Edward S Sharpe.

An old deed, May 31, 1675 (Volume 1) online

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MAY 31 1675

Richard Guy John Fenwick Thomas Pyle











In compiliug the following paper relat-
ing to the very first sales of lands in
Fen wick's Colony, I take the oppor-
tunity of calling the attention of this
Society to an "Old Deed/' the oldest of
several very rare aud valuable parch-
ment manuscripts in my possession,
bearing date nearly one year anterior to
that of one already exhibited— belonging
to a series known as the William Penn
Deeds with autographic signatures of
Wm. Penn, Gawan Laurie, Nicholas
Lucas and Edward Bylliuge.

It was executed the thirty-first day
of May 1675, and conveyed to Richard
Guy tenthousand acres of land in this
county of Salem, in what is now the
Township of Pilesgrve, and "located in
the upper part of Salem tenth where the
township of Pilesgrove is now."

The price paid by Guy for this large
tract of land, was fifty pounds Stirling,
about two hundred and fifty dollars irt'
our currency. The deed is signed by,
Fenwick and endorsed: —

"Inroled in the Register Liber A

belonging to Fenwick's Colony in the

Province of New Cesarea or New

Jersey in America, the XVIII th day

of June MDCLXXV.

per J. Garfield."

There is also a separate piece of parch-
ment attached to this remarkable scrip-
tory antique, upon which is written in
exquisite caligraphy a receipt for tlie
above fifty pounds sterling, signed by
Fenwick also by ten witnesses, whose
names are again written on the back of
the deed, viz:—

"John Smith, vSamuel vicholson. Rich-

ard Mergan, Peter Hoff, Edward Champ-
neys, Edward Wade Thomas Anderson,
Edmund Warner, Richard Noble and
James.. Garfieldser."

The property conveyed was one of a
numerous category, sold by Fenwick be-
fore he sailed for America, to be lo-
cated after nis arrival there.

i^lthough the name of the purchaser
is ostensibly Richard Guy, it was actually
Thomas Pyle, a citizen of London, for
whom he uought it, on the same day
he acquired for himself and wife, Bridg-
ett Guy, a deed for one thousand acres
of land afterward located in Elsinboro.
Salem county.

Most of tlie above signers of the deed
and receipt for the money given by Fen-
wick afterward emigrated to America.
The last on the list, James Garfieldser,
did not, the final letters of the sur-
name, s. e. r. are supposed to represent,
not family senority, but to be an abbre-
t vjation of his professional title, that of
*S* scrivener, and lie probably wrote this
very deed, the chirography being that
of an old man. Indeed he did not long
survive the period we refer to. as Mary
Fenwick in a letter to her husband 167S,
Aug. 27th, announces his death in terms
of affectionate regard; in the interval,
laowever, he signed liis name to docu-
ments connected with the litigation at
that time pending between Fenwick and
Eldr'dge and Warner in the City of

The Township of Pilesgrove did not
derive its name from the ten thousand
acre tract, deeded to Richard Guy in its
entirety, but only from a part of it.
wheie Tiiomas Pyle. (whose surname is


MA,"? .V 18) )

IK rp((i:;it((l b.\' it) built his liome. This
is shown ))>■ ilic following deed male
by W'iliinni Mall to John Hopman, in
wliicii he leserves half an acre that was
used as a private cemetery and fi-oni
this cinunistance wo assume tliat it w.m
tile original iiomstead of Pyle, viz:—

'•10915, Oct. r», Deed. William Hall, of
Salem Town. W. J., yeoman, and wife.
Klizabeth. to John Hopman, of Rattcoon
Creek. Glossester Co., iuisbandman. for
the Plantation called Pile Grove. 380
acres, between the branches of Salem
Creek adjoining Joseph White, excepting
1 alf a. u.sed as a burying place." (Salem
Deeds, No. 6.)

Th:s deed was for a jjart of tiie de-
n;en?e— manor house with land— com-
prising two thousand acres, part of
wliicli had been previously deeded to
William ilall, viz: —

"K9'3, June 15th, Deed. Thomas Pyle,
of Pile Grove. Salem Co.. gentleman, to
WUiam Hall, of Salem Town, yeoman, i
foi- 1000 acres, the upper half of the '
20a0 acre tract called Pile Grove." |
(S:ilem Deeds. No. 6.) |

This is probably the final conveyance
executed by Thomas Pyle, as his last
v.ili and testament only two months, less
two days lauer indicates; and we know
lie certainly died before October 11th. i
1695. !

