Edward W. (Edward Webster) Spangler.

The annals of the families of Caspar, Henry, Baltzer and George Spengler, who settled in York County, respectively, in 1729, 1732, 1732, and 1751. With biographical and historical sketches, and memorabilia of contemporaneous local events online

. (page 1 of 55)
Online LibraryEdward W. (Edward Webster) SpanglerThe annals of the families of Caspar, Henry, Baltzer and George Spengler, who settled in York County, respectively, in 1729, 1732, 1732, and 1751. With biographical and historical sketches, and memorabilia of contemporaneous local events → online text (page 1 of 55)
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Cdk^i ^.



Caepatt 1bcnr^, JSaltser
anb (3C0VQC Spenoler,



1729, 1732, 1732 AND 1751 :





*' ^e boast Is not, tbat If DcOuce m^ birtb
jFrom loins entbroncD, an& rulers of tbe eartb;
36ut btcjbcr far ms prouO pretensions rise—
^be son of parents passeD Into tbe slates."





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Copyrighted 1896,



All Rights Reserved.

10 126

Printed by The York Daii^y Publishing Co., York, Pa.

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^'Children's children arc the croivn of old men; and the glory of the children are
their father sy Proverbs xviii. 6.

THE Societies of tlie "Sons of the Revolution" and "Daugh-
ters of the American Revolution" and kindred organiza-
tions, were recently created to perpetuate the memory of
the early days of the Republic, of the high aspirations
that animated the colonists, and to cherish, honor and perpetuate
the memories of ancestors who were engaged in the great struggle
for American Independence. Incidentally, they have awakened
and stimulated a desire to trace and discover forefathers, who
would otherwise continue to sleep "uuthought of in obscurity,"
and inspired a hunger for knowledge of our early history, of the
men who made it, and the institutions they developed. To these
influences may be ascribed the genesis of this undertaking.

The present scribe had no intention, at the outset, to construct a
genealogical tree; but when extended record researches exploded
all the varying traditions concerning the immigrant Spenglers, it
was not deemed amiss to publish a correct genealogy.

This self imposed task was soon discovered to be an herculean
one, especially when sporadic intervals of leisure in an active and
exacting law practice and other duties, could alone be devoted to
the work. The stupendous amount of labor and research requisite
in an inquiry so complex and a relationship so involved — often as
difficult to understand and unravel as the horns treated of in the
Revelation — can be estimated only by those who have attempted
a similar work. The Spengler progenitors, as well as their des-
cendants, were culpably indifferent to the preservation of family
records to lighten the labors of the annalist, and important family
events were deemed by them too trivial to chronicle. So little
consideration was given to lineage, that among even the most in-
telligent of the present day, save few, the names of ancestors be-

iv Introductory.

yond grandparents were not remembered. Hence arcse at this
late day the extreme difficulty of ancestral discovery and classi-
fication, and the procuration of genealogical data and biographical
material. Recorded and unrecorded deeds, patented titles, wills,
administrations, orphans' court records, stray files of old York
newspapers, (difficult to discover), church records, (in German),
gravestones, archives and foreign publications, had to be care-
fully and laboriously examined and scrutinized, and the various
results compared, digested and analyzed. In these investigations
many visits to Lancaster, Harrisburg and Philadelphia also be-
came necessary, and the public libraries of the principal eastern
cities had to be explored.

Even official records proved, in a few instances, to be misleading
and erroneous ; — notably, the recital in a power of attorney, re-
corded in Philadelphia, that Daniel Spengler, a son of Baltzer
Spengler, Sr., died in his minority and without issue. The non-
joinder of his heirs in the conveyance of valuable real estate on
Market street in that city, inherited from their uncle George
Spengler, may or may not seriously affect the title.

The strange coincidence in the marriage of Daniel Spengler's
widow to her cousin, a Hessian surgeon and prisoner of war, makes
romance pale before the truth of history.

In some cases it was found that traditions were entirely erron-
eous, and were based more on enthusiasm than on proof, in faith
rather than on facts.

It is not the aim or spirit of this w^ork to strain, tincture or per-
vert the truth, to enhance the antiquity, dignity, or honors of the
early Spengler families. The facts are proven by the records,
which themselves import verity. Tradition goes far in advance
of documentary evidence where a fancied origin or antiquity is
the chief object; for in such case the family historian very often
shows a superstitious reverence for family legends and traditions,
without troubling himself much to ascertain upon what the facts
rested. The present purpose is to purge lineage of all superfluous
accretions and to lop off all legends, however time honored and
picturesque, that cannot bear true historical tests.

