Edward Tanjore Corwin.

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1859. She died Dec. 21, 1858, in the 90th year of her age. An oil painting
of her husband, Joseph Scudder, is in possession of Mrs. Andrews, of
Hudson, X. Y.

It will be of interest to the friend- of missions to see the relationship
of the many Scudders who are now. or have been, in the ministry or mis-
sionary service of the Church. The consecration by one man of himself
to this cause, has led to vast results. His faithful work did much, also, in
leading his denomination to enter more earnestly into the work of Foreign
Missions. Rev. John Scudder, M.D. (.1703-1855). had the following
children :

I. Henry Martyn Scudder, M.D.. D.D. Missionary.

II. William Waterbury Scudder, D.D. Missionary.

III. Joseph Scudder, M.D. Missionary.

IV. Ezekiel Carman Scudder, M.D., D.D. Missionary.

V. Jared Waterbury Scudder, M.D., D.D. Missionary.

VI. Samuel Scudder. Died while in College.

VII. Silas Downer Scudder. Missionary.

VIII. John. M.D. Missionary.

IX. Harriet.

X. Louisa.

I. Henry Martyn Scudder (1822-95) had the following children:

1. Harry, M.D. Physician.

2. Rev. John, of Jersey City.

3. Hattie.

4. Katie, missionary of the American Board.




Rev. Dr. John Scudder and Wife.
In India, 1819-1855.



THE MINISTRY. 721

5. Doremus, missionary of the American Board.

6. Fannie.

II. William Waterbury Scudder (1823-95) had the following children:

1. Rev. William W.

2. Rev. Lewis R.. b. 1861. Missionary.

3. Katharine. Missionary.

4. Frances.

III. Joseph Scudder (1826-76) left no children.

IV. Ezekiel Carman Scudder (1828-96) had the following children:

1. Rev. Ezekiel Carman. Missionary.

2. Myron T. Teacher.

3. Frank. Missionary.

4. Sarah. Married Rev. Silas Scudder. Missionary.

5. Harriet.

6. Anne.

7. Isabel.

V. Jared Waterbury Scudder, b. 1830, had the following children:

1. Rev. William H.

2. J. Waterbury. Teaching.

3. Clarence. Died in College.

4. Julia. Missionary.

5. Bessie. Married Dr. Harry Scudder, of Chicago.

VI. Samuel Scudder (1827-49) died in College.

VII. Silas Downer Scudder (1833-77), M.D., had the following children:

1. Silas Downer.

2. Frederic.

3. Nellie.

4. Joseph.

5. Lillie.

VIII. John Scudder (1835-1900) had the following children:

1. John S.

2. Lewis.

3. Rev. Charles. Pastor at Bay Ridge, Brooklyn.

4. Harry. Missionary.

5. Walter. Missionary.

6. Ida. Missionary.

There is an excellent account of the Scudder ancestry in "Wicke's Hist.

of Medicine in New Jersey," page 389.

Scudder, John, M.D. (s. of John Scudder), b. at Chavagacherry, in Ceylon,
Oct. 29, 1835; R.C. 57. N.B.S. 60, lie. and ord. CI. N.Y. May, 60; voy-
age to India, March-June, 61, Chittoor, 61-63, Arcot and Ami, 63,
Palamanair, 65-66, Arcot, 65-74, Gnanodiam, 74-76, Ami and Vellore,
76-78, in America, 1878-82 (in Nebraska), Ami, 82-85, Tindivanam, 85-
92, Vellore, 92-94, in New Brunswick, N. J. 94-97, Vellore, 97-1900, d.
May 23.

D.D. by R.C. 1896. Vice-President of General Synod. 1897.



7-2 THE MINISTRY .

Through a period of nearly forty years, he labored with great fidelity.
Besides the several stations which he occupied, he, for a long time, officiated
also as Mission Secretary and Treasurer. Few missionaries have been hon-
ored with responsibilities as varied and important.