It has beea stated tliat Pyle became a '.
veiy considerable land owner in Fen-
wick's Colony by sundiy fiurehases «»r
real estate besides the large tract al-
ready referred to. I have failed to
c'ontirm this; finding in my researches
nothing bought, but numerous sales as
well as gifts of tracts originally jiarts
of the puichase made by Richard Gu>'.
Tlu' gifts were mostly of his daughter
and her husband. William Hall, one of
wnich. the Largest, I (juote. viz:

'li'Iil!. .\ug. 17, Deed. Thomas Pile (as
lit^forc) to William ?Tall and wife. Eliza-
l»(>th. daughter of said Thomas, for 4.000
acres of the jircceding IniMtii .md after

1 1 his death 2.000 more." (Salem Deed

I! No. 5.)
I Richard Guy doubtless came over to

! America in the ship "Griffith" with John
I Fenwick in 1675 and the following year
|i we find this Warrant of Survey, viz:
!l "1676. 12d. 9m (Nov.) Warrant of Sur-
I vcy to Richard Guy of 1,000 acres at or
I near the point formerly called Elsin-
burge Fort and Now Guy's foint, form-
I erly granted to John Townsend. saitl
j name liaving been sused fictitlonsly."
j (Salem Surveys 1676.)

He was early an active participant in
the affairs of the Colony an«i wneu "John
Fenwick took the oath of office as Gov-
ernor of ^-enwick's Colony. 1676. June 21."
the same day "Richard Guy of Guys
Point. Township of New Salem, Fen-
wick's Colony, planter, (likewise) took
tlie oath as member of the Governor's
Council." (Salem Surveys 1676.)

Thomas Pyle's wife, nee Sarah Can-
non, was a daughter and namesake of
Sarah Cannon, who owned land in tlie
Town of New Salem, wliich she be-
queathed to said Sarah Pyle. as appears
from the following Power of Attorney,
which is interesting from the light it
throws on the residence of Samuel Car-
p?nter in 16S^. viz:—

"1686. April 23d. Sarah Pile, of Pile
Grove, by her Attorney. William Hall.,
of the same place. Salem Tenth. W. J..
yeoman, to Samuel Carpenter, of Elsin-
boroug.i. said tenth, merchant, for l'J
acres in the Town of Salem, on Fen-
wick's River, and the highway from
Salem Landing. bc(|iieathed to said Sarah
1)\ iicr mother. Sarah Cannon, who
bought the lot of John Smith. June 4.
hiSH." (Salem Deeds, No. 4.)

I'lom tiie dates of .he preceding com-
mission we know that Sarah CanncMi
t]:et\ liefore tlie year 1686. About one
year i^reviously. Samuel Carpenter, then
residing in Philadelphia. bought t!io
(luy's Point Estate and hau removed to
Klsinboio as sliown l)y the following
deed, viz: —

William Hall, 1691. Joshua Bradway, 1791

"Uisri, May l:Uli, deed. Richard Guy,
late of Elsinbin-gh, Salem Tenth, W. J.,
yeonion and wife. Bridj?ett. to Samuel
C^iriuMiler, »)f Philadelpnia. merchant,
for 812 acres at EI.sinburj?h." (Salem
Deed.s, No. (i.)

The woi-d.-^ iate of Elsinburs'h" imply
the i-cnidval of Richard Guy. aftei- a
residence of ten years— his old friend,
the Pioprietor, having been dead about
two >'ears— fi-om Salem to Burlington,
where he made his will, 1G89. September
i'i\ l(^aving "wife, Bridgett. sole heiress
and executrix of I'eal and personal es-
tate," "proved December 2, 169.3." In-
cluded in the inventory of his estate
is "a mortgage of £ 3(K), on a plantation
at El? in borrow due by Samuel Capen-
ter." Bridgett Guy survived her hus-
band about five years, dying in lfi98.
Samuel CarptMitei- was named one of her
executors. In tlie deed to the latter from
Sarah Pyle of the 22 acres "on the high-
way from Salem Landing" it is said her
mother, Sarali Cannini. "bought the lot
of John Smith. .lune 4th. 1683," and on
the same day Samuel Carpenter came
iii'o possession of the said twent.v and
two acres. April 12, 1686, he assigned it
t.) "William Kylle." of Salem, W. J.,
;iii(l live years later lacking eleven days.
this same lot became the property of Wm.
I 'all. who previously sold it to Samuel
C'arjienter as Attorney for Sarah Pyle,