On the other hand this volume will disclose to many hundreds
of Spengler descendants that they are the offspring of brave and


Introductory. v

heroic progenitors — a nobility founded on patriotism — and are
eligible to membership in the American Revolutionary Societies
— associations whose object is to recall the statesmen and soldiers
of that glorious epoch, that their patriotism and self-denial in the
cause of their country may be an incentive and example for com-
ing generations — societies that revere the memories of the great
deeds of those who shed their blood that their children's children
may never forget the value of the heritage which comes to them
through so much of sacrifice and of death.

The early Spenglers limited themselves to a few favorite Chris-
tian names, such as John, Bernhard, Jonas and Rudolph — and thus
were found four or five of each living about the same time and
vicinity. To assign, from the records alone, each his proper posi-
tion in the relationship required the most laborious analysis. The
genealogies here given are in nearly every instance derived and
supported by the records, the few exceptions being based upon
evidence irrefragable.

The names of the children — their name is Legion — of the now
living herein given, are rather the exception than the rule, as
otherwise the list would have become interminable. To continue
the line will be an easy undertaking for the family chronicler of
the future. The main purpose of the present work was to discover
forgotten ancestors for the information of the living.

The correspondence with the descendants — often very difficult
to find — and others residing in distant sections of the country be-
came quite extensive ; and, to their credit, answers responsive to
often pertinacious inquiries were in nearly every instance punctu-
ally given.

At the beginning of these researches nothing was known of the
Spenglers of Virginia and further South, nor had they knowledge
of their Pennsylvania origin. The same may be said of many of
the Spanglers of the West. This discovery was certainly a sur-
prise and gratification not only to them but to the present scribe.

At the expiration of five months (January 1895) of intermittent,
yet arduous labor, the present scribe had not discovered the for-
eign domicile of the Spengler immigrants — a most cherished de-
sire. It was then, by the sheerest accident, that he came across
the credentials and passport of Henry Spengler (dated 1725-32)


which disclosed the fact that he emigrated from the town of " Wey-
ler under Steinsberg," in the Palatinate on the Rhine. Letters
were immediately sent to the Burgomaster and the German Re-
fonned pastor of Weyler. As there is no such town in the Palat-
inate as now constituted, the letters were sent by the Palatinate
postmasters to Steinberg, Alsace; and no Spenglers being found
there, they were returned. The services of the U. S. Consuls at
Mannheim and Nuremberg, and a specialist at Carlsruhe were then
invoked, but they could not find the town. A trip to the Pratt
Library in Baltimore revealed the fact that the Rhenish Palatinate
in 1727-32, comprised territory on both sides of the Rhine, and
that "Weyler under Steinsberg" is now located in the Grand
Duchy of Baden. This revelation resulted in the ultimate discov-
ery and employment of Rev. W. Fuchs, Pastor of Hilsbach-Weyler
Parish, who constructed the Spengler second German Stammbaum
or genealogical tree. It is needless to say that our many German
cousins at Weyler and vicinity were more than delighted to hear
from their American relations, of whom they never had any
knowledge, for in the family the names of Caspar, George, Henry
and Baltzer Spengler had perished from memory.

The four original Spenglers, (heads of families), who emigrated
from Germany, and settled in York (then Lancaster) county, were
Caspar Spengler, who arrived in Philadelphia in 1727, Henry
Spengler and Balthasar (Baltzer) Spengler, his brothers, in 1732,
and George Spengler, in 1751. The last was presumably a near
relative of the others. With Henry and Baltzer also came, in 1732,
their brother George, who remained and died without issue in
Philadelphia in 1744. They were accompanied by their wives
and children. Caspar settled in York County about 1729, and
Henry and Baltzer in 1732.

Peter Spengler, a younger brother, (born May 19, 17 12), was
presumably the Peter Spengler who, as shown by the Pennsyl-
vania Archives, arrived in Philadelphia on the Ship Samuel,
Hugh Percy, Master, December 3, 1740, "aged 26 years." In the
age given by Peter, as stated in the Archives, there is a discrep-
ancy of two years, but the same difference exists in the ages given,
upon their arrival, by Henry and Baltzer. That this Peter was
the youngest brother is corroborated by the following tradition:

Introductory. vii

Henry Spangler, aged 83 years, of Selma, Indiana, writes that
Rudolph Spangler — now deceased, the father of the present scribe,
told him when he was a young man, "that five Spengler brothers
arrived at Philadelphia, and the youngest was never heard from."

