its sa-
vour, as salt. Matt. 5: 13 et Luke 14:34
iuv Se TO alag finffop^fj, Comp. Tbo-
luck Bergpred. p. 122.

b) of the mind, to make foolish, L e.
to shew to be foolish, c. ace. 1 Cor. 1:

20 ffibtqavty b O^tog Ti)y aoipiay tov xoa-
fiov. Pass. Rom. 1: 22 fpaaxowztg ttwm
aoipol ifMnqav&Ji^ay, they became foolish^
i. e. acted like fools. Sept trans, for
bDd Is. 44: 15. Pass, for ^DD: 2 Sam.
24*1 10. n?a3 Is. 19: 11.— liprofcmj
writers fmgalyn in this sense is intrans.



Digitized by VjOOQ IC



Mnofici



531



NalapdO-



to he fooltsh, to act fooliihly, Luc. D.
Mort 13. a Xen. Mem. 1. 1. 11.

Mcopta^ ag^ ij, {tiioii6q,)foay,fool'
iihness, absurdxty^ spoken of what seems
foolish and absurd, 1 Cor. 1: 18 o Xoyo^
. • . tdig fih inoXXv(iiyoig (lOiqia daii,
V. 21, 23. 2: 14. 3: 19.— Ecclus. 20: 31.
Dcm. 128. 10. Thuc. 5. 41.

JUcopoAoyia^ ac, ^, ( fivt^oXoyog
from fuoQogj Ae/oi,) foolish talk, empty
discourse, Eph. 5: 4. — So fAugoXo/iip
Plut. cd. R. VI. p. 669. 8.

MtopoQ, €3f, oV, pp. duU, not acutej
e. g. of impressions on the taste, insipid,
taatdesB, Dioscor. 4. 18. p. 122. Hip-
pocr.de Diaeta 2. 27. 2. Comp. Tho-
luck Bergpred. p. 122. In N.T. of the
nnnd, stupid, foolishj and 6 ^copo^subst.
a fool ; e. g. of persons. Matt. 7: 26
oftot»&^<ntm avd(fl fMtgta, 23: 17 ^ai^o»
no* TWpXoL V. 19. 2i5: 2 ul ntrvt noiqal
0C na^spou v. 3, 8. 1 Cor. 3: 18. 4:
10. So prob. Matt. 5: 22, where others
render it toicked, impious, like Heb. b^3
Sept. Sq^Qw Ps. 14: 1. 53: 2. Job 2: l6]
but ftmi^ no where else has this sense.
Comp. Tholuck Bergpr. p. 178 sq.
(Arr. Epict. 3. 22. 85.) Of things,
1 Cor. 1: 25 TO firnqov xov ^sov i. e.



what men count foolish in the ordinan-
ces and proceedings of God, comp. v.
23, 24. V. 27 Tu fibtga rov xoofkov. 2
Tim. 2: 23 et Tii. 3: 9 in^tntq ft. Sept.
of pers. for i^z Deut. 32: 6. Is. 32:5,6.
^"•03 Ps. 94: 8.— Luc. Paras. 25. Xen.
Cyr.*3. 3. 45. of things Luc. Epigr. 1.
Xen. ib.

Mo^arjg or Mtoi/aevg, dcog, o, al-
so JUfouoTfg^ ov^ and in some edit.
Moidriq^ ov, Malt. 17: 4. John 5: 46. al.
Moses, Heb, 1i'^l2 (drawn out sc. from
the water), pr. n. of the great Hebrew
prophet and legislator. On the forms
and flexion, gee Winer § 5. p. 44. § 10.
The form Moiarjg, gen. itag, comes
from Heb. n^73, and is found chiefly
in the Evangelists, Matt. 8:4. 17:3. 23;
2. Mark 1: 44. 9: 4, 5. Acts 3: 22. al.
— Moi'vaijg and Moivatvg, also in Sept.
and Josephus, and in some editions
everywhere in N. T. are derived from
the Egyptian form, see Gesen. Lex. art.
m;J73 . Jos. Ant 2. 9. 6 lo ^a^ vdtaff fidi
oi AiyvjtTiot xakotffir, iJoi/y di tovg i^
vdajog (na&iyrag, comp. c. Apion. 1. 31.
E. g. M(av<nig, gen. ov, Acts 6: 14. 7:
35, 37. Matt. 17: 4. al. Muvatvg Acts
15: 1, 5. 2 Tim. 3: 8. al. — Meton. for
the hooks of Moses, tbe Pentateuch, Luke
16:29,31. 24:27. Al.