"1C91. April 2d. William Kelly, of Salem
Town, weaver, to William Hall, late of
Pile Grove, now of Manneton Creek. W.
J., yoeman. and wife, Elizabeth, for 22
acres in the Town of Salem, sold by
said Hall to Sainuel Carpenter. April 13.
1686, and assigned by said Carpenter on
the same day to present grantor."
(Salem Deeds. No. 5.)

The exact location of tlie Smith. Can-
non. Carpenter. Kell.v. Hall Town Lot is;
defin-.lely settled, by its being named in
the following memorandum of sale, as
the place wliene a certain payment of
monev was to be made, viz:—

j "16S,")-16. 22d, 12th m. (February), Mem.
of Sale. Wm. Groome to Richard Mar-
shall of 2ftO acres in Alloways Creek.
bought of Marcus Elger. of Middle Neck,
Salem Tenth, who is to give deed, the
land adjoins Dennis ffishers 5no a.— "pin-
chase consideration to be delivered at
Wm. Kelly's house at Salem Town
landing." (Salem Surveys. No. 8.)

In the year 1701 Samuel Carpenter,
then a merchant of Philadelphia, .sold to
"Rothro" Morris, of Salem Co., W. .7..
yeoman, the plantation of twelve hun-
dred acres in Elsinboro, viz:—

"1701, Nov. 2t). Do, Samuel Carpenter,
of Philadelphia, merchant, and wife,
Haimah, to "Rothro" Morris, of Salem
Co., W. J., yeoman, for the planta-
tion of 1200 acres in said county called
Elsinburg." (Salem Deeds.)

I Thus we find that Carpenter owned
I property in Feiiwick's Colony from 16S5

to 1701. sixteen years and resided there

part of that time.

John Smytlie, the original owner of tho
lot he sold to Sarah Cannon, was deed-
ed sixteen acres of the two and twenty
by John Fenwick. that being the size
of the Town Lots, inclusive, awarded
to each purchaser of one thousand acres;
the additional six acres having been ac-
quired by a separate deed, also from the
Proprietor 'In verba magistri' jurare."
(To swear by the words of a master).
— Edson Saul&bury Jones, Esq.. of Poit
Cb.ester. N. Y., who in his valuable paper
read before this Society December 10.
1907. has ably discussed the present sub-
ject, sa.vs it "was deeded to him by
Fenwick in 1679." (Town Grants P. 5.)

He conveyed both lots to Sarah Can-
non, viz: —

"ltvs:>. June 4, John Smith, of Mon ■
nnnith R. alias Alloways Creek. W. J.,
i gentleman, and wife Martha, to widov
Saraii C;innon. of New Salem. W. J., for
22 acres in New Salem Township. 16
thereof along the highway and ff«'n-
v,icks River, the other 6 on the road

from Salem Landing." (Salem Deeds,
No. 2.)

We observe from the above deed that
onlj^ six acres of the two and twenty
conveyed to Sarah Cannon were "on the
road from Saiem Landing."

The Warrant for the Survey of the
sixteen acre lot for John Smythe reads
as follows, viz:—

"1676, Sept. 19th. Do Do. to John Smythe
'for a home lot of 16 acres in Ne^A
Salem." (Salem Surveys, 1676.)

" Note: The like warrant for

Roger Huckiiigs, Samuel Nicholson, Ed-
ward Champneys, Edward Warner, Wm.
Hancock, Edward Bourne of the same
date." (New Jersey Colonial Docu-

We have mentioned that John Fen-
wick took the oath of office as Gover-
nor of his Colony 1676, June 21; and after
his decease, in 1685-6 we find in a deed to
William Wilkensen a reference to the
"Govenioi-'s lot." (Town Grants Liber
A, Page 343.)