After the foregoing paragraph was written, the writer received
a letter from Seth Spangler, aged 76 years, of Fort Smith, Arkan-
sas, who is doubtless the great-grandson of Peter. He says that
when he was a boy, his grandfather, Peter Spangler, Jr., told him
that "his father arrived in Philadelphia between 1740 and 1760.
He had run away from his home in Germany, and was without
money. That upon his arrival in Philadelphia, he was sold by
the Captain of the Ship that brought him over, to the highest
bidder for his passage, and was bid off by a farmer who lived in
the country. He worked out his time and continued to work un-
til he had earned enough to buy for himself a tract of land in
Berks County, Pennsylvania, in a neighborhood then known as
Brushy Valley, where he raised a family of boys and girls. When
the Revolutionary war broke out, he had two sons old enough to
go into the army. On their return home, the youngest brother,
was in such haste to greet his soldier brothers that he s^ot too
close to one of the horses and was kicked over the left eye which
left a permanent scar." After the war the family began to scatter.
Peter, Jr., married a Barbara Cracen, and afterwards moved to
Tuscarora County, Ohio, where he lived for many years, and had
ten children. Upon the death of his wife, he married a second
time and added nine more to the flock. In 1842 he moved to
Arkansas, where he died about 1853.

Jacob and Christopher (Stophel) Spengler who arrived in
America in 1733, and settled in Berks County, Pa.; Michael Speng-
ler, who arrived in 1737 and located in Lebanon County, Pa.; and
Christian Spengler, who arrived in 1749 and settled in Northamp-
ton County, Pa., as well as some other immigrant Spenglers of
that period, were the descendants of Lazarus Spengler (not
the contemporary of Martin Luther) with his first wife, Maria
Loliserin, (nupt. 1579) of the 12th generation, as the genealogical
tree, compiled from the Nuremberg Archives, most persuasively
attests, (vide, "The Spengler Ancestry in Germany.")

The original and correct spelling of "Spengler" was generally

viii Introductory.

adhered to by our forefathers during the first and second genera-
tions. Afterwards "Spangler" was by unjustifiable usage substi-
tuted, except as to the descendants of Col. Philip Spengler and
Anthony Spengler, (grandsons of Caspar), of Virginia.

Considerable space has also been given to the patriotic and
valiant part taken by our York County ancestors in the American
Revolution. Their example will go down through posterity as
ever worthy of emulation. The Spenglers were not laggards in
that great struggle, nor in the subsequent wars which enlarged
and preserved this great Republic.

The regrettable fact established in this volume is, that in the
late civil war, the Spanglers of the North and South were, by rea-
son of domicile, political education and environment, arrayed
against each other, as their blood shed on many a battle field at-
tests. All were, however, as brave in action as they were honest
in conviction. By the decree of an All-wise Providence, this
nation, dedicated to freedom, was not disruj^ted ; all are again fra-
ternally and happily reunited ; for political intolerance and ignoble
passion cannot coexist with the highest order of courage ; and
those who fought so gallantly under the stars and bars, will, when
duty demands, battle as valiantly for the stars and stripes.

The present scribe's fortunate discovery of long lost muster rolls
of thirty-five of the York County companies in the Revolutionary
war, will prove profoundly interesting and edifying to all the
descendents of these honored forebears. The unpublished Revolu-
tionary correspondence, the diary of George Lewis Leffler, and the
accounts of Lieut.-Col. John Hay and other new matter, will also
be instructive to the student of Revolutionarv historv.

The ilhistrations of old-time scenes, incidents and events are
from the writer's collection, and many have been incorporated in
this work as much for their antiquity, scarcity and quaintness, as
to illustrate the text.

The historical portions of this work, involving an enormous
amount of research and labor, principally foimd in the appendix,
were introduced because it was believed that those who took suffi-
cient interest to trace their progenitors, would naturally be in-
spired with a thirst for knowledge of early personal and local his- j
tory, as more fully stated in the introduction to the appendix.