Naaacov^ 6, indec. Muxson, Heb.
^^iljh: (diviner), pr. n. of a chief of Ju-
dah, whose sister was the wife of
Aaron, Matt. 1:4 bis. Luke 3:32.
Comp. Ex. 6: 23. Num. 2: 3.

'Nayyal^ 5, indec. JSTaggae, pr. n.
of a man, Luke 3: 25.

Na^ap€& or Naiaigtr, ^, indec. J^az-
areth^ proK Heb. n5{3, Aram. n«'i:r3,
(a'twig,) see Hengstenb. Christol. Vol. II.
init Bibl. Repos. IV. p. 182 sq. pr. n.
of a small city in lower Galilee, just
north of the great plain of Elsdraelon,
and about mid-way between the lake of



Tiberias and the Mediterranean. It
lies at the foot and on the side of a hill
facing the E. and 8. E. along a small
valley or basin entirely shut in by hills,
except a narrow rocky gorge toward
the south leading to the great plain.
Here is now shewn the supposed place
where the men of the city were about
to cast Jesus down from the precipice^
Luke 4: 2$. See Rosemn. Bibl. Geogr.
II. ii. p. 85 sq. Jowett's Chr. Res. p. 128,
and in Calmet sub. v. Miss. Her. 1824.
p. 307. — Matt. 2: 23.* 4: 13. 21: 11.
Mark 1: 9. Luke 1: 26. 2: 4, 39, 51. 4:
1& John 1: 46, 47. Acts 10: 38.



Digitized by VjOOQ IC



Na^aprp^og



532



Naos



Na^apffyog, o*/, o, a Mazarem^
j. e. an inhHbitaDt of Nazareth, 8|K>ken
of Je8u«, Mark 1: 24. 14: 67. 16: 6.
Luke 4: 34.

i. q. JV(fzaren«, au inhabitant of Naza-
reth, in Home editions written AaCaaal-
og in Matt. 2: 23. 26: 71. John 18: 7. —
Spoken of Jesus, Matt. 10: 47. 26: 71.
Luke 18: 37. 24: 19. John 18: 5, 7. 19:
19. Acts 2: 22. 3: 6. 4: 10. 6: 14. 22:8.
26: 9. Matt. 2: 23 I'lt Na^taQolog xAi^^iJ-
a$Tat he shall be called a Aazarene, i. e.
looking to the etymology of the name
(see in Naiagi^) he shall be called a
shoot, branch, in alhi.sion to such pas-
sages as Is. 11:1. 53:2. Zech. 3: 8.
6: 12, etc. but here also implying re-
proach, from the contempt in which
Nazareth was held. See Hengstenb.
Christol. Vol. II. init. Bibl. Repos. IV.
p. 186 sq — Once of Christians in con-
tempt, as the followers of Jesus of Naz-
areth, Acts 24: 5.

Nad-ay, o, indec. MUhan, Heh. -jna
(given sc. of God), pr. n. of a son of
David, Luke 3: 31. Comp. 2 Sam. 5:
14.— Not the prophet Nathan 2 Sam. 7:
2 sq. 12: 1 sq.

Nad-ayat^Aj o, indec. JS/athanael,
Heb. b»trn3 (given of God), pp. i. q.
OBodciiffog Tlieodore, pr. n. of a disci-
ple of Christ, supposed to be the same
with the apostle BaQ&oXofioiog q. v.
John 1: 46, 47, 48, 49, 50. 21: 2.

Nat adv. of affirmation, yccr, yes,
eertairdy.

a) pp. in answer to a question. Matt.
9: 28 Ttunsvtre on dvyafAUt tovto notij-
«r«*/ Xiyovtrtv avT(^' val,xvgie. 13:51.
17: 25. 21: 16. John 11: 27. 21: 15, 16.
Acts 5: 8. 22: 27. Rom. 3: 29.— Ael. V.
H. la 4. Xeu. Mem. 4. 2. 20.

b) as expressing assent to the words
or deeds of another. Matt. 11: 26 val,
o naziiQ, [»c. og&ag Ttoiiig,] oii ovrotg x,
%. L Luke 10: 21. Rev. 16: 7. 22: 20
palf ^x^^ xvQitj in some edit. — Act.
Thorn. § 17, 18. Xea. Mem. 2. 7. 14.—
Seq. ual introducing a subsequent limi-
tatjoo or modification. Matt. 15: 27 et
Sf ark 7: 98 yal, xvgur nal yag la xvm-
gia X. I. X. comp. in rdg I. b, fin. Vi-



ger. p.424.-rArr. Epict. 2. la 20. Pb.
to Soph. p. 226. E.