As an evangelist he boldly declared to the heathen, in season and out of
season, the whole counsel of God. As a pastor he faithfully nourished the
large flock committed to his charge. As a physician he tenderly minis-
tered to the sick and the poor. As an administrator he carefully managed
the mission finances, and rendered valuable help in its counsels. A genial
and beloved friend, he brought cheer to our Mission gatherings, and ren-
dered help to hi- associates. In labors abundant, in faith unflinching, in
character blameless. He was the youngest of the seven brothers who, with
two sisters, followed their parents to India, and whose names are so inter-
woven with the progress and success of the Arcot Mission: and he, in
turn, has left two sons and a daughter in the same Mission.

Cheerfulness and perseverance, broad sympathies and strong convictions,
self-forgetfulness and unbounded faith were his characteristics. His pres-
ence was ever a tonic, his steady devotion ever an inspiration. "In the home
circle he was the model father, his children's 'friend and brother and spir-
itual helper,' knitting himself closely into their hearts and life." On the
mission field he ever shunned prominence, but never shirked work. His
first term of service was for seventeen years and his second for eleven
years. Without a murmur he changed stations whenever the interests of
the work called, until he had lived in all but one of the Stations of the
Mission. "He literally made himself a servant of the Mission. In 1871 to
1878 he did the work of three and part of the time of five missionaries
postponing his furlough year after year that others might take theirs."

He chose and was content to be "'only a village missionary." Other
duties were assigned him, as already mentioned. He also had charge of
the building of the Church and Mission House at Tnidivanam. and for
three years of the Ranipettai Hospital, during which he opened the Lying-
in-ward. He administered large sums during the great famine of 1876-78;
but during all his long service, preaching to the heathen and "the care of
the Churches" were pre-eminently his chosen work. A fearless preacher.
he proclaimed the law in its full breadth, but he also presented the Gospel
with a tenderness that moved his Tamil audience to tears. In evangelistic
fervor and pastoral faithfulness, in short, in all that makes a successful
missionary on the field, none have surpassed and few have equaled him.
Many thousands in the Arcot districts have heard from him the Gospel,
and hundreds of native Christians own him as their spiritual father.

S e "Report of the Arcot Mission"; of the Board of Missions. "Mints,
of Gen. Synod." 1000, p. 901. "Biog, Notices of Grads. of R.C.," 1900, 22.

Scudder, Joseph < s. of John Scudder), b. July 14. 1826; R.C. 1848. N.B.S.
51, 1. CI. N.Y. ; voyage to India. 512, Arcot and Arnee, 53-6. attending
his father in his voyage to Cape of Good Hope, 55-6: Coonoor, 56-9,
voyage to England, Dec, 59-March, 60, voyage to America. 60, Chap-
lain in Union army. 61. Chaplain at Fori Columbus, Governor's Tsl-



THE MINISTRY. 7 2 3

and, 61-3, Sec. Am. and For. Ch. Union, 63-70, in service of Ref. Ch.

Bd. For. Miss., Feb. 71-2, Feb.; Glenham, 72-5, Upper Red Hook,

75-6, d. Nov. 21, M.D. D.D. by U.C.
He shared fully in the enthusiasm of his parents and brothers in the
great work of foreign missions, to which they have all devoted the best of
their lives. He was ardent, impulsive, energetic, and industrions, a man
of feeling and a man of action; and above all "a man of God." His im-
paired health was a constant restraint upon a spirit that panted for con-
stant service, and only a strong will, with God's grace, enabled him to ac-
complish much of what he did in long years of feebleness. Twenty-five
years in the ministry, of which about fifteen were spent in India, and much
of the remainder in mission labors for our own and other lands, make a
record which will long bear precious fruits.

Dr. Scudder was an effective speaker, possessed of large and varied at-
tainments, and of a natural eloquence which he often used with power. His
wife published "Captain Waltham" ; a truthful presentation of work done
by members of the Arcot Mission.

Scudder, Lewis R. (son of Wm. W. Scudder), b. Vellore, India, Dec. 22,
1861 ; C.NJ. 82, Hartford Theolog. Sem. 85 ; lie. by Hartford Assoc.
84, reed, as licentiate by CI. of N. Y. 85; Med. Deptmt. of U.N.Y. 88;
missionary to Arcot, India, 1888 . Visited America, 1899-1901.

Scudder, Samuel D. (s. of J. Scudder), b. in Ceylon, 1827; R.C. 47, N.B.S.
d. Nov. 14, 1849.