The inference from the following ab-
stract, naturally is, that Governor Fen-
wick had an official residence in the
Town, which may explain in a measure,
the designation "Governor's House."
which lias been associated with the so
called "Bradway House," at the foot of
West Broadway in this city, viz:—

"16S5-6. Jan. 20, do same to William
Wilkinson, of New Salem, planter, foi-
10 a. there on the street to the Gover-
nor's Lot." (Town Grants. liber A. Page

]n the Archives of the State we meet
with the names "Broadaways street" also
"Bradaways street" also "Brod street."
earlier "Main street" and "The High-
way." in 1791 it was called "Salem street."

"1679. May 15. do same to Christopher
Sanders, of New Salem, yeoman, and
wife, Mary, for Sandei's I^ot 14 acres on
"Bradaways street N. E. Robiinson's
Plantation" and "Tnrolled May 30. 1679.
Patent. Same to Richard Robinson, of

New Salem, yeoman, and wife, Elinor,
for a lot on Broadaway's St., 10 a."
(Archives P. 34.)

Again 1692, August 17, do Jonathan
Beere, of Salem Town, yeoman, and
wife, Mary, to Henry Hurley, of the
same i)lace. weaver, for a liouse and lot
of 14 acres there, at the corner of Brada-
way's street along said street to the S.
W. side of Robinson's plantation, grant-
ed by John Fenwick to Christopher San-
ders and wife, Mary, May 22. 1679' and
liy them conveyed to grantors, October
9tli. 1686." (Salem Deeds, No. 5.)

The preceding compilation from the
published Archives of New Jersey are
included in this paper on account of their
possible relation to one of the original
or very early names of what is now
known as West Broadway, one of the
principal streets of the City of Salem
and of late years long known as Brad-
way street. In fact Shourds in his val-
uable "History of Fenwick's Colony"
says that in "1693 the Town of Salem
was incorporated into a borough and
the authorities of the town changed the
name of Wharf street to Bradway street
in honor of Edward Bradway," who,
although the owner of valuable property
in the Town of New Salem, clearly
pointed out by Mr. Jones in his paper
already referred to, never, as far as 1
have been able to learn resided there,
except as Mr. Jones says "though un-
doubtedly he first lived there, as in the
Meeting Records a minute is found show-
ing that a committee of four was ap-
pointed on 12 mo. 1679. (February 2. 1679-
SO) to view his house and see if it was
suita])le for a meeting iiouse. As early
as June 6, 1680 he was of Alloways Creek
(Salem Deeds 5,34.1) and such was the
sepcified abode at all later times." And
there he died 1693, his will being dated
Dec. 6. 1693. in which his residence is
given as follows, viz:—

■■169). Dec. 6th. Bradwa.v Eldward, of
Monmouth River. Salem Co.. yeoman."

Tiiei'e was however a street in New Salem


iiaincd "Edwcird Bradway's street," but
it was appaiantly situated in another
part of the Town now or recently known
as "Penny Hill" and is mentioned in the
following deed:—

"16S9, May 27, Do. John Ireson, of
Salem Town, tanner, to Richard Marshall
of Salem Co., planter, for 10 acres in the
Town, on Edward Bradways street, lately
in the tenure of Charles Bagiey."
(Salem Deeds, No. 5.)

As the incorporation of the Town of
Salem into a borrough did not take place
until 1G9j, the date of the above deed
conflicts with the statement ot Thomas
Shourds, informing us that four years
previous to that event, i e— in 1689 "Ed-
ward Bradways street" was one of the
thoroughfares of the village, and there-
fore the conferring of the honor, of the
naming of the street, on Edward Brad-
way, by the "Authorities of the Town,"
is apparently incorrect, nor is it probable
that such an obvious impropriety under
tl.e circumstances, as the changing of
the name to Sal-em street, doubtless
years before 1791, could have been per-
mitted by "the rude forefathers of the

We may be able to form conclusions
as to the general bearing of the street
named after him and other property of
Edward Bradway by another and the last
deed pertaining to his subject to wliicli
] invite your attention, viz: —

"1685, 25th d. 6th m. (August) Do Rich-
ard Wilkinson, of New Salem, laborer,
to Richard Johnson, of the same place,
carpentei', for that part of the 16 a. lot,
bought of Edward Bradway (Supra P.
22.) lying on the N. W. side of a line
drawn from the outermost bounds of
grantee's 10 a. lot by the liighway lead-
ing from Salem Town to the Mill Creek."
(Archives P. 582.)