c) intens. in strong affirmation, as-
severation, Luke 11: 51 viu, Xiyn vfu^,
ixir}Jtj&riasiai, x, r. L 12: 5 paly liym
vfHVf Tovioif (pojiri^rirt, yea, I say unio
you, fear him. Philem. 20. Rev. 1: 7 roi,
afifiv. 14: 13. 22: 20 ral, tgxcfia$ f^
(Arr. Epict. 2. la 21. comp. Horn. II.
1. 234. Find. Nem. II. 30. Vig. p. 424.)
Also e:eq. xai, yea and more also. Matt.
11: 9 et Luke 7: 26 y^al, ^iyu t^^, wmt
Ttfgiaaottgoy ngo<p7iTO\\ yea, tnuL mare
than a prophet. — Xen. Conv. 8. 4. —
With the art. to val, yea, i. e. the word
yea. 2 Cor. 1: 17 VVa j/ nag ffiol to rtu,
vol, xal TO ov, ov. V. 20. James 5: 12.
V. art. impl. 2 Cor. 1: 18, 19 bis. Matr.
5: 37. Comp. Tholuck Bergpr. p. 300.

A^flr/V, »], indec. JVain, a town of
Galilee situated according to Eusebius
about two miles south of Mount Tabor^
neur Endor, Luke 7: 1 1. See Roserao.
Bibl. Geogr. II. ii. p. 94.

Naog, ou, o, (vaUo to dwell,) pp.
dwelling, hence <em/?/e, Tone, as the dwell-
ing of a god ; in classic writerq inoscly
i. q. Ugov, though sometimea tpokea of
the interior and most saered part of a
tem|>le where the image of the god was
set up, Hdot. 1. 183.— Hence in N. T.

a) genr. of any temple, i¥ /f«^o7ioiif-
loig vaolg Acts [7: 48.] 17: 24. — Hdian.
7. a la Xen. Mem. a a 10— So Acta
19: 24 noirbiy vaovg agyvgovg *Agriuidog
silver shrines of Diana, i.e. miniature
copies of the temple of Diana at Epb-
CSU8) containing a small image of the
goddess. Such shrines of other gods
were also common, made of gold, sil-
ver, or wood, and were jiurchased bj
pilgrims and travellers, probably as me-
morials, or to be used in their devotiona.
Sve Hammond and Weistein in loc. —
Artemid. IV. 34 Kgattvog 6 ^fdngog,
igyvgiov vaov igytnunaxi^ do^ag fipai.
Dioil. Sic. 1. 15, 97. ib. 20. 14 tutfufHtr
ds xal rovg ix tuiv lfgb$v xQ'^'^ovg ptMOvq
Tolg icptdgvfiaai, ngog irip ixHriar. Hdot.
2.63 TO di ayaXfia, iov h t^ fuxg^ |v-
iirqi xaraxixgvao^rtji x.x. L comp. Di*
on. Hal. 2. 12 lu tijg *£(p^irimg*A^fjifud^
i(pidgvfia%a nag "^jlAijaiy.