Scudder, Silas D. (s. of John Scudder) ; b. in Ceylon, Nov. 6, 1833; R.C.
56, arrived in India, Jan. 61; went as a physician; lie. CI. Arcot, 62;
Arnee, 62-3, Palamanair, 63-5, Coonoor, 64, in charge of the Dispen-
sary in Arcot, 65-72, in Europe, 72, in America, 73, died Dec. 1877.
M.D.

He became a Christian and a missionary by the power of prayer. The
burden of the supplications of his parents and brothers, was, ''Make him a
Christian and make him a missionary." He knew that, but he was unwill-
ing to be a missionary. He desired to be a physician in New York City.
So he resisted. But whatever he did, and wherever he went, he was begirt
and beset by prayer. At last he yielded to the Spirit of God. He was asso-
ciated with Dr. Simms, then engaged in founding what has become the
Woman's Hospital. His prospects were bright and alluring. He was on
the high road to honor and wealth. He turned his back on this and went
to India as a missionary. He established a hospital and dispensary at Ar-
cot. At first opposition was encountered. It was difficult to obtain a
building. But the work finally commended itself, and the confidence of the
English officials was won. They gave over to the institution a noble build-
ing and ample grounds, with outbuildings in which patients of different
castes could be treated separately. Probably no missionary medical work in
all India was so generously provided for. The government made an annual
appropriation toward the current expenses. Many English residents made
annual contributions. Lord Napier, the Governor of the Madras Presidency,
was among the regular subscribers to the treasury. When Mr. Seward



724 THE MINISTRY.

visited India, Lord Napier conducted him to this hospital and dispensary
as one of the chief objects of interest in his Presidency. Many thousands
of Hindoos sought the benefits of the treatment granted gratuitously. One
hundred or more patients were treated every day. Dr. Scudder worked
with untiring industry, with great spirit and vigor. Rising at daylight, he
took a cup of coffee and a bit of bread, and then walked to the dispensary.
Frequently he was unable to return to his breakfast before eleven o'clock.
A large outdoor practice was skillfully and faithfully attended to. The
English residents, the high caste natives, and those able to pay for his serv-
ices, called him to their houses. High caste ladies placed themselves under
his treatment. To the attendants at the dispensary and hospital he ex-
pounded the Scriptures, and declared the doctrines of eternal life. He
disliked it extremely. He was a doctor, not a preacher. He went to India
to do and not to talk. The patients coming to the dispensary were attended
by their friends, and so the audience was usually a large one. He con-
quered his reluctance and talked to them. The work had a marked effect
on the millions of people to whom the mission sought to minister. Antip-
athies, oppositions, hostility were softened and removed. Eyes that once
glared fiercely on the missionary preachers, now had a friendly, kindly look.
The patients came from homes for forty miles around. They returned to
tell of the Christian love and Christian instruction they had received. The
treatment was very successful ; very few of the patients died, many were
decidedly relieved, the large majority were cured. The physicians stood
alone. There was no one to consult with, except occasionally, when Dr.
John Scudder was present. A class of medical students was also taught.
Some of them are now successful practitioners. The work was done with-
out ostentation ; no noise was made about it. The Board at home pleaded
for at least a quarterly report. The answer was that there was nothing to
write about. It was nothing to him, the physician, but it was a great thing
to the mission, and the Board, and the Church, and it was everything,
even life or death, to the patients. The record speaks for itself.

Dr. Silas D. Scudder was in India nearly thirteen years. When his health
was broken apparently beyond mending, he turned away from his work and
came home to die. He never recovered from the injuries received from
overwork, from a tropical sun and malarious climate. — See "Reports of the
Arcot Dispensary."