Introductory. ix

The criticisms that may be passed upon this effort may be gen-
erous or just. The work is as good as the writer's limited time
and gifts would allow. And yet he feels that his labors have not
been entirely in vain. In the genesis of his task he knew not the
name of his great-grandfather; its culmination was the tracing of
the Spengler family to George Spengler, Cupbearer to the Bishop
of Wurtzburg, born about 1150. He and his Bishop accom-
panied the Emperor Barbarossa on a Crusade to the Holy
Land, 1189, were stricken down by the plague, and buried in the
Church of St. Peter, Antioch, 1190. Less than a dozen of the four
hundred barons of the British House of Lords date back to 1400
genealogically, the earliest being 1264. The Campbells of Argyle,
to whom belong the present Duke of Arg\-le, began in 1190. The
oldest family of the British Isles is the I\Iar family of Scotland,
1093. The Colonnas of Rome cannot prove anything beyond
1 100, nor the Orsinis earlier than 1190. There is, however, one
gentleman, when it comes to pedigree, to whom the writer and all
other genealogists must take off their hats, not 2& facile princeps or
primus inter pares^ but as the great and only nonesuch. This gen-
tleman is the jMikado of Japan. His place is hereditary, and it
has been filled by members of his family for more than 2500 years,
he being the 122nd of his line. The founder of it was contem-
porary with Nebuchadnezzar, 660 B. C.

The annals of a family are not intended for external scrutiny ;
to the members alone, whatever the defects, they should be inter-
esting and sacred. As a literary production, no merit for this
work is claimed ; it was hastily written and amid continuous and
most exasperating interruptions. As a genealog}^ he prays the
considerate judgment of those for whom he has discovered progen-
itors, manv of whom do not now live even in tradition. The
amount to be realized on the sale of this book will not liquidate
the actual expenses incurred. For laborious and exacting services,
gratuitously rendered in its compilation, he craves only that com-
pensation which those who cherish the memory of their ancestors
will sooner or later give. To venerate ancestors, however humble
their origin or station, is an obligation plainly dictated by piety.
They who are indifferent as to their origin will likely be careless
of their destiny. The present is but the renaissance of ancestral


List of Illustrations.

Evolution of the Fire Engine, 1615,

1730 362

Evolution of the Fire Engine, 1733,

1850 374

Evolution of the Fire Engine, 1790,

1830, 186 382

Hon. James Smith 390

Col. Thomas and Catharine Hartley. 396

Battle of Bunker Hill 403

Surrender of Lord Cornwallis 412

Fac-Simile of Muster Roll of the 4th
Company of York, in the Revo-
lution 416, 417

Continental Militia at Drill 436

Muster Roll of Capt. Rudolf Speng-

ler's Company, 1776 444

Gen. Henry Jliller 452

Old Court House Square, York 464

Market Street, York, 1830 464

Court House Square, York, 1820. . . 472

Centre Square, York, 1896 472

Battle Monument, Baltimore 478

Defeat of Gen. Braddock 482

A Charge Against the Indians 488

Death of General Butler 491

Gen. Taylor in Mexico 492

The Stage Coach of Old 494

Markets, Centre Square, York, 1843-

1887 494

Figure of Justice in Old Court House 496
Peoples Line of Cars and Stages, 1836 500

Primitive Coal Train 500

Capture of Major Andre 505

Battle of Bunker's Hill 512

West Market Street, York, 1801 522

East " " " 1896 522

Battle of Lexington 539

Continental Congress at York, 1777-8 540
West Market Street, York, West of

Water, 1830 552

West Market Street, York, East of

Newberry, 1842 552

Coming to Town to Marry of Old 562

Camp Lafayette, York, 1S41 564

Hon. Thaddeus Stevens 568

Revolt of the Pennsylvania Line at

York, 1781 571

African Slavery 576

United States Slave Trade, 1830 577

York Pennsylvania Rifle, 1841 580

York, Pennsylvania, 1850 584


On page 26, "Jonas Spangler died in Washington Township," read "Warrington

On page 27, "Elizabeth Hubley," read "Sarah Hubley."

On page 48, add Eva, daughter of Jacob and Catherine Wiest, born May 30, 1767.

On page 58, add Anna Maria, daughter of Henry and Judith Rudisill, born June
8, 1785.

On page 86, the universally accepted tradition that Johann Daniel Dinkel died
in Germany, is erroneous. He died in York, Pa., 1755. His will, quite recently
discovered by the writer, was written, signed and witnessed in York, dated April
6, 1754, probated November 7, 1755. It showed that he had six children, includ-
ing a son, Daniel. Not belonging to the Spangler family, the tradition was not
verified by the records.

On 138, "Appendix notes 16, 17," read, "pages 16, 17."

On page 201, add after 3d line, Meineke Edward Schmidt, died July 20, 1833,
aged II months.

On page 210, "Margaret Hinkle," read, "Margaret Henkel."

On page 397, "First Division," read, "Fifth Division."