b) of tha lemple at Jeruaalaoiy ar m



Digitized by VjOOQ IC



Naovfn,



533



Nsayiaxos



•UuBion to it, but spdien only of Ike
Jwu or edifioo itself, id distioetion fVoni
If^Pi wbioh iooluded alao tbe courts
and other eppurtenances, see */t^. —
(a) pp. MatL 23: 16 bis qg ap ofMOtni ip
t^ po^ , . , ivita XQWT^ ToC paov, x. 17,
21. V. 35 futei^v iqv vaov xal xoi; ^twt-
mmiifiov, i. e, the ahar of burnt offer-
ings which stood iu the court of the
priests before the entrance of the paog,
see in ft^op. 27: 5 ^Ufnrag ia iq/vufia
ip ly pao^, pfob. in the entrance of the
raoct since Judas could not enter with-
in it 36: 61 et 27: 40. Mark 14: 58 et
15:2a Luke I: 9, 21, 22. John 2: 20.
2 Thess. 2: 4. For the wnvmixaafia
. xov poov Matt. 27: 51. Mark 15: 38.
Luke 23: 45, see in XoroTi^crcr/uo. Sept.
for bS-^ri 1 K. 6: 5, 17. Ps. 5: 8. 11: 4.
— Jos. Ant. 8. 4. 1. ib. 11. 4. 3. — (p)
Symbol, of the temple of God in hea-
Ten, to which that of Jerusalem was to
correspond, comp. Heb. 8:5. 9: 11. So
Rev. 3: 12. 7: 15. 11: 1, 2, 19 bis, f^poi-
yij paog Tov ^(ov ip jta ov(^pm x, t. I,
14: 15, 17. 15: 5, 6, 8 his. 16: 1, 17.
21: 22 bis — Test. XII Patr. p. 550.
comp. Wisd. 3: 14.— (/) Metaph. of per-
sons in whom God or his Spirit is said
to dtrell or act, e. g. the body of Jesus,
John 2: 19, 21. of Christians 1 Cor.
3: 16, 17 bis. 6: 19. 2 Cor. 6: 16 his.
Eph. 2: 21. - Act. Thorn. § 12 ylpsa&B
ymoi iiytoi,

]^aov/Li^ o, indec. JVakum, Heb.
a^nj (comfort), pr. n. of an ancestor of
JesMs, not the prophet, Luke 3: 25.

A orprJbc, ou, fit nard, i. e. the ori-
ental or Indinn spikenard, andropagon
nardus of Linn. Heh. T-iD , Sanscr.
narda, Plin. H. N. 12. 12' or 26. See
Celsii Hierobot. 11. p. 1 sq. Jones on
the Spikennrd of the Ancients, in Asiat.
Researches V^ol. V. The ancients
extracted from it an oil or ointment
which was highly prized, Theoplir. H.
Plant. 9. 7. Dioscor. 1. QCy. comp. Ti-
bull. 2. 2. 7. Hor. Epod. 5. 59. Ovid.
Art. Am. 3. 443. - Hence in N. T. fiv-
gop pupdou 7ti4mxiig ointment of pure
spikenard, i. e. the most precious, Mark
II: 3. John 12: 3.— Sept. for n-)3 Cant.
1: 12. 4: 13, 14.

NapM4!$aoc, ov, 6,JSrarci$$u$^ (pp.



a flower,) pr. n, of a man at Roroe^
Rom. 16: 11. He is supposed to have
been the freed-nuin and favourite of the
emperor Claudius, comp. Sueton. Claud.
28. Tacit. Annal. 12. 57.

Navayico^ (S^ f. i{«ro), (pavayog on^
shipwrecked, from p^vg Sypvfn,) to moiU
skxpvcrtck, i. e. to be shiptmrtoked, intrans.
2 Cor. 11: 25 tglg ipavaytiaa. Trop. 1
Tim. 1: 19 utgl t»)v nUmp, — pp. Dem.
910. 7. Xen. Cyr. 3. 1. 24. trop. Philo
de Somn. p. 1128. D.

ahip'oumer, nauderus, i. e. the master or
owner of a trading vessel, who took
passengers and freight for hire. Acts 27:
11. Comp. Adam's Rom. Ant. p. 406.
—Jos. Ant. 9. 10. 2. Pol. 4. 6. 1. Xen.
Mem. 2. 6. 38.

iKuug, gen. vtdg^ ace. vavp^ n»
see Buttm. §58. p. 99, (from patafPava,)
a ship, vessel, Acts 27: 41. Sept. for
-•:» 1 K. 9: 26. n*:N Job 9: 26. ^
Hdian. 1. 11. 11. Xen7 H. G. 1. 6. 19.

NavrifQ, OVy o, (pavg,) a ship-man^
sailor, seaman. Acts 22: 27, 30. Rev. 18:

17. — Jos. Ant. 9. 10. 2. Xen. H. G. 7.
1. 12.

Na/iop, 0, indec. JVdhor, Heb.
^inj (snorting^ jir. n. of tbe grand-
father of Abraham, Luke 3; 34. Comp.
Gen. ll:22 8q.

Neayiac^ ovy o, (ptip, piog,) a
youth, a yaunfc man. Acts 20; 9. 23: 17,

18, 22. Sept. for -153 Judg. 16: 26. —
Hdian. 1. 9. 2. Xen." Mem. 3. 1. 2. —
Spoken of Saul i. e. Paul, Acts 7: 58,
where however it determines nothing
definitely as to his age ; since ptaplag,
like piapifTxog, was applied to men in
the vigour of manhood, up to the age
of 40 years ; see in Niopurxog. So of
soldiers, Sept. for *^in3 2 Sam. 6: 1. 1
Chr. 19: 10. also Hdian. 6. 8. 7. Xen.
Cyr. 2. 2. 6. of Mars Luc. D. Deor.
15.3.