Scudder, Walter Tracey (son of John Scudder, Jr.) R.C. 1892, N.B.S.
97, 1. CI. N.B. : Oyster Bay, 97-9, missionary to India, 1899

Scudder, William H. (son of Jared Scudder). R.C. 1878, N.B.S. 82, lie. by
CI. N.B. ; New Durham. 1882-4. (Chicago, Plymouth Congregational,
1884 )

Scudder, Wm. Waterbury (s. of John Scudder). b. at Pandeteripo, Ceylon,
1823; C.N.J. 41, P.S. 45, lie. by Presbyt. Elizabeth. N.J. ; ord. Presbt.
Elizabeth, N.J., July 14, 46; voyage to India, Nov. 46-Feb. 47. Batti-
cotta, Chavagacherry, and Manepy, Ceylon, 47-51, voyage to America,
51, to India. 52, Arcot and Chittoor, 52-56, voyage to America. Dec.
56-57, Mar. ; in America, 57-58, voyage to India, Dec. 58-59, Ap. ; Chit-



THE MINISTRY. 7 2 5

toor, 59-61, Vellore, 61-71, in charge of Arcot Sem., 64-71, voyage to
America, May-Aug. 72; (Glastonbury, Ct. 1st Cong. Ch., Dec. 17, 73-
84), retd. to India; Madanapalle, 85-9; Palmaner, Prof, of Theol-
ogy in Arcot Sem. 89-93, retd. to America ; died Mar. 4, 1895.

He was converted during a revival in Springfield, Mass., in the winter
of 1835-6. In 1839 he united with the Presbyterian Church of Elizabeth,
N. J. ; he spent one year before leaving for India in medical studies. In
1852, in conjunction with two brothers, Henry M. and Joseph, he estab-
lished the Arcot Mission and organized the Classis of Arcot. In 1873
family circumstances seemed to make a return to this country necessary;
and in December of that year he accepted a call to the Congregational
Church at Glastonbury, Conn., which he served for eleven years. In 1885,
though over sixty years of age, the way being opened for a return to India,
he sailed thither, laboring there for nine years, first at Madanapalle, reliev-
ing Dr. Chamberlain ; and then at Palamaner, as General Synod's Profes-
sor of Theology in the Seminary in the Arcot Mission. In the summer of
1894, his health was so broken that he was compelled to return to Glaston-
bury, and pass what remained to him of life among the beloved people of
his former charge. His life was a record of consecrated devotion to mis-
sionary service. To this he was set apart in infancy, and in it he achieved
great things. More than half of the native preachers and teachers in the
Arcot field before 1893, were instructed by him, who was called Dr. Wil-
liam, and "the very just father." Firmly settled in his views of Bible
truths, he taught them with unswerving loyalty. Judicial strictness and
compassionate tenderness characterized his treatment of the natives. Manly
dignity and childlike simplicity were beautifully blended in his bearing.
His work on the foreign field cannot be estimated. Beloved by those among
whom he wrought, his influence over them was great. Arduous and fruit-
ful as were the other years of his missionary life, those spent in the pro-
fessorate were as full of labor, and of at least equal value and importance.
For that work he had special adaptation, in his quiet dignity,
free from all assumption, in his kindly, sympathetic nature, and his
capacity to win the confidence and admiring affection of his pupils,
in his love for the truth, his soundness in the faith, his deep spirituality
and piety, and in his intellectual power and equipment. He had a con-
suming zeal, and at the same time a well-balanced judgment; qualities not
always united in the same man. At the time that the Reformed Church
withdrew from the American Board, his counsel and experience were of
great value in shaping the policy and devising the methods of the new
departure, as well as in commending it to the favor of our people. Those
who worked with him at that time bear testimony to his combination of
faith and fervor, with a far-seeing sagacity, and a skillful adaptation of
means to ends. He was a man whose very face and manner, as well as
voice, proclaimed him the Lord's ambassador. He suffered great physical
weakness during the last six years of his work, which continued after his
cessation from labor. A disease wearing and depressing had fastened upon
him. Before coming home he spoke of his desire to depart and be with



726 THE MINISTRY.

Christ, yet struggled on with his work, though urged to give it up.
"Mints. Gen. Syn.," 1895, 214.

Publications: His wife, Mrs. William W. Scudder, published "Nine-
teen Centuries of Missions," 1899.

Searle, Edward Van Vechten (son of Samuel T. Searle), b. Wyckoff,
N. J. Oct. 20, 1869; R.C. 91, N.B.S. 94. I. CI. Kingston: Berea, 94-Dec.