On page 400, add Catherine Hartley, born May 24, 1750.

On page 401, "September 6, 1896," read, "November 19, 1896."


IN the compilation of that portion of the subjoined German
genealogy, antedating the advent of Hans Rudolf Spengler
of Weiler, the present scribe encountered difficulties almost
insuperable. Not being able to make personal researches of
European Archives, he had to rely on the genealogical information
vouchsafed by the United States Consuls, the Spengler descend-
ants residing at Kiel, Germany ; Zeist, Holland ; St. Gall and
Luzerne, Switzerland,' and the immediate kin of Weiler under
Steinsberg, Baden. At certain links in the line the various state-
ments furnished were at first bewildering, and in a few instances
almost irreconcilable. For instance, the " unknown author " in
the Nuremberg records states that Hans Spengler, born in 1491,
died 1545, was one of the sons of George Spengler and Agnes
Ulnier (German plural, Ulmerin), whereas this Hans does not
appear among the names of the children of George Spengler and
Agnes Ulmer in the genealogical tree compiled from the Nurem-
berg Archives proper.

Riestap in his Armorial General (Holland edition) says that this
Hans was the son of Hans, son of Peter Spengler, who had three
sons. These variances, more apparent than real, are possibly the
result of carelessness in transcription, errors of translation, or
accruing from the multiplicity of issue, as in the case of George
and Agnes Spengler, — the genealogical table showing twenty-one.
They are more probably due to the confusion arising out of double
christian names, so generally prevalent after the Reformation.
The Spenglers were generally known only by one praenomen, and
by the abandonment of the other, variations in the archives at
different periods could very readily occur. For instance, the four
sons of Hans Rudolf Spengler, who emigrated to America, were

'App. Note I.


Caspar, George, Henry and Baltzer Spengler, and snch were their
signatures ; whereas they were baptized as Hans Kaspar, Hans
George, Jorg Heinrich and Johan Balthasar, and they so appear in
the Weiler records.

While there is an apparent conflict in the christian names in
several links in the line, there can be no doubt of their descent
from the commo'n ancestor, George Spengler. The Holland Van
Spenglers, the founder of whose branch was Johan Spengler, of the
Nuremberg tree, have been lineally traced by Riestap from the
common origin, George Spengler.

The Spengler Arms.

According to Siebmacher's Wappenbuch and Riestap's Armorial
General the ancient Nuremberg Spengler arms were : Gules, a
beaker argent on a trimount or ; in other words, " A red shield
emblazoned with a silver beaker resting on three golden hills."
The beaker or covered cup, emblematized the office of Cupbearer
held by George Spengler in the service of the Bishop of Wiirtz-
burg, 1 1 89. The Spengler Arms, with later augmentations, are :
Gules, an eagle displayed sable, a beaker argent, on a trimount or,
accosted with four estoilees or. Crest : a Bishop's bust proper.
The arms of some of the descendant branches, having been subse-
quently conferred and for personal and independent service, differ
from the above.

Of the various Spengler families of Europe, eleven, all belonging
to the Nuremberg family, were ennobled — quite a respectable
number of one name to attain such eminence. The titles of
nobility were conferred by reason of heroic, cliivalrous or other
meritorious service rendered in the domain of human achieve-

The Origin Supported by Tradition.

In a letter to the writer from Mrs. Laura M. Dakin, of New

York City, a daughter of the late Charles Spangler, of Hagers-

town, Md., who was a great-grand-son of Baltzer Spengler, Sr.,

occurs the following :

"After my marriage I boarded at Harrisburg. Pa. Mrs. Susan S. DeWitt, a
daughter of Gen. Jacob Spangler, called on me, and tracing back, mentioned some



entirely German Christian names ; but I forgot those names, one I think was
Rudolf — When I saw my father again and told him, he said I was right. Mrs.
Dewitt said our ancestors came from Bavaria — were driven out of Bavaria in the 17th
century for opposition to the Roman Catholics. She had heir-looms, said they
had divided them up among them at home. She had two very high-backed chairs,
dark with age — they looked like bishop's or ecclesiastical chairs of our ancestors —
that they were noble men and sat near the throne. This corroborated just what
my father used to tell his children — I was one — that we came from the ' royal

Online LibraryEdward W. (Edward Webster) SpanglerThe annals of the families of Caspar, Henry, Baltzer and George Spengler, who settled in York County, respectively, in 1729, 1732, 1732, and 1751. With biographical and historical sketches, and memorabilia of contemporaneous local events → online text (page 1 of 55)