^eat^ioxog^ Qu^ o, (pmp, piog,) a
youth, a young man, Mark 14: 51 ilg ug
pioplaxog, 16: 5. Luke 7: 14. Sept. for
nr: 1 Sara. 17: 55. Is. 3: 3. nr^ Ezra
l(h"l Jos. AnL 6. 9. 2. Ael. V. H. 9.



Digitized by VjOOQ IC



NednoAig



534



Niiepog



W. Xen. An. 7. 2. 33. — So of young
men in the prime and vigour of man-
hood up to the age of 40 years or more.
Matt 19: 20, 2^ comp. Luke 18: 18
where it is a^/wy. Acts 5: 10 vtavl-
•<rxoi> i. e. the younger members of the
community, i. q. pime(foi in v. 6. Opp.
to nf^pintqoh or Trori^c;, Acts 2: 17. 1
John 2: 13, 14. Of soldiers Mark 14:
^1. So Sept for ^^3 Gen. 41: 12.
Josh. 6: 23. D"»uf3fi« Josh. 2: 1, 23. —
Pol. 5. 25. a Hdiai 7. 6. 3. Xen. Cyr.
•5. 1.9, 13. Phavorin. vtavlaxoq an it^r
^^xo(rvtg&mp ^g hiiv TqianoinaxhavaqfaVy
•fj xtfftraqanorta kvoq,

NeanoAiQ, £cac, ^, (viog, noXig,)
^tapolis, a city and port of Macedonia
on the Sinus Strymonicus, a few miles
£. S. E. of Philippi, on the confines of
Thrace, Acts 16: 11. — Slrabo \ll. p.
330. Plin. H. N. 14 18.

N^Bfiav, o, indec. JSTaaman^ Heb.
y^^\ (pleasantness,) pr. n. of a Syrian
warrior and captain, Luke 4: 27. Comp.
2 K. c. 5.

Nexpog, ov, o, ( Wxvc, ) dead, as
aubst and adj. pp. only of persons or
trop. in allusion to them.

I. Subst one dead, a dead person,
and this is the Homeric and eariy usage,
see Passow in voc.

a) dead body, corpse^ Matt. 23: 27 yi-
fiovtnv htnitip voiq&r. Rev. 20: 13.
Sept for rtba3 Deut 28: 6. Jer. 7: 31.
—Jos. B. f.l. 9. 1. Hdian. 4. 15. la
Xen. Cyr. 4. 6. 5. H. G. 3. 2. 5.

b) genr. a dead person, plur. the dead,
e. g. (a) as yet unburied, Matt 8: 22
^atpa^ tovs rtxqovg, Luke 7: 15. Heb.
9: 17. So for one slain Rev. 16: 3.
Sept for na Gen. 22: 3 sq.— Pol. 2. 34.
12. Hom. IK23.5L— (/J) as buried, laid
in a sepulchre, and therefore as being
in ^drig q. v. and see also Gesen. Lex.
art biM«Z^> Luke 16: 30 idr rig ino
r&tq&v noQsv&fi ngog ainolg, John 5:
25 oi vexqol ixovaot^at t^; uptaprjg t. vlov
T. ». Acts 10:42. Rom. 14:9. Heb. 11:
35. Rev. 1: 18. So ol rtxgol h Xqi-
0T$ i. e. those who have died in the
Christian faith. Sept for 0*^2173 Ecc.
9: 5. Is. 8: 19. (Luc. D. Mort'3. 1, 2.
ib. 22. Z Hom. Od. 11. 34.) In refer-