99, Methuchen, 1900

Searle, Jeremiah, b. at Atkinson, N.H., Apr. 19. 1795; Bowdoin and U.C.
21, studied theology under Prof. Andrew Yates; 1. Cong. Assoc. Ver-
mont, 22, Miss, at Princetown, N.Y., six months; ord. CI. Albany, 23,
Rotterdam, 1st and 2d, 23-5, Coxsackie. 1st. 25-51. Keyport. 51-3, Falls-
burgh, 53-C1, d. May 28.
He was descended from a long line of Christian ancestors. In every
generation, as far back as 1692, when Rev. Win. Searle was preaching in
Bradford, England, was there at least one minister of the gospel. He was
also son-in-law of the Rev. Jac. Tomb, for many years pastor of a Pres-
byterian Church, Salem, N.Y. The teachings of his godly parents resulted,
through the Holy Spirit, in his mind being early impressed with the im-
portance of personal religion, and his heart subdued to the love of Christ,
so that the naturally joyous and kindly temperament, which was a life-
long characteristic, had the added charm which flowed from the controlling
power of Christian principle.

During his college course he made himself useful in visiting places about
Schenectady, and for the last year, while maintaining a very creditable
standing in his academic studies, he pursued the study of theology, and
regularly conducted Sabbath services at a school-house in Rotterdam, which
resulted in a revival of religion and the organization of a church, over
which he was installed as pastor. In the church of Coxsackie he labored
for more than a quarter of a century. The territory embraced in the con-
gregation at the time of his settlement there was about twelve miles square.
It was his custom, besides holding three services on Sabbath, to preach
during the week in various school-districts, and he frequently filled four
such appointments in a single week. He was greatly blessed in his efforts
to win souls to Christ. Several revivals of religion resulted from his min-
istry in this field, and though nine churches were organized within the
bounds of his original parish during his pastorate, he left the church in
1851 with a larger membership than he found at his settlement.

At Fallsburgh, his last charge, his diligence and activity were rewarded
by an extensive revival, by which seventy persons were brought into the
church. Robust in body and cheerful in mind, his face wore an habitual
smile. The most adverse denominations respected and loved him. As a
preacher, he was a man of diligent study, careful preparation, and a solemn,
earnest delivery. His sermons contained the results of various reading,
much reflection, and deep Christian experience.

Searle, Jeremiah (s. of Jer. Searle) ; R.C. 185?. N.B.S. 58. 1. CI. Monmouth;
Bloomingburgh, 58-62, Chap. 144th Reg. N.Y.S.V. 62-3. Oyster Bay.



THE MINISTRY. 727

63-6, Syracuse, 66-8. Albany, 3d, 68-71, Peekskill, 71-3, (Newburgh,

Presb., 1873 )

Searle John Preston (s. of S. T. Seale), b. at Schuylerville, N.Y.. Sept.
12, 1854; R.C. 75, N.B.S. 78; lie. CI. Passaic; Griggstown, 1878-81.
Raritan, 1st, 81-93, Prof, of Didactic and Polemic Theology, N.B.S.
1893 D.D. by R.C. 1893.

Publications: "Side Lights of the Advent"; a sermon, 1881. — "Wom-
an's Exaltation" ; a sermon, 1883. — "College and Seminary Life of Rev.
John H. Salisbury"; a funeral address, 1891. — "Love for the Church":
Dedication Sermon, 1892. — "The Theological Seminary in the R.C.A."
1892. — "Our Missionary Opportunity in the West" : address be-
fore the P.S. of New Brunswick, 1893. — "The Source of Author-
ity": Inaugural address as Prof, of Theology, 1893. — "His Chosen Habita-
tion": Dedication Sermon, 1894. — "Nehushtan": Sermon in final service in
old church building, Raritan, 1st, 1895. — "Talbot Wilson Chambers": in
"Presb. and Reformed Review," with reprint, 1896. — "Outline Sketch of
Theological Encyclopedia," 1897. — "The Death of President McKinley" :
a sermon, 1901. — Articles on Egyptian Travel and Miscellaneous Contri-
butions in "Christian Intelligencer" and local papers.

Searle, Samuel Tomb (s. of Jer. Searle), b. at Salem, N.Y., 1825; U.C.