Finally in the conveyances, divers and
sundry, from John Smythe through
Sarah Cannon, Samuel Carpenter, Wil-
liam Kelly to William Hall we are un-
ablo to trace any ownerships to this

property, except those already included
in this paper, tlie evidence being con-
clusively in favor of the statement of
Mr. Jones that "There is every reason
to believe that the house which bears
upon its East gable the date 1691, was
built by William Hall and that he had
established it as his iini by 1692. His will
dated April lOth. 1713, devised to his son,
William, the "Capitall house," where
the testator dwelt, with all the lots
bought of William Kelly."

I am of the opinion that we have found
no valid reason for re.iecting his con-
clusions, together with his infoimation.
tljat— "Salem records do not show that
Edward Bradway ever owned a home or
lot on the North side of Broadway be-
tween the wharf and Market street."

Still, there is no doubt that the de-
scendants of Edward Bradway did after-
ward become seized of the very property
now (after the lapse of so many years)
in controversy, which finally came into
the possession of John S. Wood, Esq.,
of Jericho, Cumberland county, by his
marriage with Sarah Ann Bradway.
daughter of Thomas and Isabella Dun-
lap Bradway, the husband being a soji
of Thomas Bradway, only son of Aaron
Bradway by his second wife, Sarah
Smitli, widow of John Smith, grandson
of John Smith, of Smitn-^.d. Aaron
Bradway was a grandson of Edward
Bradway. the emigrant. By liis first wife
he had a son, Joshua, who bought tlie
Hall property, at the foot of West
Broadway from Joseph Hall, a grandson
of William Hall, the emigrant. March
2d, 1791. So just one hundred years after
the "Capitall House" was built it thus
passed from the Hall to the Bradway

The late Thomas Wood, of tiiis City,
son of Jolm S. and Sarah Ann Wood,
built the -frame dwelling house on the
corner of Front street and AVest Broad-
way, and resided there several years.

Tiie unusual circumstances si'rrounding
tl\p purchase l^v Richard Guv fi-om John

l'le, the son. died August
2;"). 1(>S5, about one year and seven months
after what we suppose to have been the
(late of the demise of his mother. "Ad-
ministration on the estate granted to his
brother-in-law, William Hall." who about
one pear perviously, i e.— May, 16S4.
had married his sister. Elizalioth Pyle.

There was beside the latter, another
daughter, Sarah Gibson, wife of Simon
Gibson, who also had a claim by the
•'Indenture Tripartite" of 1675. June 16th.
ill which wa.s awarded "one-half to the
Uife and behoff of Simon Gibson, of the
Parish of St. Paul. Shadwell Co., of
Middlesex, carpenter, du'ing the life of
1 is wife. Sarah; the other half in trust
for said Thomas Pyle and wife during
their lives, the whole to go finally to
Ephraim, son and Elizabeth, daughter,
of said Thomas and Sarah Pyle."
As we find no further reference to Sarah
Gil)Son. we conclude that her husband.
Simon, survived her and therefore her
share of the property according to the
provisions of the "Indenture Tripartite."
quoted above. Ephraim being dead, re-
verted to her sister. Elizabeth Hall. (New
Jersey Colonial Documents, Salem No.l.)

The only example of the hand writing
of Ephraim Pyle, whose premature death
we have noted, is his autograph, spelled
"Epraim Pyle," as witness to the nun-
cupative will of Thomas Knowles. of
New Salem, planter, wherein he devises
'o Elizabeth Pyle, spinster, as a tri-
bute doubtless to her worth, virtues, and
IMissible personal attractions, the singular
legacy of "a heifer in the hands of
C^harles Bagley and makes James Nevill
and Sarah Pyles. executors." The in
ventory of his personal estate, amounting
to £17.7.2, made by Thomas Woodruff.
Sheriff, and Edward Lumley, planter, is
dated April 2. 1682, and from the fact
that Sarah Pyles" was one of the execu-
tors, we must, regardless of our former
• pinion — tli;it she remained in England.

j declining to emigrate— in view of the
j above circum.stancos, admit that she was,
Ij nevertehless. at that particular time.
11 "in propria persona," here.

The last hour of Knowles. within the


Online LibraryEdward S SharpeAn old deed, May 31, 1675 (Volume 1) → online text (page 1 of 2)