ence to being raised again from the
dead, resurrection, e. g. (arrrec i* vntqw
trop. Rom. 6: 13. (ayi) in r. trop. 11:
15, see in Zttr^ a. o. So inonouh xovg
y. Rom. 4: 17. iyeiquv xovg rtx^vg
Matt 10: 8. John 5: 21. Acts 26: &
2 Cor. 1: 9. iyiiqup xiva ino v. ix vat-
Q^ Matt 14: 2. 27: 64. Acts 3: 15.
Gal. 1: 1. 1 Thess. 1: 10. oi'aoT^rcu
ix rwv ptxqwv Matt. 17: 9. Luke 16: 3L
John 20: 9. trop. Eph. 5: 14. ava-
aiaoig rap vexqStv Matt 22: 31. Acts 17:
32. Rom. 1:4. 1 Cor. 15: 13,21,42.
ai*. 17 ix vixqwp Acts 4: 2. i^ttyaaramg
Tuy p, Phil. 3: 11. — (/) emphat oi wm-
Qol the dead, i. e. utterly dead, extinct.
Matt 22: 32 ovx taxtr 6 ^tog vatqAp, ai-
liifopTw. Mark 12: 27. Luke 20: 38.
— (d) trop. plur. those dead to Christ
and his Gospel, spiritually dead. Matt
8: 22 aqttg toiv vtxqovg x, t, L let the
spiritually dead bury their dead, i. e. let
no lesser duty keep you from the one
great duty of following me. Luke 9:
60. So Rom. 6: la 11: 15. Eph. 5: 14,
see in /? above.

IL Adj. viKQog, a, op, dead, in At-
tic and later usage.

a) pp. Matt S^: 4 iyipopxo &ati ror-
QoL Acts 20: 9 aca« fiq^ ptxqog was ta-
ken up dead, i. e. for dead. 28: 6. Rev.
1: 17. Sept for m 2 Sam. 19: a Is.
27:36.— Luc. D. Deor.7.4. ib. Phllopa.
3L Arr. Epict 1. 9. 33.— Trop. for lost,
perished, given up as dead, e. g. the
prodigal son Luke 15: 24, 32, paralL
with anolnktag. — Aristoph. Ran. ^0.
Menand. Incert. fab. 188. p. 249. ed.
Mein.

b) metaph. in opp. to the life of the
Gospel, e. g. (a) of persons, dead to
Christ and his gospel uind so exposed
to punishment, spiritually dead. Rev. 3:
1. c. dat of cause or manner, Eph. 2:
1 ^iiulig oPTog pexqovg mtganrtaftaau v. 5.
seq. ip c. dat Col. 2: 13. seq. dia n,
Rom. 8: 10 TO awfux pbxqop Si dpagtUsp^
i. e. as to the body ye still remain sub-
je<U to sinful passions etc. Others here,
mortal. — Vice versa, ptxqog €2ra» ij
afutqxUf, to he dead to sin, no longer
willingly subject to it, Rom. G: 11, L q.
anod-apup rfj afu in v. 2. .— {(J) Of
things, dead, i. e. inactive, inoperative, e.
g.a/iaqxia Rom. 7: a niaug James 2:



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Nex^eo



535



NefUrf



17, 20, 36. So tgya tUHga dead works,
u e. external righceousness, not proceed-
\u§i fronn a livioj^ faith, and therefore
fnMtss^ sinful, Heb. 6: 1. 9: 14. Al.

Kexpoco, (o, f. tMTta, (vtngog,) to
put to deathf and Pass, to be put to deaths
to die, pp. Anihol. Gr. IV. p. 276. In
N. T. trop. to deaden, to deprive of force
and vigour, e. g« %a fuXri i. e. to mortify
Col. 3: 5. Pass. part. y£yex^o)fi^yo$, «},
oVf deadened, i. e. dead, powerless, im-
potent, as au/ia ptvatq, Rom. 4: 19. Heb.
11: 12. -. Plut. ed. R. IX. p. 758. a
comp. imovexqova&av Arr. Epict. 4. 5.
21.

Nexpcooig, ecog, ^, (vexgotj,) pp. a
putting to death, hence

a) death, i. e. violent death, 2 Cor. 4:
10 riiv rixgtHTir tov 'irjirov iv t^ awfjuni
f]pio9 ntffifpiQorteg, i. e. ever exposed to
suffer for the cause of Christ the same
violent death which he suffered.

b) trop. deadness, impotency, Rom. 4:
19. Comp. inovixQwng Arr. EpicL I.
5.4.