45, N.B.S. 48. 1. CI. of Greene; Tiossiock. 48-50, Saratoga, 50-7, Leeds,

57-69, Wyckoff, 69-88, Hurley, 88-96, w. c.
Publications : "Address before Leeds Debating Club on Mental Cul-
ture; in "Catskill Examiner," Feb. 4, 1865. — Mission Paper read before
Classis of Passaic, in "Mission Record" of that Classis. 1883. — Necrologi-
cal Reports in "Mints. Gen. Synod," 1884-9.

Searle, Stephen (s. of Jer. Searle) ; U.C. 1850, N.B.S. 53, 1. CI. N.B. ;
Mamakating, 53-9, Griggstown, 59-73, Caatsban, 74-1885, d. Jan. 15.
He was a good man. His piety commended itself to all who knew him.
It was an ornament about his neck continually. Clothed with humility as
with a garment, he walked among his people without affectation or desire
of applause. Modest and retiring, he was ever ready to show his devotion
to his Master. He was faithful in all his services, laboring diligently for
God. His presentations of the Gospel were always plain, clear, persuasive
and evangelical, with the design of bringing instruction, comfort or help
as circumstances required. His trumpet never gave an uncertain sound.
He held fast to the form of sound words, as taught by the inspired writers.
He wrote his sermons with carefulness in order to move men by pointing
them to the cross of Christ. The familiar truths of the Word of God fur-
nished him with his themes. "Mem. Ser." by Rev. N. F. Chapman.

Sears, Jacob C, b. at Montgomery, N.Y., 1798; U.C. 21, N.B.S. 24, 1. CI.

N.B. ; Miss, to Spring Garden, Philadelphia, 24, Spring Garden, 1st,

(or Philadelphia, 2d, Eighth St.), 25-33, Six Mile Run, 33-1881, d.

Aug. 13. Emeritus, 1878. D.D.

His fidelity in his office was witnessed to by the universal respect and

esteem in which he was held by the Church and the community at large.



728 THE MINISTRY.

His preaching was direct, forceful and sound, and always distinguished
by its clear and exhaustive analysis. Upon questions of public reforms, or
of national or patriotic interest, he had decided convictions, and was bold
in uttering them. He continued the catechizing of the children on week-
days until the infirmities of age compelled him to abandon it. Throughout
his ministry none of the ordinances of the Church were allowed to fall into
desuetude. The best evidence of the faithfulness and power of his ministry
was the remarkable manner in which the congregation ever clung to the
old Church, although scattered over a wide area, with churches growing
up on every side. Near the close of his ministry at Six Mile Run, after a
service of forty-three years, in 1876, there was a remarkable revival, in
which 130 souls were gathered into the Church, although the pastor him-
self was then laid aside by sickness. His services at the Lord's Table and
at funerals were especially memorable. In the Classis, his theological at-
tainments were recognized by a term of thirty years as examiner in theol-
ogy, while his geniality, wisdom and age, long made him a beloved father
to the younger brethren. His private and social life was pure, simple and
godly, and the religion which he preached was a part of himself.

Sebastian, S. A. (Hindoo.) He was educated in England; came to Ar-
cot, 1878; Headmaster of Mission School at Tindevanum, 1878-94,
Bible-master in Arcot Mission College, 1894-8, ordained as pastor at
Vellore, 1898

Sebring, Arad J., b. at Ovid, N.Y. ; R.C. 1859, N.B.S. 62, 1. CI. Geneva;
Mellenville, 1862-85, Kaatsban, 1885

Publications : Articles and Poems.

Sebring, Elbert Nevius, b. at Ovid, N.Y., Sept. 22, 1836; R.C. 62, N.B.S.

65, 1. CI. Geneva; Ghent, 2d, 65-73, Fairfield, 72,-7, Prattsville, 77-9;

Middlcburgh 79-84, Leeds and Athens, 2d, 84-1889, d. Oct. 12.
He was noted in college for proficiency in English composition. Though
physically not robust, he continued to perform the duties of his holy office
for nearly twenty-five years. He was a devoted Christian whose soul
thrilled with the thought that he had a call to preach the Gospel to per-



Online LibraryEdward Tanjore CorwinA manual of the Reformed Church in America (formerly Ref. Prot. Dutch church), 1628-1902 → online text (page 92 of 134)