NiOQ, a, or, young, new. Com par.
vfoirfgog, younger. See Tittm. Synon.
N. T. p. 59.

a) pp. of persons, young, youthful.
Tit 2: 4 7pa a(oq>(^ovK(aa$ rag riag, opp.
nqta^imdag. Sept. for nra Gen. 37:2.
Prov. 22: 15.— Jos. Ant 4.' 6. 10. Luc.
D. xMort. 12. 4. Xen. Mem. 2. 1. 5, 31.
— Compar. vioiiegog, younger, sc. of
two or more, Luke 15: 12, 13, o rems-
^o$ avtwy, 6 V. vlog. Sept. for 1l3p
Gen. 9: 24. 27: 15. 42: la (Xen. Cyn
ai.l. An. 1.1.1.) Genr. for a young" ;?er-
jon, plur. the younger, the young, in opp. to
those older, John 21: 18 ots i;; ifmxtQog.
Acts 5: 6 01 vewtqoi, i. q. o\ vsavhjioi
in V. 10. 1 Tim. 5: 1, 2, 11, 14. Tit 2:
6. 1 Pet 5: 5. As implying inferior
dignity Luke 22: 26. Sept for ny3 Ps.
148:12, Jer.l:6,7.— Ceb.Tab.2. Dem.
242. 15. Thuc. 1. 42.

b) of things, new, recent, e. g. ohog,
ioKol, Matt. 9: 17 bis. Mark 2: 22*ter.
Luke 5: 37 bis, 38, 39. Sept. for ^nh
Lev. 23: 17. Cant 7: la — Horn. II. V.
462. Hdian. 1.5.26. Xen. Cyr. 1. 6.38.
— ^Trop. of the heart, disposition, nature,
as renewed and therefore better, e. g. 1



Cor. 5: 7 &a i^Tt viow qivgafia. Col. 3;
10. Heb. 12: 24 dia&iiKti via,

N^oaaog^ ov^ 6, (veog,) younglings
the young of animals esp. of birds.
Luke 2: 24 Svo veovaovg nsQumg&Vf
where some Mss. have the later form
poaaovg, see Lob. ad Phr. p. 206. Sturz
Dial. Alex. p. 185. So Sept for i:^
Lev. 5: 7. Prov. 30: 17. S'^rf'^Dfil Deut
22: 6.— Ael. V. H. 1. a Xen.' 04c. 7.34-

NeoTf/g, Tjtog, ^,{riog,)youih,youih'
f\d age. Matt 19: 20 in vtortiiog (aov,
Mark 10: 20. Luke 18: 20. Acts 26: 4.
1 Tim. 4: 12 fiijdiig aov iTfg v, xazaipgo-
reij(o let no one despise thy youth, i. e.
conduct thyself with the wisdom of
riper age, as is said immediately after.
Sept for D'»-|J|y: Gen. 8: 21. Num. 30r
17. ni-nb"^ Ecc. 11: 9, 10.— Hdian. l.a
3. Xen. Jlil'em. 2. 1. 31.

Neocpviog, ov, o, ^, adj. (piog,qfiw,)
newly planted, Suid. vi6(fVxoir to vewrtX
tpvtev&iv. Sept for ^t?} Job 14: 9. Ps.
144: 12. — In N. T. as subst trop. a neo-
phyte, new convert^ 1 Tim. 2: 6.

I^epcoy^ corog, 6, JVero^ the Ro-
man emperor, only in the spurious
subscription 2 Tim. 4: 23.

NiVdOj f. yewoi, to nod, to beckon^ aa
a sign to any one, seq. dat John la 24
vevet ovv avria Sl/Aonr. Act824: 10. — Sept
Prov. 4: 25. Arr. Epict 2. 18. la Ael.
V. H. 14. 22.

Necp/Aff, rfi, ft, (dim. of vitpog,)
pp. smaU doud, nebula, perh. Luke 12:
54, comp. 1 K. 18: 44. Genr. a cloudy
Jude 12 vt(piXai arvdQo^. [2 Pet 2: 17.]
Sept for 72]^ Gen. 9: 13, 14. pmJ Ps.
36: 6. ^ Tudg. 5: 4. Ecc. 11:" 4. —
Luc. D. tf eor. 6. 4. Xen. An. 1. 8. 8. —
As accompanying supernatural appear-
ances and events, e. g. the pillar of
cloud in the desert, 1 Cor. 10: 1,2;
comp. Sept and lyf Ex. la 21, 22. In
connexion with Christ, as with a voice
from heaven Luke 9: 35 ; or at his trans-
figuration, yfq>ilf} (pfotBivrj, Matt 17:5 bis.
Mark 9: 7 bis. Luke 9: 34 bis ; as re-
ceiving him up at his ascension, Acts 1:
9 ; as surrounding him at bis second
coming, Matt 24: 30. 26: 64. Mark la
26. 14: 62. Luke 21: 27. Rev. 1: 7. 14:



Digitized by VjOOQ IC



N^ip&aAetfi



536



Nrfoiov



14 bis, 15, 16. As ftuttounding ascend-
ing saints or angels, 1 Tbess. 4: 17.
Re?. 10: 1. 11: 12— Comp. of God, Ps.
18: 8 sq. 97: 2. Is. 19: 1.

N&p&aXeifn, 0, inilec. J^ephlhalim^
H^b. *^\Tpz (my wrestling) JVhphtali,
pt, n. of ilie sixth son of Jacob, born
df Bilhah, conip. Gen. 30: 8. In N. T.
ottly meton. for the tribe o/MipkttUi,
Matt. 4: 13, 15. Rev. 7: 6.

Ktcfo?^ £og^ ouc, TO, a cloudy pp.
rtdlftn. 1. 14. 4. Diod. Sic. 1. 38. In
N.T. irop. for crowd, throng, Heb. 12: 1
vifpog fwgtvgta¥. — A poll. Rh. Argon. 4.
397. Hdot. 8. 109 yi<pog JOiTouio ard^od^
nmf, Diod. Sic. 3. 29 xa vi(pri tcSv ax-

iVf^poc, auy 0, kidney, usually plur.
oi vktpgot the kidney^, reins, loins, Sept.
for ni-^^ Ex. 29: 13, 32. Job 16: 13.
— In N. T! irop. for the inmost mind, the
seat of the desires and passions. Rev. 2:
23 igewoiP VBfpqdhg *al xaf^blag. Comp.
Sept and tii'^Sd in the similar phrase
Ps. 7: 10. Jer.'jfl: 20. 17: 10. 20: 12.

NecoxoQOQy ovy 6, (vais Att. vtdg,
ttogioi,) pp. temple-sweeper^ hence temple-
keeper, prefect of a temple, who had
charge also of the decorations, Jos. Ant.
1. 7. 6. Xen. An. 5. 3. 6. Suid. vtrnto-
Bttq* tov vtixv noofiBp xal evt(}sjti(iay,
ak£ ovx o traqwif. Hence for worship*
per, pp. one who frequents the temple
of God, e. g. of the Israelites /m the
desert* Jos. B. J. 5. 9. 4 015 b &t6g kav-
Ti} wtomGQOvg i]y&f, and so vttMioQHp ib.
•^In N. T. as an honorary title assumed
by cities distinguished for the worship
of a panicular deity, e. g. of Ephesus
as a worshipper, devotee of Diana, Acts
19: 35 vmxoQog zijg fieyalfig ^AQiifudog,
•^ It occurs in inscriptions and on the
coins of several cities, see in Wetstein
N. T. II. p. 588.

Nicotepiitog^ »;, of, (viog, remtQOg,)
1fO<affiful, pertaining to youth, 2 Tim. 2:
82 tag p, im&vftlag (pfvye. — 3 Mace. 4:
8. Jos. Ant. 16. 11. 7. Pol. 10. 24. 7.

Nicoupoc^ a^ or, see in Niog.

N^f a particle of swearing, always
ftfllrmative, attd taking th6 occus. of th&t



by which one swears. PassoW sab. r.
Buttm. § 149. p. 430. 1 Cor. 15: 31 tii
Jtjp vfjL, xuv/Jiffip, i. e. by all my ground
of glorying in you, sc. I protest etc
So Sept. for •»)-: Gen. 42: 15, 16. — Luc.
D. Deor. 19. 1." Ael. V. H. 1. 3a Xen,
Cyr. 1. 3. 10.

Nrfi/co, f. vfiaat, (i. q. rsoi, Buttm.
§114,) tospin,Qbsol Matt. 6:28 et Lake
12: 27 ovde rTi&n, sc. xa xQiva. SepL
for mt3 Ex. 35: 25, comp. 26: 31. 38i
18.— AVthol. Gr. III. p. 63, 189. Comp.
H. Planck in Bibl. Repos. I. p. 676 sq.

Nffnia^co^ f. data, (Wintog,) to he as
a child, chUdlike, intrans. 1 Cor. 14: 20
Tjj xaiUtf vtjmuine, i. e. be ignorant of it,
comp. Malt. 18: 3. — Gr. proverb, dim-
(piQt^ de tov pfinlov »a&^ '^JuxUa^ ovdiy o
h ttiig (p^al nptuiiwp, comp. Wetstein
in loc.

Nr)nioc^ la, toy^ also of two end-
ings, o, ^, (vfj- insep. un, iTiog,) pp. not
speaking, infans, and hence an infant,



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